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Full text of "The New England historical and genealogical register"

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NEW ENGLAND 



j^istodcal ^ (Genealogical Hccjiotcr, 



PUBLISHED QUARTERLY, UNDER THE TATKONAGE OF THE 



^jCU) (Englanb ijistovic, (Scncalogical Society 



FOR THE YEAR 1851. 



I 



VOLUME V. 




BOSTON: 

S A ]\l U E L G . DRAKE, PUBLISHER 

1851. 



PUBLISHING COMMITTEE FOR THE YEAR 1851. 



Charles Deane, 
Wm. T. Harris, 



Joseph B. Felt, 

J. W. Thornton, 
David Hamblen. 



0. 0. p. MOODY, PRINTSR, — OLD DICKINSON OFFICE, 

No. 52 Washiogton Street. 



PREFACE. 



It is a very common saying that Prefaces are never read, though 
every author, probably, who writes one, thinks his will surely be 
an exception to that saying. The writer has had experience 
enough in this line, to make him rather indifferent whether his is 
read or not ; for of one thing he is quite certain, namely, that if 
his patrons and others have read his Prefaces, (and they have 
not been few,) they did not produce many of the very important 
results that the writer had hoped for. But a Preface must be 
written, because a book without one, is too much like those 
houses, between the dining-rooms of which and the street, there 
is but one door ; though, in the old days of our ancestors, houses 
of this description were much more common, than books without 
Prefaces. If this Preface is not read it makes not much differ- 
ence what its import is ; if it should be read, we do not mean its 
readers shall be deceived by a series of flourishes and untruths 
about " the great encouragement we have met with, and how 
much obligation we are under to the public," &c., &c. All those 
who have done their duty towards us feel a consciousness of 
having done so, which is the best reward they can have, and is 
all they expect ; and if we have failed to do our duty towards 
any, we can in truth say we desire to make them amends. 

With this Preface, will go out the fourth and last number, of 
volume five, of the New England Historical and Genealogi- 
cal Register, which is number twenty of the series. These 
twenty numbers complete five years of the principal labor of the 
writer ; and he would be most happy if he could say, he had 
been well remunerated for his time, anxiety, and exertions. But 
such is not the case. There are not people enough interested in 
the objects we have in view, to support such a work ; at least, 
a sufficient number has not yet been found, notwithstanding the 



IV PREFACE. 

confidence of many that there is antiquarian taste enough in the 
community to maintain this or a kindred work well. However, 
we do not mean that the work shall stop here. The Society, 
whose objects it has carried out, thus far, is large and well able 
to sustain the work, provided its members all patronize it, which 
is not now the case. And here we may be permitted to suggest, 
that no person should be admitted to a membership, in the Soci- 
ety, who will not patronize its Periodical. We say its Periodical, 
because it is entirely devoted to the objects of the institution. 
We do not say this for our special benefit, for it cannot be long 
that we shall stand in need of any, but we make the suggestion 
for the good of all concerned. 

In our Preface to the second volume, we told the reader, that 
though the work was " on a foundation to be continued," w^e, at 
the same time, observed, that it would require " very great care 
and attention on the part of the Publisher, and the warm co-oper- 
ation of the friends of the cause.^^ And while he takes pleasure in 
acknowledging efficient co-operation from many friends, yet he 
has to regret that it is not extensive enough, to make the circu- 
lation of the work above one-half what it should be to ensure its 
reasonable support. 

It has before been remarked, that the work has carried out the 
objects of the Neav England Historic-Genealogical Society ; 
we mean, that thus far the publication has been entirely devoted 
to those objects ; and if it has not come fully up to the wishes 
of its friends, in some particulars, it is the fault of circumstances, 
not within our control, and not ours. There will, of course, be 
difTerences of opinion, regarding certain minor affairs, even among 
good judges of general matters, but no one, except the immediate 
conductor of such a work, can be sensible of the innumerable 
difficulties attending its progress. They should, therefore, be 
sparing of their censures, upon those who undertake in so diffi- 
cult a service. 

It is really and truly the business of a State to collect, preserve 
and promulgate its records. For a quarter of a century, at least, 
we have had this for our text, upon which, on all suitable occa- 
sions, we have endeavored to make others agree with us, by dis- 
coursing of its great importance ; and during this time, thousands 
of records and documents have, to our knowledge, been consumed 
by fire, or otherwise destroyed ; even entire books of town 
records have been burnt up! We hope the time is near at hand, 
when the consciences of legislators will call them to account. 



PREFACE. V 

The legislature of Massachusetts has, indeed, very recently made 
some stringent laws relative to town records. Those laws are 
very well ; but there is something, of vast importance, which does 
not seem to have been thought of by those legislatures. We 
mean a provision by which everything which can throw light on 
our early history and antiquities, should be collected and deposited 
in one place. There are thousands and tens of thousands of old 
papers, parchments and books, in private hands, scattered all 
over the land, many of which are of a public nature, and have a 
historical value, equal to any that are known to the public. 
Now, we say, to collect these, or copies of them, is the duty of 
the State. To effect this there should be a Kecord Commission 
appointed by the government of every State ; and it should be 
the duty of the members of such Commission, to go personally 
into all parts of the State, to collect, by copying or otherwise, 
everything of the character contemplated in the objects of their 
Commission. The result of such research should be deposited 
in the archives of the Commonwealth. We cannot enter here 
into details. The expense would be trifling; and until every 
State commences upon it, they will not have begun at the begin- 
ning of their duty. It is not improbable but that we may be 
judged, by some, to be out of the line of our duty in what we 
have ventured to assert. If there are any who decide thus, we 
shall have the privilege of judging of their motives, as well as they 
of ours. For those who condemn measures, they do not them- 
selves originate, we feel as little respect as they possibly can for us. 

We feel a satisfaction in contemplating our labors, thus far 
published, notwithstanding their imperfections ; a satisfaction 
that it has been the means of rescuing a vast amount of facts 
and materials that would not otherwise have been preserved. 
But the work is only begun ; and without the aid of a Record 
Commission, or something of the nature of it, fifty years cannot 
bring it to a reasonable degree of usefulness. Every general 
work of a genealogical, biographical and historical character, 
must, of necessity, be very defective. 

Any great undertaking, requiring the co-operation of the whole 
community, must, necessarily, be feebly and faintly prosecuted, 
however energetic or enterprising a few individuals may be, who 
embark in it. What, indeed, can a few societies do in such an 
undertaking ? It is true, they can do something towards rescuing 
perishing materials, but it is almost nothing compared with what 
ought to be done. We know there are individuals — individuals 



VI PREFACE. 

counted wise and learned too — who deprecate the publication of 
records; but we shall not express our mind fully here in regard to 
them — neither will we accuse them of a selfishness unworthy of 
men ; nor of possessing a meaner attribute — the sordid wish to be 
thought the only discoverers and publishers of little shreds and 
patches (for the best of our works are not much besides,) of our 
common country's history. 

The editor has been requested to give an example in the Reg- 
ister, of the plan that he deems the best and most perfect for 
printing an extensive genealogy. Much might be said under 
that head, though it is his opinion, that he has, at dilferent times, 
in the work, said all that is necessary. However, a word or two 
upon the subject, may be well enough at this time and in this 
place. 

It has always appeared to us, that that system was the most 
perfect, which answered the most questions ; in other words, 
which answered every question at a glance ; that is, every ques- 
tion dependent upon a system or plan. This being admitted, 
we have no hesitation in pronouncing that employed in the 
present number, (October, 1851,) on the Genealogy of the 
Leonard Family, to be perfect and complete in every respect. 
We name this particular genealogy, because it is printed in a 
closer manner than others, on the same plan, in the Register ; 
observing, however, that the names carried forward, are, in the 
Leonard Family, placed before, instead of after the serial num- 
ber, as they should have been. This was purely accidental, and 
was the mistake of the gentleman who prepared it. Of this 
system, the reader will find a full explanation in the fourth vol- 
ume, on page 42, and in the present volume, on page 177. 

SAMUEL G. DRAKE. 
Boston, 56 Cornhill, 1 Oct. 1851. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



[Index of Names of Persons at the end of the volume.] 



Ahnauac, American for 1851, 99 

Antiuomians, 20 

Autographs of 

Baker, Christine, 195 
Baker, Thomas, 195, 204 
Baker, Otis, 204 
Church, Benjamin, 385 
Cogswell, Amos, 207 
Cogswell, Lydia, 207 
Dudley, Thomas, 295 
King Philip, 358 
Leonard, Thomas, 407 
Otis, Paul, 186, 187 
Waldem, llichard, 181 

Bedford Centennial Celebration, 369 

Berry Pomeroy, .fohn Prince, Ticar of, 381 

Bibles, Capen, i, 180 ; Rawson, iii. 201, 299 ; Rog- 
ers, 105 ; translations of the, 311 

Billerica, Historical Items, 171 ; tax payers, 173 

Biography of Hugh Peters, 13, 231, 275, 415 ; Capt. 
Stoddard. 22 ; Mrs. Bowen, 101 ; G. W. Went- 
worth, 103; John Rogers, 105; Nath'l Rogers, 
132, &c. 

Boston Sunday regulation, 78 ; Early Records of, 
97, 243. 333 ; Registration, 265 ; Reminiscences 
of, 370 ' 

Book of Sports, 12, 20 

Books, Reviews and Notices of, 
Adams' Haven Genealogy, 99 
Ames' Chart of the Ames Family, 471 
American Almanac, 99 

Andrews' Chart of the Sargent &c. Family, 471 
Archseologiii Americana, 100 
Banvard's i'lymouth and the Pilgrims, 469 
Barnes' Centennial Address, 369 
Batchelder's Border Adventures, 266 
Beckwith's Genealogy of the Brown Family of 

R. I., 741 
Bouton's Centennial Discourse at Norwalk, 471 
BushnelPs Speech for Ot., 471 
Burr, 472 

Copway's Sketches of the Ojibways, 4G9 
Dearborn's K.euiiniscences of Boston, 370 
Davenport's Genealogy of the Davenports, 469 
Day's Genealogy of the Day Family, 470 
Hammett's Old Stone Mill, Newport, 470 
Howe's Century Semion, 266 
Lothrop's History of Brattle Street Church, 470 
Lyon's N H. Annual Register, 370 
Moody's Selections from N E. Fathers. 471 
Morse's Memorial of the Morses, 469 
Quincy's Memoir of Bromfield, 99 
Rice's Chart of the Rice Family, 471 
Sibley's History of Union, 470 
Simond's Boston Registration, 265 
Tenney's Class of 1837, of Y. C, 370 
Ward's Genealogy of che Ward Family, 36S 
Williams" Ceutermial at Buxton, 369 
Yale's Genealogy of the Yale Family, 99 

Braintree Iron Arorks, 404 

Brattle St. Church, History of, 470 

Burying-ground In.scriptions — See Inscriptions 

Buxton, Centennial Address at, 369 
Cambiidsre Historical Items. 171 



Canada, Stoddard's Journey to, 26-42 

Cazenovia, First Minister in, 414 

Centennial Celebrar,ion.s — See Book Notices 

Charlestown Inscriptions, 175 ; Hist. Items, 172 

Cochecho, Ancient Map of, 183 

Colchester Records— correction, 310 

Connecticut, Speech for, 471 

Concord Records, 100 ; Historical Items, 172-3 

Constitution, Frisrate, 102 

Dartmouth College, 416^ 

Deaths and Marriages — See Obituaries. 

Deerfield, Captives from, 21-2, 32, &c. 75 

Devonshire Genealogies, Notice of. 382 

Diary, one by Nathaniel Rogers, 136 

Donations to Genealogical Society, 104, 374 

Dorchester Inscriptions, ii, 312, 381 ; iv, 165, 275 ; 

v, 89, 255 
Dorchester, Old. 389, 465 

Doverj Early History, 177-223 ; Gen. Items, 449 
Dracut, men killed by Indians, 79 ; First bom 

there, 80 
Emigrants for Virginia, 248 
Epitaphs — See Inscriptions 
Errata, 82-3, 270, 373, 440, 476 
Extraordinary Family, 162 
First Settlers in Rochester, 85 
Freemen of Windsor, 247 
French War Soldiers, 42 
Genealogical Charts, Observations upon, 471 
Genealogical Society, 104, 270, 374 ; Gleanings, 345 
Genealogies, best method of printing, i, 21 , iv, 42 ; 

v, 6 ; pioneers in, 99, 469 ; importance of, ii, 

116 : criticisms on the methods of making out, 

IV, 94 ; V, 99, 368 ; Prince's Devonshire, 382 
Genealogies, Pedigrees, &c. — 

Appleton. 144 

Baker, 190, &c. 

Bates, 101 

Bean, 202-^5 

Beede, 214-15 

Boltwood, 101 • 

Bonner, 174 

Breck, ii, 225 ; v, 396-7 

Brooks, 355 

Bromfield, 100 

Carr. 200-1 

Chesiey, 205, 454-5 

Clement, 473 

Cogswell, 206-8 

Colton, 167 

Collins, 473 

Cox, 102 

Denison, 139-40 
I Dodge, 328-9 "^^^ 
^ Frost, 165-70 

Gihnan, 210-11, 345 

Gookin, i, 345 

Hanson, 1^13 

Ilcaid, 179, 187 

Hodges, 414J 

Hubbard, 142-3; 316-17 

Huntingdon, 163 

Ingalls, 474 

Knight, 474 



VIII 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Leigh ton, 166 

Leonard, 101-2, 403. &c. 

Otis, 177-223 

Pavne, 331-2 

Piukham, 198, 450 

Plnmer, 267-8 

Prince. 375-84 

Pnrington, 215 

l^ichardson. 475 

Kicker, 308-10, 464 

Kobinson, 464 

Kogers, 105, 224, 311 

Rollins, 168-y 

Shannon, 245 

Shapleigb, 345 

Stebbins, 71, 351 

Stoddard, 21-3 

Stoughton, 350 

Turner, 466 

Tuttle, 188, 198, 216 

Tarney, 197-8 

Varnnm, 79, 250 

Tanghan, 245 

Waldron. 182. 205-6 

"Wales, 411-12 

Wallingford, 206-7 

Watson, 216-17 

Weeks, 467 

Went worth, 103-4, 205-6, 269, 4188 

Whittinghani, 149-52 

Williams. 414* 

Willis, 476 

"Wiswall, 468 

Wood, u, 259-60 

Wormeley, 268-9 
Gleanings, Genealogical, 345 
Gloucester, Genealogical Items, 343 
Groton, Historical Items, 173 
Haryard College, bequest to, 127 ; Kogers chosen 

President of. 137; graduates of, 47, 153; N 

Prince's work upon, 384 ; Stoughton's bequest 

to, 465 
Hingham, witchcraft paper, 263 
Hopkinton, century sermon at, 266 
House, supposed oldest in N. Eng., 406 
Indians, voyage to the eastern, 376; murder by 

377 ; attempt on Northampton, 75 ; kill people 

at Dracut, 79 ; Lovewell's expedition against, 

80 ; nearly destroy Dover, 180, &c. ; bounty 

on their scalps, 'l93 ; one sold, 233 ; some 

thoughts about evangelizing them, 418 ; mur 

ders by them in Raynham, 406 ; Philip pro- 
tects the Leonards, 407 ; incident of Philip's 

war, 414^ ; protect the Quakers, 467 ; fight with 

at Wheelwright's Pond, 468 
Inscriptions, Monumental, 45, 67, 78. 84, 89, 132, 

139, 175, 249, 366 
Iron, lir.-t manufacture of in N. Eng., 404, 414^ 
Journal of Capt. Stoddard to Canada, 26-42 ; of J. 

Walton, 42 
Laws, to be made by Hugh Peters, 19, 232 
Lee, N. H., bloody fight there, 468 
Letters, original, 28-31, 34-5. 43, 57-61, 77. 88, 125, 

130, 144, 163, 187, 307, 357, 367, 382, 384, 414&-7 

ii. 258 
Longevity, 162, 224, 456, 472 [404,4142 

Lynn, Genealog. Items, 93, 251, 339 ; Iron Works at, 
Madbury, formerly part of Dover, 185 
Maine, Journal of a vovage to, 376-7 
Marriages and Deaths, 101, 267, 371, 471 
Martyrs of Smithfield, 115 



Massachusetts, early accused of aiming at inde- 
pendence, 19-20 

Massachusettensis, authorship questioned, 410-11 

Memoirs of Hugh Peters, 9, 231, 275 ; of Rogers, 
105, &c. ; of Gen. Ward, 371 ; of Rev. Thomas 
Prince, 375-84 

ISIiddleborough, first lawyer in^412 

Middlesex, early statistics (if, 171 

i\ew ivngland, Indian wars of, 142 ; History of. 143 ; 
Manuscripts relating to, 164 , great value of 
Prince's Annals of, 375 ; the Annals of, pre- 
sented to the General Court by the author, 378 

New Ipswich, t'euteunial celebration, 266 

Newport, the '' Old Ruin " at, noticed, 470 

New Hubiications, notices uf,— See Books [82-3 

Northampton, inhabitants of, in 1679, iv. 25; v. 

Norwalk Centennial Celebration at, 471 

Norwotuck, inhabitants of, 82 

Obituaries, &c., 101, 267, 371, 47J 

Ojibways, sketches of, 469 

O3 ster River, garrison attacked, 449 

Old Dorchester History and Genealogies, 389-465 

Old French war soldiers, 42 

Old rave-yard in York, 67 

Old stone Mill.— See Newport. 

Passengers for Virginia, 61, 343 ; notes respecting, 
248 

Pedigrees.— See Genealogies, &c. 

Peekskill, Burying-ground Inscriptions, 45 

Pemaquid, voyage to, 377 

Pilgrims, Plymoutii and the, 469 

Pirate, the term maliciously applied, 414^ 

Plymouth, wills from, 259,335, 385 ; Plymouth and 
the Pilgrims. 469 

Poetry, 17, 122, 134, 138, 294, 322 

Pontypool Leonards originated there, 404 

Publications, notices of, 99, 265, 368, 469 

Punkapaugue, Who vere the W entwor_ths of? 4148 

Quakers, persecution of one of the, 467 

Raynham. first Iron Works at, 404 ; first Minister, 
412 

Rebel, the term maliciously applied, 414^ 

Reviews of Books.— tee Books 

Revolution, incidents of, 81, 101,210 

Rochester, First Settlers of, 85 

Roxbury, Farly Records of, 334 

Salem, graduates from at U. C, 47, 153 

Say brook. Records of, 247 

Scarborough, Historical Item, 264 

Sports, book of, 12, 20 

Springfield, Inhabitants of, in 1768, 83-4 

Stoughton, made a town, 414* 

Si. John, Inscriptions from, 84 

Suftolk, wills. -See wills 

Taxation no Tyranny, 411 

Traditions of " Three Brothers," &c., 166 

Union. Hist, of, 470 [284 

Virginia, Passengers for, 61,343; Emigrants to, 

Voyage to Maine, 376-7 

Waltham, Inscriptions, 249 

Whale, fir t killed in N. Eng., 456 

White Hills of N. H. seen from the ocean, 376 

Wills. Suftolk. 239,295, 441; Plymouth, 259, 335, 
285 : Stebbins, 77 ; Rogers, 125, 136 ; Green, 
248 

Wind.sor, Records of, 63, 225, 359, 457 ; Freemen of 

247 
Witchcraft, one accused of at Ilingham, 263 

Yale College, class of 1837, 370^ 

York, Me , inscriptions Irom, 67 




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NEW ENGLAND 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER. 

VOL. V. JANUARY, 1851. NO. I 



MEMOIR OF HUGH PETERS. 

BY JOSEPH B. FELT. 

It is well known, that the view taken of men and things, accords 
with the medium, through which they are observed. If such me- 
dium be clear and correct, it will, of course, give a right impression. 
If not, the reverse holds true. This accounts for the diversity of 
opinions entertained of the person, who heads this article. 

No doubt, as subject to the elements of imperfection, he had, 
like all his race, faults to correct and omissions of obligation to 
deplore. But, looking at him as he really was, or supposed to be, 
some have esteemed him talented, learned, honest, benevolent, and 
magnanimous, — a benefactor of his fellow-beings and a true ser- 
vant of God, — while others have denied him these excellencies of 
character. Among the former class we profess ourselves to be 
numbered. This is a principal inducement to the preparation of 
the subsequent notice. 

The parentage of Peters (1) was highly respectable. His father, 
son of Sir John, (2) was an eminent merchant of Fowey (3) 
in Cornwall, whose ancestors, as advocates of the Reformation, 
were compelled to flee thither from the city of Antwerp. Ilis 
mother, Elizabeth, was of an ancient and honourable family, 
whose name was Treffey of Place in the Town of his birth. 
Thouo-h while referring to this subject, he regarded such descent 
as desireable, yet he appreciated personal merit as of far greater 

worth. 

The birth of Peters was in 1599. By the time he was prepared 
to enter college, adversity crossed the prosperous enterprise of his 
father. His elder brothers were liberally educated, the one, Wil- 

(1) Part of this account is given in his Legacy and the rest by his biographer, 
Samuel Peters, LL.D. 

(2) He spelt his surname, Peter. 

(3) Camden remarks, " Fowy was very famous in the last age for sea-fights, as 
is plain from the arms of the place, which are a compound of all those of the 
Cinque ports." 

2 



10 Memoir of Hugh Peters, [Jan. 

liam, at Leyden University, and the other, Thomas, at Oxford. 
Wliilc the second was pursuing his studies at the last place, Hugh 
entered Trinity of Cambridge, 1613, where he took his A.B. in 
1617, and his A.M. 1622. 

It is remarkable, that Brook, in his lives of the Puritans, should 
so readily credit the slander of Kennet's Chronicles, when he had 
it in his power so easily to have corrected the error. In his 
account of Peters, he says, " It is indeed observed, that when he 
was at Cambridge, he was so lewd and insolent, as to be whipt 
in the Regent's walk — a punishment scarcely ever inflicted upon 
any since, or perhaps a long time before, and so expelled forever 
from the University." A look at the graduating catalogue of 
the University, shows the utter falsity of his expulsion, being the 
greater punishment, and thus strongly implies, that the less and 
its assigned cause are of an equally reckless and incredible char- 
acter. 

Peters was connected with this Seat of Learning nine years, 
where, as he candidly remarks, " I spent some years vainly enough, 
being but 14 years old when thither I came ; my Tutor died, and 
I was exposed to my shifts." The perils of his inexperience, uni- 
ted with the loss of his appointed adviser and protector, were 
indeed great. Thus situated, he gave e/idence of his generous, 
strong, and filial affection. He relates, "that estate I had by an 
uncle, I left with my mother and lived at the University." Such 
self-denial indicates, that, however he may have indulged in youth- 
ful gayeties, and not thus have so closely applied himself to study- 
as he should, he still abstained from spending his substance in 
dissipation. About to leave the scene of his literary course, 
where the principles and character of young men pass through a 
fiery ordeal, and where, too often, they are destroyed or greatly 
injured in the trial, Peters took his way to London. There the 
covenant promise to his fathers was fulfilled in himself. There 
the arrow of revealed truth fastened upon his heart, and con- 
strained him to call on the Great Physician for healing mercy. 
His words, in reference to such experience, follow : " God struck 
me with the sense of my sinful estate, by a sermon I heard 
under Pauls. The text was The Burden of Dumah, and stuck 
fast." This important event in his religious life, occurred when 
he was about 23 years of age. He regarded it with all the seri- 
ousness, with which it is clad by the unerring wisdom of the 
Gospel. 

Granger mentions the gossip of envy, that after Peters left 
College, " he betook himself to the stage, where he acquired that 
gesticulation and bullbonery which he practised in the pulpit." 
The candid representation, which his Legacy gives of the manner, 
in which he spent his time in useful engagements, forbids the 
allowance of such a report. Indeed, it shows that his heart was 
turned to the Sanctuary, soon after he left College, instead of the 
Theatre. 

His mind being brought to dwell thus unusually on spiritual 
subjects, he retired to Essex. Here he was much assisted by 



1851.] Memoir of Hagh Peters, 11 

Thomas Hooker, in the solution of his doubts, the confirmation 
of his faith, and the increase of his hopes. What he had so 
learned to be of more worth, than all the treasures of earth, be- 
came the theme of his instructions to others. Thus, almost 
before he was aware, like the Apostle Paul, he found himself 
invested with the anxieties and encouragements of delivering to 
attentive audiences, the message of eternal life. Still he consid- 
ered himself not sufficiently prepared in his studies, for so high a 
calhng. He, therefore, decided to take up his abode in the me- 
tropolis. Before, however, he did this, he became attached to a 
lady, and, as he describes it, " married with a good genllewo- 
man." 

Having returned to London, he attended on the ministry of 
Gouge, Sibs and Davenport. His intention was, for the present, 
to be a learner and not a teacher of theology. But the importu- 
nity of friends was stronger than his purpose. Being licensed by 
Dr. Montaigne, Bishop of the same city, he yielded to their wishes. 
While he officiated at a certain place, a young man was much 
interested in him and his discourses, and made strenuous exer- 
tions to have him preach at St. Sepulchre's once a month. The 
person so energetic, gave, as an earnest of his sincerity, £30 a 
year for such an object. Success crowned his efforts, and he was 
highly gratified to hear Peters in the pulpit, where he wished to 
have him appointed. 

Here throngs listened to the fervid and impressive eloquence 
of Peters. Like the more modern Wesley and Whitefield, his 
popularity would soon draw together a multitude. His motive, 
like theirs, was not mere worldly applause. It was lighted and 
purified at the alter of Christian truth, and it raised his aspira- 
tions and modified his toils, so as to benefit his hearers in their 
spiritual and eternal interests. Under such influence, sanctified 
to them by the Spirit of grace, " above an hundred every week 
were pursuaded from sin to Christ." 

Thus borne along, Peters began to perceive, that every aspect 
was not bright and every way not smooth in his progress. Some 
looked on his career with envy, which exhibited itself in detrac- 
tion and resistance. His right purposes and benevolent actions 
were wrested from their true direction, and represented in the 
dark hues of iniquitous selfishness. Others were angry, that he 
declined strict conformity with the Rubric and Liturgy. Conver- 
sant with men, fike Davenport and Hooker, who afterwards be- 
came pillars of New England Congretionalism, he strongly de- 
sired and sought with them, for the reformation of what they 
deemed corruptions in the national Episcopacy. Of course, he 
was ranked with the Church Puritans, against whom James I. 
encouraged the Arminians and Papists, " who became a state 
faction against the old English Constitution." Such policy, in- 
tended by its promoters as their main dependance, ultimately 
proved as a broken staff. Before, however, its lack of wisdom 
and its essential weakness were sadly manifested. Laud, while 



12 Memoir of Hugh Peters, [Jan. 

in power, risked his reputation and station on its practice 
This Prehite was accustomed to remark of such preachers a^ 
Peters, "they were the most dangerous enemies of the State, 
because by their prayers and sermons they awakened the peo- 
ple's disafiection, and therefore must be suppressed." Brought 
into contact with the influences of such power, backed by the 
fullest support of the Crown, Peters was convinced, that he must 
either flee from it, or be crushed, as to his liberty and labors. 
Having concluded that duty required him, like many others, to 
give up all the endearments of native country, for a sojourn on 
foreign soil, he concluded to comply with the painful necessity. 
The particulars of the hard measure, he received from the hand 
of government, are scantily preserved. He modestly refers to it 
and briefly states it, " there, at St. Sepulchres, I had some 
trouble, who could not conform to all." 

Referring to himself and others, who left home and kindred 
for the unmolested enjoyment of their religion, he adds, "Truly my 
reason for myself and others to go was merely not to oflend au- 
thority in that diflerence of judgment, and had not the book for 
encouragement of Sports on the Sabbath come forth, many had 
staid." 

Brook informs us through Huntley, that Peters, while praying 
for the Queen in the same church, used the words, " that as she 
came into the Goshen of safety, so the light of Goshen might 
shine into her soul, and that she might not perish in the day of 
Christ." This was a suitable petition for her majesty, who was a 
strenuous Catholic, by one who professed and preached the Pro- 
testant faith. But, as the same authority relates, such an utterance 
of his desires reached the ears of Laud, who forbid the continuance 
of his ministry, had him committed to close confinement in New 
Prison, and kept him there " some time before any articles were 
exhibited against him. Though certain noblemen ofi'ered bail for 
him, it was refused." At length he was released. Such was the 
treatment, which led him to the conclusion already mentioned. 

While the law was brought to bear so heavily upon his per- 
son, the tongue of reproach wounded his spirit. Various writers 
have noticed the insinuation of Langbaine, that Peters had im- 
proper intimacy with the wife of one among his parishioners. 
Granger repeats the story, and says that in consequence of it 
" he fled to Rotterdam." Circumstances, strong as fact, with his 
own repeated denials, consign the accusation to the category of 
idle, if not malicious falsehood. At this very time, there is no 
appearance that his people had any belief of it ; that the noble- 
men who were anxious to free him from imprisonment put the 
last confidence in it; that the worthies, with whom he was ef- 
ficiently engaged in helping to colonize our territory, listened to 
it for a moment. And subsequently, there is not the least indi- 
cation, that the English, who became a Congi*egational Church 
under him, on the Continent; that his eminent colleagues there, 
Ames and Davenport; that his distinguished friend, Forbes; that 



1851.] Memoir of Hugh Peters. 13 

the authorities and people of Massachusetts ; that the men of 
high rank and character who were his firm patrons in his native 
kingdom ; and the Parliament, who placed in him the gi'eatest 
confidence, gave any credence to the story. Indeed, the many 
excellent persons, with whom he was most intimate, and whose 
enterprise for freedom, depended mainly on the purity of motive 
and example in themselves and associates, would have been 
the first to notice such a stain upon his character, had it existed, 
and to have withdrawn the hand and countenance of friendship 
from him, had he so forfeited their confidence. But the fact, that 
he pursued the straight course of obligation, as he believed it, 
and shared in their co-operation and support, is proof, that, how- 
ever political foes threw out hints to blacken his reputation, they 
esteemed him honest and upright in all his relations of life. The 
intimations, that he left his country to be rid of the trouble, re- 
sulting from such an accusation, is clearly without the least 
proof. The reason for his exchange of residence, as given by 
himself and others, was to escape the persecution, to which his 
principles of non-conformity continually exposed him. Besides, 
had he so done, when, by continual intercourse between London 
and the Low Countries, his character would have followed him 
wherever he went, it would have been absurd for him to attempt 
another eligible settlement in the ministry, and gain friends among 
the best and most respected. But he did succeed in these wor- 
thy objects, and the inference justly is, that his was not the flight 
of a scape-grace. When under sentence of death, and in view 
of the solemnities of speedy judgment before an Omniscient ar- 
biter, when solicitous that his motives and faith might bear the 
soul-searching scrutiny, a religious friend desired him to tell 
the truth on this very point. His hearty and serious reply was, 
" I bless the Lord I am wholly clear in that matter, and I never 
knew any woman but my own wife." In his dying counsels to 
his daughter, he adverted to the same matter and remarked, " By 
my zeal, it seems, I have exposed myself to all manner of re- 
proach." 

So situated, he was among many of the best men in England, 
who sympathized with the plans and endeavors of the Rev. John 
White, whose heart was set upon the preparation of a refuge in 
Massachusetts, for the troubled Puritans of his own country. 
Immediately after a Patent was obtained of the Council for New 
England, Peters was the first clergyman, who subscribed towards 
the funds for so needful and noble an enterprise. On this 
occasion, stirring to the hearts and hopes of those, who longed 
for a permanent abode, where all, tried like themselves, might 
enjoy their principles and forms of religion without molestation, 
he subscribed £50. The paper, for this purpose, was dated May, 
1628. It began with words of solemnity, " In the name of God, 
Amen," and contained the petition, " Whereunto the Almighty 
grant prosperous and happy success, that the same may redound 
to his glory and the propagation of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. 
9* 



14 Memoir of Ha gli Peters. [Jan 

On the 30th of the same month, (1) deeply interested in the 
emigration of Endicott and his company for so elevated an ob- 
ject, Peters unites with thirteen others, in signing his instructions 
for the government of the Colony, already under the direction of 
the estimable Conant. 

With his mind and heart on an undertaking, so congenial witli 
his wishes and sentiments, the circumstances, which called for -a 
removal, came to a crisis. He looked to Holland and New Eng- 
land as a field for his labor. The preponderance of present 
reasons favored the former. He went thither about the close of 

1628, to ascertain more fully what would be the prospect of his 
usefulness in the Low Countries. In the mean while, he had 
serious thoughts of emigrating hither with Higginson, Skelton, 
and other ministers, to aid in the great work of founding a relig- 
ious Commonwealth. He had returned to. London by May 11, 

1629, when he attended a Court of Assistants, who convened to 
hear the proposition of Oldham, relative to the Gorges Patent. 
This was embraced in the Charter of the Massachusetts Com- 
pany, and, as to the manner of its being granted, was sensible 
evidence of the design, entertained by the royal party of England, 
to overthrow the liberties of Congregationalism in New Plymouth, 
and to crush their buddings wherever else they might appear. On 
the 13th, he was also at the Court of Election for officers of the 
same Corporation. The nature of their purpose was too much in 
harmony with his own convictions of what tended to the best 
welfare of his race, to allow his absence from such conventions. 
To meet his calculation for the period between this time and his 
emigration to America, he must have returned soon to Plolland. 

So constrained to forsake the society of his countrymen, with 
whom he loved to take counsel and co-operate for the preservation 
and spread of Puritanism, then the butt of ridicule with courtiers, 
he still continued his ministrations of the Gospel. The cause of 
Christianity was precious to him in every clime and under all 
changes. He realized the fact, that such was the infinite wisdom 
of its doctrines, they were suited to the necessities of his race, 
whatever might be their temporal condition, either prosperous or 
adverse, either as friends or foes, acquaintances or strangers. He 
deeply felt, that the spiritual wants of all, with whom his lot was 
providentially cast, called for like sympathy, zeal, and exertion. 

Though a minute and extended acquaintance with the events 
of his newly chosen residence, is very desirable to the inquirers, 
who would follow him, yet they can discover but a few scattered 
facts in the pursuit. He himself, though associated with some 
among the most worthy and distinguished of his j^rofession, after 
specifying the years of his continuance, sententiously observes, 
that it was spent "not without the presence of God in my work." 

In the answer of John Paget, minister of Amsterdam, to the 
publication of Davenport, as given by Ilanbury, we have the 

(1) The date here is as Hutchinson has it, but Young's Massachusetts Chroni- 
cles, p. 135, give Sept. 13, which is a mistake. 



1851.] Memoir of Hugh Peters. 1 5 

ensuing passage : " For Mr. Peters, though at his first coming 
I gave some way, and opposed not such as sought to have him 
here, yet alter some time of his continuance in this country, when 
he was called and confirmed for Pastor of the EnHish church at 
Rotterdam ; when, after this, a new proposition was again made 
for calling him hither, I acknowledged that I did not consent unto 
it." He had previously declared, that he opposed the settlement 
of Ames and Forbes, because he disagreed with them on points of 
ecclesiastical order. It seemed that for a like cause, he was un- 
willing to favor the call of Peters in Amsterdam before and after 
his installation in Rotterdarn. 

Here Peters was colleague with the noted William Ames, who 
left a professorship at the University of Francker, to be united 
with him in Gospel labors, and who, like himself, was heartilv in- 
terested in the experiment of the New England colonists. He 
was an intimate friend of one, who had been made bishop by 
James, but was obliged, through difference in opinion with the 
Covenanters, to leave a divinity professorship at Aberdeen. In 
reference to such a connexion, his words were, " I lived near that 
famous Scotsman, Mr. John Forbes, with whom I travelled into 
Germany, and enjoyed his society in much love and sweetness 
constantly, from whom I received nothing but encouragement, 
though we differed in the way of our churches." Enjoying the 
confidence and aflection of his senior co-pastor, he was called, ere 
long, to be deprived of his advice and aid in the cure of souls. 
This event, which he sincerely lamented, took place Nov., 1633. 
Alluding to it, his language was, " The learned Amesius breathed 
his last into my bosom." For several months, and perhaps longer, 
before Hooker came to this country, in the same year, he assisted 
Ames, who was probably sick with the Asthma, to which he was 
subject, and thus was co-worker with Peters. By this means, 
Hooker and Peters renewed their former intimate friendship, and 
they with Ames, actuated by similar motives and purposes, were 
like a three fold cord, not easily broken. 

In the able preface of Hooker to the celebrated work of Ames, 
" A fresh suit against human ceremonies in God's worship," he 
rem^arked of himself, the two with whom he was so united, and 
others dispersed abroad from their mother country or suffering at 
home — " Consider how many poor Ministers are under pressure, 
some fled, some imprisoned, many suspended, themselves and 
families undone." As Hooker embarked for this land of spiritual 
promise to all of kindred sentiment, prior to the decej^se of Ames, 
Peters was severely tried by being deprived of their society, in the 
course of a short period. 

For nearly two years after the last of such bereavements, Peters 
faithfully discharged the duties of his high vocation. But to the 
interruption of his peaceable and beneficial labors, he perceived, 
that the influence of Bishop Laud, was increasingly extended, that 
the civil protection around his asylum, was not proof against the 
power of that Primate, whose room and library in part, were, in a 



16 Memoir of Hugh Peters. [Jan. 

way, not yet revealed to mortal ken, to become his own for a series 
of years. On this point, Winthrop informs us, while speaking of 
Peters, " Who being persecuted by the English ambassador, who 
would have brought his and other churches to the English discipline." 

Thvis renewedly, though alike tried as before, the heart of 
Peters was still with the American home of the Puritans. For 
years he had considered himself pledged to conform with the call 
of his friends in Massachusetts, whenever the necessities of the 
colonists should cry, " Come over and help us." This message 
having reached him, he felt relieved from obligation to toil in the 
old world for the advancement of the cause, which he hoped to 
promote, more fully and speedily, where it had not the long estab- 
lished opposition of Royalty and Prelacy, immediately to encounter. 
Not only was he desirous, that he might be instrumental in help- 
ing to keep the flame of reformation alive among the civilized, 
but also to spread its rays among the benighted Indians. This 
two-fold object was the common profession of all the leading 
clergy and laity, who combined their energies in the wise and 
beneficial design of erecting a reformed State and Church, on 
these shores. Peters observed, that in relation to it, his own 
views, desires, and intentions harmonized with those of " that 
good man, my dear, firm friend, Mr. White of Dorchester." 

So invited and sustained, he was deeply interested in every 
movement, which helped forward these objects in the western 
world. This very year. Lion Gardener, Engineer under the 
Prince of Orange in the Low Countries, " through the persuasion 
of Mr. John Davenport, Mr. Hugh Peters, and other well aflected 
Englishmen of Rotterdam," makes an agreement with the " fore- 
named Mr. Peters, for four years, to serve the patentees, namely 
the Lord Say, the Lord Brook," and others. Such a compact 
had reference to the settlement of Say brook at the mouth of the 
Connecticut, as another plantation chiefly for the spread of Gospel 
ordinances and influences. 1635. This year, Paget replied to a 
publication of Davenport, issued the year before, wlio had been his 
colleague in the ministry. The former, in remarking on the vari- 
ance of his opinion on some points from that of other theologians, 
used this language : " Mr. Peters hath by his practice declared his 
judgment, that it is lawful to communicate with the Brownists 
in their worship, and by his example hath strengthened divers 
members of our Church therein ; such as sundry of these com- 
plainants are, already too much addicted to resort unto the 
assembly of schismatics and to hear them ! " 

Doing in any direction what his hand found to do in the dis- 
charge of his obligations, Peters bid adieu to the diversified scene 
of his hopes and fears, consolations and trials, after " five or six 
years' " experience, and launched upon the ocean with his course 
directed hitherward. But being a marked man in the view of 
advocates for high church principles, they could not suffer him to 
depart in peace. Dr. Nichols, one of their champions, as quoted 
by Brook, represents that Peters was so unpopular, that he was 



1851.] Memoir of Hugh Peters. 17 

obliged to leave Rotterdam and seek for another sphere of occu- 
pation. The facts, however, that while in Massachusetts and 
subsequently in England, he was employed by the authorities to 
transact important business for them in Holland, because of his 
high repute and great influence there, shows that such a repre- 
sentation was the ofF-shoot of prejudice and not of truth. 

After the usual occurrences in crossing the Atlantic, Peters ar- 
rived at Boston, Oct. 6, 1635, with many passengers in the ships, 
Abigail and Defence. Several ministers, embarked in the like 
sacred enterprise, came with him, as John Wilson, who had been 
here before, and Samuel Shepard. Their plan, like moral obli- 
gation, was perfect, but they well knew their own deficiency in 
corresponding excellence to carry it out, and, therefore, their sup- 
plications were frequent and fervent to Him, who giveth strength 
to the weak and help to the needy. Among his descriptions, 
Johnson says, " This year came over the famous Hugh Peters, 
whose courage was not inferior to any of these transported ser- 
vants. 

With courage bold Peters, a Souldier stout, 
la Wildernesse for Christ beii'ins to war." 

With health some impaired and spirits usually buoyant, but 
occasionally much depressed, Peters was desirous to consult with 
the Elders here, face to face, and particularly as to his continuance 
in the country. He found the Colony in a condition of alarm, 
lest the government, at home, would fit out vessels of war for 
compelling them to surrender their charter, and also of perplex- 
ity from the opposition, made by Roger Williams and his friends 
against administering an oath of fidelity to the people, as a 
means of greater security. While in this attitude, he was far 
from folding his " hands to sleep." He divided his Sabbath labors 
between Boston and Salem. At the last Town, there had been 
much excitement and trouble in the Church, concerning the la- 
mentable case of Williams, who was still there under sen- 
tence of banishment, and had withdrawn from worshipping 
with his parish. On this account, the ministrations of Peters had 
need of prudence consistent with truth, and without offence to 
minds, which were still chafed by disagreement on the points of 
their recent controversy. 

From this quarter his attention was summoned to another. 
He signs with Winthrop and Henry Vane, as agents for Lords 
Say, Brook and associates, who were strong supporters of the 
Puritan cause, — an address to the emigrants, who had gone 
from the Bay to Connecticut and located themselves on the Pa- 
tent, claimed by such noblemen and the rest of their company. 
The intent of the communication was to ascertain from the set- 
tlers, how they purposed to act with respect to the government, 
appointed by those proprietors. 

The next month after Peters' arrival, he is mentioned by Win- 
throp, as active to free the colonists from impositions in trafiick 
with " seamen and others." Such caution had reference to im- 



18 Memoir of Hugh Peters. [Jan. 

ported goods, especially out-fits for the fishery. In the practice 
of" it, Peters '^ moved the country to raise a stock." Under Janu- 
ary of 1636, his success in this undertaking is described by 
Winthrop. He labored " publicly and privately, procured a good 
sum of money, and wrote into England to raise as much more. 
The intent was to set up a magazine of all provisions and other 
necessaries for fishing, that men might have things at hand for 
reasonable prices." Does the question here arise, why should he 
so meddle with worldly affairs ? The reply is, that then what- 
ever rightly tended to promote the temporal welfare of the 
Commonwealth, also aided to advance its spiritual interests, and 
was therefore considered laudible in the clergy as well as in the 
laity. Under such circumstances, the end consecrated the neces- 
sary means. 18th. Several of the principal men, as Haynes, the 
Governor, Bellingham, his Deputy, Cotton, Hooker and Wil- 
son, having been invited by Peters and Henry Vane to meet 
them in Boston, are now accordingly convened. The occasion of 
this assemblage was to take measnres for the suppression of a 
factious spirit, which prevailed, to some extent, among the people, 
and to settle a difference between Dudley and Winthrop. The 
latter object was speedily accomplished. With respect to the 
former, they make arrangements to rectify supposed faults in the 
past administration of Colonial affairs. Such advisers, with 
conscientious intentions to compass the end of their emigi'ation, 
separated with the peaceful reflection, that they had consulted 
and decided in compliance with the dictates of their responsi- 
bility. 

April 12. There being great scarcity of provisions, and the Char- 
ity from Dartmouth having arrived with supplies, they were 
purchased by Peters for the Towns, which suffered for the lack of 
them, at a great reduction from the usual excessive rates, demand- 
ed by the coast-traders. Such a labor of love for the public, was 
noticed with high appreciation. 

Variously active as the wants of the Colony required, Peters 
was made partaker in part of the trials, which still betided the 
Salem Church, as the consequence of troubles with Williams. 
The last of these persons left some of his friends, who believed 
with him, that it was wrong even to attend on Episcopal wor- 
ship in England, and to commune with those who did so when 
there, unless they reformed in their opinion and practice. This 
subject was left to the advice of Elders in other churches, who 
disapproved of such a position, though they commended tolera- 
tion to its supporters while they walked orderly. 

May 15. In a discourse before the Congregation of Boston, 
Peters made several requests of them. That they would release 
their Teacher, Cotton, for a season, that he might give marginal 
notes on the difficult passages of the Bible ; " that a new book 
of martyrs might be made, to begin where the other had left ; 
that a form of church government might be drawn according to 
the Scriptures ;" that they would take steps to advance industrial 



1851.] Memoir of Hugh Peters. 19 

employments, especially in winter, among a portion of the colo- 
nists, whose omission of it threatened great injury to the " Church 
and Commonwealth." 

May 25. With Vane, Winthrop, and other laymen, Coiton and 
Shepard, elders, Peters was requested by the General Court " to 
make a draught of laws agreeable to the Word of God, which 
may be fundamentals of this Commonwealth." In consequence 
of this movement, probably accelerated by the suggestion of 
Peters, Cotton produced " Moses his Judicials." 

June. Peters sets out in company with Fenwick and others, 
on horseback, for the Patent of Lords Say, Brook, and associates. 
He had previously manifested his earnest wish for the furtherance 
of this newly settled Plantation. Owing to its weak and exposed 
condition, he and his friends promised to use their influence for 
the prevention of threatened war with the Pequods. 

July 9. "Many ships lying at Natascott to set sail," he, desi- 
rous that the crews might hear the Gospel, went down and 
preached on board of the Hector. The commander of this ves- 
sel and others prevailed on Governor Vane to have the king's 
colors displayed on the Castle, though the colonists considered its 
cross as an idolatrous emblem. The fleet being still wind-bound, 
Peters tarried and spent the Sabbath with them in its appropriate 
duties. Wherever he perceived the most need of Christian in- 
struction, he laid aside formalities and self-convenience, so that 
he might give it and so clear himself of conscious neglect. 

Dec. 7. The controversy, occasioned by the speculations of 
Mrs. Ann Hutchinson, came before the Legislature. It had 
drawn in Peters, as among the chief Elders, who anxiously 
watched its progress and strove to counteract its tendency. They 
had recently met and drawn up questions for Cotton, who, at first, 
favored her opinions. Being assured of this. Vane, who also ad- 
vocated her cause, was disturbed, that he had not been advised of 
such a movement, and expressed himself accordingly. Peters re- 
plied, that it saddened the feelings of the ministers, while so in 
the discharge of what they deemed their obligation, that he should 
exhibit a jealousy of them and an inclination to abridge their 
liberty. Vane manfully apologized. Peters besought him, in 
view of his youth and short experience in the course of religion, 
to beware of hasty conclusions and measures. While these men 
of true worth, were so brought into temporary collision, their per- 
ception was unable to look through the veil of the future, and 
behold themselves perseveringly agreed in the support of freedom, 
at the hazard and final cost of their lives. Dec. 21. Having 
preached to great acceptance with the Salem Congregation, Pe- 
ters became their pastor. No other minister's influence and 
labors in the Colony now equalled his, for Cotton's were in a 
short eclipse, through his leniency for the doctrines of Mrs. Hutch- 
inson. As an assistant in his pastoral duties, Peters had George 
Burdet, popular for his talents, learning, and eloquence. The lat- 
ter was employed at Salem in the year of the former's arrival, 
and continued there to the summer of 1637, but going soon after 



20 Memoir of Hugh Peters, [Jan. 

to the eastward, he was discovered at York, 1639, as holding cor- 
respondence with Laud and others of the Lords Commissioners, 
in which he asserted, that Massachusetts aimed more at indepen- 
dence of the Crown, than reformation in ecclesiastical government. 

1637, Jan. 19. The church of PeterSj like the rest in the Juris- 
diction, keep a fast-day, because of the distresses endured by- 
Protestants in Germany, as the result of victories gained by the 
Imperialists ; of the sufferings inflicted on ministers in England, 
whose conscientious scruples kept them from reading the Book 
of Sabbath sports; and of the religious discussions among the 
people here. 

Aug. 30. At the Synod, convened at Newton, Peters was 
present with others of the Country. A main design with them 
was to collect the prevalent opinions, which they considered WTong 
and injurious, as well as to devise means for the suppression of 
animosity, which existed between the Legalists and Antinomians, 
so termed by each other. Of such opinions " about eighty-two 
w^ere condemned by the whole Assembly." 

Nov. 2. The expectation, which had been generally indulged, 
that the measures of the Synod would induce Mrs. Hutchinson 
and her brother-in-law. Wheelwright, to discontinue exertions for 
the spread of their creed, was disappointed. Hence, the General 
Court, being in session, arraigned both of them. After they had 
banished him for expressions in his sermon, which they construed 
as promotive of insurrection, they summoned her to answer. 
With accustomed ability she sustained a long and searching 
trial. Peters, as one of a committee, who waited on her to learn 
the principles, she really cherished, was an important witness. 
He stated his lothfulness to testify, unless required by the Court. 
On the Governor's intimation, that he should proceed, he remark- 
ed " We shall give you a fair account of what was said, and 
desire that we may not be thought informers against the gentle- 
woman." He went on to relate, that he and others called on Mr. 
Cotton concerning the reports of what Mrs. Hutchinson had 
said about the Elders. " So going on in the discourse, we 
thought it good to send for this gentlewoman, and she willingly 
came. I did then take upon me to ask her this question : What 
difference do you conceive to be between your Teacher and us ? 
She answered that he preaches the covenant of grace and you 
the covenant of works, and you know no more than the Apostles 
did before the resurrection of Christ." She made some expla- 
nations, but they did not satisfy the Court. The conclusion was, 
that this Body felt themselves called to decide, that she should be 
banished from their jurisdiction, so soon as the weather would 
permit. The reason for such painful severity was stated by 
Winthrop ; as to her and some of her prominent supporters, " the 
General Court finding, upon consultation, that two so opposite 
parties could not contain (continue) in the same body, without 
apparent hazard of ruin to the whole, agreed to send away some 
of the principal." 

[To he continued.'] 



1851.] Stoddard^ 8 Journal. 21 



STODDARD'S JOURNAL. 

The following important document has not, it is believed, been 
before printed. Even that it existed was probably known but to 
few. It has been furnished for the Register by Sylvester Judd, 
Esq., of Northampton, accompanied by a letter containing some 
valuable notes relative to it, which will be found of much inter- 
est, both in a genealogical and historical point of view. The 
other introductory matter which follows will be found duly cred- 
ited. It may be proper to remark that the journal is printed from 
the original manuscript, which Mr. Judd observes, is in the hand- 
writing of Capt. Stoddard. 

Mr. Judd, in his letter, remarks ; — " You will notice in it, many 
times, the name of Madam Le Beau. This woman was a 
daughter of Richard Otis, of Dover, N. H. He was killed there 
when that place was destroyed [by the Indians] in 1689, and his 
wife and this [then] infant daughter were carried to Canada. 
The daughter remained in Canada until 1714, when she returned 
[to New England] with Messrs. Stoddard and Williams. She 
had married a Frenchman and had two or three children, but he 
died about 1713. She was not permitted to bring her children 
with her. About 1715, she married Capt. Thomas Baker, a 
native of Northampton, and they resided in Brookfield until 
1733, when they removed to Dover. Their descendants are 
many in that vicinity, as I am informed. Among them is Hon. 
John Wentworth, Member of Congress, from Illinois. She 
seems to have been named Christine by the French, but after she 
returned and married, she is named Margaret here [at Northamp- 
ton] and at Brookfield ; yet it is said that she wrote her name 
Christine after she removed to Dover. I presume that Margaret 
was her original name at Dover ; I notice that she had an aunt 
Margaret. 

" This Mrs. Baker alias Madam Le Beau, alias — ? — Otis, is 
the woman whose change from the Romish to the Protestant 
faith, brought forth a letter from a Priest, and a reply from Gov- 
ernor Burnet. These are extant in print.* 

" Capt. Thomas Baker, a son of Timothy Baker, of Northamp- 
ton, and a grandson of Edward Baker, of Lynn, went with 
Messrs. Stoddard and Williams to Canada, and his name 
appears several times in the Journal. He had been a captive 
among the Indians, having been taken at Deerfield, on the 29th 
of February, 1704, and carried to Canada, but from whom he 
contrived to escape in 1705. In April, 1712, he, at the head of 
thirty-two men, went up the Connecticut, and turning towards 
the Merrimack, surprised a party of Indians near the confluence 
of a stream, since called Baker's river, and the Pemigewasset, and 
killed one, two, or more of them, and took considerable plun- 

* Concerning this lady, her captivity, descendants, and singular fortune, we under- 
stand Mr. Horatio N. Otis is preparing to give an account. 

3 



22 Stoddard^s JournaL [Jan. 

der. They then came down through the woods to Dunstable, 
and to Boston, to get pay for their exploit, as may be seen by 
the Journal of the General Court. An account of this affair is 
published in the New Hampshire Historical Collections [by 
Farmer and Moore, Vol. I., page 127, and Vol. HI., page 100,] 
but the exploit is erroneously placed "about the year 1720 ;" at 
least, it is so placed in a note to a recent edition of Penhallow's* 
History, which is credited to the N. H. Collections. 

" John Carter.) mentioned in the Journal, was a son of Samuel 
Carter, of Deerfield, and was taken on the 29th of February, 
1704. He never returned. 

" William Bolttvood, whose death is mentioned in the last para- 
graph, was a son of Samuel Boltwood, of Hadley. His father 
and his brother Robert were both slain in the fight in Deerfield 
meadow, on the same day. It is not known when William w^as 
taken and earned to Canada. 

" Ehenezer Nims^ mentioned in the Journal, was taken at Deer- 
field, 29th of February, 1704, also Ehenezer Stehbins.'' 

It may not be thought improper, in this connection, to give a 
brief account of Capt. Stoddard, therefore the following brief 
extract concerning him is taken from Dr. Dwight's " Travels 
in New England," &c., which will be found in the first volume, 
commencing on page 331. 

" The Hon. John Stoddard was son of the Rev. Solomon Stod- 
dard, second minister of Northampton, and was born about the 
year 1681 ; and was educated, as his father had been, at Harvard 
College. As he was of a grave, reserved disposition, he was not 
believed to possess any peculiar talents, until he began to appear 
in public life. FroiTi that time he grew rapidly into high estima- 
tion. In the year 1713, he was sent as a Commissary to Quebec, 
to negotiate the redemption of prisoners taken from New Eng- 
land. This delicate and very important commission he executed 
in such a manner, as to recommend himself highly to the Gover- 
nor of Canada, and to produce a general satisfaction throughout 
his own country. His influence, derived from his unquestionable 
integrity, from patriotism, arfd pre-eminent wisdom, was, for 
many years, without a rival in his native province. Governor 
Hutchinson says, that " he shone only in great affairs ;" while 
" inferior matters were frequently carried against his mind by the 
little arts and crafts of minute Politicians, which he disdained to 
defeat by counter-working." His political principles were con- 

* Penhallow's " History of the Wars of New England with the Eastern Indians," 
&c., referred to above as ''a recent edition," is that reprint of it, with notes, by the 
N. H. Historical Society. It is the first article in the first volume. And here it may 
be well to state, that much confusion and perplexity has been cxj^crienccd from refer- 
ences to the " N. H. Hist. Cols.," which may be avoided by considering that there are 
two distinct sets of those Collections. The first, in order of time, is that by Farmer 
^ Moore, consisting of three volumes ; and that by the New Hampshire Historical 
Society, extending now to six volumes. Though often referred to as though there 
were but one set or series, yet the titles are very different. That by Farmer <f" Moore is 
entitled " Collections, Historical and Miscellaneous^ &c., and that by the N.H. Historical 
Society, " Collections of the N. II. Historical Society" &c. — Editor. 



1851.] Stoddard's Journal. 23 

sidered by some persons as too rigid. Yet, as the same respect- 
able writer observes, " few men have been more generally 
esteemed. No man in Massachusetts Bay, possessed the same 
weight of character during the last twenty years of his life ; and 
it may be said, almost literally, that ' after him nun spake not 
again.'' The following anecdote strongly illustrates the truth of 
these observations. Once, when Governor Shirley had a party 
dining with him, a servant came into the room, and informed the 
Governor that a gentleman at the gate wished to speak with 
him. ^ Ask the gentleman to come in,' said the Governor. 'I 
did, sir,' said the servant, ' but he said that he could not stay.' 
The company were not a little surprised, nor less indignant, at 
behavior, which they thought so disrespectful to the Chief Mag- 
istrate. ' What is the gentleman's name ? ' said the Governor. 
^ I think he told, me,' said the servant, ' that his name was Stod- 
dard.' ^ Is it ? ' said the Governor. * Excuse me, gentlemen ; if 
it is Colonel Stoddard, I must go to him.' Probably no man 
understood equally well the affairs and interests of the Colonies ; 
particularly of Massachusetts Bay. In his native town, and 
county, he was greatly beloved, both for his public and private 
virtues; particularly for his piety and beneficence. The civil and 
military concerns of this County, then a frontier, were for a long 
time under his supreme control ; and were managed with admir- 
able skill and success. Once he was very near being killed by 
an ambush of savages, who leiy in wait for him at a farm which 
he had about a mile west of Northampton. One of his laborers 
was, I believe, slain ; but he, with the rest, escaped. He died at 
Boston, June the 19th, 1748, in the 67th year of his age. In a 
sermon which President Edwards preached on his death, a very 
]high and honorable character is given of him." 

Before commencing the "Journal" it is proposed to give a 

genealogical sketch of the ancestors of Capt. Stoddard, from 

the original emigrant down to him, and also a brief account of 

his immediate family. For this part of (nir introductory matter 

we are mainly indebted to "A Geiiealogy of the Family of 

Anthony Stoddard, of Boston," printed in 1849 ; but for whom 

,or by whom, the work itself does not inform its reader. 

il) Anthony Stoddard^* came to New England in 1639 and 

.settled in Boston, wliere he d. 15 Mar. 1686 — 7. He m. 1st. 

/ Mary, dau. of Emanuel Boivmng., of Salem, sister of Sir Georg'^ 

I Downing, by whom he had three sons. He m. 2d. Barbara^ 

i widow of Capt. Joseph Weld, of Roxbury, by whom he had two 

! children. She died about 1654, and ht^ m. 3d. Christian , 

about 1655, and had by her nine children, in all fourteen children. 
; Those whose descendants are given, follow : 
(2) I. Solomon,2 b. 4 Oct. 1643, grad. H. C. 1662, settled in 
(4) 

* There was a John St odder at Hingham in IG.'JS, whose name, says Mr. Lin- 
coln, was often written Stoddard. There was living in that town, in 1736,^ 
Daniel Stoddar, a<^ed 103 years, on the twenty-ninth of September of that year. — Old 
Paper. 



24 Stoddard^s Journal. [Jan. 

Northampton, as before stated. His wife was Mrs. Esther^ 
widow of Rev. Eleazer Mather^ his predecessor in the ministry at 
Northampton, who was dan. of the Rev. John Wareham, of 
Windsor, Ct. He died 11 Feb., 1729, se. 86, and his wife, 10 
Feb. 1736, ffi. 92. 

(3) Samson- b. 3 Dec. 1645. He mamed, but the name of his 
wife does not appear. By her he had one son, Samson, who 
grad. H. C. 1701, was a minister, and settled in Chelmsford. 
This son likewise had a son, Samson, who grad. H. C. 1730, and 
he had two sons, Samson, who grad. H. C. 1763, and Vryling, 
who grad. H. C. 1765, and three daus., one of whom m. 

Wilder, one White, and one Rev. Dr. Hopkins, of Had ley. 

(4) Simeon'^ b. about 1650. He was thrice married. The name 
(13) of his 1st. wife, by whom he had all his children, is not given 
in the genealogy. Her death is recorded, 13 Aug. 1708. He m. 
2d. Elizabeth, widow of Col. Samuel Shrimpton, 31 May, 1709, 
who d. 13 April, 1713. His 3d. and last wife was Mehitahle, 
widow of Hon. Peter Sargent, and neiece of Gov. Stoughton. 
This is according to the printed genealogy, but in a notice of her 
death published in a paper of the time, it is stated that she died 
23 Sept., 1738, and that she was " mother to the Rev. Mr. Cooper, 
one of the ministers of Boston." 

The death of Mr. Stoddard is thus noticed in the papers : 
" On Thursday morning last, [15 Oct., 1730,] died here [in Bos- 
ton,] the Honorable Simeon Stoddard, Esquire, formerly of His 
Majesty's Council of this Province, in the 80th year of his age." 
Solomon- (2) who m. widow Esther Mather, had, 

(5) I. Mary^ b. 9 Jan. 1671, m. 2 Oct., 1695, Rev. Stephen Mix, 
who grad. H. C. 1690, and was a minister at Wethers- 
field, Ct. 

(6) XL Esther^ b. 2 June, 1672, d. 19 June, 1770. She m. Rev. 

Timothy Edivards, minister in East Windsor, Ct. 

(7) III. SamueP, b. 5 Feb., 1674, d. 22 Mar. 1674. 

(8) IV. Anthony^ b. 6 June, 1675, d. 7 June, 1675. 

(9) V. Aaron\ b. 23 Aug. 1676, d. 23 Aug., 1676. 

(10) VI. Christina\ b. 23 Aug. 1676, d. 23 April, 1764. She m. 
Rev. Wdliam Williams, minister of Hatfield. 

(11) VII. Anthony^ b. 9 Aug., 1678, d. 6 Sept., 1760. He grad. 
(18) H. C, 1697, was a preacher in Woodbury, Ct., 60 years. 

His 1st. wife was Prudence Wells, whom he m. in 1701. 
She d. in May, 1714. He m. 2d. Mary Sherman, 31 Jan., 
who d. 12 Jan., 1720. He had 11 children. 

(12) VIII. Sarah^ b. 1 April, 1680, m. Rev. Samuel Whitman, 
minister at Farmington, Ct. They had a dau. Sarah, m. to 
Rev. J. Trumbull; Elizabeth, u^. to Rev. Thomas Strong, of 
New Marlborough ; and 3 sons. 

(13) IX. John\ b. 17^ Feb., 1682, d. 19 June, 1748. This is the 
gentleman who was the author of the "JOURNAL." He 
m. Prudence Chester, of Wethersfield, Ct., 13 Dec, 1713. 
She was b. 4 March, 1699, d. 11 Sept., 1780, ae. 81. 



1851.] StoddarcTs Journal. 



k 



Simeon^ (4) who had for his 2d, wife, the widow" Slirunfton^ had, 

(14) I. Mary3, b. 20 May, 1676. 

(15) II. Anthony^ b. 24 Sept., 1678, grad. H. C, 1697 ; " applied 
himself to merchandize ; went to England in 1701, and re- 
turned the next spring. In May, 1705, he m. Mrs. [Miss] Martha 
Belcher^ youngest dau. of Hon. Andrew Belcher, Esq., and sister 
of Governor [Jonathan] Belcher. He d. here on Friday, March 
11th, 1748, and she d. on the same day of the month forego- 
ing."— J5os^(?n Gazette, l^th, and 22 March, 1748. Their children 
were Martha, Simeon, grad. H. C, 1726, and Anthony. 

(16) HI. Elizabeth^ b. 15 Feb., 1680, d. 25 June, 1757, ae. 77. 

(17) IV. Simeon^ b. 20 Oct., 1682, murdered in England, in 1706. 

(18) V. David\ b. 5 Dec. 1685, m. Elizabeh, grand-dau. of Col. 
Samuel Shrimiyton, 23 Dec. 1713. His dau. Sarah, m. Elder 

Thomas Greenough ; Mehitabel, m. William Hyslop, Mary, m. 
Rev. Charles Chauncey, D. D. 

Of the other children of the family of (Simeon^ (4) ) we have 
not the particulars. 

Anthony^ who m. Prudence Wells, had, 

(19) I. Mary4 b. 19 June, 1702. 

(20) II. Solomon* b. 12 Oct., 1703, d. at Woodbury, " of the 
Great Fever," 23 May, 1727. 

(21) HI. Eliakim*, b. 3 April, 1705, m. Joanna Curtis, resided in 
Woobury, d. 1750. 

(22) IV. Elisha^ b. 24 Nov., 1706, m. Rehehah Sherman, d. in 
Woodbury, 1766. 

(23) V. Israel^ b. 7 Aug. 1708, d. 30 May, 1727. 

(24) VI. John^ b. 2 March, 1710. 

(25) VII. Prudence^ b. 12 October, 1711. 

(26) VIII. Gideon^ b. 27 May, 1714, m. Olive Curtis, 1734, re^ 
sided in Woodbury. 

(27) IX. Esther^ b. 11 Oct., 1716, m. Preserved Strong, and had 
children, Solomon, John, Uriel, Anthony, and Esther. 

(28) X. Abijah^ b. 28 Feb., 1718, m. Eunice Curtis, 4 April, 
1739, resided in Woodbury. 

(29) XL Elizabeth^ b. 15 Nov., 1719, m. Daniel Munn ; had one 
child, Elizabeth^, m. to Lewis Beers. 

John^ (13) of Northampton, Colonel, &c., who m. Prudence 
Chester, had, 

(30) Mary^ b. 27 Nov., 1732, d. 12 July, 1812, in her 80th year. 
She m. Col. John Worthington, of Springfield. He was a 

grad. of Yale, 1740, high sheriff previous to the American Revo- 
lution. She was his 2d. wife. 

(31) II. Prudences b. 28 May, 1734, m. Ezekiel Williams, of 
Wethersfield, Ct., 6 Nov., 17'60. He was many years High 

Sheriff for the County of Hartford. Their dau. Emily, m. Sam- 
uel W. Williams, who grad. Yale, 1772, and 6 daus. and 4 sons ; 
their son, John, grad. Yale, 1781, m. Sophia Worthington; dau. 
Harriet, m. Rev. Dr. Parsons, minister of Amherst, Mass.; Ezekiel 
grad. Yale, 1785, m. Abigail Ellsworth, of Windsor ; dau. Prw- 

3* 



26 Stoddard^s Journal. [Jan. 

dence^ m. Rev. Mr. Hoivard^ of Springfield ; Mary m. John Salter, 
of Mansfield, a grad. of Yale, 1788 ; son, Thomas Scott, grad. 
Yale, 1794, m. Delia Ellsworth, of Windsor, 2dly. Martha M, 
Coit ; son, Samuel Porter, grad. Yale, 1796, m. Mary H. Wehh, 
and afterwards, Sarah Tyler, lived in Mansfield and afterwards in 
Newbury port. 

(32) III. Solomon* b. 29 May, 1736, d. 19 Dec, 1827. He grad. 
Yale, 1756, m. Martha Partridge, of Hatfield, 21 Nov., 1765, 

by whom he had three children. She d. 20 Oct., 1772, se. 33 ; 
and he m. 2d. Eunice Parsons, of Amherst ; by her he had also 
three children ; she d. 22 Jan., 1797. He lived in Northampton, 
and was for some time High Sheriff of Hampshire county. 

(33) IV. Israel, b. 28 April, 1741, d. 27 June, 1782. He grad. 
at Yale, 1750, m. Eunice Williams, of Hatfield, resided in 
Pittsfield, and was High Sheriff" of Berkshire county. 

(34) V. Hannahs b. 13 October, 1742, d. 1 August, 1743. 

Here it is proposed to discontinue the Genealogy, which, at 
some future time, it is hoped will be continued and perfected in 
a manner worthy of the distinguished family of Stoddard. 

JOHN WILLIAMS, named in the Commission, was no other 
than the famous " Redeemed Captive,^'' who, according to his able 
and accomplished biographer, accompanied Capt. Stoddard as 
Chaplain. He must have been of great service in the negotia- 
tions, as he had been among the enemy in the late war, and had 
a good knowledge of the situation of affairs, as well as localities 
in Canada ; and, at the same time, he doubtless was in great 
hopes to obtain his own daughter, still among the Indians in that 
country. 

JOURNAL. 

A Journal of a Negotiation between the Marquis de Vaudreuil, Governor- 
General of Canada, and John Stoddard and John Williams, Messen- 
gers, commissioned by His Excellency, Joseph Dudley, Esq., Captain- 
General and Governor of Her Majesty's Government of the Massachu- 
setts, S^c, in New England, 

Having received our letters Credential, our Passport and Instructions, 
we departed from Boston, November 5, 1713, and on the Otli we came to 
N. Hampton. On the 13th we set forward towards Albany, taking with 
us Capt. Thomas Baker, and Martin Kellog, our Interpreter, and two 
other attendants, viz : Eleazer Warner, and Jonathan Smith. The same 
day we came to Westfield. The 14th, we took with us two other men for 
our guides to Albany, and to bring back our horses, and travelled about 
thirty miles. 15th we arrived at Kenderhook, and the 16th at Albany, 
where we were treated with great courtesy. 17th, the Commissioners 
met, and assured us they would afford all possible assistance. The river 
being full of ice, it was judged best to send for some active Indians, and 
propose to them whether they would undertake to provide us with canoes 
at the Lake Champlain, or at the Lake Point Sacrament, and thence to 
convey us safe to Canada, but on the ISth we were informed of two 
friendly Indians bound for Canada, that had with them a large canoe, and 
in probability were shut up about forty or fifty miles above Albany, so 






1851.] Stoddard^ 8 Journal. 27 

we, according to our advice, sent our Interpreter and a Dutchman to call 
them back. They went from Albany the 19th, in the morning, when it 
proved moist and warm weather, and there was a prospect that the river 
would clear itself of ice. 21st, the men returned without finding the 
Indians, giving an account that the ice rendered the river impassable. 
The 23d, the Commissioners met and determined that the journey was 
at present impracticable. 24th, we sent back our horses. 27th, the Com- 
missioners met and hired an Indian to be one of our guides to Canada ; 
he indented with another to accompany him, which Indians were ordered 
to Woodcreek to hunt for provisions, and to bring us an account what 
condition the Lake was in. 

We being informed that Hendrick (the chief of the Cahnainghas,) had 
great influence on the Cagnawaga Indians, and was likely to be very 
serviceable to our design, therefore, according to our advice from Col. 
Schuyler, we sent for him (on the 2r)th December,) and agreed with him 
to go with us, he having satisfied us that he would improve his interest for 
the deliverance of our English prisoners at Cagnawaga. We thought to 
have undertaken our journey by the 31st, but the weather for many days 
proving yerj soft, that the ice in many places brake through, so that we 
were necessitated to defer our journey. January 11th, it proved cold, but 
soon after very soft weather again., 13th, Apawmet, one of our guides, 
returned and acquainted us that he was informed by five several Indians 
that the Lake was not frozen, and that on tlie river there was much water, 
and depth of snow upon it, and the ice very defective, loth, the Com- 
missioners met, and thought it not advisable for us to take our journey, 
but that we should tarry ten days, unless the weather should greatly favor 
us. 22d, we set from Albany, several Gentlemen accompanying us. We 
went that day to Col. John Schuyler's farm, about nine miles from 
Albany. 23d, we went to Scautacook and four miles beyond — day's 
journey, eighteen miles. 24th, we passed Saratoga five miles — day's 
journey, fourteen miles. On the latter part of the day it snowed hard. 
25th, we lay still, and so on the 26th, till noon, then travelled ten miles, 
passing Fort Nicholson one mile. 27th, we passed Fort Anne four miles 
— day's travel, fifteen miles. 28th, vre travelled down Woodcreek and 
seven miles on the drowned lands — day's travel, nineteen miles. 29th, 
we lay still, it having snowed most of the day before and part of this. 
30th, we marched in snow shoes, arrived at Kenderover, eighteen miles. 
31st, we passed Cryn Point about four miles — day's travel, twenty 
miles. February 1st, we lay still. 2d, we marched about twelve miles, 
and then found the Lake open ; thence we were necessitated to travel by 
land, and cross bays — day's travel, fifteen miles. 3d, we marched fifteen 
miles. 4th, we travelled about fourteen miles, and then took the Lake 
about three miles from Wenoskeek, and thence marched between the 
Great Island and the East shore — day's travel, twenty miles. 5 th, we 
lay still. It snowed hard all day. 6th, we travelled twenty miles. 7th, 
we travelled twenty miles. 8th, we travelled twenty-four miles and came 
to Chamblee. 9th, Mr. Longuille sent a carryall for us, which carried us to 
Montreal. We tarried there 10th and 11th. Mr. Longuille provided for 
us two carryalls, in which Mr. Williams and I, with our Interpreter and 
one man more, set forward toward Quebec, on the 12th, having left our 
other men at Montreal. That day we passed Longuille, Port de Tram- 
ble, Long Point, De Arpontice, and lodged at Le Voltre, called nine 
leagues. 13th, we almost passed the Lake St. Francis ; — went thirteen 
leagues. The 14th, we passed Trois Rivers, Champlain, Babiscant, and 
lodged at St. Anns, twelve leagues. 14th, we passed Plattoon, and 



28 Stoddard^ s Journal. [Jan. 

lodged at Point Do Tramble, thirteen leagues. 16th, we arrived at Que- 
bec, seven leagues. AVe waited on the Governor and Lord Intendant, 
and then retired to our lodging. 17th, the weather being extremely bois- 
terous, we went not out till afternoon ; then waited on Mr. De Vaudreuil, 
showed our commission, delivered our letters, and said that the war, long 
since commenced, and for many years continued, between Her Britanic 
Majesty and the most Christian King, was at length happily terminated 
by the conclusion of a peace between these two Crowns, in the articles of 
which peace, it is stipulated and agreed, that all persons taken in war, 
without distinction, should be discharged and set at liberty ; during which 
war, divers persons have been taken from the several governments in 
New England, and some from the adjacent parts, and brought hither by 
the French or Indians, which, according to the Articles, ought to be set at 
liberty ; and not only so, but, at the motion of Her Britanic Majesty, 
the King of France did, during the time of war, give order for the release 
of divers prisoners named in a list enclosed in the King's letter, and that 
liis Excellency, Governor Dudley, had appointed Mr. Williams and my- 
self, and given us his letters Credential, with orders to demand all prison- 
ers whomsoever ; and his Lordship was a man of that honor and justice, 
that we assured ourselves he would readily comply with our demand, and 
whatsoever we should afterwards reasonably challenge. 

Governor Vaudreuil assured as that all prisoners should have free lib- 
erty to return — and that those that would go should have his blessing — 
and that we might use all freedom with them — and that we might go to 
them, or send for them to our lodging — and that we should have free 
speech with the religious. IDth, the Governor told us that he understood 
that a French Gentleman had hid an English boy, which he ordered 
to be brought back again. 21st, we sent the following letter by our Inter- 
preter : 

Quebec, February 21, 1713. 

Sir — We cannot (without injustice,) neglect the acknowledgment of the 
honor and respect that hath been shown us by all the King's Olficers since 
our arrival in this country, and particularly the good treatment we have had 
since we have had the honor to wait on your Lordship, who we find a man 
of that honor and justice, as highly to deserve the good character you have 
obtained, and whose goodness hath made such an impression upon us that 
we shall always reflect thereupon witli valuable thoughts of your person. 
But there are some of your people, which, (we think) ought to be laid 
under some restraint. One of the laity told us (this day) that he would 
do whatever he could to prevent a certain prisoner's return. There are 
likewise some priests, who, not being content with the endeavors they 
have used with the prisoners for many years during the war, do now make 
it their business to go from house to house to solicit our people to tarry in 
this country. Some they endeavor to terrify by suggesting their danger 
of perdition ; some they threaten to take from them their effects, wives, 
and children ; which practice of theirs appears to us as barbarous and 
inhuman, and like that which was very highly resented by the Governor 
(if we mistake not the place) of the Castle of Denand, who, upon the 
complaint of a British Ofhcer, that the Priest did practice with the prison- 
ers to proselyte them, the Governor did thereupon reprimand him, and 
threaten him with severity, in case he ever did the like, thinking it 
enough for the people to suffer imprisonment, and not to be vexed and dis- 
quieted about their religion. We doubt not but your lordship will pre- 



1851.] Stoddard^ s Journal. 29 

vent such injuries, especially since it is taking away that liberty and free- 
dom which the King expects should be given, and is inconsistent with that 
candor and sincerity which his Majesty would have manifested. 

From your Lordship's most humble servants, 

J. S. 
J. W. 
To the Marquis de Vaudreuil. 

The next day, Mr. Vaudreuil told us that he could as easily alter the 
course of the waters as prevent the priests endeavors. 23d, we visited 
some English nuns, who we found well pleased with their present circum- 
stances. 24th, the Governor sent for us, and when we came to his house 
we found the Lord Litendant with him. He proposed that he would, at 
his charge, send our prisoners to Annapolis, or some adjacent place. We 
answered, that our Master only must resolve that point, lie likewise 
told us that there was a considerable number of English people that the 
King (after divers objections) had naturalized ; therefore they could not 
have liberty to return — which we afterwards found to be eighty-four in 
number. We answered, that it was altogether new to us, therefore we 
demanded a copy of the naturalization, and time to answer. AYe further 
demanded that those under age should be compelled to return, which he 
readily promised. He likewise notified us that there was a prohibition of 
all trade with New England. The next day we sent another letter by our 
Interpreter. 

Quebec, E'ebruary 25, 1713. 

Sir — Your Lordship was pleased (yesterday) to inform us that the 
King of France had naturalized divers English prisoners, therefore they 
could not have liberty to return ; upon which we say that Mr. Dudley 
and Nicholson were not apprized of that matter, and so could not instruct 
us therein ; but, for the present, we answer, that the denying those per- 
sons their liberty would not be just or reasonable, for which we otTer — 
(1.) That it would be inconsistent with the King's good intention of 
respect and friendship to the Queen, who, to gratify Her Majesty, did, 
(during the war,) comply with her desire to set at liberty all her subjects 
(brought hither in war,) that he could obtain the name of (2.) It is con- 
trary to the King's especial command, inasmuch as divers of those who 
are said to be naturalized are named amongst those that the King orders 
to be set at liberty. (3.) It is contrary to tlie Articles of Peace, inas- 
much as all those taken in war, without distinction, are thereby set at lib- 
erty. (4.) We remember that your Excellency hath (divers times) said 
that you did not care how few staid in this country, and the fewer the 
better. Now, your proposal of staying near a hundred persons, under the 
pretext of naturalization, seems very inconsistent with that freedom you 
seemed to manifest for their departure. We assure ourselves that what 
we have said on this point is altogether sufficient, if it were not we should 
offer something further. We pray your answer. 

From your Lordship's most humble servants, 

J. S. 

To the Marquis de Vaudreuil. J. W. 

27th, we set forward towards Montreal. March 3d, we arrived there. 
4th, Governor Vaudreuil arrived also, oth, we had a conference with 
Mr. Vaudreuil, at which we told him, that, at our first conference, he pre- 
tended great willingness for our people's return, but since that he objected 
against the return of a great number, under pretence of naturalization, 



30 Stoddard^s Journal. [Jan. 

and now we expected they would lay all the stumbling blocks they 
could in our way, and we desired to know what we might expect ; and if 
his design was not to suffer us to carry any of our i)eople with us, that he 
would let us know it, that we might not be obliged to tarry to no purpose. 
He answered, that he would evidence that he was sincere in his preten- 
sions, but was afraid to release those that were naturalized, but would 
write to the King, which letter we should see. We answered, that would 
be but a delaying of us, and a disobeying of the King's orders ; however, 
if he was resolute in that matter, one of us would carry his letters to the 
King. We offered to prove that naturality to be but a fraud and 
deceit. He replied, he thought it to be so, and, at length said, we might 
send such persons down below Quebec, and take them on shipboard as we 
fell down the river, and that he would never send after them. Then we 
demanded that men and women might not be entangled by their mar- 
riages, and parents with their cliildren. He conceded that French women 
might have liberty to go with their English husbands, and that English 
women should not be compelled to stay M'ith their French husbands, but 
as to that Article of the Children, he must take some time to consider of 
it. loth, Governor Vauderuil sent us word that he did not approve of 
those persons coming to divine service who had embraced the Romish 
Religion. The 1 5th, we sent the following letter : 

Montreal, March 15, 1713-4. 

Sir — At our first conference your Lordship did manifest a good and 
generous spirit (well becoming your character and station,) when you 
readily complied with our general demand of all English prisoners, and 
when you assured us that you would, with cheerfulness, part with all our 
English Prisoners, and that the insinuations of the religious, or others, 
should not be sulficient to prevent our utmost freedom with our people, or 
to impede their return, which good resolution we did divers times after- 
wards observe. Yet, if we should admit thoughts of jealousy or suspicion 
of your sincerity, we should stumble at the consideration of that strange 
objection of naturalization, and at the prohibition of our peoples being 
present at our divine service, and some other things that have fallen 
under our observation. Although those things have been countenanced 
by your Lordship, yet we know they had their original elsewhere. Such 
things as those are apparent by little artifices of such as are ill-affected 
toward that affair which is committed to our management. We have two 
or three demands further to make the next time we attend your Lordship. 
Your compliance therein will sufficiently evidence your sincerity, and that 
you are guided by reason and principles of justice, and not by the sug- 
gestions of others. 

From your Lordship's most humble servants, 

J. S. 

To the Marquis de Vaudreuil. J. W. 

We proposed not farther to pursue those things at present, but by that 
letter we thought to dispose him more willingly to comply with what we 
should ask the next day, wliich we accounted would be most servicable to 
us. Accordingly, on the IGtli. we demanded of him that all the English 
Prisoners should be gathered to Quebec, there to give their answer 
whether they would return or not (presuming that when they were gotten 
from the Priests, their acquaintance, and should see others ready to em- 
bark, they would easily be ])ersuaded to go with them ;) which took its 
effect ; the Governor promising that he would cause all to be assembled 



1851.] Stoddard's Journal, 31 

there, except some few married persons, who we might certainly know 
beforehand that they would not go home. We further demanded a reso- 
lution to our former proposal, referring to children born of parents during 
their imprisonment. The Governor told us he knew not what to deter- 
mine, but desired to know what Governor Dudley should say concerning 
the practice in other countries, and his reasons why they should not be 
held as subjects to the King of France ; so we offered our opinion and 
reasons for it, and left the matter for the present. We further demanded 
a list of all P^nglish persons in the country, we not being able to obtain 
their names ourselves ; which list he promised to procure. 20th, Gover- 
nor Vaudreuil sent us word that he woukl not allow any English to visit 
us on the Sabbath. We went to him and wrangled long about that mat- 
ter, and urged, that throughout the whole country, that was the principal 
day lor all persons to visit, and that many had not an opportunity to go 
abroad on other days. We also added divers other things, but at last 
found his fixed resolution more forcible than our arguments. On the 2Gth, 
we wrote the following letter : 

Montreal, March 20, 1714. 

Sir — We find it very inconvenient speaking by an Interpreter, there- 
fore we choose sometimes to write our opinion that you may at leisure 
consider our proposals. 

Your Lordship (the other day) proposed that we should write to his 
Excellency, Governor Dudley, that he would set forth what was the usage 
in Europe concerning children born during the imprisonment of their 
parents, which we propose to do. But, in the meantime, divers difficulties 
arise from our not being resolved in that point ; we do therefore tender 
our thoughts which are so apparently reasonable, that we doubt not of 
your concurrence therein. 

There is a twofold right to all, (1.) Princes may challenge a right, 
which right does not accrue to them, neither by their being begotten or 
born within their dominions, but is determined by the right they have to 
their parents ; for if any on an embassy or on their particular business, 
carry with them their wives, or, being prisoners of war, happen to have 
children born within the dominions of another King, those children do not 
become subjects of another Prince, but of him whose subjects their par- 
ents were ; so that concerning them there can arise no difficulty ; — and 
as to those whose parents are, the one a subject to one Prince, and the 
other a subject to another — either he to whom the father is subject may 
challenge all the children, or he to whom the mother is in subjection, or 
each Prince may challenge one moiety, and it matters not much which of 
the three you choose. There is likewise a right which parents by nature 
have to their own children, and in case one of the parents be subject to 
the crown of France, and the other subject to the crown of Great Bri- 
tain, yet if they will both agree that all their children shall abide in this 
country, or that they shall all go to New England, we see no great diffi- 
culty in conceding to it ; but if they cannot agree, let them be divided 
according to the King's right. But it comes much to one and the same 
thing, whether it be left to the resolution of the parents or be determined 
according to the King's right. 

From your Lordship's most humble servants, 

J. S. 

To the Marquis de Vaudreuil. J. W. 

29th, we had further discourse about such as were begotten by, or born 
of English parents, but could not obtain a full answer. We demanded 



1 

32 Stoddard's Journal. [Jan. 

subsistence for our Prisoners in their return, both by land and sea, which 
was complied with. 

We acquainted Mr. Vaudreuil of our purpose to send home some pris- I 
oners by land. He told us that if any would come and say before him 
that they would go home, he would permit their return. We further 
demanded that John Carter (who lived at considerable distance) might be 
sent for; and when he came, on April 1st, the Governor sent for us to his 
house, where we found Carter, who (although he had often told us that he 
would go home, and desired that he might take the first opportunity to go 
by land, now contrarywise,) declared that he would abide in this country, j 
We then desired (of Mr. Vaudreuil) liberty of speech with him at our 
chamber, which the Governor unwillingly consented to. After some dis- 
course with Carter, he told us that he would go before Governor Vau- J 
dreuil and say that he would go home, which he did ; at which the 
Governor was greatly enraged, and, after some rough expressions, said, 
that he should not go home at present, but should wait the arrival of our 
ship, and see whether he continued his resolution. 4th, we sent away 
Capt. Baker with letters to Governor Dudley, and with him three 
English Prisoners, to go by the way of Albany, having a Frenchman for 
a guide, and to bring back their canoe. We afterwards took an English 
Prisoner to our chamber who declined to return by sea. We desired of 
Mr. Vaudreuil that he might return by Albany, which he allowed, but 
would not subsist him, saying that he was ordered to send the Prisoners 
by sea, and therefore he would not subsist them by land. 28th April, the i 
Lord Intendant arrived at Montreal. 30th, we made a second demand of 
a list of all English Prisoners in the country, with an account where and 
with whom they lived, which the Governor did again promise to procure. 
3d May, we, knowing that the Governor had some dependance on the 
Lord Intendant for information concerning the usage in Europe, respect- 
ing children bom of parents in imprisonment, we offered to his Lordship 
our reasons why they should be accounted subjects of the Queen. He 
readily assented that those who were Prisoners of War, their children 
ought likewise to be accounted, but instanced in some who had been Pris- 
oners in England, who were denied liberty of returning because they had 
married there, and thereby became subjects of the Crown of England. 
We likewise perceived by his discQurse, that those taken in the former 
war were not by him thought to be prisoners. 

We further discoursed about the act of naturalization, and particularly 
demanded his opinion in that matter ; — supposing it did appear that those 
persons had not actually demanded the naturalization, whether the Act 
ought to impede their return. lie answered, no ; for the King did not 
pretend to bestow privileges on men in spite ol' them, and that there ought 
to be no indirect methods taken to stay our people. 5th, we attended 
Governor Vaudreuil, and demanded that care might be taken that our 
people, with the Indians, might be brought out of the woods, and those at 
home not suffered to absent themselves, which was readily complied 
with. We likewise desired the Governor to inform himself concerning 
children born of Prisoners, that we might proceed in our business as far 
as we were capable before we should receive further instructions from 
home. The same day, we waited on the Lord Intendant, and represented 
to him the ill circumstances of our ])Oor people with the Indians, and 
desired him to use his interest on their behalf, which he told us he would 
do. He afterwards told us that there had been complaint made to him 
that we had been abroad after eight of the clock in the evening, and that 
we preached religion to our people ; and, after a little pleasant discourse, 



1851.] Stoddard's Journal. 33 

we found him to be in earnest ; telling us that in case two persons should 
testify that we preached to them he would confine us to our chamber. 
We replied that we were sent hither to regain our prisoners, and should 
use all projjcr means therefor ; and since they had been long in this coun- 
try, and all possible endeavors used with them to persuade them to 
embrace another religion, with which they were infatuated, no man could 
suppose it reasonable that we should be prohibited liberty to use means to 
undeceive them ; and further, we told him that our orders were to Mr. 
De Vaudreuil, who we supposed to be the governor of the country, and 
that such matters were to be determined by him, and that he had given 
liberty for such discourse. He said that he had the charge of the policy, and 
had particular orders from the king to prevent such practice, it being con- 
trary to law, and if we persisted therein, he would complain to tlie king. 
We answered, that it would be very pleasing to us that the king should be 
perfectly acquainted with all the transactions, touching our affairs in this 
country ; and as to the law which he mentioned, we said that such laws 
were made for the regulation of particular kingdoms, but public affairs 
that concerned divers nations, were to be governed and regulated by the 
civil law, which did no more disallow of speaking of religious matters to 
our prisoners than to exei*cise religion amongst ourselves. He told us 
that we had not instructions to discourse religion with our people, for 
Governor Dudley had written no such thing to Mr. Vaudreuil. We 
replied, that he had not written anytliing about the prisoners' parents, 
brethren, lands, &c., yet it did not follow from tln^ice that he had not 
instructed us to acquaint them with those things ; and several other things 
of like nature passed, so that, finding his talk somewhat insipid, he 
desisted — only telling us that the priests had informed him that we, in a 
moment, undid all they had done in seven years' endeavors to establish 
our people in their religion. After this treatment, we declined visiting 
the Lord Intendant for many days. 14th, Mr. Junceur, by the Govern- 
ment order, discoursed with Mr. Williams' daughter, and with her Indian 
relations, who said they would leave her to act her liberty respecting her 
return. The Governor promised that if her relations would consent he 
w^ould compel her ""to return. 15th — To prevent after-disputes, we read 
to Governor Vaudreuil the chief j^articulars which he had formerly prom- 
ised to us, viz : (1.) That we should use all freedom of speech with the 
English people in this country. (2.) That all English persons taken in 
war and brought into this country, should have free liberty to return. (3.) 
That all those under age should be compelled. (4.) That we might pri- 
vately take away those tliat were naturalized, (o.) That French women 
might go with their English husbands, and English women should not be 
compelled to tarry with their French husbands. (6.) That he would 
gather all the English people to Quebec, there to resolve whether to 
return or not, except some few married persons, who we might certainly 
know that they would not return. (7.) That he would subsist our people 
in their return. (8.) That those children whose parents were both Eng- 
lish should be accounted ours, but the matter respecting others, was left 
undetermined. These particulars he again consented to, only objected 
something against the return of those that were naturalized, and those 
that were born in the country. We intimated to the Governor our 
resentment of the Lord Intendant's behaviour toward us. We found our 
faulting him pleasing enough to Mr. Vaudreuil, who talked that our 
affairs should in no wise be determined by him. 17th, We sent two men 
to Bushervil and Point de Tramble, Avho returned the 18th, and informed 
that Eben Stebbins and John Castor (who so often pretended that they 



34 Stoddard's Journal. [Jan. 

would go home) were not likely to return. 29tli, We went to Cagnawaga, 
to visit the natives and the prisoners with them, which we found rather 
Avorse than the Indians. 30th, We understanding that some of the chiefs 
of Cagnawaga were going abroad, we desired that we might have a 
conference with them ; and accordingly, Mr. Vaudreuil sent for them, 
who, on June 2d, came to our chamber, and, after compliments made 
and returned, we went to Mr. Vaudreuil's. Thither came two of the 
Jesuits of Cagnawaga, and divers other gentlemen. The Governor 
spake to them to encourage them to restore us cur people. The chief J 
speaker, (contrary to the usual custom, viz., without speaking one word ' 
to each other,) rose up and said that those taken by them were adopted 
into families, and not held as prisoners, but as children ; and it was not 
their custom to compel any to return, but should leave them to their own 
liberty. We thought it not proper to discourse with them before a num- 
ber of such people as were present, therefore desired opportunity with 
them at our chamber, whitlier we retired, and after they had stayed some 
time at the Governor's, they came to us. We told them that it was the 
custom of all nations in Europe to compel all persons in minority (as Avere 
divers j^i'i-'^oi^^i's with them,) and likewise gave an instance of divers 
French prisoners who were by the Iroquois delivered to som.e French 
gentlemen, and forcibly carried home, which Mr. Junceur, the King's Inter- 
preter, confirmed. We said that the reason of that practice was, that 
such persons had not discretion to know what was for their good. We 
said further, that it could be no benefit to them to detain such chil- 
dren, and they could not but be sensible that their parents and friends 
were much exercised about them, and were they under the like circum- 
stances, they would desire the like of us. Further, if they Avould deliver 
them to us, it would be pleasing to the Queen of Great Britain and the 
King of France, to the Governor of Boston and the Governor of Canada. 
After all they said, they M'cre sensible that it was difficult with their 
friends at home, yet could do no otherwise than they had said before. 
The 5th, we presented to the Governor the folloAving note : 

Montreal, June 3, 1714. 
Mr. De Vaudreuil : 

Sir — We are imeasy under the present circumstances of our affairs; 
therefore, for our guidance at present, and that Ave may be able to satisfy 
our masters, Ave desire your Lordship's particular reply to the demands 
folloAving : 

1st. We demand, Avhether the Indians in this country, Avho have English 
prisoners in their hands, are subjects to the King of France, or Avhether 
Ave must treat Avith them as a free people. 

2d. If they are subjects, we demand that all prisoners, in minority, that 
arc in their hands (of Avhich there are many) might be compelled to return, 
as well as those in the hands of the French. 

3d. That all others Avith the Indians, as Avell as those Avith the French, 
(except some fcAV persons exempted) may, according to your Excellency's 
promise, be assembled at Quebec, there to give their ansAver Avhether they 
will return or not ; Avhere Ave expect that some gentlemen from Boston will 
be joined Avith us in our negotiation. 

4th. That matter respecting children born of English parents in this 
country being undetermined, Ave demand that such children may likcAvise 
be assembled at Quebec, that Ave may not be long delayed after the arriA^al 
of our sliip from New England. It is not necessary to repeat our reasons 
for what we demand, but needful that we be resolved in these matters ; and 



1851.] Stoddard^s Journal, 35 

we hope that your answers will be such as may content your humble ser- 
vants. J. S. 

J. W. 

The Governor pretended that he would give us an answer in writing; 
but when we afterwards asked for it, he said, that if we would get it trans- 
lated into French, he would write us an answer, which we did, and sent it 
by our Interpreter, but never received his answer to that, nor to any other 
of our letters. We afterwards wrote the following letter : 

Montreal, June 7, 1714. 

Sir — Your Lordship has very often manifested an earnest desire for 
the deliverance of our children out of the Indians' hands, and that noth- 
ing should be wanting on your part for the effecting thereof. The thing 
is undoubtedly attainable, and lies within your reach, and if your Lord- 
ship will comply with the method we shall propose, we conclude that the 
fault will not rest on your Excellency. First, we will hint at the state of 
the case, and then let you know what we at present desire. 

Some of the Indians, at least, have such principles of justice engraven 
on their minds, that they account it very reasonable that our children 
should be delivered into our hands, and they would willingly do it, but 
they are not masters ; besides your Excellency, whom they acknowledge to 
be the chief, tliey have divers others, which we suppose they stand in more 
fear of, who continually practice with them to prevent the return of our 
children. There are, likewise, a considerable number of those children 
who are willing to go home, but some gentlemen have taken such measures 
respecting them, that they dare not manifest it openly ; which practice we 
suppose to be no way justifiable. 

That which we desire of your Lordship is, that you would, by a letter 
to the chiefs of Cagnawaga, (to be interpreted by Mr. Junceur) as their 
father, signify your sincere desire that they would deliver our people to 
us, which you account reasonable, and that if it be neglected, both you 
and they will be in danger to know the king's displeasure, and that they 
ought not to regard the insinuations of the clergy, or any others, to dis- 
suade them from a matter so highly reasonable ; hereby you will but act 
yourself, in acting the part of a just man in a matter so laudable. 

We propose to take another journey to Cagnawaga. 

Potentates Vale. From your Lordship's most humble servants, 

J. S. 

To the Marquis de Vaudreuil. J. W. 

We had been told by Anogarista, one of the chiefs, that he would very 
willingly deliver an English boy he had with him, in case the CTOvernor 
would give order for it, without which he dare not do it ; but the Gover- 
nor, being resolved that he would not use force, either with great or small, 
and putting us off with trivial answers, we thought it to no purpose to go 
to Cagnawaga, especially after we were informed by one of their chiefs 
that the Bishop had been there, and thanked the natives for not delivering 
our people to us ; and understanding, by another, that they had been taught 
that if they delivered them to us they would thereby be the occasion of 
their damnation, and Christ would be angry with them, and damn them 
therefor. 8th, We sent Thomas Tarball and one English prisoner, (with a 
letter to Governor Dudley) to return by the way of Albany. 11th, We 
sent one other. The same day, Mr. Vaudrueil sent us word that he would 
not assemble any at Quebec but such as were willing to return home, 
unless we would be at the charge of it. 14th, The Governor promised us 



86 Stoddard^s Journal, [Jan. 

that if we would draw a list of such as we more especially desired should 
be assembled at Quebec, he would bring them thither on the arrival of 
our vessel, and that we mijrht take any with us that were willing to go. 
I5th, We presented him with a list of those we were especially desirous 
should be brought thither. He thought it not worth while to take those 
that were not willing to go home. We told him that when we were 
absent the priests would prevail with almost any of our people to say 
they Avould not go home ; and if he would not promise to bring them 
down, we dare not go and leave them. He then said he would do in that 
matter what he could. 16th, The Governor informed us that he expected 
Mr. De Ramsey, within a day or two, and by him, orders from the king, 
respecting our affairs, and he thought it best to defer our journey to Que- 
bec till his arrival. He likewise told us that he expected to go to France 
within a short time, and did promise on the faith of a gentleman and of a 
governor, that he would do to his utmost that we might have all our pris- 
oners. 17th, We understanding that the Lord Intendant had ordered the 
goods of Madame Le Beau's husband (deceased) to be sold, and the 
money put into the hands of a keeper, he still delaying to make a distri- 
bution, we told him that she stood in need of her money for her necessary 
supply, and desired that a distribution might be made. He answered 
that she had been in this country from a child, and might not be suffered 
to go home. We told him that if she staid she had need of her money, 
and we concluded that he did not withhold her money under that con- 
sideration. He replied that he kept it on that very account, and to 
justify his actions, said that he had orders from the king, that if any per- 
sons were resolutely set to leave the country, he should keep their money 
from them. 19th, We understanding that the master of a barque was for- 
bidden to carry to Quebec Madam Le Beau's goods, which were put on 
board, we attended Governor Vaudreuil and informed him that some of 
our English ])eople were going with us to Quebec, and desired that they 
might have liberty to put their goods on board the barque. He said that 
any should have liberty but Madam Le Beau. We shewed how unrea- 
sonable it was that she should be debarred that liberty that was due to 
every one. The Governor had formerly given liberty to us to take that 
woman in particular, but now said, she was taken in the former war, and 
the Articles of Peace made no mention of such. We answered that the 
princes did not suppose any had been detained from the former war to the 
end of the latter ; and that, during the peace, she was in minority ; and be- 
cause there was a neglect in not compelling her, it did not now become just 
that she should be denied the exercise of her liberty. And furtliermore, 
she would gladly have gone home in the time of peace if she might have 
had opportunity. The Governor would neither consent to her going 
home, nor to her going to Quebec, but promised, by the faith of a gentle- 
man, that he would obtain the liberty of the Court of France for her 
return, and, if possible, it should be sent before winter. We thanked 
him, and told him that she was now spirited to return, and that she had 
been so long vexed and plagued in this country tliat slie could be no 
longer easy here, and that she had sold her household goods and could not 
well subsist. We likewise acquainted him how she had been injured by 
the Lord Intendant. We comi)lain(Ml to the Governor that the Lord Li- 
tendant kept a poor man in })ris()n under a notion of a crime, but on no 
other account but to prevent his going home. 21, We again urged that 
Madam L<^ Beau might have liberty to go home, but could obtain no 
further, only the Governor i)romised that if he could not obtain liberty of 
the Court of France for her return, he would cause her to be sent home 



1851.] Stoddard's Journal, 37 

privately. 22d, We departed for Quebec (taking with us seven prison- 
ers,) where we arrived 2otli. We could hear no news of our vessel, but 
daily uncertain rumors, which always failed. On the 7tli July, arrived 
Madame Le Ford from Montreal, and brought with her two English boys 
which she had bought of the Indians at Cagnawaga. She informed us 
that she agreed with the savages for the children, at Mr. De Vaudreuil's, 
and that he had lent her the money to pay for them, which she had repaid 
him, and that the Governor had bought a girl of the Indians, with his 
own money. 8th, The Lord Intendant arrived at Quebec, and on the 14th 
came Governor Vaudreuil. 15th, We attended him, and he told us that, 
according to his i)romise, he had been at St. Francis, and discoursed with 
the Indians there concerning their English prisoners, who answered that 
there were some Indians, prisoners in the hands of the English, which 
they could not obtain, and that ours should not be restored till theirs were 
delivered to them. We replied that all prisoners in our country were set 
at liberty, as he saw, by the Governor's proclamation, and care taken for 
their return ; but those Indians had none of their peoi)le imprisoned in 
our country. He said that the Eastern Indians, their friends, had, and 
particularly Escombuit had been there to demand his son, but could not 
obtain him. We said, there was no heed to be taken to what the Indians 
said, and his Lordship could not but be sensible that if he should send 
hither to demand the prisoners, they would be all delivered immediately. 
We added, that these English at St. Francis, were taken by Indians 
employed in the king's service, and if they were subjects to the king, we 
might well expect that he should restore the prisoners to us ; but if they 
were not, we should not do well to demand them of him. He answered, 
that he looked upon them as allies, and the king must do so too — for, by 
force, he could not oblige the Indians to deliver their prisoners. 17th, 
Governor Vaudreuil told us that our Governor pretended to send a vessel 
to Quebec early in the spring, but although the summer was now far ad- 
vanced, yet it was not arrived, and therefore, he thought it best lor us 
to return. We answered, that we were ordered to wait the coming vessel, 
and could not return without particular orders therefor. He then told us 
that we had been long in this country, and put the king upon great charge, 
and he should not longer subsist us ; but upon our showing a probability 
that our vessel was delayed by contrary winds, and that it would be here 
within eight or ten days, he told us that he would subsist us till then. We 
were preparing to send a post to New England to inform of the state 
of our business, and to acquaint Governor Dudley that we had no news 
of our vessel, but on the 19th we heard of some English being arrived at 
Montreal. 23d July, Capt. Baker, with four men, from New England, 
arrived at Quebec, by whom Ave received our first letters from Boston. 
The same day, we delivered Mr. Vaudreuil's and Mr. Bigon's letters. 
Capt. Baker brought with him one English prisoner from Montreal. 
Capt. Baker informed us that Aaron Littlefield, an English lad, (being 
sent for to Montreal, by Governor De Ramsey) said he would return home. 
Having liberty from the Governor, he supplied him with clothing, but 
before his departure came the priest of Bushervil (with whom he dwells) 
while Capt. Baker was absent, he took off the boy's clothes and prevailed 
with him to stay. After we had represented the matter to Governor 
Vaudreuil, he sent for the boy to Quebec, and kept him there some time, 
but it was then too late ; — the same priest (who then took the pains to 
come to Quebec with him) had made too thorough work with his prose- 
lyte. 24th, We sent a letter to Mr. Vaudreuil, who, when he received it, 
4* 



38 Stoddard^s Journal. [Jan. 

manifested some discontent at our insisting on those things we had so often 
discoursed. 

Quehec, July 24, 1714. 

Sir — We may, from wliat we liear of tlie dejiarture of our vessel from 
Boston, justly expect her arrival here within a few days, therefore it will 
be necessary that orders be forthwith given for tlie assembling our people 
who dwell in the remoter parts of this country. 

Your Lordship did defer the determination of that affair respecting 
those that were said to have been naturalized till you received your let- 
ters from Messrs. Dudley and Nicholson, by whose answers, you know 
they are fully of opinion, that that pretence of naturalization is of no 
weight, and ought, by no means, to debar them of free liberty to return, 
and that all, universally, ought to exercise their utmost freedom. 

The most Christian King hath commanded that we should see all the 
English prisoners in this country, to the intent we may know what they 
voluntarily choose. Further, on the IGth of March ])ast, we demanded 
of your Lordship that all our English prisoners should be brought together 
at Quebec, there to determine whether they Avould return or not, with 
which your Excellency complied, and promised that they should all be 
brought to Quebec, except some few married ])ersons, which we might 
assuredly know they would not return. Therefore, pursuant to the king's 
orders and your Lordship's word, we expect to see all our people here. 
Since the above-mentioned promise, your Lordship hath made some objec- 
tions respecting those with tlie Indians, to which we answer, that the king 
commands that those in the hands of the Indians, as well as those in the 
hands of the French, should be delivered to us ; and we know full well that 
your Lordship is able to effect their deliverance, and that the savages (in 
detaining them) do not so much act their own natural inclinations as they 
act by the guidance and instigation of some French gentlemen. As to the 
pretence that is made by those of St. Francis, it is not only frivolous, but 
it wants truth. 

We cannot omit telling your Lordship that the priests daily practicing 
with many of our young and simple people, and by a sort of force 
constraining of them to abide in this country, is justly resented as a thing 
very injurious and unworthy, and not one instance can be given of such 
like practice in New England, during tlic whole war ; but they arc 
rather helped forward and encouraged to return. We are are directed to 
tell your Lordship, that if any of our prisoners are forcibly detained here. 
on any pretence, it will be a thing that cannot be paralleled in all Europe. 
We can only offer our oi)inion and reasons. Your Lordship only, at 
present, hath the power to determine. You may perform what you have 
promised us ; may execute the King's orders, or vary therefrom at your 
pleasure ; — none can control you. We have been long sensible that (as 
your Lordship hath sometimes intimated) you are kept from acting your 
own inclination, through fear of incurring the King's displeasure, by mean:- 
of complaints that may be sent to Court against you from some particular 
gentlemen in this country. AYe are of o])inion that your Lordship will be 
much more secure by acting conformaldy to the rights and usages of 
nations, and what will be acceptable to Her Britanic Majesty, than by 
doing any thing unjustifiable, in compliance with the humor of particular 
gentlemen ; for, undoubtedly, Her Majesty's resentment will be of worse 
consequence to you than the resentment of. an ecclesiastic, or any other in 
this country ; especially when your just determinations themselves will vin- 
'dicate you. 



1851.] Stoddardh Journal. 39 

We presume your Lordship will determine matters so that they shall 
be to the satisfaction of your most humble servants. 

J. S. 
To the Marquis de Vaudreuil. J. W. 

27th, We received a letter from Capt. Southack, dated at Tedisack. Aug. 
2d, Governor De Kamsay arrived. 3d, He came to visit us at our cham- 
ber, where I told him, that although I had not had the honor to know 
him, yet, hearing of his justice, and the generosity of his spirit, and know- 
ing that he was lately from France, and undoubtedly was acquainted with 
the custom of nations, we had purposely deferred the prosecution of our 
business till his arrival, assuring ourselves that he would do what in him 
lay to move Mr. Vaudreuil to comply with our just demands ; then read 
to him our letters to Mr. Vaudreuil, of greatest consequence — as that 
concerning naturalization, and concerning children born in this country, 
&c., — and generally acquainting him with our business. He assured us, 
that although he had not the power, yet he would improve his interest, in 
putting forward our affairs. The same day, our brigantine arrived at 
Quebec. 4th, We attended Governor Vaudreuil and told him that our 
vessel was now before the town, and we expected the assembling of our 
people, to give their answer respecting their return ; and when he pre- 
tended that orders had been long since given, that if any in the upper part 
of the country were desirous to return, they should be brought thither, 
and that when we were there we had liberty of speech with them, we 
answered, that he gave us liberty to speak with them, but there were 
many that we had never opportunity to speak with, nor to see them ; and 
that many others had only spoken transiently with us, not j)retending to 
give us their answer, whether to go or stay. Divers that we had seen had 
told us that they would return to their own country, and others Avere in 
minority and ought to be compelled. Further, the King had positively 
ordered that our people should be assembled, that we might know their 
inclination, and he had likewise promised it to us, therefore we expected 
to see them here. He proposed that we might send one of our people to 
Montreal to speak with them. We replied, that the King ordered that 
we, who were the Commissioners, should see them, and not that our 
attendants should ; and it was well known that we, who were Commis- 
sioners, could not go to all parts of the country where there was a 
prisoner, especially just upon our departure. Then he desired a list of 
those that were most likely to return from the upper part of the country 
— pretending that he would send for them — which we promised to send 
him. We then demanded his resolution concerning English children, 
born in the country, which he had not hitherto determined ; and after the 
matter was debated, he resolved that it must be decided by the King. 
He likewise continued his resolution that those that were naturalized 
should not be permitted to return till the King was acquainted with that 
matter. 5th, We sent him our list. He sent us word that he would gi«e 
orders that any named in that list should have liberty to come to Quebec. 
We sent back that we insisted on the execution of the King's orders, and 
the promise he had made us, and if he would not act conformably thereto, 
we should not desire him to give himself the trouble to send to Montreal. 
He answered, that he would not send ; but, on further consideration, con- 
cluded to send a proclamation, requiring some of his officers to assemble 
our people in the upper towns, and demand their answer. 7th, The Gov- 
ernor sent Leland, the King's Interpreter, up the country, with his 
orders ; we also gave liberty to one of our English sailors to go to Mon- 



40 Stoddard^s Journal. [Jan. 

treal to see his sister. Afterwards, the Governor told us, that he had ordered 
that all the prisoners should be brought before the man we had sent to Mon- 
treal. We told him, that we had sent no man, but only suffered a sailor to go 
thither to visit his sister, and on no other account. 11th, We attended 
Governor Vaudreuil, and desired that all the prisoners at Quebec and the 
places adjoining, might be assembled, that we might have speech with 
them, which he promised to do within four or five days ; and, particularly, 
two persons at Lorett, and one Arabella Jordmi, at Trois River. Gover- 
nor Vaudreuil also signified that the Lord Intendant was angry because 
Madam Le Beau was come from Montreal after he had confined her to 
that town (her coming was by order of Governor De Ramsey.) He 
likewise renewed his protestations of working her deliverance when he 
should arrive in France, or if she would return to Montreal, and from 
thence to our country, none should hinder her. We insisted on her going 
by sea, either publicly or privately, but he manifested great unwillingness, 
being afraid of the Lord Intendant, and the Bishop, from whom he had 
lately received divers letters concerning Madame Le Beau. 14th, We 
again asked that the English might be assembled, which the Governor 
promised should be done the next day. We likewise desired that Eben- 
ezer Nyms, in particular, and his w4fe and child, might be sent for from 
Lorett, and signified that they were kept in fear by the Indians, and how- 
ever desirous they were to return, yet they dare not say they would go 
home, unless they see themselves clear of all danger from tlie Indians. 
He promised to give order that they should all be brought together, with- 
out priest or Indian with them ; and because the woman w^as not well, he 
would order that she should be brought on horseback ; and if not able to 
ride, she should be brought in a cart. Accordingly, on the 15th, he sent 
his orders by a Frenchman, with w^hom we sent our doctor, to tak( 
care of the woman. He returned the next morning, and informed that 
she was able to walk to town on foot, and that he had been greatly 
affronted by the Jesuit of Lorett. 16th, Nyms came to Quebec, and 
divers Indians with him, but his wife came not — the Jesuit pretendin< 
she was not able. Mr. Williams and Capt. Southack attended Mr. Vau- 
dreuil, and signified our dissatisfaction, and he pretended that he woulc 
do anything to have her brought to town, if we would put him in a way 
to effect it, but nothing was done that was probable to effect the matter 
The same day, I attended Governor Vaudreuil, and after a long debat( 
concerning Madam Le Beau, wherein he constantly manifested 
great fear of suffering us to carry her away by sea, he determined tc 
send her by land, from Montreal, by some of our Englishmen, and tha' 
he would cause her to be conveyed to Chamblee, by a Frenchman, anc 
there delivered to our people, and we might be assured that nothing 
should prevent it. We proposed that he should supply our people witl 
provisions, at Chamblee, for their journey. He answered, that he hated t( 
ask that devilish Intendant. 17th, AVe discoursed with Governor Van 
dreuil concerning Madam Le Beau. He still insisted on her going by land 
and gave his word of honor that he would cause her to go liome. W" 
still insisted on Nyms and his wife being brought to town, assuring hin 
that their lives were in danger if they (while at Lorett) should say the; 
would go home ; and, rather than hazard themselves, they would say the 
would abide in this country. AVe likewise told him, if his orders wer 
not sufiicient to bring them to town, then it would be to no purpose fo 
him to take any further thought about them. At length he promised thn 
he would give positive orders that they should be brought the next da} 
The same day, in the evening, Mr. Vaudreuil told Mr. AYilliams, th? 



1851.] Stoddard's Journal. 41 

JMaclam Le Beau might return by sea, but should not take either of her 
children with her. 20th, In the morning, Governor Vaudreuil sent for us, 
and caused Nyms and his wife to be brought before us, who declared that 
they would go home, and accordingly were put on board. The woman 
Avalked from Lorette to Quebec, and when she came there we could not 
perceive but that she was as well as, generally, women are. At the same 
time, Governor Vaudreuil told me, that he would give order that Madam 
Le Beau's child should be taken from her and put among the Ursulines. 
I answered, that she had the sole power of disposing of the infant, and 
she might put it out where she pleased ; and, so long as the child was well 
cared for, no Prince could, with justice, forcibly take it away. I likewise 
acquainted him, that one John Whitaker, who had declared before his 
Excellency, that he would go home, was gone from us, and by what we 
C(;iild not learn. The clergy had either persuaded him away, or forcibly 
conveyed him about twenty miles down the river, and we expected he 
sliould be sent for, and brought to us. I further told him, that there were 
many English prisoners in the town, and places adjoining, that had not 
been asked whether they would return or not. He answered, that he 
would cause them to be assembled in the afternoon, and required, that 
those that had already declared that they would go home, should again 
make their appearance, and accordingly there were some assembled, part 
of which declared that they would go home ; others said they would not ; oth- 
ers said they would not go to Boston, but to Iilngland, by the way of France ; 
others said they would go, provided they might take with them their wives 
and children ; and one who had formerly said he would go home, and had for 
many days been on board, now declared he had rather stay, and was taken 
from us. 21st, Came a great number of Indians from Lorett, having been 
informed (as we were told by a squaw who had adopted Nyms for her son) 
by a man who came to Lorett on horseback, that we had taken Nyms and 
his wife, and bound them, and forcibly conveyed them on board. The Gov- 
ernor sent two of those Indians to us, and desired that they might go on 
board with us to speak with Nyms — they being on board. Nyms told them 
he would go home. Then they demanded his child, which he refused. On 
the 23d came some Indians from St. Francis, who brought an English 
prisoner, but refused to deliver him without a ransom of one hundred and 
sixty livers, w^ich, after a considerable dispute, was paid — the one half 
by Governor Vaudreuil, the other by Mr. Williams. We being informed 
that there were four prisoners at St. Francis — one with the French, the 
rest with the Indians — that were desirous to return, as also some others 
at, or near Montreal, likely to be obtained, we appointed our Interpreter, 
with three others, to visit such prisoners (as we informed him were likely 
to return,) and to endeavor their deliverance ; then to take his journey, by 
land, to the Otter Creek, and thence, the most direct way to Deerfield, 
unless he should have with him any prisoners, which, by their inability, 
should render the journey that way impracticable ; then to retum, by Al- 
bany, and hasten his letters to Boston. On the 24th, in the morning, we 
sailed from Quebec with twenty-six prisoners, having lost three men who 
had declared to the Governor that they would go home, and five others, 
who pretended to embark just before we sailed ; — not having received the 
list that the Governor promised us ; without having our people assembled 
at Quebec ; without having one half of our people asked, before us, 
whether they would return or not, and several that were at Quebec while 
we were there, — or one minor compelled ; having never seen many of 
our prisoners while we were in the country. 

We fell down that day, a little way, by the Isle of Orleans. 25th, We 



42 



Mr. WaltorCs Journal. 



[Jan. 



sailed, under a fresh gale wind, to the Isle of Coudre. 26th, We sailed to 
the Isle of Levre ; — there we tarried. 27th, About four in \h.t morning, 
"William Boltwood died — havins: been sick about a I'ortnin-ht. We tarried 



there 28th, 29th, 30th, and 31st. 
thence (1714.) 



Sept. 1st, in the morning, we siiiled 



TO THE PUBLISHER. 

Sir — I send herewith, a copy of a brief journal kept by Mr. Josiah Wal- 
ton, during a campaign in the " Old French War." If you think proper, 
please insert it in the Register. Mr. W. was born at Reading. About 
1770, he removed to New Ipswich. On the day of " Concord fight," he 
joined a company that went from that town, and was at the battle of 
Bunker's Hill, where he was severely wounded ; but recovered, and was 
at the Battle of Bennington. He lived a long and useful life, and died 
June 21st., 1831, aged 95 years. F. K. 

"June ye 30, 1755. 

" I went with Major Nichols, bound for Crown Point. Monday, from 
Reading to Woburn. Tuesday, from there, through Bedford, Concord, 
Sudbury, Westboro', to Worcester. On Wednesday, from there, through 
Leicester and Brookfield, to Palmer. Thursday, 'through Springfield and 
Westfield, to Glasgow. Friday, through part of Number One, to Shef- 
field. Saturday, through Kinderhook, to the Half-way House. Sunday, 
to Albany. July 6, We went up the nver, from the Gtli of Au- 

gust till ye 14th, when we arrived at the carrying place. Sept. ye 4th 
got to Lake George. Sept. ye 8th, there was a scout of seven hundret 
men which met an army of French and Indians, which beat us back to 
the camp, and there fought some hours. The fight began four miles from 
camp. I was dismissed at Lake George, Oct. 4th. I got to Albany the 
7th. Went on board Capt. Clapp's sloop, which sailed that day for Bos- 
ton, where we arrived Oct. ye 21, and got home the next day. 

" A Company that went in the Expedition to Crown Point, under the 
command of Major Nichols. 



Capt. John Taplin 

Lieut. Benjamin Flint 

Ensign Isaac Stearns 

Seargent Nathan Walton 
" Josiah Fay 
" Obadiah Hoit 
" Samuel Dagget 

Corp. Ezra Smith 
" William Gould 
" John Dix 
" John Boutwell 

Ithimar Calos 

Josiah Brag 

Thomas Brown 

Elisha Barton 

John Walton 



Ebenezer Collins 
Francis Chase 
Ichabod Drew 
Kendall Flint 
Jonathan Eaton 
John Fay 
Solomon Fay 
Ebenezer Going 
John Hill 
Samuel Hartshorn 
Thomas Hadley 
Peter Hay 
Jonathan Johnson 
Asa Kendall 
Daniel Knight 
John Locke 



William Lewis 
Moses Mc Clemen 
Benjamin Moors 
Joseph Pratt 
Ebenezer Pike 
Charles Rice 
Person Richardson 
Benjamin Ridell 
Lewis Richardson 
Samuel Smith 
Timothy Tewksbury 
John Tewksbury 
James Wyman 
Ebenezer Whitney 
Josiah Wetherbee 
Josiah Walton 



April ye 22, 175G, a general training, to enlist men for Crown Point. 



1851.] Ancestors of Rev. Samuel Hopkins^ D.D. 43 



ANCESTORS OF REV. SAMUEL HOPKINS, D.D., OF NEW- 
PORT, AND THEIR CHILDREN. 

[Communicated by Sylvester Judd, Esq., of Northampton.] 

John Hopkins settled at Cambridge in 1634, was' admitted freeman in 
1635, and removed to Hartford in 1636. He died in 1654, leaving a 
widow, Jane, and two children, Stephen and Bethia. The widow mar- 
ried Nathaniel Ward, of Iladley, and the daughter married in 1652, Sam- 
uel Stocking, of Middletown, and, after his decease, James Steele, of 
Hartford. John Hopkins may have been related to Edward Hopkins, 
Esq., of Hartford. 

Stephen Hopkins, only son of John, married Dorcas Bronson, 
daughter of John Bronson, of Farmington, and resided at Hartford. He 
died in 1689, and his widow in 1697. He names, in his will, six children, 
viz.: John, Stephen, Ebenezer, Joseph, Dorcas, Webster, and Mary 
Hopkins. 

John Hopkins, son of Stephen, settled in Waterbury, where he died, 
Nov. 4, 1732. His wife died May 30, 1730. Their children were: — 
John, b. March 29, 1686 ; Consider, b. March 29, 1687 ; Ste[)hen, b. Nov. 
19, 1689; Timothy, b. Nov. 16,1691 ; Samuel, b. Dec. 27, 1693, graduat <d 
at Yale College 1718 — Minister of West Springfield ; Mary, b. Jan. 27, 
1696-7 ; Hannah, b. April, 25, 1699 ; Dorcas, b. Feb. 12, 1706. 

Timothy Hopkins, son of John, of Waterbury, married Mary Judd, 
daughter of Dea. Thomas Judd, of Waterbury, June 25, 1719. He died 
in W., Feb. 5, 1748-9, aged 5'. Their children were: — Samuel, b. 
Sept. 17, 1721, Y. C. 1741 — Minister at Great Barrington and New- 
port ; Timothy, b. Sept. 8, 1723 ; Huldah, b. Dec. 22, 1725 ; Hannah, 
b. April 11, 1728 ; Sarah, b. May 25, 1730 : James, b. June 26, 1732 ; 
Daniel, b. Oct, 16, 1734, Y. C. 1758 — Minister at Salem ; Mary, b. 
June 27, 1737 ; Mark, b. Sept. 18, 17o9, Y. C, 1758 — was a lawyer, as 
I am informed. 

[The following very interesting Letter from Dr. Hopkins, of Newport, 
to Rev. Jonathan Judd, of South Hampton, never before published, 
accompanied the above brief Genealogy.] 

Newport, Nov. 5, 1798. 

Dear Sir — It is near thirty years since I have had anything direct 
from you, and I do not remember that I have written you since ; which I 
am now disposed to consider as my fault. The import of your line to me 
then was, that you considered me as a great and wicked heretic, highly 
deserving rebuke.* I believe I have published nothing since that would 
lead you to have a better opinion of me, had you read my writings, which 
to me is improbable. 

However, considering our consanguinity ; t that we originated in the 
same town, were classmates at college, and the intimacy which took 
place between us when we were young, and entering on the stage of life, 
there is, perhaps, no reason for our living strangers to each other. I 
therefore now sit down to write you by post, as I know of no other way 
of conveyance, presuming you are yet in this world, though I have heard 
nothing of you for a considerable time. 

^ Mr. Judd was stronjjly opposed to some of the opinions of Dr. Hopkins. 
t The mother of Dr. Hopkins was a sister of Mr. Judd's father. 



^ Letter of Rev. Samuel HopHns, D.D. [Jan. 

You are about a year older or younger than I am, I think ; but I do 
not remember which. I was 77 years old on the 17th day of last Sep- 
tember. But very few of our cotemporaries are now living, and we shall 
soon be called off the stage of life. I think I have heard of the death of 
the wife of your youth ; and that you have since married another wife, 
but who, or from whence, or whether she be yet alive, I know not. You 
have children, I conclude, some or all of them grown up and settled in the 
world ; but how many you have had, whether they be all alive, and what 
proportion of males and females, I have not been informed. 

I have had eight children — five sons and three daughters — which 
were all born in Great Barrington. Four of them are deceased, viz. : my 
youngest son, Daniel, who died in Maryland in the year 1788, in the 25th 
year of his age ; my three daughters, Betsy, Joanna, and Rhoda, all lived 
to marry, and left issue. My oldest daughter left two sons who are now 
with their father in North Carolina. Joanna married a Fisher, in Med- 
way, and has left but one child, a daughter, now in her 17th year, who 
lives with me. Rhoda married to John Anthony, and died in this town, 
soon after her first child was born, in 1792. Her child, a son, is now liv- 
ing, and is with his father's parents at Killington, in Vermont. My first 
wife died at Great Barrington, in August, 1793, having gone there on a 
visit to her children, and hoping that it might be for her health, having 
been in a decline many years. Since that, I have married a second wife, 
a maiden lady, who originated from Boston, with the entire approbation 
of all my congregation and friends, who is a very great help and comfort 
to me in my advanced years. 

My church and congregation were large and flourished, before the war 
with Britain, but in that war were greatly diminished and impoverished ; 
from which state they have not risen. However, I have my daily food 
and live comfortably and in peace, having neither poverty nor riches, as a 
temptation to lead me astray. My family consists only of myself, Mr.' 
Hopkins, and my grand-daughter above mentioned. 

I have only one brother and one sister living. The latter lives with a 
married daughter of hers, whose husband has lately moved from "Water 
bury to the north-west part of Connecticut, or in the bounds of New 
York State. The former is at Salem I suppose you know. He is minis 
ter of a large and flourishing congregation, who are very kind to him, and 
they attend his ministry better than congregations commonly do at thi 
day. They give him many valuable presents, and GOO dollars per annum, 
He preaches three sermons every Sabbath. 

My oldest son, David, lives in Maryland, near Baltimore. He has 
large plantation ; has had two wives, both of which are dead. He is lei 
a widower, with three daughters. Is now chosen General of the Militi; 
of the County in which he lives. My third son, Levi, lives in the north 
west part of Virginia, near the Apalachian mountains. Has a wife an( 
six children living. He lost his eldest daughter lately, who was a prom 
ising young w^oman. My second and fourth sons, Moses and Samue 
live at Great Barrington. Moses is a man of business. He is a farme 
and a merchant. He is Register of that part of the County in which h< 
lives, and Justice of the Peace. Owns a grist-mill and a saw-mill on th 
river, which can go the whole year. He has nine children, all likely 
None of them have yet left him. Samuel lives in my house and occupic 
the farm. He has a wife and three children. He is an honest, industri 
ous man; lives much within himself, by the produce of the farm; owe 
nobody, and has money in his pocket. 

I enjoy a comfortable measure of health, through the distinguishing 



1851.] Old Burying- Ground at PeeksJcllL 45 

mercy of Gofl, and have fewer complaints than men of my years com- 
monly have. Am able to attend tlie public services of the Sal)baih con- 
stantly, and we have a weekly conference at my house evejy Thursday 
evening. But religion is vtry low with us, and in these pai'ts. 

I have printed seven sermons. P^ive of them have been reprinted in 
Ameiica, and three of the five have been printed in Scotland. I have 
also printed two other pamphlets — a Dialogue concerning the slavery of 
the Afticans, and another small pamphlet. 1 he former has had a second 
edition i;i New Yoj'k. I have aI>o published an answer to Dr. Mayhew's 
two sermons, to prove tl.ere are promises to the unregenerate, of 145 
pag<'s. A reply to Mr. Mill's exceptions to some passages in ihe lOlh 
section of the foregoing, containing 184 pages. In the year 1773, I pub- 
lished a book of 220 pajies, containing " An Inquiry concerning the nature 
of ti'ue holiness," ol 78 f)ages, vviiich has since been re[)rinted at New 
Yoi'k. It also contained answers to Messrs. Moses Mather, William 
Hart, of Saybroook, and INI. Ilemmenway, who had written in opposition 
to something which I had published, an<l to some writings of ]\Ir. Edwards 
and Dr. Bellamy. In the year 1783, I published a book of 194 pages, 
entitled, " An Inquiry concerning the future slate of those who die in their 
sins." 

In 1793, I published " A System of Doctrines contained in Divine 
Revelation, with a treatise on (he Millenium," in two volumes, octavo, 
containing 1244 pages. The Treatise on the Millenium, of 158 pages, 
has been re|)rinted in Euiope. 

In 1796, 1 published The Life of Miss Susanna Anthony, of 193 pages; 
of which a second edition is agreed upon with the printers, Hudson and 
Goodwin, at Hartford. 

I have written *' Memoirs of the Life of Mrs. Osborn," which is now at 
tlie press at Worce^ter, which is to contain about 400 pages, and is ex- 
pected to be published beibre next spring. 

We are going into a world of light, where it will be known what truth 
and what errors we have imbibed and contended for in this dark world ; 
and then all matters will be set riixht ; to which I feel no reluctance — 
hoping I sincerely love the truth, and that I am building on the sure foun- 
datioti laid in Zion, whatever hay and stubble may be found with me. 
And as to others, who are the piofessed friends of Christ, I desire not to 
judgp any of them before the time. 

If this should find you alive and in health, and you should find it in 
your heart to write me by the same conveyance in which this goes, you 
would much oblige 

Your kinsman and old fiiend, 

Rev. Jonathan Judd. S. Hopkins. 

P. S. Mrs. Hopkins wishes you to think of her as your respect.%1 friend. 



OLD BURYING-GROUND AT PEEKSKILL, N. Y. 

The marble monument erected to the memory of John Paulding, one 
of the captors of Major Andre, by the Corporation of New York City, 
bears the following inscription : — 

" Here repose the mortal remains of John Paulding, who died on 

the LStli day of Eebruary. 1818, in the GOth year of his age. On the 

morning of the 23d. of Sept., 1780, accompanied by two young farmers of 

the county of Weschester (whose names will one day be recorded on their 

5 



46 Old Burying- Ground at Pt:ek^ldll. [Jan. 

own deserved monuments,) he intercepted the British spy, Andre. Poor 
himself, he disdained to acquire wealth by sacrificing liis country. Re- 
jecting tiic temptation of great rewards, he conveyed iiis prisoner to the 
American camp, and, by this act of noble sell-denial, the treason of 
Arnold was detected ; the designs of the enemy ballled ; West Point and 
the American Army saved ; and the United States, now, by the grace of 
God, free and independent, preserved from imminent peril." On the east 
side is a wreath engraved on the marble, with the word " Fidelity," and 
on the west, ^^ Amor patrice vincit.^^ 

John Gilbert d. at Pet'ksklll, 30 ^larch, 1816, a? r)6. Elizabeth, his wife b. 
1763 — d. 1841. ]\Irs. Olive, wife of Kev. Jot-l Baker of Granville, Mass.. d. at 
Peekskill, 17 Nov., 1844, as G8. Col. Jas. Thompson, late ofliccr in the Revolu- 
tionary War, d. 27 Feb. 1804, a? 50; Sarah, his wife, d. 1 May, 1802, aj G2. 
Mary, wife of Samuel Drake, d. 21 May, 1779, aj 32 y. 5 nio. 17 ds. ; Rebeckah, 
wife of Sunuel Drake, Esq., b, 15 March, 1729, m. 14 ^lay, 1753, and <1. 13 May, 
17 72, a? 43 ; Samuel Drake d. 13 Jan. 17 74, a? 75; Gilbert Drake d. 8 Jan., 1809, 
86 89 ; Rath Drake d 14 Dee., 1828, ae 91 ; Sallv Drake d, 24 Mav, 1829, a 54 ; 
Ruth, wife of Wai. Drake, d. 178G, a? 68; Wni. Drake, Esc)., d. 29 April, 1802, 
a; 80; Joshua Drake, b. 14 Oct., 1759, d. 20 Feb., 1818, a; 59; Ann Drake b. 3 
Dec, 1768, d. March, 1822, ae 55 ; and follows, 

" The victory now is obtained 

She gon her dear Saviour to Se 
Her wishes she fully has gained 

She ijon whar she longed to be." 

Phebe, wife of Rob't Crumble, dau. of Joshua and Ann Drake, who d. 15 Dec, 
1846, aj 60. Sarah Tidd, wife of John Paulding, d. 23 Oct., 1789 ; \_John Jhiuld- 
ing had four wives and 19 children.] Richard Curry d. 20 Maich, 1806, ae 96 y. 
and 4 mos. ; Elizabeth, wife of Richard Curry, d. 14 Feb., 1778, ae 66 y. and 2 
mos. ; Bilbeeck Drake, wife of Capt. John D., d. 2 May, 1771, as 71; Jesper 
Drake d. 26 Feb., 1771, ae 19 ; Elizabeth, wife of Isaac Diake.'d. 7 Jan. 1772, as 
21 ; Jeremiah Drake, b. 1726, d. 6 May, 1784, ae 58. JMary, wife of John Tur- 
ner, d. 2 Sept., 1826, ae 79 ; John Turner d. 27 March, 1 788, as 42. Mary, wife 
of John Ward, d. 15 Sept., 1765, ae 69 ; John Ward, Esq., d. 7 Dec, 1767, ae 88; 
Elizabeth, dau. of Benj. and Phebe AVaid, d 20 March, 1847, as 52; lienjamin 
Ward, Esq., d. 26 Feb., 1842, ic 42, (.^on of Benj. and Phebe ;) Benjamin \Vard 
(a British officer) d. 21 April, 1817, as 65 ; Phebe, wife of Benj. Waid, d. 9 Jan., 
1848, a? 92, (drew a pension from British Government;) Jane, dau of Benj. and 
Phebe Ward, d. 22 Oct.. 1817, te 20 ; Caleb Ward d. 18 Dec, 1811, a^ 36 ; 'Caleb 
Ward b. 11 Nov., 1728, d. 16 May, 1802. a3 74 ; Mary, wife of Caleb Ward, b. 30 
April, 1731, d. 20 Feb., 1801, as 70. Sarah, wife Israel Jacobs, d. 22 Sept., 1820, 
86 62. Capt. James Mandeville d. 21 Dec, 1848. ge 88 v. 4. mos. 27 ds. ; Reuben 
Fowler d. 1 Feb., 1832, ae 78 y. 4 mos. 28 d.s. ; Jeremiah D. Fowler, M. D., d 28 
Oet., 1828, ae 42 y. 10 mos. 27 ds. ; Chauncy, son of John and Emily Fowler, d. 
4 Oct., 1830, 36 7 mos. 18 ds- ; Samuel Jacobs d. 22 March, 1844, » (M)\ Mary 
Jacobs d. 4 Aui;., 1845, ae 85 ; Sarah Bates, of N. Y , d. at P. 23 June, 1843, » 
91 y. 11 mos. 5 ds. ; Caleb Morgan d. 23 July, 1838, ac 91 ; Rebecca, widow of 
Gov. Warren, d. 18 Auuust, 1838, ae 34 y. and 4 mos. ; Jane, wife of Dr. Nath 
Drake, d. 27 March, 1834, a 62. 

"Near this st(me lie llie remains of Geokge jMcChatn, Lieutenant in 
the Gtb Keg. of U. S. Infantry, and distinguished for Ins \'<\\o\- in ihe bntiles 
of Cliij)peway and Bridgt'water. In him were united the eneigy of the 
soldier with the easy politenessof a gentleman. Impi-essed with the gr<'at 
truths of religion, be was hos|)itable, gentle, .*iober. just and contemplative. 
From the ardor of his love of country lie early dexoted himstdf to a ser 
vice, where he was brave, without vanity, and magnaninious, wiibout o-^tcn- 
tation. To perpetuate the memory of so beloved a cliMraeter, his mourn- 
ing friends have erected this humble stone, a frail memorial of their ven 
eration of his virtues and a faint testimony of their ^'rief for n misfor- 
tune alas indelibly engraved on their hearts, lie died PJ Oct., 1818, a3 32." 



1851.] Graduates of Harvard originating from Salem. 47 



GRADUATES OF HARVARD ORIGINATING FROM 

SAL KM. 

Tlie substance of the following ai-ticle formerly appeared in the 
Ameriean Quarlerly Register. It lias been enlarged and is now repub- 
lislied by permission. 

The refei'ences to Fi'lt's Annals are always to the original ed. (8 vo). 
W. W., denotes William Winthrop. 

J. P. D. 

1G42. — GKORftK Downing, son of Emanuel D., but horn i7i London\ 
lie returned to England in 1G45; his diversitied life successively presenting 
the several phases of a preaclier (tho' this was very brief), a Ci»jnmissa- 
ry-general (IG-33), a member of Parliament from Scotland (IG'^G), and 
an aml)a'<sador from Cromwell to the Hague (lGo7). Less than four 
years after, he was sent in the same capacity to the same power by 
the restored King. He seems to have been not a whit less adroit than his 
contemporary, South, in suiting his temper to the times, and e(iually far- 
sighted to see in their shadows, the signs of coming events. His charac- 
ter, low as it stood with English historians, was more infamous yet in the 
Q^y^A of his New England countrymen, and it passed iuto a proverb, to 
say of one who proved false to his trust, that " lie was an arrant George 
Downing." His renegade life will be found illustrated in Hutchinson^ 
Anthony Wooiij and Pcpys, — perhaps an epitotne of it in sufficient detail 
the reader will see in l^eWs AnnaJs of Salem, (pp. IGG — 170), and Pierce's 
Hist, of Harv. Univ., (Ap|>e!idix, No. Li). Downing m. Frances How- 
ard, of a high family, lG-5t ; was Knighted by King Charles at the Hague, 
when just about to set sail for the English shore, May 22, 1G60; and 
created a Raronet (styled in the Act — " of East Hatley in Cambridgeshire") 
July 1, 1GG3. He d. in 1G84, (oO). His sister. Arm, m. Gov. Bradstreet, 
and survived to April, 1713. His grandson, G. D., d. without issue in 
1747, and from his tnunificence was created at Cambridge in 1800, "Dow- 
ning Collejfe," the youngest foundation of that seat of the Muses. The 
value of the bequest is now estimated at more than £150,000. The pa- 
rentage of the graduate, from the mistake, in the first instance, of honest 
Wo!»d, was repeatedly mis-stated, as having been the son of Caljbute D., 
a Puritan divine. 

lOGG. — JosKPii P>R0WN, f?econd son of Wm. B., merch. : he had a fel- 
lowship in Cambridge, which he resigned Sept., 1G73, and shortly after 
receiving a call to settle at Charlestown, d. before ordination. May 19, 
1678. He m. Mehitabel, second daughter of Gov. Wm. Brenton, of the 
Rhode Island colon}'. 

] 070. — Nat;ianii^:l IIiggtnsox, second son of Rev. Jn. H., of S., but b. 
in Guilford, Ct. : returned to England in 1G74, and for about seven years 
was steward to Lord Wharton and tutor to his children. He was in the 
servi r-e of the Mint, 1G81, went, in that of the P^a^t India Co., to Fort 
St. George, 1G83; was of the Council and also its Secretary, and Gov. of 
the faetory at the Fort. He m. Elizabeth Richards, 1602 ; returned to 
England in 1700, and d. a merchant in London, 1708. {FelCs Annals, 
pp. :V49— 350). 

168o. — Pktkr RuriK, 'probably of S. : This somewhat uncouth name, 
thouirh unknown elsewhere, and long extinct in S., occurs often in the ear- 
ly Records. John R., one ot the Selectmen to whom, in 168G, the Indian 



48 Graduates of Harvard originating frora Salem. [Jan. 

deed of tlie township, oriixinally from George, the Naumkeag Sagamore, 
was made out, in form, by his (h\sc*endanfs ; was also a deputy to the Assem- 
bly 168.3, '1)0, '91, and d. in 1(>98 (71) ; not unlikely the fa'her of the 
graduate. Samuel and James R., are found in the next eentuiy (1733 — '35); 
and as late as 1772, Ruth R. is one of the original members of the North 
Ch. (the Stone Ch. on Essex st.j "Ihe Salem Gazette and Newbury 
and INIarbleheal Advei-tiser" was published by E. Russell in 1774, "in 
Ruck" (now Lynde?) " St., near the S;ate (i. e. Court) House." Peter 
R. — which name is nowhei'e met with in the Records, — is asterized in 
1690. W. W. simply says of him, — " merch. in Boston, and brother to 
Justice Ruck." 

1C95. — Walter Price, son of Jolm P. : he was a Captain in the 
enfragement with the French and Indians at Haverhill, in 1708, (see 
HutcJiinson s lis. of Mass.^ H. p. 173), a Commissioner of the Pj'ovince 
Loan for Essex, and Naval officer for the port of S. He m. (1) Freestone, 
dan. of Jn. Turner, Mardi, 1G99 ; (2) Elizabeth, dan. of Wm. Hirst, 
February, 171G, and d. A})ril 5, 1731, (oo). 

Timothy Linda ll, son of T. L. : he d. October 25, 17G0, 

(83), the last survivor of his class, havir»g been a Rey)r. many years and 
Speaker of the House; of the Exec, Council, and Judcre of the C. PI. 
Ct. — [Boston Eve. Post). He m. Bethiah Kitchen, May, 1711. The 
late Hon. Tiio. Lindall Winthrof), of Boston, and Dr. T. Lindall Jennison, 
of Cambi'idge, are in the line of his descent. 

1701. — Geouoe CcmvEN, son of Hon. Jon. C. : eighth min. of the 
First Ch. [1714 — '17]; he m. Mehitabel, dau. of Deliverance Parkman, 
and was cut off in his bloom, dyinjr, (before his father), November 23, 
1717, (3o). 

1705. — John Rogers, son of Jerem. R. : second xmn. of Boxford, 
south par. [1709 — '43]. resigned and d. at his son's, in Leominster, (Rev. 
Jn. R., II. U. 1732). where his last years were passed, about 17')0. The 
parents of the Boxfoi'd minister would seem to have been in humble life 
and indigent condition. (Felt's Annals^ p. 380). 

1708. — Samuel Phillips, son of S. P., goldsmith : j^r*^ min. of 
Andovcr, south par.; m. Hannah, dau. of.lohn White, of Haverhill, Jan., 
1713; and d. after a sixty years ministry, June 5, 1771, (82). He pub- 
lished about fourteen oc.?asional Discourses, and a joint-elegy u[)on the 
Rev. N. Noyes and Geo. Curwen. 

1715. — Benjamin Mahston, son of Wm. M. : he was a merch., Col. 
of njilitia, and sheriff of Essex ; also Judge of Sessions and C. PI. Ct. 
He m. (1) Mehit. dau. of Rev. Henry Gibbs, of Watertown ; (2) Eliza- 
beth, dau. of Hon. Isaac Winslow, of Marshlield; and d. in 1754 at 
Manchester, to which place he had removed. 

1717. — John Higginson, son of Jn. II. and gr.-son of Rev. Jn. II.: 
he sustained the chief town-offices; was a J. of P. and County Register; 
and also commanded a company. He m. (1) Ruth Bordman, Dec, 1719, 
(2) Esther Cabot; and d. July 15, 1744 (i(y). 

1718. — Mitchkl Sewall, eld. son of Major Stephen S. : m. (1) 
Mary Cabot, (May, 1729); (2) Elizabeth Price, June, 1743 ; succeeded his 
father in 1725 as Clerk of the Ct. of Sessions and of C. PI.; became 
Justice of the same, 1733, and d. Oct. 13, 17 18, (49). 

Benjamin Lynde, son of Hon. B. L. [H. U. 1G8G]: he held 

various responsible trusts, — not all of them easily compatible by the mod- 
ern standard, — Repr., a Counsellor, Nav;d officer of the port, a Ruling 
Elder of the First ch., a Jinl^^e of the Ct. of Sessions and C. PL, and 
toward the close of life, Judge of Probate. These honors were lost in 



1851.] Graduates of Harvard originating from Salem. 49 

tlie higlier dignity of Judge of the S. J. Ct., which he held for twenty- 
.six years [1745 — 71]. Judge L. m. Mary Goodridge, wid. ; dau. of 
Major John Bowles, of Roxbury, and d. Oct. 9, 1781, (81). 

1719. — TiiKOPiiiLUS Pickering, son of John P.: third m\n. of Che- 

baco par. (now Essex) Ipswich, where he d. — a bachelor — after twenty 

' years of service, Oct. 7, 1747, (48). — {Bost.Gaz. Nov. 10). 

, 1721 — Stephkn Skwall, second son of Major Steplien S. : he com- 

I menced as a preacher, became a Tutor in College [1728 — '39], was then 

raised to the bench of the S. J. Ct., over which, on the death of Dudley, 

in 1752, he was cliosen to preside. He d. at his residence in Boston, Sept. 

10, 17G0, {^^), being then a member of Dr. Mayhew's (West) church. 

Joiix WoLCOTT, son of Josiah W., mercli. : he was for a time 

in mercantile business with Col Wm. Brown. He was also a Repr., and 
J. of P., and in 1737 succeeded Benj. Marston as Sheriff of Essex. He 
m. Elizabeth Pompilion of Boston, 1730, and d. May, 1747, (44.) 

1722. — Samukl Jefferds, son of Simon J.; second min. of Wells, 
Me., ord. Dec, 1725, and d. Feb. 5, 1752 (48). 

1723. — JoiiN\GARDiNER,eld. son of Capt. Jn. G. : If this is the person 
frequently g\YQX\ by Felt as a Repr. from S., [1741 — '47], it is not very 
easily reconciled with Winthrop's JlfSS., where the graduate is styled " a 
merch. in Bost." He is aster, in 1756. 

1724. — James Osgood, son of Dea. Peter O. : j^rs^ min. of Stone- 
ham, ord. Sept., 1729, and d. March 2, 1745, (40). 

Marston Cabot, (whose father, as appears from Felt (p. 368) 

was a son-in-law of Benj. Marston [H. U. 1G89] : min. of Killingly, Ct., 
ord. 1730, and d. in 175(5. Two occasional sermons by him are in print. 

John Cabot, son of John C, merch., (and not probably a broth- 
er of the preceding) : phys. in S. ; m. (1) Sarah Higginson, Dec, 1732 ; 
(2) Hannah, dau. of Francis Clark, and d. June 3, 1749, (45). 

1725. — Benj. Browne, son of John B. : he was Repr. of S. several 
years, and often a Selectman. He m. Eunice, dau. of Col. Jn. Turner, 
June, 1729, which union first connected the two opulent families of the 
place ; and d. (then styled " Col. B.") Feb. 3, 1750, (44). 

1727. — Samuel Browne, eld. son of Hon. S. B. : his property, as 
given by Felt, exceeded £5200 ; that part which was vested in real es- 
tate, amounting to over an hundred thousand acres, in various places, 
(Annals of S., p. 424J. He m. Cath., dau. of Jn. Winthrop, of Boston, in 
the fifth generation from the pilgrim Governor, and d. Nov. 26, 1742, (34). 

William Browne, younger brother of the preceding : he was 

Justice of the Ct. of Sessions, Repr., and of the Exec. Council. He 
was struck w^ith apoplexy in his garden, April 27, 1763, (54). His two 
wives were (1) Mary, dau. of Gov. Burnett, (2) Mary, dau. of Philip 
French, of New Brunswick, N. J. 

1728. — Nathaniel Lindall, son probably of Nath. L., and nephew 
of T. L. (see ante). Wiiithrop's MSS. sty\e him " merch. in B." He 
is aster, in 1776. 

1729. — Richard Clark, son of Francis C. : became a merch. and 
tea-consignee in Bost. ; was hence obnoxious to the populace in the open- 
ing scenes of the Revolution. (See Gordons Hist., vol. I., and the early 
newspapers). His house in School st. was the scene of a riotous assault, 
on the return of his son, Jonathan C, from England, as one of the East 
India Co.'s factors. (B. N. Letter, Nov. 22, 1773). Both father and son 
are in the Proscr. Act. R. C. m. Elizabeth, dau. of Edw. Winslow of 
Bost. : became a refugee and d. at the house of his son-in-law, John 

5* 



60 Graduates of Harvard originating from Salem. [Jan. 

Sinjjleton Copely, the well-known artist, (who in. Susan Clark, Nov., 
17G9), in Lend., February 27, 1705, (85). 

17o0. — John Barton, son of Col. Tho*s B. ; apothecary: a merch. 
in S., who d. — unm. — Dec. 21, 1774, (63). 

1732. — Samuel Gardnkr, third son of Capt. John G. : was an 
eminent merch. and Repr. : m. Esther Orne (who afterwards (June, 1770.) 
became the wife of Francis Cabot of S.) and d. Apr. 7, 176'J, {'u). 

1733. — William Lynde, younger son of (the first) Hon. Benj. 
L. : a merch. of considerable estate ; d. May 10, 1752, (38). 

Benjamin Gekkisii, i^on of B. G., the first Naval officer and Col- 
lector: he was a Repr. and in 1739 Notary Public. He m. Margaret 
Cabot, Jan., 1737, and d. in 1752, (38). [Felt has erroneously styled 
him Governor of Bermuda; confounding him, very likely, with another 
B. G. who was one of the King's Counsellors for Nova Scotia and Pay- 
master of his Majesty's forces in that province and Newfoundland. This 
last d. at Southampton, Eng., May 6, 1772, (55). 

— Joseph Orne, son of ? he was frequently Selectman, and 

was a public-spirited citizen. He is aster, in 1748. [But is he not the 
J. O. who d. in the Dec'r of the same year, and to whom Felt refers p. 
437?] 

1735. — Samuel Curwen, eld. son of Rev. Geo. C, (see ante.)-, edu- 
cated for the ministry, but left it to become a merch. He held the title of 
Capt. in the Cape Breton expedition, 1745, was an impost officer for 
Essex CO. 1759 — '74, and for a time J. of Admiralty : at the Revolution, a 
loyalist, who being annoyed, and at the same time of excessive timidity, 
first rt^moved to Philad. and soon took refuge in England. He returned 
to S. after tiie Peace and d. Apr. 9, 1802 (86). Mr. C. m. the dau. of 
the Hon. Daniel Russell, of Charlestown, and sister of Hon. Chambers R. 
[H. U. 1731]. His house, the irregular and time-honored structure, west 
corner of Essex and North sts., is made memorable by other and less 
pleasing associations, (being the Court-Room on the trials for witchcraft, 
1692). Judge C.'s 'Journal and Diary,' while abroad, were published by 
his descendant, Mr. G. A. AVard, of New York, in 1842, (8 vo.) 

Geoi^je Curwen, younger brother of S. C. : was a Commissary 

under Sir Wm. Pepperell in the Louisberg exi>edition; and d. at St 
Eustatia while on some mercantile enterprise, June 7, 1746, (29). [Win- 
ihrop'sM SS. say — d. at sea, 1747]. He m. Sarah Buckman. 

1740. — Samuel Orne, second son of Timothy O. : a merch. in S., who 
d. Sept. 16. 1774 (54). 

1745. — Iciiabod Plaisted, son of Col. I. P.; ni. Eunice, dau. of 
Benj. Browne, Esq., and d. Dec, 1755, (35) styled " Capt. I. P., jr." 

Andrew Higginson, second son of John H. (see ante.) : " went 

to sea early from College and was lost," (Winthrop'sMSS..) aster, m 1748. 

Nathaniel Ropes, son of N. R. : he was a Repr. and of the 

Exec. Council ; a Judge of the Ct. of Sessions and of C. PI., and for a 
brief period of little more than a year. Judge of the S. J. Ct. [Jan. 1772 
— 1773]. He m. Prijrcilla, dau. of Rev. John Sparhawk, of the first ch., 
and d. of the small-pox, March 18, 1774 (46) holding at the time the of- 
fice of Ivuling Elder of the First ch. Judge R. was, by common repute, 
a loyalist in the politics of the time, but not of " the siraitest sect." AViieth- 
er tliis is to be qualified or not, however, it hardly comes within the \QYgQ 
of credibility that his house should have been assailed, the night before his 
decease, in some popular outbreak of the time ; and yet so runs the cuirent 
tradition. 



1851.] Graduates of Harvard originating from Salem. 51 

1749. — Benjamin Marston, son of B. M., [H. U. 1715, see ante] : 
a merch. at Marblehead, who, at the Revolution, became a loyalist and ref- 
ugee, lie was eventually in the service of tlie British African Company; 
and previously to their adoption, it is understood, was reduced to a degree 
of indigence almost commiserable. He d. in this connection, of a fever, 
at Baalam's Isle, on the coast of Africa, in the spring or summer of 1793. 
{Col. Gent. Oct. 12, 1793.) 

1755. — William Browne, son of Samuel B. (see ante.) : he was a 
Repr. of S. many years, (he and his colleague, Frye, being of the noted 
seventee7i "Rescinders" in that body, Feb., 17G8), Col. of the Essex regi- 
ment. Collector of the ports of Salem and Marblehead. He succeeded 
Judge Ropes, though for scarcely a longer period than he, on the bench of 
the S. J. Ct. ; refusing, in a more manly and spirited card than was com- 
mon on such occasions, to receive this last oifice as a trust from the Pro- 
vincial Assembly, (instead of the King) and also to^decline the honor of 
Mand. Comms'r. to which he had been called. (See Bast. Gaz. Sept. 12, 
1774, and compare the tone of Col. Frye's address to his fellows-citizens 
in the same paper). Col. B. left the country with the Revolution ; was 
deputed by the Crown to the post of Governor of Bermuda [1781 — '90], 
and returning to England, d. in Percy st., Westminister, Feb. 13, 1802, 
(55). He m. his cousin, a dau. of Gov. Joseph Wanton, of Newport, R. 
I. His son, a Lieut, in the British service, was in the memorable siege 
of Gibralter, 1782. (See Gurwen's Journal and Diary, in which Col. B.'s 
name and presence are quite familiar.) 

1757. — TuoMAS TOPPAN, son of Dr. Bazaleel T. [H. U. 1722] : he 
d. of consumption, Apr. 25, 1758, (20). (First ch. Records.) 

1759. — Benjamin Pickman, son of Col. B. P. (who d. Aug. 20, 
1773) : a merch. in early life ; he became '* an absentee" during the Revo- 
lution, and his name is found in the Proscr. Act. He returned in March, 
1785. He m. Mary, dau. of Dr. Bazaleel Toppan ; was for fifteen years, 
(i. e. to his resignation of the trust in 1803) Town Treasurer, and indeed 
to the end of life (Apr. 1819 — at the age of 79,) an exact recorder of 
domestic events, and a more certain reference upon such points than the 
official records of the place. 

John Pickering, eld. son of Dea. Tim. P.: Repr. of S. and 

once Speaker of the House, a Judge of C. PI. Ct., and for more than 
twenty years Register of Deeds. He lived and d. — a hach. — in Broad 
St., Aug. 22, 1811, (71). [This antique and — for a city — singularly 
rural mansion has passed away ; at least cannot now be recognized in its 
remodelled, and for the most part admired form, after the style of early 
English architecture, by his late distinguished namesake and nephew, of 
Boston.] 

Samuel Gardner, son of ? d. at Monie Christ!, 17G2, 

(21). {WinthrofsNSS.) 

Nathan Goodale, son of ? he became the first Clerk 

(1789) of the Federal District Ct. of Mass., (a merch. perhaps for a few 
preceding) ; removed soon after to Boston ; and d. in retirement at New- 
ton, Aug., 180G (G5). Mr. G. m. (1) Mary, dau. of Mitchell Sewall, (2) 
Margaret, dau. of Lt. Gov. Gushing. The political stamp of his earlier 
life is somewhat equivocal and puzzling. In the dawn of the Revolution 
he appears, from Curwen's Journal, to have sought refuge for a while 
from popular jealousy or dislike, at Nantucket; as did Pynchon and Orne. 
In the close of the struggle, somewhat to our surprise, we find him in Felt 
{Annals, p. 50 G,) a prisoner, returning home on British parole, and read 



52 Graduates of Harvard originating from Salem. [Jan. 

the vote of thanks to him from " the House " for " his great services to 
the cause ! " 

17G2. — Gkorge Gardner, eld. son of Samu'l G., (see ante)', a 
merch. in S. who d. Jan. 1774 (30] — unm. He was a liberal benefactor 
to Harvard Col. at his death, and also to his native town by various lega- 
cies contingent on the life of his brother, Weld G., who survived him 
many years. 

1763. — John Cabot, eld. son of Jos. C. of S. : a merch. in Beverly, 
in early life; removed to Boston or lloxbury and there d. Aug. 27, 1821, 
(76). He ra. Hannah, dau. of Geo. Dodge. [His younger brother, an 
eminent statesman, the Hon. Geo. C, wiio d. in Bost,. in 1823, was, for 
an uncertain period, of the class of 1770. He received a degree in 1779. 

Timothy Pickering, younger brother of John P. (see ante.): 

the mature period of Col. P.'s protracted life was passed in the field or 
at Washington, where, as is well known, he filled a variety of the highest 
public trusts ; its last thirty years in Wenham or Salem. His latest po- 
litical service was as Repr. in Congress from Essex vSouth District, [1814 
— '17]. He d. in S. (to which he removed in 1819) Jan. 29, 1829, (84). 
His long series of services and honors make a part of American history 
and need therefore the less to be detailed here. Col. P. m. Rebecca 
White, (b. in Bristol, Eng.) dau. of Benj. W. of Boston. 

1764. — Jonathan Goodhue, second son of Benj. G. : a merch. in S., 
who m. Dorothy, dau. of Jacob Ashton, and d. Apr. 19, 1778, (34). 

1765. — Henry Gardner, younger brother of Geo. G. (see a;?^e.) : 
many years a merch. in S., but retired finally to Maiden, where he d. 
Nov. 8, 1817. He m. Sarah, dau. of Jn. Turner, Esq. 

Joseph Orne, son of Jon. O., and brother of the eminent 

mercli. Capt. Wm. O. : a phys. of promise, who began his career in Bev- 
erly and seven years after removed to S., where he m. Mary, dau. of 
Rev. Dudley Leavitt, Nov. 1774, and became one of the earliest projec- 
tors of the American Academy. He fell a victim of consumption, Jan. 
28, 1786, (37). His second wife, whom he m. in Oct., 1781, Theresa 
Emery of Exeter, N. H., survived him fifty-seven years, and died at the 
age of 82, in S., within the fresh memory of all. 

Nath. Ward, son of John W. : he had declined the chair of 

Mathematics and Nat. Philosophy in King's (now Columbia) College, New 
York, and being a()pointed Librarian at Cambr. d. a week after, of a 
fever, Oct. 12, 1766 (22). He was unm. 

■ William Pickman, third and youngest son of Col. B. P. : for 

a time, Naval officer of the port of S. ; m. Eliza, dau. of Rev. Dudley Lea- 
vitt, of the Tabernacle ch., and d. Nov. 5, 181o (67). 

1766. — Henry Gibbs, son of H. G. [H. U. 1726] : a merch. in S., m. 
Mercy, dau. of Benj. Prescott [H. U. 1736], and gr.-dau. of Rev. B. 
P. of Danvers ; and d. eTune 29, 1794 (46.) [The well known and emi- 
nent genealogist, AVm. G., now of Lexington, and the Prof, in the New 
Haven Divinity school, Josiah Willard G., are his sons.] 

Joseph Doavse, "son of Jos. D., of Salem, and a Surgeon in 

the British army in the W. L" Winthrop's MSS. [A refugee in all like- 
lihood ; especially if his father were a retainer of the Crown, — the " Sur- 
veyor and Searcher of the ports of S. and IMarblehead," mentioned by Felt. 
(Annals, p. 456.) 'J'he Dowse family, nearly a century earlier, were 
among the considerable names of Charlestown ; and hence it may be sur- 
mised, Dr. Josiah ]5artlett in his history of that town (Hist. Coll. XII, 
178) has counted the graduate among its sons ; by what warrant, we are 
not aware. Some of the children of the elder Jos. D. were living, since 



1851.] Graduates of Harvard originating from Salem. 53 

the Peace of '83, in S., as its elder citizens distinctly recall ; the family 
mansion being that now occu[)ied by the Messrs. Wlieatland, a sinjrle par- 
lor of whioh, it is said, sufficed for his Majesty's service. Tlie Col. Cent. 
(Dec. 16, 1807) jxives in its obituary — "in Bost. Miss Margaret Dowse, 
dau. of the late Jos. D. formerly of S. (82)." The graduate's career is 
lost in obscurity, saving the vague mention by W. VV. ; he is aster, in 
1827.] 

Ben^. Goodhue, fourth son of B. G. : merch in S., and also 

Repr. in Congress from the Essex District, or U. S. Senator, [178IJ — 
1800]; m. (1) Frances Ritchie of Piiilad., (2) Ann, dau. of Abijah 
Willard, of Lancaster, Nov., 1804; and d. July 28,1814 (GG). His 
widow, (now in Lancaster,) yet survives. 

Jacob Ashton, ehi. son of Jacob A. : merch. and fornearly thirty 

years Pi-es. of the " S. Marine Insurance Co." ; m. Susanna, dau. of Capt. 
Richard Lee, May, 1771 ; and d. Dec. 28, 1814. (8.j). 

17G8. — James Diman, eld, son of Rev. J. D. of the P2ast ch. [11. U. 
1730] : lie m. Esther Merrill, Nov., 1779, and removed to Stratham, N. 
H., (as a farmer probably) where he d. Dec. 20, 1823, (73); styled in 
the obituary, "formerly of Portsmouth." 

Timothy Oune, son of Tim. O., (who died in 17G7) ; he was 

a merch., like his father; m. Elizabeth, dau. of Wm. Pynclion. Esq., and, 
like his father-in-law, is on the list of the loyal addi'cssers of Gov. Gage 
on his departure. He seems, indeed, to have been with Goodale and Pyn- 
chon a temporary sojourner in tlie Island of Nantucket, while the effer- 
vescence of his townsmen lasted ; and at some previous date, to judge from 
Ourwen's Journal^ (p. 43) was in no little danger of that lorm of Lynch 
law which prevailed in our Northern section during what were called patri- 
otic times. Mr. O. d. in Danvers, "of decay," Dec. 23, 1789, (39). 

1771. — Edward Kitchen Turner, youngest son of John T., (the 
son-in-law of Edw. Kitchen,) and gr.-son of the opulent ,Jn. T. mentioned 
in the Arinals of S. (p. 422) ; P^. K. T. was a medical student with Dr. 
Holyoke for three years, and then sailed, either for business or health, to 
the north of Europe. In one of these passages from Gottenbui*g he was 
lost, corj. between 1775 — '7G. "\V. W. entirely blunders in assigning the 
year of his graduation as that of his death. 

Joshua Dodge, son of Capt. Geo. D. : trader, and for a few 

years Town-treasurer, [1810 — Dec, 1813]; m. Elizabeth, dau. of Jn. 
Crowningshield, Apr. 1777; and d. Jan., 1814, (G2). 

1775. — Thomas Fitch Oliver, eld. son of Hon. Andrew O. [H U. 
1749] and gr.-son of Lt. Gov. (Andrew) O. [H. U. 1724]: Episcopal 
min. successively at Marblehead [178G — '91], Providence, R. I., and St. 
Thomas' Retreat, (so called,) Garretson forest, near Baltimore, Md. He 
d. at this last location, Jan. 25, 1797, (39). His widow, vSarah, dau. of 
Wm. Pynchon, Esq., survived him until a recent period. [His son, the 
late and lamented Dr. Daniel O. [H. U. 180G], formerly Prof, at Dart- 
mouth Col. d. in Cambridge, then for some years past his residence, of a 
peculiar and painful malady. May 1, 1842.] 

1776. — Joseph Blaney, son undoubtedly of Jos. B., Clerk of the 
Ct. of C. PI. [H. U. 1751] ; and who, as tradition goes, long occupied what 
was since known as the Lawrence house, near the Rail-Road Station. 
The father d. in June, 178G, having survived his son, one must suspect, 
several years, since he is aster, even in 1782, and no clue to his short his- 
tory is detected as yet. 

1780. — Samuel Williams, eld. son of Geo. W. : crossed the Atlantic 
in 1793 to establish himself as a merch. in Hamburg, where he also soon 



64 Graduates of Harvard or'tginating from Salem. [Jan. 

becamo U. S. Consul ; two or three years after, he received the same 
charGje in Lond., to which he had removed. He was superseded in this in 
1801, at the coming in of the Jefferson Administration, and from tlmt date 
to 1825, was the chief member of a noted and long prosperous banking- 
house ir» L. A romantic stor}' is told (which we Iiave no means to give 
with precision and in minute detail,) of his almost incredible rescue from 
death on a former passage, when his own siiip, in collision with an unknown 
vessel, in a night intensely dark, was run down ; and he alone, strangely, 
and without agency of his own, transferred from the deck of the one ves- 
sel to the shrouds of the other. This event, ever fresh, left in him an in- 
vincible antipathy to the sea from that day. lie at length, however, re- 
turned to America in 1835, and d. — unm. — at the house of liis brother, 
(Tim. W.) in Boston, in Jan., 1841. 

1781. — .Samuel Oknk, youngest son of Tim. O. and neph. of S. O., 
[H. U. 1740] : he d. early, a merch. in S., Feb. 20, 1785 {;1'2). 

John Saundehs, son of Jn. S. : merch. in S. and dry goods 

importer in early life; then a commission merch. in New York city; re- 
turning to S. successively auctioneer and Cashier of the Merchants' Bank. 
For some latter years he was in the Custom-House. He was the first 
commander of the " S. Cadets," and is best remembered by his miliffiry 
title, "Major S." He m. Sally, dau. of Benj. Crowningshield, Sept., 1783; 
and d. June 19, 1845, which was hastened by a fall the previous day. 

1784. — Benj. Pickman, eld. son of Col. B. P. (see ante.): gent, of 
fortune in S. : M. C. for Essex South district [1809 — '11]; and equally 
well known as his father by the address " Col. P.," which title has since 
rested upon his eldest son, the late Hon. B. P. of Boston ; at his death 
Pres. of the Mass. Senate. It has thus passed through four generations 
inheriting the same name. Col, P. m. Anstis, dau. of E. H. Derby, Oct., 
1789 ; removed, in his solitude, to Bost. 1835 — 6 ? and his late mansion, 
the most admired model in our city of olden elegance and grandeur, has 
gone into sti-angers hands. His death occurred in S., August 11, 1843, 
(80), in part the consequence of a casualty, an overturn from his carriage. 

Timothy Williams, second son of Geo. AV. : a merch. in 

Bost.; d. — a bach. — at the United States Hotel, Feb., 184G. 

1785. — Samuel Gardner Derby, second son of Richard D. : in 
early life, a merch. in S. ; for the last thirty years a gent, fartner in Wes 
ton, where he d. Jan. 17, 1843, (76). He m. (1) Margaret, dau. of Sam 
uel Barton, Jan., 1791; (2) Lucj^, dau. of Dr. Jos. Osgood, 1803; (3 
Ann Archibald, of Bost., (who survived him) Sept., 1817. " Gen. D." — 
his most familiar distinction was — the first Capt. of the "Salem Light 
Infantry." 

Ebenezer Putnam, son of Dr. E. P. [II. U. 1739] : lived, for 

the most part, without profession, in S. ; m. (1 & 2) Sally and Ellzahelh, 
daughters of Gen. John Fiske, May, 1791, and Nov., 1796 ; and d. Feb. 
25, 1826, (58). 

1786. — John Derby, second son of Gen. E. Hasket D. : merch. in S. 
m. (1) Sally, dau. of Samuel Barton, (2) P^leanor Coffin, of Portland, 
Me. ; and d. instantly, from apoplexy, while looking into his letter-box at 
the Post-Office, Nov. 25, 1831, (65). 

—Samuel Pickering Gardner, second son of Jn. G. of S. and 

Wenham (removing to the latter in 1778) : a merch. in Charleston, S. 
C, a few years ; came to Bost. in 1793; m. liebecca Russell, dau. o( 
Hon. Jn. Lowell [H. U. 1760] ; and d. Dec. 18, 1843 (76). Mr. G.'s 
late residence in Summer St., (nearly opposite Trinity ch.) was, by tradi- 
tion, the seat of Major Leonard Vassall, the original emigrant of the fam 



1851.] Graduates of Harvard originating from Salem. 55 

ily from Jamaica, and donor of tlie land now the site of the churcli ; as 
well as the lather of a lordly race of sons and grand-sons. The mansion 
is, holli in ihe material and style, one of the last lingering patterns — and 
long may it stand — of a past age of architecture. 

John Gibaut, son of J. G., a native of Guernsey, who came 

in his} out h to the U. S. : he was Collector of the Port of Gloucester, 
and d.. as it is thought, unm., Aug. 11, 1805. 

1787. — William Mason, only son of Capt. Tho. M. : went to 
Charleston, S. C, and was there a teacher; dying, unm., Fch., 1805 (27). 

1788. — JosErii Cabot, eld. son of Jos. C. : a merch. in S., who m. Es- 
ther Orne, dau. of Dr. Wm. Paine, (finally of Worcester,) Nov., 1795 — 
sinc«- the wife and widow of Ichahod Tiic ker, Er^q. lie d. Nov. 20, 1799 (28). 

[t^^ The record to this date is of the departed only : in the names that 
follow, those of whom this fact does not appear, are to be understood as 
living; and the suffix — unm. — will designate those known to be unmar- 
ried.] 

1791. — EzEKiEL Hersey Deeby, third son of Ilasket D. : in earlier 
life, a merch. in S., but wiio for nearly thirty-five years past, has lived at 
his seat in South-Salem, (so called,) a cons[)icuous and active agriculturist. 
He m. Hannah Brow^n, dau. of Tim. Fitcli, of Medtoid. 

Thomas Pickman, second son of Col. B. P. : Phys. in S. ; m. 

(1) JMai-y, dau. of Ca])t. Jn. Haraden, (2) Sophia, dau. of Jos. P. Pal- 
mer, Dec, 1815, and d. of consumption, Jan. 2, 1817. (43). 

1792. — John Sparhawk Appleton, son of Jn A., Es-q. [H. U. 1757] : 
for many years a bookseller in S. (firm of " Cushing & A,") ; m. Mary, 
dau. of Capt. Peter Lander, Apr. 1807, and d. of consumption, Dec. 20, 
1824, (49). 

George Gardner Lee, son of Capt. Tho. Lee: in early life 

a Lieut, in the U. S. Navy ; in after years a n)erch. in Bost., of which he 
had often been a Repr., and had just been re-chosen at the time of his sud- 
den death — in his bed, between bed time and morning, when it was first 
known — May, 181G (41). His accomplished widow — Hannah F., dau. 
of Dj-. Micajah Sawyer, of Newburyport, [H. U. 175G] — is well and 
honorably known in the walks of authorship. 

AVillard Peele, youngest son of Capt. Jn. P. : had the sec- 
ond honors of his class; commenced the study of the hnv, which preca- 
rious h<'alth led him to exchange for a mercantile life ; Pres. of the Com- 
mercial Bank from the first to his death, which \\'<\\)\)Q\\(d(\ fdo de se, June 
13. 1835, (G2). He m. Margaret, dau. of John Appleton, Esq., [II. U. 
1757]. 

Joseph Sprague, son of Major Jos. S. : merch. in S. ; m. 

Mar«jaret, dau. of Dr. Jos. Osgood, and d. June, 1833 (Gl). 

179G. — John Pickering, eld. son of Col. T. P., (see ante.) : Couns.- 
at-law in S. ; in 1827 removed to Bost. where he held the place of City 
Solicitor from 1829 to his death, in May, 184 G, (69). Mr. P. m. Sarah, 
dan. of John White, of Portsmouth. His name as a scholar, at his death, 
was far diffused ; and in the departments of philology and the ancient 
classics, he perhaps left in our own land no equal behind him. The vol- 
umes of the American Academy (to which he contributed much, and of 
which society he was Pr sident at his death,) the Greek and Englisli Lexi- 
con, (the joint work of Dr. Oliver and himself,) and the Vocabulary of 
Amer canisms testify to his accurate and various leaining. 

FuANCis Williams, youngest son of Geo. W. : almost from 

his youth, his life has been pas-ed in Europe, his residence being of late 
years in Bruges, until his dej'th, (summer of 1847) «mm. 

1797. — Jonathan AVuitaker, son of Rev. J. W., of the Tabernacle 



66 Graduates of Harvard originating from Salem. [Jan. 

ch. [N. J. Coll. 1754] : min. for a short time at New Bedford, third socie- 
ty ; iheii removed to V^irginia and North Carolina, being both preacher 
arid teacher a while, at Raleigh. His final residence was in Western 
New York, [1831 — '35] as an instructor, first at Ogdensburgh and next 
at lleniiettM, (•' Principal of the Monroe High Sch.") dying at the last 
place, Nov. 15), 1835, (64). He m. JMary Kimball, of Bradford, sister of 
Rev. Daniel K. 

1798. — John Hatiiokne, eld. son of Col. Jn. H.: shopkeeper in S.; 
m. Elizabeth Burchmore of S., Oct., 1809, and d. Jan. 15, 1829, (53). 

1800.— William Rufus Gray, eld. son of Hon. AVm. G. : a merch. 
in Bust. ; m. Mary, dau. of Rev. Jos. Clay, lately of Savannah, Geo.; and 
d. July 29, 1831. 

John Prince, eld. son of Rev. Dr. P. of the First ch., [H. U. 

1770] : Notary public in S., and in 1828 succeeded Ichabod Tucker as 
Clerk of the Cts. for Essex, which he resigned in 1841. He m. Louisa, 
dau. of Capt. Peter Lander, and d. Sept. 22, 1848, (66). 

1801. — John Forrester, eld. son of Capt. Simon F. : for many 
years a prosperous merch. in S. ; m. Charlotte, sister of Hon. Jos. Story ; 
'and d. Feb., 1837. 

Benjamin Pierce, fourth son of Jerathmiel P. ; had the first 

honors of his class, became ibr many years, in connection with his father, 
a merch. ; also a Repr, of S. and a Senator from Essex co. ; removed to 
Cambridge in 1826 as Librarian of the Univ., and there d. July 26, 1831, 
(53) ; a sacrifice to his extreme devotion to the preparation of the new 
Catalogue of the Library, which ap[)eared soon after his death (3 vols. 8vo.) 
His '^ History of Harvard University" (8 vo. 1833) — another pos- 
thumous memorial, — is, if not the most ambitious to a true antiquary, 
the most v\elcome and congenial record of our Alma Mater. Mr, P 
m. Lydia Ropes, dau. of Capt. Ich. Nichols. 

1802. — IciiABOD Nichols,* fourth son of Capt.L N. : the most hon 
ore<l member at Commencement, of a much-famed class ; Mathem. Tutor 
at Cambr. [1807 — '09]; third mm. of the First ch. of Portland, being 
ord. as colleague with Rev. Dr. Deane, June 7, 1809; m. (1) Dorothy 
dau. ol Gov. (Jn. Taylor) Gilman, of Exeter, N. IL, (2) Martha Stoi 
row, dau. of Stephen Iligginson, of Cambr., IMay, 1832. He has publishec 
but little, except the Natural Theology, (12mo. 1830), a volume o 
classical authority in the theological schools. 

Charles Saunders, eld. son of Capt. Tho. Saunders : awhil 

a merch. in Salem ; Steward of Harv. Univ. [1827 ~ '30] ; since then ; 
virtuoso and gent, of leisure ; for several years resident in Boxford 
north parish ; of late, his abode nowhere long stationary. He m. Char 
lotte Nichols, sister of the preceding. 

1803.— Simon Forrester, second son of Cnpt. S. F. : a student at lay 
with the Hon. Wm. Prescott (then of S.), but went abroad in one of hi 
father's ships, and under a temporary derangement probably threw himsel 
from the cabin window, Oct., 1807 ; unm. 

Bi':nj. Hodges,, eld. son of Capt. B. XL: d., of consumptioi 

— unm. — Apr. lU, 1804. 

1804.— Benj. Ropes Nichols, fifth son of Capt. Ich. N.: couns.-at 
law in S., and, since 1824, in Bost. ; a member of the Mass. Hist. Soc. 
m. Marv, youngest dau. of Col. Tim. Pickering, April, 1813; and d. ii 
B. April 30, 1848. 

[To he concluded.'] 

*I. N nnd his brother B. K. N. (class of 1804) were, in stnctncss, h. in Pon 
mouth, during tlio father's sojourn there for a few years of the llevolutionary war. 



1851.] Colman Papers. 57 

COLMAN PAPERS. 

Boston June y^ 30 1699. 
Dear Brother 

Sir — I ma)'' not pretend to exprese y^ Raptures of Joy seising my 
speritt at y® reading your dear letter to my brother* w^ we receive'd 2 
daies since, w*^ give me great grounds y* my Long-Continued hops shal 
not be frustrated but y' I shall in due time receive y*^ answare of our 
many prayers, in your return, my dear brother how shall I exprese my 
self I am even overcome w*'^ Joy my heart is almost ready to burst 
within me by reason ot y® gladness y^'of, I find y^ Efections and faculties 
of a person may be much disordered when surfiting in Joy, this has given 
me many thoughts wether it were nesesary to write at y'' time, but 
knowing y^ tenderness in your Judgment toward our sex ; I haveing y' 
allowed me w*^ your transiant thoughts on my happy surprise I ma/ not 
but esteem my self wel armed to rush through y'' uprors of my speritt a 
line or 2 into your hands, It seems to me almost an age since I received 
a line from you. If you nelect I hope you do not forget me. I know 
you do not, your Care to me and your prayers for me have asured me 
otherwise, follow me still with your prayers, I Cannott but admier at y* 
providence of god in disposing maters so as to bring about and order 
your settehnent hear among us,t I wold humbly hope y* to be a token for 
good unto us. It seems as If y^ Clouds were dispersing ye storms pasing 
over and y'' sun with its Illustruous beams is gliding over our distresed 
family alas unto us If we receive not y*' mercy w*^' due resentments y^on, 
y^ Etects of It may Justly be y* It prove only a golden wedge about y^ neck 
to sink us depper into misery I wold not be unmin'^ful of y^ mercy I 
Injoy in y^ lives of both of you viz : my brother w"^ whom I reside w* 
yourself I esteem it not only my happiness but also my prevelidge, my 
brother has not been Content to prove himself a father to me, but w"^ y* 
tender bowells of a mother has Coinpa-anated me in al ray distres, and 
while I mention y^ I do not nor Can I forget your tender Care and love 
manifested towards me even from your Childhood but more espeshily 
since absent by your dear letters and much surpasing y™ your prayers w* 
I am wel assured I have had & y* many of y"' I Esteem your return to 
me no smal blesing I remain in a single state & am glad I do so I beleve 1 
should not have advantage'd my [self] by being otherwise I do quietly sub- 
mit to providence, tho disupointments of y* nature may seem irksomej I shal 
not perticularise to you now I think it not Conveneant I hope in a few 
months to see you & y" nothing too secrett w*'' me for you to know you 
Can desier, my brother hopes you wil Com w*^ Capt gilbert for foster 
wil Come late & we fear you wil be exposed to y^ hardships of y*^ winter 
w^ you are senceble are bad on our Coast but it may be not so senceble 
as it may make you If you prove it by Experience ; & y*" Inhabitants of 
y^ land have said they never see such winters as we have had y^ last year 
but one I am mucli afraide of your being blown of y*' Coast If you stay 
late I am already in much distrese for you least your delay should bring 
on you any In Conveneance, and therfore my dear brother I Entrett & 
beseech of you y' that as for your own security so also in Compason to me 
who am by these pleading w'^ [you] whose hart is alwais fulof distres & fear 

* John Colman ? See Gen. Rej?., III., 109. 

t Colman had just received and accepted an invitation to become the Pastor of the 
"New Church" in Brattle Square. — Ibid., 112 — 13, et. seq. 
X She subsequently married a Staniford. 

6 



Ml Colman Papers. [Jan. 

about you & more now y° ordinary be entreated by me if possible to dis- 
pacth your busnes and Com w'^' gilbert or any other y' may Com timely 
before y® winter, & y* you may be preserve'd fro™ al evills and dangers & 
reiurn'd to your relations w*^ are longing for so happy a day and y* y' re- 
tur" of yours may be a sure token for good unto us is y^ heartty prayers 
ofy our Efectu" sister Sarah Colman. 

mrs dowding gives her service to you hannah her love 
[Without superscription. Endorsed " Sarah Colman."] 

Rev. & D' S' Wensday morning, aug. 9. 

Y® ministers having Pitch^ on y^ R M'" Thacher to give M'" Pemberton 
y® Right Hand of Fellowship, & He refusing, as also M' Sewall after 
Him ; they then fix'd on me : and tho I excus'd myself as much as those, 
yet they would proceed no further & so they left it. 

Now this leant but apprehend to be a great Impropriety, will be so 
accounted by y^ auditors ; & therefore must be extreamly irksome to me, 
to consider myself as standing in an improper Place on that occasion : It 
having been y^ common Practice for y^ 2*^ Person in age or Dignity to 
Perform that office: and as this will doubtless be expected by y^ congrega- 
tion, they cant but judg it a piece of Petulence in me to undertake it, w'^ I 
extreamly abhorr. 

It therfore naturaly falling on M'" Colman, & no doubt y^ ministers 
would have fix'd it there, if He had not been unhappily absent a munday ; 
I must therefore most earnestly intreat You to undertake it, & to come 
prepared for it: that so such a significant & desireable a Rite may not be 
omitted at y^ solemnity. I am Your most respectfull 

[Superscribed] Humble servant T. Prince. 

To the Reverend ]\P Colman, Boston. 

Boston, Saturday, 5 h, p. m. 

Sir — Yours dated yesterday, Aug*. 4, is just now come to hand — '. 
have been with Dr. Bulfinch who hopes ye Cabbage leaves may be of 
Service. If they answer not, & y® swelling grows worse he desires t( 
hear, &, he will come up. However I think to get him to do so to-mor 
row, after ye Evening Service : & am with all love & prayers to & foi 
every body, Sir, Your &c., B. Colman. 

The ministers have appointed me to preach a Sermon at Mr. Pember- 
ton's Ordination, next Wednesday,* if God please ; which will be like tc 
hinder me from seeing you y*' begining of y^ week. But if y*' Dr. do noi 
come to-morrow, be sure to write to me on monday, & send it by som- 
sure bearer. For the Rev'd. Mr. Turell, of Medford, 

[Superscribed] Speedily and wth care. 

ME Benjamin Colman Philadelphia March 28 

Rd : Brother 1707 

Since our imprisonment we have commenced a correspondence wit] 
our Rd: Brethren of the ministry at Boston, which we hope, according t( 
our intention, has been communicated to you all ; whose Sympathising 
concurrence I cannot doubt of, in our expensive Struggle, for asserting ou 

* Ebenezer Pemberton was ordained colleague with Rev. Samuel Willard, Pasto 
of the Old South, on Wednesday, 28 Aug., 1700, This letter, therefore, must hav 
been written on the 24th.; and consequently the date in the first line must have beei 
a slip of the pen. 



1851.] Colman Papers, 59 

liberty, against the powerful! invasion of L^ Cornburj, which is not yet 
over.* 

I need not tell you of a pick'd Jury, and the penall Laws are invading 
our American Sanctuary, without the least regard to the toleration ; 
which should justly alarm us all. I hope Mfi Campbell, to whom I direct 
this for the more safe conveyance, has shown or informed you, what I 
wrote last. 

We are so far upon our return home : tho I must return for a finall 
tryall, which will be very troublesome and expensive ; And we only had 
liberty, to attend a meeting of Ministers, we had formerly appointed here ; 
and were only Seven in number, at first, but expect a growing number. 
Our designe is to meet yearly, and oftener, if necessary, to consult the 
most proper measures for advancing religion, and propogating Christian- 
ity, in our various stations, and to maintain such a Correspondence as may 
conduce to the improvement of our ministerial! abilityes by p^'escribing 
texts to be preached on by two of our number at every meeting, which 
performance is subjected to the censure of our Brethren ; our Subject is 
Paul's Epistle To the Hebrews. I and another began, and performed our 
parts on vs 1, 2, and the 3 is prescribed to ME Andrews and another. 
If any friends write, direct to ME Jn. Bird [?] at Philadelphia to be directed 
to me in Virginia. Pardon S E this diversion from 

Your humble Servant, and Brother in the 
A letter from our meeting is directed worke of the Gospel! 

to ME Cotton Mather, in the name Ffrancis Makemie. 

of the rest [Without superscription.] 

Dear S''. London, 7th. June, 1707. 

I have yours of the 7th. and 10th. of October both which I heartily 
thank you for : The Address of the Min". being detain'd by contrary 
Winds for some time in Ireland was presented singly after the others that 
came from your Province w^^ I hope were all acceptable to her Maj"^ & 
have certainly this Effect to lessen in the Opinion of Mankind the unac- 
countabl(j Jealousie of some that New Eng^'^. has no Loyal Dispositions. 

All Good Men here rejoice that a Religious Zeal still reigns in that 
Country, & that so remote a Wilderness should afford so many ExcelP 
Instances of Piety & Virtue among w*^^ whether you will suffer me or* 
no I must name yo^ discourses on the Parable of the 10. Virgins, & 
take this Opportunity to thank you for the invaluable present, and that 
you have given me a New Occasion to boast in the Products of my 
Country. 

I send you inclos'd written Copies of the Letters lately pass'd betwixt 
Geneva & Oxford (for want of Printed ones by me) w'^^ I beleive will 
not be unacceptable to many of our New Britains. 

We have lost a Battle in Spain, & 'tis fear'd the French will not give 
the D. of Marl: opportunity to retreive it in the Netherlands. M: Vil- 
l;irs has forc'd the lines of Stolhoften & pretends to penetrate into Bava- 
ria. The Success of the D. of Savoy & Pr : Eugene's Projects is impa- 
tiently expected. The 1'*. Parliam*. of Great Britain are to meet at 
Westminster 23*^. Ocf. & y^ Union takes place in spite of all the 
Oppositions it has met with. The Q. & Court go next Thursday to 

* For particulars concerning the unwarrantable persecution of Makemie (or 

MKemie) and John Hampton, two Presbyterian Ministers, by Cornbury, the tyranni- 

;il Governor of New York, the reader is referred to Smith's History of New York, 

and the other historians of that period. An account of the Trial was printed at the 

time, and reprinted, according to Smith, in 1755. 



60 Colman Papers. [Jan. 

Windsor for the summer. My humble service to your Lady & Br'. 
John & beleive that I am S^ 

Yo^ most Obedient humble Serv*. Henry Neavman. 

I waited on Wr. Pitman in the Queen's Bench upon Receit of yo^ 
Lett', with the tender of my Poor service, he told me the following Term 
he sh^. be discharg'd of course w^^ I hope he is, having heard nothing 
from him since I am as above Yo" HN. 

A Great Number of Officers & Persons of Quality have offer'd them- 
selves Voluntarily to be sacrifices to retreive our loss in Spain, and 'tis 
Raid The D. of Northumberland one of K. Charles's Sons is to go Capt°. 
General. [Without superscription. Endorsed "H Newman"] 

My dear and honoured Friend. 3^. XP^''. 17 }|. 

Misunderstanding [pen drawn through in MS.] — Away with it, I 
beseech you, Term and Thing. There is none at all. As I have dealt 
with the Term, so Lett y^ Thing be dealt withal. 

Adoni Avi [?], with his usual prudence, and all possible Tenderness, 
Lett fall an Hint, as having Learnt from You, that some thought, our 
children's Visit, as well as mine, where it was then talk'd of, had some 
inconvenient constructions made of it. The Hint was Friendly and pru- 
dent; But it was not improper for me, to mention it unto the children, 
that there might be nothing said or done Incauselously. This is all I 
know Of any Misunderstanding or Disaffection, or Disesteem raised on 
this occasion. — I entreat you to be very Easy ; Every body is so, for 
ought I know. Tis all well ; just as it was ; and as it should be. 

As to my own Visit, (which I endeavored altogether to avoid, by a 
Letter, which I hoped would answer all the Intentions of it,) I could give 
you a pretty satisfactory Account of it. But it is needless. I knew, at 
the very Time of it, I did Imprudently. I was aware of what has hap- 
pened. I said so. — But my best Account will be, that even before the 
prudent Hint you gave (even on the Friday before, from something I 
then melt Avithal) I had fully made and spoke the Resolution you would 
most advise unto. And the Neighbors will no more have the Least occa- 
sion given them, to suspect me of any Designs not proper for me. 

To be free with you ; I have too high an opinion of the Discretions, as 
well as other Good Qualities in your Excellent Friend, to entertain any 
Imagination that (suppose we should Live a year more, which for myselt 
I do not suppose ; — but, psal. LXXXVIII. o) one of ray many unrecom- 
mendable circumstances could find any Acceptance there. 

My Friend, I have no manner of prospect, of Returning unto a state 
wherein I have sometimes Lived in a somewhat Agreeable & Gentle- 
manly manner. Tho' I have not hitherto taken anywhere one step that 
way, yett I have by the Edges had Hints enough, to satisfy me, that my 
Grandfather'' s will has forbid all such prospect unto me. 

It is, I confess, too natural, for us foolish old men, when we have a 
Whimsey from every Quarter buzz'd into o"" ears, to think a Little, miai 
there may he in it. I have, no doubt, foolishly enough, been ready to fall 
into this weakness. But, as yett my old Age has not gott so far, but that, 
I presently Recollect; I presently am sensible of the JDelusion\; presently 
bring all to rights, as a Dying man ought to do. 

My Life is full of sacrifices. And, if I had not a very Deceitful Heart, 
I would have said, I know nothing in this world, that I have not in some 
Degree (or Desire) sacrificed. I have also gott into the Delight of sacri- 
ficing, what I have not^ as well as what I have. 



1851.] 



Colman Papers. 



61 



A Late King of Argier [?] called, Medio-Morto, that is, Half-dead, had 
a Name which it seems more proper for me to challenge than any other. 
I am sorry, it so much suits me, in regard of y® mortification, wherein one 
so nigh Deaths ought to be exemplary. I ask your prayers, that I may 
go thorough with that work ; not Leave it done hy Halfes. 

Old Jerome^ (I confess, a very soure sort of man) has given me good 
Advice. Cogita te quotidie moriturum et de Secundis Nuptiis [?] nun- 
quam cogitatis. My Heart would Reproach me, if I had not more than 
one hundred Thoughts of my Death, to one of y^ Fancy my Neighbors talk 
of. Your Advice, which T must alwayes value & Request, Leaning & 
Leading that way,* would sensibly strengthen my Dispositions. 

I hope you will outlive me ; And I shall endeavor to deserve it, that at 
my Death you may remember me, as one studious many wayes to approve 
himself, S'. Your true Brother 

& hearty & constant Friend, Co : Mather. 

Having both w*'^ Tongue & Pen, told my opinion to your Invaluable 
Friend, That Your conversation w^ould be so profitable, & so comfortable 
there would never be the Least Need of any other : I hope, I need not 
ask you, to continue in affording as much of it, as is possible, to one so 
very worthy of it. 

When you have perused y^ cruel Pamphlett I now send you, you 

will permitt as Quick a Return of it as may be. 
[Superscribed] To the Reverend, Mr. B. Colman. 



21 


Rowland Sadgerner 


21 


34 


Wm. Massingburd 


23 


20 


Jo: Hutton 


17 


21 


Elizabeth Dew 


32 


28 


Ann Dew 9 


mo. 


30 


Rachell Adams 


16 


20 


Avis Deacon 


19 


20 


Hanna Glifford 


20 


20 


Ehza: Blanch 


20 


35 


Sophia Rottrie 


16 


27 







PASSENGERS FOR VIRGINIA, JULY, 1635. 
[Communicated by H. G. Somerby, Esq.] 
Theis under- w-ritten names are to be transported to Virginea imbarqued 
in the Alice, Richard Orchard, M*". the Men have taken the oath of Allege- 
ance & Suprem. 

21 Robt. Baxter 

21 Jo: Bently 

33 Jo: Holdsmorth 

21 Jo. Wright 

21 Charles Peacock 

22 Chri: Hudson 

19 Jo: Smith 
18 Jo: Cooper 

28 Edward Waggett 

20 Jo: Viccars 

29 Tho: Atkinson 

Theis under written names are to be transported to Virginea imbarqued 
in the Assurance de Lo: Isack Bromwell & Geo: Pewsie M^ examined by 
the Minister of the Towne of Gravesend of their conformitie in o*". Religion, 
the men have taken the oath of Allegeance & Supremacie. 

yeres 

Sara Rayne 18 

Andrew Underwood 22 

Philip Johns 22 

Henrie Marshall 35 

Henry Heiden 30 

Elizabeth SherlQcke 29 

^o: HufTock'^ 40 

Samuel Handy 25 

Jo: Gater 36 

Joan Gater 23 

Wm. Lee 36 



Edward Hughes 
James Morfy 
Robert Haggar 
Tho: Askew 
Ric"^ Cooke 
Miles Atkinson 
Rowland Vaughan 
Richard Natt 
Era: Jenkinson 
Will™ Kendridd 
Jo: Wilson 





yeres 




yeres 


Robert Brian 


27 


Tho: Pagett 


41 


Maudlin Jones 


60 


Mathew Holmes 


21 


Ann Shawe 


32 


Elias Harrington 


22 


Jo: Duncombe 


46 


Richard Smith 


35 


Sith Haieward 


30 


Tho: Robinson 


24 


Richard Hamey 


38 


Evan ap Evan 


19 


Wm. Holland 


35 


Jo: Browne 


21 


Henry Snow 


26 


Robert Frithe 


23 


Marie Southwood 


22 


Tho: Wilkinson 


23 


Francis Rowesou 


29 


James Southern 


19 


Richard Glover 


24 


Margerie Baker 


39 


6* 




^Jerome, 





6& 



Passengers from Virginia, 



[Jan. 



Josua Titloc 


19 


Jo: MIddleton 


23 


Robert llaivvard 


22 


Samuel Powell 


19 


Wm. llobbell 


19 


Robert Wyon 


22 


Mathew Dixon 


18 


John Wheeler 


23 


Jo: North 


24 


Mountford Newman 


27 


Robert Stecre 


17 


Wm. Lake 


35 


Humfrey Wilkins 


19 


Ant° Stiigo 


21 


Tho: Deacon 


19 


Robt. Rigglie 


19 


Beniamin Pillard 


18 


Robert Davies 


28 


Jo: Smith 


20 


Walter Meridith 


33 


Tho: Phillips 


24 


James Kingsmill 


18 


Jo: Bowton 


20 


Walter Chapman 


44 


James Arnold 


37 


Richard Leake 


18 


Tho: Edwinn 


13 


Hundgate Baker 


22 


Jo: Abrock 


20 


Tho: Hall 


15 


James Edwin 


18 


Edward Comins 


28 


Dennis Hoggin 


24 


Jo: Friccar 


25 


Richard Ridges 


19 


Edward Davies 


27 


Theodorlcs Bakewell 


21 


Jo: Dermot 


21 


Jo: Morgan 


27 


Tho: Baycock 


46 


Ric^ Rogers 


48 


Ric'* Lockley 


51 


Jo: Jakes 


20 


Tho: More 


19 


Jo: Baker 


22 


Nehemlah Caston 


21 


Robert Mayes 


28 


Richard Barnes 


38 


Jo: Buttler 


50 


AVarram Tuck 


20 


Jo: Jones 


30 


Wm. Colture 


19 


Robert SIlby 


19 


Ric"* Bruster 


26 


Jo: Swanley 


21 


Wm, Charles 


21 


Anthony Lee 


21 


Will™ Williams 


28 


Henry George 


19 


Jo: Billings 


21 


Wm. White 


18 


Robert Lovett 


20 


Job Jefferie 


19 



Henrie Haler 


22 


Jo: O'MullIn 


18 


Richard Symons 


30 


Ant° Proctor 


16 


James Sparks 


57 


Henry Doun 


23 


Richard Kirbie 


32 


Roger Quintin 


21 


James HIngle 


40 


Wm. Small 


18 


Tho: Saunderson 


24 


Wm. Coleman 


16 


Wm. Spicer 


20 


Ant° Andrewe 


21 


Will- Thomas 


19 


Jo: Richardson 


18 


Henry Mad In 


30 


Wm. Claddln 


17 


Edward Ednall 


21 


Tho: Gudderedge 


17 


Tho: Jefferies 


22 


Rodger Burley 


17 


Nic" Jackson 


22 


Tho: Burd 


16 


Tho- Spratt 


23 


Henry Butler 


14 


Tho: Leonard 


18 


Jo: Budd 


15 


Jo: Gater 


15 


Jn° Marshall 


35 


Nic° Gibson 


22 


Wm. Read 


30 


Jo: Roberts 


46 


Edward Mitchell 


18 


Geo. Mosely 


20 


Robert Drewrle 


16 


James Ravesh 


20 


RIc^ Welle 


17 


Jo: Hales 


21 


Jo: Cotes 


17 


Robert Handley 


19 


Jo: Stubber 


17 


Jo: Aymies 


18 


Henry Lee 


18 


Jo: Tayler 


21 


Ric^ Bali 


17 


Wm. Roffin 


18 


Jo: Cooke 


17 


Ric"^ Halsey 


13 


Tho: Syer 


14 


Ant° Otland 


18 


Jo: Patrldge 


18 


Robert Oldrick 


18 


Jo: Johnson 


24 


Wm. Hall 


21 


AVOMEX 




Jo: Copeland 


19 


Isbell Da\ is 


22 


John Goad 


18 


Isabell Hakesby 


23 


Jo: Pooly 


17 


Joan A'allins 


17 


Francis Geyer 


18 


Marie Chambney 


28 


Tho: Craven 


17 


Elizabeth AUcott 


20 


Ric^ Lucas 


16 


Frances Bakewell 


30 


Geo. Cullidge 


18 


Elizabeth Payne 


21 


Lawrence Barker 


26 


Elizabeth Hughson 


2-2 


Jo: Bowes 


20 


Elizabeth Raynard 


20 


Jo: Woodbridge 


32 


Marie Olilver 


21 


Jo: Johnson 


20 


Alice RIall 


18 


Jo: Chappell 


38 


Rebecca Parmeter 


l; 


Geo. Whittaker 


32 


Marie MIddleton 


17 


Richard Liversidge 


24 


Ann Goldwell 


17 


Henrie Wood 


20 


Ann Griffin 


26 


Robert Max 


21 


James Brooks 


28 


Jo Warren 


18 


uxor Alice Brookes 


18 


Tho: Turner 


18 


Dorcas Mercer 


30 


Jo: Garland 


19 


Ellin Davies 


23 


Jo: Humfrey 


23 


Alice Harris 


21 


Isack Ambro.se 


18 


Eedie Holloway 


22 


Wm. Huncote 


35 


Sara Coggin 


20 


Tho: Williams 


19 


Ellzabetli Baker 


20 


Tho: Foxcrofte 


19 


Dorothle Davies 


i: 


Tho: Hobbs 


22 


Kat: Fiilder 


17 


Charles CoUohon 


19 


Ellz: Dicks 


18 


Marie Averle 


22 


Sara Greene 


20 


Sara Alport 


25 


Margaret RIcord 


20 


Maria Lee 


22 


Winnifred Congrave 


22 


Elizabeth Bateman 


23 


^lathew Plant 


23 


Thomazin Markcom 


26 


Jo: More 


28 


Tho: Beson 


24 


Elizabeth Powell 


i; 


Chrl: Dixon 


24 


Marie Shorter 


2(; 


Isack Kcmn 
Jeremie She 


23 


Marie Lee 14 week| 


19 


Mathew Clatworthy 


2J 



1851.] Records of Windsor^ Ct 63 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND BIRTHS 

In the Town of Windsor, in Connecticut, copied from the first 
book of Records in Windsor, under the date of 18 May, 1 674, and with 
the following preamble by the Recorder : 

"May 18, 1674. I here set down a new genealogy of children that 
" have been born in Windsor and have come to my knowledge to enter 
"them upon in the old Book that being full there is not place to get in or- 
" der to find them. — Here I enter Parsons as they [were] upon the latter." 

[Communicated by Samuel H. Parsons, Esq., of Middletown, Ct., correspond- 
ing member of the N. E. H. G. Soc.*] 

Benedictus Alvord m. lone Nuton, 26 Nov. 1640; children, Jona- 
than b. 1 June, 1645 ; Benjamin b. 11 July, 1647 ; Josiasb. 6 July, 1649 ; 
Elizabeth b. 21 Sept. 1651 ; Jerremy b. 24 Dec. 1655. 

Elexander Alvord m. Mary Vore, 29 October, 1646; had children, 
Abigail b. 6 October, 1647 ; John b. 12 August, 1649 ; Mary b. 6 July, 
1651; Tliomas b. 27 October, 1653 ; Elizabeth b. 12 November, 1655; 
Benjamin b. 11 Feb'y 1657 ; Sarah b. 24 June, 1660. 

George Alexander m. Su Sage 18 March, 1644; children, John b. 
25 July 16!5 ; Mary b. 20 Oct., 1648; Daniel b. 12 Jan'y, 1650; Na- 
thaniel b. 29 Dec. 1652; Susan [or Sarah j b. 8 Dec, 1654. 

Thomas Allyn m. Abigail, [dau. of Rev. John Wareham,] October, 
1658; children, John b. 17 Aug., 1659; Matthew b. 5 Jan., 1660; 
Thomas b. 11 March, 1663; Samuel b. 3 Nov., 1667; Jane b. 22 July, 
1670; Abigail b. 17 Oct., 1672; Sarah b. 13 July, 1674 ; a daughter b. 
29 Oct., 1676. 

Edward Adams, [Simsbury] m. Elizabeth Buckland, 25 May, 1660 ; 
children, Mary b. 28 August, 1671. 

John Bissell, sen'r, m. ; children, Nathaniel b. in Windsor, and bap- 
tized 27 Sept. 1640. 

John Bissell, jun'r, m. Izrell Mason, 17 June, 1658; children, IMary 
b. 22 Feb'y, 1658; John b. 4 May, 1661; Daniel b. 29 Sept., 1663; 
Dorethy b. 10 August, 1665 ; Josias b. 10 October, 1670 ; Hezakiab. 30 
April, 1673 ; Ann b. 28 April 1675 ; John b. 22 June 1677. 

Thomas Bissell m. Abigail Moore, 11 October, 1655; Thomas b. 
2 October, 1656; Abigail b. 23 Nov., 1658; John b. 26 Jan'y, 1660; 
Joseph b. 18 April, 1663 ; Elizabeth 9 June 1666 ; Benjamin b. 9 Sept., 
1669; Sarah b. 8 Jan'y, 1671 ; Ephraim b. 11 April, 1676, d. 22 April, 
1676 ; Esther b. 22 April, 1677, d. 9 May, 1678 ; Ephraim b. 4 Sept., 
1680; Lukeb. 2 Sept., 1682. 

Samuel Bissell m. Abigail Holcom, 11 June, 1658, daughter of 
Thomas Holcom and b. 6 Jan'y, 1638; children, John b. 5 April, 1659 ; 
Abigail b. 6 July, 1661; Jacob b. 28 March, 1664; Mary b. 15 Sept., 
1666; Samuel b. 11 Jan'y, 1668 ; Benajah b. 30 June, 1671 ; Elizabeth 
b. 4 Jan'y, 1677 ; Deborah b. 29 October, 1679. 

Nathaniel Bissell m. Mindwell Moore, 25 Sept., 1662, the daugh- 
ter of Deacon John More, she was b. 10 July, 1643 ; her husband was 
the son of John Bissell, and b. 27 Sept., 1640 ; children, Mindwell b. 3 

*The words and sentences included in brackets are in pencil in Mr. Parsons's 
transcript, apparently made at a later date than the body of the work. 

Since this copy has been in hand another has been received, beautifully tran- 
Bcribcd, and presented by the Society's very active correspondent, Horatio N. 
Otis, Esq. 



64 Records of Windsor^ Ct [Jan. 

October, 1663 ; Nathaniel b. 7 Jaouary, 1665 ; Jonathan b. 3 July, 1668, 
d. young ; Hanna b. 12 January, 1670 ; Abigail 14 Sept., 1673, d. young; 
Jonathan b. 14 February, 1674; Abigail b. 9 March, 1676; Elizabeth b. 
15 March, 1679. 

Thomas Barber [removed to Sewsbury,] m. Jane , 7 October, 

1640; children, John bapt. 24 July, 1642; Tliomas b. 14 July, 1644; Sary 
bapt. 19 July, 1646; Samuel bapt. 1 October, 1648; Mary bapt. 12 
October, 1651 ; Josiah b. 15 February, 1653. 

John Barber [Simsbury,] m. Bethsheba Cozzens, [Coussens] Sept., 
1666, (query, was she the daughter of George Coussens, who came from 
South Hampton, England, in the James, of London, 6 April, 1635 ? See 
Mass. His. Col. Yol. 8, 3 Series, p. 319.) Children, Joanna b. 8 April, 
1667; John b. 14 July, 1669. 

Thomas Barber [Simsbury] m. Mary Phelps — Dec, 166 — ; chil- 
dren, Mary b. 11 January, 1666 ; Sary b. 2 July, 1667. 

Samuel Barber [SimsburyJ m. Mary Coussens ; Thomas b. 7 Octo- 
ber, 1671; Samuel b. 26 January, 1673. 

Samuel Barber [Simsbury] m. 2d wife, [the dau. of John Drake ;] 
children, John Drake b. 25 January, 1676; Hannah b. 4 October, 1681. 

Thomas Buckland m. ; children, Timothy b. 10 

March, 1638 ; Elizabeth b. 21 Feb'y, 1640 ; Temperance b. 27 November, 
1642 ; Mary b, 2 October, 1644, d. young; Nicholos b. 21 February, 1646, 
d. 24 Aug., 1728, M 82 ; Sara b. 24 March, 1648 ; Thomas b. 2 Feb'y, 
1650, d. young; Hanna b. 18 Sept., 1654. 

Timothy Buckland m. Abigail Vore 27 March, 1662; children, 
Timothy b. 20 April, 1664, d. 1664; Thomas b. 23 June, 1665, d. 30 
January, 1742, ^E 77 ; Abigail b. 11 November, 1667 ; Mary b. 7 No- 
vember, 1670; Sara b. 10 April, 1673 ; Hanna b. 28 June, 1676 ; l.liza- 
beth b. 26 February, 1678. 

■ Buckland m. Martha AYarkfield, 21 October, 1668 ; children, 

John b. 13 March, 1672; Hanna b. 1 September, 1674; John b. — 
December, 1675, d. 20 Dec, 1675; Martha b. 1 March, 1678; John b. 17 
July, 1681. 

Daniel Birg m. E izabeth Gayler 5 October, 1641 ; children, Daniel 
b. 24 November, 1644; Elizabeth b. 28 July, 1646; Jeremy b. 6 May, 
1648; John b. 14 January, 1649; Joseph b. 2 November, 1651. 

Daniel Birg m. Debra Holcom 5 November, 1668 ; children, Eliza- 
beth b. 25 April 1670 ; Debrab. 26 November, 1671; Elizabeth b. 3 
February, 1674; Daniel b. 16 September, 1680 ; Mary b. '2b December, 
1677. 

Jefery Baker m. lone Rockwell 15 Nov. 1642 ; children, Samuel b. 
30 March, 1644; Hepsiba b. 10 May, 1646; Mary b. 15 July, 1649; 
Abiell b. 23 December, 1652 ; Joseph b. 18 June, 1655. 

Samuel Baker m. Sara Cook, 30 June, 1670.» 

William Buell [vSimsbury] m. 18 November, 1640 ; 

children, Samuel b. 2 September, 1641 ; Peter b. 19 August, 1644 ; Mary 
b. 3 September, 1642; Hannah. 8 January, 1646 ; Hepsiba b. 11 Decem- 
ber, 1649 ; Sara b. 21 March, 1653 ; Abigail b. 12 February, 1654. 

Samuel Buell [Simsbury and settled in Killingworth] m. Debro 
Griswold 13 November, 1662 ; child, Samuel b. 20 July, 1663. 

Thomas B as com m. ; children, Abigail b. 27 June, 

1640; Thomas b. 20 February, 1641 ; Hepsiba b. 14 April, 1644. 

John Bartlett ra. ; children, Esaya b. 13 June, 1 641 : 

Benjamin baptised 26 March, 1643; Hepziba b. 14 July, 1643 ; Jehoiade 
baptised 23 December, 1649 ; Mehetabell baptised 11 May, 1651. 



1851.] Records of Windsor^ Ct. 65 

Benjamin Bartlett m. Debra Barnard — July, ; children, 

Benjamin b. 21 June, 1668 ; Debra b. 3 April 1666 ; Esaya b. 9 Dec, 
1670 ; Esaia b. 26 July, 1672 ; Ephraim b. 17 January, 1673; Jehoiade 
b. 2 November, 1675 ; Benjamin b. 5 December, 1677. 

EzAiA Bartlett ra. Abia Gillet 3 December, 1663 ; children, John 
b. 12 September, 1664. 

Joseph Baker b. 18 June, 1655, and m. Hanna [widow of Thomas 
Buck, and 3rd dau. of Nathaniel Cook, — (p. 12)] 30 January, 1676 ; chil- 
dren, Joseph b. 13 April, 1678 ; Liddia b. 5 July, 1681. 

John Brooks m. Susanna Ilanmore 25 May, 1652; children, John b. 
16 March, 1660; Samuel b. 6 September, 1662; Elizabeth b. 27 June, 
1664; Mary b. 21 March 16{)5; Joanna b. 2 February, 1668; Mary b. 
25 November, 1670; Lidia b. 7 April, 1673; Susanna b. 22 September, 
1675. His wife died 7 November, 1676. 

John Bancroft m. Hanna Duper 3 December, 1650 ; children, John 
b. — December, 1651 ; Nathaniel b. 19 November, 1653 ; Ephraim b. 15 
June, 1656 ; Hanna b. 6 April, 1659 ; Sara b. 26 December, 1661. 

William Buell m. ; child, Abigail b. 12 February, 

1655. 

Aron (Captain) Cook [it is supposed m. a dau. of Henry Smith, of 
Springfield, son-in-law of William Pinchon] ; children, Joanna b. 5 April, 
1638 ; Aron baptised 21 February, 1640 ; Mirriam b. 12 March, 1642 ; 
Moses b. 16 November, 1645; Samuel b. 21 November, 1650; Elizabeth 
b, 7 April 1653; Noah b. 14 June, 1657. 

Nathaniel CooKm. Lidia Vore 29 June, 1649 ; children, Sara b. 28 
Jane, 1650; Lidia b. 9 January 1652; Hanna b. 21 September, 1655; 
Nathaniel b. 13 May, 1658; Abigail b. 1 March, 1659; John b. 3 April, 
1662 ; Josia b. 22 December, 1664. 

John Case [m. Sarah Spencer and lived in Windsor until 1669, when 
he settled in Simsbury at Weatunet-, and d. 21 February, 1704] ; children, 
Mary b. 22 June, 1660; John b. 5 November, 1662; William b. 5 June, 
1665 ; Samuel b. 1 June, 1667 ; Richard b. 27 April, 1669 ; [He resid- 
ed at E. Hartford, and afterward in Simsbury, m. Elizabeth, dau. of John 
Purchase, of Hartford, and d. 30 March, 1694.] [Elizabeth, Abigail, 
Bartholomew, Joseph.] Sara b. 14 April, 1676. 

Daniel Clark ra. Mary Newbery, 13 June, 1644 ; children, Josias b. 
21 January, 1648 ; Elizabeth b. 28 October, 1651 ; Daniel b. 4 August, 
1651 ; John b. 10 April, 1656; Mary b. 22 September, 1658 ; Samuel b. 

6 July, 1661 ; Sary b. 7 August, 1663; Hannah. 29 August, 1665; Na- 
thaniel b. 8 September, 1666. 

Thomas Dewey m. Frances Clark 22 March, 1638; children, Thomas 
b. 16 February, 1639; Josia baptised 10 October, 1641; Anna bapt. 15 
October, 1643 ; Isrell bapt. 25 September, 1645; Jedediabapt. 15 Decem- 
ber, 1647. Their father died 27 April, 1648. 

Thomas Deble [Simsbury] ; children, Isrell b. 29 

August, 1637; Ebenezer baptised 26 September, 1641 ; Hepsiba baptised 
25 December, 1642; Samuel baptised 24 March, 1643 ; Merriam baptised 

7 December, 1645 ; Thomas b. 3 September, 1647 ; Joanna b. , 

1650. 

Israel Deble [Simsbury] m. Elizabeth Hull 28 November, 1661 ; 
children, Josias b. 15 May, 1667 ; Thomas b. 16 September, 1670 ; Eliz- 
abeth b. 27 March, 1673 ; George b. 25 January 1675 ; John b. 18 April, 
1678, d. 6 October, 1678. 

Ebenezer Deble [Simsbury] m. Mary Wakefield 27 October, 1663; 
children, Mary b. 24 December, 1664; Wakefield b. 15 September, 1667 ; 



Q6 Records of Windsor^ Ct [Jan. 

Martha b. 10 March, 1669; John b. 9 February, 1673; Ebenezer b. 
18 August, 1671. 

Samuel Deble [Simsbury] m. Hepsiba Bartlett 21 January, 1668; 
children, Abigail b. 19 January, 1666, by his former wife; Hepsiba b. 19 
December, 1669 ; Joanna b. 24 October, 1672 ; John b. 13 April, 1675 ; 
Samuel b. 4 May, 1677 ; Elizabeth b. 17 February, 1680. 

Job Drake m. Mary Wolcott 25 June, 1 646 ; children, Abigail b. 28 
September, 1648 ; Mary b. 12 December, 1649 ; Jobe b. 28 March, 1652 ; 
Elizabeth b. 14 November, 1654; Joseph b. 16 April, 1657; Hepsiba b. 
14 July, 1659 ; Hester b. 10 October, 1662. 

John Drake [Simsbury] m. Hanna Moore; children, John b. 14 Sep- 
tember, 1649 ; Job b. 15 June, 1651 ; Hanna b. 6 August, 1653 ; Enoch 
8 December, 1655 ; Ruth b. 1 December, 1657; Simon b. 28 October, 
1659 ; Lidiab. 26 January, 1661 ; Mary b. 29 January, 1666 ; Elizabeth 
b. 22 July, 1664; Mindvvell b. 10 November, 1671 ; Joseph b. 26 June, 
1674. 

Job Drake m. Elizabeth Alvord 20 March, 1671 ; children, Jonathan 
b. 4 January, 1672 ; Elizabeth b, 4 November, 1675. 

Jacob Drake ra. Mary Bissell 12 April, 1649 ; "now it is 25 years 
**and never had a child. His mother that lived with him, a widow many 

" years, her husband, Jacob's father, died August 18, , and now, Octo- 

"ber 7, 1681, Jacob's mother died at 100 years of age, having lived a 
" widow 22 years." 

Henry Denslo m. ; children, Susanna b. 3 September, 

1646 ; Mary b. 10 April, 1651 ; Ruth b. 19 September, 1653 ; Abigail b. 
6 February, 1655 ; Debora b. 21 December, 1657 ; Samuel b. 19 Decem- 
ber, 1659 ; Hanna b. 1 March, 1661 ; Elizabeth b. 11 February, 1665. 

John Denslo w m. Mary Egelston, 7 June, 1655; children, John b. 
13 August, 1656; Mary b. 10 March, 1658; Thomas b. 22 April, 1661 ; 
Debera b. 29 May, 1663; Joseph b. 12 April, 1665; Benjamin b. 30 
March, 1668; Georg b. 8 April, 1672; Isaac b. 12 April, 1674; Abigail 
b. 7 Nov., 1677 ; Abraham b. 8 March, 1669. 

Peter Brown m. Mary Gillet, 15 July, 1658; children, Mary b. 2 
May, 1659 ; Hanna b. 29 Sept., 1660 ; Abigail b. 8 August, 1662 ; Hep- 
siba b. 19 November, 1664; Peter b. 2 March, 1666; John b. 8 January, 

1668 ; Cornelius b. 30 July, ] 672 ; Hester b. 22 May, 1673 ; Jonathan b. 
30 March, 1670; Elizabeth b. 9 June, 1676; Debora b. 2 Feb., 1678; 
Sarab. 20 August, 1681. 

Edward Chapman [Simsbury] m. Elizabeth Fox, in England ; chil- 
dren, Henry b. 4 July, 1663, in Windsor; Mary b. 23 August, 1664; 
Mary b. 27 Oct., 1665 ; Elizabeth b. 15 Jan'y, 1667 ; Simon b. 30 April, 

1669 ; Hanna, b. 3 May, 1671 ; Margaret b. 7 March, 1672 ; Sara b. 24 
May, 1675. 

Henry Curtis [Simsbury] m. Elizabeth Abel, 13 May, 1645 ; chil- 
dren, Samuel b. 26 April, 1649 ; Nathaniel b. 15 July, 1651. 

Samuel Cross m. the widow Chapman, 12 July, 1677; children, 
Hanna b. 11 June, 1678, d. 7 July, 1680; Samuel b. 10 Dec, 1679, d. 
same day. 

.Tames Enno [Simsbury] and Anna Bedwell were m. 18 August, 1648 ; 
children, Sara b. 15 June, 1649 ; James b. 30 October, 1651, [of Sims- 
bury] ; John b. 2 December, 1654. His wife died 7 October, 1679, He 
m. Hester Egelston (widow of James) 29 April, 1680. 

\_To he continued.'] 



1851.] Old Grave-Yard in York, Me. 67 



INSCRIPTIONS FROM THE OLD GRAVE-YARD OF THE 
FIRST PARISH, IN YORK, ME. 

[Copied by John S. H. Fogg, M.D .*] 

Here lyes buried the body of Capt Lewis Bane, Esq., deed June ye 2oth 
1751, In ye 51st year of his age. 

Here lies buried the body of Mrs. Mary Bane, wife to Capt Lewis 
Bane, deed March ye 25th 1723 in the 58th year of her age. 

Here lyes interred ye body of Mr. Joseph Sweet, who departed tliis 
life June 12 1750 in the 27 year of his age. 

Here lies interred ye body of Mrs. Hannah Sweet, consort of Mr. 
Joseph Sweet, who died Novbr ye l5th 1761 in ye 74th year of her age. 
Her life an example of piety, diligence, frugality & charity. 

Here lies buried ye body of Mr Joseph Preble who departed this life 
April 28 Anno Domni 1732 in ye 41st year of his age. 

Joseph Preble, son to Mr. Joseph & Mrs. Ann Preble, aged 7 years & 

5 mo departed this life Sepbr ye 25th 1735. 

Timothy Preble, son to Mr. .Joseph and Mrs. Ann Preble, aged 3 years 

6 2 mo, departed this life Sept ye PJ 1735. 

This stone is fixed at the head of Abraham Preble Esq deacon of the 
church, Capt of the town & one of the judges in ye county of York : was 
universally faithful to ye death. Who died October ye 4th 1714 ^tatis 
72. 

Here lies interred the body of Capt Caleb Preble aged 45 years & 

7 months, who departed this life Jany ye 7th 1734. 

Here lyes buried ye body of Abraham Preble Esq & Capt in ye town 
& Judge in ye county of York. He served his country in various other 
posts & at ye time of his death, which was on March 14th 1723 in ye 
oOlh year of his age, he sustained no less than nine offices of honour & 
public trust for ye service of his town country and province. 

Here lies buried ye body of Esther Arbuckle, the wife of Mr. James 
Arbuckle, who departed this life May 16th 1760 in the 36 year of her 
age. 

Mary Prentice died Nov 20 1792 aged 77. 

Andrew Sargent died Nov 4 1795 aged 18. 

Here lies buried the body of Mr. Samuel Bragdon, son of Mr. Samuel 
Bragdon, aged 73 years and 7 mo died March 3d 1746. 

Here lies ye body of Mrs Subela Bragdon, wife to Mr. Samuel Brag- 
don, deed June ye 2d 1722 in ye 48 year of her age. 

John Bragdon, a promising youth, departed this life June 19th 1744 in 
ye 23d year of his age with some comfortable hope in his death, after 
great distress of soul and solemn warning to young people not to put off 
their repentance to a death bed. 

Here lies the-body of Mrs. Lydia Bragdon, wife of Mr Samuel Brag- 
don, who died April 3d 1757 aged 85 years. Formerly the wife of Mr. 
Thomas Haynes. 

Here lies buried the body of Mr. Daniel Bragdon who departed this 
life July 18th 1756. 

Here lies interred the body of Mr Morton Woodbridge, who departed 
this life the 29th day of August 1769. 

* Of the communications of this gentleman, there are on our files several of much 
interest, and it is to be regretted that they cannot be published faster. This is to 
assure him that they are considered among the most valuable articles for this publi- 
cation. 



68 Old Grave- Yard in York, Me. [Jan. 

Here lies buried the body of Mr. Ebenezer Coburn, who died Decem- 
ber the 27th 1749 aged 75 years. 

Erected to the memory of Mr Richard Keating, who departed this life 
June 23d 1783 aged 24 years. 

Here lyes ye body of Mrs Hannah Toppan, born at Canterbury in 
England 1649, married in N. England to Mr. John Sewall & after his 
decease to Mr Jacob Toppan both of Newbury. Deed April 4th 1723. 

The remains of Stephen Crosby A.M a gentleman of virtuous morals 
and highly esteemed, who died on board ye letter of mark brig Venus 
near port July 19 th 1780, aged 28 years are here deposited till the resti- 
tution of all things. '• Thy way is in the sea, thy footsteps are not 
known." 

In memory of Jonathan Hay ward Esq. Amiable and social in address ; 
instructive and entertaining in conversation ; benevolent, charitable and 
pious ; uniting the Gentleman and Christian. Various offices, civil, judi- 
cial and ecclesiastical, with honor and reputation he sustained, he died 
May 8, 1797, JE> 84. 

Htre lies the body of Mrs. Sarah Sayward, wife of Jona Sayward, Esq., 
who died Sept. 12th, 1775, aged 86 years. The righteous will be had in 
everlasting remembrance. 

Here lyes buried the body of Elder Joseph Sayward, aged 57 years, 
Dec'd Dec. ye 25th, 1741. 

Here lyes ye body of Mrs. Mary Sayward, wife of Elder Joseph Say- 
ward died Aug 1st 1759. 

In memorv of Capt Zebulun Harmon Junr who departed this Life 
Sept 14th 1798 M 39. 

To the memory of Capt Thomas Harmon who died June 11th 1800. 

Here Lyes buried the Body of the Reverend Samuel Moody A. M. 
The Zealous, faithful and successful Pastor of the first Church of Christ 
in York was born in Newbury Jan 4th 1675, Graduated 1697, came hither 
in May 1698, ordained in December 1700, and died here Nov. 13, 1747 
For his further character you may read Cor. 3 the six fijst verses. 

Mrs Hannah Moody, Consort of ye Rev'd Samuel Moody, an early and 
Thoro' Convert, eminent For Holiness, Prayerfulness, Watchfulness, Zeal, 
Prudence, Sincerity, Humility, Meekness, Patience, Weanedness from the 
world, Self-Deniall, Publick Spiritedness, Diligence, Faithfulness and 
Charity. Departed this life in Sweet Assurance of a Better Jan 29th 
172| ^tat 51. Follow ym who thro' Faith and Patience Inherit ye 
Promises. 

Here Lies Interred the Body of INIrs. Ruth Moody, faithful wife of the 
Rev'd Mr Samuel Moody of York, who died April 20th 1704 in the 76 
Year of her Age. 

Integer vitae scelerisque purus. Here lies the remains of Samuel 
Moody Esq, Preceptor of Dummer Academy, (The first Institution of the 
kind in Mass'ets). He left no child to mourn his sudden death, (lor he 
died a Bachelor). Yet his numerous Pupils in the U. States will ever 
retain a lively sense of the Sociability, Industry, Integrity, and liety he 
possessed in an uncommon degree, as well as the disinterested, zealous, 
faithful and useful manner he discharged the duties of the Academy for 
30 years, he died at Exeter 17 Dec'r 1795 k 70. 

Here lies the remains of Elizabeth, Consort of Mr Joseph Moody, who 
died Sept 23 1797 aet 68. 

Here lyes the body of Mrs Hannah Adams, wife to Mr Nathan Adams, 
died Dec ye 12 1741 in ye 29th year of her age. 



1851.] Inscriptions from the Grave-Yard in Yorlc^ Me, 69 

Here lies ye body of Abigail Curtis, who was born Feb'y 22d 17[^ and 
dieil Au<j;ust 2Gili 1720. 

Here Ives ye body of Job Curtis, who was born Oct Gth 1729, and died 
Dec 2.1 173G. 

In Meinoi'y of Kev'd Isaac Lyman, the social, venerable, and pious 
Pastor of tiie 1st Church in York for more tliaii 60 years. Was born at 
N. Hampton Mass Feb 2.'>th 1724. Graduated at Yale Coll. 1747, Or- 
dained Dec. 20th 1749, and died March 12th 1<S10. aet 85. 

JNladam Knih Lvrnan, Relict of tlie Rev Isaac Lyman, Born July 22d 
17;30, Died Jan'y 2()tli 1824. 

In Memory of Miss Ruthe Lyman who was possessed of many Amiable 
quidities, the joy of her Parents, the dtdiglit of hei- connexions and beloved 
of all: if youili, if virtue deserve a trar, reader, diop it here when the 
engravinoj of this stone inform you wdien she left her weeping friends in 
the 23 I yt.-ar of her age June 22d 178-5. 

In Memory of Madam Ehzabeth Langdon, Relict of Rev'd Samuel 
Lan^'don DI), who after a lon^ life devoted to acts of charity, benevolence 
ami pii'ty, Died Dec 21st 1802 Aged 8-3 years. 

Here lies ye body of Mrs Lienor Clements, the wife of Mr John Clem- 
ents, who died Jan 1st 17o-> in ye v^6 year of her age. 

Here lies Buried ye Body of Mi-s Eunicn Stont\ ihe wife of Mr John 
Stone, who departed this Life February 20lh 1705 aged 37 years. 

Here rests quite free from Life's But stop my Grief 

Distressing care I soon shall equal be. 

A loving wMfe When death shall stop my breath 
A tender Parent dear And end my Time, 

Cut down in mid.-t of Days God grant my Dust 

As you may see, May mingle then with thine. 

Sacred to the Memory of Mrs Mary Nasson wife of Mr Samuel Nasson 
who departed this Life Aug 28 1774 aet 22. 

Here lyes ye body of Mr Joseph Banks, son to Mr Joseph and Mrs 
Elizabeth Banks, aged 24 years 8 mo and 3 days, dec'd April 11th 1775. 

Li INIrmory of Mr. Heniy Sewall, Biicklayer, Who departed this Life 
Nov 2d 1792 in the G6th year of his age. He was an Honest man and a 
Christian. 

Sacred to the memory of Mrs Abigail, widow of Mr Henry Sewall and 
daugt of Mr Titcomb of Newbury, who died July 27ih 1777 aged 77. a 
patient and exemplary Christian. 

Sacred to the memory of Mrs Abigail Carlile wife of Mr John Carlile 
and daugt of Mr Henry Sewall, born Jan 11 1758, died July 17 1797, aet 
40 without issue, a lively christian. Near this stone are deposited the 
remains of Benjamin and Daniel, infants and children of Daniel Sew^all 
Esq. 

In memory of Mrs Lucy Sewall, wife of Mr Stover Sew\all and daugh- 
ter of Col J. jMoulton, who departed this Life Jan 14 1800 in the 43d 
year of her age. Bless'd shade ! thy life is not measured by age, nor thy 
memory by death ; thou still livest on the tongue of friendship and charity. 
Thy praise still glows in the heart of conjugal and filial tenderness. The 
bosom of an affectionate Husband and the tears of an orphan shall perpet- 
uate the remcMubrance of thee, till our kindied souls unite in those realms 
wdiere sin and sorrosv never come. 

Here lies the Remains of Mary, Consort of David Sewall Esq one of 
the Judges of the S. J. C. of Massachusetts, and Daughter of the Ilon'ble 
William Parker Esq, who, after a virtuous and affectionate life of 25 years 
7 



70 Inscriptions from the Grave-Yard in YorJc, Me. [Jan. 

and upward witli the husband of her youth, died May the 27th 1788 
JE 50. 

Consecrated to the memory of Hon David Sewall L. L. D. An ele- 
vated benevolence was haj)pily diiected by an enhglitened intellect. Con- 
scientious in duty he was ever faithful in its discharge. Piety with patri- 
archial simplicity of manners conspired to secure him universal esteem. 
His home was the abode of hosi)itality and friendship. In him the de- 
fenceless found a Protector, the poor a Benefactor, the community a 
Peacemakc", Science, Social Order and Religion an affectionate Pation. 

Distinguished for his patriotism, talents and integrity, he was early call- 
ed to im))ortant public olfices, which he sustained with fidelity and honour. 
Having occupied the Bench of the Supieme Court of the vStaie and Dis- 
trict Court of tlie U. States with dignified uprightness for forty years 
without one failure of attendance, he retiied from public life in 1818 and 
died Oct 22 1825, aged XC years. Death but entombs the body, life tlie 
soul. 

Elizabeth, Relict of David Sewall L. L. D. died Sept 8 1838 Aged 82. 

Wk'Yi''. lyes the body of the Hon'ble Samuel Donnell, one of the first 
Councillors of the Massachusetts under their present Charter and Justice 
of ye Peace and Judge of y«' Infer'r Court in ye county of York. He 
died March 9th 1717 in ye 72d year of his age. 

This stone perpetuates the memory of Mrs Alice Moultou, wife of Mr. 
Jeremiah Moulton, formerly the wife of ye Hon'bl Samuel Donnell, Esq. 
She di<nl Jan 18th 1741 in the 81st year of her age. 

In Memory of Nathaniel Donnell (son of the Hon'bl Samuel Donnell 
one of the Council named in the Charter of William and Mary) who was 
born Nov 18th 1G89 and died Feb 9th 1780 a3 91. He was strictly just, 
universally charitable and eminenily pious. Patient and cheerful in adver- 
sity, and without pride or vanity in piosperity. In high estimation of al 
his acquuintance in every stage of Life. May his descendants imitate his 
virtues and perpetuate his name with honor to posterity. 

Here lies buried the Body of jMrs Hannah Donnell Consort to Na- 
thaniel Donnell Esq, who departed this Life Oct 22d 1767 In ye G7 year 
of her age. 

The virtuous, ye Lover of Truth, ye Haler of Stiife, 
A loving and tender Mother, a tiue and faithful wife, 
It's hop't is gone to inherit Eternal Life, 

Here lies interred the Body of Mrs Hannah JMoulton Wife to Jere- 
miah Moultou Jun'r Esq, who departed This Life December od 1757 In 
the 42(1 year of her Age. 

Here Lyes interred ilu^ Body of IMrs Hannah IMoulton wife of the 
Hon'bl Jeremiah Moulton Esq, who departed this Life Oct 26, 1761 Aged 
66 years. 

ilere Lyes Buried the Body of the Hon'bl Jeremiah Moulton who de- 
parted this Life Ju'y the 2()th 176^ Aged 77 years. 

THE WARRENS. 

[Extract from the old Norfolk Kccorcls, at Salem, Mass.] 

John Wairen, of Exeter, and Deborah Wilson were married Oct. 21 
1650. Mrs. D( borah. wife of John Warnui, died 26 : 4 mo., 1668. 

,]()!. n Warren, of Kxeter, t-o'd to John Hobinscn. of Exeter, lands there, 
Sept. 29th, 1668; and John Warren, (now of Boston) sold to Petei 
Coffin, of Dover, part of a <aw-mill on the west side of Exeter Lower 
Falls. 



1851.] Memoir of the Stebhiyis Family. 71 

MEMOIR OF THE STEBBINS FAMILY. 
[Collected and compiled by Daniel Stebbins, M.D., of Northampton, Mass.] 

There is a principle implanted in our nature, especially as we advance 
in life, to know more about the Pioneers of this great Republic than our 
predecessors ; to trace the lineage of our fiimily ancesti-y, and especially 
the history of our own ancestors; to know irom wlience they came, their 
character, condition of life, and motives for {\bandoning their native land 
to enter a pathless and iidiospitable wilderness, the range of wild beasts 
and savage man. It is proposed in tlie following pages to trace the pedi- 
gree of the Stebbing Family, which is of great antiquity in England. 

The eldest branch resided in Yorkshire, and descended from Sir Thomas 
Stebbing, Bart. 

Rowland Stebbing, the subject of this Memoir, was born in England, 
in 1594, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. He arrived in America in 
1634 with his family, consisting of himself, wife, two sons, and two daugh- 
ters, who came passengers in the ship Francis, of and from Ipswich, Eng- 
land, county of Suffolk, where was a Parish and family by the name of 
Stebbinji or Stubbincr, both havinsc a common oriorin : Sir names beino; 
arbitrary, to distinguish families, derived from locality, occupation, or 
other incidental circumstances. 

In the family name of vStebbIng, the termination of ing, may be of 
Saxon origin, meaning, a field or meadow, with stubs in it. 

When the family of Rowland Stebbing arrived in America, his age was 
40; his wife, Sarah, 43; his eldest son, Thomas, 14; their daughter, 
Sarah, 11 ; their son, John, 8; and their daughter, Elizabeth, 6 years of 
age.^ 

The family name was originally and to this time, in England, is written 
Stebbing, as appears on the family Armour, also by a volume of sermons 
by the Rev'd Henry Stebbing, D.D., Cha[)lain to the King, printed in 
London in 1639 — also so written by the late Rev'd Thomas Chalmers, of 
Scotland, to the compiler of this memoir, under date of May 3'), 1844 — 
also from the College of Arms, London, June 5th, 183G, also b}' letters 
addressed to the care of the compile)', from England and Scotland. 

On the early Town Records of Northampton, the name is variously 
written by the Recorders at different times, as Stebing, Stebbing, and 
Stebbins, as now written in Arrierica. 

Rowland Stebbing and family came to Springfield with, or soon after 
the first settlers under William Pynchon, the leader of that colony, in 1636. 
Mr. Pynchon was a gentleman of superior attainments. He returned to 
England in 1662, and there died, leaving his son, John, to succeed him, a 
gentleman of like accomplishments, a military character, and distinguished 
as a Civilian. His father had purchased the territory of Springfield, a 
tract equal to about twenty-five miles square. The Colony adopted a code 
of articles by which to be governed, and assigned lands to each settler or 
family, and the year following settled the Rev'd George IVIoxon as their 
spiritual teacher; between whose residence and that of Rowland Stebbing, 
the '• Great Drum " was used to assemble the people on the Sabbath ; for 
which service, the drummer was paid annually, by each family, one peck 
of Indian Corn or four-pence worth of Wampum. 

Although Springfield was in extent, equal to about 25 miles square, yet 
the inhabitants, to avoid being crowded, adjudged that the whole territory 
would not accommodate more than 40 or 50 families. Sarah, the wife of 



72 Blemoir of the Sttlhins Family. [Jan. 

Rowland Stubbing, (lie<l in Sijringficld, and there his two daughters mar- 
rieil and died. 

Tliomas wjjs the ehle>t son of Kowland Strhbinjr. He died in Spring- 
fiehl, Sept. 2r>ih, 1G83, aged Go. To the Indian Deed of Norlli.'in]>ton, 
dated 1(353, he was a witness. The year aiier, Northani[»ton began to be 
settlech 

The purchase was niad(^ by Col. Jt)hn Pynclion, consisting of a tract 
equal toaliontnine tniles s(juare, widih was in consideration of one iiundred 
fathom of Wampum, ten Coats, the j)lowing of sixteen 'M'.n.'^ of corn hind, 
and a few presents to the piincipal Sael)(*ms, one of wijich was a woman. 

Kowhind Stebbing and his son, Jolm, weiv among the early settlers of 
Springfield, and afterwards ot" Noithamj)!()n. The lather having received 
his settlement land in Springlield, his son John received his settlement 
land in Nortlij;m[)ton. A hon»e lot, in that part of the town now known 
as Hawley street, also his proportion of meadow, also in the inner and 
outer commons. 

The Indian Deed of Norihampton bears date Sept. 24th, ir);">3, — a 
curiosity of olden time, as is also the last Will and Testament of Rowland 
Stebbing, who died in Northam])ton, Dec. 14, 1G71, aged 77, where also 
his son, John, died 1G78, a.^ed GO. 

John Stebbins married Abiirail Bartlett. Their descendants were nu- 
merous, as appears by the I'ecords of birihs, marriages and deaths, in 
Northampton. Yet not one of the descendants of John are now living in 
Northampton. He had nine children. Several of liis sons went to Deer- 
field in the early settlement of that town, and some of their descendants 
now i-eside there. One of John's sons was captuied by the Indians, at 
Deerfield with his wife, but he ma<1e his escape before reaching Canjitla, and 
is supposed to have afterwards settled in Belcheriown. Row hind Siel.bing 
may be considered as the ancestor of all of th(^ name now in America, how- 
ever they may vary the spelling, as Stiben, Stibhen, Steehen, Stubbing, 
Stebbing, or as now generally written, Stebbins. Thomas, tlie eldest son of 
Rowland Stebbing, remained in Springfield and married a <laughter of Dea- 
con Samuel Wright, who removed to Northani})ton and there died in his 
chair suddenly. His descen<lants now own a beautiful knoll, adjoining the 
cemetery, called Stebbin's Hill, which is in possession of the heirs of the 
late Noah Wright. 

This memoir records the descendants of the third son of Thomas ; this 
third son was named Joseph, being the first of the name in this memoir. 
He was born October 24th, 1(552, married Sarah, the daughter of Antho- 
ny Donalston, and died in Springfield, October 15lh, 1728, aged 7G. 

The next lineal descendant of the first Joseph was named Joseph, being 
the second of the name in the pedigree, born October 4th, 1G74 ; mar- 
ried Rebecca, the daughter of Isaac Colton, and was drowned while cross- 
ing the Connecticut River, in the year 1721, aged 47 years. They also 
had a son named Joseph, being the third of the name in this pedigiee, 
born September 23, 1705 ; married Mary Stebbins, the sister of Capt. 
Thomas Stebbins. This third Joseph died March 8th, 1793, aged 88, and 
his wife, Mary, died January 9th, 1803, aged 88. They had two sons, 
Joseph and Gad, and one daughter, who married Ariel Collins of S[)ring- 
field. 

Joseph, the 4th of the name in this pedigree, was born March 27th, 
1737, nianied Eunice, the daughter of Charles lirewer, of Wilbraham, a 
man of intelligence and noted for his intellectual acquirements. 

This 4ih Joseph died April T2th, 1819, aged 82, and his wife, Eunice, 
died Nov. 22nd, 1818, aged 78. The last mentioned Josepli and Eunice, 
bad three sons and three daughters, of whom two sons and two daughters, 



1851.] Memoir of the Stehhins Family/. 73 

viz : Daniel, Festus, Eunice, and Lois, who, on the 23rd day of August, 
1817, were convened at the h^use of the eldest brother in Northampton; 
at which time, their united ages amountcnl to three hundred and three 
years, ten months and eleven days; a solemn and interesting meetmg, and 
then walking over the same grounds possessed by their ancestor and his 
son, John, more than one hundred and ninety years before. But the earth 
remains, the homestead in other hands. The moss-grown v/ell remains, 
and although the privilege of drawing the water and drinking from the 
ancient oaken bucket could not be gratified, yet imagination could sup- 
ply the defect. 

Festus Stebbins, one of the four, died June 21st. 1850 ; but the eldest 
brother and the two sisters are yet living ; the two sisters, widows, reside 
in Brooklyn, L. I., (New York.) Eunice married William Marshall, Jr., 
of Boston, for her first husband. Their children were AVilliam S. Mar- 
shall, who resides in Cincinnati, Ohio, grocer ; John B. Marshall resides 
in Lowell, Mass., dealer in flour, and Joseph 11. Marshall, Jeweller, in the 
city of New York. Their mother became the second wife of the late 
Roger Adams. There were no children by this marriage. Lois, the 
other sister, married Pliny Brewer, of Springfield, who removed to N. Y., 
engaged in navigation. Their children were Joseph S. Brewer, who re- 
sides in Brooklyn, book-keeper ; their daughter, Mary Loisa, married 
Henry Barstow, of Brooklyn, merchant, and Frnnces S. Brewer married 
Caleb Barstow, of Brooklyn, merchant. They had three sons, viz : Henry 
O., who married Angelina Hull, and resides in Mobile, Ala., commission 
merchant ; George and Charles also reside in Mobile — George engaged 
in the shipping business, and Charles, merchant. 

The children of the fourth Joseph Stebbins and his wife, Eunice, were 
Daniel, born April 2d, 176(), now resident in Northampton, Mass. ; Festus, 
born March oth, 17G8, and died June 21st, 1850, aged 82 years, 'A months, 
and 16 days — disease, apoplexy; Eunice, born January 14th, 1775, no\V 
resides in Brooklyn, N. Y., widow of the late Roger Adams ; Lois, born 
March 31st, 1777, resides in Brooklyn, N. Y., widow of the late Pliny 
Brewer. These brothers and sisters had another family gathering in 
Springfield, Oct. Oth, 1849, at which time their united ages amounted to 
312 years, 3 months, and 15 days; since which time, Festus, one of the 
brothers, has deceased. 

There was another daughter of the 4th Joseph and Eunice Stebbins, 
who died in infancy. Another son by the name of Quartus Stebbins, born 
in Springfield, Nov. 5th, 1772, married Eunice, the daughter of Nathaniel 
Burt, of Longmeadow, removed to Brecksville, Ohio, and there died of 
the prevailing fever, Sept. 24th, 1827, aged 54. 

Before leaving New England he was honored with a Colonel's Commis- 
sion, the highest military promotion by any of the name of Stebbins, in 
New England. Others of the name have been members of the State 
Legislature, and Magistrates, and only two of the name sustaining the 
office of Judge of any court. The Stebbins family have generally occu- 
pied the middle station of active and useful life in society, and perhaps 
have been as useful, as if moving in the more elevated circles ; a few have 
been promoted to places of honor and trust, and sustained a well-earned 
reputation in their respective stations. 

One of the name has been County Treasurer thirty-five years in suc- 
cession, by annual popular election, from the first division of the old 
County of Hampshire, in 1811 — '12, and, in consequence of sickness, 
resigned. Some of the name of Stebbins have been successful in 
mercantile pursuits, others in the medical profession, or branches of 

r' 



74 Memoir of the Stehhins Family. [Jan. 

mechanism ; but generally they have composed that class of citizens who 
cultivate the earth. 

Col. Qiiavtus Stebbins died in Brecksville, Ohio, but his wife returned 
and died in Springfield. They had several children, three of >vliom, 
Wm. Edgar, aged '2.6^ Loren, 19, and Caroline, lo, have deceased ; there 
are four sons now living, viz: Augustus (^. Stebbins, merchant in N. Y. ; 
Henry and Daniel, farmers in Biecksviilt', and Francis, a mechanic in 
Cleveland, Ohio. This year (1850) Henry Stebbins, with others, has 
gone to California. 

Festus Stebbins, the second son of the fourth Joseph, married Frances, 
the daughter of Joel and Eunice Dickinson, of Amherst. They had sev- 
eral children, now living, viz: .Joseph, born July 10, 1800, a i'armer; The- 
odore, born Dec. 9, 1812, merchant; Mary, born April 17, 1807, married 
Charles Stearns; Joel Dickinson, born July oO, 1809, merchimt, N. Y. ; 
James, born July 17, 1811, a farmer ; Charles, born Sept. 3, 1813, mer- 
chant, in New Orleans, La. ; Maria, born March 27, 1818, married John 
B. Stebbins, merchant, Springfield; AVilliam, born May 14, 1820; jewel- 
ler, N. Y. ; .Richard, born May 16, 1824, physician in Springfield. 

The following children of Festus Stebbins have deceased, viz : Edwin 
Stebbins, jeweller, N. Y., who married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas 
and Mary Richards of N. Y. Edwin died February 14, 1845, aged 40 ; 
his remains and those of an only daughter are deposited in Springfield 
cemetery. Edwin had accumulated a large estate in New York. Lewis, 
another son of Festus Stebbins, was drowned in Hartford, while bathing, 
aged 18 ; his remains are also deposited in Springfield cemetery, also 
Sophia, who died Dec. IG, 1841, aged 19 ; and Festus Stebbins, the father 
of the above, died Jur.e 21st, 1850, of apoplexy, aged 82 years, 3 mor.ths 
and 16 days ; of whose decease the Springfield paper remarks : '• An Old 
Man gone. The death of Mr. Festus Stebbins, one of our oldest men — 
a. Patriarch of the Town — was much respected as a man and a citizen ; 
his death is the breaking of one more of the few links that bind the 
Springfield of the present to the Springfield of the past." 

Gad Stebbins, the second son of the third Joseph and Mary, was born 
1748, had a collegiate education, studied and practised the healing art, 
married Sarah, the daughter of Samuel Buckminster, of Brookfield, who 
died in the old French War. Dr. Gad Stebbins w\as a decided patriot, — 
established a large Factory for making saltpetre to be used in manufactur- 
ing gun-powder during the war of the Revolution. He died at the age 
of 68, and his wife died at the age of 55 ; she was an only child, and by 
her maternal line of descent, connected with the Wolcotts ; their children 
were Harriet, Deborah W., Charles, George, Sarah B. 

Harriet is a professed Teacher of Youth, Deborah "W. married Rev. 
Ira Ingram, and resides in Lyons, N. Y. ; Charles, a skilful painter, re- 
sides in Birmingham, Ohio ; George, a clergyman, in Sterling, llliriois ; 
Sarah B. married Matthew C. Bates, of Milledgi.ville, Georgia; Samuel 
B. Stebbins, the eldest son of Dr. Gad Stebbins, was a farmer, and died 
February 1, 1847, aged 60. 

Thomas, the eldest son of Rowland Stebbins, my own family ancestor, 
had five sons, viz : Samuel, Thomas, Joseph, Edward, and Benjamin. 

Of the descendants of John, the second son of Rowland Stebbins, Abi- 
gail, the daughter of John and Abigail, of Northampton, married Jedediah 
Strong, who had children settled in Coventry, Ct., whom she set out to 
visit, Oct. 10, 1710, and while passing South Hadley Falls, she fell from 
her horse, and died the next day. 

John Stebbins, jr., went to Deerfield, there lived and died. By his last 



1351.] Memoir of the StehUns Family. 75 

Will, dated Julj, 1723, bequests were made to three sons and two daii^rh- 
ters, then in Canada, provided they should return and reside in New 
England. There is no account of their return. They were made prison- 
ers by the French and Indians, Feb. 14, [21Jth] 1704, with Rev. John 
Williams and others, when Deerfield was destroyed, at which time Samuel 
Stebbins was aged IG, Joseph 13, and Eben 10. Several years after the 
capture, a gentleman from Montreal travelling the interior of Canada, 
found a French girl who said she was grand-daughter of Thankful Steb- 
bins. Thankful was one of the children captured at Deerfield. Inquiry 
is now being made by friends residing in Montreal, whether among mixed 
breeds of the French or Indians any of the name of Stebbins, or approxi- 
mating to it in sound, can be discovered. 

In the year 1G7{', during King Phillip's War, there were many of the 
inhabitants of Northampton murdered ; also some before and after that 
war. At one time the Indians attempted to burn a house and the people 
in the house, in the lower ])art of Northampton, and by flaming arrows 
had set it on lire ; — one Thomas Stebbins being within the house, wrap- 
ping a feather bed about his body, ventured out, drew water from the well, 
and extinguished the flames. 

It appears by the Town Records of Longmeadow, that Rowland Steb- 
bins was considered the ancestor of all of the name ; that his whole fam- 
ily settled in Springfield, with the early settlers ; that Thomas, his eldest 
son, had five sons ; that two of them settled in Longmeadow ; that one of 
them married Eunice, daughter of Rev. Stephen Williams, D.D., that 
they had a son Stephen W. Stebbins, educated at Yale College, settled in 
the ministry at Stratford and West Haven, where he died in 1843, at an 
advanced age; a man of amiable temper, conciliating manners and supe- 
r'lOY Pulpit talents. Ilis Alma jMater had honored him with the title of 
Doctor of Divinity. He had a son named William, a reputable citizen 
of New Haven. In the year 1GG7 [1G77] one vStockwell,* with 24 oth- 
ers, was captured by the Indians at Deerfield, among whom was one of 
John Stebbins' grand-sons, and his wife ; this son made his escape at 
Wachuset Hills. 

There are several families of the name of Stebbins residing in the 
town of Belchertown and vicinity, one of the name of Stebbins being 
among the Pioneers to settle that town. 

It will be seen by the preceding pages that Rowland Stebbing and 
family arrived in America in 1G34, that he was born in England in 1594, 
that he died in Northampton, December 14th, 1G71, aged 77. The fol- 
lowing [persons] died in Springfield : 

Thomas, the eldest son, the great, great, great grand-father of the writer, 
died in Springfield, Sept. 25, 1683, aged 63. 

1st Joseph, the third son of Thomas, died Oct. 15, 1728, 

2d Joseph, a son of the first Joseph, died (drowned) 1721, 

od Joseph, a son of 2d Joseph, he was grand-father 

of the writer, died, March 8, 1793, 

His wife, Mary, died, Jan. 9, 1803, 

4th Joseph, the eldest son of the 3d Joseph, died, April 1 8, 1819, 
His wife, Eunice, died, Nov. 22, 1818, 

These two last were the parents of the writer. 

The Railroad having been laid across and over the ancient burial-ground 
in Springfield, which had been used as a depository of the dead from the 

♦ In our volume of " Narravtics of Indian Captiitives," is one of Stockwell. 

Editor. 



u 


76. 


u 


47. 


u 


88. 


n 


88. 


a 


82. 


u 


78. 



76 Memoir of the Sielh'ms Family. [Jan. 

first settlemeiit of the town, A.D. 1()36, nntl had been so crowded by graves 
and overgrown with trees and shrubbery, that the town liad ordered the re- 
mains and monuments to be removed (o the new cemetery, i)rovided for 
that and other sepulchral purposes. The exhumation and removal com- 
menced in the spring of 1848. Some persons chose to remove tiie relics 
of their friends to the towns of their respective residence. 

The remains of an adopted daughter of mine were removed to Xorth- 
am])ton cemetery, also of Spencer Judd, her husband, and their son. 

1848, June 10th, the writer of this memoir, attended the exhumation of 
his parents and grand-parents ; the 3d Joseph of this memoir, who had 
been buried 55 years, and his grand-mother had been buried 45 years, 
whose coifins were in a middling state of preservation; the coffins made 
of pine, the age of the grand-father designated by brass nails; the heads 
of the nails apparently gilded: the coffin lid of the grand-mother had a 
metal plate with name, age, and time of decease. 

The coffin of the father and mother, less perfect, though inhumed only 
about half so long, in the same kind of earth, — a sandy loam — side by 
side ; the wood composing the coffins not of pine. 

All the large bones firm — some portions of the sepulchral dress well 
preserved, especially a dress w^ig with curls, also the coffin trimmings. 

By comparing the coffins of these and others, as to the difference be 
tween pine and other materials, an o[)inion was formed, that a coffin made 
of 1^ inch white pine, with a steep roo^, might last a century. 

The most ancient remains exhumed were those of the wife of Elizur 
Holyoke, daughter of William Pynchon, the leader of the Springfield 
colony, 16oG. She died Oct. 26, 1657 and her remains were exhumed in 
1848, having been in the ground 19.Ly.e§Lrs. There were probably others, 
who deceased at an earlier date, and without grave-stones to designate the 
spot of interment. But she, being a distinguished woman, daughter of 
William Pynchon, sister to Col. John Pynchon, might be the occasion of a 
monumental stone, which described her as the " Very paragon of her sex." 
Her husband, Eleazer [Elizur] Holyoke, sustained a conspicuous station 
with Col. John Pynchon in the purchase and settlement of Northampton. 

While digging over the old burying-ground in Springfield it was found 
that the roots of willow^s, elders, &c., had penetrated decayed coffins. 
Such was the condition of exhuming the remains of Major Adre, at the 
head of whose grave, some sympathising lady had planted a sprig of Wil- 
low, which, at the time of exhumation, had grown to the size of a tree, 
and the roots had penetrated and sought nourishment from the head and 
body. A grave was dug in Northampton cemetery, near an Elm tree, 
and being opened afterwards to remove the remains to a distant town or 
city, the whole body was found enveloped by a fibrous coat of roots like a 
matting. Such an effect of trees near graves, needs no comment. 

Daniel, the eldest son of the 4th Joseph, married for his first wife 
Clarissa, the daughter of Jeremiah Snow, of Springfield. She died in 
Northampton, Feb. 26, 1820, aged ' 53 — without issue. 1821, Feb. 
12, he again married Elizabeth Gerrish Long, the widow of Charles Long, 
of Nevvburyport. Her maiden name was Knapp, daughter of P^noch and 
Rachel Knapp. Her father was lost at sea, vessel and cargo, and his 
widow married Robert Long, the father of Charles Long ; Charles Long 
born November 5, 1788, married Elizabeth G. Knapp — they had two 
children, viz: Elizabeth and Charles. Elizabeth Long was born Dec. 22, 
1813 ; she married J. Stebbins Lathrop, grand-son of late Rev. Jos. 
Lalhrop, of West Springfield, October 28, 1838 — they had a daughter 
named Elizabeth Stebbins Lathrop, born July 19, 1841. 



1851.] Memoir of the Stebhins Family. 11 

Charles Long, son of Charles and Elizabeth G., born Aug. 13, 1815, 
died in Northampton of the measles, April 9, 1833. aged 17. His father, 
Charles Long, died in Newburyport, January 2d, 1816, aged 27. 

Samuel Lonn;, the father of Robert Long, married an English lady by 
the name of Mary Eunice Jennings, who was from London, where her 
relatives died, and were said to be possessed of great wealth, to which 
Mary E. Jennings was sole heir. vSamuel Long and his wife, Mary E., 
had one son named Robert Long; this son married Ruth, the daughter of 
the Hon. Phillips White, for his first wife ; she died Dec. 4th, 18 1 G, aged 
54 — their issue was a son named Charles Long, born Nov. 5, 1788. 

Roiiert Long, after the decease of his first wife, Ruth, married Rachel, 
the widow of Capt. Enoch Knapp, the father of Elizabeth G., who became 
the wife of Charles Long, son of Robert and Ruth Long, Nov. 28, 1811. 
Charles Long died January 2, 18 IG, aged 27, and his father, Robert Long, 
died Dec. IG, 1812, aged 63. 

Rowland Siebbing, having died in Northampton, Dec. 14, 1671, no 
stone was erected at his grave to designate the exact spot of interment. 
But the spot luis been accidentally discovered the present year, as sup- 
posed, (Sept. 21, 18o0,) having been unknown 179 years. As the writer 
could not or did not discover the spot in the year 1840, he has caused a 
granite cenotaph to be erected in the family square, No. 1, in the adjoining 
new cemetery, commemorative of " Rowland Stebbins [the emigrant] 
Ancestor of the name, who died in Northampton, Dec. 14, 1671 aged 77." 

The Armorial hearings of Stebbing (London, and Wisset, Co. Suffolk.) 
Quarterly, or and gu. ; on a bend Sa. five bezants. — Crest. A lion's 
head erased ar. 

Tiie following was received from the College of arms, London, June 5, 
1846, for which I am indebted to J. E. Esq., an English gentleman resi- 
dent in Northampton : 

*' Dear Sir, — In reply to yours of May 4th, and in behalf of Charles 
Young, E<q., Gent., I have to inform you, that search has been made in 
the records of this place, for pedigrees of the Stebbing family, and the 
family appear only in the visitation of the county of Suffolk. In the 
year 1664 a jjcdigree was recorded of the name, with Arms, (30 years 
after the family arrived in America.) Rut there is no mention of any 
member of the family having gone to America. Nor does the name of 
Rowland occur. To this pedigree, we have in our miscellaneous collec- 
tion of pedigrees, very large additions, and brought down to a comparative- 
ly modern period. But its antiquity is not great, being only in the 
sixteenth century. Copies of these may be had on payment of the cus- 
tomary fees. 

I have the honor to remain, Sir, your most obedient Servant, 

William Couthope, Rouge Croix. 

Rowland Stebbing was a man of property and education, and probably 
chief of the name, and Representative of the family in Essex, England. 

The followinu: is the substance of the last Will and Testament of Row- 
land Stebbins, dated tiie first day of the first month, 1660 : 

" Know all men by these presents, that I Rowland Stebbins of North- 
"ampton in Hampshire, in the Colony of Massachusetts: having my per- 
" feet memory, through the goodness of GOD, though very weak and sick 
" in body, Wayting for my great Change, wch I desire the Lord in mercy 
" to fit me for. 

" Do make and ordayne this to be my last Will and Testament 

"I Pr. I committ my Soule to GOD, that made it, and to the Lord Jesus 



78 3Iemoir of the Stehhins Family. [Jan. 

" Cliri.st that redoemed it, by his most precious Blood: and do hope it 
"shall he united to him forever, and my body to be in a comely and decent 
" manner biereed, hoping at the Great Day of the Resurection, the Lord 
"Jesus will chanire this vile body, and fashion it like to his Glorious Body 
" and so shall be forever with the Lord. 

Also I do make my beloved son John Stebbins to be my full and sole 
exe(;ntor which I hope will be faithful in all ihinjzs committed to his trust 
— Also my Will and desire is, that all my Just debts and funeral expenses 
be paid & sati>fied. And as concerning my Outward and worldly instate, 
that the Lord in his meicy hath given unto me I dispose of in manner, &c. 

Certain sums in money were given to the seven children of his eldest 
son Thomas, and to the Nine Cliildren of his son John. 

It appears by the inventory and appraisal of his Real and personal es- 
tate, which was am[)le, that aftei- paying all debts, bequests, and incidental 
expenses, he ordered that the rest and residue, should be equally divided 
between his sons, Thomas and John. 

He requested that his much Honored Friend Capt. John P^'nchon and 
his beloved Brother Robert Bartlelt, would be the overseers of his Last 
AVill and Testament, and that his son John should keep the Will. 

Signed & Sealed the first day of the first month. Anno D. M. 1669._ 
[Signed] Rowland Stebbins, Sen'r. 

Attest, William Jeanes, Thomas Hanchet, Pers'r. 

\_To he continued.'] 



A VENERABLE RELIC IN A CURIOUS PLACE. 

As the workmen eni^ascd in reT)ainnG: the Old South Church were rcmovinor 
Bome bricks \n the tower of that edifiee, on Monday morning, it became necessary 
to take out a (1 it stone over the pla e in the wall through which the connecting 
rod of the hands of the north dial of the clock passed. This stone proved to be 
a finely-chiselled grave stone, bearing the name of Joshua Scottoe, who died in 1C98. 

How the sfone came to be in so sinfrular a place, and at such an elevation, is un- 
known. Only the edie of it was visible in the wall. It was in the tower, back of 
the norh dial, some fifty feet fiom the L'round. — Atlas^ Oct., 1850. 

In our previous pages much of intcesthas been given about Joshua Scottow. 
He was an active and well known character in N. England in his day, though not 
so ])opular as many others who deserved less. We have seen a minute journal 
kept by him during an expedition in the Indian Wars, with which we hope by 
and by to treat our readers. 

There were two stones found at the same time, both bearing inscriptions, as 
follows : 

HERE LYETII BURIED HERE LYETII 

Y^ BODY OF Y^ BODY OF 

JOSHUA SCOTTOW WILLIAM MIDDLE^on 

AGED 83 YEARS AGED 74 YEARS 

DEC" JANUARY Y^ DIED MARCH 

20 169^- Y*^ 3 1690 



Boston, June 9th, 1 746. By Order of His Majesty's Justices of the Peace in 
the Town of Boston, 

WhiM'eis there appears a growing: Neijligence of duly observing and keeping 
the Loiil's Day, the Justices in the Town of Boston have agreed to walk and ob- 
Rcrvc the Behaviour of the People of said Town of Boston on said day ; and they 
judire it proper to <j;ive this piiblick Notice thereof, and all persons profaning the 
Lord's Day, i)y walking, standing in the streets, or any other way l>reaking the 
Laws made for the <lue Observation of the Lord's Day, may expect the Execution 
of the Law uj)on them, for all Disorders of this kind. — The Boston Weekly News- 
Letter, 12 June, 174G. 



1851.] Varnum Family, 79 



AN ACCOUNT OF THE VARNUM FAlMILY, FROM THEIR 

FIRST COMING TO AMERICA FROM ENGLAND. 

[Communicated by Isaac Chikls, Esq., member of the Kew England Ilistoric- 

Genca ogkal Society.*] 

Samuel Varnum, married Sarah Langton and removed from a town 
called Dracutt (in Wales, as supposed,) and settled in Ipswich in the 
county of Essex. He brought with him two sons and a daughter. The 
sons, who were Samuel and Abraham, settled at Ipswich, where also was 
born one son named Thoma^s. Said Samuel removed to Chelm.sford, on 
Merimac river, where the Howard's lived, that place being garrisoned on 
account of the Indians. He had ])urchased land on the North side of the 
river, then called Dracut, in Clielmsford, where he pastured cattle. One 
morning wliile crossing in a boat with his two sons and daugliter to milk 
the cows, with a guard of soldiers, they were fired upon by Indians in 
ambush, as the boat struck the sliore, and the two sor.s at the oars were 
killed, one of whom fell back into his sister's lap as she sat behind him. 
The soldiers were so much alarmed as not to fire till called on by the 
father, who fired, the oarsmen being both dead. Tliey were buried in 
Howard's field near the river. Tlic Indians fled ; but whether injured or 
not by their fire, could not be ascertained. | 

After a time, peace was made with the Indians, and he settled on his 
land in Dracut, being the first settler in that place. About that time a 
Colburn family settled near him, and soon after another son was born to 
him, on the North side of the river, above Haverhill, where the Indians 
came in and assisted the mother, (there being no white person near) and 
had dressed the child in their maimer with wampum, calling it their white 
pappoose, and white king, dancing and singing round with it in their arms, 
and playing on Jews-harps, on the bank of the river, when the father, (who 
had been for assistance) returned. 

Another son was afterward born to him, named Joseph. 
The three sons settled near each other on these lands, where tliey were 
often alarmed by the Indians ; and as war frequently broke out, they built 
a block house, bullet proof, in which all assembled at night to sleep ; and, 
as a further precaution, guns were fixed with lines attached to tliem in 
every direction, so that none could approach the house without striking a 
line, and firing a gun ; which precaution proved fatal to a poor b.orse, who 
came near one night, and was killed. He was heard to struggle and groan 
by the inmates of the house, who supposed an Indian had been killed ; but 
no one ventured out till light next morning. - — .^ 

Thomas, the elder of three remaining sons, married a Jewett, oK 
Ipswich, had two sons and four daughters. The eldest son, Samuel, i 
married a Goodhue, of Dracut, had one son and four daughters, but died 
in the prime of life. The son died soon after, a young man. 

Thomas, the second son, who lived with his father, married Sarah 
Coburn, and died in about a year, leaving one son named Thomas, who 
inherited his father's estate, married Mary Atkins, and had five sons and 

* The account appears to have been drawn up by a member of the Varnum family, 
as it was signed " Eleanor Varnum." — Editor. 

t No place of the name Dmcut appears in any of the numerous gazetccrs Avhich 
■ne have con ulterl, cither in England or Wales. Of the name Draycot dicrc are no 
less tlian n'nie, all, however, in Enghind. — Editor. 

X This affair happened, according to IJullard, Indian Wars^p. 84, " about the 18th of 
March. 1676."— Editor. 



80 Varnum Family, [Jan. 

four daugliters, and died in 1805, aged 57 years. Mary died 1818, aged 
5G. These children all lived on the land that was originally their great 
grandfather's. 

John Varnnra, the first white child born in Draeut, married Dolly 
Prescott, of Groton, had four sons and three daughters, and died in the 
4(Jth year of his age. The sons were named John, Abraham, Jonas, and 
James. John and Abraham settled at Draeut, Jonas, in Pepperell, and 
James, in Chester; all had families. John, when 21 years of age, went 
with Captain Lovewell [in 1725] on snow shoes to fight the Indians, carrying 
their provisions on their backs. Toward AVinipsoket [Winnipissiogeej 
Pond they came on the Indian trail. During their march they discovered 
a bear in his den in a hollow tree, which, by help of their dogs, they killed. 
He could not be got out where he went in, having become so fat during 
his winter's residence. They soon had a fire, roasted and feasted on his 
fiesh, — a very timely supply, as their provisions were nearly exhausted. 
Continuing their march they soon came to the above named pond, where 
they lost the track, there being no snow on the ice. There appeared to 
follow the Indians a large flock of ravens, lighting on, and hovering over 
the trees on an island of the pond, indicating their situation, which was also 
considered ominous of the destruction of their enemies. 

The party soon after following these ravens, found themselves within 
hearing of the Indians, who were hunting beavers and other game ; and 
having had a " great hunt " that day, Capt. Lovewell thought best to halt, 
and wait till the Indians, from eating heartily at supper, should sleep 
soundly. They built no fires, and took the precaution to tie up the mouths 
of the dogs and keep them close, so as to surprise the enemy at midnight. 
They attacked them in camp while asleep about one o'clock, killing eight 
and wounding one ; another in attemi)ting to run away, was overtaken by 
the dogs and dispatched ; so that all were destroyed, nine men and a boy. 

The boy was armed with a lancet on a pole, as was supjjosed to drive 
and torment prisoners. It was thought these Indians were going to 
Chochecho, now Dover, to destroy a i'ew iamilies settled there. They 
scalped the Indians, and left them food for the ravens.* Lovewell and his 
men then marched to the settlement last named, thence to Andover, where 
they were entertained at Joseph Parker's, where John Yarnum first saw 
Phoebe Parker, whom he afterwards married, and by her had a family of 
thirteen children. John Varnum died suddenly, on the 2G(hof July, 1785, 
aged 80 years and 5 months, and Pha^be, his wife, died January ol, 1786, 
being in the 74th year of her age. Their first four children were daugh- 
ters ; Phoebe m. Benjamin Poor ; Lydia, m. Jacob Tyler ; Susan, ra. 
Ebenezer Poor ; Hannah m. Benjamin Stevens, all of Andover. 

John, the first son, was a lieutenant in the " old French war," and died 
of a fever at Crown Point, in 17 GO, in his 22d year. 

Dolly, m. Peter Colburn, of Draeut, had one son and died soon after. 
The others died young. 

Parker, the second son, m. Dorcas Brown, of Tewkesbury, and lived 
with his parents on the same land that descended from his great grand- 
father. 

Dorcas bore him fifteen children, and died April 29, 1800, aged 46 
years. 

None of the children are now living. He then m. Abiah Osgood, of 
Andover. He is now, (Feb. 17,,1HL')) 71 years old. 

James, third son, m. Prudence Ilildreth, of Draeut, who died soon after, 

* See " The Book of the Indians," Book iii. Chap. ix. 



1851.] Varnum Family, 81 

leaving one daughter.* He lived seventeen years as a widower, then m. 
Eleanor Briges, of Andover, by whom he had two children ; one died 
young, the other is now living. Their mother died Feb. 22, 1801, in the 
42d year of her age. He then m. the widow Martha Adams, of Greenfield. 

Said James was five years in the Revolutionary war, four of wliieh he 
served as Captain, and afterward as CoL of Militia. 

Peter, the fourth son, died about 5 years old. 

Jonas m. Polly Parker, grand-daughter of tlie late Rev. Thomas 
Parker, who was the first minister settled in Dracut. Jonas has three 
sons and one daughter now living, Feb. 17, 1813. 

Now, to return to Joseph, fifth son of Samuel, the original settler of 
Dracut. Joseph was wounded by the Indians, a ball passing through his 
abdomen, by which he lost a portion of his milt or call, but lived neverthe- 
less to be old. He had three sons, Joseph, Samuel, and John, who all 
settled in Dracut. Joseph m. a Goodhue, and lived with his father ; he 
had two sons and one daughter when his wife died, and he m. Abiah 
Mitchell, of Haverhill. By her he had two sons, Bradley and Joseph. 
His wife dying, he then m. widow Bowers. The father was Col. of horse, 
and his sons were Majors. 

[From the Lowell Daily Journal, of Dec. 8, 1832.] 

ANOTHER REVOLUTIONARY OFFICER GONE. 

Died, at his residence in Dracut, on Sunday the 2d inst.. Col. James 
Varnum, aged 85 years. 

Col. Varnum, was born Sept. 18, 1747. The early part of his life w^as 
spent in his father's family, in the business of farming ; by his own exer- 
tion (for at that time there was very little opportunity to acquire an educa- 
tion) he succeeded in getting a tolerable good common school education, 
which, added to his never-tiring perseverance, enabled him to support his 
dignity in all the various situations of life, which he was called ujon to fill. 
In the 28tli year of his age, 1775, when the alarm was first given at Lex- 
ington, he volunteered his services and marched to that place, pursued the 
enemy to Cambridge, where he remained a few weeks, and then joined 
the Continental army. He was soon after appointed a lieutenant and 
remained in the army till the year 1780, when the Commander-in-Chief 
gave him leave to retire with an honorable discharge. His commission 
was signed by John Hancock. In 177 G he was appointed a Captain in 
the regiment commanded by Col. INIichael Jackson, John Brooks, late 
Governor of Massachusetts, Lieut. Colonel ; he served in that regiment 
till 1780. His commission of Captain was signed by George Washington. 

He was in the battle of Bunker Hill, the battle of White Plains, at 
Saratoga when Burgoyne surrendei'ed, and at the battles of Monmouth 
and Trenton. It was near the latter place where he was engaged in one of 
the most daring and dangerous expeditions achieved during the Revolu- 
tionary war. I give the j)articulars as nearly as my memory serves me in 
his own words, as he has frequently related them : 

" A Captain with thirty men was detached to remove the plank 

and stringers of a bridge and throw them into the river, to prevent the 
British army, then rapidly ajiproaching the town, from crossing the river 

by that bridge. Captain refused to perform the duty, saying that 

it was impossible to do it without all being lost, as the British were then 
on the march, and in sight, on a hill about three miles distant. Col. Var- 
num volunteered his services to attempt to perform it, provided he could 

* Prudence, who married Benjamin Gale, Esq. See Register Vol. iv.p. 292. 

8 



82 Inhabitants of Sp'irtg field, [Jan. 

be allowed his full company of men, 64 in number. The officer who wag 
sent with the order observed to him that thirty men are better than more 
to be cut to pieces ; said he, ' I have it from Wasliington's own mouth.' 
Under all these discouraging and dangerous circumstances, he with thirty 
men set out on the expedition, not however, till he had got the most solemn 
assurance of all his men that they would stand or fall with him. Arrived at 
the bridge, they commenced their work, and performed it with such despatch, 
that when the British cavalry arrived in sight on the opposite shore, they 
were engaged in throwing off the last stringer. They, however, succeeded 
in removing it, turned their backs upon the enemy, and made iha best of 
their way back to the American army, under a shower of balls from the 
cavalry, without the loss of but one soldier, who by accident fell into the 
river and was drowned." 

On leaving the army. Col. Varnum returned to his native place, and 
continued on his farm until he was called upon to assist in quelling that do- 
mestic insurrection, known by the name oi" " vShay's RebeUion." He at that 
time commanded a company in the Militia of the Commonwealth, which he 
marched to the principal scene of the insurrection. As soon as tranquility 
was restored, he again returned to private lii'e, in which he has continued 
till the time of his death, engaged in \\\i favorite employment on his farm, 
and enjoying in his manhood and old age the fruits of his youthful labors. 
He was firmly attached to the Constitution of the United States, and con- 
sidered that instrument as the noble offspring of our Revolutionary strug- 
gle. In private life Col. Varnum was an affectionate and indulgent parent, 
a kind husband, a valuable citizen, and a friend to good order, morality, 
and religion. Few men, perhaps, can be found who possess so many 
virtues as he did. He was the pattern of industry, economy, and temper- 
ance ; and by a strict regard to these virtues, he was permitted to enjoy 
the use of his limbs aud mental faculties, almost perfectly, to the last mo- 
ment of his existence. 



INHABITANTS OF SPRINGFIELD. 

Mr. Drake : Amherst, Sept. 19, 1850. 

My Dear Sir — I have one or two corrections for the list of Northamp- 
ton, Ilatfield, and Hadley people, who took Oath of Allegiance Feb. 8, 
1678-1), published in the January 1850 No. of Register. 

1st. The heading, " More Freeman," is a misnomer ; for, as the list is print- 
ed, no freemen follow. I thought I sent with these lists the following :* 
" At the New Towne at Norwotuck, March 2^, 1661. 
These persons whose Names follow beinge inhabitants of the said New 
Towne quallified according to Law to be made freemen of this Common- 
Wealth tooke the freeman's oath before Ca])t. John Pynchon and Elizur 
Holyoke who are impowered by the Gen" Co""*^ to give the said Oath 
according to Law. 

INIr. John Webster Andrew Bacon Thomas Coleman 

]\Ir. John Russell Thomas AVells Robert Boltwood 

Nathaniel Ward Jolm Hubbard Samuel Gardner 

AYin. Markham Nathaniel Dickinson Peter Tilton" 

Thomjis Dickenson Philip Smitl) 

* Tins sliort list of Freemen, not hcinir nttnched to the list printed in the January 
1850 I^cixi^ier, was probably lost in the printing office j its absence was not detected. 
— Kditok. 



1851.] 



Inhabitants: of Springfield. 



83 



Had the above been published, the heading would have been, in part, 
correct. 

2d. P. 2^, 4th line, 3d column, Tho. Brazye should be Bracye. 

3d. P. 2G, Among Northampton names, insert Joseph Jeanes after Mr. 
William Jeanes ; also, Thomas Frentch between Jno. and Sanil. Frentch. 
making the numb^^r of Northampton men 1*2G instead of 124. 

INHABITANTS OF SPUINGFIELD, WUO TOOK THE OATH OF ALLEOIAXCE. 

At the Second Ses-^ions of the General Court, held at Boston, in New 
Enjjland, October 2, 1678. 

Whereas it hath pleased his most excellent Majestic our Gracious King 
by his Letters Apr. 27. 1(')78. to signify his Royal Pleasure that the 
Authority of this his Colony of Massachusetts in New England, do give 
forth orders that the Oath of Allegiance as it is by Law established w^'^'in 
his Kingdome of P>ngland be administered to & taken by al his Subjects 
w^'^in this Colony, who are of years to take an oath. 

In obedience hereunto and as a demonstration of their Loyalty The 
members of that said generall Court did readily take the oath of Allegi- 
ance and by their example and autliority did require and connnand that 

the same oath should be given to and taken by al his Majeslie's 

w*^in this Jurisdiction, that are of sixteen years of age and upwards. 
And to this end the said Genl Court did order the reading of coppys of 
the said oath of Allegiance exactl}^ agreeing with the copy of it enclosed 
in his majesties * * * ^ signed by the Secretary of State, to the 
magistratical power of the respective towns and did further order that the 
Justices or those commissionated w*** magistratical power in cache Countye 
should order the convening of the Inhabitants of the respective Townes 
of the age above-said & to take names & administer the oath of Allegi- 
ance to each of them & to take care for their enrollm* w*'* ye Records of the 
County Courts. 

Accordingly Majo"" Jn*' Pynchon did ord"" the Convening of and admin- 
istered the Oath of Allegiance to the Inhabitants of the Townes hereafter 
expressed or enroled. 

Springfield Dec 31. 1678 ( The Inhabitants of the Towne of vSpring- 
Jan 1. 1678. 1 tield who took the Oath of Allcijiance. 



Edward Stebbein 
Mr Pelatiah Glover 
Mr John Holy ok e 
Mr Daniel Denton 
Benjamin Parsons Sen. 
Jonathan Burt 
Rolland Thomas 
Lieut Tho Stebbein 
Serg* Miles Morgan 
Henry Chapin 
John Lamb 
William Branch 
John Clarke Sen' 
Japhet Chapin 
Nathaniel Burt 
Reice Bodurtha 
Thomas Day 
Samuel Ely 
Nathaniel Richard 
Jn° Steward 
James Warrener 



Robert Ashley Sam" Marshfield 

Quartm"" George Colton Thomas Mirricke 

Anthony Dorchester 

Thomas Colton 

Increase Sikes 

Victory Sikes 

Nathaniel Sikes 

James Sikes 

John Riley 

Jn*^ Bagg 

Obadiah Miller Sen' 

Jon" Barber Sen"" 

Jn° Barber Jun"" 

Charles Ferrey 

Samuel Terrey Sen' 

AVillia Brooke 

Jn*" Matthews 

Abel AVriglit 

Samuel Blisse 

Thomas Stebbein 

Joseph Stebbein 



John Dumbleton 
Luke Ilitchcocke 
Henry Rogers 
Benjamin Leonard 
Abel Leonard 
Josiah Leonard 
Samuel Glover 
Samuel Jones 
Ebenezer Jones 
Thomas Miller 
Isaac Cakebread 
Jn° Warner 
Nathan" Blisse 
Thomas Hunter 
Thomas Brisenton 
Isaac Gleson 
Joseph Bodurtha 
John Piercf 
David Thi'ow 



84 



Burying' Ground, St. Johns, N, B, 



[Jan. 



Jn Hitchcock 
Sam" lilisse Senio^ 
Jonatlia Taylor Sen'" 
Jn° Ulisse 
John Scot 
John Ilannan 
Jolin Petty 
Jonathan Ashley 
Joseph Ashley 
John Dorchester 
James Dorchester 
Thomas Cooper 
Edward Foster 
Joseph Leonard 
Isaac Colton 
Ephraim Colton 
Jn*" Bodurtha 
Sam'^ Bodurtha 
Nathaniel Mun 
James Mun 
Henry Gilbert 
Sam^i^BlisseTerti"^ 
John Hawkes 



Benja. Stebbein 
Samuel Blisse Jun' 
Eliakim Cooley 
Obadiah Cooley 
Daniel Cooley 
Benjamin Cooley 
Joseph Cooley 
John Norton 
Jonathan Bab 
Samuel Bab 
Francis Pepper 
Nicholas Rust 
David Lumbard 
James Taylor 
Jonatha Taylor Jun' 
Samuel Taylor 
Jonathan Morgan 
David Morgan 
Isaac Morgan 
Jon" Merricke 
Thos Day Jun"* 
Jon" Miller 
Benja Knowlton 



I trust that the above will be acceptable. 

Yours sincerely, Lucius 



Sam" Terry Jun' 
Josias Miller 
Philip Mattoon 
Thomas Jones 
Jonatha Burt Jun*" 
John Burt 
Thomas Gilbert 
Benja Parsons Jr 
Benjamin Hinton 
Herbert Furgeson 
Thomas Lamb 
Dan" Beamon 
Jose[)h Wright 
Jn" Clarke Jun' 
Jn" Mun 
Jn" Pope 
• Jonatha Bush 
Richard Waite 
Obadiah Miller Jun' 
Lazarus Miller 
James Stevenson 
Jn" Ferrey 
John Artsel 

Manlius Boltwood. 



BURYING-GROUND, ST. JOHN, N. B. 

Sacred to the Memory of Munson Jarvis, Esq., late of this city, of 
St. John, who was born at Norwalk, in the State of Connecticut (in the 
United States of America) then under the British Government, on the 
11th of October, 1742, 0. S., and died in this city, on the 7th day of 
October, 1S25, in the 83d year of his age. 

He was among the number of the loyalists, who at the close of the 
troubles in their native country, left it and came to this province, at that 
time a wilderness. 

In the doctrine of the Established Protestant Ej^iscopal Church he was 
educated, and in the same he continued until his death. In his life he 
was esteemed and respected, and he died justly lamented. As an affec- 
tionate husband, a sincere friend, and a kind and tender parent. — Copied 
from the Tomb Stone, 184G. 



EVERSLIEDS. 



" In the Parish of Ockley, Co. Surry, are five famous families of yeo- 
men, named Evershed^ Steer, Harp, Ilethor, and Aston. Of the first of 
whom, who have a seat here, and are said to have held it from before the 
Coufpiest, this story is told : AVhen the Heralds made their visitation into 
these ])arts (as was usiud in all countries in the days of our forefathers) 
one of t lie family of Eversh(Mls was urged to tak(^ a coat of arms, to make 
him and his posterity grntlemen ; but he refused, saying he knew no dif- 
ference between gentlem(m and yeomen, but that the latter were the better 
men ; for he thougiit that they only were, really gentlemen who had 
pr(;seived their patrimonial estates longest in the same places, without 
waste or disiipation." — Magna Britannia, V. 388. 



1851.] First Settlers of Rochester, Mass. 86 



FIRST SETTLERS OF ROCHESTER, MASS., AND THEIR 

FAMILIES. 

[Communicated by David Hamblen, Esq., Member of the New England Historic 

Genealogical Society. | 

John Annable, and wife Elizabeth ; children, Ephraim b. Oct. 3l, 
1744 ; Samuel b. June 4, 1749. 

Stephen Andrews and wife Bethia ; children, Bethia b. May 26, 
1699; Stephen b. July 5, 1701 ; Mary b. Sept. 24, 1703 ; Benjamin b. 
Jan. 24, 1704-5 ; Hannah b. June 30, 1707 ; Deborah b. Oct. 8, 1710 ; 
Elizabeth b. March 31, 1713. 

Stephen Andrews, Jr., and wife Charity ; children. Stephen b. June 
20, 1729 ; Thomas b. Dec. 22, 1730. 

Samuel Arnold and wife Elizabeth; chiUlren, Samuel b. March 14, 
1713 ; Josiah b. March 24, 1715 ; Sarah b. June 23, 1717 ; John b. Jan. 

16, 1719 ; Seth b. April 21, 1721. 

Joseph Ashley and wife Elizabeth ; children, Thomas b. Feb. 21, 
1704-5 ; Jethero b. Jan. 11, 1706-7 ; William b. Dec, 12, 1708; Eliza- 
beth, b. Jan. 4, 1710-11 ; Mary b. March 12, 1718-19. 

Shubal Barlow and wife Barshuay ; children, Mary b. August 15, 
1712 ; Experience b. June 21, 1714 ; Rose b. April 17, 1722. 

Aaron Barlow and wife Bulah ; children, Elizabeth b. Aug. 22, 
1684; Mary b. March 30, 1688; Shubal b. May 13, 1691; Nathan b. 
July 1, 1697. 

John Benson and wife Elizabeth ; children, Mary b. March 10, 1688 ; 
Sarah b. July 15, 1690 ; Ebenezer b. March 16, 1693 ; John b. June 10, 
1696 ; Joseph and Benjamin, twins, b. March 16, 1697 ; Bennett b. Sept* 
10,1698; Martha b. March 5, 1703; Joshua and Caleb, twins, b. Jan. 
29, 1704; Samuel b. March 22, 1706. 

John Blackmer and wife INIary ; children, Nathaniel b. July 3, 1712; 
Elizabeth b. March 12, 1713-14; Susannah b. July 8, 1716; John b. 
March 21, 1717-18 ; Mary b. March 8, 1719-20. 

Caleb Black well and wife Bethyah ; children, John b. March 21, 
1717-18; Mary b. June 13, 1720; Bethia b. Dec. 21, 1722. 

Samuel Bowles, Jr., and wife Lydia ; children, Benjamin b. Nov. 
29, 1715 ; Deborah b. October ] 6, 1717 ; Johannah b. June 28, 1719 ; d. 
April 9, 1725 ; Deliverance b. May 16, 1722 ; Lydia b. March 8, 1723-4; 
Samuel b. Sept. 12, 1725 ; Johannah b. June 12, 1727 ; David b. Feb. 
27, 1729 ; Ruth b. Feb. 20, 1731-2. 

Joseph Bowles and wife Mary ; children, William b. Nov. 12, 1715 ; 
Abigail b. July 4, 1718 ; Hosea b. April 23, 1720 ; Lemuel b. April 13, 
1729. 

Edward Bumpas and wife Martha ; children, Daniel b. May 1, 1719 ; 
Rachel b. April 20, 1720 ; Salathiel b. May 31, 1722 ; Jomima b. March 

17, 1723-4 ; Edward b. March 2, 1726 ; James b. Dec. 20, 1727 ; Elener 
b. May 8, 1729 ; Lois b. October 6, 1731 ; Jedaiah b. Nov. 25, 1732. 

Jonathan Bumpas m. Mary Haskins July 24, 1718; Jerusha b. May 
1, 1719 ; Jonathan b. March 21, 1721 ; Noah b. March 27, 1724 ; Zeraiah 
b. Aprils, 1727. 

John Bumpas, Sen. ; children, Sarah b. Sept. 16, 1685 ; Edward 

b. September 16, 1688 ; Jeremiah b. August 24, 1692. 

Experience Bumpas ; child, Sarah b. March 25, 1703. 

John Bumpas, Jr., and wife Hannah; children, Jonathan b. Sept. 15, 
8* 



86 First Settlers of Rochester, 3fas8. [Jan. 

1695 ; John b. July 17, 1G98 ; Sarah b. May 12, 1701 ; Mary b. May 7, 
170 1 ; Hannah b. May 2, 1707 ; Samuel b. August 28, 1700. 

IcriOB UD Bump AS and wife Sarah; children, Rachel b. June 9, 1719. 

Joseph Burg, Jr. and wife Thankful; children, Thankful b. March 
16, 1729-30 ; Joseph b. March 8, 1734-5; Mary b. March 3, 1731-2. 

Thomas Child m. Bethiah Wescott, August 29, 1727. 

James Claghorne and wife Experience ; children, Lemuel b. June 
10, 1713 ; Mary b. April 12, 1715. 

Joshua Cowing and wife Sarah ; cliildren, Zenas b. Dec. 29,1729. 

Samuel Crokek, of Barnstable, m. Judith Leavett, April 12, 1719. 

George Dansforth m. Mary Cotton; children, John b. March 2, 
1717-18 ; Elizabeth b. Sept. 8, 1719. 

Nicholas Davis and wife Mary ; children, Nathan b. Jan. 28, 1715 
-16; Elizabeth b. Jan. 20, 1718--19. 

Robert Davis and wife Mary ; children, Joseph b. April 8, 1727 ; 
Benjamin b. Feb. 22, 1728--9 ; Benajah b. June 27, 1734. 

Nicholas Davis and wife Ruth ; children, Timotliy b. April 9, 
1730; Nicholas b. May 10, 1732; Abraham b. Feb. 1, 1730; Maiy b. 
July 30, 1742 ; James b. May 11, 1744. 

Joseph Doty; children, Joseph b. March 31, 1683 ; Deborah b. 
March 31, 1685 ; John b. March 1, 1688 ; Marcy b. Jan. 12, 1691 ; Fish 
b. Jan. 18, 1696 ; Mary b. July 28, 1699. 

Theophilas Doty and wife Ruth ; children, Ebenezer b. October 7, 
1697 ; Ruth b. March 1, 1698--9 ; Deborah b. July 29, 1702; Lydia b. 
August 19, 1704 ; Elizabeth b. Sept. 3, 1706 ; Caleb b. March 13, 1709 ; 
Phebeb. June 11, 1711. 

Edward Doty and wife ISIary ; children, Thomas b. October 25, 
1727 ; Edward b. August 25, 1729. 

Joel Ellis or Eles and wife Mary; children, William b. Dec. 
4, 1717 ; Elizabeth b. Dec. 14, 1719 ; Dorithy b. Sept. 2, 1722 ; Joel b. 
Nov. 14, 1724 ; Mary b. March 7, 1726--7 ; Peace b. Feb. 15, 1729-30. 

CiiiLLiNGSWORTH FosTER, of Harwich, m. IMarcy Winslow, October 
10, 1730 ; John Geas m. Penelope White, Feb. 28, 1726-7. 

Stephen Griffith and wife Hannah ; chiklren, Stephen b. IMarch 20, 
1720- 1; Nathaniel b. Feb. 28, 1722-3 ; Elnathan b. Feb. 9, 1724-5. 

Joseph Griffith and wife Anne; children, Deborah b. Oct. 26, 1715 ; 

Ebenezer Hamblen; children Hopestill b. April 23, 1726. 

Samuel Hammond and wife Mary; children, Benjamin b. Dec. 18, 
1682; Seth b. Feb. 13, 1683; Rosiman b. May8,'l684; Samuel b. 
March 8, 1685 ; Thomas b. Sept. 16, 1687; Jedidah b. Sept. 19, 1690; 
Josiah b. Sept. 15, 1692; Barnibas b. Jan. 30, 1694-5 ; Meriali b. Jan. 
27, 1697-8; John b. October 4, 1701 ; Jedediah b. Sept 30, 1703. 

John Haskins and wife Ruth; children, Mary b. Oct. 31, 1692; 
Samuel b. June 6, 1701. 

Arthur Hathaway and wife Maria; children, Salathael b. May 1, 
1719 ; Loruhomerb. Dec. 6, 1721. 

Abraham Hicks and wife; children, Martha b. April 14, 1727 ; 
Henry b. March 15, 1728-9. 

Jabeze Hiller and wife Elizabeth ; children, Mary b. Nov. 25, 1704; 
Seth b. Dec. 20, 1705 ; Elizabeth b. Sept. 6, 1711. 

Josiah Holmes and wife Hannah ; children, Hazeadiah b. Dec. 3, 
1721. 

Ebenezer Holmes and wife Hannah; children, John b. August 
19, 1717 ; Barnabas b. May 5, 1719 ; Ebenezer b. Sept. 3, 1720 ; Seth 
b. Dec. 22, 1721 ; Rebeckali b. March 8, 1722; Lydia b. Feb. 22, 1724; 
Hannah b. Dec. 17, 1727. 



1851.] First Settlers of Ilochester^ Mass. 87 

Jonathan Hunter m. Ilopcstill Hamblen, Nov. 27, 1720. 
lioBEKT Jones and wife Mary; children, IVIarcy b. April 15, 172o. 

Experience Johnson and wiie Marcy Hamblen, m. April 18, 1728 ; 
William b. August 26, 1720 ; Thomas b. Nov. 13, 1733. 

Thomas Landers and wife Deborah ; children, Deborah b. Dec. 4, 
1702; Jane b. March 18, 1704. 

Joseph Leavett and wife Juder; children, Joanna b. Nov. 28, 1711 ; 
Jacob b. Jan. 24, 1713-14 ; Joseph b. Jan. 27, 1715-16. 

Jkremiah Leavett and wife Sale ; children, Jeremiah b. May 5, 
1717. 

Constant Merrick and wife Sarah ; children, AVilliam b. April 22, 
1728; Nathaniel b. May 22, 1730; Sarah b. Sept. 30, 1732; Constant 
b. Feb. 21, 1734. 

Allen Marshall and wife Hannah; children, Rebecca Feb. 1-5, 
1725-G; John b. July 2, 1728 ; Jean b. Dec. 5, 1730; Sarah b. April 
23, 1733 ; Allen b. Nov. 26, 1736. 

John Prince and wife Elizabeth ; children, Elizabeth b July 5, 171G ; 
Ehzabeth b. October 13, 1717 ; wife Elizabeth d. October 22, 1717. 

John Randel and wife; children, John b. May 6, 1077 ; Patience b. 
Jan. 13, 1670 ; Thomas b. Jan. 25, 1681 ; Mercy b. Jan. 20, 1683 ; Wil- 
liam b. Feb. 6, 1685 ; Job b. March 3, 1688 ; Judee b. Aprd 20, 1600 ; 
Lazearras b. Dec. 25, 1601. 

William Rkymond and wife Deborah ; children, William b. Feb. 7, 
1711-12 ; Benjamin b. Dec. 11, 1714; Daniel b. March 28, 1717. 

William Raymond and wife Tabitha ; children, Paul b. Sept. 1 1, 1718 ; 
Mary b. March 12, 1720-1; Edward b. June 13, 1724; Deborah b. 
March 28, 1727 ; Lemuel b. Nov. 11, 1720 ; Elnathan b. Nov. 5, 173L 

James Robinson and wife Patience; childrtn, Samuel b. Nov, 1, 
1715 ; Thomas b. April 20, 1718 ; Dorothy b. March 10, 1722-3. 

John Ross and wife Sarah ; children, Sarah b. Jan. 3, 1731—2 ; 

Samuel Savkry and wife; children, Judee b. Jan. 10, 1670-80; 
Susannah b. May 10, 1600 ; Samuel b. Nov. 16, 1605. 

John Sherman and wife Sara; children, Sara b. August 15, 1714; 
Jeane b. October 2, 1716 ; Ales b. July 20, 1710 ; John, b. July 27, 1721 ; 
Bethvah b. Jan. 26, 1724; ^Yilliam b. Jan. 11, 1726; Kezia b. October 
28, 1728 ; Samuel b. Jan. 2, 1730-31. 

Timothy Stevens and wife Mary; children, Mary b. Jan. 26, 1718 ; 
Petheah b. Dec. 1, 1710; Sara b. Feb. 25, 1721-2 ; Isaac b. March 4, 
1723-4; Elizabeth b. Nov. 13, 1726. 

Joseph Stewart and wife Patience; children, Samuel b. Aug. 10, 
1720 ; John b. Oct. 10, 1732 ; Seth b. Feb. n, 1736. 

Daniel Stewart and wife Patience; children, Marcy b. Jan. 11, 1727 ; 
]\Lary b Dec. 18, 1728 ; Susannah b. Jan. 21, 1730-1 ; Hannah b. Feb. 
15, 1733. 

Ja.^iks Stewart and wife Hannah; children, Elener b. Jan. 21, 1730, 
-1 ; Sara b. October 24, 1732 ; Elizabeth b. Jan. 1, 1735 ; James b. 
Feb. 1, 1737; Hanner b. Jan. 11, 1740; Mary b. March 15, 1742 ; 
Thankful b. June 17, 1745 ; Anne b. April 18, 1740. 

Joshua Snow and wife Bashaba; children, James b. Sept. 30, 1727; 
Joshua b. Sept. 27, 1720 ; Mercy b. Nov. 26, 1731. 

John Sumers and wife Rose; children, Elizabeth b. April 15, 1721. 

Thomas Thomas and wife Martha ; children, Lidiah b. April 26, 1705 ; 
Ruth b. August 12, 1706 ; Hannah b. July 28, 1708. 

Thomas Turner and wife Hannah; children, Sara b. August G, 1711 ; 
Elizabeth b. Jan. 12, 1714; Thomas b. July 6, 1715; Prince b. Dec. 11, 



88 First Settlers of Rochester^ Mass. [Jan. 

171C; Asa b. August 17, 1720, d. Nov. 5, 1720 ; Content b. May 21, 
1722 ; Lelles b. April 13, 1725. 

William AVaitt and wife Elizabeth; children, Elizabeth b. Feb. 4, 
169G; Ruth b. Sept. 29, 1G99; William b. July 29, 1701 ; Samuel b. 
April IT), 1704; Abigail b. Sept. 2G, 1707. 

Jorix Wats and wife Elizabeth; children, Elizabeth b. May 1, 1718, 

Jkddbal White and wife ; children, Nathaniel b. Jan. G. 1722. 

Samuki. Whitk m. Elizabeth Ashley, March 14, 17i;3. 
^ Samuel White, Sen. wife b. Marc^h IS . 1G4G; children, John b. Aug. 
24, 1G69 ; Samuel b. July 22, 1671 ; P^lizabeth b. March 4, 1G73 ; Mala- 
tiah b. Feb. 14, 1G76; Judeeb. April 30, 1G78 ; Ililikiah b. April 5, 
1G82 ; Penelope b. March 12, 1G87 ; William b. June G, 1G90. -^ - 

John White, Jr. and wife Marcy ; children, William b. April 16, 1721 ; 
Thomas b. Sept. 10, 1722; Ebenezer b. Sept. 2G, 1724; Malatiah b. 
March 30, 1727 ; Joseph b. Jan. 23, 1731--2 ; Mary b. August 12, 1733. 

John Wing ancTTvife ; children, Stephen b. Sept. 5, lG8i; Joseph b. 
Dec. 23, 1686; Deborah b. October 15, 1688; John b. March 1, 1689; 
Hannah b. Jan. 10, 1691 ; Daniel b. Feb. 8, 1693 ; Deborah b. P'eb. 23, 
1695 ; Desire b. Feb. 3, 1699 ; Samuel b. Nov. 12, 1704. 

Edward Winslow he was b. Jan. 30, 1681 ; children, Edward b. 

Nov. 6, 1703 ; Mehitable b. May 6, 1705 ; Sarah b. 17 

Leidia b. Sept. 8, 1709 ; Mercy b. Sept. 1, 1712 ; Thankful b. April 2, 
1715. 

Samuel Winslow and wife Mary; children, Mearcy b. Aug. 16, 
1705 ; Elizabeth b. Jan. 29, 1706--7 ; Anne b. Feb. 13, 1708--9 ; Thomas 
b. June 7, 1711 ; Kenelm b. Feb. 20, 1712; Judeath b. July 8, 1716. 

Peter Wooder and wife Elizabeth ; child, Hosea b. Dec. 26, 1718. 



COPY OF A LETTER FROM AVM. PEPPERRELL, ESQ., 

Commander of the Provincial Expedition against Louishurgh, to Gov- 
ernor Benning Wentworth, of New Hampshire. 

[Communicated for the Register by Hon. C. E. Potter, of Manchester, N. H.] 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth, Esq., & p' Capt. Fletcher's 

prize via Boston. 

April 10th 1715 & Copy by y^ Brig'. 
May it please your Excellency : 

Your several favors of 15th, 19th, 20th, & 21st inst. I received and 
observe the Contents. Your recommendation of the Gentlemen mentioned 
therein, will be suthcient to entitle them to any favors in my power. We 
are waiting here for favorable Winds &: Weather to proceed to Cape 
Briton. The Troops that are here are in general in good Health. Some of 
our Vessels that have the wailike stores on board, are not yet arrived 
here. I have heard that they are in Country harbor, I have sent Vessels 
to convey them here. The wind has been Easterly for sometime & con- 
tinues so, & if by reason of the Wind we should be detained here, provi- 
sions & necessaries of Life may be v/anted both in the Fleet & Army, 
which hope the several Governments will have thoughts of, which if in 
season we are supplied with & can have some Men of War to sti'engthcTi 
our Naval Force, I hope, by the Blessing of God, that people who desire 
to Distress and Destroy our Country will be subdued. I sincerely wish 
y' Excellency Health and prosperity and am with Due Respect y"" Excel- 
lencys Most obed' & afFec* II Serv*. WM. PEPPERRELL. 

On board the Shirley Galley Canso April 10, 1745. 
His Excellency B. Wentworth, Esq. 



1851.] Dorchester Inscriptions. 89 



INSCRIPTIONS FROM THE OLD BURIAL GROUND IN 

DORCHESTER, JNIS. 

1700 — 1750. 

[Communicated by Mr. W. B. Trask, of Dorchester.] 
[Continued from Vol. IV., page 280.] 

Anna y^ Marv y* 

daijjrht<'r Daiijrliter 

of Rnlpli Of Aron & 

and Anna Mary Bird 

MorL^an A,i2:('d 1 1 

a;icd 2 Months 

years (hed Died Decembe'' 

S('pt«'!nh(^r y^ 16 1715 

y^ 24 1714 

Here Lyes y^ P>0(]y of 



Mary f M'' Johaniiali Trescott 

DtuiLditer Wife of JM"" J<)<e[)h 

Of Pres.r\ed Trescott A^^i^] 23 

an Su-anna Years Die<l jNIarch \^ lO*** 

Capen Aii^ed ^"^^^ 

1 4 \ve«ks 



Died Ortob Here Lyes y^ 
y*^ IT) 1714 Body of (?<'orjie 
Y^ .-on of James 



Elizabeth the & Miriam Hird 

lVi(e of ^()p^•^lill A?ed 20 Years 

Hnmfrey Born &; (5 Montlis 

June f 'h'^ IGGO Died July y" 

DyedOaober 23'* 1710 

the 2') 1714 



ILmnal 



I v 



IlfHi Lyes y® Daujihter of 

Bo<lv of Sarah Jo-hna & 

Wife of Mary Pnmry 

Desire Clap A;jed 15 

AL^ed 03 years Ueaks Died 

Died Jaiinary Septeml er 

4*^ 1715 11 171G 

[Mr. Desire Chip, son of " Capt. 

Roller," was born Oct. 17, 1652. lie Here Lyes y*^ Body of 

married IMiss Sarah Pond ; they liad M"" J<»lm Miiiott 

one son and three dani^hters. His Wlio Died iM;n*(h 

second wife was Mrs. Debondi vSmith, Tlie 2P* 1717 in y® 

of Bo-fon. lie died Dec, 1717, in 47 year of his age. 

ihe 66*^ year of his age.] 

Marcy y*' Damilifer of 

Here Lyes y^ Body Samuel and Hannah 

Of Joseph Lef'des ToplifF Ag.^d 8 

AL^ed about 77 Weeks »fc 1'* Died 

Died January Ai)iil 'd'^ 1717. 

28 171i 



90 



Dorchester Inscriptions, 



[Jan. 



lames Cox y*^ 
Soil «>t' John 

& ral>itli:i Cox 

Aujed 4 Years 
&, 4 inoiitlis 

Died fianuary 
24 174 



Here l>yes Entr'd 
^^ Bt)dy of 

Ebenezer W.lliames 
A.ired G'.) Years 
Died February 



8 



1711 



here Lyes buried the 
body oF deacon 
John bhike ajjed 
sixty o:je years 
died the second 
day oF march 
1711 



lleie Lves y® 
Bo4y ot' Be-nj" 

Leeds A'jed 
80 Years Who 

D 'Ceased y^ 

13*^ of INIarch 

171J 



Here I^yes \^ Body of 

Mary WiUiams 

Wife to Nicholas 

Williams A'j^ed 

ol Years Died 

INIarch v« 17 1718 



Here Lves v^ Body 

of Mary^Vife ' 

To doshua 

Pumry the Danjjjhter 

Of Di-con Joim 

BUike Died y« 

10 of March 

1718 A«red 

abovght 31 Years. 



Here Lves Ent'rd 

Y" Bodv of Mary 

Y"«= Widdovv of 

latnes Uobin-on 

Di.'d March 1718 

A;'ed 73 Years. 



Here Lyes Buried 

Y^ Body of Thomas 

Tileston Deceased 

September y^ 

11 Day 1718 

Aued about 

85 Y^'ears. 



Here Lves y* 

Body of Hopes*"^ 

Y^* son of J:)nath'''' 

:?S^ Elizabeth 

Hall Died y« 

13 of Nouember 

1718 in y^ 

Vd'"" Year of 

His A^e. 



k- 



Mathew Brown 
Dafter To John. 
& Mary Brown 
Died December 

Y^4 1718 
Ased 8 Mon**^' 
^& 4 D^ 
[This is an exact copy — it is not, 
however, the^rs^ "daughter Math- 
ew" on record. See Note page 78, 
Vol. Ill of the Reg Will of Thomas 



Here Lves y' 

Body of K'uth 

Hall y^ Wife 

Of San.uel Hall 

Died December 
v^ 13''* 1718 

In v' 37^'^ Year 
Of Her Age. 



Here Lyes y* 
Body of Elizab^*^ 

Corbe y^ Wife 

Of Lewis Corbe 

Aged 45 Y^'ears 

Died December 

y« 21 1718 



Here Lyes Bvrie^ 

Y^'= liody of 

Jonathan Hall 

Died December 

Y^« 20 1718 

In y^ GO"^ Year 

Of His Aire 



Ix- 



1851.] 



Dorchester Inscriptions, 



91 



Here Lyes 

Burit'd \*^ Body 

Of Ciiarh^s 

Dimenjtort 

A<]jed 08 Y<'ar9 

Deceased y® 

1 of February 

1719 or 20. 



was written by his pa-stor, Rev. Joha 
Danforlh.] 



Here Lies Buri'^'^ 

Y^ Body of 

ThankfufBird 

Y** Widow of 

Thomas Bird 

A;ied about 

77 Years 

Died April 

Y*^ 11 1719. 



Here Lyes y® 

Body of Ebenezer 

Blackriian y** son 

Of John &; Line 

Blacknian Aged 19 

Years Died May 

27"^ 1719 



Here Lies interred y^ii 
Boby of Elder Ilopestill 
Clap who D/!(eased 
Septend.er 2^^ 1719 
Aged 72 Years 
His Dust Waits Till The lubile 
Shall Then Shine Brighter then y® 

Skie 
Shall meet & joine (to l^art no more) 
His Soul That's Gloiily'd Before 
Pastors & Chnrehes Happy Be 
With Ruling Elders Such As He 
Present Usefull Absent Wanted 
Liu'd Desired Died Lamented. 

[He was a son of Ca[)t. Roger 
Clap, born Nov G, 1G47 — a \itry 
gracious man, endowed with a great 
measure of meekness and patience, 
he studied and practiced those tilings 
that make for [)e:ice, — was much 
honored and lespected by those that 
had a value Ibr \ital piety. He mar- 
ried Miss Susaima Swift. They had 
2 sons, 4 uaughteis.] "He was often 
Selectman, — a rei)iesentative of the 
town in the geneial couit 15 years, 
— Deacon of the Church 17 Ruling 
Eider 10 years." The above epitaph 



Here Lyes 

Y« Body of 

lames Trott 

Deceased y® 

27 of S.-|> 

1719 Aued 

48 Y<ars. 



Here L\eth 

Y« B(.d\ of 

Eben»zer 

Blackmail 

1719. 



Elizabeth 
Bass Daughter 

To loseph 

& Elizab, th b"^'' 

Died January 

•,«20 Day 

1719 — 20 

Jn f 10 

AVeek of 

Hei" Aue. 



Jonathan ToplifF 

Son to Ebem-z^r 

& Mary ToplifF 

Age 4 Yenrs 

May y« 28 

(of Bright Activity) 
Here Doih Lve. 



Here Lyes y*^ Body 

Of Thomas Tileston 

Y® Son of Thomas 

& ]Ma>7 Tileston 

Died May y*^ 29*^ 

1720 in'y^ 

His A'je. 



Here L} es y® 

Body of Mej-iam 

Leads Widdow 

Of Joseph Leads 

Aged abought 78 

Years Di. d August 

y 23^ 1720 



92 



Dorchester Inscriptions. 



[Jan. 



Here; Lyes y^ Body 

Of PLIiz;il)etli Tolman 

Widow of Thomas 

Tolman A^ied 82 

Years Died Dec"^ 

14"> 1720. 



Here Ln es y*^ 
Body of Caleb 

Tileston Son 
To Thomas & 
iMary Tileston 

Died .January 
Y^2^ 1720 — 1 
In y^ i;3*^ Year 

Of His Age. 



Here Lyes two Cliildren 
Of Joim & Mary Stiles 



Nathaniel 

Stiles Died 

January 9 

1721 

Aged 8 Years. 



Mary Stiles 
Died January 

9''^ 1721 
In 13*^ Year 
Of Her Age 



Here Lyes y^ Body 

Of M'^ Mailiew 

Pimer Who Died 

Jan^ 18'M721 

In y® 0.5 Year 

Of Ids Age. 



Josepli Stiles Son 

To John & Mary 

Stiles Aired 16 

YVars Died 19 

Of January 

1721. 



Here Lyes Buried 

Y^ Body of M"- James 

Baker Aged 69 Years 

De(;eH"<ed y^ 30 

Day of March 

1721. 



Preserurd Capen 

Son to Preserued 

& Susanna Capen 

Died Aprd v*^ 1 

Dav 1721 

In y'^lO"^ Year 

Of His Age. 



til 



Here Lyes Buiied 

Y"" Body of Hannah 

Ware y^ \Vi<ldovv 

Of Robert Ware 

Aged 84 Years 

Departed this Life 

Y« 20"^ D.y of April 

1721. 



Mary Ilumfrey y® 
Dauiihter of Samuel 

Ami Elizabeth 

Humfrey Dieil May 

22 1721 

In y*^ 14 Week 

Of her Aire. 



Here Lyes Buried 

Y' Body of M-- Samuel 

Pay son who Deceased 

Y^ 2P' of Nouember 

1721 

In v^ GO Year 

Of" His Affe. 



Here Lyes y^ Body 
Of M^'Narha-iel 

Butt Ajred 51 

Y'ears Deceased 

Decend/ y^ 10 

1721 



Here hxkiii y* 

Bodv of Edward 

Payson Aired 27 

Years Died y® 

28 of .January 

172i 



Here Lyes y^ Body 

Of Ebenezer Topliff, 

Aged 32 yefU'S W anting 

10 Days W^ho Di^d 

Y^ b'^ of February 

1721 



Here Lyes Samuel 

Brown Son to 

John & Mary Brown 

Died February y® 

20"^ 1721 

In y« 1""^ Year 

Of Mis Ajre. 



[To he continued.'] 



1851.] Genealogical Items Relative to Lynn, Mass. 93 



GENEALOGICAL ITEMS RELATIVE TO LYNN, MASS. 

[Communicated by Joseph B. Felt, of Boston.] 

The following marriages, births, and deaths, are taken from the Essex Court Records, 
now in the custody of the city clerk of Salem. The subsequent abbreviations are used; 
m. for married ; h. born ; d. died ; w. wife ; wid. for widow ; chn. children ; s. son ; dr. 
daughter; — something deficient. Wlien dates are given from the commencement of 
the 11 mo. to 25 of 1 mo., the new style has been adopted as to the years. 

"^ Allen, Mrs., wid., dr. Sarah, d. Jan. 16, 1665. 

Alley, Hugh ; chn. Mary, b. Jan. 6, 1642 ; John, b. Nov. 30, 1646 ; 
Martha, b. July 31, 1649 ; Sarah, b. April 15, 1651 ; Hugh, b. May 15, 
1653 ; Solomon, b. Aug. 2, 1656 ; Hannah, b. June 1, 1661 ; Jacob, b. 
Sept. 5, 1663. He d. Jan. 25, 1674. 

Hugh, m. Rebecca Hood, Dec. 9, 1681; chn.: Solomon, b. Oct. 11, 
1682 ; Jacob, b. Jan. 28, 1684. 

John, m. Joanna Furnill Aug. 15, 1670 ; chn. Sarah, b. April 15, 
1671 ; Mary, b. April 25, 1G73 ; John, b. Jan. 1676 ; Hannah, b. Jan, 
22, 1680. 

Andrews, John, d. May 13, 1G62, his wid. Sarah, d. April 29, 1666. 

Appleton, Samuel, dr. Hannah, b. Nov. 1, 1684. 

Archkr, Stkphkn, w. Sarah ; dr. Sarah, b. June 24, 1698. 

Armitage, Eleazer, m. Hannah Needham, Oct. 18, 1669. 

Joseph, w. Jane, d. March 3, 1G77. He d. June 27, 1680. 

Attwood, Philip, m. Sarah Tenny, of Bradford, July 23, 1684. 

AxY, or Axf:y, James, d. June 7, 1667. Frances, wid. d. Oct. 13, 1670. 

Baker, Samuel, d. Dec. 16, 1666. 

Edward, m. Mary Martiall, April 7, 1685. 

Ballard, John ; chn. William, b. Oct. 1, 1667; Sarah, b. beginning 
of July, 1669 ; Rebecca, b. April 1, 1671 ; Jane, b. Dec. 1, 1674; Pris- 
cilla, b. Dec. 20, 1680 ; William, b. Nov. 8, d. 25, 1683 ; Dorothy, b. Jan. 
30, 1685. 

Nathamel,m. Rebecca Hutson, Dec. 16, 1662 ; chn. Mary b. June 13, 
1666 ; Nathaniel, b. Dec. 4, 1670, d. Sept. 15, 1672 ; Susannah, b. June 
12, 1673 ; EUzabeth, b. Nov. 2, 1675 ; Hester, b. Feb. 14, 1678 ; Sarah, 
b. JMay 13, 1681, Jemimah b. Jan. 20, 1684. 
William', dr. Rebecca, b. October 2, 1668. 

Branckoft, Thomas, chn. Eleazer, b. April 26, 1667 ; Mary, b. May 
16, 1670. 

John, ra. Elizabeth Eaton, Sept. 24, 1678. 

Barber, William, m. Elizabeth Ruck, May 4, 1673; chn. Ehzabeth, 
b. Nov. 1, 1673, d. Feb. 15, 1674 ; William b. June 8, 1675. 

Bard, John. s. John, b. Jan. 29, 1678. 

Bartoll, William, dr. Susanna, b. Jan. 25, 1666. 
Bartrom, William, w. Sarah; chn. Rebecca and Hester, b. April 3, 
1658, Sarah, b. Oct. 17, 1660. 

^Basset, William, chn. John, b. Nov. 1653 ; Mirriam, b. Sept. 1655 ; 
Mary, b. March, 1657; Hannah, b. Feb. 25, 1660; Samuel, b. March 18, 
1664; Rachel, b. March 13. 1GG6. '"^'^"'^''^ 

William. Jr., m. Sarah Hood, Oct. 25, 1675; chn. Sarah, b. Dec. 6, 
1676; William, b. Nov. 1678; Mary, b. June 13, 1680; John, b. Sept. 
..^, 1 682. 

Bates, Roberts, chn. John, d. March 5, 1673 ; Rebecca, b. Aug. 29, 

11673 ; Sarah, b. July 16, 1676. 
Batton, John, s. John, b. Sept. 1, 1671. 

9 



94 Genealogical Items Relative to Lynn^ Mass, [Jan. 

Beale, Samuel, m. Patience Louill, March 28, 1682. 

Wdliam, m. Mary Hart, April 7, 1085. 

Beans, Deborah, b. April 13, 1679. 

Bennett, Lydia, d. Sept. 2, 1661. 

Blano, or Blaney, John, m. Hannah King, July 11, 1660 ; chn. John, 
b. May 5,1661; Daniel, b. Aug. 3, IGG'I; Henry, b. Aug. 15,1666; 
Hannah, b. Nov. 11, 1667; Joseph, b. Oct. 2, 1670; Elizabeth, b. Aug. 
17, 1673. One of his name, m. Elizabeth Purchas, Nov. 1678. 

Blood, Richard, chn. Sarah, b. June, 1648 ; Nathaniel, b. April, 
1650 ; Hannah, b. March, . 

James, w. Elizabeth ; she d. Dec. 1676. 

Bly, or Bligh, Samuel, m. Lois Ivery, Dec. 19, 1678 ; s. Theophilus, 
d. June 12, 1781. 

Booth, George, dr. Elizabeth, b. March 15, 1674. 

Bound, William, m. Mary Haverlad, July 12, 1669. 

Bran, Thaddeus, chn. Mary, b. Feb. 12, 1671; d. Oct. 19, 1675; 
Elizabeth, b. Aug. 16, 1673, d. Oct. 26, 1675 ; Mary, b. Nov. 27, 1675. 
His w. Sarah, d. Dec. 13, 1675. 

Bread, or Breade, Allen, sen., m. Elizabeth Knight, March 28, 1656. 

Allen, jr., chn. Joseph, b. Feb. 12, 1658 ; Allen, b. Aug. 30, 1660, when 
his w. was Mary; John, b. Jan. 18, 1663; Mary, b. Aug. 24,1665; 
Elizabeth, b. Nov. 1667 ; Samuel, b. Sept. 25, 1669. His w. Mary, d. Nov. 
30, 1671. 

Allen, 3d. m. Elizabeth Ballard, May 22, 1684; s. Nathaniel, b. Aug. 
24.1685 

John, sen., d. June 28, 1678. 

Jo/<n, m. Sarah Halhorne, Dec. 28, 1663 ; chn. Sarah, b. Dec. 28, 1667; 
WiUiam, b. May 18, 1671; Ephraim, b. Dec. 16, 1672; Ebenezer, b. 
April 15, 1676. His w. Sarah, d. Nov. 22,1676. He m. Sarah Hart, 
March 4, 1678. 

Joseph, dr. Mary, b. July 4, 1684. 

Timothy, m. Sarah Newall, March 3, 1680 ; s. Joseph, b. Oct 18, 1681. 

Brewer, Christopher, dr. Abigail, b. Dec. 4, 1664. 

Orispus, dr. Rebecca, b. Oct. 28, 1667. 

Thomas, dr. Mary, b. Nov. 10, 1684. 

Brier, Richard, d. Oct. 8, 1665. 

Brinsdon, Robert, m. Bathsheba Richards, April 15, 1667. 
, Brisco, Benjamin, ^\. Sarah ; dr. Sarah, b. July 18, 16G0. 
"-^ Brown, Thomas, w. Mary; chn. Mary, b. Feb. 10, 1655, d. May 18, 
1C62;, Sarah b. Sept. 20,1657 d. Sept. 1, 1658; Joseph, b. Jan. 16, 
1659; Sarah, b. Oct. 13,1660, d. April 11, 1662; Mary, b. Aug. 28, 
1666; Jonathan, d. Sept. 12,1666; Jonathan, b. Jan. 24, 1669; Elea- 
zar, b. Aug. 4, 1670 ; Ebenezer, April 16, 1672 ; Daniel, b. Nov, 29, 1 673 ; 
Ann and Grace, b. Jan. 4, d. 7, 1675 ; Daniel, b. Feb. 1, 1677. 

Thomas, ]y., m. Hannah Collins, Jan. 8, 1678 ; chn. Samuel, b. Dec. 8, 
1678; Hannah, b. Dec. 5, 1680. 

Joseph, m. Sarah Joanes, Dec. 22, 1680 ; s. Joseph, b. April 12, 1682. 

Mary, m. Thomas Norwood, Aug. 24, 1685. 

Bugell, Esther, dr. Hannah, b. March 10, 1666. 

BuRGES, or BuRGis, Robert, w. Sarah, d. Nov. 21, 1669. Hem. Sarah 
Hull, April 13, 1671. 

BuRNiTT, Thomas, m. Mary Peerson, Dec. 3, 1663. 
BuRRiLL, Francis, w. Elizabeth ; chn. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 1, 1655; 
James, b. Dec. 21, 1657; Joseph, b. Dec. 18, 1659; Mary, b. May 16, 
; Lydia, b. June 13, 1663; Hannah, b. March 19, 1665; Mary, b. 



1851.] G-enealogical Items Relative to Lynn^ Mass, 95 

Feb. 7, d. 17, 1667 ; Deborah, b. July 23, d. Aug. 1669 ; Moses, b. April 
12, 1671 ; Hester, b. Jan. 15, 1674 ; Sarah, b. April 11, d. Dec. 12, 1676 ; 
Samuel, b. and d. April 22, 1676. 

George, his w. Mary, d. Aug. 1653. 

Jifhn, m. Lois Ivory, May 10, 1656 ; chn. John, b. Nov. 18, 1658 ; Sa- 
rah, b. May 16, 1661 ; Thomas, [?] b, Jan. 7, 1664 ; Anna, b. Sept. 15, 1666 ; 
Theophilus, b. July 15, 1669 ; Lois, b. Jan. 27, 1672 ; Samuel, b. April 20, 
d. May 6, 1674; Mary, b. Feb. 18, 1677 ; Ebenezer, b. July 13, 1679. 

Joha, Jr., m. Mary Stower, July 28, 1680 ; dr. Ruth, b. May 17, 1682. 

Burt, HuCxH, Jr., dr. Mary, b. July 21, 1647. 

BuKT, widow, d. March 7, 1673. 

Callum, Mackum, w. Martha; chn. Ann, b. Aug. 25, 1559 ; John.b. 
Dec. 17, 1661 ; Martha, b. June 18, 1670. 

CiiADWELL, Benjamin, chn. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 26, 1667 ; Benjamin, 
b. March 5, 1669 ; Joseph, b. April 14, 1671 ; Jeremiah, b. Sept. 9, 1673 ; 
Samuel, b. Feb. 26, 1676 ; Mary, b. March 27, 1679. 

Moses, s. of Thomas, b. April 10, 1637 ; m. Sarah Ivory, Feb. 1661 ; 
chn. Thomas, b. Dec. 11, 1662 ; Sarah, b. March 12, ]668; Lois, b. Oct. 
3, 1670 ; Moses, b. Sept. 11, 1673, d. Sept. 29, 1676 ; Margaret, b. Sept. 
30, 1676; Anna, b. June 17, 1679 ; Elizabeth, b. Dec. 18, 1681. 

Thomas, his w. Margaret, d. Sept. 29, 1658. 

Chilson, or Chilstone, John, m. Sarah Jenks, July 28, 1667 ; chn. Jo- 
seph, b. latter end of Aug. 1670 ; Sarah, b. Aug. 4, 1673. 

Clark, William, chn. Lydia, b. Oct. 31, 1641 ; Hannah, b. Jan. 11, 
1644; EHzabeth, b. Oct. 6, 1652; Martha, b. April 15, 1655, d. Feb. 20, 
1662 ; John, b. Jan. 2, 1659. 

William, m. Eleanor Dearnford, Aug. 23, 1669. 

John, m. Susanna Story, July 13, 1681 ; chn. William, b. April 24, 
1682; Mary, b. Feb. 8, 1685. 

CoATES, Robert, chn. Abigail, b. April 10, 1663. 

Robert, ]y., s. Robert, b^ Def% 17j 1683,,. 

Joh% m.^MaryWitherdin, April l4,"i 681 ; dr. Mary, b. Jan. 14, 1682. 
His w. Mary, d. June 18, 1682. 

GoBBETT, Samuel, dr. Margaret, b. Aug. 17, 1G76, d. July 8, 1677. 

CoLDUM, Thomas, d. April 8, 1675. 

Thomas, jr., d. March 18, 1673. 

CoLLENS, Henry, jr., chn. Henry, b. Oct. 2, 1651 ; Hannah, b. Feb. 

1, 1660 ; John, b. Aug. 19, 1662 ; Sarah, b. Jan. 9, 1666; Rebecca, b. 
June 9, 1668; Eleazer, b. Oct. 9, 1673. 

Henry, 3,, m. Hannah Lampson, Jan. 3, 1682 ; m. Sarah Heirs, June 
24, 1685. 

John, chn. Mary, b. Nov. 26, 1656, d. Feb. 27, 1657 ; John, b. Dec. 17, 
d. 27, 1657 ; Samuel, b. May 19, 1659 ; Abigail, b. March 23, 1661, when 
his AV. was Abigail ; John, b. Sept. 10, 1662 ; Joseph, b. June 6, 1664 ; 
Elizabeth, b. April 8, 1666; Benjamin, b. Sept. 19, 1667; Mary, b. Feb. 
20, 1670 ; Daniel, b. March 3, 1071 ; Nathaniel, b. April 1, 1672 ; Hannah, 
b. April 26. 1674; Sarah, b. Dec. 28, 1675, d. June 6, 1676; Lois, b. 
May 12, 1677 ; Alice, b. April 30, 1678; William, b. June 28, 1679. 

Joseph, chn. Sarah, b. Aug. 18, d. Sept. 19, 1669 ; Joseph, b. Sept. 16, 
1671; Henry, b. Nov. 23, 1672; Ann, b. Feb. 13, 1674 ; Dorothy, b. 
March 6, 1676; Sarah, b. Aug. 10, 1678 ; Hester b. Jan. 2, 1680. 

Benjamin, m. Priscilla Kirtland, Sept. 25, 1673 ; dr. Susannah, b. July 
9, 1674; William, b. Oct. 14, d. 26, 1676; his w. Priscilla, d. Oct. 28, 
1676 He m. wid. Elizabeth Putnam, Sept. 5, 1677 ; chn. Priscilla, b. May 

2, 1679 ; Elizabeth, b. Jan. 3, 1682 ; Benjamin, b. Dec, 5, 1684. 



96 Genealogical Items Relative to Lynn^ Mass. [Jan. 

Samuel, chn. Hannah, b. Oct. 22, 1G82; Sarah, b. Oct. 27, d. Dec. 2, 
1684. 

Adomrum, dr. Hannah, b. Feb. 20, 1704. 

Dahlinci, George, s. Joseph, b. March, 1G67. 

r>Avis, JoHN,m. Sarah Kirtland, Oct. 5, 1664 ; chn. Sarah, b. Nov. 10, 
1665, d. Jan. 15, 1666; Sarah, b. Feb. 5, d. Aug. 24, 1667 ; Mary, b. 
July'25, 1668; Joseph, b. June 10, 1G72, d. July, 1673; John, b. June, 
16, 1674 ; Sarah, b. Feb. 1, 1676 ; Ebenezer, b. Oct. 2, 1678 ; Benjamin, 
b. Sept. 27,1681. 

Samuel, m. Mary Meddowes, Jan. 11, 1666. 

Deacon, John, his w. Alice, d. July 27, 1657 ; he m. Elizabeth Pick- 
ering, Dec. 25, 1657. 

DisPAW, Henry, sen., d. Oct. 1676. 

Henry, had a child b. in June, d. in July, 1 680. 

Diven, John, chn. John, b. May 16, 1678 ; Ezekiel, b. Dec. 25, 1681 ; 
d. Jan. 10, 1682 ; he d. Oct. 4, 1684. 

Downing, Mackum, a Scot., m. Margaret Suleauan, June, 1653 ; chn. 
Mary, b. Feb. 1655 ; Hannah, b. April 3, 1657 ; Sarah, b. March 1, 
1659 ; Margaret, b. Jan. 15, 1661 ; Priscilla, b. March 15, 1662 ; Cathe- 
rine, b. Aug. 15, 1665; John, b. Nov. 20, 1667; Joanna, b. Feb. 26, 
1671. 

Marallam, d. Oct. 1683. 

Driver, John, his w. Elizabeth, d. May 26, 1674; s. John, b. May 
23, d. 31, 1674; s. Eleazer, b. and d. Aug. 1680. 

Richard, m. Sarah Salmon, Jan. 6, 1664. 

Robert, sen. d. April 3, 1680. 

Robert, chn. Sarah, d. Feb. 5, 1667 ; Ruth, b. Oct. 4, 1667 ; s. Salmon, 
b. Aug. 1, 1670 ; John, b. Dec. 2, 1673. 

Drumer, Samuel, d. Nov. 30, 1676. 

DuGGALL, Alister, w. Hannah, chn. James, b. Nov. 19, 1660; John, 
b. Oct. 9, 1663; Joseph, b. July 22, 1668 ; Mary, b. April 9,1671 ; Ehz- 
abeth, b. Oct. 25, 1676; Allen, b. Sept. 13, 1679 ; d. Aug. 31, 1681; 
Samuel, b. Oct. 4, 1682. 

Dier, or Dyer, William, chn. Mary, b. Sept. 4, 1673 ; James, b. Oct. 
23, 1681. 

Edmonds, William, his w. Mary, d. April 2, 1657. 

John, m. Sarah Hudson, Dec. 16, 1662; chn. AVni. b. June 16,1664 
John, b. Feb. 1, 1666; Jonathan, b. Sept. 30, 16{i8; Mary,b. Oct. 14, 
1671 ; Elizabeth, b. May 1, 1677 ; Nathaniel, b. April 2, 1680. 

Joseph, his w. Susan, d. Dec. 16, 1670 ; s. William, d. Dec. 13, 1670 ; 
chn. Jose})h, b. Aug. 15, 1673 ; Sarah, b. Nov. 7, 1675; William, b. Sept. 
13, 1677. 

*S'«?7?w^Z, m. Elizabeth Mirriam, Aug. 11,1675; chn. Samuel, b. Aug. 
5, 1676 ; Elizabeth, b. July 23, 1679; Mary, b. Aug. 3, 1681. 

Farnsworth, Mathias, chn. Joseph, b. Nov. 17, 1657; Mary, b. 
Oct. 11, 1660, when his w. was Mary. 

Joseph, d. Oct. 31, 1674. 

Fark, George, d. Oct. 24, 1662. 

John, d. Oct. 29, 1672. 

Benjamin, m. Elizabeth Burrill, July 28, 1680; chn. Elizabeth, b. July 
3, 1682; Mary, b. July 28, 1684. 

Joseph, m. Hannah Waldon, Sept. 22, 1 680 ; chn. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 

15, 1681 ; Mary, b. Feb. 28, 1685. 

Lazarus, d. Dec. 9, 1669, 

( To be continued. ) 



1851.] 



Early Records of Boston. 



97 



EARLY RECORDS OF BOSTON. 

[Copied for the Antiquarian Journal, by Mr. David Pulsifer, member of the 

N. E. II. Genealogical Society.] 

(Dedham. — Continued from page 360.) 

Ester the dauirhter of fFrancis &, Anne Chickering was Ghicheringe. 
borne, 4«. (G''.) 1643. 

James the sonne of Richard Everard & Mary his wife Everard. 

was borne 14°. (1^) 1643. & dyed the 2l\ (2^) 

John the sonne of John & Sarah ffairebank was borne ffairehanke. 
1\ (12«.) 

Nathaniel Halsted dyed 3^ (12^) 1643. Halsted. 

Mary tlie daughter of Robert Ilindsdell was borne 14*^. Hindsdell. 
(12°.) 1643. 

Nathaniell the sonne of John & Ester Hunting was borne Hunting. 

15°. (10°.) 1643. & Dyed 1°. (IP.) 

John the sonne of Joseph and Millecent Kingsbury was Kingsbury. 
borne 15°. ° 

Jonathan the sonne of Daniel & Lidia Morse was borne Morse. 

8°. (1°.) 1643. 

Sarah the daughter of Joseph & Hanna Morse was Morse. 

borne 16°. (7°.) 1643. 

Ezra the sonne of John & Annis Morse was borne 5°. Morse. 

(12°.) 1643. 

Hannali the Daughter of Henry and Anne Phillips was Phillips. 

]ferei5°. (3°.) 1643. 

■^' Dorothie the daughter of Michaell & Abigaill Powell was Powell. 

borne 11°. (5°.) 1643. 

Dorcas the daughter of Edward and Susan Richards was Richards. 
borne 24°, (7°.) 1643. 

Joseph the sonne of Henry & Elisabeth Smith was Smith. 

borne 20°. (6°.) 

Mary the daughter of John and Margaret Thurston was Thurston, 

borne 8°. (1°.) 

A Register of the Birthes & Deaths in Dorchester from the 
Yeare. vntill the first month 1644. 

Mary the daughf of Richard Baker & fFaith his wife Baker. 

was borne the 27°. (2°.) 1643. 

Mary the daughf of Roger Billing and Mary his wife Billing. 

was borne the 10°. (5°.) 1643, & dyed 4°. (10°.) 1643. 

Thomas the sonne of Thomas Bird & Anne his wife Bird. 

borne the 4°. (3°-) 1640. 

John the sonne of Thomas Bird & Anne his wife was 
borne the 11°. (1°.) 1641. 

Salathiel the sonne of John Bradley & Katherine his wife Bradley. 

was borne 16°. (1°.) 1641, & dyed 1°. (3°.) 1642. 

Joanna the Daughf^ of John Copan & Radigon his wife Capan. 

was borne the 3°. (8°.) 1638 & dyed 19°. (9°.) 1638. 

John the sonne of John Capan & Radigon his wife was 
borne the 21°. (8°.) 1639. 

Bernard Capon dyed 8°. (9°.) 1638. Oapon. 

Sarah the daughf of Nicholas Clap & Sarah his wife was Clap. 

borne the 31°. (10°.) 1637. 
9* 



98 



Early Records of Boston, 



[Jan. 



Nathaniell the sonne of Nicholas Clapp & Sarah his wife 
was borne V)^ {V.) 1G40. 

Prudence tlie dauofliter of Edward Clap& Prudence his 
wife was borne 28^ (10°.) 1637. 

Ezrah the sonne of Edward Clap & Prudence his wife 
was born 22^ (3^) 1640. 

Samuel the sonne of Roger Clapp & Joan his wife was 
borne 11^. (8^) 1634. 

William the sonne of lioger Clap & Joan his wife was 
borne the 2^ {b\) 1636, & dyed 22°. (7^) 1638. 

Elisabeth the dau^hf of Roger Clap &. Joan his wife 
was borne 22°. (4M 1638. 

Experience the daughf of Roger Clap & Joan his wife 
was borne 23°. (6°.) 1640, & dyed 1°. (9°.) 1640. 

Waytestill the sonne of Roger Clap & Joan his wife was 
borne 22°. (8°.) 1641, & dyed 9°. (6°.) 1643. 

Preserved the sonne the sonne of Roger Clap & Joan 
his wife was borne 23°. (9°.) 1643. 

Mehetabel the dauohter of Thomas Clarke & Mary his 
wife was borne 18°. (2°.) 1640. 

Elisabeth the daughf of Thomas Clark & Mary his wife 
was borne 22°. (3°.) 1642. 

Sarah the daughter of Willm Clark & Sarah his wife 
was borne 21°. (4°.) 1638. 

Jonathan the sonne of W"^ Clark & Sarah his wife was 
borne 1°. (8°.) 1639. 

Nathaniel the sonne of W™ Clark & Sarah his wife was 
borne 27°. (11°.) 1641. 

Experience the daughter of W"* Clark & Sarah his wife 
was borne 30. (1°.) 1643. 

Samuel the sonne of Austin Clement & Elisabeth his 
wife was borne 29°. (7°.) 1635. 

John the sonne of Austin Clement & Elisabeth his wife 
was borne the 21°. (8°.) 1639. 

Joanna the daughter of Austin Clement & Elisabeth his 
wife dyed the 19°. (9°.) 1638. 

Experience the daughfof Richard Collecot & Thomasin 
his wife was borne 29°. (7°.) 7°. 1641. 

Dependance the sonne of Richard Collecot & Thomasin 
his wife was borne 5°. (5°.) 1643. 

Joanna the wife of Richard Collecot dyed 5°. (6°.) 1640. 

Susanna the daughter of Henry Cunlith & Susanna his 
wife was borne the 15°. (1°.) 1644. 

Elisabeth the daughter of Richard Curtes & Elisabeth 
his wife was borne 17°. (5°.) 1643. 

Sarah the daughter of Thomas Davenport & Mary his 
wife was borne 28°. (10°.) 1643. 

Isaac the sonne of Thomas Dickerman & his 

wife was borne (9°.) 1637. 

Mary the daughter of Richard Evans & Mary his wife 
was borne 19°. (11°.) 1640. 

Matthias the sonne of Richard Evans & Mary his wife 
was borne 11°. (12°.) 1643. 



Clapp. 



Clapp. 



Clarke. 



Clarke. 



Clement. 



Collecot. 



Cunlith. 

Curtes. 

Davenport. 

Dickerman. 

Evans. 



\_To he continued.'] 



1851.] Notices of Publications. 99 



NEW PUBLICATIONS. 

The Genealogy of the Descendants of Richard Haven^ of Lynn, being a 
Republication of the first edition, without alteration ; with additional 
Pages, containing corrections of a few errors, and the Addition of many 
other Branches, By the same Author ; [Namely, Josiah Adams, Esq., 
of Framingham, Ms.] 8vo. Boston: 1819. Pp. lOL 

The first edition of this work of Mr. Adams was published in 1843, and extended to 
54 pages, which at the time of its publication was viewed by Genealogists as a monu- 
ment of patience, diligence, and capacity for such a task, of rare occurrence. Between 
the years 1843 and 1849, a very considerable change took place in the community 
with regard to such pursuits. Instead of a solitary Genealogist, far up atrong the 
granite hills of New Hampshire, with here and there scattered in other States of New 
England, others who had the hardihood to encounter the ridicule of their neighbors, 
the subject of Genealogy and Family History began to be thought not an entirely use- 
lessstudy. Within tiiat period the Np:w England Historic-Genealogical Society 
was formed, a Genealogical Periodical was started, and seconded with considerable 
spirit. During and since that period, numerous laborers have come into the Held ; 
which till then was a wilderness, a desert in which almost every individual who ven- 
tured found himself bewildered. 

Mr. Adams will be reckoned among the pioneers in Genealogy. May he live to sec 
the wilderness, in which he made an early clearing, cultivated throughout. 

The Yale Family^ or the Descendants of David Yale, with Genealogical 
Notices of each Family, By Elihu Yale, one of the Descendants. 8vo. 
New Haven : 1850. Pp. 1D7. 

The public are here presented with another very valuable contribution to the stock 
of New England Genealogies. Mr. Yale has "got up his work," as the Booksellers 
say, in excellent style — beautifully primed, on fine paper and large type. From a 
glance at his index, we should think that descendants of most of the old families of 
New England would find something to help them in tracing their own pedigrees. 

The plan adopted by Mr. Yale, is, I believe, precisely that of Mr. Goodwin, em- 
ployed in his elaborate Genealogy of the Foote Family. Upon that work and the plan 
of it we have remarked in a previous Number of the Register. We would here 
remark further upon that plan — that it is substantially the same as used and recom- 
mended in the Farmer Genealogy in our first volume of the Register, with the omission 
of two of its advantages. In that plan the generation of every individual is designated, 
and at the same time is seen what individuals have descendants ; that is, if the descend- 
ants are given in the pedigree. These are very important advantages; and they 
might be incorporated into the plan used by Mr. Yale, by all who chose to print in 
this method, with obvious benefit. 

These observations are thrown out, with a view to the establishment, if possible, of 
a uniformity in printing extensive Genealogies. 

The American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the 
year 185 L Boston : Charles C. Little and James Brown. 12mo., pp. 351. 

This most important statistical Manual, again greets us the ticeMty -second time. And 
we are happy to be able to state, that it has gradually improved in the choice of the 
articles which compose it, and apparently in the correctness of their preparation; nev- 
ertheless, many who have occasion to use it, will doubtless think a different selection 
would be preferable, and that it might be made more truly American, with advantage, 
both to the proprietors and its patrons. But in a work of this kind, calculated to suit 
the wants of the greatest number, those most interested in its circulation, and conse- 
quently in its utility, must be allowed to be the best judges. There is one matter we 
sincerely protest against, as it is to us exceedingly annoying ; it is to see the incon- 
stancy of its title-page, and external appearance. When we look for the " American 
Almanac," we wish to find it as we last saw it. It matters not much about the style of 
its appearance, and therefore it is beyond our comprehension why some particular 
style is not adhered to and continued. 

Memoir of John Bromfield. By Josiah QciNCY. 8vo. Cambridge: 1850. 

Here we are presented with an excellent Memoir of " the last representative in 
America, of the male line of a family, distinguished for more than a century among 
the citizens of Boston, for integrity and benevolence." 



100 Notices of Publications. [Jan 

Mr. John Bromficld's first male ancestor in New Enj^land was Edward Bromfield, 
a stern ruiitan, at the time of whose decease appeared the following notices of him and 
Lis family : — 

" Yesterday in the afternoon, died the Honourable Edward Bromfield^ Esq., in the 
86th year of his age; who for many years was one of his Majesty's Council, a gentle- 
man of great integrity and singular piety. He was buried on Thursday the 6ih [of 
June] following, [1734.] He was the third son o^ Henry Bromjield, Esq., the son of 
Arthur Bromjield, Esq., and was born at Haywood House, the seat of the family, near 
New Forest in Hampshire, in England, on the 10th of January, 1648--9, baptized at 
Chanesoft, 16 Jan. following; served his apprenticeship in London; came to New 
England in 1675. He was annually elected of the Council of Massachusetts, from 
1703 till 1728. He early took up the Cross ; joined to the church of the Rev. and fa- 
mous Mr. Doolittle, when about 17. Entered into a spiritual acquaintance with the re- 
nowned Mr. Baxter, Dr. Jacomb, Mr. Thomas Vincent, Mr. James Janeivay* and others. 
He was twice married ; 1st, about 1678, to Mrs. Elizabeth Brading, by whom he had one 
child, Elizabeth, who died unmarried in 1717, 2d to Mrs. [Miss] Mary Danforth [4 June, 
1683] daughter of the Rev. Mr. Samuel Danforth, of Roxbury, by whom he had twelve 
children. One son and two daughters only, with their sorrowful mother, surviving." 
New England Journal, 3d and \Oth June, 1734. 

The death of Mrs. Bromjield soon followed, which was thus announced : " This morn- 
ing died here. Madam Mary Bromjield, relict widow of the late Hon. Edivard Bromjield, 
Esq. She died very much lamented, after a short illness of 4 or 5 days, in her 72d 
year. She was eldest daughter of the Rev. and learned Mr. Samuel Danforth, and 
grand-daughter of the famous Mr. Wdson, the first pastor of the Old Church in Boston." 
— lb., 1th andUth Oct., 1734. 

Mr. Bromfield lived in the street which bears his name, and his mansion house occu- 
pied the spot on which the present '• Bromfield House stands." His only son, Edward, 
was the father of John, who was the father of the subject of Mr. Quincy's memoir. 

There was a Thomas Bromjield, glover, who, in 1734, kept a shop " adjoining to Mr. 
Thomas Hubbard, brazier, at the head of the Town Dock." In 1762, " Mr. Henry Brom- 
jield, merchant, was married to Mrs. [MissJ Hannah Clarke, eldest daughter oi Richard 
Clarke, Esq." 

Arc1i(Bologia Americana. Transactions and Collections of the American 
Antiquarian Society, Volume III, Part I. Cambridge : printed for the 
Society by BoUes & Houghton, 1850. 

We regret that our brief space will allow of only a passing notice of this publi- 
cation, which forms a commencement to the printing of the Massachusetts Colony 
Records, by the American Antiquarian Society. This part of a volume '* is devoted 
to the Records of the company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, as con- 
tained in the first volume of the archives of the State." It is edited with great ability 
by S. F. Haven Esq, chairman of the committee of publication, and librarian of the 
Society. We recommend the volume to all interested in the history of the commence- 
ment of the Colony of Massachusetts. 

We wish here to add a single word on a passage in the Christian Examiner for No- 
vember, which notices this publication. The Examiner says, (page 491,) " Endicott 
we know had but one ship, the Abigail." It is true that we hear of but one ship in 
connection with Endicott's expedition, in which himself, his wife and (blank) persons of 
his company sailed ; and it would certainly require but one for transporting his com- 
pany to New England. But it is by no means certain that there were no other ships in 
that expedition. No one therefore is warranted in stating it as a well ascertained his- 
torical ^c^ that " Endicott had but one ship.'^ 

See some remarks on this point in the I5oston Daily Advertiser for Nov. 6, 1850. 



Persons in possession of any facts about the Binney family are desired to communicate 
them to Mr. U. J. F. Bijskey, Boston. 



Any information concerning persons of the name of Coit, will be gladly received by Mr. 
R. C. Leakmed, of Canterbury, Ct. 



The Records of marriages, births, and deaths in the town of Concord, Mass., have recently 
been arranged and copied by vote of the town, and are now in such state as that applica- 
tions for any information they contain, will be attended to by the town clerk. 

* Of these worthies memoirs will be found in Calamy's NonconfcnrmisV s Memorial. 



1851.] 



3Iarriages and Deaths. 



101 



MARRIAGES AND DEATHS; 



MARRIAGES. 

Butler, Mathew Athearn, Gales- 
burg, 111., to Maria Louisa Smith, 20 
June, 1850. 

Davenport, Amzi Benedict, to Miss 
Jane Joralemon, dau. of John Dimon, 
Esq., Brooklyn, N. Y., 30 Oct., 1850, 
by Rev. Dr. Dvvight, all of that city. 

DEATHS. 

Atwell, Mr. Samuel, Montville, Ct., 
26 ^s'ov., jfi 95 years 6 mouths. He was 
a soldier in the War of the Revolution ; 
having served the principal part of it. 

Ball, Mrs. Mary, Boston, 5 Dec, aj 48; 
wife of Nahum Ball, Esq. 

Bates, Mr. Elijah, Westfield, Feb. 4, 
1850. He was born at Granville, July 
27, 1770; graduated at Yale Coilege 
1794; studied law at Litchfield; com- 
menced the practice of his profession at 
Westtield, and continued in that busi- 
ness until 1825, when he relinquished 
it for the pursuits of agriculture. 

He was one of the foremost in the 
enterprise of opening a good highway 
from Westfield to Albany. So far as the 
public was concerned, the result was 
successful ; but, like many other similar 
undertakings, it was disastrous to the 
projectors. The attention given by him 
to this subject imprinted a peculiarity 
upon his character He became an en- 
thusiast on the subject of good roads ; 
and very many persons will recollect 
seeing him, with his men and teams, 
laboring as an amateur, to repair some 
defect, or to remove some obstruction in 
the public travel. As a citizen, he was 
public spirited and enterprising; one of 
the kindest of neighbors, and most 
honest of men. 

He was the oldest of the children of 
Captain Nathaniel Bates, (born at Gran- 
ville, May 17, 1744, died Nov. 18, 1825) 
and Hannah Church (born Oct. 22, 
1749, died Nov. 29,1840.) She was. a. 

V descendant of Peregrine White. His 
father removed from Durham, Conn., to 
Granville, and was one of the first set- 
tlers of that town. The brother of Capt. 
Nathaniel, Col. Jacob Bates, settled in 
the West Parish of Granville, where he 
resided till the last years of his life. — 
Communicated. 

Belknap, Daniel, at Rockton, Herkimer 
Co.. N. Y., 26 Sept., of cancer in the 
stomacln ae 86. He was a native of 
New Windsor, Orange Co., a friend and 
schoolmate of De Witt Clinton, and 
throughout the commencement of the 
Revolution took an active interest and 



bore a useful part in the great struggle 
for independence. He was the frequent 
bearer of letters to Washington and 
other oflicers while they were quartered 
at Newburgh, and was present when the 
General received and read to his com- 
panions the despatches from Dr. Frank- 
lin, anouncing that France had lent its 
aid to the cause. "Washington cou'd not 
repress his joy, and laughing heartily, 
waved his cocked hat, and said, *' Boys, 
the day is our own ! '' Mr. Belknap used 
to say, that on this and one other occa- 
sion only, did he ever see the General 
smile — that was, being at a neighboring 
church, a child was brought forward for 
baptism, the mother announced the 
name of — George Washington. 

BOLTWOOD, Mrs. Jemima, widow of 
William Brewer, in Wilbraham, July 
29, 1850, aged 86 years. She was dau. 
of the late Lieut. Solomon Boltwood, of 
this town. On her mother's side she 
was descended from Elder Jolin Strong, 
an early settler of Northampton ; on 
her father's from Sergeant Robert 
Boltwood, one of the founders of Had- 
ley, as follows : — 

.'Sergt. Robert Boltwood, was of Iladley^Mary. 
1660, d. Ai.rit*;. 1684 | 

Sergt. Pamuel Boltwood, = Sarah Lewis, of Farmington. 
of Iladiey i sluin by | 
French and Indians at I 
Ueerfield, Feb yi). 1704. | 

Solomon boltwood, =:Wid.Mary Pantry, of Farmington. 
b. .uly 2 161)4, of 
Had ley and Am- 
herst, d Ainl 20, 
1762, aged 67. 

I— 
Lt. Solomon Boltwood. ._ 
b. Dec 26. 1727, of Amherst, 
d. 17 May 1777, agpd 49. 



-Mary Strong, of Amherst. 



J f: MIMA Roi Twoon b. Dec. 18, 1763, 
d. July 29, ISoO, aged S6 years 7 months 

Communicated. 

Bowen, Mrs. Peddy, Norton, Mass., 
13th September last, aged 89 years, 11 
months, and 4 days ; widow of the late 
Hon. Jabez Bowen, of Rhode Island. 
This venerable lady, after the death of 
a younger sister who died in her youth, 
was the only child of the late Hon. 
George Leonard, of Norton. Mrs. Bow- 
en left no descendants, and by her 
death the Norton branch of the ancient 
family of Leonard has become extinct. 
This family are said to be of the family 
of Lennard, Lord Dacre, oi the County 
of Essex, England. The following is 
Mrs. Bowen's Leonard ancestiy : — 

(1) Thomas, of Pontipool, Wales. 

(2) James, of Raynham, d. 1691, ae 70. 

(3) Thomas, of " d. Nov. 24, 1713, 

ae 72. 



102 



Marriages and Deaths, 



[Jan. 



(4) George, of Norton, d. Sept. 5, 1716, 

IE 45. 

(5) George of " d. Dec. 4, 1778, 

iE 80. 

(6) George, of " d. July 6, 1819, 

le 90. 

(7) Mrs. Bowen, of Norton, d. Sept. 13, 

18.50, IE about 90. 

This family has been of note in the 
County of Bristol, from the first settler, 
James (2) of Kaynham, to the present 
day ; having possessed great wealth, 
and from generation to generation held 
various offices of honor, trust, and profit. 
The father and grandfather of Mrs. B. 
■were Judges of Probate for Bristol 
County, for many years ; each of her 
ancestors, back, to the first settler held 
high military offices. Her father gradu- 
ated at Harvard University in 1748, 
He was the first Representative in the 
Congress of the United States, during 
the Presidency of General Washington, 
from the district which comprised the 
counties of Bristol, Duke's, and Nan- 
tucket. He was a successful lawyer, 
and was appointed Chief Justice of the 
Court of Common Pleas. 

The mother of Mrs. Bowen was one of 
the three daughters of Col. Samuel 
White, an eminent barrister at law ; a 
representative and a Councillor in the 
Provincial General Court of Massachu- 
setts, and who, in the year 1765, then 
being a representative from Taunton, 
as Speaker of the House of Representa- 
tives, signed the Circular which invited 
the several Colonies to send delegates 
to the Jirst American Congress which 
assembled at New York, in October, 
1765 — an act which was deemed by 
some to involve the crime of high trea- 
son — by others as the first official act 
of the American Revolution. 

The Hon. Francis Baylies, of Taunton, 
the Historian of Plymouth Colony, and 
Hon. William Baylies, of Bridgewater, 
brothers, are descendants of Col. White, 
and by Mrs. B's. will as " nearest of kin," 
have largely shared of the estate left by 
her. 

The family of Leonard have resided 
on their large landed estate (some 1500 
acres) in Norton, "in a somewhat baro- 
nial stvle, surrounded by their tenantry." 
Mrs. B. resolved to leave this estate 
unimpaired ; and now it will be sold and 
divided into various ownerships. These 
timber lands are the most valuable in 
the State. Gigantic oaks and cedars 
for a century and a half, if not for cen- 
turies, undisturbed, attest their anti- 
quity. The keel of the frigate Constitu- 
tion was taken from these lands during 
the life time of Mrs. Bowen's father. To 
her numerous tenantry, among whom 
were some descendents of the tenants 
of her great grandfather, she was kind 



and indulgent ; they venerated, her for 
her wisdom, and loved her for her for- 
bearance and benevolence. The house 
which her ancestor erected in the wilder- 
ness in 1690, when the howl of the wolf 
and cry of the Indian hunter broke 
the stillness of the night, was her resi- 
dence when she died, and [probably] 
is the most ancient in Massachusetts. 
Her graceful and cordial manners indi- 
cated intuitive good taste ; and like 
Abigail, "she was a woman of good 
understanding, and of a beautiful coun- 
tenance." She witnessed the commence- 
ment of the American Revolution ; she 
understood its principles and watched 
with deep interest the succession of 
events which led to its glorious termina- 
tion. With several of the principal ac- 
tors in the transactions of .hat eventful 
period she was personally acquainted, 
particularly with those of Massachusetts. 
Besides her grandfather, so conspicuous 
in the opposition to the Stamp-Act. she 
knew James Otis and his father, James 
Bowdoin and his family, John Hancock, 
Robert Treat Paine, General James 
Warren and his distinguished wife, 
Walter Spooner, Col. Bowers, and 
amongst the Loyalists, Governor Hutch- 
inson, Daniel Leonard, the author o 
Massachuttaensis, and Chief Justice of 
Bermuda (cousin to her father.) Col. 
John Chandler, Brigadier Ruggles, Col. 
Gilbert, Timothy Paine, &c. She ac- 
companied her father to New York when 
the first Congress under the Federal 
Constitution sat in that city, and be- 
came well acquainted with Washington 
and John Adams, and their distinguish- 
ed ladies, Jetferson, Hamilton, Jay, 
Madison, Knox, Sedgwick, Fisher 
AmeS; &c. 

Her beauty, accomplishments, and 
prospects of wealth, as well as the stand- 
ing of her father, gave her familiar ac- 
cess to the social, fashionable, and dip- 
lomatic circles of New York. In relat- 
ing her reminiscences of her residence 
in that city, as well as of the events of 
the Revoluion, her conversation was not 
only amusing and instructive, but often- 
times deeply interesting. 

She died with a conscience " void of 
offence." She enjoyed life in its moder- 
ation to its last moments, — willing to 
live and not unwilling to die. — Commu- 
nicated. 

Bradford, Mrs. Hannah Gorham, 22 
Dec, at Westboro' , x 29, wife of M. L . 
Bradford, of Boston. 

Cox, Mrs. Susan, Portland, Me., 17 
Dec, at her residence, corner of Middle 
and Pearl streets, suddenly ,of apoplexy, 
aged 82 years and 11 months, widow of 
the late Josiah Cox, Esq. Mrs. Cox 
was the daughter of Joseph Greenleaf a 
descendant of the Newburyport family 



1851.] 



Marriages and Deaths, 



103 



of that name, and Susan, daughter of 
Amos and Mary Pearson, also from that 
town. Her husband, who died 20 July, 
1829, aged 73, was for many years a pro- 
minent citizen and merchant of Tort- 
land, the son of Captain John Cox, a 
loyalist, who after the revolution remov- 
ed to Cornwallis, Nova Scotia, and 
founded the large family of that name 
still residing there — the offspring of 
his second marriage. His lather, tlie 
grandfather of Mrs, Cox's husband, who 
was also styled " Capt. John Cox," was 
admitted an inhabitant of Falmouth in 
1729, received several grants of land C.up- 
on a portion of one of which Mrs. Cox re- 
sided at the time of her decease) and was 
killed at Femaquid by the Indians, 1747. 
Mrs. Cox had ten children by her 
husband, live of whom survive her, viz : 
one son and four daughters. The son and 
two of the surviving daughters are mar- 
ried and have children. Her bright and 
cheerful disposition will be long remem- 
bered by her friends, and her kind sym- 
pathy and ready charity long missed l)y 
the humble pensioners of her charities. 
Her ear was ever open to, and her hand 
ever ready to relieve the necessities of 
the poor, as far as her own limited 
means pern)itted. 

CoE, Miss Hannah, Little Compton, R, 
I., 1 Dec, aj 91 years, 4 months, and 27 
days. She was the great grand-daugh- 
ter of Elizabeth Peabody, the first white 
person that was born after the landing ot 
the Pilgrims. 

Dean. Mks. Mary, Dedham, Oct. 13th, 
J aged 98 years and 6 months. She had 
/been for seventy-eight years a member 

/ of the First Congregational Church in 

{ Dedham, and retained her faculties, 
almost unimpaired, till her last sickness. 

Dean, William S., Koxbury, Nov. 18th, 
(aged 69 years. He emigrated from 
jFaversham, County of Kent, England, 
;a))OUt forty years since; and belonged 
to a military company there, of about 
sixty members, of whom more than half 
were of the same surname as his own. 

Drake, Joseph, Esq., Effingham, N. H., 
26 August, re 83 years, 7 months and 26 
days. He had represented that town in 
the legislature for several years; had 
been one of the selectmen, and a 
worthy member of the Baptist society 
in that town for ab:)ut 40 years. He 
was son of Weare Drake, Esq., of North 
Hampton and Effingham, grandson of 
Col. Abraham Drake of the former 
town, maternal great-grandson of the 
Hon. Nathaniel Weare, of Hampton. 
Col. Abraham Drake w^as son of Abra- 
ham Drake, of Hamp'on, Avho was 
great-grandson of Robert Drake, his 
emigrant ancestor. 

Eddy, Mrs. Sarah, wife of Zachariah 
Eddy, Esq., of Middleborough, 7 Sept., 
1850, aj 69. 



Hosmer, Mr. Prosper, Athens, Green 
Co . N. Y., Nov., 3d 93 years, 5 months ; 
a soldier during the war of the Revolu- 
tion, and was present at the execution 
of the spy, Andre. He was long a mer- 
chant of Hudson. 

Lyon, Mrs. Catherine Maria, Boston, 
9 Dec., 18.50 se 23 years, 1 month, 17 
days, of pulmonary consumption, wife 
of 'Mr. Albert G. Lyon, and dau. of Mr. 
Laban A. Tyler, of Boston. 

Perkins, Mr. Nathan, Middleboro', 3 
November, sn 80. 

Quincy,Mrs Susan Morton, at Quincy, 
1 Sept., ai 77, wile of the Hon. Josiah 
Quincy. She was the youngest daugh- 
ter of John Morton and Maria Sophia 
Kemper Morton, of New York, and was 
born in that city, 20 Sept., 1773. Her 
father was an affluent merchant of that 
city ; and the amount of property he 
de{)osited in the Loan Office, in 1775, 
for the support of the American army, 
obtained for him, from the British offi- 
cers, whose overtures and protection he 
had refused, the appellation of " the 
Rebel Banker." The vicinity of Bask- 
enridge, N. J., where he sought refuge 
with his family, became the theatre of 
war ; and he died in the prime of life, in 
1781. The early loss of his paternal 
care was supplied to his daughter by the 
afiectionate guardianship of her elder 
brother, afterwards extensively known 
and respected as Gen. Morton, of New 
York. She was married to Mr. Quincy 
in 1797. 

Quincy, Samuel, Esq , Boston, 22 Dec., 
3d 60 years, formerly an enterprising 
shipmaster from ihis port, and more re- 
cently an Alderman of this city, and 
Representative to the Legislature from 
Boston. At the time of his death he 
was one of the Board of Pilot Commis- 
sioners, and the President of the Hope 
Insurance Company. He died yesterday 
morning, at 8 o'clock, of gout in the 
stomach, as we are informed. — Courier. 

Riddel, Miss Harriet Fitch, Boston, 
6 Jan., 1851, eldest dau. of Kev. Samuel 
H. Riddel. She was born in Glasten- 
bury, Ct.. 28 Sept., 1828. 

Wentvvorth, George Wallingford, 
M.D., Chicago, 111., 14 August, 18.50, 
about 5 o'clock, P.M., of cholera; one of 
the Aldermen of that city, after an ill- 
ness Oi'' about 12 hours. He was born at 
Sandwich. N. H., 2 Nov., 1820, and his 
remains were removed to the residence 
of his father in Concord, N. H., for inter- 
ment. Also, died at Concord, N. H., 28 
July, 1848, William Badger Wentworth, 
a student at Dartmouth College (enter- 
ed in 1846) ; born at Sandwich, N. H., 
4 Jan., 1830. 

They were descended from Elder 
William Wentworth, of Dover, through 
his son Ezekiel, of Dover (died about 



lOi 



Marriages and Deaths. 



[Jan. 



1714, and whose wife was Elizabeth) 
through Captain Benjamin, of Dover, 
(died in 1725, and whose wife was Eliza- 
beth Leiyhton, of Kittery, Me.) through 
Col. John, of Somersworth, (born 1719, 
and died 1781, and by his first wife Jo- 
anna Oilman, of Exeter) through Hon. 
John, of Dover, (born 1745, graduate 
H. C, 1768, died 1787, wife Margaret, 
daugliter of Joseph Frost, of New 
Castle) through Hon. Paul, of Sand- 
wich and Concord (born 1782 and mar- 
ried Lydia, daughter of Col. Amos 
Cogswell, of Dover.) And on their 
mother's side, tliey weredeseentied from 
Kichard Otis, massacred at Dover, 1689, 
through the infant prisoner Christine, 
educated in Canada, and there married 
a LeBeau, and had three children ; and 
after his death, she returned to this 
country under Capt. Stoddard, and mar- 
ried Capt. Thomas Baker, then of 
Northampton, representative of Brook- 
field, Mass., in 1719, afterward of Men- 
don, Mass., and finally of Dover, N. H , 
where she died, February 23, 1773. 
Among her children was Col. Otis Ba- 
ker, of Dover, N. H.. died 27th October, 
1801. His daughter Lydia, born 1761, 
widow of Capt. Samuel Wallingford, 
married Col. Amos Cogswell, of Dover, 
1785, and their daughter Lydia. born 
May 30, 1793, married Hon. Paul Went- 
worth, and was the mother of the de- 
ceased. 

Their grandfather, Amos Cogswell 
was a descendant of John Cogswell a 
merchant of London, Avho settled at 
Ipswich, Mass., in 1635, through Wil- 
liam, of Ipswich, born 1619, in England, 
through John, of Ipswich, born 16.50, 
and through Nathaniel, of Haverhill, 
Mass., born 1707 (whose wife was Judith, 
daughter of Joseph Badger, of Haver- 



hill, who married the daughter of 
Nathaniel Peaslee, of Haverhill.) 

Their grandmother Wentworth, was 
descended from Charles Frost, born in 
England in 1632, who accompanied his 
father Nicholas to Piscataqua River, 
when three or four years of age, through 
John, of Kittery, born, 1681 (whose wife 
wasMaryPepperell)and through Joseph, 
of New Castle, born 1717, (whose wife 
afterwards married Judge Ichabod Rol- 
lings, of Somersworth, N. H., and was 
Margaret Colton, born April 19, 1724, 
daughter of Samuel Colton, born 1679, 
of Springfield, Mass., fourth son of 
Ephraim, born 1648, who was the second 
son of George, who was one of the very 
first settlers in that part of the town of 
Springfield, now known as Long Mea- 
dow. The mother of Mrs. Frost, and the 
wife of Samuel Colton was Margaret 
Bliss, born 11 September, 1684. and was 
the tenth child of Samuel Bliss, who 
married Mary, daughter of John Leo- 
nard, of Springfield, and whose father 
was Thomas Bliss, one of the first 
settlers of Hartford, Conn., and died 
there 1640.) 

Their great grandmother Wentworth 
was the daughter of Judge Nicholas 
Oilman, who died at Exeter, about 
1749, son of John Oilman who died 
there in 1708, and grand son of Edward 
Oilman, who emigrated from England 
to Ipswich, Mass., prior to 1638, and 
aterwards to Exeter, N H. 

Captain Thomas Baker, who married 
Christine Otis (Madame I..eBeau) was 
born at Northampton, Mass., May 14, 
1682, and was the son of Timothy Baker, 
whose genealogy and history will ap- 
pear in a future number of this Register 
under the continuation of the history of 
the Otis family. — Communicated. 



William Ames, born at Bridgewater, Massachusetts, Maj-- 16,1723, and his brother, 
Amos Ames, born at the same place, September 25, 1732, moved with their father William 
Ames and their mother and several sisters shortly after the year 1736, to some part of Con- 
necticut, as is said. Any information of them, and who their descendants are, if any, is 
desired through the publisher of this Register. 



Donations in books have been received for the library of the society from the following 



gentlemen : — 

A. Tra^k. 
J. S. Loring. 
H. B. Sbedd. 
Rev. S. Nash. 
Klihu Yiile 
J. B. Brijrht. 
S. A. Greene. 
E. S. Stearns. 
J. N. Grni ger. 
Rev. H. W. Clark. 
W. T. Ibirris. 
C. C. r. Moody. 



H. Wheatland. M.D. 
R. C. Wiiitbrop. 
J. W. 'I'lioniton. 
Horace Mann. 
B. H. Dixon. 
Rev .1. M. M' Donald. 
Joslina Cotfin. 
Heiu'v Steven.i. 
Geo. I.ivennore. 
Beals (S: Greene. 
Antiquarinn Society, 
lion. S. Leland. 



C. J. F. Binney. 
S. A. Appleton. 
Frederick Kidder. 
A. Lewis. 
W. G. Brooks. 
A. B. I)av(Miport. 



N. B. Shnrtleff, M.D. 
Hon. R. Frothinhara. 
Hcii. S. Lincoln. 
John Dean. 
John A. Walbice. 
(icn. S. Andrews. 



Hon. John Wentworth. W. H. Montague. 



C. F. Adnnis. 
T. B. Wynmn. 
Stephen Wicks. 
H. T. Bcckwith. 
B. P. Richardson. 



Edward darvis. 
1. v. Davis. 
S. G. Drake. 



r: 




fircJ Th'^n- J. ,-<>:j of t/u- cri^n.U ry SrTui-erc 



OF IPSWICH, MASS ^1. 66\ 

Jried, Pec ^<'^77^fi.wy Tus SO^year 



NEW ENGLAND 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER. 

VOL. VI. APRIL, 185L NO. 2. 

GENEALOGICAL MEMOIR OF THE FAMILY OF 

REV. NATHANIEL ROGERS, 

Of Ipswich, Essex Co., Mass., who came from Old to New England, 
A.D., 1G36, Son of Rev. John Rogers, of JDedham, Essex, Old England, 
who was a Grandson of Rev. John Rogers,^ Prebendary of St. Pauls, 
Vicar of St. Sepulchre, the Proto-Martyr in Queen Mary's Reign. 

[by a descendant.] 

On the 4th of February, \^^x. suffered at Srnithfield, the 
constant martyr of God, 

(1.) JOHN ROGERS: born, according to early writers, in 
Lancashire, England, and educated at the University of Cam- 
bridge. While yet a young man, for conscience sake, he went to 
Antwerp, in Brabant, serving many years as chaplain to the Eng- 
lish merchant adventurers. Here was formed an ardent friend- 
ship with that worthy servant and martyr of God, William Tyn- 
dale and Miles Coverdale (afterward Bishop of Exeter) who, 
for the hatred they bare to Popish superstition and idolatry, and 
love to true religion, had forsaken their native country ; conferring 
with them the Scriptures, he came to great knowledge of the 
Gospel, insomuch as to cast off the heavy yoke of Popery, and 
assist in the translation of the Bible into the English language, 
which led to the printing, finishing, and notable introduction into 
England in 1537, of the folio Bible, being the first complete edi- 
tion of both the Old and New Testaments ; revised and pub- 
lished by him alone under the assumed name of " Thomas Mat- 
thew." He printed on the last leaf, these words : 

TO THE HONOURE AND PRAYSE OF GOD WAS THIS BYBLE PRINTED 
AND FYNESSHED IN THE YERE OF OURE LORDE GOD, A. MDXXXVII. 

Here, also, he was married to a woman of this country, and re- 

* An original portrait of the Proto-Martyr may be seen in the Hall of the 
American Antiquarian Society at Worcester, Mass., said to have been presented by 
the late Kev. Dr. Jicntley, of Salem. A copy by Copley, of the original, formerly 
belonging to the family of Gov. Hutchinson, of Mass., was in possession of the late Rev. 
Dr. Andrew Eliot, of Boston. The identical Bible which belonged to the Proto- 
Martyr, printed in 1549, is owned by a descendant at Lunenburg, Mass. 



106 Memoir of Rev, Nathaniel Rogers* Family. [April, 

moved to Wittenberg, in Saxony, soon acquiring such a knowl- 
edge of the German tongue as to take charge of a congregation, 
which faithfully conducting, some years, until the accession ol 
King Edward the VL, upon the establishment of the Protes- 
tant religion, he returned to England to preach the Gospel. 

In April, 1550, he was admitted Rector of St. Margaret INIoyses, 
on the 10th of July of the same year Vicar of St. Sepulchre, and 
on the 24th of August following, having resigned this office, 
Nicholas Ridley, Bishop of London, bestowed on him a Prebend 
in the cathedral church of St. Paul, where the Dean and Chapter 
chose him Divinity Reader, therein he diligently labored until 
Queen Mary, coming to the throne, brought in the Antichrist of 
Rome. 

On the occasion of Queen Mary's entrance into London, 
he preached a bold and zealous sermon at St. Paul's Cross, 
confirming such doctrine as had been taught in King Ed- 
ward's days, and exhorting the people firmly to adhere to the 
same, and beware of all pestilent Popery. The Council composed 
of Popish Bishops called him to account, before whom making so 
stout and witty an answer, and pleading his cause in such a 
manner, he was this time clearly dismissed. 

On August 13th, 1553, Bishop Bonner being restored, appointed 
Master Bourn (afterward Bishop of Bath) a Canon of St. Paul's 
to preach at the Cross ; in his discourse, speaking honorably of 
Bonner, then present, ''which Bonner," said he "upon the same 
text, in that place, that day four years before had preached, and 
was upon the same most cruelly and unjustly cast into the vile 
dungeon of the JNIarshalsea and there kept during the time of 
King Edward." — His audience, thereupon, could not keep silence, 
but began to murmur and make such a stir, that the Mayor and 
Aldermen with other officers present greatly feared an uproar, when 
some one hurling a dagger at the preacher, the people became 
excited and would have taken his life but for the interposition of 
Mr. Bradford (afterward a martyr) and Mr. Rogers, who, stand- 
ing up, appeased their fury and conducted him betwixt them from 
the pulpit to the Grammar School door, where they lei't him sale. 
The next day after this , sermon at St. Paul's Cross, the 
Queen's guards were there with their weapons to protect the 
preacher, and when quiet men withdrew, order was given by, the 
Mayor that the ancients of all companies should be present, lest 
he should be discouraged by his small auditory. 

On the 16th of August, Mr. Bradford was committed to the 
Tower, and INIr. Rogers commanch^d by Ihe council to keep in 
his own house at St. Paul's, and have cominunication with no 
other than of his own household. 

P\'oni their inlluence with the people, it was pretended they 
had instigated the affiiir, and all pu])Iic preaching, the great 
weaj^on of the Reformers, was now forbidden by the Queen. 

AftcTward, Mr. Rogers was again called before the council ; 
by fiying, to which he was urged, he could have escaped their 



1851.] Memoir of Rev. Nathanld Rogers' Family. 107 

cruel hands, and many reasons might have prevailed, he saw the 
reestablishment of the Protestant religion in England, for the 
present desperate ; he knew he should not want a living in Ger- 
many, nor could he forget his wife and children, and to seek 
means for their subsistence. After having been called to answer 
in Christ's cause, he would not depart, but firmly stood in defence 
thereof, and for the trial of that truth was content to hazard his 
life. 

Remaining a prisoner in his own house, at length Bishop Bon- 
ner uncharitably caused his removal to Newgate, where he was 
lodged among theives and murderers. 

He is frequently invited with Bishop Ridley and others of the 
ablest Reformers to the Convocation, Cambridge and elsewhere, 
to contend in favor of the new religion against the Romish 
clergy. 

Among other things concerning him, this is not to be forgotten, 
how in the days of King Edward, there was a controversy among 
the bishops and clergy about wearing of priests' caps and other 
attire belonging to that order; he, being one of that number who 
never went otherwise than in a round cap during all the time 
of King Edward, refused to agree to the decree of uniformity 
of wearing the cap, tippet, &c., unless it should be decreed by 
way of distinction, that the Papists should wear upon their 
sleeves a chalice with a host upon it ; to which, if they would not 
consent, he would never wear the cap, as, indeed, he never did. 

In prison he was merry and earnest in all he went about, he wrote 
much, his examinations being penned with his own hand, which 
else had never come to light. Where man's power lacketh, see 
how God's providence worketh ! Notwithstanding a strict search 
was made to take away his letters and papers, yet after his death, 
his wife with one of her sons called Daniel coming into the place, 
where he had lain to seek, for them, and now ready to go away, 
" he chanced to spy a black thing lying in a blind corner under a 
pair of stairs," and wishing his mother see what it was, found it to 
be the book written in his own handwriting, containing his ex- 
aminations and answers, with other iiiatters. 

On the 22d of January, 1555, he was brought before the Coun- 
cil for examination : — 

First, the Lord Chancellor (Stephen Gardiner) said unto me, thus : " Sir, 
ye have heard the state of the realm, in which it standeth now." 

Rogers : — " No, my Lord, I have been kept in close prison, and except 
there have been some general thing said at the table, when I was at dinner 
or supper, I have heard nothing ; and there have I heard nothing where- 
upon any special thing might he grounded." 

Then said the Lord Chancellor, " General things, general things," mock- 
ingly. " Ye have heard of my Lord Cardinal's coming, and that the 
Parliament has received his blessing ; not one resisting unto it ; but one 
man wliich did s})eak against it ; such a unity and such a miracle hath not 
been seen (and all they of which there are eight score in one house said one. 
that was by whose name I know not) have with one assent and consent, 
received pardon of their offences, for the schism that we have had in 



108 Memoir of Rev. NatJianiel Rogers' Family. [-A-pril, 

England, in refusinoj the Holy Father of Rome, to be the head of the 
Catholic Church. How say ye ? are ye content to unite and knit yourself 
to the faith of the Catholic Church with us in the state in which it is now 
in England ? will ye do that ? " 

Rogers: — '' The Catholic Church I never did nor will dissent from." 

Ld. Chan. : — "• Nay, but I speak of the state of the Catholic Church, 
in that wise in which we now stand in England, having received the Pope 
to be supreme head." 

Rogers : — I know no other head but Christ of his Catholic Church, 
neither will I acknowledge the Bishop of Rome to have any more authority 
than any other bishop hath by the "Word of God, and by the doctrine of 
the old and pure Catholic Church four hundred years after Clmst." 

Ld. Chan. : — " VvHiy didst thou then acknowledge King Henry the 
Eighth to be the supreme head of the Church, if Christ be the only 
Head ? " 

Rogers: — "I never granted him to have any supremacy in spiritual 
things, as are the foi'giveness of sins, giving of the Holy Ghost, authority 
to be a judge above the Word of God." 

He, the Ld. Chan., bade me tell him what I would do, wliether I would 
enter into our Church with the whole realm, as it is now or not ? " No," 
said I, " I will first see it proved by the Scriptures ; let me have i^en ink 
and books, etc., and I shall take it plainly upon me to set out the matter, 
so that the contrary shall be proved to be true, and let any man that will, 
confer with me by writing." 

Ld. Chan. : " Nay, that shall not be permitted thee, thou shall never 
have so much proffered thee as thou hast now, if thou refuse it and will not 
now condescend to agree to the Catholic Church. Here are two things, 
mercy and justice ; if thou refuse the Queen's mercy now, then shalt thou 
have justice ministered unto thee." 

Rogers : — "I never offended nor was disobedient to her grace, and yet 
I will not refuse her mercy. But if it shall be denied me to confer by 
writing, and to try out the truth, then it is not well, but too far out of the 
way ; you yourselves, (all the Bishops of the realm) brought me to the 
knowledge of the pretended Primacy of Rome when I was a young man. 
twenty years past ; and will you now without collation have me to say 
and do the contrary ? I cannot be so persuaded." 

Ld. Chan. : — " If thou wilt not receive the Bishop of Rome to be su- 
preme Head of the Catholic Church, then thou shalt never have her mercy 
thou mayest be sure. And as touching conferring and trial, I am forbidden 
by the Scriptures to use any conferring or trial with thee. For St. Paul 
teacheth me that I should shun and eschew a heretic after one or two mo- 
nitions, knowing that such a one is overthrown, and is fjiulty, insomuch at- 
he is condemned by his own judgment." 

Rogers : — " oMy Lord I deny that I am a heretic ; prove ye that first, 
and then allege the aforesaid text." But still the Lord Chancellor played 
on one string saying : 

Ld. Chan.: — "If thou wilt enter into our church with us, &c., tell us 
that, or else thou shall never have so much profiered thee as thou hast 
now." 

Rogers : — "I will find it first in the Scriptures and see it tried thereby, 
before I receive him to be Supreme Head.^' 

Worcester : — " Why ! do ye not know what is in your creed ; ' Credi 
ecclesiani sanctam catholicam ;' I believe the Holy Catholic Church?" 



1851.] Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers' Family 109 

Rogers: — " I find not the Bishop of Rome there. For Cathoh'c signifieth 
not the Romish Church, it signifieth the consent of all true teaching 
churches of all times and of all ages. But how should the Bishop of Rome's 
church be one of them, which teacheth so many doctrines that are plainly 
and directly against the Word of God ? can that Bishop be the true head 
of the Catholic church that doeth so ? that is not possible." 

* * * * * * 

And here I would have declared how they ought to proceed in these 
days, and so have come again to my purpose, but one asked one thing, 
another said another, so that I was fain to hold my peace and let them 
talk. And even when I would have taken hold on my proof, the Lord 
Chancellor bade to prison with me again. " And away, away ! " said he, 
" we have more to talk withal." If I would not be reformed (so he termed 
it) " away, away ! " Then I stood up, for I had kneeled all the while. 

Then Sir Richard Southwell, who stood by a window near by, said to 
me, " Thou wilt not burn in this gear wdien it cometh to the purpose, I 
know well that." 

Rogers : — " Sir, I cannot tell, but I trust in my Lord God, yes ! " lift- 
ing up my eyes to heaven. 

Then my Lord Ely told me much of the Queen's majesty's pleasure and 
meaning, and set it out with large words, saying, that she took them that 
would not receive the Bisliop of Rome's Supremacy, to be unworthy to 
have her mercy etc. ; I said I would not refuse her mercy, and yet I never 
offended her in all my life, and that I besought her grace, and all their 
Honors to be good to me, reserving my conscience. 

Divers spake at once : — " No," quoth they then, a great sort of them, 
and specially Secretary Bourn, " A married Priest, and have not offended 
the law ! " 

I said, " I had not broken the Queen's law^, nor yet any point of the law 
of the realm therein, for I married where it was lawful." 

Divers at once : — " Where was that ? " said they, thinking that to be 
unlawful in all places. 

Rogers : — " In Dutchland. And if ye had not here in England made 
an open law that priests might have had wives, I would never have come 
home again ; for I brought a wife and eight children with me, which thing 
ye might be sure I would not have done, if the laws of the realm had not 
permitted it before." 

Tlien there was a great noise, some saying I was come too soon with 
such a sort ; I should find a sore coming of it ; and some one thing and some 
another. And one said, (I could not well perceive who) that there was 
never a Catholic man or country, that ever granted a priest might have a 
wife. 

I said, " The Catholic church never denied marriage to Priests, nor yet 
to any other man," and therewith I was going out of the chamber, the ser- 
geant which brought me hither having me by the arm. 

Then the Bishop of Worcester turned his face toward me, and said, I 
wist not where that church was or is. 

I said " yes," I could tell where it was : — but therewith went the 
sergeant with me out of the door. 

This was the very effect of all that was spoken unto me, and of all that 
I answered thereunto. * ^ * -^ # 

The 27th of January, at night. 

On the morrow, Mr. Rogers was again brought before the 
Council. 

1* 



110 Memoir of Itev. Nathaniel Iior/ers^ Family. [April, 

First, being asked by the Lord Clianccllor whether I would come into 
our Chin-c]i, with tho Bii^hops of the whole realm, as was now concluded by 
rarliamcut (hi wliich all the realm was converted by the Catliolic church 
of Rome) and so receive the mercy before proffered me, arising again with 
the wliole realm out of the en-or and schism in which we had long l)een, with 
recantation of my errors ? I answered, that before, I could not tell what 
his mercy meant, but now I understood it was a mercy of the Antichristian 
church of Rome, which I utterly refused ; and that the rising which he 
spake of was a very falling into error and false doctrine. Also that I had 
and would be able by God's grace to prove that all the doctrine which I 
liad ever taught, was true and Catholic, and that by the Scriptures and the 
Fathers that lived some hundred years after Christ's death. He answered, 
That should not, might not, nor ought to be granted me, for I was but a 
private man, and might not be heard against the determination of the whole 
realm. '' Should," quoth he, " when a Parliament hath concluded a thing, 
one or any private person have authority to discuss, whether they had 
done right or wrong ? No ! that may not be." 

I answered, shortly, that all the laws of man might not. neither should 
rule the Word of God, but they must all be discussed and judged thereby ; 
and neither my conscience, nor any Christian man's, could be satisfied with 
such laws as disagreed from that Word; and so was willing to have said 
much more. But the Lord Chancellor began a very long tale to a very 
small })urpose, concerning mine answer, to have defaced me, that there 
was nothing in me whereupon I should be heard, but arrogancy, pride, 
and vain glory. — I also granted my ignorance to be greater than I could 
express, o^ than he took i^, but yet that I feared not, by God's assistance 
and strength, to be able by writing to perform my word ; neither was I, 
(I thanked God) so utterly ignorant as he would make me ; but all was ot 
God, to whom be thanks rendered therefor. Proud man was I never, nor 
yet vain glorious ; all the world knew well where or on which side pride, 
arrogancy, and vain glory was. It was a poor pride that was in us, God it 
knoweth. 

Then said he, that I at the first dash condemned the Queen and the 
whole realm to be of the church of Antichrist, and burdened me highly 
therewithal. I answered, that the Queen's mnjcsty, (God save her grac<' 
would have done well enough if it had not been for his counsel. He sai; 
the Queen went before him and it was her own motion. I said, withoin 
fail, 1 never could nor would believe it. 

Then said Dr. Aldrich, the Bishop of Carlisle, that they the Bishop 
would bear him witness. "Yea," quoth I, " that I believe well," and wii 
that the people laughed, for that day there were many, but on the morro^\ 
they kept the doors shut, and would let none in, but the Bishop's servants 
and adher(Mits in a numner ; yea, and the first day the thousandth man came 
not in. Then Master Com])troller and Secretary Bourn would have stoci 
up also to bear witness, and did. 

***** 

Then, after many words, he asked me what I thought concerning \\ 
blessed sacrament, and stood up and put oii' his cap, and all his Fellov 
Bisliops, (of whicli there were a great sort of new men of whom 1 kn( 
few,) whether I believed in the sacrament, to be the very body and blo( 
of our Saviour Christ, that was born of the Virgin Mary, and hanged < 
the Cross, really and substantially? 

1 answered, that 1 had often told him, that was a matter in which I w; 
no meddler ; and therefore suspected of my brethren to be of a contrai 
opinion. 



1850.] Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers' Family. Ill 

" Notwithstanding, even as the most part of your doctrine in other points 
is false, and tlie defence thereof onlv bv force and erneUv, so in this matter, 
I think it to be as false as the rest. For I cannot understand 'really and 
substantially' to signify otherwise than corporally. But corporally, Christ 
is only in heaven, and so cannot Christ be also in your sacrament." 

And here I somewhat set out his charity after this sort : " INIy Lord," 
quoth I, " ye have dealt with me most cruelly, for ye have put me in pris- 
on w^ithout law, and kept me now there almost a year and a half, for I was 
almost half a year in my house when I was obedient to you, God knoweth, 
and spake with no man, and now have I been a lull year in Newgate, at 
great cost and charges, having a wife and ten children to find, and I never 
had a penny of my living, which was against the law." 

These things declare my Lord Chancellor's Antichristian charity, which 
is, that he doth seek my blood, and the destruction of my poor wife and 
my ten children. 

This is a short sum of the words which were spoken on the 28th of Jan- 
uary, after that Master Hooper had been the first, and Master Cardmaker 
the second in examination before me. 

The Lord grant us grace to stand together fighting lawfully in his cause, 
till w^e be smitten down together, if the Lord's w^ill so permit it. For 
there shall not be a hair of our heads perish against his will, but by his 
will. Whereunto the same Lord grant us to be obedient unto the end, and 
in the end. Amen, sweet, mighty, and merciful Lord Jesus, the son of 
David and of God ! Amen, amen ! let every true Christian say and pray. 

Then the clock being as I guessed about four, the Lord Chancellor said 
that he and the church must yet use charity with me, and gave me respite 
till to-morrow, to see whether I would remember myself well to-morrow, 
and whether T would return to the Catholic church, (for so he called his 
Antichristian false church) again and repent, and they would receive me 
to mercy. 

I said that I was never out of the true Catholic church, nor Avould 
be, but unto his church would I, by God's grace, never come. 

" Well," quoth he, " then is our church false and Antichristian ? " 

"Yea! "quoth L 

" And what is the doctrine of the sacrament ? " 

" False ! " quoth I, and cast my hands abroad. 

Then, said one, I was a player, to whom I answered not ; for I 
passed not upon his mock. 

" Come again," quoth the Lord Chancellor, " to-morrow, between nine 
and ten." 

" I am ready to come again, whensoever ye call," quoth I 

Examinations beinj^ ended, the two Sheriffs of London were 
commanded to carry them to the Compter, in Southwarlc, there to 
remain till the morrow. So Master Hooper went before with 
one and Master Rogers came after with the other, and be- 
ing out of the church, Master Hooper looked back, and stayed 
a little, till Master Rogers drew near, unto whom he said, " Come, 
brother Rogers," must we two take this matter fnst in hand, and 
begin to try these faggots ?" 

" Yea, sir," said Master Rogers, " by God's grace ! " 
" Doubt not," said Master Hooper, " but God will give strength !" 
So going ibrward, there was such a press of people in the streets, 
who rejoiced in their constancy, that they had much ado to pass. 



112 3femoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers' Family. [April, 

Then they were committed to the keeper of the Compter, and 
appointed to several chambers with commandments that they 
should not be suflered to speak one v/itli another, neither any oth- 
er be permitted to come with them that night. 

The second day, which was the 29tli of January, we were sent for in 
the morning about nine of the clock, and by the sheriffs fetched from the 
Compter in Soutliwark, to the church again, as to wit St. Mary Overy's 
where we were the day before in the afternoon. And when Master Hoop- 
er was condemned, as I understood afterwards, they sent for me. 

Then my Lord Chancellor said unto me : 

" Rogers," quoth he, " here thou wast yesterday, and we gave thee lib- 
erty to remember thyself this night, whether thou wouldest come to the 
Holy Catholic Church of Christ or not. Tell us now what thou hast de- 
termined, whether thou wilt be repentant and sorry, and wilt return again 
and take mercy ? " 

" My Lord," quoth I, " I have remembered myself right well, what you 
yesterday said to me, and desire you to give me leave to declare my mind, 
what I have to say thereunto ; and that done, I shall answer to your de- 
manded question." 

^ ^ ^ ^ ^ '^ 

Here, my Lord Chancellor would suffer me to speak no more, but bade 
me sit down, mockingly, that I was sent for to be instructed of them, and 
I would take upon me to be their Instructor. 

" jMy Lord," quoth I, " I stand and sit not ; shall I not be suffered to 
speak for my life ? " 

*' Shall we suffer thee to tell a tale and prate ? " quoth he, and witli that 
he stood up and began to face me, after his old arrogant proud fasliion, for he 
perceived I was in a way to have touched him somewhat, which lie thought 
to hinder by dashing me out of my tale, and so he did, for I never could 
be suffered to come to my tale again, no not to one word of it ; but he had 
much like communication with me, as he had the day before, and as his 
manner is, taunt upon taunt, and check upon check. For in that case being 
God's cause, I told him " he should not make me afraid to speak." 

Ld. Chan: — "See what a spirit this fellow hath!" said he, finding 
fault at my accustomed earnestness and hearty manner of speaking. 

Rogers : — "I have a true spirit," quoth I, " agreeing and obeying the 
Word of God," and would further liave said, diat I never was the worse, 
but the better to be earnest in a just and true cause, and in my master 
Christ's matters ; but I could not be heard. 

***** * 

To be short, he read my condemnation before me, particularly mention- 
ing therein, but two articles ; first, that I affirmed the Komish Catholic 
Church to be the Church of Antichrist, and that I denied the reality of 
their sacrament. He caused me to be degraded, and condemned and put 
into tlie hands of the laity ; and so he gave me over to the Sheriff's hands 
which were much better than his. 

\n this sentence he was entitled, "John Rogers, Priest, alias, 
called Matthew." 

They were carried to the Clink, there to remain till night ; 
when it was dark, Master Hooper was led by one Sheriff, and 
Master Rogers by the other, with many bills and weapons, first 
through the Bishop of Winchester's house, and so over London 



1851] Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers^ Family. 113 

Bridge, through the city to Newgate. By the way, some of the 
Sergeants went before, and put out the Costermongers' candles, 
who used to sit with lights in the streets, either fearing that the 
people would attempt a rescue, if seen going to that prison, or 
burdened with an evil conscience, they thought darkness more 
fit for such a business. 

Notwithstanding this device, the people had some knowledge 
of their coming, many came forth out of their doors with lights, 
and saluted them ; praising God for their constancy in the true 
doctrine which they had taught, and desiring God to strengthen 
them in the same to the end. 

After his sentence and condemnation on the 29th of January, 
before the Council, Mr. Rogers says in the account of his exami- 
nation : 

T^ ^ v|p ^p t|c / ^t^ 

" Well, my Lord," quoth I, " here I stand before God tmd you, and all 
this honorable audience, and take him to witness, that I never wittingly or 
wilfully taught any false doctrine, and therefore have I a good conscience 
before God and all good men. I am sure that you and I shall come before 
a Judge that is righteous, before whom I shall be as good a man as you ; 
and I nothing doubt, but that I shall be found tliere a true member of the 
true Catholic Church of Christ, and everlastingly saved. And as for your 
false church, ye need not to excommunicate me further of it, I have not 
been in it these twenty years, the Lord be thanked therefor. But now 
ye have done what ye can, my Lord, I pray you yet to grant me one 
thing." 

" What is that ? " quoth he. 

" That my poor wife, being a stranger, may come and speak with me, 
so long as I live, for she hath ten children that are hers and mine, and 
somewhat I would counsel her what it were best for her to do." 

" No," quoth he, " She is not thy wife ! " 

" Yes my Lord, quoth I, " and hath been these eighteen years." 

" Should I grant her to be thy wife ? " quoth he. 

" Choose ye," quoth I, *' whether ye will or not, she shall be so never- 
theless ! " 

" She shall not come at thee ! " quoth he. 

" Then I have tired out all your charity," said L 

^ ^ ifp yF V ^ 

Hitherto, dearly beloved, ye have heard whatw^as said, * * * Two 
things I purposed to have touched ; the one, how it was lawful for a pri- 
vate man to reason and write against a wicked act of parliament, or ungodly 
council ; which the Lord Chancellor the day before denied me ; the other 
was to prove, that prosperity was not always a token of God's love. 

* * * ^ # * # 

" But what shall be said of you when your fall shall follow, ye shall then 
hear ; and I must say my conscience to you, I fear me ye have and will, 
with your governance, bring England out of God's blessing into a warm sun. 
I pray God you do not. 

I am an JEnglishman born, and God knoweth, do naturally wish well 
to my country. And, my Lord, I have often proved that the things 
which I have much feared aforehand should come to pass, have indeed 
followed ; I pray God I may fail of my guessing in this behalf, but truly 



114 3Iemoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers' Family. [April, 

that will not be with expelling the true word out of the realm, and with 
the shedding of innocent blood. 

And as touching your rejoicing, as though God had set you aloft to pun- 
ish us by miracle (for so you report and brag openly of yourself) and to 
minister justice, " if ye will not receive your Holy Father's mercy," and 
thereby do declare your Church to be true and ours false, to that I answer 
thus : God's works be w^onderful, and are not to be comprehended and 
perceived by man's wisdom, nor by the wit of the most wise and prudent. 
Yea, they are soonest deceived, and do most easily judge amiss of God's 
wonderful works, that are most worldly wise, God hath made all the wis- 
dom of this world foolishness. " Dedit dihctam animam suam in manus 
inimicorum ejus." " He hath put his beloved and dear heart into the hands 
of the enemies thereof." 

" If God look not mercifully upon England, the seeds of utter destruction 
are sown in it already by these hypocritical tyrants, and Antichristian pre- 
lates, popish papists and double traitors to their natural country. And yet 
they speak of mercy, of blessing, of the Catholic church, of unity of power, 
and strengthening the realm. This double dissimulation will show itself one 
day, when the plague cometh, which will undoubtedly light upon those 
crown-shorn captains, and that shortly, howsoever the Godly and poor 
realm suffer in the mean while, by God's sufferance and good will." 

" Spite of Nebuchadnezzar's beard, and maugre his heart, the captive, 
thralled and miserable Jews must come home again, and have their city 
and temple builded up again by Zerubbabel, Esdras, and Nehemiah ; and 
the whole kingdom of Babylon must go to ruin, and be taken in of strang- 
ers, the Persians and the Medes ; so shall the dispersed English flock of 
Christ be brought again into their former estate, or to a better, I trust in 
the Lord God, than it was in innocent King Edward's days ; and our 
bloody Babylonical Bishops, and the w^hole crown-shorn company brought 
to utter shame, rebuke, ruin, decay and destruction. For God can- 
not, and undoubtedly will not suffer forever, their abominable lying, fjxlse 
doctrine, their hypocrisy, bloodthirst, idleness, their pestilent life pamper- 
ed in all kind of pleasure, their thrasonical boasting pride, their malicious, 
envious and poisoned stomachs, which they bear towards his poor and mis- 
erable Christians. 

Peter truly warneth, that, if judgment beginneth at the house of God, 
what shall be the end of them that beheve not the Gospel ? If the right- 
eous shall scant be saved, where shall the ungodly and sinful appear ? 
Some shall have their punishment here in this world, and in the world to 
come ; and they that do escape in this world, shall not escape everlasting 
damnation. This shall be your sauce, O ye wicked Papists ; make ye 
merry here as long as ye may ! " 

Among other things prophetically spoken by him may be 
added, those to John Day (the printer of the Reformation,) also 
laid up in prison for his religion : " Thou," said he, " shall live to 
see the alteration of this religion, and the Gospel to be freely 
preached again ; and therefore have me commended to my breth- 
ren as well in exile as others, and bid them be circumspect is dis- 
placing the papists and putting good ministers into churches, or 
else th(ur end will be worse than ours." 

While in Newgate, he was generous to the prisoners, and 
proposed with his fellows to have but one meal a day, 
they paying for the charges of the whole, the other should be 



1851.] Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers^ Family, 115 

given to the needy on the opposite side, but the keeper would not 
allow it. 

The Sunday before suffering, he drank to Master Hooper then 
underneath, and bade them commend him unto him and say, 
" There never was little fellow better would stick to a man, than 
he would stick to him ; " presupposing they would both be burned 
together, although it happened otherwise. 

On the 4th of February, A.D., 1555, being Monday, in the 
morning, he was warned suddenly by the keeper's wife of New- 
gate, to prepare himself for the fire ; being sound asleep, with 
much shaking he could scarce be awakened, at length being raised 
and waked and bid to make haste, " Then," said he, " if it be so, 
I need not tie my points," and so was handed down to Bonner to 
be degraded. That done, he craved of Bonner but one petition, 
and .was asked what that should be, " nothing " said he, " but that 
I might talk a few words with my wife before my burning ; " but 
this could not be obtained ; then said he, " you declare your 
charity what it is ; " and so was brought into Smithfield, by Ches- 
ter and Woodroofe, Sheriffs of London, to be burnt, not being 
permitted to use many words, only exhorting the people to remain 
in that faith and true doctrine which he before had taught, and for 
the confirmation thereof, was not only content patiently to suffer 
and bear all the bitterness and cruelty heaped upon him, but also 
most gladly to resign his life, and give his flesh to the consum- 
ing fire, a testimony of the same. 

Woodroofe asked him, if he would revoke his abominable 
doctrine and evil opinion of the sacrament of the altar ? He 
answered, " That which I have preached, will I seal with my 
blood ! " then quoth Woodroofe, " thou art a heretic I " " That 
shall be known at the day of judgment I " replied he, " Well," 
quoth Woodroofe, " I will never pray for thee," " But I will pray 
for you," said Rogers ; so he was carried to Smithfield, saying the 
Psalm " Miserere " by the way ; immense crowds collecting to see 
him pass, rejoicing and giving thanks to God for his constancy ; 
among them, his \yi fe an d l en_ sraalljc h i Idren , one an infant at the 
breast, they too, joined in the acclamations to strengthen his 
courage, " comforting him in such a manner as if led to a wed- 
ding." 

A little before burning at the stake, a pardon was offered, if he 
would recant, but utterly refused. There, in the presence of 
Rochester, Comptroller of the Queen's household. Sir Richard 
Southwell, both the Sheriffs, and a great concourse of people, the 
fire was put to him ; and when it had fallen hold of his legs and 
shoulders, like one feefing no smart, he washed his hands in the 
flame, as in cold water, and lifting them toward heaven, until 
entirely consumed by the devouring fire, most mildly this happy 
martyr yielded his spirit into the hands of his Heavenly Father. 

He was the first of all that blessed company which suffered in 
Queen Mary's time, and styled the Proto-Martyr.* 

*Foxe's Acts and Monuments. — Burnet's History of the Reformation. — 



116 Memoir of Rev. Natlianiel Rogers^ Family. [April, 

The names of only these two children of John Rogers the Proto- 
Martyr are now known. 
(2.) I. D ANIEL,! (was the name of one son according to Foxe. ) 

Another son was, 
(3.) II. REV. RICHARD ROGERS,i educated at Cambridge, 
and afterward for many years the minister at Wethersfield, Essex. 
He was a zealous, faithful and profitable laborer in the vineyard of 
the Lord for 46 years, a man of considerable learning, and a most 
humble, peaceable and exemplary life ; but a gi-eat sufferer for 
non-conformity ; in the year 1583, upon the publication of Arch- 
bishop Whitgift's three articles, and the severities accompanying 
them, Mr. Rogers with twenty-six of his brethren, all ministers of 
Essex, presented their petition to the Lords of the Council for 
relief ; this does not seem to have produced the desired effect, for 
Whitgift suspended and silenced them all, and protested that not 
one of them should preach without subscription and an exact 
conformity. 

They continued to experience the same treatment, as appears 
from an account, wherein it is said, " that thirty-eight ministers, 
denominated the learned and painful ministers of Essex, were 
oftentimes troubled and molested for refusing to subscribe, to wear 
the surplice or use the cross in baptism." Though this Divine 
suffered his share from these tyrannical proceedings, he was after- 
ward sheltered by a most worthy patron. Sir Robert Wroth, 
who warmly espoused his cause, and notwithstanding the pro- 
testation and censure of the Archbishop, ordered him to renew 
his preaching, and he would stand forward in his defence. Af- 
ter enduring suspension about eight months, he was restored to 
his ministry, the peaceful exercise of which he continued for many 
years, under his protection, to enjoy. 

Being particularly anxious to obtain a more pure reformation 
of the church, he united with many of his brethren in subscribin: 
the Book of Discipline. 

In the year 1603, with six other ministers, he again felt the 
weight of the Archbishop's outstretched arm ; and for refusing to 
take the oath ex officio, they were all suspended, upon which, they 
were further summoned to appear before his Lordship, but it i; 
said, the Archbishop died upon the very day of their appearance, 
when they were discharged by the rest of the Commissioners. In 
the following year they were exceedingly molested by Bancroft. 
Whitgift's successor, during the whole summer, being continually 
cited before him; which in addition to many other hardships, 
caused them to take numerous long and expensive journies. In 
these tribulations, he bore an equal part with his brethren 
Dr. Ravio succeeded Bancroft in the diocese of London, anc 
appears to have been of the same cruel persecuting spirit as hi^ 

Brandt's History of tlie Reformation. — Fiihcr's Worthies of England.— 
Heroology. — Anderson's Annals of the English Bible, and Introduction o 
the Bible and its Consequences. 



1851.] Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers* Family. Ill 

predecessor. He was no sooner seated in his Episcopal chair, 
than he began to prosecute the non-conformists ; among others, 
he cited Mr. Rogers to appear before him, and protested in his 
presence saying, " By the help of Jesus, I will not leave one 
preacher in my diocese who doth not subscribe and conform ; " 
but poor man I he died soon after and so was disappointed. 

Mr. Rogers in his own private diary, April 25th, 1605, makes 
the following reflections : 

" I was much in prayer about my troubles, and my God granted me the 
desire of my heart. For by the favor and influence of William, Lord 
KnoUys, God hath to my own comfort, and the comfort of my people, de- 
livered me once more out of my troubles ; oh ! that I may make a " holy 
use of my liberty." " But it greatly troubles me," adds he that after labor- 
ing betwixt thirty and forty years in the ministry, I am accounted unwor- 
thy to preach, while so many idle and scandalous persons enjoy their ease 
and liberty." Upon Dr. Vauglian's translation to the See of London, 
and his restoration of many of the suspended ministers, he observes, 
May 30, 1606. ''If I preach no more, I heartily thank God for my lib- 
erty both at home and abroad for this year and a half, and I hope with 
some fruit. Tlie Bishop has been my friend." April 2, 1607. " This 
week came the painful news of our Bishop Vaughan's death, who for 
twenty eight months, being all the time he continued, he permitted all 
the godly ministers to live peaceably, and to enjoy liberty in their minis- 
try." On another occasion, having been in great danger of suspension, 
and many of his brethren being silenced, he makes this reflection : 
" By God's great mercy I have gained twelve weeks more liberty than I 
looked for. Therefore I have great cause to be content when silencing 
cometh, especially as many are silenced before me." 

He was living in the year 1612 ; but the exact period of 
his death is unknown. Mr. Knewstead preached his funeral 
sermon, and Mr. Stephen Marshall was his immediate successor 
at Wethersfield. He was eminently faithful and laborious in 
the ministry, and " the Lord honored none more in the conver- 
sion of souls : " — being styled the Enoch of his day, a man 
walking with God ; and he used to say, " I should be very sorry 
if every day were not employed as if it were my last." 

Bishop Kennet remarks, " that England hardly ever brought forth 
a man who walked more closely with God." He was always 
notable for seriousness and gra/ity in all kinds of society ; 
being once with a gentleman of respectability who said to him, 
" I like you and your company very well, only you are too pre- 
cise." " Oh sir," replied he, " I serve a precise God." 

He was author of a large work highly esteemed and still extant, entitled 
" Seven Treatises, or Scripture Directions leading to Happiness." Also, 
of a " Commentary on the Book of Judges." 1615. In his dedication of 
this work he says, that he has been in the ministry forty years. 

It is related of Rev. John Wilson, the first minister of Boston, 
Mass., New England, who came with Gov. Winthrop and his 
company, in 1630, that being forestalled in his prejudices against 
the Puritans, he declined their acquaintance, (though from his 
good conversation and exemplary life, he was accounted one him- 
2 



118 Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers^ Family. [April, 

self,) 'till going to a bookseller's shop to augment his well furnished 
library, he lighted on that famous book of Mr. Richard Rogers^ 
" The Seven Treatises," which when he had read, he so affected 
not only the matter but author, that he took a journey to Weth- 
ersfield on purpose to hear hini preach ; and when he had heard the 
words which fell from the lips of that worthy man, privately as 
-well as publicly, and compared them with the writings of Green- 
ham, Dod and Dent, he saw that those, nicknamed Puritans, were 
likely to be the most desirable companions for one intending his 
own everlasting happiness. 

This Mr. Wilson, was 3d son of Dr. Wilson, Prebend of St. 
Paul's, of Rochester, and of Windsor, and Rector of Cliff ; he 
was invited to succeed the eminent Mr. Jenkin in the ministry at 
Sudbury, with which he cheerfully complied, and the more readily, 
because of his opportunity to be near old Mr. Richard Rogers, 
from whom afterward, when on his death bed, he received a bles- 
sing among his children, one of whom. Rev. Ezekiel Rogers,^ (8) 
afterward married the Rev. Mr. Wilson's daughter, in New Eng- 
land. 

Mr. Richard Rogers was twice married ; Susan, his 2d wife, was 
widow of the Rev. John Ward, of Haverhill, Suffolk, England, 
and mother of the Rev. Nathaniel Ward of Ipswich, Mass. N. E. 
whose successor there, was Rev, Nathaniel Rogers,^ (H)- 

(4) HI. A SONi of the Proto-martyr, (Father of Rev. John 
Rogers,^ (10) of Dedham, Essex, England,) said to have died 
young, and whose name is now unknown. 

The children of REV. RICHARDi (3) of Wethersfield, Essex, 
England, were, 

(5) I. M ARY,^ " grand-daugliter of the Proto-martyr, John Rogers," m. 
Rev William Jenkin, of Sudbury, son of a gentleman of considerable estate 
at Folkstone, Kent, and educated at the University of Cambridge with a 
view to some preferment in the church. Being here placed under the 
celebrated Mr. Wm. Perkins, and soon becoming impressed with great 
seriousness, he embarked with the Puritans. His fatlier discovering this 
on his return home, and disliking that sort of people, was pleased to disin- 
herit him of the greatest part of his estate ; thus, young Jenkin was called 
to bear the yoke in his youth, and forsake father and mother, houses and 
lands, for his attachment to Christ and his cause. He trusted in the Lord 
and found him a constant friend. AVhen aware his company was disagreeable 
to his father, he removed to the house of Mr. Richard Kogers, the old Pu- 
ritan minister above named, where he diligently prosecuted his studies ; 
entering afterward upon the ministerial function, lie settled as a preacher, 
and died young, about the year 1018, leaving one son, whom, the grand- 
father softened by his son's death took the charge of. 

Tlie child lived witli liim 'till nine years of age, when his pious 
mother fearing he would be deprived of a religious education, sejit for him 
home, though in so doing, she greatly displeased the old gentleman. She 
however, carefully trained him to walk in the the steps of his forefathers. 

Xea^'s History of the Puritans. — Brook's Lives of the Puritans. — Mather's Mag- 
nalia Mass. Historical Collection. 



1851.] Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers'' 'Family. 119 

At the age of 14, he was sent to Cambridge, where he took the degree of 
M.A.— 

"In the last month of the reign of Charles 2d, William Jenkyn, an 
aged dissenting pastor of great note, who had been cruelly persecuted for 
no crime but that of worshipping God, according to the fashion followed 
throughout Protestant Europe, died of hardships and privations, in New- 
gate. The outbreak of popular sympathy could not be repressed. The 
corpse was followed to the grave by a train of a hundred and fifty coaches. 
Even courtiers looked sad. Even the unthinking King showed some signs 
of concern." 

A daughter, Elizabeth, (sister of Wm. Jenyn,) m. Rev. Thomas 
Cawton, an eminent Puritan minister in the time of the Commonwealth, 
who fled to Rotterdam in Holland, and became pastor of the English 
Church there, where he died in exile, in 1659. He was celebrated for his 
piety and literature, was an excellent logician, and an incomparable linguist, 
having an exact knowledge of the Greek, Hebrew, Chaldee, Syriac, and 
Arabic ; and familiar in tlie Dutch, Saxon, Italian and French languages. 

Their son, the Rev. Thomas Cawton, was also celebrated for his knowl- 
edge in the Oriental languages, he d. in 1G77. 

(6) II. Rev. Daniel Rogers,^ B.D., was born in 1573. He be- 
came minister of Haversham, Buckinghamshire, and afterward of 
Wethersfield, the place of his birth, and was persecuted by Arch- 
bishop Laud, for preaching against Arminianism and popish 
ceremonies. — 

He was a man of great abilities and great grace ; though his natural 
temper was such, that Mr. John Ward used to say, " My brother Rogers 
has grace enough for two men, but not enough for himself." He received 
the high applause of all who knew him, but always discovered a very low 
opinion of himself. He often said, as infirmities came upon him, " To 
die is work of itself ; " but as his end approached, became serene and happy, 
and exclaimed, " Oh glorious redemption." He died in 1G5 2, at eighty 
years of age. His fame and usefulness were great in his day, and he was 
classed among the learned writers and Fellows of Christ's College. There 
is a portrait of him in the library, Red-cross Street, London. 

His wife was Margaret Bishop. They left children. 1. Rev. Daniel, 
Rector of Wotton, Northamptonshire, m. 1st., Dorothy Bull, daughter of the 
then Mayor of Northampton, 2d wife was daughter of Reading, Counsellor 
at Law\ 2. Hannah, wife of Roger Cockington. 3. Rev. Samuel of 
Crees Church, London. 4. Mary. 5. Margaret. 

(7) III. EzRA,^ left no children. 

(8) IV. Rev. EzEKiEL RoGERS,2born A.D., 1590,_at Wethersfield, 
Essex, England. His early sparklings of witjjudgment and learn- 
ing, afforded his father no little satisfaction and expectation of 
proficiency ; at the age of 13, he entered Cambridge, where he 
took the degree of A.B., at Bennet's College, 1604, and of A. M., 
at Christ's, 1608. He soon afterwards became Chaplain in the 
family of Sir Francis Barrington (at Hatfield, Broad Oak, Essex,) 
famous for piety and learning; here, his preaching was acceptable ; 
and he improved to advantage the opportunity of acquaintance 

Calamy's Hfe of Baxter. — Neal's Hist, of the Puritans. — Brook's Hves of do. — 
Berry's Genealo^ncs of the county of Kent. — Memoir of Mrs Elizabeth Long. — Ma- 
caulay's History of Engliud, vol. L, chap. 3. 



120 Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers'' Family. [^P^i^ 

with the many distinguished persons resorting hither. After five 
or six yt'iira residence at this place, Sir Francis bestowed on him 
the benefice of Rowley in Yorkshire, in hopes that his more lively 
ministry might be particularly successful in awakening those 
drowsy corners of the North ; and accordingly, the service per- 
formed in this church situated in the centre of many villages was 
much frequented. 

Nevertheless, Mr. Rogers had much uneasiness in his mind about 
his own experience of those truths which he preached unto others, 
fearing, that notwithstanding his pathetical expressions wherewith 
his hearers were affected, that he was, himself, in his own soul, a 
stranger to that faith, repentance, and conversion, which he had 
impressed upon them ; at this he was much perplexed ; and be- 
cause there was no experienced minister in that part of the King- 
dom to whom he could confide his troubles, at last, hoping some 
satisfaction on this matter, either from his brother of Wethers- 
lield, or cousin of Dedham, he took a journey into Essex, on pur- 
pose to be resolved of his doubts. His design was, to have had 
an interview with his kinsman before his lecture began, but 
missing of that, he came in to the Assembly before the begin- 
ning of the sermon ; where he found, by the singular Providence 
of God, his doubts as punctually and exactly removed, as if the 
preacher had been acquainted with them beforehand. 

Being now satisfied with his own vocation, his ministry went 
on prosperously, and continued to be much frequented ; in the ex- 
ercise whereof, he once had an opportunity to preach in the stately 
Minster of York, on a public occasion, which he did with great 
approbation. 

Dr. Matthews was then Archbishop of York, permitting the use 
of those lectures which Archbishop Grindal had erected, whereby 
the light of the Gospel was marvellously diffused unto many 
places in darkness. All the pious ministers in this precinct had a 
meeting once a month, in some noted place, preaching by turns. 
Mr. Rogers bore his part in these lectures,, whilst Dr. Matthews 
lived ; from one of which, an accuser of the brethren, once went to 
the Archbishop, stating, that one of the preachers had made this 
petition in his prayer, " May the Almighty shut heaven against 
the Archbishop's Grace," whereat instead of being offended, as the 
reporter expected, he fell a laughing heartily — and answered, 
" these good men know well enough, that if I were gone to heaven, 
their exercises would soon be put down ; " — and it came to pass 
accordingly. 

Though possessing a lively spirit, his bodily health was feeble, 
causing him to study the science of Medicine, in which be ob- 
tained considerable knowledge. About this time, a serious acci- 
dent befel him, from the violent motion of his horse, occasioning 
the rupture of a blood vessel, but by carefully avoiding all society, 
and keeping privately in his chamb(M- a. few months, he was cured 
and returned to his family and employment. 

At last, the severity, wherewith subscription was then urged 



1851.] Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers' Family. 121 

put a period unto his twenty years' public ministry, although the 
man, by whom he was suspended, showed so much respect, as to 
allow the enjoyment of the profits of his Living, for two years 
afterward, and permitted him to substitute another as good as he 
was able, whereupon, he employed one Mr. Bishop, but he was 
also quickly silenced for refusing to read in public the censure cast 
upon Mr. Rogers. 

Foreseeing the storms likely in a few years to break upon the 
English nation ; with other prudent men, he proposed New Eng- 
land (whither his kinsman. Rev. Nath'l R. of Ipswich, Mass., had 
already preceded him in 1636) as a refuge from persecution ; he 
would have been accompanied by Sir Matthew Boynton and Sir 
William Constable, had not some singular providences prevented. 
Ships having been brought, by his discretion and influence, from 
London to Hull, to take in the passengers ; he set sail and arrived 
in this land of the Pilgrims in the Autumn of 1638, with 
many families (20 according to Winthrop, and 60 according to 
Johnson) of his Yorkshire friends, Godly men, and most of them 
of good estate. 

While lying at Boston, A.D., 1638, 10 mo. 2 day, he was desir- 
ous of partaking of the Lord's supper with the church there, (of 
which Rev. John Wilson was then pastor) and first imparted his 
desire to the elders ; having given them satisfaction, they acquaint- 
ed the church therewith, and before the sacrament, being called 
forth by the elders, he spoke to this effect, viz : 

" That he and his company had of a good time withdrawn themselves 
from the church communion of England, and that, for many corruptions 
which were among them. But 1st, he desired that he miglit not be mis- 
taken, as if he did condemn all there ; for he did acknowledge a S2:)ecial 
presence of God there, in three things. 1. In the soundness of doctrine 
in all fundamental truths. 2. In the excellency of ministerial gifts. 
3. In the blessing upon the same, for the w^ork of conversion, and for 
the power of religion, in all which there appeared more in England than 
in all the known world besides. Yet there are such corruptions, as since 
God let them see some light therein, they could not with safe conscience, 
join any longer with them. The first, is their National church ; second, 
their Hierarchy, wholly antichristian ; third, their dead service ; fourtli, their 
receiving, (nay compelling) all to partake of the seals ; fif'tli, their abuse ot 
excommunications, wherein they inwrap many a godly minister, by caus- 
ing him to pronounce their sentence, &c., they not knowing that the fear of 
excommunication lies in that. — " Hereupon they bewailed before the Lord 
their sinful partaking in these corruptions, and entered a covenant to walk 
together in all the ordinances," &c. 

" With this holy and humble people he made his progress to the 
North-eastward, and in April, 1639. commenced the settlement of 
a Town about 6 miles from Ipswich, (where his kinsman. Rev. 
Nath'l Rogers then preached) called Rowley, from the name of the 
place where he had been settled in Yorkshire, Old England ; 
here wanting room, they purchased some addition of the Town 
of Newbury ; yet they had a large length of land only for the mere 
2* 



122 Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers' Family. [April, 

covenioncy to the Town of Ipswich, by the which means they 
partook of the continued lecture of either Town. These people 
being very industrious every way, soon built many houses to the 
number of threescore families, and^t'^r^^ the first people that set vpon 
making cloth in this Western tvorld^ for which end they built a ful- 
ling-mill, and caused their little ones to be very diligent in spin- 
ning cotton wool ; many of them having been clothiers in England, 
'till their zeal to promote the Gospel of Christ, caused them to 
wander; and therefore they were no less industrious in gathering 
into church society ; there being scarce a man among tliem, but 
such as were meet to be living stones in this building, according 
to the judgment of man. They called to the office of Pastor this 
holy man of God, Mr. Ezekiel Rogers ; " — of whom Johnspn^n 
his Wonder-working Providence says : 

" Christ for this worke Rogers doth riches give, 

Rich graces fit his people for to feed, 
"Wealth to supply his wants whilst here he live, 

Free thou receivs't to serve his peoples need. 
England may mourne they thee no longer keep, 

English rejoice, Christ doth such worthyes raise, 
His Gospel preach, unfold his mysteries deep ; 

Weak dust made strong sets forth his maker's praise : 
"With fervent zealeand courage thou hast fought 

'Gainst that transformed Dragon and his hands, 
Snatcht forth the burning, thou poore soules hast caught, 

And freed thv flock from v>'olves devourin"; hands. 
Ezekiel mourn not, thou art severed farre. 

From thy deare Country to a desart land ; 
Christ call'd hath thee unto this worthy warre ; 

By him o'ercome, he holds thy Crowne in's hand," 

" After his arrival, he was earnestly solicited by Rev. Mr. Eaton 
and Mr. Davenport, to settle at New Haven, Connecticut, (Quin- 
ipiack) and they had so far prevailed with him, being newly 
come, and unacquainted with the state of the country, as they 
had engaged him ; yet being a very wise man, and considering 
that many of quality in England did depend on his choice of a 
fit place for them, he agreed upon such propositions and cautions, 
as though they promised to fulfil them all, (whereupon he sent 
divers of his people before winter) yet when it came to, they 
were not able to make good what they had promised. Where- 
upon he consulted with the Elders of the Bay, and by their advice, 
holding his former engagement released, he and his people 
took that place by Ipswich, and because some farms had been 
granted by Ipswich and Newbury, which would be prejudicial to 
their plantation, they bought out the owners, disbursing about 
X800 ; and he sent a pinnace to Quinipiack (New Haven,) to 
fetch back the rest of his people, but Mr. Eaton, Mr. Davenport, 
and others of Connecticut (being impatient of him and his peo- 
ple) staid the pinnace, and sent a messenger with letters of pur- 
pose to recover him again." 

" This made him to desire the elders to assemble again, and he 



1851.] Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers* Family. 123 

showed them the letters they sent, but he made the case so clear, 
by letters which had passed between them, &c., as they still free 
him from all engagement ; and so he returned answer to them, 
and went on with his plantation." 

On the 3d December, 1639, Mr. Rogers was installed Pastor 
over the church here, they having renewed their church-covenant 
and call of him to this office, according to the course of other 
churches. 

In 1643, 3 mo. 10 day. He preached the Election Sermon at Boston, in 
which he described how the man ought to be qualified, whom they should 
choose for Governor, dissuading earnestly from choosing the same man 
twice together, and expressed his dislike of that with such vehemence as 
gave offence, but when it came to trial, the former Governor Mr. Winthrop 
was chosen again. 

In 1647, 8 mo. 4 day. The Synod began at Cambridge ; the next day, 
Mr. Rogers preached in the forenoon, and the Magistrates and Deputies 
were present. In this sermon he took ocaasion to speak of the ^petitioners 
(then in question before the Court) and exhorted the Court to do justice 
upon them, yet with desire of favor to such as had been drawn in, &c., and 
should submit. He reproved also the practice of private members making 
speeches in the Churches and Assemblies to the disturbance and hindrance 
of the ordinances ; also the call for reviving the ancient practice in Eng- 
land of childrens' asking their parents' blessing on their knees, &c. 

Also he reproved the great oppressions in the country, &c., and other 
things amiss, as long hair, &c. — Divers were offended at his zeal in some 
of these passages. 

He was a man of undoubted piety, sound learning, zealous and 
persevering in his efforts to advance the cause of truth and holi- 
ness, and for a considerable portion of his life at least, of great 
influence. Strong and ardent in his passions, he was sometimes 
hurried from the staight line of Christian duty ; but such was his 
humility, that he was always ready to acknowledge his error and 
retrace his steps. 

His praise was in all the Churches about him, but especially his 
own, where his preaching, consisting peculiarly of the doctrine of 
regeneration and union to the Lord Jesus Christ by faith, was 
eminently successful. In the management of these points he had 
a noted faculty of penetrating into the souls of his hearers, and 
manifesting the very secrets of their hearts. His prayers and ser- 
mons would make such lively representations of the thoughts then 
working in the minds of his people, that it would amaze them to 
see their own condition so exactly represented. And his occa- 
sional discourses with his people, especially with the young, and 
most of all, such as had been by by their deceased parents 
recommended unto his watchful care, were marvellously profitable. 
" He was a tree of knowledge, but so laden with fruit, that he 
stooped for the very children to pick off the apples ready to drop 
into their mouths." Sometimes they would come to his house, a 
dozen in the evening, and palling them into his study one by one, 

* Keferring to the petition of Mr. Peter Hubbard, [Hobart] of Hingham, sent to 
England. Hutch., Hist. Mass. 



124 Memoir of Mev. Nathaniel Rogers^ Family, [April, 

he would examine them how they walked with God ? How they 
spent their time ? What good books they read ? Whether they 
prayed without ceasing ? And he would thereupon admonish 
them to take heed of such temptations and corruptions as he 
thought most endangered them. And if any differences had 
arisen among his people, he would forthwith send for them, to 
lay before him the reason thereof ; such was his interest in them 
that he usually stopped all their little contentions, before they 
could break out into any open flames. 

It is related that a traveller once passing through the town, in- 
quired of him, are you. Sir, the person who serves here ? To whom 
he replied, I am, Sir, the person who rules here. 

So prominent and commanding were his talents, that he was 
persuaded, to give a Lecture once in two weeks^ for the benefit of the 
inhabitants of other towns, as well as of his own ; which was 
well attended, and with great satisfaction and profit. But on 
account of this increased labor, a colleague was settled to as- 
sist him.* In the latter part of his life, he was subjected to 
many calamities. The rest of his time in this world was winter ; 
he saw more nights than days. The wife of his youth, Sarah 
Everard, (dau. of John Everard, citizen of London,) who ac- 
companied him from England, with all their children, he buried 

at the expiration of about ten years. A second wife 

(daughter of Rev. John Wilson, the first minister of Bstono 
Mass.,) with a child, he was soon called to follow to the 
grave. He married a third wife, widow of Thomas Barker of 
Rowley, who survived him about 17 years ; but the very night 
of this marriage, July 16th, 1651, his dwelling house, with all 
his goods, the Church records, and the library he brought from 
England, were consumed by fire. Soon after these events, a fall 
from his horse so injured his right arm, that it was ever after useless. 
All these distressing calamities befel this man of God in rapid 
succession, and within four or five years ; which, it might well be 
supposed, with the infirmities incident to advanced life, would ut- 
terly have broken down his spirits, and paralyzed all future efforts. 
But such were not their effects. He sustained them with Christ- 
ian fortitude and resignation. His house was rebuilt, his library 
replenished ; his left hand substituted for the right; his ministe- 
rial labors continued ; and his heart still set on doing good, and 
promoting the honor of God. 

* In June, 1651, Rev. Sam'l Phillips, son of Rev. Geo. P. of Watertown, was ordain- 
edjhere colleague pastor with the Rev. Mr. R. ; he was highly esteemed for his piety 
and talents, which were of no common order. 

Mr. John Miller, one of the first settlers of the town, was a minister of the Gospel 
and an assistant of Mr. R. for a])Out two years after his installation. He was desig- 
nated with two others, in 1G41, by the Elders, at a meeting in Boston, to go as a mission- 
ary to Virginia. This service he declined, and was soon after settled at Yarmouth, 
from thence he eventually removed to Groton, where he died, in 166o. Mr. R. was after- 
wards assisted in the ministry by Mr, John Brock, a native of Suffolk Co., England. 
He was born 1620, and came to this country when about 17 years of age. He was 
graduated at Harv. Coll., in 1646 ; commenced preaching here in 1648, and left for the 
Isle of Shoals about 1650. In 1662, he returned, and was settled at Reading, where 
hod. 1688, JE 68 years. 



1851.] Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers^ Family, 125 

4iLeLaiiiii^ering.iIliies,he died Jan. 23d5 1660, in the 70th year 
of his age, and 22d of his ministry in Rowley. His remains were 
interred in the grave yard in this vicinity. He left no issue. 

" Because 'twill give some illustration of our Church history, 
as well as notably describe the excellent and exemplary spirit of 
this good man, and it has been sometimes stated, ' Optima historia 
est historia epistolaris.'' There is here inserted a letter (written 
with his left hand,) unto a worthy minister in Charlestown, 
(Rev. Zechariah Symmes,) under date of the 1st, of the 12th 
mo. 1657." 

Dear Brother: — Though I have now done my errand in the other 
paper, yet inethinks I am not satisfied to leave you so suddenly, so barely. 
Let us hear from you I pray you. Doth your ministry go on comfortably? 
Find you fruit of your labors ? Are new converts brought in ? Do your 
children and family grow more godly ? I find greatest trouble and grief 
about the rising generation. Young peo|)le are little stirred here ; but 
they strengthen one another in evil, by example, by council. Much ado 
I have with my own family ; hard to get a servant that is glad of cate- 
chising, or family duties. I had a rare blessing of servants in York- 
shire ; and those I brought over were a blessing ; but the young 
brood doth much afflict me. Even the children of the godly, liere and 
elsewhere, make a woful proof, so that I tremble to think what will become 
of this glorious work, when the ancients are gathered unto their fathers ; I 
fear grace and blessing will die with them, if the Lord do not show some 
signs of displeasure, even in our days. We grow worldly everywhere ; 
methinks I see little godliness, but all in a hurry about the world ; every 
one for himself ; little care of public or common good. It hath been 
God's way, not to send sweeping judgments when the magistrates are 
godly, and grow more so. I beseech all the Bay ministers to call earnestly 
upon magistrates, (that are often among them,) tell them that their godli- 
ness will be our protection. If they fail, I shall fear some sweeping judg- 
ments shortly ; the clouds seem to be gathering. 

I am hastening home, and grow very asthmatical and short breathed. 
Oh ! that I might see some signs of good to the generations following, to 
send me away rejoicing ! Thus I could weary you and myself, and my 
left hand, but I break off suddenly, O good brother, I thank God, I am 
near home ; and you too are not far off. Oh ! the weight of glory that is 
ready waiting for us, God's poor exiles ! We shall sit next the martyrs 
and confessors. Oh the embraces wherewith Christ will embrace us ! 
Cheer up your spirits in the thoughts thereof ; and let us be zealous for 
our God and Christ, and make a conclusion. Now the Lord bring us well 
through our poor pilgrimage. 

Your affectionate brother, 

EzEKiEL Rogers." 

THE REV. EZEKIEL ROGERS' WILL. 

I, EzEKTEL Rogers, born at Wethersfield, in Essex, in Old England, 
now of Rowley, in Essex, in New England, being at this time of good 
memory and competent health through God's mercy ; yet not knowing 
when the Lord may be pleased to put an end to this pilgrimage, do ordain 
and make this my last will and testament. And first, I will and desire 
everlasting praises be given to the One holy God in Jesus Christ, as for 
all his mercies to me, which are innumerable, so for these three special 



126 Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers' Family. [k-Y^nX^ 

blessings. First, for my nurture and education under such a Father, Mr. 
Richard Rogers, in catechism, and knowledge of the holy Scriptures, the 
want whereof I see to be the main cause of the errors of the times. 
Secondly, that whereas, 'till I was about twenty years of age, I made but 
ill use of my knowledge, but lived in a formal profession of religion, the 
Lord was pleased by occasion of a sore sickness which was like to be death, 
to make me see the worth and need of Christ, and to take such hold of him 
as that I never could let him go to this hour, whereby I am now encour- 
aged to bequeath and commit my soul into his hands who hath redeemed it, 
and my bod}'- to the earth ; since he will give me with these very eyes to 
see my Redeemer. Thirdly, for my calling, even to be a minister of the 
Gospel, the most glorious calling in the world, which the Lord brought 
[me] into, not without diihculty. for my [day] being in the time of the 
hottest persecution of that bloody hierarchy, and being enlightened con- 
cerning the evil and snare of subscri})tion and ceremonies, I was advised to 
give over the thought of the ministry, and to betake myself to the study 
and practice of physic ; but the Lord mercifully prevented that ; for 
though it be a good and necessary calling, I have observed that the most, 
through their own corruption, have made it to themselves, the very temp- 
tation to covetousness, or lust, or both. I therefore chose rather to lie hid 
about a dozen years in an honorable family, exercising myself in minis- 
terial duties for about a dozen years after my leaving the University. 
Then the Lord gave me a call to a public charge at Rowley, in York.-hire, 
where, by the gentleness of Toby Mathew, I was favored both for sub- 
scription and ceremonies, and enjoyed my liberty in the ministry about 
seventeen years in comfortable sort, 'till for refusing to read that accursed 
hook that allowed sports on God's holy Sabbath, or Lord's day^ 1 was sus- 
pended, and by it and other sad siyns of the times driven, with many of 
my hearers, into New England, where I have lived in my pastoral office 
about [twenty one] years, with much rest and comfort, believing the way 
of the churches here, to be according to the present light that God hath 
given, the purest in the whole world. Now age and infirmities calling 
upon me to look daily for my change, I profess myself to have lived and 
to die an unfeigned hater of all the base opinions of the Anabaptists, and 
Antinomians, and all other phrenetics, dolays of the times, that spring from 
thence, which God will ere long, cause to be as dung on the earth. I do 
also protest against all the evil fashions and guises of this age, both in 
apparel and that general disguisement of long ruffian-like hair, a custom 
most generally taken up at that time, when the grave and modest w^earing 
of hair was a part of the reproach of Christ, as appears by the term of 
roundheads, and was carried on with a high hand, notwithstanding the 
known offence of so many godly persons, and without public expression of 
their reason for any such liberty taken. 

As for my estate, I will and dispose thereof as followeth : 
First, I do bequeath and give to my well beloved wife, Mary Rogers, 
my dwelling house, barn, and all the outhouses ; also, my orchard, gardens, 
and the yards belonging, and pasturage adjoining to the orchard on both 
sides of the brook ; also, the hemp yard, also the up})er house-lot on the 
other side of the highway, with all the land and horse pasture adjoining to 
the same land ; I give her also six acres of arable land, by the house of 
P^zekiel Northend, and my part of the warehouse pasture ; also, I give her 
hay-ground salt and fresh, so much as my overseers shall judge sufficient 
to afford one year Avith another, thirty loads of hay, and where she will 
choose it, and all this only for her natural life. Also I give to my said 
wife all my goods, household stuff, cattle, corn, and all my stock whatsoever. 



1851.] Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers' Famihj. 127 

I give to mj loving nephew, Mr. Samuel Stone, of Connecticut, thirty 
pounds. "^^ 

I give to my cousin, his son John, ten pounds. 

I give to my dear brother and fellow officer, Mr. Phillips, five pounds, 
and Aquinas his works in folio. 

I give to my sometime servant, Elizabeth Jenny, alias Parrot, ten 
pounds. 

To my loving neice, Mrs. Mary Watosius, of Maiden, in Essex, in 
Old England, I give ten pounds. 

To my loving neice, Mrs. Eliza Cawton, wife of the preacher of Rot- 
terdam, in Holland, I give ten pounds. 

I give to the wife of my cousin Rogers of Billerica, five pounds. 

I give to my two present maid-servants, each of them, one ewe lamb. 

All and every of these several legacies I will to be paid within one year 
after my death, except that into England and Holland, which shall be 
ready to be paid as soon as they shall appoint and empower any from 
themselves, or any merchant or merchants here, that may receive it in their 
behalf, and for their uses, and give a full acquittance, as empowered from 
them, that so my executrix or overseers may be fully discharged thereof. 

I give all my Latin Books to Harvard College in Cambridge, and some 
English books as appears in the catalogue. 

Item. The rest of my estate in lands, that are not given unto my wife, 
during her natural life, that is, the land at })lanting-hill, the land called 
Shattowell's ground, and all the rest, be it meadow, fresh or salt, or other 
upland whatever, and one third part of gates or commonage, I give to the 
church and town of Rowley ; upon condition, that they pay, or cause 
to be paid, or legally tendered, unto Ezekiel Rogers, the son of Mr. Na- 
thaniel Rogers, late pastor of the church of Ipswich deceased, the full sum 
of eight score pounds in country pay ; the one half, that is to say, four score 
pounds, within one year after my death, the other four score pounds, to be 
paid the next year after, that is, within the two years after my death. 

And I entreat and appoint Mr. John Whipple, of Ipswich, the ruling 
elder, to be guardian for Ezekiel Rogers to receive, or caused to be re- 
ceived, this above said eight score pounds, and to give unto the church or 
town of Rowley, a full discharge and acquittance upon the receiving thereof; 
and in case the church and town of Rowley pay not the above said eight 
score pounds, my will is, that the above said lands, that are not given unto 
my wife, shall be assigned and set over by my overseers unto Ezekiel, for 
the above said payment. 

l^rovided also, it shall not be in the liberty of the church or town of 
Rowley, to give, sell or alien those lands or any part thereof, or appropri- 
ate them or any part of them, to any other end or use, than for this, for the 
better enabling them to carry on the ministry forever. 

Also, all my houses, barns, and orchard, and all my lands, pastures and 
commonages and meadows, which I have given unto my wife Mary 
Rogers, during her natural life, after her decease, I do bequeath and give 
unto the church and town of Rowley, to enable them the better to main- 
tain two teaching elders, (i. e. pastor and teacher) in the church forever, 
and upon that condition do I give them ; the time which I allow^ them for 
the settling of an elder shall be four years, and so from time to time as 
God makes any changes either by death or removal, or any other way ; 
and in case that the church or town of Rowley fail of the condition of pro- 
viding themselves of two teaching elders, according to the time prefixed, 
that is, within four years after they have this to enable them the better, 
and so from time to time within the said time of four years after God by 



128 Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers' Family. [April, 

his providence have made any change, my will is, that the above said 
housing and lands shall be to the use of Harvard College, at Cambridge, 
in New England.* 

I give also to the Church my silver bowls, which they use for the com- 
munion, to be so used still, after my wife's decease. 

And I make and appoint my said well-beloved wife, the sole executrix 
of this my will and testament. 

And I appoint Maximilian Jewett and Samuel Brocklebank, to be over- 
seers of this my will and testament. 

Made and signed, the 17th of April, IGGO. 

EzEKiEL Rogers. 
Witnessed by us, 
Samuel Brocklebank, 
Maximilian Jewett, 
John Broclebank. 

Sworn in Court by Maximilian Jewett and Samuel Brocklebank, to be 
the last will and testament of Mr. Ezekiel Rogers. 

Robert Lord, Clerh. 

John Brocklebank, sworn to the same in Court at Ipswich, the 26th 
March, 1G61. 

By me, Robert Lord, Clerh. 

(9) V. Nathaniel,^ left no children. 

A SON^ (4) of the Proto-martyr, was father of 

(10) REV. JOHN ROGERS^ educated in the University of 

(11) Cambridge, and for many years a famous preacher of Ded- 

ham, Essex, Old England. 

He was nephew of Rev. Richard Rogers,^ of Wethersfield, Es- 
sex, (3) and, having lost his parents in early years, encour- 
aged in his studies and supported by him at the University. 
He was at first so wild as to sell his books and spend the money 
nothwithstanding this, his kinsman procured a fresh stock, and 
sent him again to Cambridge ; not amending, but selling his 
books and spending the money as before, JVIr. Rogers determined 
to cast him off ; his wife, however, a prudent woman, persuaded 
him to make another trial ; he was sent a third time to the Uni- 
versity, with books, and the grace of God changing his heart, 
became an illustrious ornament to the College and a man of most 
exemplary piety. Afterward, Mr. Rogers seeing what God hac 
done for his kinsman, used to say, " I will never despak of an} 
man for John Rogers' sake." 

Becoming Vicar of Hemingham, Norfolk, in 1592, he contin- 
ued there sometime, and was afterward minister of Haverhill. 
Suffolk, whence he removed to Dedham, Essex, passing then 
the remainder of his days. 

* After 1769, the church and town of Rowley continued more than four years witli 
out two teaching; ehli'rs, and the Corporation of the CoUcffe took possession of th( 
lands, and after some trials at law, maintained their title. The property thus acquir 
ed was sold in 1785, and the proceeds vested in an estate in Waltham, which ha^ 
recently been sold for $5000 — .Prest. Quincy's History of Harvard University. 

Mathers' Manrnalia. — Neal's History of the Puritans, — Brook's Lives of the Puritan^ 
Mass. Hist. c:ollections. — Eliot's Biographical Dictionary. — Gage's History o 
Eowlcy. — Savage's Wiuthrop. 



.1851.] 3Iemoir of Rev. N'atJianiel Rogers'' Family, 129 

As a divine, he was grave and judicious, and one of the nnost 
popular, powerful and successful preachers of the age. His great 
gift lay in the delivery of the solid truth, with a peculiar gesture 
and elocution, so that few heard him without trembling at the 
Word of God ; his labors were blest in awakening careless sin- 
ners ; and it was a saying of Bishop Brownrigg, " that he did 
more good with his wild notes, than we Bishops with our set 
music." 

On lecture day his congregation was gathered from all the 
country 'round, his church thronged and crowded, insomuch that 
many could not gain admitance. Yet his great usefulness could 
not screen him from the suspensions and deprivations, which 
were the portion of the Puritans of those times, when great num- 
bers of the most laborious and useful preachers, in all parts of 
the country, were buried in silence, and forced to abscond the 
fury of the High Commission. 

Being a thorough Puritan, yet of a most humble and peacea- 
ble behavior, in the year 1629, for refusing conformity to the ty- 
rannical and superstitious imposition of Bishop Laud, his lecture 
was suppressed. This was a great affliction, and concerning that 
imposition, Mr. Rogers used to say : 

" Let them take me and hang me up by the neck, if they will but re- 
move those stumbling blocks out of the Church." His resolutions about 
subscribing, are in his own words, " If I come into trouble for non- 
conformity, I resolve by God's assistance, to come away with a clear con- 
science ; for though the liberty of my ministry be dear to me, I dare not 
buy it at such a rate. I am troubled at my former subscription, but I 
saw men of good gifts, and of good hearts, (as I thought) go before me, 
and I could not prove that there was any thing contrary to the Word of 
God; though I disliked the ceremonies, and knew them to be unprofitable 
burdens of the Church of God ; but if I am urged again I never will 
yield ; it was my weakness before, as I now conceive, which I beseech 
God to pardon. Written in 1627." But after this he was again overtaken 
and yielded, which almost broke his heart ; he adds : " For this I smarted, 
1631. If I had read over this, [my former resolution] it may be I had 
not done what I did." 

How severe are such trials to a poor man, with a numerous 
family of children, and how sore the distresses of a wounded 
conscience. 

Of his peculiar and impressive manner of preaching, the fol- 
lowing is an instance, related by the gi-eat Dr. Howe, when 
preaching on the Divine authority of the sacred Scriptures. The 
circumstance was related to Dr. Howe by Dr. Thomas Goodwin, 
" sometime President of Magdalen College, in Oxford," who 
being in his youth a student at Cambridge, and having heard 
mucli of Mr. Rogers, of Dedham, purposely took a journey to hear 
him preach on his lecture day. The lecture being then so fre- 
quented, that to those who came not early, there was no possibil- 
ity of getting room in that very spacious church. 
3 




kj 



130 Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers* Family. [April, 

INIr. Rogers was at the time on the subject of the Scriptures, 
and in the course of his sermon, he falls into an expostulation 
with the people about their neglect of the Bible ; he personates 
God to the people, telling them — 

"Well, I have trusted you so long with my Bible, you have slighted it; 
it lies in such and such houses, covered with dust and cobwebs ; you care 
not to look at it. Do you use my Bible so ? Well, you shall have my 
Bible no longer I " And he takes up the Bible from the cushion and 
seems as if going away ^vith it; but immediately turns again, and 
personates the people to God, falls down upon his knees, cries and 
pleads most earnestly, — " Lord, whatever thou doest to us, take not thy 
Bible from us ; kill our children, burn our houses, destroy our goods, only 
spare us our Bible ! " And he personates God again to the people, " say 
you so ? Well, I will try you a little longer, and here is my Bible for 
you ; I will see how you will use it, whether you wdll love it more and 
live more according to it ! " 

By these actions, the congregation were remarkably affected. 
The people were generally deluged with tears ; and Goodwin 
himself, when he got out, and was to take horse to be gone, was 
fain to hang a quarter of an hour on the neck of his horse weep- 
ing, before he had power to mount, so strange an impression was 
there made upon him, and generally upon the people, on having 
been thus expostulated with on the neglect of the Bible. 

The following letter to Mr. John Winthrop, jr., (afterward 
Gov. of Connecticut,) at Bristol, about embarking for New Eng- 
land, will serve to show his sympathies with the sufferings of 
others : 

jGood Mr. Winthrop, — 

I hope you have my letters with certain moneys that I sent to en- 
treat, of all love to provide some little matter of butter and meal for such 
as I named, wherein I earnestly entreat your loving faithfulness and care to 
procure and direct it to them, to JetFrey Kuggles, late of Sudbury, — he 
is the chief, but this day I have received so lamentable a letter from one 
John Page, late of Dedham, that liath his w^ife and two children there, 
and he certifies me, that unless God stirs up some friends to send him 
some provision, he is like to starve. Now I pity the man much, and have 
sent you twenty shillings, entreating you, for God's sake, to provide such 
a* barrel of meal as this money will reach unto, and direct it over to John 
Page, Avith this my letter enclosed. In which I pray God to move your 
heart to be very careful, for it stands upon their lives ; and it cuts me to 
the heart to hear that any of our neiglibours should be like to famish. If 
we could possibly help to prevent it, 1 should be glad, so ceasing to trouble 
you farther, I commend you, and the weighty business you are about, to 
the blessing of Almiglity God, who speed it ha])pily. 

I sent a letter to your father, wliich was directed to Mr. Ilarwood, I 
beseech you to be a help to the safe sending of it. / 

Your Worship's in the Lord, ^ 

John Rogers. 

Among his friends and acquaintance, were many of the 



1851.] Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers' Family. 131 

earliest New England Divines, who emigrated to this coun- 
try, and especially Rev. INIr. Hooker, of Connecticut, who 
was accustomed to call him " the Prince of all the preachers of 
England." 

His method as a writer is proper, his language familiar yet 
often energetic, and his strain evangelical, animated, and exper- 
imental. He was author of several excellent treatises, partic- 
ularly an Exposition of the 1st epistle of Peter, an edition of 
which, published in 1659, contains his portrait. The editor says : 
" His name is a sweet savour poured forth, and his praise among 
the saints is in all the churches ; his words were as sparks of fire, 
and he was both a Boanerges, a son of thunder, and a Barnabas, 
a son of consolation." 

A work entitled the " Doctrine of Faith," (the eighth edition 
of which was published at London, 1640,) was dedicated to "the 
Right worshipfull the Lady Mildmay, of Graces, and to Mistris 
Helen Bacon, of Shribland Hall, and to Mistris Gurdon wife to 
Master Brampton Gurdon, of Assington, (whose daughter Mariel, 
m. Richard, eldest son of Sir Richard Saltonstall, who returned 
from Newto Old England, 1631,) her sisters^" of whom he observes, 
" I have also had exceeding great experience of your love, both 
to me and to my Ministerie, and am much bound unto you 
all." Sir Henry Mildmay, (husband of the above lady Mildmay, 
and son of Sir Thomas Mildmay and Alice Winthrop sister of 
Adam, father of Gov. Winthrop,) was one of those few worthies, 
whose mansions afforded a secure asylum for the persecuted 
Puritans, where was kept alive the flame of religion, which, 
but for their efforts would have died out during this (James I.) 
reign. 

Other works were the " Treatise of Love," and " Sixty memorials 
for a Godly life," written at Haverhill, in 1598. They are worthy 
of a careful perusal and study, and may be found entire in the 
Magnalia of Dr. Cotton Mather, of Boston, N. E., they have 
also been published in Old England, with other extracts from 
eminent Divines, in a miniature volume entitled, " A brief Direc- 
tory for Evangelical ministers." 

Mr. Rogers* was thrice married, the name of his 1st wife is 
unknown, his 2d was Elizabeth Gold, widow of John Hawes, 
his third was Dorothy Stanton, widow of Richard Wiseman, of 
Wigborough, Essex. 

He died in 1636. The Rev. John Knowles was present, who 
preached his funeral sermon. 

In the village burial-ground, at Dedham, in Essex, Old England, 

Mather's Magnalia. — Neal's History of the Puritans. — Brook's Lives 
of the Puritans. — Mass. Hist. Coll. — Savage's Winthrop. — Memoir of 
Mrs. Long. — Hutchinson's History of Mass. 

'^ An oridnal portrait, painted in 1623 in an exccllont state of preservation, proba- 
bly hrou<:ht from Enixland by his son llev. Nathaniel, (11) is in possession of a de- 
scendant at Eliot, Me. 



132 Memoir of Rev. Natltayiiel Bog ern' Family. [April, 

is yot visible among the most striking monuments, one with this 
Inscription : 

Johannes Rofjerslus, 
Hie qnam 
Praedlcavit expectat 
Kessurectionem 

Oct 8: 
Domini 1636. 

yEtatis 65 

l\Iiriisterii 42 

Huic Ecclesia3 31 

Obiit 

Hie afTcct sincerl 

SymV)olum posuit 

Geo. Dunne ehiiur^. bonis. 

^ HEV. J0HN,2 (10) of Dcdham, and 2d wife ELIZABETH 
GOLD, had children, 

(11) I. REV. NATIIANIEL,3 (a second son) born while 

(14) his father was settled at Haverhill, about 1598 ; educated 
at the Grammar School of Dedham, 'till about the age of four- 
teen, when he entered Emanuel College, Cambridge, making here 
great proficiency in Academic learning ; there was added to all 
this the fear of God, implanted by the counsels of his pious moth- 
er while he sat on her knees, and by his holy father as he came 
to riper years ; and from childhood he gave proof of the blessing 
of God on his parents' care to instruct him that he might be wise 
unto salvation. 

Being accustomed from early youth to very serious devotiona 
exercises, both social and private, and having in the hurry of his 
avocations gone abroad one morning before engaging in his usu- 
al services, his horse happened to stumble in a plain road, caus- 
ing a dangerous fall, by which he w^as much bruised ; this awak- 
ened a reflection on the omission in the morning, so that for the 
rest of his life he was careful to neglect none of his daily devo- 
tions for the sake of mere temporal calls. 

Though of a pleasant and cheerful disposition, yet sometimes 
he was inclined unto melancholy, attended and perhaps produc- 
tive, in his own mind, about his interest in the favor of God, 
Whence, after having been a preacher of some standing, he hacs 
anxious doubts about his own regeneration, concluding that n< 
grace of God had ever been \\Tought in him, whereupon a minis 
ter, his near friend, gave him this advice, " to let all go for lost anc 
begin again on a new foundation." But upon recollecting him 
self, he found that he could not forego, and might not renounc 
all liis })lessed experience, and so his doubts expired. 

The first sermon which he ever pr(\U'hed, was at Sproughton 
in Norfolk, " mens : 11 (.January) d. 23. 1G19." 

He engages as Chaplain to a person of quality, and afterl 
ward undertakes the charge of a large congregation at Bockiii J 
in Ess(^x, inider Dr. Barkliam, not however without the surprisJ 
of many, that the son " of the most noted Puritan in ]^higland,[ 
should be employed by an Episcopal Doctor, so high in favoul 



1851.] 3femoir of Rev. Natltaniel Rogers'' Family, 183 

with Bishop Laud, but Dr. Barkham, a good preacher himself, was 
willing to gratify the religious predilections of his parishioners ; 
although Mr. Rogers did three quarters of the work, the Dr. would 
not spare a tenth of his revenues, which from his divers livings 
amounted to nearly a thousand a year, but was otherwise exceed- 
ingly courteous ; the parishioners, however, testified their afiec- 
tion, by maintaining him at their own expense. 

On turning his attention to the controverted points of disci- 
pline, which had occasioned his father so much perplexity and 
trouble to ascertain the clear path of duty, he confers with the 
Rev. Mr. Hooker, of Chelmsford, on the ground of his dissatisfac- 
tion at the ceremonies imposed, and soon afterward being present 
at the funeral of a distinguished person. Dr. Barkham was dis- 
pleased because he did not wear the surplice ; not wishing public- 
ly to affront, he privately advised him to seek some other place. 

The living at Assington, in Suffolk, being now vacant, was be- 
stowed on him by the Bishop of Norwich, where he remained 
quietly, five years ; while here it was said in a publication by 
an eminent person, " Mr. Nathaniel Rogers, a man so able and 
so judicious in soul work, that I would have betrusted my soul 
with him as soon as with any man in the Church of Christ." 
Here his ministry was highly respected and very successful among 
all classes, not only in the town but in the neighbourhood. 

" He was a lively preacher and by his holy living so farther 
preached as to give much life unto all his other preaching. 
There was usually every Lord's day a gi'eater number of hearers 
than could crowd into the Church, and of those many ignorant 
ones were instructed, many ungodly ones converted, and many 
sorrowful ones comforted. Thouarh not havinsr his father's voice 

O O 

he was considered to have ministerial abilities in some respects 
beyond him; and his labors were such as to impair his health, 
while his eloquence was as arrows in the hands of a mighty man 
and he knew not only how to build the temple but to carve it!" 

It was the resolution of the Hierarchy that the ministers who 
would not conform to their impositions must be silenced all over 
the Kingdom: perceiving the storm approach, he chose to prevent 
the censures of the Ecclesiastical Courts, and resigned his place to 
the Patron, in order that some Godly conformist might be there- 
with invested. Nevertheless his conscience would not allow him 
wholly to lay down the exercise of his ministry, so he resolved on 
removing to New England. 

His father-in-law, a gentleman of Coggeshall, in Essex, of a 
very considerable estate, would gladly have maintained him and 
his family, if he would have staid at home, but seeing his mind 
bent on the New England voyage, he durst not oppose it. He was 
by no means fitted to encounter the hardships of the journey, but 
with his wife and young family foregoing all worldly advantages, 
embarked and sailed from Gravesend, for Boston ; his convictions 
and resolutions sustaining him through a most tedious passage, 
without any disaster, for although nine or ten weeks, was the or- 
3* 



134 3Iemolr of Rev. Nathaniel Bogeri Family. [April, 

dinary length of the trip in those times, they were twenty four 
loeeks n\)on the water; the winds continuing so contrary after 
reaching the Banks of New-Foundland, tliat they held a consul- 
tation on returning to Old England ; but appointing a day of 
fasting and prayer, the weather soon after cleared up, and the 
wind hauling fair, they arrived all in good health, in November, 
1636, after having been on allowance of half a pint of water 
a man, and short of all other provision. 

Mr. Rogers was discouraged on his arrival, to find the Colony 
thrown into a great state of excitement by the Familistical opin- 
ions, which had occasioned so much disturbance as to engage all 
persons on one side or other of the controversy, all the country 
over ; but it was settled peaceably by a Synod, convened at Cam- 
bridge the next year, whereat with Rev. Mr. Partridge of Duxbury, 
(who came over in the same ship) he contributed largely by 
judicious discourses and collations. 

The first invitation extended him, was to settle at Dorchester, 
Massachusetts, near where part of the good men who came with 
him, among whom were some of his father's parishioners, re- 
mained, and from the name of their native town in Old England, 
called the place Dedham. With the rest, who could not all here 
be conveniently accommodated, he settled at Ipswich, Mass.^ 
having been invited to take the place of Rev. Nathaniel Ward 
(well known as author of the " Cobbler of Agawam '') about 
being released from his engagement on account of his health 
" in whose stead the Church called to office this holy man of 
God, whose labours in this Western world have been very gi'cat, 
a very sweet heavenly minded man," of whom Johnson in hir 
Wonder-working Providence further says : 

" Through boystrous Seas thy brittle frame of Man 
It safely is in Christ's sweet armes infold, 
No wonder then thou weak dust stotely can, 

Preach Clirists in 's truths why he doth thee uphold ? 
Why Rogers he thee over Sea hath fett 

Against the day of Battell, now at hand, 
No sooner are thy feet one those shores set 

But leaders do Christ truth withstand. 
Undaunted thou these Westerne Fields dost enter, 

Filld with the spirits ready sword at hand, 
Ingage thou wilt thy selfe, 'niongst hardships venter; 

Valiant thou foughtst under thy Christ's command. 
And yet with all men woiddst have peace thy aime, 

If deepe to w^ound, and sweetly then to say. 
Come to my Christ, hee'I heale your wounds againe ; 

Canst but submit hee'I never say thee nay. 
With learned Method tliou Gods word divides ; 

Long labouring that each soule may take his part, 
Thy gratious speech with grave impression bides ; 

Thus Christ by thee is pleas'd to win the heart. 
My INI use lament, Nathaniel is decaying : 

Why dost thou grutch him Heaven, such toile hath had, 
In Christ his Vineyard ratlier be thou i)raying ; 

That in Christ's armes he resting may be glad." 



1851.] Memoir of Rev. Natlianiel Rogers^ Family. 135 

On the 20th of February, 1638, Mr. Ward having laid down 
his pastoral charge, Mr. Rogers and the celebrated Mr. John Nor- 
ton (afterward of Boston,) were ordained, the one Pastor, and 
the other Teacher of the Church at Ipswich. At his ordination 
he preached from the 2d. Cor. 2. 16 : " Who is sufficient for these 
things ? " a sermon so copious, judicious, accurate, and elegant, 
that it struck his hearers with admiration. 

Here was a renowned Church consisting mostly of such 
enlightened Christians that their pastors in the exercise of their 
ministry might say, " Sentire se non tarn Disciimlos habere quam 
Judices.^^ 

It was deemed a pity that the public should not enjoy some of 
his discourses, but his physician advised that if he went on trans- 
cribing, his disposition to accuracy would so deeply engage him 
as to endanger his health. Wherefore he left few monuments of 
his ministry but in the hearts of his people. " Pie had eminent 
learning, singular piety, and holy zeal, and his auditory were his 
Epistle seen and read of all that knew them." As the graces of 
a Christian so the gifts of a minister in him were beyond the 
ordinary attainments of good men. " I shall do a wrong unto 
his name," says the learned Rev. Dr. Cotton Mather, "if I do not 
freely say that he was one of the greatest men that ever set foot on 
the American strand. I may, without injury or odium, venture to 
compare him with the very best of the true ministers which 
made the best days of New England, and say he came little if 
any behind the very chiefest of them all." 

He was subject, among other infirmities, to hypocondraism, 
wherewith when first surprised, he thought himself dying, but a 
physician of long experience convinced him that it was a chro- 
nical distemper ; while under this early depression, the famous 
minister, John Cotton, in a letter dated March 9th, 1631, thus en- 
couraging him, wrote, 

" I bless the Lord with you who supportetli your feeble body, to do him 
service, and meanwhile perfecteth the power of his grace in your weak- 
ness. You know who said it, unmortified strength posteth hard to hell, 
but sanctified weakness creepetli fast to heaven. Let not your spirit faint 
though your body do. Your soul is precious in God's sight ; your hairs 
are numbered, and the number and measure of your fainting fits and 
wearisome nights are weighed and limited by his hand, who hath given 
you his Lord Jesus Christ to take upon him your infirmities and heal 
your sickness." 

f In 1655, an epidemic cough prevailed among most of the fam- 
/ ilies in the plantation of New England, w^hich proved fatal to \ 
JMx. Rogers, though no apprehensions were entertained for his life \ 
until the last morning. During his sickness he was full of pleas- \ 
ant conversation, and one of his last acts was to bless the three 
children of his only daughter Margaret (wife of Rev. Wm. Hub- 
bard) who had been particularly dutiful unto him. He expired 
on the afternoon of July 3d, of this year, aged 57. His last I 
words were, " My times are in thy hands ; " thus departed one of / 
the early Fathers of New England. 



y 



136 Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers' Family, [April, 

lie was known to have kept a Diary, but with much reservation, which 
two friends, at his request, threw into the fire, where it was entirely con- 
sumed. The loss of these rich papers is to be lamented, containing })rob- 
ably much matter relating to early colonial history ; undoubtedly they not 
only would have served to gratify curiosity, but informed and edified. 

Ilis only publication was a letter written from New England to an Plon. 
member of the House of Commons at Westminster, in 1643, in which he 
pathetically urges " that the Parliament would confess the guilt of neglect- 
ing, yea, of rejecting motions of reformation in former parliaments, and 
proceed now more fully to answer the just expectations of heaven." In 
it were also a few lines of merited censure against the dishonorable asper- 
sions on the King by " INIercurius Brittanicus." 

This letter was printed under authority of Parliament, being licensed 
by Calamy, one of the great AYestminster Divines ; the newspapers 
affected to consider it part of an Oxford or Royal Plot and insinuated that 
the king had agents in New P^ngland, such is the reception of truth and 
decency during a civil war ; " perhaps the author of the Magnalia thought 
it unworthy of the amiable Pilgrim to record with honor this gentle re- 
monstrance in favour of his sovereign." 

He left also a manuscript (written in a neat Latin style, of which he 
was a complete master) entitled " A Vindication of the Congregational 
Church Government." 

A nuncupative Will of Mr. Rogers was proved Sept. 26, 1645, at the 
Probate in Essex, by the oaths of Mr. Ezekiel Cheever and Deacon John 
Whipple. It is in the hand-writing of Mr. Cheever (who was the first 
master of the Grammar school at Ipswich, and afterward the distin- 
guished master of the Latin School at Boston.) it is a very neat specimen 
of the chirography of the age. The caption runs thus — 

" The last Will and testament of INIr. Nathaniel Rogers, Pastor 
of the Church of Christ, at Ipswich, as was taken from his own 
mouth, July 3d, Anno Dom., 1655. 

A clause in this Will indicates his just and equitable views in the trans- 
mis>:ion of property, and that his children were all equal in his affection; 
moreover his disapprobation of the law of primogeniture. 

" To my son John, (who was eldest) to prevent expectation of a double 
portion, I have not so bequeathed ; he hath never been by any labor ser- 
viceable to his brethren, but hath been upheld by their labor and pain 
while he hath been determining his way (i. e. receiving a College education) 
therefore I give and bequeath to him an equal portion with his other breth- 
ren, viz., ye sume of one hundred pounds of my estate in New England," <Scc. 
He makes like bequests to his other sons, Natli'l, Sam'l, and Timothy, but 
to his son Ezekiel, " twenty pound which he shall have liberty to take in 
my books if he please," (his estate having already been at the charge ol 
giving him also a College education, and was probably in expectation ot 
more from his kinsman, Rev. Ezekiel Rogers of Rowley, Mass., for whom 
he was named.) 

Among other clauses in the Will are the following : " To my cousin 
John Rogers, I give ard bequeath the sum of five pounds which is in ye 
bands of Ensign Howlett." 

" To the children of my cousin John Harris, of Rowley, viz., Elizabeth,! 
Nathaniel, John, and Mary, I give and bequeath to each, the sum of twenty| 
shillings." 

*' To ISLvRY QuiLTER, my maid servant, I give the sum of three pounds.'^ 

" To Sarau Fillybrowne, my other servant, I give the sum of thre( 
pounds.'* 



1851.] Memoir of the Eev. Nathaniel Rogers' Family. 137 

His wife was Margaret, the daughter of Sir? Robert Crane, of 
Coggeshall, Essex, Old England, by his 1st wife Mary, daughter 
of Samuel Sparhawk, Esq., of Dedham, Essex. The 2^ wife of 
Mr. Crane was Margaret, daughter of Robert Maidstone, of Brox- 
ted Hall in Essex, relict of Walter Closton. 

The name of Mr. Crane often appears among the Records of 
the meetings held in England, as one of " The Governor and 
Company," of the New Colony to be planted in Massachusetts Bay.* 

(12) n. ,'^ m. Rev. John Hudson, Rector of Capel 

in Suffolk, England, " an eminent preacher " whose brother 
Samuel Hudson succeeded him in the rectory, and m. Hannah 
Wiseman, a step-daughter of Rev. John Rogers^, (10). 

(13) HI. SAMUEL.3 

A half sister of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers (11) Elizabeth Hawes 
m. Rev Richard Holmestead, Rector of Avwarton in Suffolk, then 
Chaplain to Lord Chancellor Loftus in Ireland, and finally, when 
driven out by the Rebels, placed in Dennington Rectory, Suffolk. 

Rev. NATHANIEL^, (11) and Margaret Crane, had children, 
(14) J. REV. DR. JOHNS 5th President of Harvard College, 
(22) " born at Coggeshall, in Essex, England, Jan. (11 m.) 1630," 
came with his father to New England, 1636 — was graduated at 
Harvard College, in 1649, studied as was usual at that time, both 
Physic and Divinity, and assisted his father, Mr. Cobbet, and Mr. 
Hubbard, in the ministry at Ipswich. He took the principal charge 
of the Thursday lecture, while they attended to other church and 
parish concerns. His salary, voted here 'till 1681, was less than 
theirs, because they were expected to do more in the ministry ; 
he being much otherwise employed as the principal physician in 
the town. 

In June, 1676, he was unanimously chosen President of Har- 
vard College, which office he declined : after the decease of Presi- 
dent Oakes (who was a class-mate) he was again elected in 
April, 1682, and installed August 12th, 1683; this event he did 
not long survive, but died suddenly on the day succeeding Com- 
mencement of the next year ; the duties of that occasion hasten- 
ing his end, having been thus cut off* while his varied prospect of 
usefulness was bright and full of promise. 

" So sweet was his disposition, that the title of Delicioe humani 
generis might have been given him. And his real piety set off 
with the accomplishments of a gentleman, was like a gem set in 
gold." 

The following verses by President Rogers, addressed to Anne, 
wife of Gov. Simon Bradstreet and daughter of Gov. Thomas 
Dudley of Mass., a poetess, and one of the most accomplished la- 
dies of her time, afford a specimen of the classical taste and ele- 
gance of the early New England scholars. 

* Mather's Ma^nalia. — Mass. Hist. Collections. — Ilntchinson's Hist of Mass. — An 
Ancient Memorandum Book, in the handwritino; of Kev. Nathaniel Rogers. — Felt's 
History of Ipswich. — Probate of Wills in Essex County, Mass. — Savage's Win- 
throp. — Hubbard's Journal. — Young's Chronicles of Mass. 



138 Memoir of Rev. Naihaniel Rogers' Family. [April, 

Madam, twice through the Muses' grove I walkt, 
Under your blissfule bowres, I shrowding there, 

It seem'd with Nymphs of Helicon I talkt, 

For there tliose sweet-lip'd sisters sporting were, 

Apollo with his sacred lute sate by, 

On high they made their heavenly sonnets flye. 
Posies around they strow'd, of sweetest poesie. 

Twice have I drunk the nectar of your lines, 
Which high sublim'd my mean born phantasie, 

Flusht with these streams of your Maronean wines 
Above myself rapt to an extasie : 

Methought I was upon mount Ilybla's top. 

There where I might those fragrant flowers lop, 
Whence did sweet odors flow, and honey spangles drop. 

To Venus' shrine no altars raised are, 

Nor venom'd shafts from painted quiver fly : 

Nor wanton Doves of Aphrodite's Carr, 
Or fluttering there, or here forlornly lie : 

Lome paramours, not chatting birds tell news, 
How sage Apollo Daphne hot pursues. 
Or stately Jove himself is wont to haunt the stews. 

Nor barking Satyrs breathe, nor dreary clouds 
Exhaled from Styx, their dismal drops distil 

Within these fairy, flowry fields, nor shrouds 

The screeching night raven, with his shady quill : 

But lyrick strings here Orpheus nimbly hitts, 
Arion on his sadled dolphin sits. 
Chanting as every humour, age and season fits. 

Here silver swans, with nightingales set spells, 
Which sweetly charm the traveller, and raise 

Earth's earthed monarchs, from their hidden cells, 
And to appearance summon lapsed dayes, 

Their heav'nly air becalms the swelling frayes. 
And fury fell of elements allayes. 
By paying every one due tribute of his praise. 

This seem'd the scite of all those verdant vales, 

And purled springs, whereat the Nymphs do play : 

With lofty hills, where Poets rear tlieir tales. 
To heavenly vaults, whicli heav'nly sound repay 

By echo's sweet rebound : here ladye's kiss. 
Circling nor songs, nor dance's circle mi^ ; 
But whilst those Syrens sung, I sunk in sea of bliss. 

Thus weltring in deligl\t, my virgin mind 

Admits a rape ; trutli still lyes undescri'd, * 

Its singular tliat ])lural seem'd : I find 

'T was fancie's glass alone that multipli'd ; 

Natui'c with art so closely did combine, 
I though I saw the Muses treble trine. 
Which prov'd your lonely Muse superiour to the Nine. 



1851.] 3Iemoir of Rev. Natlianiel Rogers^ Family. 139 

Your only hand those poesies did compose : 

Your head the source, whence all those springs did flow : 

Your voice, whence changes sweetest notes arose : 
Your feet that kept the dance alone, I trow : 

Then vail your bonnets. Poetasters all, 

Strike, lower amain, and at these humbly fall, 
And deem yourselves advanc'd to be her pedestal. 

Should all with lowly congees laurels bring, 
Waste Flora's magazine to find a wreathe, 

Or Pineu's banks, 'twere too mean offering ; 
Your Muse a fairer garland doth bequeath 

To guard your fairer front ; here 't is your name 
Shall stand immarbled ; this your little frame 
Shall great Colossus be, to your eternal fame. 



The following Epitaph upon his tombstone, in the burial ground 
at Cambridge, (of which at this day no traces are visible) is sup- 
posed to have been written by one of the Students, Dr. Cotton 
Mather. 

Mandatur huic Terr® & Tumulo 

Humanitatis ^rarium, 

Theologize Horreum 

Optimarum Literarum Bibliotheca, 

Rei Medicinalis Systema, 

Integritatis Domiciliura, 

Fidei Repositorium, 

Christianae Simplicitatis Exemplar, 

noainv IMP u fro)^ S'ljcruvoog. 

Sc. Domini Reverendissimi 

D. JOANNIS ROGERSII 

ROGERSII DOCTISSIMI IpSUIENSIS IN 

Nov — Anglica, Filii 

Dedha^iensis, in veteri Anglia per 

Orbem Terrarum clarissimi, nepotis 

Collegii Harvardani 

Lectissimi, ac merito dilectissimi Presidis 

Pars Terrestior 

Caelestior, a novis erepta fuit 

Julii 2d A.D. M.DC.LXXX. lY, 

^ JEtatis sues, LIV, 

Clara est pars restans nobis & quando cadaver. 

The relict of President Rogers, Madame Elizabeth, died at 
I])swich. 13 J une, 1723. ^. 82. She was the only daughter of 
Afjp'' Greneral Daniel Denisojn{,. .of.Jpswich, and Patience 
Dudley, a daughter of Governor Thomas, (son of Capt. Roger 
Dldley) and sister of Gov. Joseph Dudley of Massachusetts. 

General Denison was a son of William Denison of Roxbury, 
and came from England as early as 1633, when he was of Cam- 
bridge, and a freeman in 1634, in which year the Legislature 
assigns him 200 acres of Land, on the east side of Charles River. 
Removing to Ipswich, there also land is assigned him in 1635. 

He became a person of great civil and military distinction in 
the Colony. 



140 Memoir of Rev. Xathaniel Rogers' Family. [April, 

Was appointed Captain of Ipswich by the Legislature in 1G37 ; in 1643 
was on a Committee to put the Country in a posture of defence ; in the 
year following, the two Counties of Essex and Norfolk, were joined under 

his command as Major, with Whittingham, as Captain Lieutenant. 

Li 1045, the Inhabitants of Ipswich agree to })ay him £24.7, annually, to 
be their military leader. — 1646. He is one of the Commissioners to treat 
with D'Aulnay at Penobscot — was of the Artillery Company, 1652, and 
in the absence of Major Gen'l Rob't Sedgwick, held command of all the 
troops. The next year, he was chosen by the Legislature Major General 
of the Colony, and continued in this office by election, for 10 years at dif- 
ferent periods, 'till 1680. 

He represented Ipswich in the General Court for some years ; 
in 1649 and 1652, was Speaker of the House of Representatives ; 
Secretary of the Colony 1653, in the absence of Edward Rawson ; 
Justice of the Quarterly Court — also, Reserve Commissioner of 
the United Colonies, 1658, and Commissioner of the same eight 
years, from 1654 to 1662. 

In 1664, he rose to be Assistant, and continued in the office, 
'till 1682, the year of his death. 

In the proceedings of the Two Commissioners of the United 
Colonies, we may see how important regard was paid to his judg- 
ment in the agitations between New Haven and the Dutch in 
1653, — 

That it was best " to forbear the use of the sword till the providence 
of God should by further evidence clear up the case to the consciences o 
those who were concerned in the determination of the matter," to whicl 
the General Court of Massachusetts assented, not judging it expedient foi 
those who came into America to preach and profess the Gospel of peace 
to be over forward to enter into a war with their Christian neighbors ot 
the same reformed religion, though of another nation, upon slender or not 
any consideral)le grounds. By these means the difference was at last 
fairly ended, which else might have had a fatal issue to one or more ol 
these Colonies. 

1657. He receives instruction from the Commissioners of th< 
United Colonies to go with two others and require Ninigrett thi 
Niantick Sachem to forbear hostilities against the people oj 

Uncas. 

19. May 1658. 

" It is ordered by the General Court of Massachusetts that Major Gen- 
eral Daniel Denison diligently peruse, examine and weigh every law am 
compare them with others of like nature, and sucli as are clear, ])lain, an* 
good, free from any just exceptions, to stand without any animadversion 
as approved, such as are repealed or fit to be repealed, to be so marked 
and the reasons given, such as are obscure, contradictory, or seeming sc« 
to rectify and the emendations make — 

Where there are two or more laws about one and the same thing, t* 
prepare a draught of one law that may comi)rchend the same, to make 
plain and easy table, and to prepare what else may present in the perui 
inf^ of them to be useful, and make return at the next session of thi 
Court." 

At the next session of the General Court, 19th Oct., 1658. It 
ordered that the Book of Laws as they had been revised and correctei 



1851.] Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Bo gers^ Family. 141 

and put into form by order of the Court, together with the alterations and 
additions hereunto expressed, shall forthwith be printed and be in force in 
one month after the same, and that there shall be a perfect table made 
thereunto, what remains to be done to be prepared for the press by our 
honored Major CtENEral, &c.; that the preface to the old Law Book, 
with such alterations as shall be judged meet by the Governor [John 
Endicott] and Major General, be added thereto. 

He is granted one quarter of Block Island " for his great pains 
in transcribing the laws." 

In 1662, he has 600 acres of land which were assigned to him, Oct., 
1660, beyond Merrimack, laid out, beginning "at the upper end of an 
Island over against Old Will's wigwam." In 1672, he makes preparation 
as General to resist the Indians who had crossed the Merrimack. 1675, 
the Assistants write to him encouraging his efforts to raise forces for 
attacking the Indians in their quarters. In 1676, Feb., he is required to 
repair to Marlborough and order the troops thither. Aug. 6, he writes to 
the assistants that great alarm prevails in this part of Essex, because the 
enemy had passed the Merrimack. In Oct., he is ordered to Portsmouth 
to take command of the Eastern expedition. 

Randolph, in 1673, enumerates General Denison among the 
few principled men in the Magistracy. The moderate spirit by 
which he was actuated had not a general spread, yet the contin- 
uance of his election to the same rank, when his sympathy was 
not, in relation to the controversy with the crown, in unision with 
that of the people, is evidence of the stronghold his virtue and 
public labors had acquired. 

He died Sept. 20th, 1682, at Ipswich, Mass., and was buried 
on the 22d^ The Rev. Wm. Hubbard preached his funeral sermon, 
in which it is justly remarked, " The greater is our sorrow, who are 
now met together to solemnize the funeral of a person of so great 
worth, enriched with so many excellencies, which made him live 
neither undesired nor unlamented, nor go to the grave unob- 
served." 

He left a book at his decease called " Irenicon, or Salve for New 
England's sore," printed in 1684. In this work is considered, 
1. " What are our present maladies ? 2. What might be the 
occasion thereof. 3. The danger. 4. The blamable cause. 5. 
The cure." 

To his only daughter, Elizabeth, the wife of President Rogers,* 
he bequeathed 500 acres of land. He left one son, Johxi, who 
married Martha^ daughter of Deputy Gov. Sam'l Symonds and 
and his wife who was a daughter of Gov. Winthrop, of Mass. 

(15) II. NATHANIEL,^ '^born at Assington, in Suffolk, Eng- 
land, Sept. 30, 1632," came with his father to Ipswich, Mass., 

* Ancient IMemo. Book in handwriting of Rev. Nath. Rogers. — Plutch- 
inson's Hist, of Mass. — Felt's Hist, of Ipswich. — Hubbard's N. Eng. — 
Savage's Winthrop. —Mass. Hist. Coll. — Mather's Mag. — Eliot's Biog. 
Die. — Pres't. Quincy's Hist. H. U. — Ipswich Town Records. — New 
Hamp. Hist. Collections. — Essex Co. Probate Records. — Hazard's 
Historical Collections. — Suffolk Co. Deeds. 
4 



142 Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers^ Family. [April, 

16-jG, "a trooper against the Indians." He died June 14th, 1G80, 
and was probably unmarried, as he gave his property by verbal 
will " to his nephew John (22) the eldest son of his brother John." 

(16) III. SAMUELS "born at Assington, in Suffolk, Eng- 
(26) land, llmo. (Jan. 16,) 1634," came w^ith his lather to 

Ipswich, 1636. 

He married, 1st., 12 Dec. 1657, Judith, daughter of Mr. Sami i:l^ 
AppiiETON and Mary Everard (or Everett,) of Ipswuch, 1635, 
to which place, he emigi'ated from Old England, where he was b. 
at Little Waldingfield in 1586. She died; July, 1659. It is un- 
known if he left any issue by her. His 2d wife was Sarah, 
daughter of Mr. Jonathan Wade of Ipswich, to whom he was 
married 13th Nov., 1661. Mr. Rogers was town clerk of Ipswich 
in 1653 ; he died Dec. 21st, 1693. 

(17) IV. TIMOTinV "a merchant of Boston, Mass., Nov. 
9th, 1688," (born probably at Ipswich, Mass.,) any information 
of him after this date would be a favor to the Editor of this 
Publication. 

(18) V. EZEKIEL,^ (b. probably at Ipswich, Mass.,) m. Mrs. 
(36) MARGARET, (widow of Mr. Thomas Scott of Ipswich,) 

sister of Rev. Wm. Hubbard, was graduated at Harvard College, 
1659, and died Julv 5th, 1674. 

(19) VI. MARGARET,5(b. probably at Ipswich,) m. Rev. 
(42) William Hubbard, of Ipswich, who was born in England, 

1621, and came to N. E., 1630, son of Mr. Wm. Hubbard (an emin- 
ent inhabitant of Ipswich, afterwards of Boston, to which place he 
removed about 1662 — " a learned man, being well read in State 
matters, of a very affable and humble behavior, though he be slow 
in speech, yet is he downright for the businesse.") Rev. Wm. 
Hubbard was a graduate of the first class at Harvard College in 
1642, and invited to preach at Ipswich as colleague with Rev. 
Thomas Cobbett in 1656. In 1676 he preached the election ser- 
mon. In 1679 his Historical work receives the approbation of the 
colonial licensers and was soon published in Boston, it containet 

" A narrative of the trouble with the Indians, witli a supplement con- 
cerning the war with the Pequods in 16 37, and a Table and Postscript, 
also a Narrative of the Troubles with the Indians in N. E. from Piscata- 
qua to Pemaquid." The same book was licensed in London, June 27t]i, 
and immediately printed there under the title, " Present state of New- 
England." Mr. Ilubbard was on a visit to England in 1078, and was 
probably there to superintend the publication of this work ; this was 
afterwards thrown into the present form of his '^ Indian AVars." " ] GSO, 
May 19th, as Mr. Ilubbard hath compiled a liistory of New England, a 
committee are chosen to peruse the same and report, so that the General 
Court may judge about having it printed." 

Accordingly the same year the L(^gislature vote him j£50 for 
his histcn*y of N. E., which vote is copied from the records of that 
year, Oct. 11th: 

" Wherea? it hath been thought necessary and a duty incumbent on us 
to take due notice of all occurrences and passages of God's Providence 



1851.] Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers' Family. 143 

towards the people of this jurisdiction since their first arrival in these 
parts, which may remain to posterity, and that tlie Rev. Wm. Hubbard 
hath taken pains to compile a History of this nature, which the court doth 
with thankfulness acknowledge, and as a manifestation thereof, do hereby 
order the treasurer to pay unto him the sum of fifty pounds in money, he 
transcribing fairly into a book that it may be more easily perused in order 
to the satisfaction of this Court." 

The Mass. Hist. Society, aided by a liberal donation from the General 
Court, had this history printed in a volume distinct from those of their 
Collections which contain it, in 1815. 

In 1G82, he delivers a Fast Sermon, and in Sept. a discourse on the 
death of Gen. Denison, both of these were superior productions, and 
were printed. 

In 1686 he receives a visit from John Dunton, an English 
traveller, who thus describes him : 

"The benefit of nature and the fatigue of study have equally con- 
tributed to his eminence, neither are we less obliged to both than himself; 
he freely communicates of his learning to all who have the happiness to 
share in his converse. In a word, he is learned without ostentation and 
vanity, and gives all his productions such a delicate turn and grace, that 
the features and the lineaments of the child make a clear discovery and 
distinction of the father ; yet he is a man of singular modesty, of strict 
morals, and has done as much for the conversion of the Indians as most 
men in New-England." 

This year he receives assistance in the ministry from Rev. John 
Rogers^ (22) and his cousin Rev. John Denison (a grandson of 
the Major Gen'l.) who died 1689, in his 24th year. 

In 1688 Mr. Hubbard is appointed by Sir Edmund Andros 
and Council, as temporary Rector or President of Harvard Col- 
lege, when officiating at Commencement he makes an oration, 
" in which he compares Sir Wm. Phipps (who had been knighted 
for discovering and taking possession of a sunken Spanish galleon) 
to Jason bringing home the golden fleece." 

He was one of the 17 ministers who bore testimony against the Old 
Church in Boston when they settled Mr. Davenport, also when the Gen- 
eral Assembly approved of the act of the 1st Church, and censured the 
proceedings of the 3d Church, commonly called tlie Old South. The 
division excited upon this occasion interested the passions of the people at 
large, so as to give a new complexion to public affairs, most of the depu- 
ties who had so severely censured the brethren who built the Old South 
Church for their spirit of innovation, and leaving the good old path of 
their fathers, were left out and new members chosen. The town of Ips- 
wich took an active part in this matter, and Mr. Hubbard's influence had 
considerable effect upon their proceedings. 

In all his histories,* Mr. H., appears to have been a steady friend 
of the churches, and among his last publications was one entitled 
" Dying Testimony to the order of the Churches," which he wrote 
jointly with Rev. John Higginson, of Salem. 

^Felt's History of Ipswich. — Mass. Hist. Collections. — Pres't Quincy's Hist. H. U. — 
Eliots's Biog. Diet. — Ipswich Town Records. 



144 Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers' Family. [April, 

Among other writings, he left mennoirs of his friend Maj. Gen. 
Denison. 

" He was for many years the most eminent minister of the 
County of Essex, equal to any in the Province, for learning and 
candor, and superior to all his contemporaries as a writer." 

He died Sept. 24th, 1704, at the advanced age of 83 having 
'till within a few of his last years, been active in the ministry. 

REV. JOHN ROGERS,^ (14) President of Harvard College, 
and Elizabeth Denison, had children, 

(20) I. ELIZABETH,^ "b. at Ipswich,Feb. 3d, 1661," m. Nov. 

(45) 23d, 1681, Hon. John Appleton, of Ipswich, b. at Little 
Waldingfield, Essex, England, in 1622, son of Capt. John Apple- 
ton, (son of Mr. Samuel Appleton, who came to New England 
in 1635,) and Priscilla, daughter of Rev. Jesse Glover (who died 
on his passage from Old to New England, 1635,) and Elizabeth 
his wife, who afterward m. Rev. Henry Dunster, 1st Pres't of H. C. 

Madam Appleton d. at Ipswich, March 13, 1754, x. 91. 

The following is a copy of a letter (wTitten in her 88th year,) 
to her grand-daughter, Mrs. Margaret Mascarene of Boston, on 
the occasion of her mamage ; it has been preserved among the 
papers of her gi'andson, the late Dr. E. A. Holyoke of Salem. 

Dear Pegge, 

My love and affections urge and oblige me to write to you, tlio' ever 
so poorely, to wish you and y"" consort a blessing in the new state of hfe 
you are entered into, that you may have the presence of a good God al- 
wayes with you, acknowledge him in all y"^ ways and he will direct y' 
steps. 

I hear y° have got a good Husband and plenty of the good things of 
this life, remember y"" father's copy, (set not your heart upon them,) I am 
sorry I did not send my little silver can to remember me, by y' uncle Ap- 
pleton but hope to have an opportunity. 

I hope you have got the chairs I lent of dear mother and some other 
good things she had and her work the coat of armes. Give my ])arentall 
love and regards to y"" dear spouse. I hope he will be a kind huwsband 
to you my dear child, and that you may prove a virtuous wife to him, that 
living in a way of duty y** may expect a blessing. 

Dear child God has given you a good understanding I hope he will give 

you a heart to improve it and make y'' wise for salvation, by faith to lay 

hold on Christ the angel of the covenant for coven.'int blessings. 

Which is the earnest desire and prayer of 

y"" very affectionate and loving grandmother 

Elizabeth Aptlkton, 

Sept. H, 1750. in my 88th year. 

Mr. Appleton d. at Ipswich, Sept. 11, 1739, in his 87th year. 

He was for many years of the Council, Colonel of a Regi- 
ment, Justice of the General Sessions, and Court Common Pleas, 
and ibr twenty years Judge of Probate for Essex Co., during all 
which time no appeal was ever made from his decisions. 

A sermon, on the occasion of his death was preached by his 
brother-in-law. Rev. John Rogers, (t22) of Ipswich, and another 
by his son, and colleague in the ministry. Rev. Nathaniel Rogers 
(64) of Ipswich. 



1851.] Memoir of Rev. NatJianiel Rogers* Family, 145 

An extract from the latter will serve as a remembrance of Mr. 
Appleton's virtues : 

" His Lord betrusted him with a good stock of talents and lengthened 
out his time for using them to an uncommon period, about 87. And who 
ever improved to better advantage his abilities in all his stations and rela- 
tions of life, public and private, religious and civil ? Verily he obtained 
mercy to be faithful to the death. He had an early sense not only of his 
Lord's authority, but also of his excellency, beauty, and amiableness. His 
heart ever appeared full of ardent love and pious affection as well as hum- 
ble subjection to him ; and his life a steady uniform practice of all piety 
and Christian virtue. He always entertained the highest veneration for 
his Lord's day and institutions, and attended them with a constancy, dili- 
gence, reverence, and affection, hardly to be paralleled. And his private 
devotions were as peculiar. He was also strictly just, righteous, faithful, 
obliging, kind, and condescending, in all his relations and offices, whether 
as a Counsellor, or a Judge, a husband, a father, or a master, a Christian 
friend, or neighbor, extending his respects unto all his Lord's command- 
ments. Ye are all witnesses, and God also, how piously, devoutly, holy, 
wisely, justly, kindly, charitably, meekly, humbly, and unblamably, he 
ever behaved among you. And I doubt not but from the inward sense of 
your souls, you are all ready to pronounce him a faithful servant to his 
Lord, and with one consent, joyfully to congratulate him upon the distin- 
guishing honors and rewards he will inherit forever." 

(21) IL MARGARET,^ b. at Ipswich, Feb. 18th, 1664, m. 

(51) 1st, Dec. 28, 1682, Capt. Thomas Berry, who lived and 
died at Boston. 2d, she was married by the Rev. Dr. Cotton 
Mather, Nov. 25, 1697, to the Rev. and Hon. John Leverett, 
F. R. S., President of Harvard College, born at Boston, and 
graduated at Harvard College, 1680, where he was appointed 
Tutor. He soon rose to eminence in civil life, was chosen a rep- 
resentative for Boston at the General Court, and for a number 
of years its Speaker, was of her Majesty's Council, Judge of 
the Superior Court and the Probate of Wills. All these honora- 
ble posts he sustained with dignity, integrity, and the applause of 
the people. He was appointed one of the three Commissioners, 
with power of controlling the army sent against Port Royal. 
After the death of Vice President Willard he was chosen Presi- 
dent of Harvard College, and inducted into office Jan. 14th, 1708. 
(The congratulatory address of the clergy, on this occasion, was 
headed by Rev. John Rogers, (22) of Ipswich.) 

" In an early period of his life he occasionally preached ; so extensive 
was his knowledge, and so correct was his judgment, that in almost every 
difficult case the people resorted to him for advice and information. He 
was a man of courage, resolution, and firmness, as well as learning ; no 
difficulties discouraged hira, and when he once engaged in any affairs of 
importance he encountered them with cheerfulness, and by his persever- 
ance and diligence effected what would have been impossibilities to minds 
of feebler texture. When his object could not be accomplished, he yield- 
ed without disquietude. At the Head of the University he was respected, 
for he possessed personal dignity and a talent for government. There 
was a majesty in his speech, behaviour, and countenance, which secured 
the reverence of all who conversed with him, and impressed the youth 
4* 



146 Memoir of Rev, Nathaniel Rogers^ Family, [April, 

who were subject to his authority with awe, yet he did not lose their affec- 
tions, for his dignity was not the offspring of pride. He was a good man, 
of a lioly life, a friend to the Congregational Churches, hut placed religion 
not so much in practical forms, as in the weightier matters of faith, right- 
eousness, and love. In his care of the College he was indefatigable, and 
it flourished mucli during his Presidency, he was its glory and also the 
ornament of his country." 

His death was sudden and unexpected, and deeply lamented ; on the 
Lord's day morning, the 3d of May, 1724, he was found dead in his bed ; 
he had retired the nijrht before suffering; under Avhat was considered a 
slight indisposition. The funeral sermons delivered on the occasion by his 
friends Colman, Wads worth, and Appleton, are full of sorrow and eulogy. 

Chief Justice Sewall, in an address to the Grand Jury, spoke 
of Pres't Leverett " as one who had been an ornament to the bench 
of Justice, and Court of Probate, full of sweetness and candor 
displayed in the government of the College, tempered by conveni- 
ent severity." 

" His abilities were of a superior order, which the events of his life 
had enabled him to improve and refine, by an extensive intercourse with 
books and with mankind. His talents, were eminently practical, he knew 
better than most men what course to shape in difficult times, and how 
political and religious factions were to be managed and controlled. To 
these characteristics, the College owed much of the prosperity it enjoyed at 
that period, and these conferred the reputation of success which has ever 
since rested upon his administration. In all his olhcial relations, his indus- 
try, vigor, and felicity, were conspicuous and exemplary." 

" He was more actuated by a sense of duty than a desire of fame, and no 
important monuments of his literary or scientific attainments remain, ex- 
cept such as are identified with the prosperity of the College while under 
his care. His religion was enlightened and catholic. In a country and 
at a period of society, when the sectarian spirit \\ as strenuously contending 
for power and supremacy, he maintained his integrity and preserved the 
College in that independence of religious sects which was established by 
the terms of its first charter ; to his fii-mness and that of his associates 
under circumstances of great trial, and in opposition to an almost over- 
wlielming power ; the Institution is j)robably in a great measure indebted 
for its religious freedom at this day. While he was able to maintain the 
College in the independence of its early Constitution, he was compelled 
himself to become the victim of poverty and disappointment, a fate he 
might probably have avoided, had he been more subservient to the times, 
and less conscientiously scrupulous. The result was, that after several 
almost wholly unsuccesful applications to the Legislature for an increase 
of his salary, which was £150, per annum, during IG years of faithful and 
laborious service, his estate at his death was found bankrupt, being in debt 
upwards of £2000 — for the payment of which sum, his chiklren were 
compelled to sell the mansion house at Boston, which had descended to 
them from their great-grandfatlier. These circumstances ap})ear on the 
Records of the General Court, in a memorial presented by the daughters 
and heirs of Pres't Leverett, in tlie year 1720, in connection with the further 
statement, that their father had been necessitated for the decent su})port of 
his family, to sink the yearly rent of his own estate and to fall in debt 
£100, every year during his Presidency, &x"." 

President L., was one of Gov. Jos. Dudley's particular friends, 



1851.] Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers* Family. 147 

and did all in his power to serve him while he was in the civil 
line, and was very instrumental in making his administration 
acceptable to the people. 

Dr. Cotton Mather in his diary says, " I received a visit from Governor 
Dudley, June 16, 1702 :" with other observations of a familiar nature, he 
said to his Excellency, " I am humbly of an opinion that it will be your 
wisdom to carry an indifferent hand towards all parties, if I may use so 
coarse a word as parties, and give occasion to none to say that any have 
monopolized you, or that you take your measures from them alone, I should 
approve it if any others should say, by no means let the people have cause 
to say, that you take all your measures from the two Mr. Mathers. By the 
same rule, I may say without offence, by no means let any peo})le say that 
you go by no means in your conduct, but by Mr. Byfield's and Mr. Leve- 
reWs." This conversation was related to these gentlemen, and tended to 
increase their prejudices against the good Doctors, (Increase and Cotton 
Mather.) Whilst Pres't Leverett was in the chair, they seldom or ever 
attended the Overseers Board. 

Pres't Leverett received honors from abroad, from a sense of 
his literary merit, he was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of 
London. 

In the character given of him after his death at Cambridge, it is 
observed, " That for more than forty years, he shone with near a 
meridian lustre ; the morning of his life being so bright that it 
shone like noon, and both the College and the Country rejoiced 
greatly in his early and uncommon light, and now his sun seems 
yet to have gone down at noon, such being his vigor and bright- 
ness at the age of 62." 

Margaret Rogers, (widow of Capt. Berry,) the mother of 
all Mr. Leverett's children, died on the 7th June, 1720, in her 
55th year. He m. a 2d wife, Mrs. Sarah Harris, widow of 
William Harris, Esq., of Boston, and daughter of Richard 
and Sarah Crisp, of Boston. She was afWwards wife of 
Hon. John Clark, of Boston. Her fourth husband was Rev. 
Benj. Colman, D.D., of Boston. 

His father was Hudson, a son of Sir John Leverett, Governor of Massa- 
chusetts, (by his 1st wife Hannah Hudson,) who had been a soldier, and 
distinguished himself in several actions abroad ; in 1 642, when the Narra- 
gansett Indians were preparing to make war upon the English, he was 
sent with Mr. Edward Hutchinson, to Miantonomo, to make complaint of 
his duplicity and to require their Sachem to come to Boston, or send two 
of his chief Counsellors, that complete satisfaction might be obtained con- 
cerninjT his conduct. 

In 1653, he was one of the Commissioners of Oliver Cromwell to raise 
500 volunteers to resist against the Dutch at Manhadoes. They w^ere re- 
quired to do this by the Lord Protector at the request of the New Haven 
Colony, which had reason to dread everything from their Dutch neighbors, 
and the Indians who were instigated by that people to fall on the nearest 
English settlements. Mr. Leverett was afterwards employed in various 
places of trust. He was in England at the restoration of King Charles 
the 2d, and advocate for the Colony. U[)on his return, he was chosen a 
member of the General Assembly for Boston, and was some time its 



148 Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers' Family. [April, 

Speaker ; 27 May, 16G3, as successor to Daniel Denison, lie was choser^ 
Major General, and Assistant in 1665 ; in 1671, he was promoted to be a 
Dep'y Gov'r. In 1673, Gov. Bellingham died, and Mr. Leverett was in- 
troduced to the chair, where in the most perilous j^eriod which Massachu- 
setts ever knew, King Philip's war, his great military talents were fully 
exerted. 'In 1677, he received the honor of Knighthood, from King 
Charles 2d, which was kept secret by the Puritan, ' whether because he 
doubted the stability of the government at home, from which it emanated, 
or because he was too nearly advanced to tlie other world to regard the 
vanities of this, or feared its publicity might render it less acceptable to his 
constituents, by whose suffrages he was annually elected, is perhaps not 
unworthy of conjecture.' '* 

He was so beloved by the Colony, that his election was never 
contested, and he descended with honor to the grave, March 16, 
1678. A full length portrait of him, in military costume, is in the 
Hall of the Essex Institute, Salem, formerly in possession of 
Pres't Leverett's* daughter Mary, wife of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, 
of Ipswich. (64.) 

" He was son of Thomas Leverett, an Alderman of the borough of Bos- 
ton, Lincolnshire, England, which office he resigned July 22d, 1633, in 
view of embarking with his Pastor for N. E., where he arrived Sept. 4th, 
with his wife Ann. He was ordained a Ruling Elder, on the same day 
that Rev. John Cotton was ordained Teacher, of whose Congregation in 
England, he was an ancient and sincere professor." 

(22) in. REV. JOHN,^! 

(60) born at Ipswich, July 7th, 1666, graduated at Harvard 
College, in 1684, the year of his father's death. 

He is desired to assist with his cousin Rev. John Denison, 
the Rev. Mr. Hubbard in the ministry at Ipswich. In October, 
1692, he is ordained colleague with ^Ix. H, who, in 1702, being 
unable to preach, gives up the whole work of the ministry to Mr. 
Rogers, 'till suitable help can be obtained. In 1706, May 26th. 
he preaches the Election sermon ; in 1743, July, at the age of 78, 
he writes an interesting account of a revival in his Congregation, 
which was published, " No. 1." in " Christian History ; " such was 
the strength of his mind, the amount of his acquisitions in learn- 
ing and theology, the prominence of his piety and persevering 
lal3ors of his ministry, that he held a high rank in the estimation 
of the people and the public." He died Dec. 28th, 1745, in the 
80th year of his age, of a stroke of paralysis. 

His parishioners vote X200, O. T., for his funeral expenses. 

The Rev. Mr. Wigglesworth, of the Hamlet, Ipswich, in a ser- 
mon preached on the Sabbath after his death, gives him the 
following character. 

" He was blessed with a clear apprehension and sound judg- 
ment, was of a thoughtful, inquisitive turn of mind, in the diligent 

* Eliot's Bioff. Diet— Pres't Quincy's Hist of II. U.— Pcirce's Hist, of H. U. —Mass 
Hist. Coll. — Town Records of Ipswich. — Memoir of Leverett Family by Dr. Sliurt- 
lefF. — Suffolk Co. Deeds. — Savage's Winthrop. — Funeral Sermons. 

t The engraving in this Genealogy, is from a copy of the original portrait by Smi 
bert, now in the Uall of the Essex Institute at Salem. 



1851.] Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers^ Family, 149 

improvement of which natural advantages, through the blessing of 
God he acquired much knowledge. Christ was pleased to make 
him a wise steward of the mysteries of the Gospel. What a 
multitude of most instructive discourses upon the fundamental 
truths of Christianity hath he delivered from hence ! How edify- 
ing even his private and pleasant conversation to such as visited 
him ! The doctrines of grace hung much upon his hps. He un- 
derstood them clearly, and taught them ungainsayingably. We 
have abundant reason to think him as eminent for his piety as 
learning, as great a Christian as a Divine. There are many living 
witnesses of the success of his ministerial labors, as was a multi- 
tude who went before him to glory, both of which shall be his 
crown when the great Shepherd shall appear. His old age was 
not infirm and decrepid, but robust, active and useful, whereby he 
was enabled to labor in word and doctrine to the last, and to quit 
the stage in action." 

He had the assistance of a colleague Rev. Jabez Fitch, (48) 
from Oct. 24th, 1703, to 1724, when Mr. F. was invited and 
settled at Portsmouth, N. H. For the remainder of his life the 
ministry was carried on by the united labors of himself and son, 
Rev. Nathaniel, (64.) 

The wife of Rev. John Rogers, was Martha Whittingham, to 
whom he was married March 4, 1691. She died March 9th, 1659, 
J^, 89 years. Of her connections and Puritan descent, it may be 
noticed ; her sisters were, 

L Mary Whittingham (wife of Clark, of Boston, and 

afterwards of Gov. Grurdon Saltonstall, of Connecticut,) in whose 
Will as appears on the Probate Records of Suffolk, her nephews, 
sons of Martha, were all liberally remembered, as well as Harvard 
College, of which she was a munificent benefactress. 

2. Elizabeth Whittingham, wife of Hon. Samuel Appleton, of 
Ipswich, and afterwards of Rev. Edward Payson, of Rowley. Her 
brothers were, 

1. Richard Whittingham, graduated at H. C, 1689 ; and 2, 
William Whittingham, who died at the West Indies. (The male 
line of this family is said to have become extinct.) 

They were children of William Whittingham of Ipswich 
(who was grad. at H. C, 1660 ; settled at Boston,) and a 
daughter of John Lawrence of Ipswich, (afterwards an Alder- 
man of New York city.) He died of the small pox, on his pas- 
sage to London, to take care of the family estate falling to him. 

His father was John Whittingham, who came to Ipswich with 
his mother, from Lincolnshire, England, ia 1637-8, in which year 
he is admitted a member of the Ancient and Hon. Artillery Co. 
In 1645, with others of Ipswich and adjacent towns, they are 
formed into a similar company by an act of the Legislature. His 
wife was Martha, daughter of Mr. William Hubbard, and sister 
of Rev. Wm. Hubbard, of Ipswich, where he lived and died ; his 
other sons (besides William before named who m. Lawrence,) 
were John the eldest, and Richard, who both died unmarried in 
England. 



150 Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers' Family. [April, 

By his Will, and Inventory, dated 27, 1 mo., 1G49, recorded in the 
Essex Registry of Deeds at Salem, Mass., it appears, that he bequeathed 
land in Southerton, near Boston, in Lincolnshire, England ; and " the 
present Elders of Ipswich, Mr. Nathaniel Rogers and Mr. John Norton," 
were overseers, and his father-in-law, Mr. William Hubbard, and brother, 
Mr. Samuel Gaugh, and Martha, his wife, Executors and Executrix ; his 
other daughters w^ere Elizabeth and Judith. 

He was a son and heir of Baruch Wiiittingham, of South- 
erton, near Boston, Lincolnshire, England, (the principle builder 
of the church there) who designed to have come to New Eng- 
land, but was taken sick and died, the only son of William Whit- 
TiNGHAM, born in the city of Chester, a Puritan, who in the reign 
of Queen Mary, fled from England to the Continent to preserve 
his conscience and religion, leaving behind an estate of £1100 
sterling a year, and became Pastor of the 1st Congregational 
church in modern times, at Geneva, where he married Katherine 
Calvin, sister of John Calvin, the Reformer. He was son of 
William Whittingham, gentleman, of Holmside, in the County of 

Cheshire, by his wife the daughter of Haughton, of Haugh- 

ton Tower, son of Wm. Whittingham, of Over, the son of Seth 
Whittingham, of Sanlow, in Cheshire. 

William Whittingham, Pastor of the Geneva church, and 
afterwards Dean of Durham, was a commoner of Brazen-Nose 
College, Oxford, in the 16th year of his age, or thereabouts. In 
1550 he travelled in France, cultivating the acquaintance of 
learned men ; intending to visit Italy but being prevented by 
sickness at Lyons, he spent some time among the students at 
Paris, chiefly in the University of Orleans ; continuing here more 
than a year, he went to certain Universities in Germany, thence 
to Geneva, where tarrying 'till towards the end of King Edward 
6th's reign, he returned to England. 

" During this reign many eminent Protestant Divines and Theologian? 
of the continent had been invited to England, that Oxford and Cambridge 
might have the benefit of their learning, and were received by Archbishop 
Cranmer, with the most liberal and cordial hospitality, procuring for 
them such preferments and appointments, as suited their talents and in- 
clinations. 

" Among others, Peter Martyr was appointed Divinity Professor at 
Oxford, at this time also, England was visited by a multitude of exiles, 
seeking shelter from the intolerance of foreign potentates ; in matters oi 
religion they were permitted to follow the dictates of their conscience, 
beyond what was granted to the King's natural born subjects. One of 
the earliest acts of Queen Mary's council, was to Avithdraw the privileges 
which had been granted to these foreign exiles and they were commanded 
to depart the realm. Peter Martyr, soon found that his occupation at 
Oxford, was gone, and was forbidden to leave his house after six weeks 
confinement; Juliano Terentiano who had accompanied him from Swit- 
zerland, repaired to London to make exertions in his behalf, but every one 
who had the will to aid him was overwhelmed in the common difficulties." 

" At last he met with Mr. Whittingham, just returned from his long 
absence on the Continent, who being little involved in the proceedings oi 
the late reign, had time to attend to the troubles of others. He took uj) 



1851.] Memoir of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers^ Family, 151 

the cause of these distressed foreigners, prepared a memorial to the Coun- 
cil in Martyr's name and together with Terentiano went to Richmond, 
and the petition was presented. After many days fruitless attendance and 
much difficulty, permission was granted that Martyr might come himself 
to London and prosecute his suit, of which he instantly took advantage and 
hurried to Lambeth, where his friend Cranmer was still at liberty, and as 
friendly and hospitable as ever, by whose advice he lost no time in leav- 
ing the realm, crossed to Antwerp, thence to Strasburg, where he became 
Teacher of Divinity. His friend the Archbishop was soon after commit- 
ted to the Tower for trial." 

^' Many English people feeling themselves obnoxious to the new govern- 
ment took advantage of these passports to leave the realm, in the charac- 
ter of their servants, but this subterfuge being discovered recourse was 
generally obliged to be had to stratagems of a more subtle kind. Cran- 
mer's advice to many Protestants doubting how far it was right to forsake 
their cause, was clear and decided. ' I exhort you,' he said, being himself 
in prison, ' as well by Christ's commandment as by the example of him and 
his apostles to withdraw yourself from the malice of your and God's ene- 
mies, into some place where God is most purely served which is no slan- 
dering of the truth, but a preserving yourself to God and the truth, and 
to the society of Christ's little flock, and that you will do it with speed, 
lest by your own folly you fall into the persecutor's hands.' " 

" An instance of the ingenuity with which they sometimes escaped the 
slighter kind of difficulties, may be given of the manner in which Mr. 
Wliitlingliam escaped from arrest in May or June, 1554. Queen Mary 
being proclaimed, and the Protestant religion for a time put down, he re- 
solved to go again beyond the seas, riding over London Bridge on his way 
to Dover, and thence to take passage, he met Mr. Harding, (who wrote 
against Jewell) on the Bridge, who after salutation asked him whither he 
was going? He answered, beyond the seas. Mr. H., inquiring the 
cause, he answered, Did you not hear the Proclamation and how the 
Whore of Rome is again erected among us ? To which Mr. H., replied, 
happy are you that ye go for so good a cause." 

" Mr. Whittingham and his companions arriving at Dover that night, 
while at supper the host told his guests that after supper he must carry 
them before the Mayor or Magistrate of the town to be questioned of the 
cause of their going bej^ond the seas, for he had strict commands of the 
council to examine every passenger and Mr. Mayor had as strictly en- 
joined them to bring their guests to be examined as aforesaid, wherein 
their host seeming to grow more peremptory and precise it sorely vexed 
his guests, whilst in this anxiety, a fair grey hound happening to lay on 
the table ; by way of relief, Mr. Whittingham chanced to say, ' Mine host, 
you have here a very fair greyhound ! ' Aye, says the host, this grey 
hound is a very fair greyhound indeed, and is of the Queen's kind. 
* Queen's kind!' said Mr. Whittingham, 'what mean you by that'? 
This is a strange speech ! What good subject can endure to hear such 
strange words spoken of his sovereign, to have her Majesty compared in 
kind with the kind of a dog ? and the words were treasonable, and could 
not see how they could be excused, if they should not go and acquaint the 
magistrate with it, and did further so aggravate the matter on purpose, as to 
drive the host into such fear, that he durst not once mention carrying them 
before the magistrate any more, but was glad to be so freed from their in- 
cumbrance." 

" When Mr. Whittingham and his companions had escaped the 
Dover magistrates and arrived on the coast of Flanders, they pro- 



152 Memoir of Rev, Nathaniel Rogers' Family. [April, 

ceeded to Frankfort, where Vallerandus Pollanus and his Glas- 
tonbury weavers willingly allowed them to remain : And here 
commenced those troubles refipectlng Church vestments and ceremonies j 
the direct Progenitors of the puritanical disturbances which after- 
wards arose in England^ and in that view they acquired an impor- 
tance to which they would otherwise not be entitled." 

" They joined the Englishmen in a petition to the magistrates that they 
might hold their Assemblies for public worship in the same building which 
had already been granted to themselves, and promoted the success of the ap- 
plication by a kind and hearty co-operation. The petition was granted upon 
condition that the Englishmen should not dissent from the French church 
in doctrine or ceremonies, and should subscribe a profession of faith, which 
the Frenchmen had presented to the Magistrates and were about to print. 
The subscription was given, and the Liturgy of the Strangers church at 
Frankfort, which was a short Genevan form originally designed by Calvix, 
was published in 1554, with the signature, among others, of William 
WiiiTTiNGHAM. Having thus fraternized with the French Congregation, 
and proved their allowance of its forms and articles of faith ; the English 
refugees proceeded to consider in what manner their own worship should be 
conducted ; it was agreed, that the English serA'ice-book contained many 
things which were objectionable, and that it should not be adhered to. A 
new form very similar to that used by the French Congregation Mas adopted 
with universal concurrence, and Knox and Lever, who were then at Geneva, 
together with Haddon, Avho was at Strasburg, were invited to become their 
ministers. After proceeding thus far, they write a circular letter to the 
churches of the exiles in other places, apprizing them of what they had done, 
and inviting them to follow their example. This step was followed by instant 
discord. The laying aside of the English prayer-book, and the election of 
their own ministers, were departures from the English Ecclesiastical system 
of which the exiles at vStrasburg, Zurich, and other places did not approve. 
Haddon declined, Lever hesitated to accept the offered ministry, the famous 
John Knox, the Scotch Reformer, alone obeyed the call and entered on the 
charge ; among his supporters were Bull, Foxe, "Whittingham, Keith, 
Macbray, Gilby, Goodman, and others of note, although unquestionably in 
point of authority, they were outweighed by those on the opposite side. 
Finding little chance of a settlement without appealing to some authority, 
Knox and Whittingham, ' drew fortli a plot ' of the English service-book, 
and sent it to Calvin for his opinion ; his answer contained words which 
have done much to render him unpopular with mere Church of England 
men, he treated the P^nglish Liturgy as one step only in the progi-ess 
towards a perfect Reformation, pronouncing it to contain many ' tolerabiles 
iyifptias^ sillinesses that might be endured, dregs of Popery, tilings trifling 
and childish." 

" This opinion brought over many of the opponents, but many it render- 
ed only more obstinate. The men of Strasburg and Zurich, infected some 
of the Frankfort Congregation with these scruj)les, and in the end it was 
thought advisable for the sake of })eace, to remould the order of the ser- 
vice, a new form was accordingly conq)iled, which was partly taken from the 
English book ; it was as approved by a Committee, and was directed to 
be used in the Confrremition for a certain time, with the understnndinix, if 
any further contention should arise, it should be referred for settlement to 
Calvin, Musculus, Martyr, Bullinger, and Viver. 

[To be continued.] 



1851.] Graduates of Harvard originating from Salem. 153 



GRADUATES OF HARVARD ORIGINATING FROM SALEM. 

[Continued from page 56.] 

1804. — Samuel Orne, eld. son of Capt. Wm. O. ; a raercli. in S. : m. 
Lucinda, dau. of Rev. Bezaleel Howard of Springfield, [H. U. 1781] 
May. 1809 ; and d. in Springfield, his residence for some years previous, 
July'28, 1830, (43). 

Joseph E. Sprague, eld. son of Dr. Wm. Stearns [H. U. 

1776] ; att'y-at-law, appointed CI. of the Cts. 1811, Post-master of S., 
1815, displaced in 1829, and the next year succeeded as Sheriff of Essex, 
Baily Bartlett, Esq., of Haverhill. He m. the dau'rs. of the latter, (1 & 
2) Eliza and Sarah L. Bartlett.^^ 

1805. — Ebenezer Hunt Beckford, son of E. B. Esq. ; within a 
few years from College, his mind incurred permanent alienation, and he 
has from that time been resident, under charge, in Andover, south parish 
— unm. 

1806. — Benjamin Binney Osgood, son of Dr. Jos. O. : he was 
placed by his friends, with a view to his more regular life, in the Marine 
corps of the U. S, Navy, and d. — unm. — on board the U. S. ship 
Washington, Jan. 1818. 

1807. — John Glen King, second son of James K., Esq. ; like many 
others of his own and the succeeding cla^^s, he left college in May, 1807, 
the period of what is known as " the grand Commons rebellion," but re- 
ceived a degree in 1818 ; couns. at law in S. ; also a Senator from Essex, 
of the Exec. Council, and first [?] Pres. of the City Council of S. He m. 
Susan, dau, of Major Fred. Oilman, of Gloucester. 

Nathaniel West, eld. son of Capt. N. W. :for a while merch. 

in S. ; m. Mary, eld. dau. of Capt. Henry White, of Beverly, Aug., 1811 ; 
removed to Indianopolis in 1835, from which he was a delegate to the 
State Assembly in 1842 ; and d. in S., while visiting his father, of a linger- 
ing disease (cancer in the stomach,) Sept. 7, 1843 (55). 

1808. — Henry Peirce, youngest son of Jerathm. P. : for a short period 
in the practice of law in S., but now for many years a Clerk in the State 
Bank, Boston ; m. within a few years, m. Cath. Calista Ainsworth, of 
Roxbury. 

1809. — Francis Calley Gray, third son of Hon. Wm. G. : entered 
the profession of law, with which, however, his connection was short and 
slight ; a gent, and man of letters ; and from 1826, for ten years a Fellow 
of the corporation of II. U. Unm. 

1811. — Jonathan Peele Dabnfy, only son of John D., Post-master: 
student in theology, and for a few years preacher ; compiler or editor of 
various works, 1821 — '37; resident from 1820, at intervals in Andover, 
Cambridge or Boston. Unm. 

Samuel Calley Gray. eld. son of S. G., Esq., (afterwards of 

Medford) : merch. in Boston, and of late years, Pres. of the Atlas Bank ; 
m. Elizabeth, dau. of Jos. White, jr., July, 1829, (who deceased Apr., 
1842) and d. early in Nov. 1849. 

John Chipman Gray, fourth son of Hon. Wm. G. : gent, of 

leisure and letters ; Orator of the P. B. K. Society, and frequent contrib- 
utor to the N. A. Review ; and for more than twenty years, with scarcely 
an interval, Repr., Senator (from Suffolk), or of the Council. He m. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Sam'l P. Gardiner, of B., May, 1820. 

Robert Hawkins Osgood, son of Capt. John 0. : a merch 

5 



154 Graduates of Harvard originating from Salem. [April, 

in Baltimore, Md., now removed to New York city, (where for some years 
he has been one of the house of " Plarnden & Co.") He m. Sally Archer, 
of S. 

Clarke Gayton Pickman, second son of Col. B. P., (see ante.): 

has been of no profession, and long subject to undue nervous excitement ; 
resident for many years past in Charlestown, East Cambr., &c. Unm. 

AViLLiAM Aug. Rogers, fourth son of Nath. R. [H. U. 1782] : 

adopted a maritime life, and under the delirium of a brain fever, threw 
himself into the canal or river at Siam, Oct. or Nov. 1821, then comman- 
der of the brig Texel from S. Unm. 

1812. — Richard Derby, son of Gen. S. G. D. (see ante.): d. of 
consumption in S. — unm. — then Assistant Surgeon of the Independence, 
Dec, 1815 (23). 

Francis Gerrish, son of Samuel G. : d. in S., April, 1819, 

— unm. — then styled "late Surgeon in the U. S. Navy," (26). 

1813. — Andrew Dunlap, only son of And. D. : couns. at law in S., 
removed to Boston and in 1829 was made U. S. District Attorney ; m. 
Augusta, dau. of Samuel Fales of B., and d. of consumption, (induced by 
excess of exertion on a particular trial,) at his mother's in S., July 27, 
1835, (40). 

Charles Forrester, youngest son of Capt. Simon F. : d. — 

unm. — April 10, 1816. 

John Foster, second son of Abram F. : practiced law in S. 

for an uncertain time ; m. Ruth, dau. of Wm. Emerson of Topsfield, Apr. 
1819 ; and d., the inmate of a New Yoi-k hospital, Jan. 1836. 

1814. — George Derby^, second son of John Derby, (see ante.) : orig- 
inally a member of I'iowdoin Coll., he transferred his connections to Har- 
vard ; in the autumn of 1817, he went abroad for tlie recovery of his 
health and d. of an hemorrhage on board the Coromandel, on her homeward 
passage, then a few days from port, Aug. 20, 1818, (24) — unm. He was 
conspicuous for personal grace. 

Joseph Peirce Nichols, eighth son of Capt. Ich. N. : d. in 

Lima, South America, Oct. 28, 1823, — unm. — then supercargo of a 
merchant ship. 

^WiLLiAM HiCKLiNG Prescott, eld. son of Hon. Wm. P. [H. 

U. 1783] : at an early stage, a serious injury to his eyes, received in col- 
lege, drew him from the ])nth of the law, to that of literature ; and 
in despite of failing, and at times, almost extinct vision, he has won for 
himself by his three historical works, a world-wide reputation. He m. 
Susan, dau. of Thos. C. Amory of B. and resides in that city. 

Edward West, youngest son of Capt. Nath'l W. : d. — unm. 

— as commander of the ship Hercules, at the Isle of Timor, E. I., March 
11,1818. 

181-5. — Henry Felt Baker, only child of Henry F., mariner, (ex- 
changing since, the name for that of his step-fatlier, J. Baker) : merch. at 
pres(^nt, in Boston; m. Caroline, dau. of Jn. Boit, of Jamaica Plain, Nov. 
1822. 

Joseph Sebastian Cabot, eld. son of Jos. C. (see ante): 

merch. in S., for many yea is ))ast Pres. of the Asiatic Bank, fourth Mayor 
of the city, (1845) ; m. Marl ha, sister of Rev. Oliver Stearns, now of 
Ilingham, who deceased eai'ly after marriage. 

William Fairfield Gardiner, only child of Jon. G.: resides, 

without profession, in South Salem ; m. Elizabeth Barker, of Marblehead, 

■ • Richard M. Hodges, second son of Gam. H.: fourth min. of 

Bridge water, south par. [1821-*33]; is now resident in Cambr. and an 



1851.] Graduates of Harvard originating from Salem. 155 

occasional preacher ; m. Eliza Quincy, dau. of Gen. Wm. Donnison, of 
Bost., Nov., 1821. 

Charles LA>yRENCE, third son of Capt. Abel L. : lives in Dan- 

vers, an active promoter of horticulture ; m. Lucy Ann, only dau. of Capt. 
Wra. Ward, of Medford, Nov., 1833. 

Joseph Orne, third son of Capt. Wm. 0.: student in the 

Cambr. Theological school, but did not pursue the profession, and d. in S. 
of consumption, Sept. 2, 1818, (22.) His widow — Sarah P. Ropea, ni. 
May, 1817 — survives him. His only child (Eliz'h. O.) a victim of the 
same malady with the father, d. in S. a few years since. 

Gayton Pickman Osgood, the son of Isaac O., Esq., of S. and 

Andover : entered the career of the law in S. but leaving the profession, 
moved in a very few years to Andover, his home thenceforth ; M. C. for 
Essex North District [1833-35] — unm. 

Hasket Derby Pickjian, third son of Col. B. P. Jr. (see 

ante.): d. unm. in Bost., of an abscess from an internal injury received in 
college, Oct. 22, 1815, (19.) 

Samuel R. Putnam, eld. son of Hon. S. P. [H. U., 1787] ; 

merch. in Bost.; m. Mary, dau. of Rev. Dr. Lowell, May, 1832. 

Ebenezer Putnam, eld. son of E. P. (see ante.:) for many years 

from college, his life chiefly passed in tlie Southern or Western states ; 
Post-master of S. [1829-'38] ; m. Elizabeth, dau. of J. Sparhawk Apple- 
ton, of S. 

1816. — Richard Gardner, only child of Capt. R. G.: for many years a 
private teacher in S., having been previously Head of one of the public 
schools ; m. Abby, dau. of Capt. Tho. West, of S. 

Nathan Ward Neal, second son of Capt. Jon. N. : merch. in S. 

and unm. [Mr. N. d. while this number was passing through the press, 
Nov. 17, 1850.] 

Joseph Aug. Peabody, eld. son of Capt. Jos. P. : a merch. in S., 

who d. of a brain fever, June, 1828 (31.) His widow — Louisa, second 
dau. of Hon. Judge Putnam, — soon after his death, removed to Bost. 

WiLLAM Ward, youngest son of Capt. Wm. Ward, of Salem 

and Medford : began life in a commercial house, as clerk ; for two or three 
years retired to Danville, Vt.; next, engaged as the editor of some press 
in Washington, and soon obtained a place in the War Department under 
Mr. Secretary Cass ; in which he d. suddenl}^, unm., Apr., 1839. 

Joseph Gilbert WATERS,eld. son of Capt. J. W.: att'y-at-law 

in S., and of late years, a Justice of the Police Ct.; m. Eliza G., second 
dau. of Capt. Penn Townsend. 

Stephen Wheatland, eld. son of Capt. Rich'd. W.: d. unm., — 

off the Cape de Verde Islands, then supercargo of the " Perseverance," 
on his passage to the E. I., Feb., 1819. 

Thomas March Woodbridge, youngest son of Th. M. W., (but 

b. probably in Savannah, Geo. ?) for a time in the practice of law, but 
evincing, in a few years, mental alienation, was placed under charge 
(1831 or, 32) in the Worcester Asylum. This he abruptly quitted in 
Aug., 1836, and is, after some interval, next heard of in a similar retreat 
at Williamsburg, Va., where his life terminated — felo de se — probably 
in 1838. Unm. 

1818. — Samuel Burrill, second son of Eben'r. B., formerly stage pro- 
prietor : teacher of a private school in S.; d. unm., from bleeding at the 
lungs, Sept., 1830. 

William Paine Cabot, second son of Jos. C. (see ante.): d. of 

consumption, unm. Dec. 19, 1826 (27.) 



156 Grraduates of Harvard originating from Salem. [April, 

Ezp:kiel IIervy Derby, eld. son of E. H. D., (see ante.:) m. 

Eliz'h. D., dau. of Col. B. Pickman, of S.; and d., then att'y-at-law in 
Bost., Nov. 14, 1839 (40.) 

'George Osborne, only son of G. 0.: Pliys. in Danvers ; m. 

Sarah W., dau. of Capt. Tho. Whittredge, (Dec, 1831.) 

Richard Goodhue Wheatland, second son of Capt. R. W.:a 

sea captain; m. Mary B., dau. of Jn. Richardson, of Newton, (Feb, 
1823,) and d. in S. of consumption, Feb., 1842. 

Thomas Cook Whittredge, second son of Capt. Th. W.: for 

several years sea-capt., but now retired ; m. Susan L. Mead, (May, 1827.) 

1819. — Oliver Frye, fifth and youngest sonofNathanJ F.: a Phys., 
who began his profession at the South (Norfolk and Charleston) and then 
removed to Greene co., Ilhnois. He d. unm., at his brother's in Gilead, 
Calhoun co., 111., of a liver complaint, a few days after reaching there, 
Feb. 27, 1832 (32.) 

Horace Gray, fifth son of Hon. AVm. G. of S. and Boston : a 

merch. in B. ; m. Harriet, dau. of Phineas Upham, of B.; (2) Sarah 
Russell, dau. of vSam. P. Gardner, July, 1837. 

Stephen Clarendon Phillips, only child of Capt. Stephen P.: 

merch. in S.; M. C. for Essex South District [1831-38,] second Mayor of 
the city [1838-42,] candidate of " the Free-soil" interest for Gov. of the 
state [1848 & '49 ;] m. (1, 2,) Jane Appleton and Margaret M. (Sept., 
1838,) — dau'rs. of Willard Peele, Esq., (see ante.) 

Joseph Hardy Prince, second son of Capt. Henry P.: began 

his career as an att'y-at-law in S. After an interval of some years passed 
first in the Bost. Custom-H. and next, in the U. S. Navy, be resumed his 
profession in S., — now removed to Bost. Unm. 

Benjamin Wheatland, third son of Capt. R. W.: Agent for 

many years of the Newmarket Manuf. Co., of late Treasurer of the Com- 
pany and lives in S.; m. Mary B., dau. of Luke Bemis, of Watertown. 

1822. — Nathaniel Ingersol Bowditch, eld. son of Hon. N. B. of 
S. and Bost.: a conveyancer ; m. E. B. dau. of Eben'r. Francis, of Bost.. 
Apr. 1835. 

William Putnam Endicott, second son of Capt. Sam'l. E. 

merch. in S.; m. (1.) Mary, dau. of Hon. Jacob Crowningshield, (Feb.. 
1826,) (2.) Harriet F., wid. of Jos. Peabody, Jr. 

Horatio Robinson, son of Nathan R., merch.: has taken a med- 
ical degree, but never engaged actively in the profession, and d. unm., of 
dysentery, in Andover, Sept., 10, 1849. 

1823. — John Clark Lee, only son of Nath. C. L.: left college, with 
many of his companions, during the great class excitement of 1823, but 
received a degree in 1842 ; from 1826— '30, a wholesale dry goods merch. 
in Boston, (firm of Merrick & Lee,) and after passing the long interval to 
1848 in S., resumed that year business in B. (firm of Lee & Higginson, 
brokers.) He m. Harriet Rose, of Worcester. 

Benjamin Swett, eld. son of Capt. B. S.: d. unm. in Andover . 

north par. (to which his mother had removed,) of consumption, Dec, 20, 
1823. (20.) 

1824 — Stephen Webb, son of Michael W., grocer.: d. in S. unm. — 
then student of medicine., Aug. 2G, 1826. (23.) 

Elias Hasket Derby, eld. son of Gen. E. H. D., of S. and 

Londonderry, N. H.: an att'y-at-hiw in Boston, but whose attention for 
some years has been chiefly turned to objects extra-professional ; an 
engaged ))atron of the rail-road interest. He m. Eloise Lloyd, dau. of 
Geo. W. Strong, Esq., of N. York city, Sept. 1834. [The elder D. was 



1851.] Graduates of Harvard originating from Salem. 157 

originally a class-mate of his brother John (1786 — see ante.:) but his 
connection was broken off in his Sophomore year. Pie received a Mas- 
ter's degree in 1803.] 

Joseph Osgood, third son of Joseph O., druggist : phys. and 

Post-master in Danvers ; m. Maria, dau. of J. B. AVinchester. 

Charles Gidon Putnam, second son of Hon. S. P., [H. U., 

1787,] now of Boston: commenced his medical practice in S., but re 
moved within five years to Bost.; m. Elizabeth Cabot, dau. of Dr. James 
Jackson, (June, 1835.) 

George Thomas Saunders, youngest son of Tho's. S. Esq.: m. 

Marianne, dau. of Samuel Browne ; resides in S., but — as is believed — 
with no profession. 

Nathaniel SiLSBEE,only son of Hon. N. S. , (formerly U. S. Sen- 
ator :) merch. in S., Repr. for two years, present Mayor of the city (elected 
first, 1849) ; m. Mary Anne C, dau. of Humphrey Devereux (Nov., 1826.) 

i Jeremiah Chaplin Stickney, only son of John S.: att'y-at- 

law in Lynn; m. Anne Frazier, of S. (Jan. 1830.) 

Augustus Torrey, fifth and youngest son of Dr. Jos. T.: phys. 

in Beverly ; m. Deborah Cox, neice of the Hon. Nathan Dane. 

Stephen Palfrey Webb, only son ofSteph. AV.: att'y-at-law in 

S., Repr. and Senator from Essex ; third Mayor of S. [May, 1842-45] ; 
Hannah, dan. of Nathan Robinson, merch. 

George Wheatland, fourth son of Capt. Rich'd. W.: couns.- 

at-law in S., Repr. and Senator from Essex ; m. Hannah B., dau. of Jn. 
Richardson of Newton, (Feb., 1833.) 

1825. — Edward Goldsborough Prescott, 3'oungest son of Hon. 
Wm. P., of S. and Bost., [H. U., 1783] : for a few years in the profession 
of the law in Bost., which he left ; from 1838 Rector of St. John's ch., 
Salem, N. J.; m. Margaret Johnson Smith, of that place, Apr. 1840 ; 
and d. on board the Harbinger, Apr.. 11, 1844, just after leaving port, 
then bound to Fayal for the benefit of his health. 

John Goodhue Tread well, only child of Dr. John D. T. 

[II. U , 1788 :] phys. in S., and unm. 

1826. — Nehemiah Adams, eld. son of Dea. N. A.: first min. of the 
Shepherd Congr. Society, [1829-34;] since that time, third min. of the 
Essex St. Ch., Boston ; m. (1.) Martha, dau. of Wm. Hooper, of Marble- 
head, (Jan., 1832.) (2.) Sarah Williston Brackett, of Easthampton, 
(May, 1850.) Dr. A., (whose clerical distinction was given by Amherst 
Coll. 1847) has published five occasional discourses, and one or two 
essays on questions of Unitarian theology (Strictures on Drs. Ware and 
Gannett.) 

Benjamin Cox, eld. son of B. C, phys.: in S.; m. Sarah How- 
ard, wid. of Henry R. Daland, and dau. of Capt. James Silver, (Dec, 1841.) 

Nathaniel Phippen Knapp, third son of Capt. Jos. J. 

Knapp, of S. and Brooklyn, N. Y.: att'y-at-law in Marblehead, where he 
m. Margaret, dau. of John Bond, of M.; took orders in the epis. ch., 1833, 
and from 1838, Rector of Christ ch., Mongomery, Ala. 

1827. — William Hathorne Brooks, third son of Luke B,, lumber 
merch.: an instructor in Lancaster for three years from college ; and, hav- 
ing been at the head of the Salem High sch. [1830-'37,] returned to L., 
(where he m. Sarah, sister of James G. Carter, Esq.,) until 1842. He 
that year opened in Bost. a " Classical and Mathem. Sch." 

Benj. Varnum Crowningshield, eld. son of Hon. B. W. 

C, of S. and Bost.: d. of a typhus fever on his birth-day, Jan. 26, 1829 
(21,) — unm. — then a student-at-law. 
5* 



158 Graduates of Harvard originating from Salem. [April, 

1828. — Charles Babbidge, son of John B., mechanic : first min. of 
the Unit. Society, Pepperell, ord. Feb., 1833 ; m. Eliza A., dau. of Luther 
Bancroft, of P., (Jan. 1839.) 

Henry Ingersoll Bowditch, third son of Hon. N. B.: Phys. 

in Bost.; m. Olivia Yardley, of Lond., (July, 183G.) A devoted champion 
of the Anti-slavery movement. 

George Nichols, eld. son of Geo. N., broker ; an evangelist to 

the Unit, society, Meadville, Pa., 1831 ; bookseller in Cambr. and then in 
Bost. (in B. of the firm of J. M. Munroe, & Co.) from 1833 ; since Feb., 
1842, Corrector of the Univ. Press, C. He m. Susan, eld. dau. of Jn. 
W. Treadwell, of S. 

John Lewis Russell, eld. son of Col. Jn. R.: ord. as an evange- 
list, at Pittsburg, Pa.; for a few years in charge of the society at Chelmsford. 
and since (until recently,) of that at " Great Plain," Hingham. His repu- 
tation as a naturalist is high and undisputed. Unm. 

William Gray Swett, eld. son of Col. Sam'l. S., of S. and 

Bost. [H. U., 1800] : seventh min. of Lexington [1836-39,] ord. over 
the Unit, society in Lynn, Jan. 1, 1840. He m. Charlotte, dau. of El. 
Phinney, of Lexington, (Apr., 1842,) and died in Charlestown, of 'an 
enlargement of the heart, after a few weeks' illness,' Feb. loth, 1843. 

1829. — Natli. Foster Derby, fourth son of John D, (see ante.:) d. 
unm., then a student of medicine (July 13, 1830) (21.) 

Nicholas Devereux, third son of Capt. James D.: began his 

career in the practice of law at Marblehead, and for a very brief season 
(1833,) editor of a weekly print in S.; for many years past, under charge 
in the asylum at Somerville, where he d., unm., March 2, 1848 (39.) 

Geo. Humphrey Devereux, eld. son of Humph. D., Esc 

[H. U.,1798] : for a few years att'y-at-law in S.; then for a longer period 
a lumber-agent at Cherryfield, Me.; in 1847, constituted Adj. Gen. of thi 
State. He m. Charlotte S., dau. of Jn. Forrester. 

Benj. Peirce, eld. son of B. P. (see ante.:) Tutor at Camb 

[1829-31,] since which date, Univ. Prof, of Math, and N. Philosophy 
He m. Sarah M., dau. of E. H. Mills, of Northampton, (Apr., 1833. 
Prof. P. has published, between 1836-'46, three or four treatises in th( 
line of his department, intended and used chiefly as text-books of in 
struction. 

Joshua Holyoke Ward, only son of Josh. W.: att'y-at-law ii 

Danvers, but removed to S.; Repr. from each place ; became Assoc. Jui 
tice of the C. PI. Ct., 1845 ; and d. unm., June 5, 1848 (39.) 

1830. — William Andrews, second son of the late John H. A 
seventh min. of Chelmsford, ord. March 30, 1836, and d. unm., fror 
congestion of the brain, Nov. 17, 1838 (28.) 

John White Broayne, youngest son of James B., (formerly 

the S. Custom-house :) att'y-at-law awhile in Lynn, and at this time tli 
same in Boston ; for the interval of years between, a teacher in variou 
places (at Andover (north par.,) Lowell and Lynn.) He m. Martha Am 
dau. of Capt. Barnabas Lincoln, of Hingham. 

Richard Pulling Jenks, third son of John J.: teacher 

New York city ; m. Hannah Barnard, of Deerfield. 

John Pickering, eld. son of Hon. Jn. P. (see ante.:) att'y-a 

law in Bost. (and during his father's life, in connection with him) but hi 
his home in Broad st., S. He there m. Mehit. S. Cox, Oct., 1850. 

1831. — Henry White Pickerini^, brother of the preceding : abrokc 
in Bost.;m. Francis Dana, dau. of Nath. Goddard, April, 1835. 

Francis Hodges Silsbee, eld. son of Zach. S.: entered upc 



1851.] Graduates of Harvard originating from Salem. 159 

the practice of the law, but in about a year — Oct., 1835, — became Cashier 
of the Merchant's Bank in S., in which post, he d. unm, " after a long and 
lingering illness," Nov. 19, 1848. 

Benj. Hodges Silsbee, eld. son of the late Wm. S.: succeeded 

his cousin (the preceding,) as Cashier of the Merchant's B.; previously 
but little in business ; m. Eliz'h. J., eld. dau. of Rev. J. White, of Dedham. 

1832. — Haley Forrester Barstow, eld. son of Hon. Gideon B.: att'y- 
at-law originally in South-Reading ; he removed to Michigan, and is since 
married. 

Charles Timothy Brooks, eld. son of Tim. B.: obtained the 

second honors of his class ; since, min. of the Unit. Society, Newport, R. 
I., from June, 1839, (its date of origin;) published in 1842 [2. 12mo,] 
" Songs and Ballads, translated " from various German Lyrical Poets. 
He m. Harriet, second dau. of Benj. Hazard, of N. 

Geo. Wm. Cleveland, only son of Geo. C, merch.: a sea-com- 
mander for a few years from college ; since which, a trader at Pontatock, 
Miss., where he d. Sept. 20, 1848. He m. Harriet Allen, of S., July, 1838. 

William Fabens, eld. son of Capt. William F.: att'y-at-law in 

Marblehead ; m. Lucretia, only child of Dr. Chandler Flag^, of M. 

William Prescott Gibbs, eld. son of Wm. G. and gr.-son of 

Henry G. (see ante.): in the Law Sch. at Cambr., and of late has engaged 
in the practice of the profession in Lexington ; for many years in the 
interval cultivated his father's farm in L. Unm. 

Charles Grafton Page, second son of Jer. L. P.: phys., and 

for a time much engaged as a lecturer ; since in the Patent office at Wash- 
ington, where he m. Prise. S. Webster, Sept., 1844. Dr. P., is now Prof- 
of Chemistry in the Columb. College, D. C. 

. Archer Ropes, second son of AYm. R.: att'y-at-law in Balti- 
more ; — once known as Capt. of the " Maryland Cadets." 

John Boardman Silsbee, second son of Zach. S.: a super- 
cargo to the E. L, and since, a merch. in S. 

William Silsbee, second son of Wm. S.: ord. at Walpole, N. 

H., seventh min. over the Congr. Society, July 1, 1840, since resigned; 
m. Charlotte, neice of Hon. Joseph Lyman, of Northampton. 

John Henry Silsbee, brother of the preceding : gent, in S., or 

now rather, a merch.; m. Rebecca Ann, dau. of the late Pickerino; Dod^re. 

William Henry West, eld. son of Nath. W., Jr., (see ante :) en- 
tered the legal profession at Indianapolis, Ind.; m. there Agnes Saunders, 
and d. of dysentery, Aug., 1838. 

Henry Wheatland, youngest son of Capt. R. W.: took a medi- 
cal degree, without pursuing the profession, and has been almost wholly oc- 
cupied as a genealogist and naturalist. Unm. 

1833. — Samuel Page Andrews, third son of John H. A.: temporarily 
a preacher, afterwards a druggist in Bost., and now cultivates a farm in 
Framingham. Unm. 

William Mack, only son of Elisha M., Esq , [ Wms. Coll. 1804]: 

Phys. in S. and unm. 

John Osgood Stone, third son of Robert S., merch.: Phys. in 

New York city ; m. Cath. dau. of Patrick T. Jackson, of Bost. 

Joseph White, only son of Hon. Stephen W., once merch. in 

S.: d. at the Maverick house, E. Boston, July 1, 1838 (22.) 

Charles Henry Pierce, second son of B. P. (see ante.:) has 

left his profession (a Phys. in S.,) to enter the Lawrence Scientific 
School. Unm. 

1834. — Gideon F. Barstow, third son of Hon. G. B.: a Phys. in 



160 Graduates of Harvard originating from Salem. [April, 

New York at first, and afterwards established in Salem. He is now an 
engineer in Bost. Unm. 

William Putnam Richardson, eld. son of Capt. Wm. P. R.: 

began life as a Phys. in Salem, since removed to Kendal co., Illinois. Unm. 

Nathaniel West, second son of N. W., Jr. (see ante.:) re- 
moved, with his father, to Indianapolis, Ind., where he m. Margaret Jane 
Hervey. 

1835. — Francis Cummins, eld. son of Hon. David C. [Dartm. C, 
1806,] formerly of S.: att'y-at-Iaw in Springfield, and since in Dorchester, 
where he d. unm., Sept. 3, 1849 (33.) 

Francis Alfred Fab ens, second son of Capt. Benj. F.: att'y-at- 

law in S., since removed to Bost. ; m. Sarah F., dau. of Capt. Tobias Davis. 

Edward Lander, eld. son of E. L. merch. in S. : Att'y at 

law in the vicinity, — successively at South Reading, Lynn, and Danvers. 
He has since migrated to Indianapolis, Ind., and filled the post of a District 
Att'y for the State. Mr. L. was lately (May, 1850,) appointed Judge 
of C. PI. for Marion co. Meanwhile, he served in the late Mexican war 
as a Capt. of volunteers under both Gen'ls. Scott and Taylor, though 
not brought into actual conflict. Unm. 

Charles W. Palfrey, only son of Warwick P. : entered the 

profession and practice of law, but on the his father's death, succeeded him 
in the editorial care of the Essex Register. Unm. 

1836. — James Chisholm, son of Wm. C. : had charge of the episco- 
pal church at Charlottesville, Va., took priests' orders, July 1842, and 
is now Rector of Martinsburg, Berkley co. Va. 

Daniel Cook, eld. son of Nathan C, sea-capt. : for several 

years a teacher in Mississippi ; now returned to S., where he is a ma- 
chinist. 

Edward Aug. Crowninshield, fourth son of Hon. B. W. C. : 

Att'y. at law, in B. ; m. Caroline M., dau. of Francis Welsh of B., Jan. 
1840. 

Jones Very, eld. son of J. V., sea-capt. : had the second 

honors of Commencement-day; Greek Tutor at Carab. [1836-'38] ; pub- 
lished a small vol. of *' Essays and Poems " (1839) ; and is now resident 
— unm. — in S. 

Thomas Barnard West, eld. son of Capt. Thos. W. : had the 

third honors of his class at graduation ; and was teacher of a female school 
in Beverly at his death (from dysentery) Oct. 11, 1842, (26.) Unm. 

1838. — Wm. Ingersoll Bowditch, fourth son of Hon. N. B. : att'y 
at law in Bost.; m. Sarah P., dau. of James Higginson, of Bost., (Sept. 
1844.) 

William Burley Howes, eld. son of Fred. H., Esq. : att'y 

at law in Bost. 

John Gallison King, eld. son of J. G. K. (see ante) : att'y 

at law, in Bost. ; m. Jane Frances, dau. of Gustavus Tuckerman, of Bost. 
(May, 1843.) 

William Henry Prince, eld. son of John P., Jr., (see ante.)-. 

Phys. in S. ; m. Eliz'h Lucretia Bullard Parker of Pepperell. 

Henry Orne Stone, second son of Deac. John S. : Phys. in 

Bost. ; m. Mary B. Low, (Nov. 1844.) Dr. S. has removed to Concord. 

William Wetmore Story, only son of Hon. Jos. S. of S. and 

Camb. : pursued in B. the legal profession a very few years ; since a 
student of sculpture (in which art some happy specimens have come from 
his hand, at Florence, Italy. He m. Emeline Eldredge of Bost. (Oct., 1843.) 

1840. — Geo. Francis Chever, third son of Capt. James W. C. : 
att'y-at-law, in S. 



1851.] Graduates of Harvard originating from Salem. 161 

Edward Brooks Pierson, eld. son of Dr. A. L. P. [H. U. 

1812] : Phys. in S. ; m. Cath. P., eld. dau. of Nath. Saltonstall. 

William .Orne White, eld. son of Hon. Judge White, (II. U. 

1797.) : absent in Europe for his health ; m. Margaretta E. Harding of 
Springfield, (Sept. 1848,) and ord. over the new Unitarian Society, West 
Newton, the same autumn. 

1841. — William St. Agnan Stearns, only son of Richard S., and 
gr.-son of Wra. S. [H. U. 177G] : Att'y at law in Maiden ; m. Hannah 
Emily Whitman of Bost., (May, 1849.) 

Henry Osgood Stone, fourth son of Rob't S. merch. ; Phys. 

in Bost. 

1842. — Benjamin Barstow, only son of the late Benj. B. (and 
cousin to the graduates of the name, (1832 & '33 :) att'y-at-law in S. 

— Frederick Howes, second son of F. H. Esq. : went to Eu- 
rope to complete his medical studies, and d., of consumption. May, 1849, on 
his passage from Charleston, to New York, having just then commenced 
the practice of the profession. 

Samuel Johnson, eld. son of Dr. Samuel J. [H. U. 1814.] : 

entered the ministry thro' the Divinity Sch. Camb. ; an occasional preacher 
since ; and now, (May, 1850,) engaged for the next half year at Dorches- 
ter ; joint-compiler with Sam. Longfellow, of " Book of Hymns for public 
and private devotion," (18mo, 1846.) 

Stephen Henry Phillips, eld. son of Hon. S. C. P. (see 

ante :) commenced his career as att'y at law in Bost., removed to S. in 
the close of 1849, and is the present editor of the " Jjaw Reporter." 

1843. — Horace Putnam Farnham, eld. son of Putnam I. F.: att'y- 
at-law in S. 

Washington Very, second son of Jones V.: Theol. student 

for a time ; now a private teacher in S. 

Henry Orne White, second son of the Hon. Judge W. : Phys. 

in S. 

1844. — Joseph Peabody, eld. son of Col. Francis P. ; student in the 
Scientific schools of Germany and Paris. 

Stephen Goodhue Wheatland, eld. son of R. G. W. (see 

ante) : student-at-law in S. 

Leverett Saltonstall, eld. son of Hon. L. S. [H. U. 1802] : 

att'y-at-law in Boston. 

1845. — Wm. Henry Thorndike, second son of Larkin S., Esq. : 
Phys. in Boston. 

1846. — Wm. Seyer Brazer, eld. son of the late Rev. Dr. B. [H. U. 
1813] : d. as a student in the academy at West Point, July 17, 1849, (23.) 

Geo. Cheyne Shattuck Choate, eld. son of Dr Geo. C. : 

Phys. in S. 

Joseph Barlow Felt Osgood, son of Capt. Wm. 0. : Att'y- 
at-law in S., and a Rep. of the city (1850.) 

Henry Samuel Ropes, son of Hardy R., Esq., (now of Camb.) 

; a teacher in Marblehead, and since student in the Law School, Cambr. 
I 1847. — George Andrews, fifth son of John H. A. : student in the 
I Law Sch. Camb. 

Aug. Porter Chamberlain, son of Benj. P. C. now in Europe. 

Wm. Crownshield Endicott, eld. son of W. P. E. (see 

ante. :) student at the Law Sch. Camb. 

Joshua Johnson, second son of Dr. Sam'l J. 

Geo. Wm. Phillips, third son of Hon. S. C. P. : student in 

Engineering and Surveying. 



162 



Extraordinary Family — Leonard. 



[April, 



1848. — Charles French, third son of R. H. F. [H. U. 1798] : stu- 
dent-at-law. 

Stephen Bradshaw Ives, eld. son of S. B. I., Esq. : sometime 

a teacher in West Newbury ; now a resident in S. 

Henry Saltonstall, son of Nathaniel S. : in mercantile busi- 
ness in Bost. 

1849. — Charles Francis Choate, second son of Dr. Geo. C; George 
Johnson, third son of Dr. Sam'l J. ; James Andrew Gillis, son of James 
D. G. ; Charles Jackson Thorndike, third son of Larkin T, Esq. 



EXTRAORDINARY FAMILY. 



To the PubUsher of the Register. 

Dear Sir : — I send you inclosed, for the next Historical and Gen 
Reg. if possible, the names of two children, at whose births, not only the 
parents and grand-parents, but all the great-grand parents were alive 
The names of the whole are given, with the date of their respective births 
The three who are asterized are now dead. All the survivors reside ir 
Pittsfield, Mass., and are among its most respectable inhabitants. ^ Yoi 
are challenged to produce a similar w^ell-authenticated case, in the historj 
of New England or of the United States. The manner in which the lis" 
shall be published, I leave to your judgment. 

Pittsfield, Ms., 18 Nov., 1850. C. 



J Maria E. Merrill, 
X Charles E. Merrill, 

J John E. Merrill, 
(Mary E. Childs, 

( Phillips Merrill, 
( Frances A. Stanton, 
( Levi Childs, 
\ Eliza H. Root, 

( Hosea Merrill, 
( *Sarah Phillips, 
( * Robert Stanton, 
( *Anna Tracy, 
J Isaac Childs, 
I^Mary Stanton, 

{James Root, 
Elizabeth Stocking 



CHILDREN. 

Born 

PARENTS. 

Born 



grand-parents. 

Born^ 

(( 

it 

GREAT grand-parents. 

Born 

a 
it 
a 
u 
u 
a 



o> 



July 30th, 1844. 
Oct. 10th, 1845. 

May 21st, 1820. 
June 19th, 1822. 

Oct. 12th, 1790. 
June 29th, 1794. 
March 11th, 1798. 
Oct. 30th, 1801. 

June 19th, 1761. 
July 27th, 1762. 
August 14th, 1768. 
Feb. 23d, 1773. 
July 1st, 1775. 
July 28th, 1777. 
Feb. 25th, 1781. 
May 9th, 1780. 



Leonard. — Leeds, England, 16 March, 1784. — Saturday last, W, 1 
Leonard, late an Ai)othecary in this town, was tried at York, and foun 
guilty of obtaining models and plans of machines and utensils used in th 
woolen manufactory with intent to export the same to America, and sei 
tencod to suffer twelve months imprisonment, to pay a fine of £200, and 
be imprisoned until the fine be paid. 
Mas. Spy, 6 May, 1784. 



t 



1851.] Family of Huntington, 163 



FAMILY OF HUNTINGTON. 

North Hadley, 1 mo., 22, 1849. 
Esteemed Friend, the Publisher of the N. E. Hist, and Gen. Rcoister: 

I inclose a copy of a letter written by Dr. Joseph Huntington, minister a lono- 
time in Coventry, Ct. I have nothing to show the date of the letter. I take some 
interest in this account, being a descendant of the Huntington family — my mother 
being of that name. — I am of the seventh generation from the original Simon, in 
the line of his son Christopher. 

Very Respectfully thy Friend, 

Dexter M. Leonard. 
Copy of a letter from Dr. Joseph Huntington, of Coventry, Ct., to his 

brother, Mr. EUphalet Huntington^ of Windha)n, Ct., who remained on 

the homestead. 

Near the close of the reign and tragical death of Charles the first, who 
was then the king of Great Britain, (ie.) near the year 1640, (for in 1648 
the king was beheaded) the original stock [i)rogenitor] of our family in 
America, who was a citizen of Norwich in England, and a religious Puri- 
tan under persecution, (with many others in those days) with his wife and 
three sons embarked for America. 

His name was Simon Huntington. This good man was grandfather to 
your grandfather and mine. He was nearly fifty years of age, and his 
wife some years younger. Their three sons were in the bloom of youth. 
Their names were Christopher, Simon, and Samuel. They made their 
course for the mouth of Connecticut river. But our progenitor beinor 
seized with a violent fever and dysentery, died within sight of the shore ; 
whither he was brought, and now lies buried, either in Saybrook or Lyme, 
as both towns were but one at first. His widow, our grandfather's grand- 
mother, was a lady of good family, piety, and virtue, and had a valuable 
fortune left her in money ; and not long after, she married to a gentleman 
in AVindsor, which town was settled almost as early as any in Connecticut. 
His name was Stoughton. There the good lady finished her life in afflu- 
ence and comfort. The three sons settled first at Saybrook ; but soon 
after, the younger, viz., Samuel, removed into New Jersey and settled at 
Newark, where there is a respectable family of our name and kindred, 
though not very numerous in the branches of it. Not long after the settle- 
ment of our ancestors at Saybrook, the venera])le Mr. Fitch came over, to 
take the pastoral charge of them. Soon after this, they made a discovery 
of the township that we call Norwich, and which they so named in regard 
to the city of Norwich in England, from whence the most respectable part 
of them came. The people began to emigrate from Sayl)rook to Norwich 
in considerable numbers, and all dearly loved their minister. A warm 
contention arose between the emigrants and those that remained at Say- 
l)rook, with regard to their minister, which Mr. Fitch decided very wisely. 
He told them that he had a dear love for them all ; but that he could do 
no other than cleave to the major part, wheresoever their residence might 
be. Accordingly, as the greater part of his charge soon removed to Nor- 
wich, he also settled there ; was the first minister of that town, a faithful 
and worthy servant of Christ, and a friend to the souls of men. Laboring 
many years in the sacred work there, until old age deprived him of fartlier 
usefulness ; he then removed to Lebanon and there died. This good man 
was the progenitor of all who bear the name in Norwich, and the towns 
1 adjacent. 



164 Family of Huntington. [-^-pril, 

But to return to our family ; about the time that Samuel, before men- 
tioned, removed to Newark, the other two brethren came to Norwich, viz., 
Christopher and Simon, and there lived in honor, piety and prosperity, to 
a good old age. The sons of Christopher were, Christopher, Thomas, and 
John. The sons of this last mentioned Christopher, were Christopher, 
Isaac, Jabez, Mathew, Hezekiah, John, and Jeremiah. The sons of Thomas 
were, Thomas, Jeddidiah, Christopher, Eliezer, William, and Simon. 
John left but one son, bearing his own name. This you w^ill note, brings 
the pedigree of our family down in one branch of it, to a collateral line 
with your father and jnine, i. e., in the branch of Christopher the son of 
Simon, who w^as the original ^stock of all who bear the name in this country. 
I [will] next acquaint you with another branch, i. e., the branch £of ] 
Simon, son of the original Simon, from whence you and I have our descent 
direct. His sons were Simon, Joseph, Samuel, Daniel, and James. The 
sons of the last mentioned Simon, w^ere Simon, Ebenezer, and Joshua. 
The sons of Joseph, were, Joseph, Nathaniel, Jonathan, David, and Solo- 
mon. The sons [of] Samuel, were, Samuel, Caleb, John, and Simon 
The sons of Daniel, were Daniel, Jonathan, and Benjamin. The sons oi 
James, were James, Peter, and Nathaniel. With regard to that branch 
in New Jersey, descended from Samuel, son of the original Simon, he left 
one son, Samuel by name, on a collateral line with our grandfather Joseph. 
This Samuel had three sons, Thomas, Simon, and Samuel, which w^ere on 
a collateral line with your father and mine. This is an account of all the 
male issue of our family, from the original Simon, down to our immediate 
parents, and contains a series of about a century and a half. 

We have kindred of the same name now^ in England, and among then 
some very respectable, as the family was at the time of the emigration 
our progenitors. 

A brother of the orignal Simon, whose name was Samuel, was captaii 
of the king's life guard, and much in his favor. With regard to the su( 
ceeding branches of our family in this country, they are somewhat numer 
ous, though not so much dispersed as some other families. 



MSS. RELATING TO NEW ENGLAND IN THE STATE 

PAPER OFFICE, LONDON. 

Communicated by H. G. Somerby, Esq. 

From Vol. 375, of Manuscripts relating to New England, in her Majesty's Stat 
Paper Office. 

" To tlie right hort'^' the Lords and others of his Maf- most hono'^' privy Cotinci 
The humble petition of Edmand BrudenelX Esq'''- 

Most humbly slieweth that whereas your petitioner is resolved to make a voyaL 
to New England for the furtherance and good of the plantacon tliere, & wi"' hii 
to carryover a company of forty men or thereabouts, w'^ w'''' resolution yo" L(. 
are already acquayntcd. 

His humble sutc is that your hono" would grant him liberty to ship 3 or 4 pieci 
of ordnance: & 200"" in money, tor the buying and providing of some provisioi 
& necessaries for himself & his company, before they sett onwards of their intend 
voyage: he laying out & bestowing all the same 200""' before his dep' out of 1 
Maj'' Kingdomcs of England & Ireland. And to give him yo'' hon"* warrant 
wryting for the pmiss" that lie may be out Danger of being staid by any searchi 
or other ofTicers belonging to his highness ports & havens. And yo' peticoner sh; 
dayly pray for the prosperities of yo' hono" long to continue." H. C. S. 

[On the outside of this MS., is 1630, in pencil.] 



1851.] The Frost Family, 165 

THE FROST FAMILY. 

[By a descendant of Joseph, son of Hon. John Frost] 

In the July number of the Register for 1849, there is a Memoir of 
Major Charles Frost* of Kittery, Maine, son of Nicholas Frost, who is the 
ancestor of most (if not all) of the Frosts in America. It is proposed to give 
an account of a portion of his descendants. The names of six daughters are 
given. And also of three sons, Charles, John and Nicholas. The latter 
died childless. Charles (the oldest) married first, Feb. 7, 1698-9, Sarah, 
daughter of Capt. Simon AYainwright, of Haverhill, Mass., born July 
17th, 1G82, and died June 5th, 1714, leaving nine children, viz: Sarah, 
born Nov. 6, 1699 ; Charles, born May 21, 1701 ; Mary, Sept. 18, 1702 ; 
Elizabeth, Dec. 21, 1703; John, Feb. 9, 1704-5; Simon, March 8, 
1705-6 ; Abigail, Nov. 10, 1707 and died Jan. 6, 1708 ; Mehitable, Dec^ 
23, 1709, and died March 20, 1710 ; Abigail, Sept. 16, 1712 ; and Nicho- 
las, May 31, 1714. He married, (second) Nov. 25, 1714, Jane, daughter 
of Robert Eliot, Esq., and widow of Andrew Pepperrell, (brother of Sir 
William) and had (as by Kittery record) Jane, born 1715-6, March 2; 
Eliot, June 29, 1718 ; Jane, July 9, J 720, and died July 3, 1721, (the 
death of the first Jane not being recorded.) 

Hon. John Frost, second son of Major Charles Frost, was born at 
Kittery, Me., March 1, 1681, and died at New Castle, N. n.,Feb. 25, 1732, 
aged 50 years, 11 months and 24 days. Sept. 4, 1702, he married Mary, 
the oldest sister of the first Sir William Pepperell, and the daughter of 
William Pepperell, (married m 1680, to Margarey, daughter of Mr. John 
Berry or Bray,) who was a native of Cornwall, and emigrated to America, 
about 1676, settling at the Isle of Shoals, removing to Kittery, and dying 

there, Feb. loth, 1733-4, "in the eighty year of his age," and his wife 

Margarey, dying April 24, 1741. August 12, 1745, she married Rev. Dr. 
Coleman of Boston, who died Sept. 19, 1751, and after his death, she 
married Judge Benjamin Prescott, of Dan verse, Mass. She died 1766 ; 
and was born, Sept. 5, 1685. 

John Frost once commanded a British ship of war. He was a merchant 
at New Casde, and was one of the Governor's council in 1727. His 
children were as follows : 

1. Margarey, born Feb. 1, 1703. 

2. William, born May 20, 1705, merchant. New Castle. 

3. John, born May 12, 1709, Register of Deeds for York Co. Maine, 
Commissary in the Revolutionary War, whose son was Col. John Frost of 
tlie Army, grandfather of John Frost, L.L.D., of Philadelphia. 

4. Charles, b. August 27, 1710, leading man in Portland, Maine, and 
died while a representative. 

5. Mary, b. August 19, 1711. 

6. Sarah, b. February 1,1713, married Rev. John Blunt of New Castle ; 
and, after his decease, John Hill, of South Berwick, a judge of the Court, 
and member of the Governor's Council. She died August 13, 1772, having 
had seven children, and leaving six behind her. Rev John Blunt has 
many descendants in and about Portsmouth, and also in New York, among 
the latter, are Joseph and Nathaniel, lawyers, and Edward and George, 

* Major Charles Frost represented Kittery in the Massachusetts Legislature in 
1660 and '61, 'G9, and '74. The Kittery records describe the death of his son 
John, thus : " The Hon!"! John Frost, of New Castle, in the Province of New 
Hampsh';^, Esq., second son to ye above sd Charles Frost, Esq., and Mary, [dauo-h- 
ter of Joseph BoUes of Wells,] his wife, Dyed February the 25th, 1732-3, about 
four of the clock in the morning, he being in the 52nd year of his age." 



166 The Frost Family. [April, 

merchants. One of tlie (laughters of Rev. John, Abigail, married William 
Parsons, Esq., of Alfred, whose youngest son. Usher Parsons, M.D., of 
Providence li. I, prepared the memoir of Major Charles Frost, above 
referred to, and it is hoped will yet publish a geneological history of the 
Frost, Pepperell, and Leighton* i'amilies. 

7. MARY,b. February 26, 1714. 

8. Andrp:w Pepperell, April 12, 171G. 

9. Joseph, b. Sept. 29, 1717, a merchant at Newcastle, N. H. ; died 

* Catharine, (the eldest daughter of Nicholas and sister of Major Charles Frost,) born 
at Kittery, 1632, married about the year 1655, William Leighton, of whose origin there are 
conflicting traditions. One is that three brothers emigrated from England prior to 1650, 
that cne settled in Dover, N. H. ; one in Mass. ; and one (William, who was a sea-faring 
man and ship-muster,) in that part of Kittery now called Eliot. Another tradition is, that 
he was taken from a wreck at sea, and carried into Kittery. Folsom's History of Saco 
and Biddeford, encourages the idea that he Avas a branch of the family of Leighton, who, 
at a very early period, was a resident of Saco. He had a son John wlio was born, proba- 
bly as earl}' as 1640. WiiUam, who went to Eliot, now Kittery, may have been another 
son oi his, or he may have b«en a younger brother of the first John in Saco. At any rate, 
he was a sea-faring man and a ship master. He settled first at Kittery Fore-Side, as it is 
now called, at a place called Crooked Lane, where he received a grant from the town of 
Kittery, in 1659, of 13 acres of land. Very soon after he removed to Watts, now Leighton's 
Fort, in Eliot, then Kittery, and died there in Sept., 1666. After her husband's decease, 
Mrs. Leighton married ^lajor Joseph Hammond, of Kittery, by whom she had one child, 
viz : CoL Joseph Hammond, the commoK ancestor of all by the name of Hammond, in 
that and some other places. She died August 15, 1715, aged' 82. Her children, by William 
Leighton, were as follows: Mary, born about I6r)7, married John Hunking, of Boston; 
William, born about 1659, died young; John, born May, 1661 ; Elizabeth, born about 1664, 
and probably died young. 

John (born 1661)' married Oner Langdon, June 1^ 1686. About 1690, he built a house 
near his father in Eliot, (then Kittery,) which has bfa^n taken down within a few months 
past. He was frequently employed in the town anA parish atlairs. He owned a large 
property and was one of the prominent, men in the place. He was several years, from 1717, 
Sheriff of the County of Yorkshire, which included the State of Maine, as the following 
Commission will show : 

GEORGE, by the grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the 
Faith, &c. To all unto whom these presents shall come, Greeti^.g. Know yee Tliat Wee 
have committed to our well-beloved John Leighton, Gent, our County of Yorke, within oni 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay, in New England, to keep during'Our Pleasure, so thai 
yearly he Pender unto us Our Dues and of our Debts and all other things to the office of 
our Sheriff, in our County, aforesaid appertaining, he answer to us at our Treasury. Wee 
likewise command the Freeman and all other our Subjects, within Our Said County, that 
to the said John Leighton, as Sheriff of our County aforesaid in all things which to the 
said Office belongeth, they be helping, aiding and assisting. 

In Testimony Whereof Wee have caused the Seal of our province of the Massachu- 
setts Bay to be hereunto affixed. Witness Samuel Shute, Esq., Our Captain General an< 
Governor in Chief, in and Over our said Province, at Boston, the 20th day of June, in the 
Third Year of Our Reign. Annoque Domini, 1717. SAMUEL SHUTE. 

By his Excellencv's Command, by and with the advice and Consent of the Council. 
JOS. MARION, D. Secr'y. 

He died in Eliot, Nov. 10, 1724, aged 63, and his widow died in Eliot, Nov. 21, 1737, ir 
her 75th vear. Children, 

1. Elizabeth Leighton, born May 30,1691 ; married Benjamin (son of Ezekiel and grand- 
son of Eid. William) Wentworth,"^ of Somerswurth, Sept. 22, 1717; and had John, i\Iarch 
30, 1719; E^lizabeth, Feb. 15, 1721. married Mark Wentworth of Somersworth, son of 
Benjamin, and grandson of Elder William; Abigail, Feb. 12, 1723, married Ichabod (son 
of Jeremiah) Rollins, of Somersworth; and Mary July 29, 1725, married Ebeuezer (son of 
Col. Thomas) Wallingford, of Somersworth. 

2. M:iry, born May 7, 1693, married October 12,1712, Paul Gerrish, of Dover, N. H., Rep 
rescntative from 1728 to 1740, and died June 6, 1743, among whose children was Mary 
married Dr. Moses Carr, of Somersworth. 

8. Wdliam,born Sept. 9, 1696, married Nov. 1720, Sarah,daughterof John Hill, of Berwick. 

4. John, born May 27, 1699. married M:»ry Hill, another daughter of John Hill, of Ber 
wick, Dec. 19, 1726'. She died April 26, 1763, inher69tli year. [The following upon the 
Kittcrv record's remains unexplained : " Oct. 2, 1725, John Leighton, of Kittery, and Eliza 
beth Wentworth of Exeter, intend marriage." This Elizabeth Wentworth, is supposed to 
be the only child of Thomas, son of E/.ekicl and grandson of Eld William, who died in 
1718 and whose widow. Love, married about 1719 Joim Thing, of Exeter.) 

5. '!'ol)ia«, l)orn Nov. 17, 1701, married, first, Grace Staples, of Kittery, Nov. 15, 1727, 
and she died, liaving had four children by him, Nov. 7, 1736, aged 27 years ; and hi> mar- 
ried, second, .Ian. 20, 1738, Sarah, daughter of James and Sarah Chadbourne, and had by 
her two cliildrcn. 

6. Samuel, born, Nov. 22, 1707, was killed by the fall of a tree, Dec 24, 1735. 



1851.] The Frost Family. 167 

Sept. 14, 1768, aged 50 years and 11 months, and was buried in the family 
burying-ground at Newcastle. 

10. Abigail, b. May 26, 1719. 

11. George, b. April 26, 1720, and died June 21, 1796, aged 76 years. 
He was Justice of the Peace in 1768. He wa& appointed one of the 
Judo;es of the Court of Common Pleas at the or^-anlkation of Strafford Co. 
N. IL, with Col. John Wentworth, of Somersworth, and Col. Otis Baker, 
of Dover, in 1773, and so continued until 1791, when he became disquali- 
fied by age. He was for many years Chief Justice. He was a delegate 
to the Continental Congress in 1776, 1777, and in 1779, and Councillor three 
years, from 1781. He received an education under the direction of his 
brother-in-law. Rev. John Blunt, and then went into the counting-house of 
his uncle, Sir William Pepperell, and about 1740, he entered one of his 
vessels as supercargo. He followed the sea for about twenty years, and went 
into partnership with George Richards of London, and sailed to and from 
that port. On the death of Mr. Richards, he married his widoAv, who died 
in England about 1757, leaving no children. About 1760, he returned to 
live at his old home in New Castle, and there resided until he married for 
a second wife, in 1874, Mrs. Margaret Smith, widow of Ebenezer Smith 
Esq., of Durham, where he five years after fixed his permanent residence. 
He left four children, viz : George and John, Mary and Martha Wentworth, 
(widow of Henry Mellen, Esq., lawyer and poet, of Dover, N. H., and 
brother of the late Chief Justice of Maine. She died in January, 1835.) 

12. Samuel, b. Aug. 19, 1721. 13. 14. Benjamin and Jane, (twins) 
b. May 15, 1722. 15. Miriam, b. Oct. 8, 1725. 16. Mary, b. July 2, 
1726. 17. Dorothy, b. August 21, 1727. 

JOSEPH FROST AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 



Joseph Frost, ninth child of Hon. John, merchant of New Castle, mar- 
ried Margaret Colton of Springfield, Mass., Oct. 20, 1744. She was born 
April 19, 1724, and was a descendant of George Colton, who was the 
ancestor of all the Colton's of New England. He was the first planter in 
that part of Springfield, which is now Long Meadows He was there as 
early as 1644, was representative in 1669, and often one of the selectmen. 
His birth place is said to have been Sutton — Coldfield, near Birmingham. 
He married Deborah Gardner, and had five sons and four daughters, all 
of whom married and had families, excepting the youngest son, who died 
unmarried. George Colton died Feb. 13, 1699, and his wife Deborah 
Colton, died Sept. 5, 1689. Ephraim Colton, second son of George, was 
born April 1648, and married Mary Drake,* Nov. 17, 1670, and had by her 
four sons. She died leaving four children, Oct. 19, 1681, and March 26, 
1685, he married Hester Mansfield, and had by her, seven sons and six 
daughters. He died May 14, 1713, before the birth of his youngest (the 
seventeenth) child. Samuel Colton, the fourth son of Ephraim by his first 
wife, was born Jan'y 17, 1679, and Married Margaret Bliss (who died 
Janury 19th, 1736) on the J 6th January 1706-7. For many years they 
had no children, and had but two in all, Mrs. Frost, the oldest, and 
Samuel, born Sept. 7th, 1727, who married Flavia Colton, Nov. 26, 1759 ; 
she died childless, April 6, 1763 ; and second, Lucy Colton, Oct. 14, 1765, 
who died Dec. 11, 1799. He died Nov. 5, 1784. Of their seven children, 

* Her first Ancestor in New England, was John Drake, who came here before 1636, 
as in that year he settled in Windsor, Ct., Avith his family. He was accidentally killed 
there by the overturning of a cart upon him, August 17th, 16.59. "Widow (name 
not known) Drake" died in Windsor, Oct. 7, 1681, aged 99. They had Job, m. Mary 
Wolcot; (parent'^ of the Mary m. to Ephraim Colton.) John, m. Hannah Moore ; and 
Jacob m. Mary Bissell. — ^ee Gen. Register^ for January 1850, paae 66 



168 The Frost Family, [April, 

three died young ; Flavia married Alexander, son of Moses Field, of Long 
Meadow, and died without issue ; Margaret married David Boothe, and 
died leaving children now living on Long Meadow ; Lucy married Benja- 
min Stebbins, who removed to Boston, and was a merchant there ; Samuel, 
born Feb. 4, 1778, married Ann G. Warriner, March 6, 1799, had one son 
(Samuel) now living in Granville, Mass., and four daughters, all now living, 
the first marrying E. W. Storrs, of Springfield, the second, Mr. Lawton, 
of Long Meadow, the third, Mr. Wright, of East Hampton, Mass., and the 
fourth, Hon. John H. Brockway, of Ellington, Conn., late Member of 
Congress from the Hartford Dist., Conn. After Samuel Colton's death, 
June 17, 1811, his widow married a Mr. Burt, of Long Meadow, and now 
lives the second time a widow. 

The mother of Mrs. Frost, the wife of Samuel Colton, was a descendant 
of Thomas Bliss, who, with his wife Margaret, were among the first settlers 
of Hartford, Conn., where he died in 1640, having had five sons and four 
daughters. The eldest son, Thomas, moved to Saybrook and afterwards 
to Norwich, Conn., and is supposed to be the ancestor of Major Bliss, son- 
in-law of Gen. Taylor. 

The second son, Nathaniel, came to Springfield from Hartford, Conn., 
where he married in 1646. From him was descended the late Col. John 
Bliss, who married a grand daughter of Ephraim Colton, and of course a 
cousin of Mrs. Frost. He represented Springfield, 1774, and, after 
Wilbraham was incorporated, he continued to repre!>ent that town. He was 
also Senator, Councillor, Judge of Court of Common Pleas for Hampshire 
Co. and Colonel in the revolution. He died 1809. He was the maternal 
grand father of Judge Oliver B. Morris, of Springfield, Mass. 

In 1646, Margaret, widow of Thomas Bliss, followed her son Nathaniel 
to Springfield, bringing with her, her sons Lawrence, Samuel, and John, 
and her daughters Hannah, Mary, Elizabeth, and Sarah. Mary, married 
Joseph Parsons, the ancestor of Dr. Usher Parsons of Providence, P. L, 
and author of the Memoir of Charles Frost, above alluded to. Widow 
Margaret Bliss, died August 28, 1684. 

Samuel Bliss, son of Thomas and Margaret, married Mary Leonard. 
Nov. 10, 1665, daughter of John Leonard of Springfield, by whom he had 
three sons and eight daughters. He died March 23, 1720, and she died 
March 21, 1724. 

The tenth child of Samuel and Mary Bliss was Margaret, born Sept. 
11,1684, who married Samuel Colton, 1707, and became the mother oi 
Margaret, who married Joseph Frost, of New Castle, and her brother 
Samuel Colton. 

Sometime in the summer of 1792, after a widowhood of near 24 years, 
Mrs. Margaret Frost married Judge Ichabod Rollins,* of that part ol 
Somersworth, N. II., now called Rollinsfbrd, (and for Avhom the town Ava?- 
named) and died there, July 5th, 1813, aged 89 years. Judge Rollins 
born, July 18, 1722; died Jan. 31, 1800, aged 78, with no children by 
his last wife. 

The childrert of Joseph and Margaret Frost, were as follows : 

1. Margaret, b. Dec. 8, 1747, m. July 1771, Hon. John Wentworth. 

* He was son of Jeremiah Rollins, wlio moved in 1711, from what is now Greenland. 
N. H., to where Hon. Wm. W. Rollins now lives, in Rollinsford, and wliere Judf^e Ich- 
abod liollins lived. He was a dclep:ate to the revolutionary of conventions thatmet at 
Ex(!ter in April, May, and December, 177.'). He was one of the committee to prepare 
and brill"!; into Convention, a plan of Ways and Means, for fnrnishing- troops. Alsc 
one of tlie committee of supplies. He was also present when the convention resolved 
it'^elf, Jainiary .5, 1 770, into an independent State government. He was also deleirate or 
rcj)rescntative to the Convention or Legislature, that met Oct. IGth, 1776. He was 



1.851.] The Frost Family. 169 

of Dover; and, after he died on Jan. lOtli, 1787, she became the third 
wife of Col. John Waldron, of Dover, and died Sept 30, 1805, and was 
buried in his family burying-ground. This branch is all noticed in the 
Geneological Register for Oct. 1850, in article upon the Wentworth family. 
The following additions should be made however. Margaret Wentworth, 
born May 27, 1773, died unmarried at Col. Waldron's, of bilious fever, 
October 27, 1801, Judge John Harvey, (son of Col. John, of Northwood) 
who married their daughter Dorothy, died May 2d, 1849, leaving only two 
children, and he was born April 16th, 1774; and his oldest daughter, 
Margaret Ann, born Nov. 15, 1815, married Solomon Clarke Buzell, of 
Northwood, and his youngest, Dorothy, born May 7th, 1817, married Feb. 
27, 1838, James Augustus Treat, of Pittsfield, N. H. They had one son 
George, born July 1st, 1822, and died May 17, 1823. By a former wife 
Judge Harvey had, John, born at Northwood, N. H., June 16, 1799, and 
died there, August 10, 1834, leaving seven children and a widow who 
married, August 1839, John Bennet, Esq., of Northwood ; and Charles 
born Dec. 21st, 1802, and died May 17, 1823. 

2. Joseph Frost, b. May 3d, 1749, m. Sarah Simpson, and died at 
New Castle, aged 81. He and his brother George signed the pledge to 
support the revolution at New Castle, in 1776. 

3. George Frost, b. Nov. 24, 1750, m. Abigail Bell, daughter of Capt. 
Thomas Bell of New Castle. She died July 25, 1810, aged 57 years and 
seven months, b. in December, 1752. Her mother died at New Castle, 
Nov. 22, 1797, aged 76 years. He died April 18, 1808, aged 57 years, 
and 4 months, and 24 days. 

4. Mary Frost, b. January 29, 1752, m. Stephen Chase, and died at 
Portsmouth, Sept. 15th, 1819, aged 69 years. 

5. Miriam Frost, b. Feb. 11, 1755, and d. January 20, 1756. 

6. Jane Frost, b. March 17, 1757, m. John Salter, of Portsmouth, and 
died at Portsmouth, Dec. 10, 1837, aged 80 years. Has many descend- 
ants in and about Portsmouth. 

chosen the first Judge of Probate under the new g'overnment, and served from 1776, to 
1784. His Register of Probate all this time, was Hon. John Wentworth, Jr., of Dover, 
the nephew of his first wife, and the son-in-law of his last, who served from the organ- 
ization of Strafford Co., in 1773, to the day of his death, January 10th, 1787. Judge 
Rollins was Councillor in 1789. He married first, Abigail Wentworth. born Fel)ruary 
12, 1723, sister of Col. John Wentworth, of Salmon Falls, in Somersworth, and daugh- 
ter of Capt. Benjamin Wentworth, of Somersworth (then Dover) who was the grand- 
son of Elder William Wentworth by Ezekiel, and who died in 1725, about six weeks 
before the birth (July 29, 172.5,) of his daughter Mary, who married Ebenezer Walling- 
ford, of Somersworth, in May, 1749, and died Dec'r 10, 1815, in her 91st 3'ear, 
having had two sons, Thomas, born Sept. 17, 1755, and died single, Sept. 17, 1772, and 
Amos, born March 6th, 1762, and died leaving children, January 10th, or 11th, 1837. 
The wife of Capt. Benjamin Wentworth, and mother of Mrs. Rollins, was Elizabeth 
Leighton, of Kittery, Me., who died at the house of her daughter, Mrs. Wallingford, 
last week in October, 1779. Mrs. Abigail Rollins died about 1791. The children of 
Ichabod and Abigail Rollins, were John, who niarried Mary Carr, and died January 
23d, 1821, aged 75 years and ten months ; Ichabod, m. Ruth Philpot ; James, m. Han- 
nah Carr ; Daniel, m. Martha Weeks ; Elizabeth, m. Chadbourne ; Mary, m. 

Hon. Samuel Hale, of Barrington N. H., Representative, Senator, and Judge of Court 
of Common Pleas, from 1794, to 1813, and died, April 28, 1828, aged 70; Abigail 
died single. 

James Rawlings of Newbury, was made freeman in 1634. James Rawlings was of 
Dover, N. H., 1644. Quint, in his Historical Memoranda of Dover, says: "1656, 
June 27, James Rawlings, being presented for neglect of coming into the Publick 
meeting is admonished and to pay the fees of the Courte, two shillings, and 6 pence." 

Jeremiah Rollins (son or grandson of James ?)and his wife Elizabeth, had only four 
children, viz : Mary, born, Jan. 23, 1714 ; Lydia, March 18, 1716; Deborah, January 
26, 1719; and Ichabod, July 18, 1722. 

6* 



/ 

170 The Frost Famihj. [April, 

7. Dorothy Frost, b. Feb. 27, 1759, m. James Jewett, of Dover, a 
merchant, and died at Rochester, N. II., May 9th, 1838, aged 79 years. 

8. Samuel Frost, b. Jan. 27, 17G0, and died unmarried, in Ports- 
mouth, Dec. 2G, 1827. 

9. Abigail, b. Sept. G, 17G2, died unmarried in Corinna, Maine, April 
14, 184R. 

10. William Clark Frost, b. Sept. 16, 17G4, and died at sea quite 
young. 

11. Sarah Frost, b. .June 11, 17GG, m. Capt. Richard SaUer Tibbetts, 
of Portsmouth, who died in the West Indies some twenty years ago. His 
widow, aged 84 years, is the sole surviving child of Joseph and Margaret 
Frost. 

descendants of GEORGE FROST, AVHO MARRIED ABIGAIL BELL, OF 

NEW CASTLE. 

George, son of Joseph, b. at New Castle, Nov. 24, 1750, d. at Ports- 
mouth, Sept. 15, 1819, his wife having died July 25th, 1810. Their 
children were as follows : 

1. Mary, b. Dec. 18, 1770, m. John Osborne, who lived at Lee, N. H., 
and died before her. She died at Lee, Sept., 1840. 

2. Margaret, b. Feb. 15, 1772, m. Samuel Greenough of Portsmouth. 
She died at New Castle, Nov. 20, 1797. He died at Portsmouth. 

3. Abigail, b. Jan. 21, 1774, m. Capt. Titus Salter, who died at sea. 
She died June, 1821, at Portsmouth. 

4. George Pitts, b. April 10, 1775, married Mehitable White, who 
died March, 1848, at New Castle. 

5. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 9, 1777, and d. single, Jan., 1817. 

6. An infant died unnamed, Sept. 1779. 

7. Sarah Frost, b. Oct. 6, 1780, and married Joseph M. Salter, of 
Portsmouth. He died at New Orleans, Oct. 1837. 

8. John Frost, b. Jan. 27, 1783, married Jane White, of New Castle. 
He died Nov. 29, 1843. and she died 1845. 

9. Thomas Bell Frost, b. July 25, 1784, married Nov. 13, 1806. 
Sarah, daughter of Capt. Robert White, who died at sea some fifty years 
ago, when she was young. She died June 4, 1849, aged GO years, three 
months, and 28 days. He represented New Castle in the Legislature oi 
N. H. in 1850. He has followed the sea forty years, and was out in th( 
war of 1812, and was one of the Dartmoor prisoners in 1814. His chil- 
dren are : Mary Simpson, born Aug. 15th, 1807, and died Sept. 19, 1808 : 
William Clark, born Feb. 15, 1809, and died Sept. 23. 1831 ; Mary Olive 
born Dec. 21, 1810, and married John Yeaton, of New Castle, who died 
at New Orleans, April, 1849, leaving seven children and a widow ; Lucinda 
born Oct. 18, 1812, and married Samuel B. Amazeen, of New Castle ; 
Thomas Frost, born July 27, 1814, and died IMay 13, 1824 ; Charles Louis, 
born Nov. 2G, 181 G, and died March 9, 183G; John Simpson, born June 
23, 1819, married Sarah Chesley, of Durham, and live at New Castle : 
Sarah Elizabeth, born January 29, 1824, and married Benjamin T. Ama- 
zeen, of New Castle. 

10. William Clark, born Nov. 19, 178G, married Lucy Manson, o1 
Kittery. 

11. Dorothy, born Feb. 16, 1789, single, at New Castle. 

12. Joseph, born March 15,1791, and married Sarah Farnham, oi 
Milton, N. II. 

13. Chahles Louis, born May 28, 1793, married a French lady, and 
lives at Wilmington, N. Carolina. 



1851.] Middlesex Statistics. 171 

MIDDLESEX STATISTICS. 1680. 
[Communicated by Rev. Lucius E. Paige, a member of the N. E. H. G. Soc] 

In 1679, the County Court of Middlesex, Mass., issued an order, requir- 
ing certain statistical returns from the several Towns. The returns sent 
by five Towns remain on file in the Court House, of which copies are here 
furnished, the orthography, except of proper names, being modernized. A 
sixth return, to wit, from Groton, was extant a few years ago, of which an 
abstract was then taken ; but on a recent examination, for the purpose of 
making a copy, it could not be found in its proper place. 

L. R. P. 

BiLLERiCA. To the Honored County Court sitting at Cambridge, 
March 31, 1680. 

In observance of a warrant from the Honored Deputy Governor, bearing 
date 30. 10. 1679, the answer of the Selectmen of Billerica is as followeth: 

As to a list of the number of males and ratable estate in our town, we 
have sent a list of both, as it was taken by the Selectmen and Commissioner, 
the last August, and as it was returned from the Commissioner's meeting. 

As to the number of families, there is fifty, besides the aged that are 
helpless, the widows, and poor persons that want relief, ten in number, and 
that is all. 

As to our annual allowance to our reverend Pastor, our agreement is to 
pay him seventy pounds per annum, in country pay. 

As for schools, we have no Grammar Schools. Ens. Joseph Tompson 
is appointed to teach those to write and to read, that come to him to learn ; 
and several women that are school-dames. 

As to the Tythingmen, we have five ; their names are George Farley, 
Simon Crosbee, Jolm Shildon, Joseph Walker, and Samuel Manning ; and 
all sworn according to law. 

As for single persons and inmates, we know of none in our Town as are 
disorderly. 

Also Ens. Joseph Tompson was chosen by the freemen to attend said 
Court according to said Warrant. 

Your humble servants, 

Jonathan Danforth, 
Joseph Tompson, 
Ralph Hill, 
John French, 

Billerica, 25 March, 1680. Samuel Manning. 



Cambridge. In obedience to a warrant from the Honored Court, holden 
at Charlestown, dated the 30th of December 1679, which Court was 
adjourned till the last Wednesday in March, which is the 31 day 1680, — 
wherein we are required to give an account of the number of the families 
and male persons in our town ratable to the country, with our annual 
allowance to our reverend Pastor, both for quantity and quality, with our 
schools, both Grammar and English, and also our Tythingmen, with their 
names, and who are sworn, and who not, — and have accordingly given 
in as followeth : 

The number of our families, according to our nearest) -e^- 

com])utation, is one hundred and twenty-one, j 

The number of our persons, according to our nearest ) - /»q 

computation, is one hundred sixty and nine. ) 



172 Middlesex Statistics. [April 



y£l29. 13.0. 



The annual allowance to our reverend Pastor, in money, 
is about £51, 0. 0; in goods and provisons, about £78, 13s. 
Sum is, 

with his dwelling in the house built for the ministry, with four 
acres of land adjoining thereunto also about 20 loads of wood 
annually carried to his house. 

30. 1. 1G80. Our Latin Schoolmaster is Mr. Elijah Corlitt ; his 
scholars are, in number, nine, at present. 

30. 1. 168 0. For English, our Schooldame is Goodwife Healy ; at 
present but nine scholars. 

30. 1. 1680. Edward Hall, English Schoolmaster; at present but 
three scholars. 

The Tythingmen, that are already sworn before our Honored Deputy 
Governor, are John Stone Deacon, Humph. Bradsha, David ffiske, John 
Gove, Samuell Stone, Rich. Dana, Jonalh. Remington, James Hubbard, 
John Greene, ffrancis Whitmore, Rich. Robbins, senior. 

The Tythingmen, that are not yet sworn, are Mr. John Steadman, Mr. 
Joseph Cooke, Mr. Tho. Olever, Will. Towne. 

We, who have underwritten, were chosen by the freemen of Cambridge 
to give the account as above. 

Sam" Andrews, 
John Watsonx. 

Charlestowne, tfeb. 1679. A list of males, 240. Estates, ratable heads 
included, £50. Number of families, 200. What is paid to the ministry. 
£100 per annum, in or as money, and 20' per day for transient help. 
Schools, one Grammar ; Mr. Sam" Phipps keeps it ; number of scholars. 
53 ; besides English schools kept by several women. List of Tything- 
men ; John Kent, RoVt Leech, Petter iFowle, Ric. Lowden, W" Clough, 
Ric. Taylor, Zacry Johnson, Laura. Dowse, Sam" Dowse, Henry Bal- 
come, Sam" Kettle, Tho. Lord, Sam" Hunting, Elias Roe, W° Dandy. 
Jn"' Heyman, Solomon Phips, Edw. Wilson, Jn°' fFosdicke, W° Sims, Ste- 
phen Paine, Petter Tuffs. By order of the Selectmen. 

Attest, John Newell, Record'" 



Chelmsford. Josiah Richardson, being chosen by the freemen of 
Chelmsford to attend the adjournment of the County Court held at Cam- 
bridge the last AVednesday in March, and also to bring in a list as in par- 
ticulars is specified on the specialty sent by the Honored Thomas Danforth, 
dated the 30. 10. 1679, in answer to which in particular followeth. 

1. The number of males and estate in Chelmsford are, a^ ) 19 9 7 
in the Country Rate given in this year, 1679, ^ i * * * 

' 2. That we pay to our minister, in money £20, and in corn 1 gg q q 
and flesh £60, and 30 cords of wood, in all ) * ' ' 

3. That we have no Grammar School, but several schooldames for Eng- 
lish, and Mr. John Fiske for writing. 

4. That we have chosen 6 Tythingmen, whose names are as followeth, 
and are all sworn. John Wright, Solomon Keies, John Barrett, sen'., 
Abraham Parker, sen'., Sam*" filecher, jun., Jacob Warren. 

5. Number of families are 59. 

By order of the Selectmen, this 24 the 12 mo. 1679. 

Sam"'' Adams, Clerk. 



Concord. In answer to the Honored Deputy Governor's warrant the 
30"" 10 mo. 1679 to Concord; 



1851.] 



Middlesex Statistics. 



173 



Imp. Our males ratable, with our Troopers, are 120. 

2. Our estate, ratable to the Country is 4.323. 03. 8. (^) 

3. The number of families, when those which are preparing amongst us 
to go to Lanchaster and other places, will be some few above a hundred, 
and many of them very poor and need help. 

4. Our covenant with our reverend Pastor and Teacher is eighty pounds 
apiece yearly, in all good things the Lord doth bless us withal, and to be 
paid unto them seasonably. 

5. Our Tythingmen this year, by reason of many families sojourning 
among us, and the straightened situation of our Town are 13. ('^) 

6. As for schools, we have in every quarter of our Town both men and 
women that teach to read and write English, when parents can spare their 
children or others to go unto them. 

7. As for Grammar Scholars, we have none, except some of honored Mr. 
Peter Bulkley's and some of reverend Mr. Estbrookes', whom he himself 
educates. 

John Smedly, Sen'., and 



Concord, 30'"— 1680. 



Thomas Dakein, in the 
behalf of the Town. 



Groton, Abstract. Number of families, about 40. 

Number of ratable polls, about 54. 

Minister's salary £ 50 per annum, one quarter part 

money. 

No list of estates given, as the Town was exempted 

from taxes for eight years, by the General Court. 



Note. The Blllerica Tax-list, for 16 
town, is on file, and exhibits the following 



79, referred to in the return from that 
list of names, polls, and amount of tax. 



No. polls. 


Tax. 




No. polls. 


Tax. 


Serj. Hill, 


1 


£0. 7. 6 


James Kidder, 


2 


£0. 7. 4 


Nath. Hill, 


— 


3. 


Job Laine, 


2 


13. 


Jonath. Hill, 


— 


2. 6 


Serj. Marshall, 


— 


4. 


Hen. JeefFs, 


2 


6. 


Sam'l Maning, 




4. 


Michael Bacon, 


1 


6. 6 


Dan. Mackginnis, 




3. 2 


Tim. Brookev- 


__ 


, 4. 6„ 
4. 


Jam. Paterson, 
Tho. Pattin, 


— 


3. 


J^ames Butler, 


1 


5. 


Pet. Bracket, 


1 


3. 


Jno. Rogers, sen., 




5. 


John Bracket, 


1 


3. 


Jno. Rogers, jun. 




4. 6 


Simon Crosbee, 


— 


5. 6 


Tho. Rogers, 




2. 


Wm. Chamberlain, sen., 


1 


4. 


Tho. Ross. 




5. 


Jno. Chamberlain, 


1 


1. 8 


Tho. Richardson, 




5. 


Wm. Chamberlain jun.. 


1 


1. 8 


Corp'l Shed, 




6. 


Tho. Carrier, 


2 


9. 


Dan. Shed, jun., 




4. 


Mr. Daniel, 


— 


0.10 


John Shed, 




2. 


Jonath. Danforth, 


2 


9.10 


Zack. Shed, 




1. 9 


Corp'l ffrench. 


— 


3. 


John Sanders, 




3. 


Jacob fTreneh, 


1 


5. 4 


John Shildon, 




6. 6 


Patrick ffiicit, 


1 


3. 6 


Ens. Tompson, 




4. 


Sam. ffrost, 


1 


4. 6 


Nath. Tay, 




4. 



(^) The amount of property is here given, instead of the amount of tax, which is stated in 
the other returns. 

(2) On a separate paper, the following account is found. " The 24"' of ffeb. 1679. The 
names of the Tythingmen. Thomas Brown, sen,, Moses Wheat, sen., Will. Buttricke, 
Thomas Dakynes, Sam: Straton, sen''-, Thomas Wheeler, John Heald, Roger Chandler, 
Daniel Dane, Gershora Brookes, John Meriam, Humphery Barrat, Joseph Buss." 



174 Bonner Family Record. [April, 

Sam. Trull, 1 3. o Joseph Walker, 2 5. 

James firost, 1 3. Tho. Wilkinson, 1 2. 

Serj. fibster, 1 6. 



Georgfiarley, 1 4. 6 Sum total, £lO. 6. 7 

Sam. fiarley, — 3.0 

" In the name of the Selectmen, 

Jonathan Danfortd, Clerk, 
Jacob Fffench, Commissioner." 



BONNER FAMILY RECORD. 



Mr. Drake, — I send you the following, taken from an old manuscript, 
found amongst the papers of the late William Ellery, Esq., of Hartford, 
in possession of his daughter Jane Seymour, the mother of Governor T. 
H. Seymour, supposed to be written by Mr. Bonner the elder, who settled 
in Boston. These are facts which you may not find upon your records ; 
and as no records are safe in manuscript, I send them to you for preser- 
vation. This family were connected with the Ellery, the Austin, Ledyard, 
and Seymour families, of Connecticut. Perhaps the name is yet continued 
in Massachusetts. Most Respectfully, Yours, 

Hartford, Aug. 28, 1850. R. R. HINMAN. 

"October 21st, 1686, being Friday, at 3 o'clock in the morning, Jane 
Bonner departed this life 1686. 

Jonah the son of John and Mary Bonner was born in Boston, July 8th 
1687. Jonah above said di y^ 22d of July, 1687. 

Mary Bonner was born the 28th of January, 1668, and departed this 
life 28th of July, 1699. 

Jane Bonner was born in Cambridge, May the 2d, 1691, and wentovei 
to London, and had the small pox when seven years old. 

John Bonner was born in Cambridge, December 6, 1693, and baptisec 
in Boston, INIarch following, had also the small pox in London, broke ou: 
December 6, 1698. 

Thomas Bonner was bom in Cambridge, January 6th, 1695-6. Apri 
20, 1697, my wife Mary Bonner departed this life, and was buried ii 
Cambridge. 

Sarah Bonner died December 2, 1721-2. 

Thomas Bonner died June 3, 1719, and buried in South Carolina," 

I also find — "My d"" Jane Bonner and John Ellery, of Boston wa 
married the 31st of August, 1710. 

My son John Bonner and Sarah Marsh, the d' of Mr. Samuel Marsh 
was married the 17th day of November, 1715, by Mr. Wadsworth, ii 
Boston, N. England. 

Jane Bonner, d' of John and Sarah Bonner, born in Boston, Feb.27 
1717, and died Sept. 7, 1718. 

Sarah Bonner, dr. of John and Sarah Bonner was born in Boston, Jul; 
31, 1719, died December 2, 1721-2. 

Jane the daughter of John and Sarah Bonner, born in Boston, March / 
1721-2, and Thomas Bonner died June 3, 1719." 

Note. — In 1 743, Captain John Bonner lived in Boston, in " a ^ood double dwellh 
house situate in Mackerel Lane, near the lower end of Milk Street, late the estate o 
Deacon Samuel Marshall," then deceased. The same Captain John Bonner, probahl; 
was master of the ship repncrell Gaily, in 1749, and was in the Lisbon trade. - 

Editor 



1851.] Oharlestown Burying- G-round, 175 

CHARLESTOWN BURYING- GROUND. 

[Communicated bj Mr. Thomas Waterman, of Boston, | 

Inscriptions copied from the Burying-Ground in Oharlestown, 18 May, 
1849. 

The first is from a plain granite shaft about twelve feet in height stand- 
ing upon the most elevated part of the ground. 

HARVARD. — On the twenty sixth day of September, A.D. 1828, 
this stone was erected by the graduates of the University at Cambridge, 
in honor of its founder ; who died at Oharlestown on the twenty sixth 
day of September, A.D. 1G38. 

Here lyes buried y^ body of Oapt Benjamin Bunker, who departed this 
life Febr 4*^ Anno Domini 1735 Aged 57 years. 

Here lyes buried y*^ body of Mrs Mary SheaiF, wife to Mr Edward 
Sheaff, who departed this life Novem"" 1^' 1748 Aged 70 years. 

Here lyes y*^ Body of Mrs Mary Sheaff, wife to Mr William Sheaff: 
Who Dec^ January 11, 1720 in y*' 41st year of her age. 

Here lyes y® body of Mrs Susanna Frothingham Widow of Mr John 
Frothingham Who died Aug'* 18 1745 Aged GO years and 28 days. 

Here lyes buried y^ body of Mrs Lydia Phillips Wife to Mr Eleazar 
Phillips Who departed this life April y^ 4th A.D. 1738 Aged 47 years. 

Nathaniel Phillips, son of Mr Eleazer & Mrs Lydia Phillips Dec^ 
Jan^'y 25th 1719-20, Aged 9 months & 6 days. 

Nathaniel Phillips, son of Eleazar & Anna Phillips Aged two Weeks 
Died August 16, 1688. 

Solomon Phipps Aged 52 years. Deceased the 25*^ day of July 1671. 

Mary Lowden, Wife to Richard Lowden Aged ^5 years died October 
6, 1683. 

Here Lyes buried y^ body of Mrs Sarah Kibbey Aged 80 years Who 
dec^ June the 29, 1720. 

Jonathan Call son of T & Elizabeth Call Aged 12 Weeks Dyed 
November 22, 1684. 

Here Lyes buried y^ body of Joseph Kettell son to Deacon Joseph 
Kittell & Hannah his wife Aged 30 years died Feb^ y^ 17 1704. 

Here lyes y*^ body of Elizabeth Frothingham Wife to Joseph Frothing- 
ham (Daug*'- of Mr Caleb & Mrs Anne Call) W^ho died Aug^' 5*^ 1727 
in^y*^ 20th year of her age. ""^^^ 

Memento — Mory, Fugit, Hora. Here lyes y® body of CaptJKichardy 
yiai'tin, Aged 62 years died the 2 November 1694. ^--"^^ . <. 

Here lyes buried the body of John Wayt Aged 43 years Who departed^, 
this life January y^ 29 174-5. V 

Here lyes y"^ body of Mrs Ruth Waite, Wife to Capt John Waite, Who ' 
dec^ Decem' y*^ 2^'^ 1721 in the 33^^ year of her age. J 

Here lyes intered the body of y"" Hon' Thomas Graves Esq who de- 
parted this life in his sleep, on y^ 1 3*^ of June 1747 Etatis 63. 

He was a beloved Physician, an upright Judge, and a wise and good 
man. 

XC. Psalm lO*'' It is soon cut off & we Fly away. 

Sacred to the memory of the Hon Janies Russell, who died April 24*, 

1798. He represented the town of Oharlestown for many years in the 

General Court, was Treasurer of the County, Judge of the Court, and 

member of the Honorable Council was an able and a faithful servant. 

Also of Katharine his wife, daughter of the Hon^ Thomas Graves, who 



176 Charlestown Burying- Ground. [April, 

died Septem'^ 17^^ 1778 aged Gl years. Her life was distinguished by 
undissembled piety and the exercise of the most amiable social virtues. 
^s^And of their children. 

Charles, who died May 27 1780. 

Katharine, wife of S. Henly Esq., who died Aug 19, 1812. 

'Thomas, who died April 8 1796. 

Rebecca, wife of the Hon J Lowell who died Sept 15, 1816. 

Sarah, who died Oct 14, 1819. 
;Mary, who died July 26, 1806. 

Chambers, who died March 16, 1790. 

Margaret, wife of the Hon J Codman who died March 12, 1789 

Jonathan Lemmon, son of Mr Joseph & Mrs Elizabeth Lemmon, De- 
ceased July 16, 1724 Etatis 15 mo. 

Here Lyes intered y^ body of Mrs Sarah Foster wife to Mr Richard 
Foster Jun"^, who decea^ Novem' y" 16'^ 1720 Etatis 29. 

Also two of their children. 

Rebecca aged 15 mo Katharine Aged 5 mo. 

Here lies intered the remains of the Hon Richard Foster Esq who 
died Aug 29, 1774 Aged 82 years. 

He sustained with reputation the office of High Sheriff for the County 
of Middlesex for many years, and upon his resignation, was appointed a 
Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, for the same County, in which 
office he continued until his decease. 

Here lies intombed the body of Thomas Jennor Esq who died June the 
23^ 1765 Aged 72 years. 

From whence he silently speaks, 
My friend stop here and drop a tear, 
As you are passing by 
For you must dye as well as I 
Think on Eternity. 

Here lies intered the body of the Hon^ Charles Chambers Esq, who 
departed this life April 27 1743, in y^ 83^ year of his age. 

He was for many years one of his Majesty's Council, a Judge of the Court 
of Common Pleas, and a Justice of the Peace for y^ County of Middlesex ; 
all which offices he discharged with great honor and fidelity. 

Here lies intered the body of the Hon. Daniel Russell Esq, who de- 
parted this life Decem'' 6. 1763. Aged 78 years. 

Who upwards of 20 years was a member of his Majesty's Council for 
this Province. He also served the Province as Commissioner of Impost, 
and the County of Middlesex as Treasurer for more tiian 50 years, in the 
discharge of all which offices, such was his conscientious fidelity and un- 
sullied integrity, as procured him universal ap[)robation &: Esteem 

In public & private life his whole conduct was such as evidently showed 
his invariable desire & endeavour to preserve a conscience void of offence 
toward God & Man. 



PAUL WENTWORTH. 



In the obituary of the Gentleman's Magazine, for May 1794, page 480 
is the following notice : " On his estate, at Surinam, Dec. 1793, suddenly, 
Paul Wentworth, Esq. This was the gentleman inquired for in your last 
II. and G. Register, page 338 [a]. He ditjd at Surinam, and not as your 
correspondent supposed in London. The time of his death appears to 
have been unknown before. C. 



1851.] The Otis, ^-c, Qenealogij. 177 

THE OTIS GENEALOGY. 

(Continued from Vol.. IV, p. 165.) 
EICIIAIID OTIS, OF DOVER, N. IL, AND HIS DESCENDANTS.* 

[by HORATIO N. OTIS, OF NEW YOKK.] 

The great advantages of the method employed for references in the following 
memoir, has been very generally acknowledged. It is the same as before used in our 
work, which was at the same time fully explained; but as some of our readers may 
not be able to refer to what has gone before, it is thought necessary again to explain 
the plan, especially as the placing of the figures for forward references, have, to ac- 
commodate in printing, been placed immediately after all names of individuals whose 
descendants are given, instead, as heretofore, of interjjolating them into the regular 
series. — This being remembered, it will be instantly perceived, whether descendants 
of any one are given in the pedigree, or whether they are not given. 

Example. — In the following Memoir, Iviciiard Otis is No. (1,) his first child is No. 
(2) — I. and so on through all his descendants ; Thus, (2) — I. Hiciiakd 2 (lo) shows 
that the 2d Richard Otis, or Richard, Jr., is No. 2 in the regular scries, the 1st in the 
family of his father, of the 2d (^) generation, and that his family are given immediately 
following No. (10) in the series. Hence, it is momentarilv obvious, in the system em- 
ployed, how far any individual is removed from his or her first known progenitor, that 
is, what generarion the individual is ; whether the 1st, 2d, &c., child, and whether he 
or she has descendants given in the memoir, and if any descendants, where to find them. 

The advantage of the figure showing the number of the generiition of any individ- 
ual, is very a))parent especially in extensive pedigrees. It being of a different font from 
the serial number, and placed exponentli/, cannot lead to the slightest confusion. — Ed. 

Few Families in New Hampshire or elsewhere suffered more from the 
constant and cruel assaults of the Indians, than the family of Richard Otir. 
He himself, with one son and one daugliter were killed in 1G89, his wife 
and child captured and sold to the French. At the same time a number 
of his g;rand-children were carried captives ; and a few years after, some of 
his children and grand-children were killed, and others made prisoners by 
the Indians. In a word every one of his children (alive in 1G89) and many 
of his grand-children — what few escaped with their lives — suffered in their 
persons and property from the warfare of the savage foe. They lived in 
constant i)eril and alarm, their houses were fortified for defence against the 
Red man, and in their acts of devotion, they carried tlieir arms in their hands. 

It has been generally supposed that Richard Otis was a son of John 
Otis the first, (of Ilinghara, Ms., 1G35,) whose Genealogy has already been 
published; but there are many circumstances which make it likely that he 
was the son of Stephen Otis, the brother of John. The Will of Stephen, 
dated 1637, and recorded in the Consistorlal Episcopal Court of Wells, 
County of Somerset, England, mentions only one son, Richard ; three 
daughters, and wife Elizabeth. His grandfather, Richard Otis (see Reg. 
Vol. 4, p. 163) was of Glastonbury, county of Somerset, Eng., and his 
Will, dated 17 Nov., 1611, mentions Stephen, John and Thomas, f and 
two daughters, leaving a wife. 

* Much credit is due to Hon. John Wentworth, of Chicago, 111., M. C, for his valua- 
ble assistance in the preparation of this Genealogy. We are also indebted to Mr. 
Alonzo II. Quint, of Dover, N. H., Col. Benjamin Bean, of Conway, and Hon. Job Otis, 
of Strafford, N. H. ; Hon. Osmyn Baker, and S. Judd, Esq., of Northampton, Mass., 
for important information. 

t This would seem to favor the tradition in one branch of the Otis Family, that John 
of Hingham, left two brothers in England ; one, Srei)hen, there remained, and the other 
went to Ireland, a descendant of whom, about 1720, emigrated to America, whence the 
family of Robert Otis, of Lyme. Ct. Thomas might have been the " Capt. Thomas Otis 
of Morley," an officer in the Parliamentary Army, who, at the Restoration, " took refuge 
in a foreign country."' 

7 



178 The Otis Genealogy. [April, 

The first mention made of his name on any records in New England, so 
far as ascertained, is in 1G55, when in May he was admitted an inliabitant 
of Boston. Tiie same year he was at Dover among a list of those qualijied 
to vote. It is probable he w^ent to Dover in 1G55, as it was the usage at 
that place to convey lands to actual settlers at the time of settlement. The 
first conveyance of land to him was 9 (2G) 1655, when we are informed, 
that " tenn accers at Cochecae " were laid out to " Richard Otis — forty 
Rod by the cartway on the west side of tlie land from his house, and forty 
Rod noreth est from his house and forty Rod apeice one the other too 

sieds." 

In the year 1G5G, " it doth appeare in euidence, that Richard Otis had 
fifty Acers of Land giuen unto him &c." It was laid out and bounded by 
Wm. Wentworth, Ralphe Hall, and John Hall. Tiie same year, a Imndred 
acres of land on the •' Great Hill " was granted by the selectmen and laid 
out to him. 

In 1681 he took a new deed for his lands (or lease rather) from Mr. Mason. 
Some did this but the majority would not, (see Belknap.) This accounts 
for the Rents, (merely nominal) being paid to Mr. Mason, by his daughter 
Experience, and also for the fact that his name is not found among the 
Petitioners to the King in 1680. The autograph of Richard Otis cannot 
be obtained. Although his signature often appears, it is always by his 

mark.(*) 

He was taxed at Cochecho in 1656, and so onward while the tax lists 

remain. 

He was one of those who about the years 1660-65, were much dissatis- 
fied with the Church at Dover. The opinions of the Quakers were 
spreading there, and the cruel severity of their opposers drove many away 
from the church, who merely sympathized with the Friends. Richard 
Otis was not a Quaker himself, but his son Richard ^ became one. He, 
(Richard^) was fined for non-attendance on public worship in 1663, in 
company mith many others of the minority, some of whom were wtH known 
for piety, but who disliked the Established Church. June 30, 1663, the 
Grand Jury presented " Richard Oatis and his wife and his servant maide 
for not coming to meeting for seueral m° together." " The Court finds 13 
days that Richard Oatis omitted coming to meeting, and sentence him to 
pay 5s pi"- day [which] is 3£ 5s." His wife received the same sentenc( 
" and [to pay] ffees of!' Court," andtheir " maide " was referred to the A^ 
sociates. — Court Records of Exeter, N. H. 

The Probate Records, the remains of which are at Exeter, were two 
thirds destroyed by a fire in Portsmouth, many years ago. One Will r( 
mains, dated 1655 ; but there arc no others for several years following, an 
but few for some twenty five years. On these Records, Richard Otis' nam 
occurs, 21) Nov., 1676, as Administrator of the Estate of Wm. Roberts, oi 
Oyster River (now Durham) who was killed by the Indians in 1675 ; Ik 
conveys to James Smith, certain lands at Oyster River, by *' virtue o 
power and an order at a County Court held at Portsmouth 27 June, 1676. 

(*) Richard Otis was one of " tlie Sclektnion of Dover," in IGGO, as appears by 
Petition, or " J\polouT" as it is styled, headed as ioHows : — 

The Apoloqy in yebehalfe of ye Totrnr of Donr, w/ai/iisf. ije Complaynts ofpctcncM J; 
grieA-ana-s {imulehtj the Inhabitants of Oii^ifn- R'nur Af/aynst ye snyd toicnc) Ordered to k 
presented bij ye De'pntie of ye toivne to ye 'honored Coartte held att Boston, ye 30th of ye 3 mo. 
(16(0.") 

Tlic " Apolopy " is signed by the " selektmen,". fonr in number, the last of whom 
Kieliard Otis. '\Viiy he made a mark instead of writino; out his name, may be eonje 
lured, as the reason is not very apparent, because his mark — consisting of two letters 
r o — are as well formed as any letters of the time. Editor. 



I'V- 



c 



1851.] The Otis Genealogy. 179 



That Richard Otis was thrice married, we can come to no other conclu- 
sion, both from collateral evidence and tradition. From the evidence 
already adduced, (see Reg. Vol. 4, p. 162,) and from the fact that the name 
Rose is often found among his descendants (no shght evidence when we 
remember the tenacity of the olden custom of perpetuating names) there 
can be no doubt that his first wife was Rose, dau. of Anthony Stoughton, 
and sister of Sir Nicholas Stougliton, Bart., whom he married as early as 
1651. (^) 

From the following it is clear that his second wife was Shuah, widow of 
James Heard : — " Nov. 5, 1 677, Richard Otis, husband of Shuah, formerly 
widow of James, son of John Heard of Piscataqiia, and James Chadburne," 
undertook to administer on the Estate of the said James Heard, who died 
intestate. This was done in the County Court of York, Me., but is found 
at Exeter Probate Office. The records show that Shuah was a widow, 
Nov. 1, 1676. The last notice of James, as living, is 1668, and he proba- 
bly died about 1675. He left one son, John,* born about 1667 ; Richard 
Otis being appointed his guardian — and daugliters, Elizabeth, married to 
Samuel Small ; Abigail, married to Job Clements, and was a widow in 
1721. 

His third wife was Grizet Warren. This is on the authority of Mrs. 
Bean, mentioned in the N. II. Hist. Colls., as having died at one hundred 
years of age,t who said that her grandmother's maiden name was Grizet 
Warren, from Massachusetts, and that her grandfather (Richard Otis) 
married her as his third wife when he was a little over sixty years of age X 
she being about twenty four. The descendants of Mrs. Bean are quite 
confident that the captive wife of Richard Otis was a Warren^ and they 
never heard her called by any other name tiian Grizet. After exhausting 

(a) If the name Rose came into the Srouirhton family by the marriafi:e of Anthony 
Stous^hton, Esq., of Raltoo, with Sarah Llovd. niece of Jiid^e /lose, it wouhl hardly suii 
the period of our author, we apprehend ; as the said Anthony's grandfather was livin<^ 
in 1624, and a son Anthony, who married in 1748. This note is given only with the 
hope of eliciting information. Editor, 

* John Heard (son of James and Shuah) married 1st, Phebe . Children Dor- 
cas, b. 26 Fehy. 16'JO ; Shuah, h. Jan. 2.^. 1G94; PheljC, h. 15 Jan., 1692 ; James, b 21 
Jan. 1696. His wife died 4 July, 1696. He m. 2d. July 1698, Jane, daughter of Nicho- 
las Cole, and relict widow of Joseph Littletield. Children, Jane, b. 18 June. 1699 ; Mary, 

b. 24 Aug.. 1700 ; Abigail,!). I.') April. 1702 Of these children, Dorcas m. 

Tucker ; Phebe m. Stevens ; §huah m. Nathan Bartlett, and had twelve chil- 
dren ; James married and died before 1739, leaving Sarah and Pliebe ; Jane m. 15 
Kov. 1719, Tristram Coffin, of Dover, and had nine children, the last survivor of whom, 
(Deborah) died in Dover, in 1838, aged 100 years; Mary m. Henry Baxter, 1 July, 
1722 ; Abigail m. Hubbard. 

t Mary (Baker) Bean was the daughter of the captured Cliristine Otis, and she died 
near the present house of her grandson. Col. Benjamin Bean, in Conway, N. H. Her 
memory was retentive, and she was intelligent to the last of her long life, dying at 100 
years of age lacking ten days. Feb. 6, 1826. She iiad a peculiarly happy faculty of re- 
lating her family history, and this opportunity together with the fact of his having the 
Family Records in his possession, has enabled Col. Bean to throw much light upon this 
subject, confirming historic and doubtful records, and furnishing additional facts to the 
story of other days. But for the information from this family, this narrative could not 
have been written in its present connected form. 

\ This would seem to show that Richard Otis was born about 1626, while Richard, 
son of John ', of HiuL^hum, was b. 27 Feb. 1616--17, as is found from the records of 
Glastonbury in England. And setting aside the improbfibility of a man born early in 
1617. having been the father of a child "three months old" in 'June, 1689, John Otis^ 
in his Will, made 1657, does not mention Richard, who if a son and then living in 
N. E., would not in all probability have omitted to do so, while hisyowr daugliters 
and ^ye grand children are so distinctly referred to. 



180 The Otis Genealogy. [April, 

all our resources for the Genealopfy of this Grizet, (supposed to be a nick- 
name for Grace) AVarren, Ave had abandoned the subject, Avhen it was 
discovered among some old papers, that Richard Otis had business with 
one James AVarren, Sr., of JMaine, in 1G84. This called to our mind the 
meeting in Kittery, Maine, in 1G74, described in the Memoir of Charles 
Frost, July No., 1819, of the Genealogical Register, where '■'James 
Warren, as abettor, is sentenced to ride the wooden horse.'' And from the 
Kittery and York Co. Records, as extracted by Mr. A. II. Quint ; — as 
follows : 

"James lYarren had a grant of land in Kittery, 15 Oct. 1G56. He 
may have been there earlier ; probably resided then in Berwick, part of 
Kittery. March 25th, 1701, he deeds land in York to his son Gilbert. 

In 1G97, Nov. 3, James AYarren was a surety at the probate of the Will 
of Charles Frost. 

1700, Dec. 9, was dated the AVill of James AYarren, Sr., of Berwick, in 
the Province of Massachusetts, proved 1702, Dec. 24. In it he gives to 
sons Gilbert, James, daughters Margaret and Grizel, grand-daughter Jane 
Grant, and grandson James Stagpole ; wife ISIargaret, and son James, 
Executor. [By the records as copied by ]\Ir. Quint, what we call Grizet, 
might have been mistaken for Grizel, the t being made like an /, not being 
crossed.]* 

In tliis will, no names of husbands or wives or their children are found, 
and no place of residence. That left to daughter Grizel was a few shil- 
lings in money — merely nominal. 

In 1712, Dec. 13, Margaret, widow as above, made her will, giving all 
to sons Gilbert and James. Of course the children of James and Marga- 
ret AA^arren were, Gilbert^ (bom 1656, as appears by deposition) ; James ^ 
(who by his wife Mary, had Mary ^ b. 23 Feb. 1692 ; IMargaret^ b. 5, 
Nov., 1694 ; James ^ 8 June, 1698 ; Rachel ^ 26 Aug., 1700, d. 13 Sept. 
1703; Gylbert,^30 April, 1703; John,^ 16 Dec, 1705;) Margaret''; 
Grizel ^; A dan?- m. — Grant ; A dau? m. Stagpole. 

Add also the fact that in a petition of John, son of Shuah and James 
Heard, in 1706, regarding property, no mention is made of his mother as 
living, while we know the last wife of Richard Otis lived in Canada to an 
advanced age, — and we think the evidence is pretty conclusive, that the 
third wife of Richard Otis was the above Grizel, dau. of James AVarren. 

By his first wife he had seven children ; by his third, two daughters, 
Hannah and Christine — and from the fact that Ihinnuh was about two 
years old at the time of the death of the father in 1689, we infer that the 
(late of the third marriage w^as about 1686. 

The following}: are the facts concerninir the attack and slnuffhter at Dover, 
resulting in the death of Richard Olis and twenty-two others, and the captivity 
of twenty nine persons, (t) Stimulated with the thirst of taking vengeance 

* Per Contra. Sylvester Jiidd, Esq.. of Northampton, sars, *■' The name Grizet is a 
new one to me. 1 have met with Grizzel several times, but never with Grizet." 

[It was often the case in the writings of that day, that the Is were crossed and the tb. 
went without tiiat mark. What the name of that female may have been, we cannot 
pretend to decide, but our belief is that it was Griztt — an ancient name for the gold- 
Jinch. — Editor.] 

t Cliarlevoix {TTlstorie et De.trript. Gen. dcJn Xnuv. France, ^-c.) thonL^h he has with 
considerable minuteness described the results of less important expeditions ajrainsr 
New Eng:land than this was, is entirely silent in his excellent and interestiiifi: work, o<: 
lliis aj^aiiist Cochecho. Tliis silence in that author, is probably to be accounted for in 
the fact, that it was entirely an Indian undertaking. Editor. 



1851.] The Otis Genealogy. 181 

on IMjijor Waldron,* for his seizure of their brethren thirteen years be- 
fore, — an event remembered by them with deep though silent resentment, 
a plan was laid by the Indians to surprise the settlement at Dover. In that 
part of the town which lies about the lirst Falls in the river Cochecho, were 
several garrisoned houses [see map) ; the three on the North side were 
Richard Waldron's, Richard Otis's, and John (or Elizabeth) Heard's-t 
Waldron's was on the west side of the road just above the falls ; Otis's on 
the east side about half way up to " Garrison Hill," and Heard's on top of 
the hill. John Ham, son of John and grandson of William, now lives near 
the spot where stood Otis's garrisoned house, and his farm is a part of that 
once owned by Otis. Mr. Ham is now above 70 years of age, and his 
great grandfather, Benjamin Ham, had it from the Otis family. 

These garrisoned houses were surrounded with timber walls, the gates 
of which, as well as the house doors, were secured with bolts and bars. 
The neighboring families resorted to these houses at night for safety. 
Approaching the place with professions of peace, the Indians sent two of 
their squaws to each house to ask lodgings for the night, with the intention 
of opening the doors after the inmates were asleep, and giving the signal 
by a whistle to the savages to rush in. The stratagem succeeded. 

On the night of Thursday the 27th of June, 1089, in unsuspecting con- 
fidence the families retired to rest. When all was quiet, the gates were 
opened, and the signal was given. The Indians rushed into Major Wal- 
dron's house first, and though 80 years old, he with his sword kept them at 
bay until stunned by a hatchet. They then cut him in pieces and set the 
house on fire. 

Otis's garrison met with the same fate. He was shot as he was rising 
up in bed, and his son Stephen, and daughter Hannah were killed, the 
latter — then two years old — by dashing her head against the cliam- 
ber stairs. Another account is, that Richard Otis was shot whilst lookinjj 
out the window on the lirst alarm. The wife and infant child (of three 
month's old) of Richard Otis, with the children of his son Stephen, and 
others — 29 in all — were carried captive to Canada, where they were 
sold to the French — the first English prisoners ever carried to that coun- 
try. Three daughters of Richard Otis by his first wife, then young, were 
also taken, but were re-captured in Conway by a company of men who col- 
lected and pursued them. It was the custom of the Indians to divide their 
prisoners into different parties, and to take them to Canada by different 
routes. 

Mrs. Otis married a Frenchman in Montreal, whose name was pronounced 

* Always spelt Waldern, or Walderne^ by himself, I believe, at least his signature is 
as we here present it (1676J in many old documents which I have examined. Editor. 




[See pedigree of Waldron next page onward.] 

1 Heard's garrison was saved through the instrumentality of Elder Wm. Went- 
worth, the ancestor of every Wentworth now in this country. He was one of the first 
settlers at Exeter, but removed to Dover and became a ruling Elder in the church there. 
He was a very useful and good man, and died at an advanced age at Dover, in 1697, 
(see Reg. for Oct. 1850.) He was awakened by the noise of the barking of a dog, just as 
the Indians were entering, pushed them out, and falling on his back, set his feet against 
the gate and held it till he had alarmed the people ; two balls were fired through it 
but both missed him. 

7* 



182 



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1851.] 



The Otis Crenealogy, 



183 



COCIIECHO IN 1689. 



coMMo:Nr. 

1660 




Scale, one eighth of a mile to an Inch. 
A. Otis's Garrison. 

1. Waldron's Garrison. 

2. John Ham's House, now. 

3. Heard's Garrison. — Tiiis was on a small rise, or hill, called the Little Hill, 

and afterwards Garrison Hill. Its height has become somewhat reduced. 

4. Varney's Hill, now improperly called Garrison Hill. 

5. Varney's House, said now to be 154 years old. 

6. Coffin's Garrison. 

Cochecho boom was where the road crossed the river, where now is the Northern 
Bridge. 



184 The Otis Genealogy. \A.^r\\^ 

by Mrs. Bean, as if spelled Ruhatoy. The English translation of the 
French Priest, Mons. Seguenot's letter to Christine, of 7th June, 1727* 
makes it Robitail. He speaks of the death of a daughter of Christine, 
who had married and removed to Quebec, and of Mrs. Eobitail 
(Otis) as then alive. She lived until she was about ninety years 
of age, and died in Canada, but as Mrs. Bean used to say, " she was 
bed-ridden the last nine or ten years of her life." She had children 
by her last husband, but how many, is not known. One of them, a 
son, named Philip, came from Montreal to Brookfield, Ms., after 
171G, to see his half sister Christine ; worked a year on her farm, re- 
turned to Canada, and soon after died. 

After the breaking up of the settlement at Cochecho, by the Indian 
massacre of 1689, little or no business was done there till some years 
had passed. In 1705, Susannah, widow of Richard Otis^, who had 
been settling the estate of her husband, was also appointed to admin- 
ister upon the estate of Richard the first. His property was appraised 
by Tliomas Tebbets and Tristram Heard, and is thus described ; " To 
his whome plantation that the sd Richard Lined and died upon, Leying 
on the West side of the highway leading from Cochecho into the woods, 
containing by estimation 52 acres." Also an orchard of ten acres, 
and " an hundred Acres of Wilderness land, &:c." 

He had by his first wife at Dover, 

(2) I. Richard^, (10) b. , whose wife was Susanna , 

(3) II. Stephen'-^, (15) b. 1652, m. Mary Pitman, 16 April, 1674, 

(4) III. Solomon^, b. 1663, d. 1664, 

(5) IV. Nicholas^, (18) b. m. , and was killed by the Indians, 

26 July, 1696. 

(6) V. Experience^, (18), b. 1666, m. Samuel Heard, 

(7) VI. Judith^, (18), m. (ensign) John Tuttle, Jr. 

(8) VII. RosE^, (25) m. John Pinkham, and had 10 children. 

By his third wdfe he had, 

(9) VIII. Hannah'^, b. 1687, killed as heretofore described, 28 June, 
1689. 

(10) IX. CIIRTSTINE^ (33) b. March 1688-9, m. in Canada, 

Le Beaw, 2d, Capt. Thomas Baker, of Northampton, Mass. 

Richard Otis,^ (2 — I) was wounded by the Indians on Sunday, 
26 July, 1696, as the people of Dover were returning from public 
worship. The Indians were in ambush, shot upon them, and killed 
his brother Nicholas, carrying captive, Nicholas Otis, Jr., to Penob- 
scot. 

He had a grant of land at Dover, 1694; was a blacksmith, as his 
father was before him. After the birth of his second child, and per- 
haps earlier, he became a " Friend." He was the only son of Richard 
Otis, the first who left male descendants in this country, or female 
either, if we except Mary, the daughter of Stephen. There can be 
no doubt of this, for an examination of the Records clearly shows that 
all the other sons had either died in the Indian wars, childless, or if 
they had children, they were either killed or carried captive, and 
remained among the French or Indians in Canada. 

He was dead (intestate) in 1701, and letters of Administration 
were granted to Susannah, his widow, 5 Jan. 1701. The inventory 

* Three copies of this letter, and the reply of Gov. Burnet thereto, are in the 
Boston Athenaeum. This corrcspondcucc it is said will soon be published in the 
N. H. Hist. Coll. 



1851.] The Otis Genealogy. 185 

was returned 1702, and the estate settled, 11 Dec. 1702. In 1706, 
Susannah, as Administratrix, sold several tracts of land in Cochecho. 
After his death, his first and third sons removed from Dover, leaving 
the second son at that place, who resided in that part of Dover now 
known as the town of Madbury, and there died. 

What the family name was of his wife Susannah, we have been un- 
able to ascertain. She married in 1703, John Varney, but left no 
other children. In 1 704 she petitions to be appointed Guardian to her 
children by her first husband, and her petition was allowed. Children : 

(11) I. Rose, ^ (12) II. Richard,^ (42) m. Grace , and 

was in Charlestown, Mass., about 1720. (13) III. Rebecca, ^ b. 
109;") -5- 11. 
(14) IV. STEPHEN^ (48) b. lC08-6-22,m.,'lst, Mary Young, 30 Jan., 
1719-20; 2d, Catherine Austin, July 30, 1736, dau. of Nathaniel 
and Catharine (Neale) Austin,* (b. 12 Jan'y, 1715,) 3d Elizabeth 



(15) V. Nicholas,^ (53.) b. 1701-2-8, went to Newport, R. I. 

STEPHEN OTIS, 2 (3 —11.) m. Mary Pitman, dau. of William 
Pitman, (dead in 1682) of Oyster River, (now Durham, which was 
then a part of Dover, as were also ^ladbury, Lee, Somersworth, 
Rollinsford, and parts of Newington — Bloody Point — and Green- 
land.) What became of his wife we cannot learn. Little is known 
of him or his family with certainty. He was killed as has already been 
mentioned, in the attack on Dover, 27 June, 1689. He had a farm 
where he lived at Dover, 1685-6, just above his father's fortified house, 
having received it, as was asserted, as a gift from his father. His 
son-in-law took possession of it about the time Cochecho was resettled, 
under the title inherited from Stephen, ^ fortifying his title by deeds 
from the Canada heirs, and quit-claims from the others. The follow- 
ing is a synopsis of two deeds, taken in Canada, found recorded at 
Exeter, N. H., the originals of which are in possession of Walter 
Sawyer, Esq., of Dover, who with his brother, Hon. Thomas E. Saw- 
yer, is a descendant of Stephen Otis. 

"Stephen Otis of Kebeck, in Canada," Oct. 1,1710, conveys to 
Nathaniel (sirnamed Paul) Otis of IVIount Royall, his right and title 
in New England, " to houses, lands, and other goods whatsoever " — 
he owning " as a good, perfect and absolute estate of inheritance in fee 
simple." Then follows the acknowledgment in French, that " Joseph- 
Marie-Autes, aupres-nommes," Avho was " English by birth " appeared 
before the Royal Notary, Du Breuil, &c. " Antes " is so spelled be- 
cause the French au answers very precisely to the then pronounced 
in Otis ; and " aupres — nommes," answers very well to our phrase 
above named. 

Nathaniel (sirnamed Paul) Otis, in 1714, releases to his brother-in- 
law Ebenezer Varney, (son of Humphrey Varney) this land, giving 
the boundaries, with " all sorts of buildings and to other goods." This 



* I find the following notice of a Mr. Austen of Dover, but whether he were the 
same whose dau. married Stephen Otis, I have not learned. — Editor. 

We hear from Tiscataqua, that about 10 days ago, one Mr. Austen of Dover, 
going over the river upon the ice on horseback to Berwick, in the Night, hap- 
pened to land about a Mile and a half distant from the place he designed for ; 
and perceiving his mistake went upon the ice again as the nearest way, hut un 
happily came to an opening where he and his horse fell in and were both drown- 
ed, — Indept. Advertr., 20 Feb., 1749. 



186 The Otis Genealogy, [April, 

is signed by himself and wife ; " Paul Ilottcsse," and " Marie Eliza- 
beth Ilottesse." — From the described boundaries, this land without 
doubt had been the property of Stephen ^ Otis. Here is the autograph 
of " Paul Hotesse " as signed to this release. 



"4^ CU-^^ l'\yCf^lL^ 



These Canada Otises, were of Dover, were the grandchildren of 
the first Richard, and " inherited " an estate from somebody. But 
little reflection is necessary to arrive at the conclusion that they could 
not have been the children of any other than Stephen ^ ; and we be- 
lieve that they were carried away in 1G89, among the " 29 capti- 
vated " — nearly all of whom were from the Otis Garrison, as near as 
we can ascertain. Supposing Stephen of " Kebeck" to have been 21 
years of age at the time he gave the deed in 1710, it carries the date 
of his birth back to 1689 at least. Their change of name is easily 
accounted for — when Catholics receive to their baptism a person who 
has been christened as a Protestant, they generally give at the bap- 
tism a new name, either additional or as a substitute. If we are cor- 
rect, Stephen Otis and Mary Pitman had children, 

(16) I. Stephen,^ (Joseph-Marie) carried captive to Canada, 1689. 

(17) II. Nathaniel^ (Paul) carried captive to Canada in 1689, and 

the author of the letter given below, m. and had children in 
Canada. 

(18) III. Mary^, (54) m. Ebenezer Varney of Dover, N. H., and left 

many descendants. 
The following is a copy of a letter from Paul to his sister Mary, 
the original of which is well preserved — the writing good and legible 
indicating a person of some education : 

"Montreal, May 1st, 1725. 
" My Most Dear Sister : — I would not left slip so fair an 
oppertunity of writing to you as that of Mons'r leguille, without assur- 
ing you of my love and to lett you know the Joy that I have had in 
receiving of your news by one of those Gentlemen that is come here, 
who says he is one of yo ^ neighbours. I was in hopes of having y* 
pleasure to go to see you, but my aflairs will not admit of it, for you 
know my Dear Sister, those Journey es are not made without great 
Cost ; but the great distance that there is between us dont hinder me 
of having the same Tenderness for you, as if I Avas near your dear 
person. I am allvvays in hopes of having the consolation of seeing 
you before I Dye. What Joy will it be to see a Dear Sister I never 
saw, for my Love is as great as if I had been bro't up near you. Per- 
mission is not easyly obtained to go such a Journey. I pray you Dear 
Sister, if you do me Ilonnour of writing to me, to lett me know all the 
News that concerns me relating to all our relations ; my Dear 
Sister I've a favor to ask of you which is ye gift of a Seal, that at least 
every time I write to you, you may know by the seal that it is yo'r 
dear Brother that writes to you. My Grandmother [this of course 
refers to the wife of Kichard^, who was captured at the massacre in 
1689, and was then alive] Salutes you as also my little children who 
***** their dear uncle and their dear aunt. I kindly 





1851.] The Otis Genealogy. 187 

salute my dear brother, and all yo'r Dear Family, and all my kindred, 
and am, with much Tenderness my Dear Sister, Yo'r most Humble 
and Affectionate brother, 



OM^ 



It is difficult to account for the statement of Paul, that he had never 
seen his sister unless he was carried from Dover when an infant, or 
that he was born after his mother went to Canada, a posthumous 
child of Stephen ^. 

Nicholas Otis, ^ (5 — IV.) had a grant of land at Dover, 1694, 
was killed by the Indians, 2G July, IGDO, and his inventory was re- 
turned 18 May, l(i07, by "Nathaniel lleird and George Kicard." In 
the settlement of what little property he had, no children are men- 
tioned. The name of his wife is not known. 

" Nicholas Otis'^ Jun.," (no doubt his son) is recorded as having 
been captured in 1696, and " carried to Penobscot, from whence he 
soon found his vv^ay home." If he ever returned to Dover — of which 
there is some doubt — -he had no family, and was dead in 1722. 

Experience Otis, ^ (6 — Y.) m., 1685—6, Samuel, son of John and 
Elizabeth Heard.! Samuel was dead in 1696, as the inventory of 
his estate was returned, 20 July, same year. On the 20 March, 
1685—6, as found by the Exeter Records, Richard Otis "• of Coche- 
clio, blacksmith," conveyed to bis daughter Experience, a tract of land 
containing 20 acres more or less, " she i)aying to the heirs of Robert 
Tufton Mason (see Masonian controversy in Belknap, date 1681) 
every year 20d lawful money, and Is, for every dwelling house put on 
the premises." This was no doubt intended as a marriage settlement 
upon his daughter. For on the same day, John Heard makes a con- 
veyance of land to his son Samuel ; — " AVhereas there is an intention 



^ "Paul Otis " l>afl improved wonderfully in chirop'aphy since he sii^ned the 
release al)ove as "Paul Kotesse " in 1714, or else this letter was written by an 
amanuensis. 

t John Heard, at one time a resident of Sturjxeon Creek, (Kittery, Me.,] where 
he owned property' ; at Dover, 1643, he had a orant of land at Cochccho, in 1652, 
m. Eliznheth. dau. of Hev. Benjamin Hull. He d. 17 Jan'y, 1687 (the "master 
Heard " of Tike,) and his Will "is dated 21 April, 1687, wife Elizabeth Executrix. 
At the t me of the seizure at Dover, 1676, Elizahcth Heard concealed a youni^ 
Indian in her house, an<l aided him to escaj^e. Eor this act of kindness, she, in 
1689, received an ample requital. [See letter of l^ichard Waldron, Jr., dated 
June 28th, 1689, Vol. 21, Mass. Historical Collactions, pages 87 and 88, also Dr. 
Belknaj), Vol. 1, }> 251.1 Coming up the river from Portsmoutb in a boat with 
her chihh-en and some others, on the Y(iY\ night of the assault, she was alarmed 
by a strange uproar, and made directly for Waldron's garrison, where she hoped 
to find safety. In so doing she threw herself into the hands of the enemy, who 
had at that moment possession of the house. They not only saved her life, but 
permitted her to escape without molestation. The Indian she had formerly be- 
friended wa^ one of the party; he recognized his l)enefactress, and his influence 
with the others procured for her this important favor. Their children were Ben- 
jamin, b, 20 Feb'y, 1644; Mary. m. John Ham; Abigail, m. Jenkins Jones ; 
Elizabeth, m. James Nute, Jr. ; Hannali ; John, b. 24 Feb'y, 1659; wounded 4 
July, 1697, when his wife was killed by the Indians ; Joseph, b. 4 Jan., 1661 ; 
Samuel, b. 4 Aug., 166:^, m. Experience Otis ; Catherine; Tristram, b. 4 March, 
1667, killed 172.3; Nathaniel; Dorcas; Experience; James; and William. — 
Mrs. Heard is said to have been "a grave and pious woman, even the mother of 
virtue and piety.'' She died 30 Nov. 1706. 



188 The Otis Genealogy, [April, 

of marriage betwixt Samuel Heard, son of John Heard, of Cochecho 
yeoman, and Experience Otis, spinster, daughter of Richard Otis, &c." 
John Heard conveys to his son and heirs by Experience, 30 acres of 
land ; witness, Stephen Otis. 

She was wounded by tlie Indians, 1696, at Dover, with two others, 
as the people were returning from public worship, as stated in Pike's 
Journal, in N. H. Hist. Colls., " Experience Heard, alias Jenkins, 
who was scalped by the Indians, 20 July, 1696, recovered, and lived 
to have one child, died 8 Feb'y, 1699, chiefly of her wounds bleed- 
ing." Thus it appears that she afterwards married a Jenkins. One 
of her children was, 

John Heard^, b. 1692, who, 2 July, 1706, chose his uncle Tris- 
tram as his guardian. 

Judith Otis, ^ (7 — YI) m. (ensign) John Tuttle, Jr., son of 
Judge John and Mary, of Dover. He was murdered by the Indians, 
17 May, 1712. His father, John Tuttle, was Lieutenant, Deputy to 
the Convention in 1689, to resolve upon a form of Government, Town 
Clerk, 1686 — 1717, Judge of Court of Common Pleas 1695, and 
died, 1720. Children, 

(19) I. MARy,n. 7 Jan'y, 1697-8. 

(20) II. THOMAS,2b.l5March,1699-1700,m.Mary Bracket. His Will 
is dated 1 April, 1772, proved 12 March, 1777, he being "advanced 
in years," gave to Ebenezer, homestead and " the great Bible," and 
property to the other children. They were Mary,^ b. 1723--12~29,* 
m. Daniel Twombley ; Hope,^ b. 1725-8—25, m. Robert Scammon ; 
Sarah,"^ b. 1727-4-16, m. John Hanson; Elisha,"^ b. 1729-2-14 
Samuel,'' 1731-1-3; Thomas,^ h. 1733-4-21; Abigail,^ 1735-2-25, 

m. Nathan Varney ; Ebenezer,'^ b. 1737-2-5, m. Deborah 

and had Thomas,^ Tobias,^ Ebenezer,^ Abigail^ ; Reuben,'^ b. 1739- 
3-26; Bathsheba,"^ b. 1741-7-28, m. Joseph Varney; Tabitha.^h. 
1744-7-18. 

(21) \\\? Judith, b. 10 May, 1702. 

(22) IV. JoHN,^ b. 8 May, 1704, m. , Will dated 15 

July, 1773, and proved 1774, from which we learn that his children 
were Paul,^ ; Silas,^ wife Elizabeth, Will dated 1797 and had Jolm,^ 
William,^ Levi,® Silas,^ Rose,® m. Caswell, Elizabeth®; Job*; Doro- 
thy,* (Jacobs) ; Prudence * (Bunker) ; Hannah* (Langly) ; Ann*, 
(Leighton) ; Martha*, (Jacobs); a dau.*, (Messerve.) 

(23) V. Dorothy,^ b. 21 March, 1706. (24) VL Nicholas,^ b. 
27 July, 1708. (25) VIL James,^ b. 9 Feb. 1710-11. 

Rose Otis,^ (8 — VII) m. John Pinkham, son of Richard, the first 
settler at Dover. He received land from his father in 1671, "and is 
to suy)port him." They had, 

(26) I. Richard,^ avIiosc wife was Elizabeth ; a son John,'' b. 19 Aug. 
1696. 

(27) IL Thomas,^ wife Mercy, and they had Richard, * Benjamin,'' 
and Ebenezer.* 

(28) HI. Amos,^ wife Elizabeth, and they had Hannah,* b. 10 Jan. 
1713-14 ; Joanna, * b. 11 Aug. 1718. 

(29) IV. Otis,^ (67) m. Abigail Til)l)etts, 1721-9-22. She was born 
1701-6-12, third dau. of Ephraim and Rose (Austin) Tibbetts. 

(30) V. Solomon,^ 

* Ir is n?nal to write 29 (12) 1723. or 29 : 12 mo. 1723, instead of placing the 
day of the month unci month after tlic year. — Kditok. 



1851.] The Otis aenealogy. 189 

(31) VI. James,^ wife Elizabeth, and had James,'* b. 21 July, 1714 ; 
Ursula,* 4 Oct. 1716 ; Mary,* 14 Sept. 1719 ; Lois,* 2 March, 1721-2 ; 
Hannah,* 16 Sept. 1725. 

(32) VII. RosE,3 (71) m. 1st, James Tuttle, (b. 7 April 1683) brother to 
John, who m. her aunt Judith. He d. 1709, and she m. 2d, Thomiis 
Canney, who descended from Thomas of Piscataqua, 1631. 

(33) VIII. Elizabeth.^ (34) IX. Saraii.^ (35) X. John.^ 

Christine Otis,^ (10 — IX) born at Dover, N. H., in March 
1688-9, and when the town was taken and destroyed by the Indians 
on the night of 27th June following, she was carried captive with her 
mother to Canada. The French Priests took this child, then three 
months old, under their care, baptized her by the name of Christine, 
and educated her in the Romish Religion. She passed some time in 
a nunnery, but declined to take the veil. About the age of sixteen, 
she m. a Frenchman, whose name was recorded on the Brookfield, 
Mass. Records, Le-bue * and in Col. Stoddard's Journal, (see Jan- 
uary number of this Genealogical Register,) Le-Beau. 

But her desire to see New England was so strong, that upon an 
exchange of prisoners in 1714, being then a widow, she left her chil- 
dren who were not permitted to come with her, and returned home, 
where she abjured the Romish Faitli. M. Siguenot, her former con- 
fessor, in 1727, wrote her a flattering letter, warning her of her dan- 
ger, repeating many gross calumnies which had formerly been vented 
against Luther and the other reformers. This letter being shown to 
Governor Burnet, he wrote her a sensible and masterly answer, re- 
futing the arguments, and detecting the falsehoods it contained. Both 
these letters, written in French (as neither Christine at that time, nor 
the Priest understood English) were translated and printed. 

She had three children by her French husband, and the Priest 
speaks of the happy and Christian death of one of her daughters, who 
had married and removed to Quebec with her husband, — of the 
" watchfulness of her grand-mother, in having withstood her voyage 
to England," and not suiFering her to follow her mother thither, — 
that he had been her confessor " for many years before her marriage, 
and before her going down to Quebec, where she lived with her hus- 
band " peaceably and to the edification of all the town." The Priest 
also speaks of Christine while she lived in Canada, as being " sober, 
living as a true Christian and good Catholic, having no remains of 
the unhappy Leaven of the Irreligion and errors of the English ; out 
of which Heresy " Mr. Meriel had brought her and her mother, — 
and that all the members of the " mystical Body of about two hun- 
dred women of the best fashion of Ville Marie, as well as all Mount- 
Real were edified with her carriage." 

Christine's mother was opposed to her leaving Canada, and would 
say to her, " what do you think you can do in New England ? You 
know nothing about making Bread or Butter, or managing like 

* Sharrington is a name handed down among the descendants of Christine, and 
this name or one pronounced nearly as this is spelled, is supposed to have heen 
the Christian name of her French husband. An old citizen of Dover, Doct. Ezra 
Green, who died in 1846, at 101 years of age, said tliat the name Sharington was 
from Christine's first husband, whose name might have been pronounced Sharring- 
ton or something like it in English, and so have been tbe same name with a 
different spelling. The original name given to Christine's son. Col. Otis Baker, 
was, Otis Archilaus Sharrington, and his descendants have only this tradition 
as to the origin of the middle names. " Charlcton" is said by others to have 
been the j&rst name of her husband. Dr. Green thought " Charlington." 
8 



190 The Otis Genealogy. [April, 

New England folks," — she having been bronght up in the city of 
Montreal, wliere bread and butter were purchased ready made for 
the table. In her petition (see below) she says she had been back to 
Canada in an unsuccessful effort to get her children, but does not ment- 
ion the year of her going back. Tlie Journal of Col. Stoddard, (before 
referred to) is full of incidents about " Madam Le-Beau" whom he 
brought home, (but not without great opposition from the Priests) 
with other prisoners, in a ship to Boston. Capt. Stoddard was accom- 
})ained by Capt. Thomas Baker, as an Assistant, who, after his escape, 
was thricti employed to go to Canada to redeem prisoners. 

Soon after her return to New England, she married Capt Thomas 
Baker, and lived for a time in Northampton, where was born her first 
child, and where says the Obituary notice in the Boston Post at the 
time of her death, " she joined the church under the care of the Eev. 
Solomon Stoddard." This gentleman was one of the most able minis- 
ters of his times, and his descendants include the large families of 
Edwards, D wight, and others, among the most powerful, intellect aally, 
of any in New England. No man would be more likely to take an 
interest in a person so peculiarly situated as Christine was than Mr. 
Stoddard, and it is in the higest degree probable, that the tradition of 
her conversion to the Protestant faith under his teaching is true. 
But unfortunately the record of admissions to his church and bap- 
tisms for nearly the whole of the long period of his ministry is irre- 
coverably lost. 

From the Brookfield Kecords of Lands, p. 240, is taken the follow- 
ing* "Dec. 9th, 1714, — Then granted to Margarett Otice, alias, 
Le-bue, one that was a prisoner in Canada, and lately come from 
thence, forty acres of upland in Brookfield, and twenty acres of 
meadow ; provided she returns not again to li^ e in Canada, but tarries 
in this Province or territory, and marries to Capt. Tliomas Baker." 

There can be no doubt that " Margarett Otice, alias Le-bue," and 
Margarett Baker were one and the same person with Christine Otis, 
The deeds (many of them) given by Tliomas Baker, of Brookfield, 
from 1715 to 1730, recorded in the office of the Register of Deeds at 
Springfield, do not have the signature of his wife to any of them, but 
in the body of the deed it is sometimes found, and in all instances 
written Margarett." This seems to ha^ e been lier legal name, and 
her original name at Dover, and this name, baptismal probably, was in 
some degree restored when she became a Protestant, at least by 
others if not by herself. It is the oj^inion of some that Margarett was 
her Canada name. Yet the French Priest in his letter calls her 
Christine, and while yet a Catholic she names her first child, born in 
New England, Christine, from herself. AYhichsoever name she re- 
ceived in Canada, it is certain that she was called and was known 
only by her descendants as Christine, a name common among her de- 
scendants, while few if any have the name of Margarett. Our previous 
remarks concerning her Warren ancestors show that her grand-mother 
Warren, and one of her mother's (Grizet's) sisters, w^ere named Mar- 
garett. Kev. Dr. Belknap, (who must have personally known her) 
says, (Vol. I., note to page 253.) " The French Priests took this child 
under their care, baptized her by the name of Christina," &;c. 

* Brookfield, where Capt. Baker and his wife settled as early as 1717. was a 
pai't of Hampsliire County, until 1731, when Worcester eounty was incorporated. 
The cliurch and many of the ToAvn Records, for the first 40 years were destroyed 
]by fire many years since. 



1851.] The Otis Genealogy. 191 

Her husband Capt. Thomas Baker, was born at Northampton, Mass., 
14 May, 1682, the son of Timothy Baker, who was the son of Ed- 
ward Baker, a freeman at Lynn, 1G38. Kdward went to Northamp- 
ton about 1058, the fourth or fifth year of its settlement, where he 
had grants of land from the town. He remained there a number of 
years, was selectman, &c. ; returned to Lynn and there died, March, 

1G87. His wife was Jane . He left in Northampton two 

sons ; Josc})!! ^ and Timothy ^ ; and had sons, Edward ^ and Thomas ^ 
at Lynn ; John,'-^ who it is believed, settled in Dedham, where his 
descendants are very numerous ; and perhaps others. His will is 
dated IG Oct., 1G85, but he names in it only two or tln^ee of his chil- 
dren, as he had given them portions by deeds. He appointed " a 
decent funeral, suitable to my rank and quality," and exhorted his 
children to live in peace and the fear of God. 

Joseph Baker,- m. Rutli Ilolton, 5 Feb., 1GG2, and had Josepli, b. 
20 Jan., 1C64; Kuth, 6 May, 16G8 ; Mary, 5 Sept., 1670; Samuel, 
11 Sept., 1G72 ; Joseph, 25 Jan., 1675. Of these, Ruth m. Ebenezer 
Alvord, IGDl, and Joseph was slain by the Indians, while at work in 
his meadow, 1675. Timothy Baker,-^ was a leading character in 
Northampton, often selectman, on important Committees of Town and 
Church, was called, " Mr." from the first, then " Ensign," and finally, 
*^ Lieutenant." The final record is, "30 Aug., 1729, Lieut. Timothy 
Baker died," He m. 1st, Grace Marsh, 16 Jan., 1672, and had Grace, 
1673, d. 10 Feb., 1673 ; and Timothy, 1675, d. in infancy. His wife 
d. 31 May, 1676, and 1678 or 9, he m., 2d, Sarah Atherton, thewid. 
of Rev. Hope Atherton, minister of Hatfield, who was chosen chap- 
lain of Capt. Lathrop's Company, which was cut to pieces by the In- 
dians at Bloody Brook, (Deerfield.) She was a dau. of Lieut. John Hol- 
iister, of Wethersfield, and m. Mr. Atherton, in 1674. She had by him 
three children. Timothy Baker had by her, John,^ 3 Feb., 1680; 
THOMAS,' 14 May, 1682; Edward,^ 12 Nov., 1685, (left no male 
issue); Prudence,^ 14 May, 1687; Deliverance,^ 13 Nov., 1689, d. 
1710. Capt John Baker,^ (eldest son of Timothy) m. Rebecca Clark 
and settled on ihQ old homestead — became one of the most influen- 
tial men in the town ; had 7 sons, viz : John, Noah, Aaron, Elisha, 
Stephen, Timothy, Elijah, and two daughters. All the sons exce])t 
Timothy, (who lost his life in the expedition against Louisburg, in 
1745,) married and settled in Western Massachusetts, all lived to be 80 
years old or over, and all left numerous families, whose descendants 
are scattered all over the United States, from Vermont to Texas. 
Elijah was the grand-father of the Hon. Osmyn Baker, late M. C, 
from Amherst, Mass., now of Northampton. 

Capt. Thomas Baker, was an adventurous character, and had no 
fixed residence, except at his father's house in Northampton, until the 
consummation of his romantic affair with Christine Otis. After his 
birth, his name does not appear again on the Northampton records, 
until the record of the birth of his daughter, spelled by the clerk " Chris- 
tian" From the fact of finding this record at that place, it is inferred 
that he had not then fully estabhshed himself at Brookfield. He was 
among the captives who were taken at the destruction of the town of 
Deerfield, 29 Feb., 1703-4, and was carried to Canada. He had not 
been in captivity long, when he with others, determined on making 
their escape. They had not however, proceeded far in their elopement, 
when they were overtaken and carried back, and threatened with im- 
mediate death by being burnt at the stake ; and would have been, had 
not some of the French interceded in their behalf. 



192 The Otis Genealogy. [April, 

Not intimidated by their former bad luck, they made a second 
attempt, which proved successful,* not without however, suifering 
everything but death itself. They had a long and dreary march 
through the woods, over mountains, and through swamps and valleys, 
before they arrived at the frontier settlement. They were entirely 
without provisions, only such as they gathered from the desert through 
which they had to travel ; and they were on the point of giving up, 
when they prayed that some deliverance might appear, and behold a 
large bird, such as they had never before seen, fell before them. 
This they instantly seized, tore in ])ieces, and ate without cooking. 

This is the story of his escape from captivity, told by some of his 
descendants, and which corresponds in its main features, with the ac- 
count given by Capt. Baker himself, in his Petition, as found in the 
Archives of Massachusetts. This Petition is dated at Brookfield, 6 
June, 1718 and represents, that he was a soldier under Capt. "Welles, 
and was taken prisoner at Deerfield, in Feb., 1703, (this was 1704, 
new style, but in 1703, when the legal year, both in this country and 
in England began on the 25 March) that he lost his arms and part of 
his clothes, and was carried to Canada ; that he escaped from Mon- 
treal the next summer, in order to come home and give intelli- 
gence of an expedition against these towns under Chevalier Boncour ; 
that he was retaken, and the Indians made preparations to burn him 
alive, but he got out of their hands, and ran to the house of one 
LeCair, who ransomed him by advancing five pounds, which he 
promised to repay. He was put in irons by order of the Governor of 
Canada, and made a close prisoner four months. After which he was 
a prisoner at large, until he escaped a third time, and got safe to his 
country. He prayed for an allowance, and the General Court 
granted Ten Pounds. 

"About the year 1720, [this date should be 1712,] Capt. Thom.as 
Baker of Northampton, in the County of Hampshire, in Mass., set off 
with a scouting party of thirty four men, passed up Connecticut river, 
and crossed the height of land to Pemigewastet River. He there dis- 
covered a party of Indians, whose sachem was called Walternum- 
mus, (t) whom he attacked and destroyed. Baker and the Sachem, 
levelled and discharged their guns at each other at the same instant. 
The ball from the Indian's gun grazed Baker's left eye-brow, but did 
him no injury. Tlie ball from Baker's gun went through the breast 
of the Sachem. Immediately upon being wounded, he leaped four or 
five feet high, and then fell instantly dead. The Indians fled to the 
river ; Baker and his party pursued and destroyed every one of 
them. They had a wigwam on the bank of the river, which was 
nearly filled with Beaver. Baker's party took as much of it as they 
could carry away, and burnt the rest. Baker lost none of his men in 
this skirmish. It took place at the confluence of a small river with 

* "Sometime in Mayor June, 1705, Joseph Petty, John Nims, Thomas Baker, 
and Martin Kello^^s, Jr., made their escape from Montreal, and got home to Deer- 
field." &.C. — Rev. Dr. Stephen Williams' Journal. 

(t) lie was chief of the Pequakets, the tribe with which Capt. Lovewell had 
such a terrible and bloody encounter in 1725, and was probably succeeded by 
PaufTus who fell in the tight with Lovewell. Waltanummon, as his name is 
spelt in our records was one of the prominent cliiefs who met Governor Dudley, 
at Falmouth, in 1703, at which time and place were assembled, a great number 
of Indians, and a treaty was concluded. — Book of the Indians, Book iii. Chap. ix. 



1851.] The Otis Genealogy. 193 

the Pemigewasset, (between Plymouth and Campton) which has ever 
since had the name of Baker's River." * 

Capt. Baker and his men, went down the Merrimack to Dunstable, 
and thence to Boston, and made application for the bounty, May 8th, 
1712. They brought but one scalp, yet claimed pay for several, as 
they believed they had killed some whose scalps they could not get. 
This occasioned some delay, and the men came home. On the 10th 
of June, the General Court granted 40 pounds, or pay for four scalps, 
not because they believed so many Indians had been killed, but they 
were wilHng to reward the bravery and enterprise of Capt. Baker, 
and his 32 men. They allowed Capt. Baker's company wages from 
24 Mch, to the 16th of May, 1712. — MS. letter of Sylvester Judd^ Esq. 

The account given by Mrs. Bean, the daughter of Capt. Baker, 
adds some incidents to this affair. She said that the enemy were com- 
posed of a large body of French and Indians, who were coming down 
from Canada to kill and destroy the English ; that they were in their 
boats sailing down the River: that Baker, liaving prieviously discovered 
them, secreted his men in ambush, on the the banks of the river, and 
at a signal given, his men fired upon them in their birch canoes, 
killed and wounded so many, sank their boats and so disconcerted 
them, that the remainder made a precipitate retreat to Canada. Capt. 
Baker was well acquainted with their chief, " Waternomee," who was 
richly attired, his Blanket covered with silver brooches, his Powder 
horn and all his various trinkets, Capt. Baker took, and they are still 
among his descendant. Long afterwards, he used to show them to 
the Indians ; they would shed tears, and make gestures, as though 
they would some time kill him, when war once more arose. 

In Sept., 1727, Capt. Baker was tried for blasphemy, before the 
Superior Court at Springfield. (This was the year in which the 
Priest wrote the letter to his wife.) The charge against him was as 
follows : " there being a discourse of God's having, in his Providence 
put in Joseph Jennings, Esq., of Brookfield, a Justice of the Peace, 
Capt. Baker used the following words — "If I had been with the 
Almighty, I would have taught him better." Verdict of the Jury — 
"not Guilty." 

This Jennings was a representative from Brookfield, some years ; 
probably a rival of Capt. Baker, and he appears to have been sus- 
tained by a majority of the people. It is likely that Capt. Baker's 
daring, headstrong spirit, continued until middle life or after. He 
was the first Representative to the General Court from Brookfield, 
1719, and did not represent the town again after that year. 

Capt, Baker and his wife, continued to reside at Brookfield, until 
about 1732. Having become old, and wishing to retire from farming, 
he sold his possessions in Brookfield, to a Col. Sheldon, a man of 
business, a speculating man, quite popular, and considered good at 
that time ; but he failed before paying for his land, Capt. Baker 
consequently lost a large part of his property, and this accounts for 
their poverty as set forth in the accompanying petition of Christine to 
the Legislature for a Tavern Licence. 

They were living at Brookfield, in 1731; at Mendoji, 1732 ; at 
Newport, R. L, 1733 ; and removed to Dover, N. H., about 1735, 
where, on the 11 May, 1735, Christine was admitted to the church, 
" recommended from y« church at Mendon, Mass " The tradition is, 

^ Farmer's and Moor' s Coll, Vol. 3, »,100, and Vol 1, ». 128. 
8* 



194 The Otis Genealogy. [April, 

that Capt. Baker, died at Roxbury, of the " Lethargy," to which dis- 
ease he had been some time subject — at which place he was on a 
visit to some cousins of his, by the name of Sumner.* The time of 
his death is not known, but it was sometime prior to Mrs. Bean's 
marriage, about 1753, as she and her mother were then living with 
Col. Otis Baker. He was " past his labour," in 1735. ■ ..^ 

The following is the Petition of Christine Baker, and the order of 
the General Assembly, of N. H. ; the original of which is in posses- 
sion of the family of her descendant, the wife of Hon. Paul Went- 
worth, of Concord, N. H. : — 

To his Excellencie, Jonathan Belcher, Esquire, Governor and Com- 
mander in Chief in and over his Mafties Province of New 
Hamps'e, The Honourable the Council And House of Represent- 
tatives, Now Convened in General Asseemhly. 

THE HUMBLE PETITION OF CHRISTINE BAKER, THE WIFE OF CAPT. 
THOMAS BAKER, OF DOVER, IN NEW HAMPS'e AFFOR SAID, 
MOST HUMBLY SHOWETH I 

That your Petitioner in her childhood was captivated by the In- 
dians in the Town of Dover affore said, (where she was Bom) and 
carried to Canada, and there Brot up in the Pomish Superstition and 
idolitry. And was there Maryed and well settled, and had three 
children ; and after the Death of her husband, she had a very Great 
Inclination to see her own country ; And with Great Difficulty ob- 
tained permission to Return, leaving all her substance and her chil- 
dren, for by no means could she obtain leave for them ; And since 
your Petitioner has been maryed to Capt. Baker, she did undertake 
the hazzard and fatieug of a Journey to Canada againe in hopes by 
the interest of friends to get her children, but all in vaine — so that 
her Losses are trebbled on her ; first the loss of her house well fitted 
and furnished, and the lands belonging to it ; Second, the Loss of 
Considerable part of her New England Substance in her last journey 
to Canada ; and thirdly, the Loss of her children. 

Yet still she hath this Comfort since her return : That she is alsoo 
returned into the Bossum of the Protestant church ; for wch. she 
most heartily thanks Almighty God. 

And now your Petitioner having a large family to support, and by 
the Changes and chances of fortune here is Reduced to very low Cir- 
cumstances ; and her husband past his Labour. Your Pet'r Lately 
made her case known to several Gent, in the Government of the 
Massa. who out of a Charitable Disposition did supply yor. Petitioner 
with something to set her in a way to subsist her family ; And also 
advis'd to keep a house of Entertainment ; And the Gen'll Assembly 
of that Govermt. took your Petitioner's case into their consideration, 
and made her a present of 500 acres of land in the Province of Maine, 
and put it under the care and Trust of Coll. Wm. Pepperell, Esq., 
for the use of your Petititioner (exclusive of her husbands having any- 
thing to do with it.) 

Now your Petitioner by the help she hath had, has hot. a lot of 
land and Built a house on it on the Contry Rlioade from Dover meet- 

* " George Sumner, from Dorchester, Hved in Northampton, Mass., a few 
years ; and while there, he married Mary Baker, a sister of Timothy Baker, Nov. 
7, I6G2. He returned to Dorchester, and I liave a minute, that he moved to Mil- 
ton, Mass., then an adjoining town to Dorchester. His children were cousins of 
Capt. Thomas Baker of Dover." — Manuscript letter of Sylvester Judd. 



l-^-O aA/w-tj->Y j^\ju^^K 



1851.] The Otis Genealogy, 195 

ing house to Coclieclio Boome ; and have bedding and other necessa- 
ros fit for a Public house for Entertainment of Travellers, &c. And 
Your Petitioner at the Gen'll Quarter Sessions of the Peace Last yr. 
[September] did apply to the Justices of Said Court for a licence for 
a Public house, having first obtained the approbation of the select 
men as the Law Directs, (and the select men denied it to him that had 
the Public house there before) : Nevertheless the Justices granted a 
licence to the former Tavernor and Denied it Your Petitioner. So 
that she is put by the doing of what her friends advised her for the 
support of her Family. Therefore she most humbly prays the assist- 
ance of your Excell'cie and the hon'ble the councill, and House of 
Representatives to Enable her by a Private act, to Keep a house of 
Pubhc Entertainment, Giving Security from Time to Time for keep- 
ing good orders as other Tavernors doth : And your Petitioner as in 
duty Bound Shall ever Pray. 

May the 2d, 1735 Chv^J T^^HC 6ct\{€^ 

In the house of Representatives the above Petition Read, and voted 
that the prayer of the Petition be granted, and that the Petitioner 
have Licence to keep a house of Public Entertainment for four years 
free of excise, and alsoo have liberty to Bring in a Bill accordingly. 
Giving security to keep good orders as other Tavernors doth. 

James Jeffry, Clerk Ass. 

May the 8th, 1735. 

She opened her " House of Entertainment," authority for which 
was granted by the General Assembly, and kept it for many years. 
It stood on the South-east corner of Silver and Pleasant Streets, Dover, 
on the lot where Jeremy Perkins store now stands, and faced both 
streets. The " Dover Meeting house " was then on Pine Hill, and 
the " Cochecho Boome," somewhere near the upper Bridge. 

She died 23 Feb., 1773, and an obituary notice of her is to be found 
in the Boston Evening Post, of March 15, 1773. 

Her children by her second husband, Capt. Thomas Baker, were, 
(all born in Brookfield except the first.) 

(36) I. Christine^ (83) (her birth is recorded on t]^e Northampton, 
Mass., Records, 5 June 1716, as " Christian, dau. of Capt. Thomas 
Baker and Margarett, his wife," although her name was so spelled on 
the records, she was called by the family, Christine), m. Capt. Dudley 
Watson, of Dover. 

(37) IL iEuNiCE^ (94) m. Doct. Cheney Smith, of Dover. 

(38'> III. LuCY^, (100) m. Joshua Stackpole, of that part of Somers- 
worth, now called Rollinsford. 

(39) IV. CHARLES^ (102), b. 1721-2, m. (1) Love , (2) Sarah 

Carr, of Newberry, Mass., and widow of Francis Roberts of Somers- 
worth. Died at Somersworth, N. H., Sept. 26, 1784. His wife died 
Oct. 21, 1807, JE 85. 

(40) V. Mary^ (108), b. 16 Feb. 1725-6, m. Capt. Benjamin Bean, of 
Epping, N. IL, 1753. Died at Conway, N. IL, 6 Feb., 1826. 

(41) VI. Otis^, (113), (the name originally given him, was Otis Arch- 
el aus Sharrington. But as he became of age, he dropped the two 
middle names,) b. 1727, m. (1) Lydia, dau. of Dea. Gorsham Went- 
worth of Somerworth, grandson of Elder Wm. Wentworth by Ezekiel ; 



196 The Otis Genealogy. [April, 

2cl, Tamsen, dau. of James and Mehitable Chesley, who was the wid. 
of John Twombly. Died at Dover, N. H., Oct. 27, 1801. His wife 
died C Nov., 1801. 

(42) VIT. Alexander Douglass^ b. 1729, was "a pious and de- 
voted young man ; a calm and deliberate Christian," and d. unmarried, 
23 Sept., 1756, in the 27th year of his age, as per Dover Tomb stone. 
He was a Blacksmith by trade. 

Richard Otis^ (12 — H) The first trace of him that we dis- 
cover, is from the Exeter Records : " Richard Otis, of Charlestown, 
Middlesex County, Mass." conveys to Stephen Otis, his brother, of 
Dover, N. H., all " my right to land of my father, Richard Otis, or of 
my grandfather, Richard Otis, or of my uncle, Nicholas Otis," Oct. 
30, 1722. From the town and church records of Charlestown, it is 
found that his wife, Grace, d. 9 Dec, 1721 ; that a " young child," d^ 
11 Dec, 1721. Where or when he d. has not been ascertained. His 
children were, 

(43) I. Graces b. 11 May, 1716. 

(44) II. Richard'*, bap. 2(J March, 1718, was at New London, Ct., 
about 1750-5, and afterwards of Preston, and he d* in Stonnington, 
Ct. His wife was a Dayton, by whom he had, Ephraim^j Richard^, 
and William^, who m. and settled in Western, N. Y., and James^, m. 
Orphana Randall, and had at Stonnington, Ct., Hansford^, who m. and 
s. a farmer at Springville, Erie Co.,.N. Y., where he was murdered 
by a man named Major McEUroy, 23 April, 1840, in the barn of 
Otis, and the barn set on fire and consumed. McEUroy was employed 
on Mr. Otis's farm ; w^as tried, found guilty of the crime, and wa& ex- 
ecuted at Buffalo, N. Y. ; Ephraim Randall^ j b. 30 Jan., 1785, has 
no ch. Now resides at Norwich, Ct., a merchant. 

(45) III. MaryS b. 8 Sept. 1720. 

Rebecca Otis^, (13 — III.) m. Richard Canney, of Dover, and 
had children, 

(46) I. OtisS b. 23 Jan'y 1718. (47) II. Richard^ b. 11 March, 
1720-1. (48) III. Judith*, b. March 1722-3. 

Stephen Otis^ (14— IV.) m. (1) Mary Young, 30 Jan. 1719-20 ; 
(2) 30 July 1736, Catharine, dau. of Nathaniel and Catharine (Neale) 

Austin, (b. 12 Jan., 1715.) (3d) Elizabeth . He received 

in 1721, at Dover, land granted to his father in 1694; and in 1722, 
all his brother Richard's right and title in the old estate. In 1733, 
measures were commenced by himself and brother, to recover some 
portion of the old estate, which they claimed by right of inheritance 
and which from some cause, (if they had ever been in possession) had 
passed out of their hands : — " Stephen Otis, of Dover, and Nicholas 
Otis, of Newport, R. I., tailor, for the recovery of lands belonging to 
our father, Richard Otis, and our grandfather, Richard Otis," they 
agreed to share in the expenses. (See Mary (Otis) Varney below.) 

He lived in that part of Dover which was incorporated under the 
name of Madbury, as a separate town, 31 May, 1751, having for 
some time previously had that name as a parish ; at which place his 
will was made 2 May, 1759, and proved 29 Aug., following. He is 
called a weaver, and gives something to each of his sons, and to his 
" present wife Elizabeth," the rest of his property for life, and at her 
death to go to his children " born of her body," viz : — Susannah and 
" the one of which she is now pregnant." His chil. were by first wife, 
(49) I. Joshua*, (122) b. about 1720, m. Jane Ilussey, of Dover, about 
1745, and soon after removed to Barrington. 



1851.] The Otis G-enealogy. 197 

(50) n. Stephens (132) b. 1731, m. Molly Elwell, of Parripgton. 

(51) III. John*, unmarried, enlisted in the Revolutionary War and 
never returned. By his third wife he had, 

(52) IV. Susanna^ m. Aaron Davis, of Madbury, 7 Nov., 1776. 

(53) V. A CHILD*, posthumous. 

Nicholas Otis*, (15 — V) as is seen above was at NeAvport, R. I., 
1733. He was a ship-caulker; went to sea, and it is believed, com- 
manded a ship which sailed from Providence, H. I., and v/as lost with 
his ship at sea. He had but one child, which was left an orphan 
quite young, named, 

(54) I. Nicholas*, b. 22 May, 1765, m. Cynthia Windsor, of Provi- 
dence, R. I. He was taken when a child by a relative to N. H., 
where he lived until about eighteen years of age. He was in Green- 
field, Mass, a few years, and was a school teacher, in Onondaga Co., 
N. Y., where he d. 1809. She d. 1847, az 82. Their children were, 

Windsor^ b. 6 July, 1790, m. Chloe Campbell 1808, d. in Ohio, 1815 
and left two daughters and one son, Calvin Nicholas^, who resides at 
Buffalo, N. Y., an architect ; Sarah\ b. 6 Dec, 1791, d. 1823 ; Dex- 
ter^, b. 6 Feb'y 1795, m. Polly Wait, 6 July, 1816. He was a 
preacher, and d. in Ohio, 19 March, 1845, leaving two sons and five 
daughters ; Canduce^^ b. 23 March, 1799, m. Pardon Cornell, 1819, 
and d. 1830. 

Mary Otis^ (18 — III) m. Ebenezer, son of Humphrey Varney, 
who was a Quaker, (as most of his descendants have been) and son- 
in-law to Elder Edward Starbuck (marrying his youngest dau. Esther) 
and father to Peter, Ebenezer, John, Joseph, and Abigail. From 
records it is evident, that Ebenezer Varney took possession of the 
" Hill" or Otis estate, about 1696, (about which time Cochecho was 
resettled) under the title inherited from his wife's father, fortifying 
his title by deeds from the Canada Otises and quit-claims, from other 
heirs of Richard ^Otis. This property was for some time in dispute 
(see Stephen ^Otis) as was the case in several other instances, the In- 
dian troubles overturning proof and destroying evidence of titles. 
This property has remained in the Varney family until the parents of 
the present generation of heirs sold their share, old house (150 years 
old) and all to John Ham. 

Of their numerous descendants a brge p«irt v/ere or ?re fTr'ers, 
and as respectable as any similar num jer or* persons. Children born 
at Dover, 

(55) I. Mary*, b. 1693-4-6, m. 1713-10-17, Wra. Horn. She d. 
1735-9-18, and left Sarah^ b. 1714, m. 1st Isaac Ilt^nson; 2d, Sam'l 
Gould. 

(56) II. Sarah*, b. 1695-9-10, m. Samuel Gaskill, of Salem. 

(57) III. Stephen*, (141) b. 1697-9-7, m. Mercy Hanson. 

(58) IV. Abigail*, (151) b. 1699-2-11, m. Wm. Frye, jr. 

(59) V. John*, b. 1701-11-15, m. 1723, Sarah, dau. of Timothy Rob- 
inson. 

(60) VI. Ebenezer*, (159) 1704-3-21, m. Elizabeth Hanson. 

(61) VII. Nathaniel*, (169) b. 1706-1-17, m. Content Gaskill. 

(62) VIII. Thomas*, (180) b. 1708-2-7, m. Dorothy Mai-tin. 

(63) IX. Judith*, (191) b. 1710-2-11, in. Tobias Hanson. 

(64) X. Samuel*, (198) b. 1712-2-2, m. Mary Varney. 

(65) XL Martha*, (207) b. 1713-14-1-18, m. John Twombly. 

(66) XII. Paul*, (208) b. 1715-16-1-18, m. EHzabeth Mussey. 

(67) XIII. Anne*, (213) b. 1718-5-6, m. Solomon Hanson. 



198 The Otis Genealogy. [^P^i^j 

Otis Pinkiiam^, (29 — IV.) m. Abigail Tibbetts, 1721-9-22. 
She was b. 1701-6-12 thedau. of Epliraim and Rose, (Austin) Tib- 
betts. The inventory of his property (amounting to £1100) was re- 
turned 17 04, Nov. 30. Children born at Dover, were, 
(G8) I. Samuels b. 26 Sept. 1722. (69) 11. Ann*, b. 30 April, 1724. 

(70) III. Rose*, b. 18 March, 1825-6. 

(71) IV. Paul*, b. 4-3-1730, m. Rose dau. of Joseph Austin. He d. 
1819-3-16, and had, Nicholas^ b. 1755-11-3, d. 1770-10-1 ; Joseph, 
b. 1757-8-14, m. Elizabeth Green, 17^8, d. 1845, having had Nich- 
olas^ 1789 ; Jeremiah Green^ 1791 ; Sarah^ 1794, ra. Joseph Tut- 
tle ; Elizabeth^ 1797 ; Joseph^ 1800 ; Hannah^ 1804, m. Levi Sawyer ; 
Rosee^ 1807, m. Sam'l Dunn ; Rebecca^ 1809, m. Jacob K. Purinton ; 
Otis\ b. 1759-8-25, lost at sea, 1786 ; Silas^ b. 1764-11-9, d. 1796- 
9-10 ; Rose'' b. 1766-12-1, m. Jonathan Hanson ; Paul\ b. 1768-12-1. 

Rose Pinkham^ (32 — VII.) m. 1st, James Tuttle, he was born 
7 April, 1683, d. 1709, was grandson of John Tuttle the first settler 
of the name in Dover, who was there in 1642, and d. in 1662, whose 
wife was Dorothy and who had children, viz : Thomas, (accidentally 
killed in 1664 by the falling of a tree,) John, (Judge and father of 
James,) and two daughters, the oldest of which was married before 
1663, and the youngest was yet under eighteen. Rose by her first 
husband had, 

(72) I. Phebe*, b. 26 Sept., 1706, m. Moses Varney, grandson of 
Humphrey and probably son of Peter, 1728-1-16. She d. 1776-6-21, 
and had James^^ Peter" ^ ElijaJv', Sarah^, m. Solomon Piper, Lydia^, m. 
Solomon Varney, Moses^, Humphrey^^ Phebe^, b. 1741, m. Joseph Rick- 
ford, 3fordecav', Benjamin^, Betsey^, m. Nicholas Hanford. 

(73) II. Elijah*, (223) b. 14 May, 1708, m. Esther Varney. 

Rose Pinkham, m. 2d, Thomas Canney, who descended from 
Thomas Canney, of Piscataqua, 1631, and of Dover, 1633, wiiose 2d 
wife was Jane, and of whose children were Thomas, (died before 
1677 and left six children, and his widow m. John Wingate*,) Joseph, 
(who m. 1670, Mary Clements, dau. of Job,) and Mary, who m. 
Jeremy Tibbetts, and had five children (see Farmer's Gen. Reg.) 
By her 2d husband she had, 

(74) III. Thomas*, b. 1712-9-4. 

(75) IV. Susanna*, (226) b. J 715-2-4, m. Isaac, son of Tobias and 
Ann (Lord) Hanson, 1741-16-2. He d. 1758, Jan'y 15, " in an ap- 
perplect fit." 

(76) V. Martha*, b. 1718-6-17, m. Moses Meader. 

(77) VL Benjamin*, b. 1720-11-2, d. unm. 1776-5-18. 

(78) VIL Rose*, b. 1722-6-21. (79) VIIL William*, b. 1724-2-7. 
(80) IX. Joseph*, b. 1725-5-3. (81) X. John*, b. 1728-5-1. 

(82) XL Mary*, b. 1729-7-1. (83) XIL Elizabeth*, b. 1731-11-7. 
Christina Baker^, (36 — I) m. Capt. Dudley Watson of Dover. 
He was baptized at Dover, 17 Oct., 1736, and was dead 4 June, 
1777, as his son Thomas, as Administrator, then liberated a slave be- 
longing to his estate. She was admitted to the clih. at Dover, 14 
Nov., 1736, as the wife of Capt. Dudley Watson. Her name here, 
as in the record of her birth at Northampton, is spelled Christian. 
She was a widow, and had been, not far from five years when she d. 
18 March, 1776. Children born at Dover. 

* See Wingate note, page 332, Gen. Hegistcr, for 1850. Why does not some 
one write the very interesting history of this Wingate family ? 



1851.] The Otis Genealogy. 199 

(84) I. Dudley^ bap. 17 Oct., 1736. 

(85) II. Lucy*, bap. 18 Feb., 1739, m. Aaron Ham, lived In Eoclies- 
ter and had 4 daughters. She d. about ten years since. 

(86) III. David*, bap. 14 June, 1741, d. young. 

(87) IV. Thomas*, bap. 10 Aug., 1743, m. at Dover, 31 Dec, 1770; 
Abigail Horn, and had Aaron^ ; Dudley^, d. at Rochester ; AbigaiP ; 
Lydia^ ; and a dau. who m. Benj. Horn. 

(88) V. Samuel*, bap. 7 April, 1745, d. young. 

(89) VI. WiNTHROP*, m. Mary Horn, 12 Mch., 1776, and had at Do- 
ver, SaraueP, Winthrop^, DanieP, and two daus. 

(90) VII. Mary*, bap. 15 April 1750, m. 14 Mch., 1775, Heard Roberts, 
of Dover first, and Rochester afterwards, and had 4 sons and 1 dau. 

(91) VIII. Hannah*, bap. 17 May, 1752, m. 1 Aug., 1771, Nathaniel 
Ham of Dover, and had 3 sons and 1 dau., now all dead. 

(92) IX. Otis Baker*, bap. 30 Sept., 1753, m. Charity Horn, of 
Dover, s. in Sandwich, where he died March 11, 1815, aged 62 years. 
His wife died Sandwich, July 22, 1848, aged about 85 years. Their 
children were Christine^ (died about 4 years old ;) Polly^, born about 
1789, m. David Ethridge of Sandwich, where both now live ; Chris- 
tine^ born June 23, 1791, married her cousin Paul Horn^ (son of 
Paul Horn of Dover, m. Hannah Smith*) born May 10, 1785, and 
both now live at Sandwich and have Amasa**, Otis Baker^', Mar- 
garet^, William^', Julia E'\, and John F*^., still living ; James H*'., 
born 1793, m. Sarah Keazer of Groton, Mass., and both live at 
Sandwich; David^ born 1795, lives single at Sandwich ; Jonathan^ 
born 1796 m. (1) Adeline Tibbets of Dover, N. H., and (2) Eliz- 
abeth Burnham^ of Dover, N. H., where they now live ; Esther^ 
born 1803 and lives single at Sandwich, N. H.; Sophia^ born 1806 
and lives single at Sandwich ; Eleanor H^., born 1813 and lives sin- 
gle at Sandwich. 

(93) X. Sarah*, bap. 18 July, 1756, m. Richard Garland of Bartlett, 
N. H. He was b. at Rochester, 28 May, 1763 ; now living a Pen- 
sioner at the foot of the White Mountains, where he has resided for 
60 years ; is still quite active. She d. 17 Feb., 1814, and they had 
5 sons and 3 daus. Isaac Meserve of Bartlett, N. H., m. his grand- 
daughter. 

(94) XI. Lydia*, b. 24 Feb., 1760, m. Richard Hayes of Madbury, and 
had six sons and five daus. She d. 22 Apl., 1850, se. 91. 

Eunice Baker^, (37 — II) m. Doct. Cheney Smith, who practised 
in Dover as early as 1735. He d. between 1756 and *59, and had 

(95) I. Mary*, bap. 31 Mch., 1740, d. unm. 22 Mch., 1795. 

(96) II. Eunice*, bap. 18 Sept., 1743, m. 2 Sept., 1780, Benj. Church. 

(97) III. Sarah*, baptized Feb. 23, 1746, lived when young, with her 
aunt Bean at Epping, N. II., and married Capt. Crocket, a wealthy 
farmer of Meredith, N. H., where some of her descendants now live. 

(98) IV. Lucy*, baptized 16 July, 1749, probably the one who married 

Smith, and lived the latter part of her life with her daughter 

Eunice^ Smith who "was the first wife of Spencer Wentworth^ of 
Dover, baptized June 10, 1779, who moved to Jackson, N. H., some 
40 years ago and lives there now, son of Ephriam* of Rochester, N. 
II., grandson of Ephriam^ of Dover, who was the son of Ephraim^ and 
grandson of Elder William Wentworth of Dover. Spencer and 
Eunice Wentworth had William*^, SamueP, Charles*^, Lydia®, Chris- 
tine^, Mary Jane'', and Florida® ; and he married for a second wife, 
Nancy Gannet of Tamworth, N. II., and had Chandler^, Nancy^, and 



200 The Otis G-enealogy, [April, 

one other child. This Smith who m. Lucy^ was a great traveller, an- 
tiquarin, and genealogist, and he had a son Pearson^, who was in the 
same business and was travelling at last advices. 
(99) V. Hannah*, bap. 17 June, 1753, m. Paul Home of Dover, (his 
first wife.) They had Susan^, m. Noah Robinson of Barnstead and 

left ch.; Marif', m. 1st., Walbridge, 2d., her cousin David, son 

of Winthrop Watson ; Benjamin^^ m. his cousin Hannah Home, and 
now lives in Dover ; PauP, born jMay 10, 1785, m. his cousin Chris- 
tines, daughter of Otis B. Watson* of Sandwich, N. H., where both 
now live ; Eunice^, m. Paul Hayes, son of James, and lives with her 
son-in-law Jerry Kingman, Esq., of Barrington. 

(100) VI. Cheny*, bap. 29 June, 1755, died a soldier of the Revolution. 

Lucy Baker^, (38 — IH) m. Joshua Stackpole of (then Somers- 
worth, now) RoUinsford. After her death he m. a second time. She 
had ch., 

(101) I. Samuel*, (228) b. Oct., 1740, m. Zervia, dau. of Isaac and 
Joanna Watson, bap. 5 Oct., 1755. 

(102) II. Lucy*, m. 1st., William Watson, 2d, Gersom Horn, of Dover, 
who was b. 1733, and d. 25 Jan., 1800. Her children were, 

Benjamin^, m. Patience, dau. of James Leighton of Barrington. 
Both d., leaving Lilias^, m. Solomon Gate ; Jeremy'^, m. Hannah, dau. 

of Daniel Hall of Barrington ; Jacolf'^ m. Willey ; AhigaiV', m. 

Geer of Dover. 

HiRAM^, lives in Barrington, unmarried ; William^, d. unmarried 
at sea ; Nathaniel^, m. and d. in Danvers, Ms. ; John^, d. unmar- 
ried at sea ; Frederick^ ; Fenton^, d. unmarried in Salem ; Joseph^, 
d. in Dover, unra. ; Elizabeth"^, m. Ezekiel Varney, and s. in Port- 
land ; Abigail^, m. Tracy, d. in Dover, no ch. 

Charles Baker^, (39-1 V) m. 1st, Love , of Berwick, Me., 

said by some to be Downs, and by others Wentworth. His 2d wife, 
(b. Feb., 1721-2, d. 21 Oct., 1807,) was Mary, dau. of John and 
Elizabeth Carr, of Newbury, Mass., sister of Dr. Moses Carr,* bom 
at Newbury, Nov. 25, 1715, practiced medicine in Somersworth, N. H, 

* There was a James Carr, (whose son we know not) Married Ruth Moody, at 
Newbery, Ap. 25, 1712. Dr. Moses Carr came to Dover when very young, and was 
an inmate of Capt. Benj.Wentworth's'Uiouse, for seven years, i.nd finally married 
his wife's neice, Mary, dau. of Paul Gerrish, of Dover, who m. John Leighton's 
(the old Sheriff of York Co.. living at Kittery, and marrying Oner Langdon of 
Portsmouth, 13 June, 1686) daughter Mary, born at Kittery, May 7, 1693. Their 
children were John Carr, born Oct. 26, 1741; Paul Carr, June 6, 1743, and 
died Sept. 5, 1753 ; Mary Carr, born Oct. 21, 1744, married John, son of Judge 
Ichabod and Abigail* Wentworth Rollins; Moses Carr, born May 28, 1746, 
married gannJitk. Hamilton, whose mother was a daughter of Hon. Thomas 
Millet, Represerifative from Dover at various times from 1731 to 1755, Judge 
of Superior Court from 1740 to 1742 and died 1763, and whose daughter Abi- 
gail was second wife of Col. John* Wentworth of Somersworth ; James Carr, 
born April 22, 1748, m. Susanna^ daughter of Col. John Wentworth* of Som- 
ersworth, by his second wife, whose descendants are given in the Wentworth 
Genealogy in the Oct. 1850 No. of this Register, where the wife of Oliver P. 
Carr of Coffeeville, should be corrected from Armine*^ to her sister Mercy H.^ 
Wentworth^, from Feb. 24, 1809, and daughter of John^, son of Bartholomew*, 
and grandson of Lt. Benjamin^ who was the son of Benjamin'"^ and grandson of 
Elder William Wentworth of Dover; Betsey, born June 26, 1749, married 
James, son of Judge Ichabod and Abigail Wentworth* Rollins ; Sarah Carr, 
born Sept. 17, 1751, and died July 4, 1755; Daniel Carr, born June 2, 1753, and 
died June 30, 1753; Hannah Carr, born Dec. 9, 1754, and m. Reuben Tibbcts of 
Berwick, Me., and had Paul Carr Tibbctts and Joini Tibbets m. Hannah, daugh- 
ter of James Rollins by his second wife (both living at Lisbon, Maine,) Sarah 
m. — — Richardson, and a daughter m. Smith of Bath, Me.; Sarah Carr, 



1851.] The Otis Genealogy/, 201 

60 years, was Judge of Common Pleas, 1776 to 1784, and died 30 
March, 1800. Her first husband was Francis Roberts, of Somers- 
worth, by whom she had Frances, John, Betsey, (m. John Ilam, of 
Rochester,) Mary. ^m. Co\ . Jon a t h njii_ J||) j^ pj^ of Wakefield,) and 
Sally, (m. CaptTTohrT'StiTlson, of Portsmoutli, N. II.) Charles 
Baker, resided at Somersworth, where both liis wives and he d., and 
where all his children were born. He d. 26 Sept. 1784, ^ 63. By 
his first wife he had, 

(103) I. CiiAiiLEsS m. Eunice A llen, of Durham, N. II., lived and died 
in Bi-ookfieid, N. H. They Had Love^ DanieP, Mehitable^, and Ma- 
ry^ Nothing further known. 

(104) II. Thomas^, m. Mary Allard, of Brookfield, lived and died in 
Wolfl)orough, N. H., and had Thomas^ Mar}^, Charles^, Jonathan^, 
John^, Margaret"'', Benjamin^, and Love^. Nothing else known. 

(105) III. CiiAiUTY^, m. Samuel Roberts, of Alfred, Me., and had Sam- 
ueP, Sally^, Patience^, Love^, John^ Mary^ Nothing else known. 

]>y his second wife he had, 

(106) IV. D()U^.LASS^ b. Jan. 18, 1702, and d. in Sliapleigh, Me., April 
'2(), 1844, m. in S., 4 Feb'y 1798, Mary Bagley, who was b. in Ber- 
wick, Dec, 9, 1770, and d. in S , 4 Jan., 1848. They had Sarah^, b. 
April T), 1800, m. 13 Sept., 1823, Samuel Roberts, of Alfred; 
A/lira^, b. Dec, 23, 1801, m. 1st, 13 Nov., 1825, Aplira Bean, of 
Alfred, who d. Jan'y 20, 1848, m. 2d, Sept., 3, 1848, Rhoda W. Ross, 
of Sliapleigh, Avhere he now lives ; Samitd^^ b. 6 Oct., 1803, d. 20 
April, 1815; Mary\ b. 24 May, 1806, d. May 2, 1849 ; Theodate^h, 
13 Sept., 1809, m. 13 Nov., 1842, .James Bedell, of Sanford, Me., 
where she now lives ; John^, b. 23 March, 1813, d. 12 April, 1815. 

(107) V. MosKS*, b. 24 March, 1766, in Somersworth, where he lived 
until Feb'y, 1847, when he moved to Gorham, Me., and there d. the 
ensuing 25 of March. He was one of the New Hampshire Coun- 
sellois, 1838 and 1839. He m. 25 Feb., 1800, Sarah Thorns of 
Gorh.:i:Ti, (born 8 Sept., 1781,) where she still lives. They had Sally 
Carr\ b. 4 Dec, 1800, m. J. H. Clement, of G., 21 March, 1827; 
Saurud Thoms\ b. 23 Dec, 1802, m. Ellen McDufiie, of Alton, 
N. 11.. 6. Dec, 1826, and now lives in Bradley, Me.; Mary Ann^, 
b- 15 Aug., 1804, m. Theophilus Dame, of Rochester, N. H., 28 Oct., 
1824, now of Gorham, (son of Hon Richard Dame of Rochester, 
Judi^e, Representative, Senator and Counsellor, d. 19 Sept., 1828, JE 
72; ) Elizabeth L\ b. 8 July, 1809, m. James W. Sliapleigh, of Elliot, 
Me., 17 M-h. 1841 ; Ghristine Otis\h. 3 Jan., 1812, m. Moses Fogg, 
of G., 12 Feb'y 1839 ; Adaline Francis^ b. 24 May, 1820, and m. 
Joseph Piummer, of Milton, N. H., 30 Oct., 1844. 

(108) VI. Danjel*, twin of Mo^es, still living at Gorham, m. Betsey 
Clement, of Dover, N. H., 4 May, 1796. They had lra\ b. 23 Sept., 

born Nov. 29, 1756, married Dr. Natlianiel Low of South Berwick, Me , father 
of Sarah Ann, m. Joseph Murphy of Lyman, 3Ie., and of Dr. Low of Dover, 
married Mary Ann. daujrhter of William Hale* Paul Curr, born Nov. 6, 1758; 
Susan Carr. horn Feb. 25. 1761. married Elijah Clements. 

Dr. Moses Car had a hrother -lames, whose dau. m. Joseph Wingate, of Hal- 
lowell. whose son, Gen. Joshua Wing'ate. m. Julia, dau. of Gen. Henry Dearbon. 
Mrs. Win^rate now lives a widow at Portland, and is sister of Gen. H A. S. 
Deiirl>orn. of Mass. Dr. Moses also had another sister, besides Mrs. Baker, Anna, 
who m Daniel, son of Kev. James Pike. His dau. Elizal)eth, m. Benjamin*, son 
ot Mark Wentworth", who was the son of Benjamin', and m Elizabeth*, dau. of 
Ca]>r. lienjamin'', and {Tvand dau. of Ezekiel Wentworth-. This Benj imin*, and 
Elizabeth Pike, had two children, one dau. d. young, and Daniel^ Wentworth, 
■whose son Daniel'', now lives in Lebanon, Me. 
9 



202 The Otis Genealogy. [April, 

1798, m. Betsey Hanscom, of G. ; Sarah Oarr\ b. 4 May, 1800, d. 
1820; John\ b. 12 Sept., 1804, m. 1831, Eliza Roberts, of West- 
brook, lives in Portland, Me. ; Jacob^, b. 19 June, 1808, single ; Bet- 
sey^, b. 1 Aug., 1815, m. Nov., 2G, 1840, Almond Hobson of Buxton, 
now of Portland, Me. 

Daniel Baker* is the only living grand-child of Capt. Thomas Ba- 
ker, and Christine Otis. 

Mary Baker^ (40— V) born at Brookfield, Mass., 16 Feb'y, 
1725-G, m. Capt. Benjamin Bean, of Epping, N. H., about 1753. 
His mother being left in rather destitute circumstances, when he was 
but nine years of age, he was bound out to labor. [Another account 
says that, prior to his enlisting in the French War, he went out to 
Havannah, and remained there some years. Those who dispute this, 
say that it was his father who was at Havannah.] At the end of 
his term, he enlisted to serve in the French War, and went to 
Dover as his place of rendezvous, where he contracted an acquaint- 
ance with Mary Baker^. He M-as present at the capture of Louis- 
burg, and distinguished himself there. After peace was declared, 
he w^ent into the masting business, upon the Salmon Falls River, 
in Somersworth and Berwick; and in passing through Dover, 
renewed his acquaintance Avith his future wife. He resided at 
Epping, until about 1771, when he went to Bow, N. H., where he 
resided at the epoch of the Revolution ; and when the pledge was 
carried around by the selectmen, (as required by the Committee 6f 
safety) to see who in Bow were favorable to the Revolution, the fifth 
volume of the American Archives, shows that he Avas one of the 
number. He was a Captain of the Militia and was one of the most 
active and efficient officers in obtaining recruits and furnishing sup- 
plies for the army. He was with Stark at the battle of Bennington, 
also went with the volunteers to meet Gen. Burgoyne, and v\ as at 
the capture with his sons, Ebenezer and Benjamin. The hardships 
and fatigue of that campaign laid the foundation for a disease of 
w^hich he died the following summer, aged upwards of 50 years. 

His father was a seaman, and was a man of some property at one 
time, but which he lost with the loss of a ship at sea. He was re- 
turning from a voyage to his home at Exeter in a small boat which 
he had taken at Portsmouth, and had his son Benjamin Avith him, 
then only nine years of age. When Avithin a fcAv miles of liome, he 
fell out of his boat and was droAvned in Exeter River. After his 
death, his widow married Jeremy Bean, (supposed to be a cousin of 
his) and had children. His name Avas Benjamin, and tradition makes 
him one of two brothers Avho emigrated to jNIa-sachusetts not long 
after the landing of the Pilgrims* one of Avhom married an Irish girl 
under the folloAving circumstances. She could not pay her })assage 
and so had to be sold. As he Avanted a house-keeper, he bouglit her 

* Bean was pronounced, formerly, as thonjjh written Bane; and in fai't we 
often find it so written. There was a Capt Joseph Bane, a pretty proinincnt and 
important character, about Piscataqua at the close of tlie Indian War century. 
In a case of title to lands. Bane says, that '-in 1691, he was wiih 'J'hcodore 
Atkinson, late of New Castle. N. II., Esq., said Atkinson's wife, and Mrs. Kli/a- 
beth Alcock, of Portsmouth, widow, and many others at the house of Joseph 
Moulton, of York, in the county of York, when they were taken ciipti^'e by a 
lar^e number of Indians ; that he was sold to an Amaroscojj^en Indian, with 
whom he lived till 1699." The ei<;ht years of Bane's caj)tivity, was prohalily 
during his minority. He was afterwards much employed as an interpreter. See 
Book of the Indians, Book iii 108. 



1851.] The Otis Genealogy, 203 

and paid for her in staves ; and he was so well pleased with her that 
he married her, and had by her children, whose descendants (though 
not embracing Capt. Bean,) are now very numerous and respectable. 

Capt. Bean's mother, who afterwards married Jeremy Bean, was 
much celebrated in her times for her courage, judgment, perseverance, 
and piety. She was Mehitable Mahew, from Cape Cod, and had by 
her first hus])and (Benjamin) seven or eight children, four at two 
births witliin fifteen months. 

Mrs. Mary Bean^ died at her residence in Conway near the 
I)resent house of her grandson, Col. Benjamin Bean, Feb. 6, 1826, 
lacking 10 days of being one hundred years of age. On the next 
anniversary of her birth, all of her descendants had made prepara- 
tions to visit her. Siie could see to thread a needle without glasses 
to the last day of her life, and r(3tained her memory to the last also. 
It would have been a great relief to the historians of the present day 
could her historical narrations as given to admiring neighbors, have 
been committed to paper. But for them, as transmitted to us by her 
grandson. Col. Bean, from his own memory merely, we sliould never 
have been able to have connected Richard Otis of Dover with his 
numerous descendants of the i)resent day. Children : 

(109) I. Ebenezem Bean,* b. o Sept., 1755, m. Catharine, dau. of 
Joseph and Abigail Kilgore of Lovel, Me., 1787. He was one of 
the very first to espouse the cause of his country on the battle-fields 
of the Revolution. On the morning of the battle of Bunker Hill, he 
went to the hill at the command of Col. Prescott, to work upon the 
breast-work, and he was in the redoubt slightly thrown up and com- 
manded by Gen. Warren, where the enemy aimed their heaviest and 
most fatal guns. He had his gun shot off in his hand, and thirteen 
balls fired through his clothes, but one of which injured him, and that 
but slightly. In the scarcity of ammunition, he was engaged in 
throwing stones until tlie enemy entered, and then he was pursued as 
he took a circuitous route to his pack which h^e had stowed away in 
the morning ; but, it having been stolen in the time of the engage- 
ment, he contented himself with carrying from the hill, the overcoat 
of his captain, which had been abandoned. He was at the capture of 
Burgoyne, and one of a scouting party that captured fifty-four In- 
dians. He served 18 or twenty months in all, at different times, but 
enlisted for longer periods, and was honorably discharged at the re- 
quest of his father, that he might assist in taking care of the fam- 
ily in the absence of his father and brother. Soon after the close of 
the war and the death of his father, he removed with his widowed 
mother from Bow to Conway, N. H., where he died 3 March, 1846, 
in the 91st year of his age. His children were, I. Joseph^ ^ b. 4 
Feb., 1788, m. 3 June, 1819, Sally Knox, and has three sons and 
four daughters ; II. Mehitable^, b. 24 July, 1790, living unmarried at 
Conway; III. Hannah\ b. 10 Mch., 1793, d. 19 May, 1807; IV. 
Berijdmhv', b. 6 May, 1795, m. Sarah, dau. of Ephraim and Abigail 
Garland, Nov., 1828. Col. Bean resides at Conway, N. H., and has 
children, Ebenezer^ Catharine'', Benjamin^ Eliza Ann^, Geo. W^, Ab- 
bey HI, Sarah"; V. Mary\ b. 28 Jan., 1798, m. Nathaniel Merrill of 
Gray, Me., 1844, and d. Dec, 1848; VI. EbenezeT^, b. 13 Sept., 
1800, d. unm. 1827; VII. Ahigai¥\h. VliM., 1802, m. Sylvanus 
Eastman of Lovell, Me. She d. Oct., 1832, leaving 2 ch., Eben- 
ezer^ and Catharine®; VIII. Martha^, b. 17 Nov., 1805, m. Rev. J. 
Caruthers of Portland, Me., Oct., 16, 1848. 

(110) II. Benjamin Bean*, b. July, 1757, m. Susan Carr after the Rev- 



204 The Otis Genealorjy. [April, 

olution, at Bow, N. H., and lived in Piermont, where he died 2 July, 
1835. lie had six sons and six daui,diters. lie served through the 
whole war of the Revolution. At Ijennington, he was in the staff", and 
commanded a party who were ordered into the rear of the enemy's 
breastwork, and there carried it at the point of tlie ])ayonet. 

(111) III. Mary Bean^ b. ]May, 1759, and d. 28 April, 1849, unmarried. 

(112) IV. Mehitable Bean*, b. 17G1, and m. Hubbard Colby of Eaton. 
Both are now deceased. She d. in 1828, surviving- her husband about 
two years. They had ch., I. Pulhf\ b. 1792, and is still living, sin- 
gle ; II. Abraham^ b. 2G May, 1795, m. jNIary Ann, dau. of the late 
Hon. John March of Eaton, N. II. Thev have had live sons and 
three dans. He has often represented Eaton in the N. II. Legisla- 
lature; III. Pheht^^ b. 1798, thrown from a sleigh and killed, 1824; 
IV. Benjamin^, b. 1800, ra. Phebe Foster, of Eaton, N. H., and they 
have three sons and four daughters; V. MeJdtable^, b. 1802, m. 
Ebenezer Burbank of Albany, N. H., and they have three sons and 
two daughters ; VI. Olive' ^ b. 1804, m. Barnet W. Burbank, of Fair- 
field, Me. 

(113) V. Douglas Bean*, b. May, 1764, m. Betsey Foster of Peacham, 
Vt., and d. in Conway, 23 Feb., 1809, leaving one dau., who m. 
Parley Foster, and now lives a widow in Berlin, Vt., near Montpeher. 

Col. Otis BAKEK^ (41 — VI) was member of the Provincial 
House of Representatives at Portsmouth, ]S^. H., 17 08, 1770-2-3, 
and also in 1775, when the Provincial Government was abandoned. 
Dec 21, 1775, he was chosen a Representative to the revolutionary 
legislature at Exeter, which resolved itself into an independant State 
Government, and elected him one of the Judges of the Court of 
Common Pleas, which office he had lield under the colonial govern- 
ment from the organization of Strafford Co., in 1773, and so contin- 
ued to hold it nntil he was elected a state senator in 1785, which 
office he held two years. He was one of the N. II. Committee of 
Safety from 1770 to 1777, and he .-ncceeded Col. John* Wentworth* 
of Somersworth (the 4th in descent from Elder "William by his son 
Ezekiel, and grandson Capt. Benjamin) in command of the old second 
N. II. Regiment.t The family Bible gives his death, Oct. 27th, 
1801, of bilious fever, aged seventy-five years. 

His first Avife ^vas Lydia*, dau. of Deacon Gershom^ Wentworth of 
Somersworth (grandson of Elder William by Ezekiel-) who could not 
have lived long after the birth of her child in 1755, as her father's 
will, dated August 2, 1758, speaks of her as then deceased, and he 
wills to lier only child Sarah, land in Canterbury, N. H. 

The Autograph of Col. Otis Baker, 1771. 



■^"/JftAH-^ ^ o/^^^*>- 



* See Wentworth Genealogy, Oct. No. of Genealogical Register, 1850. 

t Nov. 10, 1772, Rev. Jeremy Bolknap, prcaclicd a sermon on ^lilitary Duty, 
from John 18: 36, before his Kxcellcncy John "Wentworth, LL. 1)., Governor of 
his Majesty's Province of New Hampshire, at a review of the second rc<;iment of 
foot in said Province. This sermon is in the Mass., Historical Society Library, and 

from the pamphlet Ave extract the following;: "Province of N. II. At a meeting 

of the Commissioned officers of the second regiment of the Mihtia of said Province, 
at Dover, on Wednesday, 11th of Nov., 1772: — Voted unanhmmsUj, That Lt. Col. Otis 
Baker, Ksq., wait on the Kev. Mr. Jeremy Belknap, and return him the thanks of said 
officers for the sermon prcaclicd !)y him to said officers yesterday, and request a copy 
thereof lor the press. John Wentworth, of Somersworth, Col." 



1851.] The Otis Genealogy, 205 

His second wife was Tamsen, widow of John Twombly, and 
daughter of James Chesley,* born 1728, and died Nov. 6, 1801, 10 
days after her husband. She had (besides Sarah and Hannah who 
d young) a daugliter, Tamsen, b. Sept., 18, 1756, by her first mar- 
riage, and who was adopted by Col. Otis Baker, who m. Joseph Wal- 
dronf, son of Richard and brother of Colonel John. By his first 
wife he had, 
(114) I. Sarah*, b. 8 June, 1755, m. Ichabod Home (he was b. 1745, and d. 
16 Sept., 1824,) lived in Dover, and had 22 children, 10 of whom died in 
infancy. She died March, 1825. Of their children, Lydia^, b. 1 1 Jan., 
1773, is still hving, m. (22 July, 1807) Capt. Wi'lHam Twambly, 

* From manuscript notes of first settlers of Dover by Mr. A. H. Quint, we gather 
the following: — Philip Chesley was of Dover, 1644, and lived at Oyster Kiver; 
first wife, Elizabeth, second, Joanna. He had children ; Thomas'^, m. Elizabeth 
Thines, about 1663, had children, and was killed by the Indians, 1697; Philip'^, h. 

1644, m. Sarah , died about 1697. Will dated 18 Dec , 169.5 ; /!;.s/'//er"^,m. John, 

grandson of Deacon John Hall, and had children ; Mary'^^ m. KalphHall, son of Dea 
John Hail. 

Philip Chesley^ had Capt. Samuel^, whose wife was Elizabeth, and he was killed by 
the Indians, 15 Sept. 1707, and his widow m. Amos Pinkham, and had Philij}^ ; Eben- 
ezer^ ; and Jaines^. 

James Chesley^, m. Tamsen^ Wentworth, grand-daughter of Elder William, by Eze- 
kiel^. He was killed by the Indians, 15 Sept., 1707, and his widow, Tamsen, married 
John Hayes of Dover, b. 1686, son of John, who settled in Dover about 1680. Her 
second husband (Hayes) died 3 July, 1759, having had a second wife. She must have 
m. soon after his death, as her lirst child (John Hayes) was born 9 Oct., 1711. Jatnes^ 
left but one child, James'^, born 18 May, 1706, and d. 10 Oct., 1777. 

James'^ m. Mehitable Waldron, of whose parents is the following tradition : She 
was the daughter of John Waldron, who is spoken of in John Heard's Will, as " my 
prentice." When a boy, he was taken away in an unfair* manner, from a sea-port in 
England, by a sea-faring man of Dover, by the name of Heard, " Master Heard," prob- 
ably, with whom he afterwards lived at Dover as a chore-boy. Poorly clad and fed, he 
used to drive the cows past the house of a Mrs Home (Probably the widow of Wm. 
killed in 1689, and who had John, William and Thomas) who lived where Stepheo 
Palmer of Dover (who m. a Home) now lives, just opposite the Heard garrison, from 
"whom he received many kindnesses, which were continued until he became a man, and 
finally her husband. He was a distant relative of old Major Richard Waldron, mas- 
sacred in 1689. The children of this John Waldron, (m. to widow Home,) were, 

I. SaRJlH^. 

II. Bridget^ ; both (the former aged 7, and the latter 5,) were killed in this way • 
they were turning the calves into a pasture near the house, when nine Indians sud- 
denly appeared, seized them and cut off their heads, directly before the door, with an 
axe upon a log. and in the sight of their mother in the house, who dared not give any 
alarm. They carried off the heads with them, but they were found by their father 
some weeks afterwards in some bushes, where the Indians had thrown them after tak- 
infj^ off their scalps ; and he buried them with their bodies ; 

III. Richard'-^, m. Smith of Durham, and lived where Taylor Page of Dover, 

now lives, above Garrison Hill. Their children were, 

(I) Co/. JoAn^, m. 1st., Joanna Shepherd, and had five children; 2d., Polly Winn, 
and had four children ; 3d., Margaret Frost of New Castle, born 3 Dec, 1747, (m, Hon. 

t Joseph Waldron^, m. Tamsen Twambly, dau. of Capt. John, and had Mary*, Jan. 
13, 1773, d. young; Moses*, July 7, 1774, lives in Rochester; Joseph*, April 10, 1776, 
m. Betsey, dau. of Winthrop Watson (son of Col. Dudley Watson, who married 
Christine, the oldest child of Capt. Thomas and Christine Baker) and had nine chil- 
dren ; James*, Aug. 23, 1778, d. 1814, single; Sarah*, M'ch 13, 1781, m. Geo. W. 
Quimby, and now lives a widow at Dover (our informant;) Olive*, and Samuel*, d. 
young; Olive*, 2d. April, 1687, m. James Ham, and lives in Rochester ; Mehitable*, 
July 25, 1789, m. Henry Quiraby and lives in Dover; Mary* 2d, b. M'ch 14, 1796, m. 
John Plummer, had 7 children, and d. 1836. 

Joseph Waldron-^, born May 16, 1744, and d. April 8, 1821. His wife was bom Sept 
18, 1756, d. M'ch 11, 1823. He lived near Oliver S. Home's present farm. 

* It may have been very unfair, so far as the consent of the boy was concerned, but it may also be 
a fact not generally known, that many young children, some doubtless orphans, or whose parents if 
living, were from misfortune or otherwise, not able to provide for them, were charitably taken from 
tho streets and seat to New England. Edizob 

9» 



206 The Otis Genealogy, [April) 

a Revolutionary soldier, who d. Sept., 1827, — EUzahetlv'y d. ai. 2 ; 
Nancy" and Sally^, twins, b. April, 1777, the first m. James Kimball, 
d. Feb., 1849, the second d. of* consumj)tion, a3. 21 ; Daniel^, b. 
March, 1779, m. Sally Watson, and had two sons, and d. April, 
1850, on the farm of his father ; Mehitable^, m. Jonathan Ham, she 
d. 1825, and he m. her sister Susan ; Olis^, 1784, lives unm. in 
Dover ; Samuel^, lives in Haverhill, Mass., m. and has 4 daus. 
all m. ; Gershom^, m. Eleanor Home, d. without issue ; Elizabeth^, 
m. Aaron^ son of Thomas* and grandson of Dudley ^Watson, live in 
Dover ; Siisan^, b. 1795, lives in Dover, the 2d w^ife of Joshua Ham ; 
Thomas^, m. the dau. of Joseph Waldron, Junr,, both now dead. 

(115) II. There was an Alexander Douglass^ bap. Jan. 2, 1757, 
(named for his uncle, Alexander Douglass^J who must have been the 
son of the first wife, as the second wife had her first child, Tamsen, 
by Capt. Twambly, Sept. 18, 175G. He d. in infancy. 

By his second wife he had, 

(116) III. LYDiASb. 12 May, 1759, m. Capt Samuel Wallingford, (son 
of Judge Thomas Wallingford, of Somersworth) June 16, 1775, who 
afterwards served with great distinction as Lt. of the Marines under 
the celebrated John Paul Jones. He aided in the capture British brig 
" George," and was killed on board the ship " E anger," in her suc- 
cessful engagement with the " Drake,"* on the British coast, April 
24, 1778, leaving an infant son, George Washington AV^allingford. 

She was m. a second time, by Rev. Jeremy Belknap, to Col. Amos 
Cogswell of Dover, Nov. 20, 1785, son of Nath. Cogswell of Haver- 
John Wentworth^, Jr., of Dover, July, 1771, and wlio died Jan. 10, 1787,) and died 
30th Sept., 1805 ; 4th., Mary, widow of Rev. Prentisst of Reading, Mass. 

(1) Col. John Waldron^ was a" the Provincial Legislature at Portsmouth in 1774, 
and at the Revolutionary convention at Exeter, in 1775, and a Rep. from Dover in 
1782, 1783, '85, 86, and 1788, in which year he was chosen senator, and held that office 
again in 1790, '91, '92, 1803, '4, '5, and '6. He was chosen Representative again in 
1797, '98, 1801, '2, '3, and 1815. He d. Aug. 31, 1827, aged 87, and of his grand-chil- 
dren is the Hon. Ezekiel Heard of Dover. 

(2) Hannah^ m. Capt. John Hayes of Lebanon, Me., and had 11 ch. 
C3) Betsey'\ m. Capt. Elisha Shapleigh of Kittery, and had 10 children. 

(4) Mary^ m. Capt. Elijah Clements of Somersworth, and had 2 children. 

(5) Joseph"^, h. 16 May, 1744 (O. S.,) m. Tamsen (b. Sept. 18, 1750,) dau. of John 
Twambly [who lived in that part of Dover known as Littleworth, near where Israel 
Ricker now lives] whose mother was the second wife of Col. Otis Baker. They had 
10 children, and among them Mrs. Geo. W. Quimby, now living in Dover, N. H., to 
whom we are indebted for many of the facts in this note. 

(6) Richard'^, m. Betsey, dau. of Job Clements of Dover, which Job was grand- 
father to Charles Clements, now of Dover. They had five children. 

(7) Sai)inel}\ m. Gage. No children. 

(8) James^, m. Betsey Pickering and had one child. 

IV. John^, had John-\ William-', Ephraim\ Bridget'^, and Ebenezer^. 

V. Betsey^, m. Kimball, lived in Farmington, and had children. 

VI. Meiiitable''^, m. James Chcsley*, whose family is the subject of this note. 
They had (1) Tamsin"*, m. 1st., John Twambly, son of John, and 2dly., Col. Otis 
Baker; (2) Hannah'^, m. Rev. Avery Hall, a long time minister in Rochester, N. H., 
and had two children; (3) Ebenezcr'*, d. suddenly unmarried; (4 & 5) James and 
Otis, both died of consumption, unmarried. Mehitable, wife of James Chesley*, d. 
21 Aug't, 1776; and he m., when quite 70 years of age, just six months and 6 days 
before his death (Oct. 10, 1777,) Lydia, dau. of Isaac Home, when she was 22 years 
of age. As administratrix of his estate she made her mark (see Life of Dr. Belknap 
by his grand-daughter, page 163.) 

* The late Dr. Ezra Green, of Dover, N. H., (uncle of James D. Green, late Mayor 
of Cambridge, Mass., m. Adaline, daaghter of Hon. Daniel M. Durell of Dover, N. H., 
and grand-daughter of Hon. John'' Wcntwortli, Jr.,) born at Maiden, Mass., June 17, 
1746 (O.S.,) was surgeon on board the "-Ranger'' at the time of this engagement. 

HCaleb Prenti.ss was tho 7th minister in the First Parish of Reading, now South Reading, ordained 
25 Oct., 1769, d. 7 Feb., 1803. — See FUnt's Bi -Centennial, p. 34. Ediior. 



1851.] The Otis Genealogy. 207 

hill, Mass., who m. Judith Badger, and grandson of John, of Ipswich, Mass., 
whose father was William of Ipswich, son of John, who emigrated to that 
place from London, in 1635, and made freeman, Mch. 3, 1635-6. His 
father Nathaniel, had 19 children, all of whom were baptized in the Con- 
gregational Church of Haverhill, Ms., and of whom, fourteen at least were 
sons, and he gave eight sons to his country during the Revolution, who 
performed in the aggregate, over thirty-eight years of service.* They all 
survived and were, Hon. Thomas, of Gilmanton ; Hon. Amos, of Dover ; 
Capt. Nathaniel P., of Atkinson ; Moses, of Canterbury ; Dr. William, of 
Atkinson ; John, of Landaff ; Dr. Joseph, of Tamworth ; and Ebenezer, of 
Wiscassett ; Amos enlisted in a regiment commanded by Col. Samuel Ger- 
rish, organized 22 June, 1775, and was Ensign in a company commanded 
by his brother Thomas, [see Democratic Review, for April, ] 849, pages 365 
and 366.] He continued in the service of his country, until the close of the 
War, and June 9, 1783, on the banks of the Hudson River, he, as Capt., 
with his brother Thomas, as Major, and an unknown relative, by the name 
of Samuel Cogswell, as Lieutenant, assisted in the formation, among the 
Massachusetts troops, of the Society of Cincinnati. He represented Dover 
in the Legislature, in 1807, 8, 9 and 10, 1812, 1814, 1815, and was Sena- 
tor in 1818, 19, and 20. He was Presidential Elector, in 1816. Col. Amos 
Cogswell, was born at Haverhill, Mass., Oct 2, 1752, and d. at Dover, Jan. 
28, 1826. She died at the house of her daughter Lydia, (who married Hon. 
Paul Wentworth,« of Sandwich, N. H.,) 14 Feb., 1828. The N. H., Leg- 
islature, Jan. 17, 1787, " Voted, ihai Lydia Wallingford, alias Cogswell, be 
allowed half pay, as the widow of officers who d. in the land service, pro- 
vided it can be ascertained that Cono;ress will admit the same as a charge 
against the United States.'* 



^^WX 



^y^^>^i^^^-4^ 



By her first husband, Capt. Samuel Wallingford,! she had, 

* See Gen. Reg., Vol. 4, page 291, and Hist, of Atkinson, N. II., in Vol. 6, N. H. 
Hist. Collections. 

t Col. Thomas Wallingford was a merchant at Somersworth, and was among the 
wealthiest men in the Province of New Hampshire, [see Annals of Portsmouth] said 
to have been born at Bradford, Mass., and to have been a son of John Wallingford, 
of Dover, in 1687. He was the Representative from Dover a great many years, com- 
mencing with 1739. He was one of the Judges of the Superior Court, from 1748, to the 
day of his death, which was whilst on a visit to Portsmouth, 4 Aug., 1771, aged 74 

years. His first wife was, probably, Margaret Clements. His second wife was 

Pray. His third wife was Elizabeth Swett, of York, Me., (who had previously married 
Dr. Mark Prime, and had Joseph and Olive) by Avhom he had only Samuel, born " on 
Wednesday, Feb'y ye 4th, 1755," and Olive, youngest child, wife of John Cushing of 
South Berwick, and who is now living. His widow Elizabeth, died at Berwick, Dec. 
3, 1810, JE 93. His estate was divided among thirteen children or their heirs, 8 Dec, 
1779, viz: 1. Moses Dow, of New Durham, for his wife ; 2. Thomas, oldest son, and whose 
inventory was returned Nov. 8, 1792, (whose dau. Abigail, m. Dr. Kittredge, of 

Dover ;) 3. Hannah, m. Brown ; 4. Margaret, m. Goodwin, of Berwick ; 5. 

Rachel, m. Silas Nowell ; 6. Mary, m. William Pearne ; 7. Col. John Wentworth'^, of 
Somersworth, for his third wife (who was Elizabeth, widow of Capt. Amos Cole, of 
Dover, having by her first husband, Mary, 22 Aug., 1756, Ambrose, 27 Jan., 1758, Eliz- 
abeth, 4 June, 1760, and Amos, 1 April, 1762 ; she m. Col. W., 1 June, 1768, and d. II 
July, 1776, aj. 40, leaving Abra Wentworth^ b. 14 April, 1769, m. 1st, William Pitt 
Moulton, and 2d, John S. Durell, and d. July, 1846, without issue, and Capt. Samuel 
Wentworth^, b. 21 Sept., 1770, m. the widow of Capt. Samuel Gerrish, of Dover, [who 
was Sally Brewster, of Portsmouth] and d. Oct. 1826, with no descendants now living;) 



208 The Otis Genealogy, [April, 

I. George W, Wallmgfordo, b. 19 Feb., 1776. Grad. H. C, 1795, a Law- 
yer at Kennebunk, Me., d. 20 Jan., 1824, m. 1st, Abigail Chadbourne of 
Berwick, Me., daugliter of Jonathan Chadbourne who married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Judge Ichabod and Abigail* Wentworth Rollings) and had 
Elizabeth* m. Dr. Samuel Dow, of Dover, both d. childless ; 2d, Mary 
Fisher, of Kennebunk, and had Lucretia^, m. Francis M. Sabine, of Ban- 
gor ; George W^, now of Kennebunk ; Olive* ; Sophia* ; Helen*. 

By her second husband, Col. Amos Cogswell, she had, 

II. Sophia,^ b. 20 July, 1786, m. 28 Oct., 1804, Jacob M. Currier, of 
Dover, 2d wife. He was b. 15 March, 1771, m. 1st, Sally Chase, 13 
Sept., 1796. (She was b. 24 Sept., 1773, d. 30 Nov., 1803, learing John, 
b. 11 July, 1798, m. Nancy Pierce, 23 June, 1828, resides Dover ; Thomas 
b. 28 May, 1801, and lives single at Conway, N. H.,) and 2d, he m. Sophia 
Cogswell* as above, and d. 30 March, 1837. She d. 18 Sept., 1817, leav- 
ing Elizabeth^, b. 7 Oct., 1805, m. Joseph G. Moody, (then of Augusta, 
now of Boston,) Nov. 1826, and d. 15 July, 1833, leaving one daughter' ; 
Sophia^^ b. 10 April, 1807, and d. in Dover, unm., 19 Oct., 1835 ; Sarah 
Chased b. 18 Nov., 1808, m. 8 May, 1832, Joseph B. Upham, of Ports- 
mouth, son of Hon. Nathaniel Upham, of Rochester, had one son, [see 
Gen. Reg. of 1847, pages 43, and 365 ;] Jacob Francis^ b. 2 Oct., 1810, 
d. 6 Feb., 1811 ; Harriet Amanda^, b. 30 Nov., 1811, m. John Morris, of 
New York, 27 Dec, 1836, and d. at Wollborough, N. H., 9 Oct., 1844, 
leaving two dau's. at that place; Jacob J/.* b. 11 Feb., 1814, m. in 1844, 
Emily Johnson, and d. in Florida, 20 Oct., 1847, leaving one son ; Mary 
Frances^, b. 14 June, 1815, d. 14 June, 1822. 

III. Elizabeth-, b. 8 June, 1788, and d. 18 Nov., 1804. 

IV. Francis^ b. 16 April, 1790, m. Elizabeth Smith (b. 20 May, 1794) 
widow of John Tibbetts, of Dover, and now lives at Bo§cawen. They had 
Sophia*, m. S. W. Brown, now of Hebron, Ills., Amos*, an Attorney at 
Law, Hebron, George W*., of Hebron, Lydia B*., b. 7 March, 1832, 
Annette F*., 5 June, 1834, Joseph S*., 29 Oct., 1836. 

V. Abigail', b. 29 Oct., 1791, m. Doct. Burleigh Smart, of Kennebunk, 
and there d. 21 June, 1827, leaving Washington Irving*, and Martha*, both 
unmarried. 

VI. Lydia\ b. 30 May, 1793, m. Hon. Paul Wentworth*, then of Sand- 
wich, now of Concord, N. H., 30 March, 1814. He was the youngest ot 
seven children, for many years a member of the N. H. Legislature, from 
Sandwich, N. H. His father, Hon. John Wentworth^, jr., was a distin- 
guished lawyer of Dover, H. C, 1768 ; member of Congress, 1778, and a 
leading man of his State and times. Paul and Lydia Wentworth have 

8. Heirs of Abigail, m. Edward Sanders ; 9. Olive, m. John Gushing of South Berwick, 
who now lives with her daughter who married H. H. Hobbs, Esq. ; 10. Lydia, ni. 
Samuel Lord, drowned May 17, 1773, aged 38 ; and afterwards John Costello, a 
dancing master, who hung himself 11. Heirs of ^imueL m. Lydia Baker*, dan. of Col. 
Otis Baker*. 12. Ebenezer^m. Mary Wentworth*. 13. Heirs of Mark. Of the births of 
the above, the records give only the followin<r, and they are fjivcn as of the wife Marga- 
ret : we have only Hannah, b. 5 May, 1720 ; Judith, 25 March, 1722 ; Ebenezer, 21 July, 
1724 ; Abi{;ail, 30 Sept., 1726. Ebenezer Wallingford, (12) of Somersworth, m.in May, 
1749, Mary Wentworth'^, b. at Somersworth, 29 July, 1725, about 6 weeks after her 
father, Capt. Benjamin*, (m. Elizabeth Lciphton, of Kittery) son of Ezekiel'^, died. 
Ebenezer, d. May, 1775, and his widow d. 10 Dec, 1815, and her mother, (the widow 
of Capt. Benj. Wentworth'^,) d. at her house, the last week in Oct., 1779. Their chil- 
dren were Thomas, b. 17 Sept., 1755, and d. single, 17 Sept., 1772, childless, and 
Amos, known in his days as "Master Wallingford," b. 6 March, 1762, and d. 10 Jan., 
1837, m. Phebe Brewster, 28 Nov., 1785, who d. 20 Oct., 1837. The children of Amos 
and Phcbc, arc Polly, b. 20 Sept., 1786; Betsey, 9 Oct., 1789, m. Nathaniel G. Pike, 
Town Glerk of Rollinsford, and <j:randson of Rev.,Tames, of Somersworth, and who have 
John G., M.D., graduate of Bowdoin ; Amos, a celebrated Preceptor ; and Martha. 






1851.] The Otis Genealogy, 209 

had nine children, six yet living, one of whom is the Hon. John 
Wentworth, M. C., from Chicago, Ills., Dart. CoU. 1836, and m. 
Marie, dau. of Riley Loomis, of Troy, N. Y., 13 Nov., 1844, and 
another. Col. Joseph Wentworth, of Sandwich, N. H., present Sheriff 
of Carroll Co., and m. Sarah Payson, daughter of Moses Jones, of 
Brookline, Mass., May 7, 1845, (See Wentworth Gen. Vol. iv. Reg.) 

(117) IV. Ebenezer BAKER^ (son of Coh Otis B.,) b. 22 Dec., 1760, 
m. Mary Conner, (born 4 Nov., 1769) dau. of John C. She is now liv- 
ing with her son, Samuel Wallingford Baker^ in N. Y. city, in the 
82d year of her age, the only survivor of the fourth generation of this 
Baker family. He d. at Dover, on the old Homestead, 2d June, 1834. 
Their children were, 

I. Mehitable% b. 7 April, 1793, m. 4 Jan., 1816, Asa Swazey, of 
Dover. She d. 25 Sept. 1835. He was b. 9 Feb'y, 1794, d. 31 
Aug., 1825. They had Mary B''., b. 9 July, 1816, d. 1818 ; Edward 
R^, b. 7 Aug., 1818, m. Charlotte Betts, s. in Troy, N. Y. ; George^ 
b. 10 Feb'y, 1820, m. Julia Bushnell ; James G^., 26 Oct. 1822, m. 
Sophia Blake ; Mary^ b. 1823, d. 1824. 

II. Sharringfon^, b. 28 Feb'y 1795, m. Mary Ann Varney, 12 Dec, 
1821. She was b. 30 Nov. 1799, and d. 29 June, 1846. He is one 
of the selectmen at Dover, N. H., and has Samuel W^., b. 9 May, 
1823 ; Mary«, b. 18 Aug., 1826 ; John C«., b. 5 Nov., 1828 ; Asa«, b. 
21 April, 1831; Mehitable^ b. 20 Mcli, 1833; George E% b. 22 
Oct., 1837 ; Ebenezer^, b. 17 May, 1841. 

III. Mary^, b. 10 Aug., 1798, d. young. 

IV. Samuel Wallingford^, b. 17 March, 1800, m. Desdemona 
Cushman, of Montpelier, Vt., and resides in N. Y., a merchant. 
Capt. Baker and his wife have had children, William Spoffard^, b. 22 
Dec, 1823, m. Mary Thompson, of N. Y. ; Sharrington^, d. young ; 
Sharrington^ 2d, b. 22 June, 1831. V. Thomas^, d. young. 

(118) V. John Baker^ (son of Col. Otis Baker,) born 12 Dec, 1762, m. 
the widow of his brother Otis"^ ; both d. in Rochester, N. H., and left 
Sophia^, m. Allen. 

(119) VI. Mehitable Baker^ b. 21 April, 1765, m. Capt. Wm. Twomb- 
ly, a Revolutionary soldier ; they had James^ William^, Charles^, 
Thomas^ Christine^ After her death he m. 22 July, 1807, Lydia 
Horne^, (b. 11 Jan., 1773) dau. of Ichabod, who m. Sarah"*, dau. of 
Col. Otis Baker^ She still lives a widow in Dover. He d. Sept., 1827. 

(120) VII. Otis BAKER^ b. 3 Aug., 1766, m. Lois Twambly. He d. at 
Rochester, and she afterwards m. his oldest brother .Jolm^. They had 
Lydia-^, m. Timothy Hanson, of Rochester ; Tamson^, m. Wm. Heard, 

of Rochester, both deceased ; John^, m. his cousin, Twambly, of 

R., and has a family of children. 

(121) VIII. James Chesley Baker*, b. 15 April, 1768, m. Sally, 
dau. of Nathaniel and Mary (Libbey) Home. He d. 7 June, 1810, 
and she died about 1835. They had Mary^ b. 26 May, 1797, m. John 
H Wheeler, of Dover, who was b. 29 Aug., 1800, and is a druggist, 
as his father, John, was before him, and iheir children are John B^., 
Sarah E^, James Henry^. Their only son and only other cliild was 
Thomas^ b. 30 July, 1801, d. Oct., 1802. 

(122) IX. Thomas Baker% b. 21 Jan'y, 1770, grad. H. C, 1795, studied 
medicine, but never practiced on account of ill health. He died unm. 
20 April, 1803. 

Joshua Otis*, (49 — I.) m. Jane Ilussey, of Dover, about 1745, 
and in 1752, removed to that part of Barrington, N. H., now called 



210 The Otis Genealogy. [April, 

Strafford, where he purcliased land, 1 May, 1752, of William King- 
man, " adjoining Rochester, and of land that James Shute settled and 
lives on." He signed the pledge to support the Revolution, 1776,* 
as did most of his brothers and sons, many of them serving the cause 
in active service. He d. 1810, and his wife d. 1790, both at B. 
Children, 

(123) I. Nicholas^, (V.) b. 29 March, 1746, m. Esther Beny, of Bar- 
rington, dau. of Nathaniel Beny. 

(124) n. MiCAJAH^ (244) b. 21 May, 1747, m. Sarah, dau. of Joshua 
Foss, of Barrington, (formerly of Rye) 1769. 

(125) III. Elijahs, (250) b. 10 June, 1749, m. Dorothy Locke, 19 July, 
1771, she was the dau. of Jethro Locke, of Rochester. 

(126) IV. Mary*, m. Elder Winthrop YouniT-, removed to Canterbury 
he d. 8 Jan., 1833, she d. 11 April, 1849,"^ 98, and they had Ben- 
jamin*, b. 1779, m. and settled in Vt., Otis*, b. 1781, Jonathan^ b. 

1785, Ayinthrop^ b. 1783, Deborah®, 1777, m. John Bean, of Gil- 
manton, N. H., now a widow, Elizabeth^ b. 1787, Mary**, b. 1789, m. 
Elder Samuel Hill; Hannah*, b. 1791 ; Mercy", b. 1793. 

(127) V. Sarah*, b. 18 May, 1751, m. John B. Parshley, s. in Barnstead, 
had a large family. He d. 3 April, 1829, M 82 ; she d. 6 July, 1825. 

(128) VL STEPHEN^ (264) b. 24 June, 1761, m. Hannah, dau. of Solomon 
Emerson, of Madbury, 30 Nov., 1786, s. at Barrington. 

(129) VII. Paul^ b. 4 March, 1755, m. Elizabeth Parshley. "The his- 
tory of his services in the Revolutionary War, as he gave it to me 
was as follows : He enlisted under Capt. Ballard, at Amesbury, Mass., 
the next week after the battle of Bunker Hill, for eight months. In 
1777, he enlisted for three years under Capt. Drew, went to Ticon- 
deroga, and then to Fort Ann, and was with the army in their retreat 
before Burgoyne to the Mohawk ; was in the battle at Fort George, 
at Bemis Heights, and one in the " Genesee country," with the In- 
dians. He was under Col. Hale, until the retreat from Ticonderoga. 
Then under Col. George Reid, by whom he was led into the battle of 
Monmouth. When in the Genesee country, he said that Capt. Cher- 
ry and he stood behind a white oak tree ; he loaded his gun and put 
out his head to see and there came a ball between his head and the 
tree, tearing off the bark of the tree. This was the nearest that any 
ball came to him. This is surprising considering the number of bat- 
tles he was engaged in, some thirteen in all. At the time of the retreat 
he went with a scouting party and found a small body of British hid 
in a cornfield. They crawled on their hands and knees and got just 
upon them ; one clubbed his gun and surrendered and the rest ran. 
Mr. Otis said he discovered them first and resolved ' to have his man 
and got him.' He s. in Gilmanton, 1812, obtained a pension 1818, 
and d. at the house of his son-in-law, E. F. Oilman, at Gilmanton, 
17 July, 1848, JE 93 and 4 mo. His wife at the time of her death, 
(8 Nov., 1837, M 84,) of ten children, had six living, forty-six grand- 
children and fifteen great grand children. Their children were, I. 
Sarah^, b. 1781, m. Jeremiah Kenniston, of Northwood, and had Gil- 
man', SamueF, Mark', Betsey', Elsey', Sarah', Mary', and 2 others d. 
young. II. Phebe'' b. 1783, m. Peter Blaisdell, of Pittsfield. IIL 
SamiieP, b. 13 Jan., 1785, m. Jane Allen, of Gilmanton, where he d. 
16 Aug., 1816; his widow is now living; children, Charlotte', b. 9. 
Dec, 1806, Serena G'., 31 Dec, 1808-, m. Samuel S. Dow, Nashua, 

* Vol. v., Americnn Archives, published by order of Congress. 



I 

i 

I 



1851.] The Otis G-enealogy, 211 

1 ch., Nancy S^., 24 Nov., 1810, m. Ira H. Pennock, 1 dau., Samuel 
S'., 28 Jan., 1813, d. young, Mary S^, 28 Oct., 1816, Sarah A^., 24 
Dec, 1818, m. Wm. Henry Oilman, 2 cli. IV. Olive\ b. 1786, 
m. Joseph Bunker, of Barnstead, 9 ch., and she d. 1830. V. Paul^, 
b. 1787, unmarried, went to Canada. VI. Damel\h. 1788, m. Ly- 
dia Allen, went into the army 1812 and d. at Burlington, Vt., and had 
ch. b. at Barrington, Mary^ Louisa"^, m. Augusta Durant, of Boston. 
John". VII. Betsei/\ b. 1790, m. Eliphalet F. Oilman, of O., she 
d. 26 Nov., 1831, and left Mary Dane^ m. John L. Coffin, of Con- 
cord, and had 2 ch., Fanny Larcom'', m. John S. Osburn, of London, 
N. H., 1 ch. VIII. Susan^, b. 1 Mar., 1792, m. Benjaraan Pearl, 
of Porterfield, Me., 7 ch. IX. Hannah^, b. 4 June, 1794, unm., at 
O. X. John^, m. Phebe Lougee, Oilmanton, and has one son 
Orrin^" [Ms. letter of Daniel Lancaster, author of History of Oil- 
manton, 8 vo., 300 pp.] 

(130) VIIL JosHUA^(275) b. 30 March, 1764, m. Lydia INIeader, 15 March 
1787, ands. in Peacham, Vt., she is now living at Parishville, N. Y. 

(131) IX. Jane°, m. Moses Meader, Jr., of Durham, 9 July, 1777, re- 
moved to Alton, and are now both dead. 

(132) X. Rebecca^ m. Wilkinson, of Alton, where they bothd.* 

Stephen Otis'*, (50 — II.) Avent from Dover and settled in Bar- 
rington with his brother Joshua, where he m. Molly Elwell. He d. 
13 March, 1817, a) 86, and she d. 13 Aug., 1818. Children, 

(133) I. John5^ b. 16 March, 1759, m. Hannah Fecker, at B. He was 
an ensign, was in the Revolutionary war, received a Pension, re- 
moved to Swanton, Vt., and there died. He had Stephen^, s. in Vt. ; 
John^, m. Mrs. Hayes, both d. in Barrington ; Joshua^, settled in Vt.; 
3Iercy\ m. John Hill, of Strafford ; Mary\ m. David Hill, 4 July, 
1802, both deceased ; Susannah^, m. James Howard ; Behecca^ ; 
Hannah^ ^ m. Moses Hayes, 16 June, 1814. 

(134) II. Hezekiah% b. 2 May, 1765, m. Abigail Pearl, of Barrington, 
and removed to Fairfield, Somerset Co., Me., where he now lives. 
He has had Bemjamin^^ b. 1784, m. Rose Hussey, 1809, lives in Oar- 
land, Me., and has had Benjamin'^, Reuben H."^, Oeorge W."^, m. Rachel 
Rogers, Joel W\, m. Frances Kooler, s. in Levant, Me., Benjamin P"^, 
and 6 daus., all m. and have ch. ; Thomas^^ b. 1788, m. Wealthy Trask, 
by whom he had, in Kingfield, Me., Benjamin T^ b. 1810, Hiram"^, 
b. 1814, s. at Freeman, Me., Thomas P''. ; Isaac B"^, and two daughters; 

William^ b. 1798, m. Mary Varney, 1822, and lives at Stetson, Me., 
with 14 children, — of whom Benjamin^ b. 1823, William', b. 1824, 
Elihu^ b. 1829. Oeorge A^, PearF, Solomon"^, and daus. Christine', 
and 6 others ; John\ (a twin of William) m. Mary Stephens, 1821, 
settled at Fairfield, Me., where were born to them John P'., 1825; 
Benjamin F', Thomas P'., William', Hezekiah', and 4 daughters ; 
Abrnham W\ b. 1800, m. Lydia Hussey, 1824, s. in Fairfield, Me., 
and has Hezekiah', Eben H'., Walden',Ivery', Abraham', and Olive' ; 
Hezi'kiah^^ b. 1807, m. Lydia Jewell. 1825, lives at Athens, Me., and 
William', Sewell', Henry', John', and 6 daughters; Stephen^, b. 1808, 
m. Isaliel Huff, 1832, s. in Norridgewock, Me., and has Olive', Pearl', 
Josiah', Stephen S', and 4 dans.; RacheV', m. Samuel Berry, of Strafford, 
N. H. ; Abigail^, m. Daniel Canney, of Farmington ; Mary\ Bliza\ 
(135) III. Thomas^, b. 2 June, 17G7, m. Deborah Meader, lived in Wis- 
cassett, and d. in Bath, Me., 1^25, leaving Richard^, and 2 dau. 

* "Reborca Oti;*, of Barrington, and Aaron Whitehouse, of Rochester, m. 17 Nov., 
1785." Who was she? 



212 The Otis Genealogy. [April, 

(13G) IV. ElayellS b. 12 April, 1773, m. Sally Evans, 1798, now liv- 
ing at Rochester, N. Y.,) s. in Waterville, Me., and was killed by the 
fall of a tree in 1811. He had sons, Ira^, who d. of Cholera in N. Y., 
1832 ; William®, and Stephen^, both of whom reside at Rochester, 
N. Y. ; and four daughters, who married, and have families. 

(137) V. Benjamins, b. 17 March, 1780, m. Lydia Hossom, at AYater- 
ville, Me., and d. in the war of 1812, leaving no children. 

(138) VI. Sarah^, m. Jonathan Scruton, 20 July, 1788, both now dec'd. 

(139) VII. Content^, m. Joseph Holmes, 10 Dec, 1784, and has chil. 

(140) VIII. Hannah^, m. Isaac Willey, i)oth dec'd, leaving children. 

(141) IX. Rebecca^, m. Samuel Gray, and both d. in Farmington, N.H. 

Stephen Varney*, (57 — III.) m. Mercy, dau. of Tobias Hanson, 
by his second wife, Ann Lord. She was b. 1699- 6-4, and died 
1790,11-4. Hed. 1771,-3-21. Children, 

(142) I. Stephen^, b. 1723,-7-13, m. Deliverance, dau. of Nathaniel and 
Abigail (Giles) Lamos, (he d. 1787,- 3 -30) and \i'<idi Hannuh^h, 
1752 ; Stephen^^ 1754 ; Mercy^ 1756, m. Jonathan Jenkins; Joshua^, 
1758; Elizabeth^ 1761, m. Jabez Jenkins; Ephraim®, 1763; Eu- 
nice^ 1765, m. James Roberts ; AbigaiP, 1768, m. John Jenkins, Jr.; 
Sarah'^, 1771, m. Moses Hanson, Jr. ; Nathaniel*^, 1776 ; Deliverance®, 
1778, m. John Meader. 

(143) 11. Nathaniel^ b. 1725-3-31, m. Abigail, dau. of Thomas and 
Mary (Bracket) Tuttle. He d. 1808, and she d. 1793. Children b. 
in Dover, Nathan®, 1764, d. 1780 ; Judith®, 1766, m. Cyrus Beede ; 
Hope®, 1768, m. Ebenezer Jenkins; Reuben®, 1771, m. Elizabeth 
Jenkins ; Kezia®, 1774 ; Abigail®, 1780, m. Jesse Kimball. 

(144) III. DANiEL^b. 1726-11-28, m. Martha, dau. of James and Sa- 
rah (Leyton) Clark. He d. 1802, and she d. 1819 ; children at 
Dover, Daniel®, 1766, m. Susanna Hanson; James®; Sarah®; Deliv- 
erance® ; Aaron^ ; Mercy®. 

(145) IV. Aaron^ b. 1728-6-15, d. unm. 

(146) V. MERCY^ b. 1730-3-15, m. Jonathan Dame, and d. 1810. 

(147) VI. JuDITH^ b. 1731-11-14, m. Enoch Hoag, 1757, and d. 1816. 
He d. 1817,-4-26, children at Dover, (some of their descendants are 
believed to be the Hoags of Sandwich, N. H.,) Mary®, m. Isaiah 
Gould ; Enoch®, m. Keziah Lamos ; Stephen®, m. Martha Beede ; 
Mercy®, m. Ebenezer Pinkham ; Harriet®, Ann®, John®, Moses®, 
Lydia*^, Joshua®, John®. 

(148) VIL MosES^ b. 1 734-9-1 Ojjtn;_M|^_Estes, 1761, dau. of Stephen 
and Mary __( Robinson) Estes."' Children, Samuel®, 1762, d. 1782; 
Richard®, 1763, m. Mary Beede; Ruth®, m. James Wiggins ; Joshua®, 
1767 ; Anne®, 17G9 ; Joseph'% 1771, m. Hannah Bassett; Mary, Ju- 
dith*', Sarah®, m. Paul Varney. 

(149) VIIL Joshuas, b. 1737-2-7, m. Anna Roberts. 1768, dau. of Moses 
and Elizabeth (Whitchouse) Roberts. He d. 1823, children at Dover, 
Moses®, 1770, d. 1788 ; Mary®, 1772, m. James Lamos ; Christophei-^, 
1774; Jedediah®, 1776; Isaiah', 1778; Iluldah®, 1780; Jesse®, 
1782 ; Ezra«, 1786; Hannah', 1787, Moses®, 1790; Eliza®. 

(150) IX. ToBIAS^b. 1738-H-10,m. Eunice Cartland, and had PelntialA 
1773, Jonathan®, 1775, Tobias®, Lydia®, Charles®, m. Hannah Dame, 
Jonathan®; Lydia®, m. Otis Meader. 

(151) X. JosEPH^ b. 1740-8-7, m. Bathsheba, dan. of Thomas and 
iMary (P,rackett) Tntlle (b. 1741, d. 1821) he d. 1780, and had Levi®, 
1772 ; Tahitha®, Enoch®. 

Abigail Vaiinev*, (58 — IV) m. William, son of William and 



1851.] The Otis G-enealogy. 213 

Hannah Frje, 1724, he was born 1G04, she d. 17GG, children born at 
Kittery, Me., 

(152) I. Mary^ b. 1725-5-25, d. 1730-9-16. 

(153) II. MAUTHA^ b. 172G-0-5, m. 1751, Muzzey Gould, removed to 
Salem, d. 17G5, and had Elihu*^ ; Isaiah*', m. Mary Iloag ; Stephen^, 

(154) III. Ebenezer', b. 1728, d. 1728. 

(155) IV. HANNAH^ b. 1729-10-G, m. 1751, Elijah Jenkins, d. 1754-3-4. 

(156) V. JoiiN^, b. 1731, '2-11-12, d. at Salem, 1765, unmarried. 

(157) VI. EBENEZER^ b. 1734-6-30, m. (1.) 17G0, Mary, dau. of Joshua 
'^ and Eliz'h (Estes) Buffum. She d. 17G4, leaving two ch. He m. 

(2.) Mary Hussey. "^ 

(158) VII. Mary% b. 1737-8. 

(159) VIII. ABIGAIL^ b. 1741-1-26, m. at Kittery, Joseph Meader, 1767. 

Ebenezer Varney\ (60— VI) m. 1729-30, Elizabeth, dau. of 
John and Elizabeth Hanson. She was dau. of Eliz. Hanson, the 
account of whose captivity is in Belknap's History,* b. 1710, d. 1759. 
Children, 

(160) I. Abigail^ m. James Hanson, 1756-11-24. 

(161) II. Jedediah5, b. 1732, m. Mary Hanson, d. 1799. 

(162) III. EBENEzER^ m. Mary Hussey, d. 1802, and had ch. b. in Ro- 
chester, Caleb^, 1756, m. Iluldah Hussey, Benjamin'', 1759 ; Eben- 
ezer^; Elizabeth^ 

(163) IV. Thomas^ m. Sarah, dau. of Samuel and Mary Varney. She 
d. 1772, and had Jeremiah*^, b. 1766, d. 1809, Mary^, m. Hanson 
Evans. 

(164) V. NICHOLAS^ s. in Falmouth, Me., 1764. 

(165) VI. Susannah^ b. 1744-5-20, m. Benj. Austin, Jr., 1759, s. at 
Falmouth. 

(166) VII. JOHN^, m. 1782, Miriam, dau. of Thomas and Hannah (Saw- 
yer) Hanson. He d. 1790, and she d, 1815, 2 children. 

(167) VIII. HANSON^ m. Elizabeth, dau. of Elijah and Mehitable (Wey- 
mouth) .Jenkins, ch. at Dover, Ebenezer', 1779, Mehitable'', Mary'^, 
Elijah^, Sarah«. 

(168) IX. IsAAC%b. 1752, m. Lydia Rogers, 1781. He d. 1826, and 
had at Dover, William^^ Aaron'^, Mehitable*^', Timothy^ Mary*^. 

(169) X. Hannah^ b. 1754, d. 

I Nathaniel VARXEY^ (61 — VII) who m. Content Gaskill at 

Salem, 1727. She d. 1776-6-9, children, 

(170) I. Patience^, b. 1728-6-15, m. Rogers, s. at Hampton. 

(171) II. LydiaS b. 1729-12-20, m. Isaac Rogers, 1751-6-28, and had 
PauP, Levi*^, Hannah'', NathanieF, Thomas^ Sarah'', Lydia'', Mar- 
garet^. 

(172) III. OTIs^ d. young. 

(173) IV. HEZEKiAH5,b. 1733-10-28, m. Hannah Rogers, 1757, and had 
ch. b. in Berwick, Me., Jonathan^, 1759, m. Dorcas Allen, Isaac^, Sam- 
ueP, Abel^ Lydia®, Nath'P, Hannah^ Hezekiah®, Aaron^ Sarah^ Pa- 
tience^ Aaron®. 

(174) V. David^ d. . VL (175) Margaret^ 

(176) VIL Nathaniel^, m. Mary Southwick, at Salem, 1761. 

* The principal facts, only, are given bv Dr. Belknap. A full and authentic 
narrative of her captivity was printed in I^anvers, in 1780. and was reprinted at 
Dover, in 1824, and again reprinted at "Boston, Antiquarian book store, 56 
Cornhill, 1839." This last edition wa^ stereotyped, and with above thirty other 
similar narratives was published in a duodeccmo volume of 360 pages, entitled 
"Indian Captivities." — Editob. 
10 



214 The Otis Genealogy, [April, 

(177) VIII. Otis^ (178) IX. Silas^ m. ; (170) X. David^ 

(180) XI. BETIIIA^ m. (1) Daniel Hussey, who d. 1785,8 ch. b. in Som- 
ers worth. (2clly) Jacob Tabor at Vassalboro', Me. 

Thomas Vakney*, ^02 — VIII) by his wife Dorothy Martin, had, 

(181) I. Elizabeth*, b. 1729-30. (182) 11. ZACCHEus^ b. 1731, d. 
(183) III. EzEKiEL^ b. 1733, d. young. (184) IV. THOMAs^ b. 1735, 

d. young. 

(185) V. EzEKiEL^ b. 1736-9-26, m. Susanna Hanson, 1761. 

(186) VI. ZACC^EUS^b. 1738,d. unm. 

(187) VII. MAIly^ b. 1740. 

(188) VIII. Martha^ b. 1742-3-11-16, m., 1762, Elizabeth Hanson. 

(189) IX. THOMAS^ b. 1744, '5-12-3, m. Huldah Hanson, 1769, and 
had Oliver^ b. 1770, Xicholas*"^, Sarah^ James*, Silas^ Samuel^ Abi- 
gail^, Isaac^ 

(190) X. Sarahs, b. 1746. 

(191) XL HuLDAH% m. Benjamin Winslow of Falmonth. 

Judith Varney4, (63— IX) m. Tobias Hanson, 1726 (b. 1702) 
and had, 

(192) I. Anne^, m. 1763, Joseph Cartland, and had, b. at Lee, Sarah^, 
Tobias®, 1766, Hannah^, Jonathan®, 1769, m. Elizabeth Austin, 
Lydia®, John®. 

(193). IL Mary^ Jedediah Varney, he d. 1799, she d. 1798. 

(194) III. Elizabeth^ m. Ruben Tuttle, 1762, and d. at Falmouth. 

(195) IV. Aaron^, m. Abigail Caldwell, 1772, d. 1825, no ch. 

(196) V. PatiexNCes, b. 1743, m. Benjamin Meader, (b. 1736, d. 1827,) 
she d. 1825, and had Hannah®, 1763, m. David Roberts ; Mary®, 1765, 
m. Paul Bunker, a blacksmith, removed to Sandwich, N. H., where 
both d., leaving Huldah"^ and Patience"^ ; Tobias®, 1767, Micajah®, 
Hanson®, Judith®, Stephen®, m. Sarah Whitehouse, Ephraim®, 1785, 
removed to Sandwich. 

(197) VL MosES^ b. 1744-12-3, m. Mary Hanson. 

(198) VII. Mercy^, m, Benjamin Connor. 

Samuel Varney*, (64 — X.) m., 1736, Mar}^, dan. of Joseph and 
Abigail (Robinson) Varney, which Joseph was son of Peter, and gr.- 
son of Humphrey V. He d. 1759, and she d. 1763, children, 

(199) L SoLOMON^ b. 1737, m. Lydia, dau. of Moses and Phebe (Tut- 
tle) Varney, 1760, no children. 

(200) II. Sarah^ b. 1739, m. Thomas Varney^ (163) 2 ch. 

(201) III. Timothy^ b. 1742, m. Abigail Hussey, and had Hannah*^, 
1765, Samuel®, Huldah®, Mercy®, Timothy®, Abigail®. 

(202) IV. SAMUEL^ b. 1743, d. 1767. 

(203) V. Simeon^, b. 1745, d. 1761. 

(204) VL Amos% b. 1748, m. Mary Dame, 1772, and had at Dover, 
Miles®, 1775, Festus®, Achsah®, * Othniel®, Rlioda®, m. Levi Hayes, 
Molly®, Amasa^ m. Comfort Hill, George®, m. Betsey Varney. 

(205) VII. SHUBAEL^b. 1751-9-1, m. Sarah Cloutman, 1779, ch. at 

Dover, Solomon®, 1780, Elias®, John®, Mary®, Nathan®, Mercy®, 

Benaiah®, 

(206) VIIL MARY^ b. 1755, d. 1775. 

(207) IX. JosErH\ b. 1757-11-16, m. Sarah, dau. of the late Hon. 
Daniel Beede,* who was b. at Kingston, X. II. , 21 July, 1729. 

* He moved to Sandwich, N. H., 17G7, amonf^ its first settlers, which town was 
not incorporated until 25 Oct., 1768. lie first settled upon the farm many years 
occupied hy Paul Wentworth, Esq., of Concord, (and built the present'house) 
and now by his son, Col. Joseph Wentworth, Shcritl' of Carrol Co. He lived, d. 



1851.] The Otis Genealogy, 215 

They both died at Sandwich. Children, b. at Dover, Eli^, b. 178G, 
m. Charlotte Varney, Noah^, who now lives upon the old homestead 
inherited by his mother from her father, adjoining the farm owned by 
Paul Went worth ; Noah'', Cyrus^, Simeon^, DanieP, Beede^ 

Martha Varney^ {^^ — XI) m., 1734, John, son of John and 
grandson of Ralph Twombly, b. 1712, ch. 

(208) I. Anne^, b. 1740-3-10, m. Zaccheus Purinton ; she d. 1799, 
and had at Dover, Micajah^ b. 1761, m. Mary Austin, Sarah^ 1763, 
m. Saml. Varney, DanieP, 1765, John*', 1767, m. Phebe Beede, 
James^ 1769, Lydia^ Zaccheus^ Anna^ Peace^ This John Purin- 
ton'', m. Phebe, d. of Hon. Daniel Beede ; moved to Sandwich, N. 
H. ; was a hatter there, and died April 24, 1813, and was buried in 
the Wentworth farm burying ground. He had two children, a daugh- 
ter^, married a General Montgomery, of Haverhill, N. H., and is now 
a widow there ; and John Twambly', died at Sandwich, N. H., where 
he was a hatter, July 17th, 1825, aged 29 years, leaving a widow who 
afterwards married Augustine Blanchard, of Sandwich, but no child- 
ren. He was buried by the side of his father. His mother, wife of 
John^, went to Haverhill to live with her daughter"^ where she married 
a Dr. Coone, who was also a Methodist preacher. John* built the 
house now owned by Dr. James Norris, and situated but a few rods 
from the Wentworth House built by his father-in-law Judge Beede. 

Paul Varney*, (66— XII) m., 1742, at Smithfield, Elizabeth, 
dau. of James and Elizabeth (Whitehouse) Mussey. She was b. 
1720, and d. 1763, he d. 1782 ; children, 

(209) I. MICAJAH^ b. 1744-3-12, d. 17G5, unm. 

(210) II. JACOB^ b. 1754-7-9, d. 1823. 

(211) III. Mary^, b. 1756, m. 1778, Stephen, son of Jacob and Sarah 
(Hanson) Sawyer, b. 1752. She d. 1843, and had at Dover, Eliza- 
beth", b. 1778, m. Abner Chase ; Nahum'', 1779, Justing 1781, Hoseae, 
Walter^=* 1784, Benaiah'', Ruth^ Levi^ m. Hannah G. Pinkham ; 
Edward«, Lydia^ Thomas Elwood^ b. 1798-11-21, a Lawyer, Rep- 
resentative, Whig Candidate for Governor of N. H. in 1851, m. 1st, 
Elizabeth Watson, 2d, Elizabeth Moody. 

(212) IV. JAMES^ b. 1759-5-10, m. 1793, Sarah, dau. of Elijah and 
Elizabeth (Jenkins) Allen. She was b. 1754, he d. 1815. They had, 
Charlotte^ 1793, m. Eli Varney ; Matilda*\1797, m. Cyrus Bangs. 

(213) V. PAUL^ b. 1762-1-25, m. Temperance Varney. 

Anne Varney*, (67 — XIII.) m. Solomon Hanson. He was b. 
1719, the son of Thomas and Margarett (Maul) Hanson, and great- 
grandson of Thomas, the original settler at Dover. She d. 1780, and 
had, 

(214) I. Zaccheus5, b. 1742-9-17, m. Sarah, dau. of Jacob and Susanna 

and was buried upon it. He was a delegate from Sandwich, to the Kevolution- 
ary Convention that met at Exeter, 21 Dec, 1775, and which resolved itself 
into an Independent State Government. He with Col. Otis Baker, of Dover, 
and ten others, protested against this movement, and the protest may be found 
in the American Archives, Vol. IV., p. 1000, yet they all ardently supported the 
revolution when once determined on. He fretpiently represented Sandwich, and 
in 1795, was appointed one of the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas, which 
office he held to the day of his death, 7 April, 1799. He belonged to the Quaker 
denomination, and left a large family of children in Sandwich, among whom was 
a very distinguished Quaker preacher, the late Cyrus Beede, whose son Stephen 
married a dau. of the late Judge Richard Dame, of Rochester, and who has fre- 
quently represented Sandwich,in the Legislature. 

* This is the gentleman who has in his care the Friends Records at Dover, is 
very kind in this matter ; an estimable member of the Friends Society. 



216 The Otis Genealogy, [April, 

(Estes) Sawyer, (b, 1744, d. 1829.) He d. 1820, and they had at 
^Dover, Susanna^, 1708, Sarah^, Ezra°, Amos^, Stephen®, 1779, m. 
Eunice Wentworth, Abijah®, m. Hannah Bean. 

(2ir>) II. Abijaii^ d. 1781--l--l(j. 

(21G) III. JACOB^ b. 1747--2--19, m. Phebe Jenkins, 1777, dau. of Wm. 
and Phebe (Hoag) Jenkins, b. 1740, d. 1815. He d. 1810, and they 
had, b. at Rochester, Abijah^ Phebe^ killed 1843, by Andrew How- 
ard, who was hanged for the crime ; William®, Jacob®, Solomon®. 

(217) IV. Solomon^, m. 177G, Mary Chase, s. in Hampton, 1783. 

(218) Y. OTIS^ m. Ruth Gove, s. in Falmontli, 1782. 

(219) VI. Maky^ m. Nathaniel Meader, 1770--11--6, and had at Roches- 
ter, Anne®, Jedediah®, Elizabeth®, Otis®. 

(220) VII. SARAII^ m. OUver Winslow, of Falmouth. 

(221) VIII. Judith^, m. James Torrey, of Falmouth. 

(222) IX. ANNA^ b. 1757, d. 1843-12-23. 

(223) X. Martha^, b. 1760. 

Elijah TuTTLE^ (73—11.) m. Esther Varney, (d. 1802-2-8.) 
He d. 1787-10-23, and his Will was proved 21 Xov., 1787. Chil- 
dren, 

(224) I. Jame , n^. Rose Pinkham, 1763-1-C,andd, 1816. She d. 1790. 

(225) 11. BeJn. .MIN^ hi. SAMUEL^ 

(226) IV. WiL AM^ m. 1782-3-27, Ann Hanson, he d. 1834, and she 

d. 1832, lei 'ng Phehe^, b. 1783, m. Howard; Joseph^h, 

1786, m. S; h Pinkham, 1814. and had Elizabeth', Asa C.^ Ste- 
phen', Wm. mn\ and Joseph E} ; Rose\ b. 1791-4-29, m. Nath'l 
Jenkins ; Sar ®, 1793-7-1 ; /m®, b. 1798-6-18, d. 1839. 

Susanna C nney*, (75 — IV.) m. 1741-10—12, Isaac, son of Tobias 
and Ann (Lor. ) Hanson. He d. 1758, Jan. 15. Of their children, 
(besides Susanna^, who m. Richard Hanson, and a dauJ> who m. a 
Titcomb,) 

(227) I. IsAAC^, m. Jones, and d. in Farmington, leaving chil'n. 

(228) II. Lydia^, m. Benjamin, son of Isaac and Elizabeth Watson, 
he was b. 1734, April 3, and was third in descent from Jonathan 
W^atson, who was in Dover, 1675. They had, 

I. Benjamin^ ^ b. 27 June, 1772, (d. in Dover, 16 Nov., 1847,) m. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Richard and Hannah (Goodwin) Whitehouse, (b. 
26 July, 1772,) and had John', 1). 1799, (wife a Whitehouse, both d. 
leaving John Andrew^ ;) Benjamin'^ ; Lydia'^ ; (m. Jeremy Perkins, 
of Dover, and have had Charles Edwin^ d. ; Sarah Elizabeth^ ; 
Jerry William^ d. ; Lydia Augusta^ ; Isabella^ d. ; Daniel Libbey^ ; 
John Henry^ d. 1849 ; Isabella*^ ; Ann Louisa^ and Ellen^ ;) An- 
drew"^ ; Susan"^ ; SamneF, d. Oct., 1810 ; Sarah Hansoii^, b. 7 Oct., 
1810, (m. Oliver L. Reynolds, live in Dover, and have had, Cecilia 
Amanda^, b. 13 jNIarch, 1832, and d. in Dover, after an illness of 22 
months, of consumption, 1 INIarch, 1850. She was a lovely girl, and 
an earnest Christian ; Juliette;^ b. 29 Nov., 1833 ; Benjamin Oliver^ 
b. 3 Dec, 1836 ;) Elizabeth^ b. 4 Feb., 1813. (m. Thomas E. Saw- 
yer, and d. in Dover, 1 Dec, 1847 ;) Isaac"^ ; Seth^ b. 22 April, 1815, 
(m. Ann, dau. of Jonathan and Hannah Watson, and widow of Henry 
Berry, her dau. Ellen Berry now living. She d. 20 Nov., 1850, of 
consumption, and had Benjamin^, 28 Jan., 1847, d. 1848 ; Benjamin 
S.«, b. 11 June, 1849. 

II. Samuel^, h. 7 July, 1774, m. I*ricilla Ilodgdon, now dec'd ; he 
d. 14 Aj)ril, 1847, their children were, Nancy"^, m. Stephen Davis, 
both dec'd, leaving one dau., Ann Elizabeth^ ; Elizabeth', Horace P', 
Lydia®, who live in Dover. 



1851.] The Otis Qenealogy. 217 

III. Susan^j twice m. (1st,) to Lewis Wentwortli, who d. in Brook- 
field, leaving a dau. Susan', and one more. 

IV. Isaac% b. 1777 ; V. John\ b. 1781, d. at sea, 18 Nov., 1799. 

VI. A dau^., drowned in childhood. 

VII. Sara/i^, m. Samuel Hanson, no children. 

Lieut. Samuel Stackpole'^, (101 — I.) m. Zervia, dau. of Isaac 
and Joanna Watson, (bap. 5 Oct., 1755, and d. 1820.) He entered 
the Revolutionary Amry as Lieutenant, and d. in Rochester, N. H. ; 
children, 

(229) L DouGLASs^ m. Sarah Low, of So. Berwick, Me., and had Pa- 
melia^, d. a child. 1 1 Nov., 1798 ; Alexander^, of Haverhill, Ms., m. 

Abigail ; S/iarrington^, lives in Maine, no children ; Joseph^, 

m. Lydia Wentworth, lives at Gt. Falls, and has Sarah F.''^, Thomas'^, 
Joseph*^, James' ; Greenleaf ^ lives in Maine. 

(230) II. Joanna^, m. David Kimball, of Gilmanton, N. H., and have 
had Ezra^^ d. s. p. ; Frances^, unm'd. ; Samuel^, d. young ; Sophia^, 
m. Thomas Adams, of Gilmanton, and had issue, Sophia', m. Rev. 
Elliot Colby Cogswell, of New Market, N. H., graduate of Dartmouth 
College, in 1838, and youngest son of Dr. Joseph Cogswell, now liv- 
ing with his wife at Tamworth, N. II., and born at Haverhill, Ms., in 
1764, son of Nathaniel and Judith (Badger) Cogswell, of that place; 

Hazen', D. C, 1847 ; Martha H.', m Nealley, of Iowa ; Mary 

Frances' ; Lydia^, m. Mace Getchell ; Hazen^^ d. unm'd. ; T/ionias^, 
m. Sophronia Richardson, of Gilmanton, and had Georgiana', Sophia', 

Hazen', d. ; Hannah' ; Marrf, d. unm'd ; Hannah^ ^m., Clark, 

Canterbury, and have Martha', Joanna', and Ciaroline' ; Ruth^, m. 
Taylor, of Me. ; Martha^, d. unm'd. 

(231) III. Josephs, b. 1770, d. unm'd. May, 1798, ii .Baltimore. 

(232) IV. LYDIA^ d. unm'd, 1849, at Great Falls, N. H. 

(233) V. Thomass, m. Sarah Morrill, lived at No. Berwnck, and had 
Ann Ahnira^, m. John Lang, of Vassalboro', and has had 7 children ; 
John^^ m. Widow Abigail Chase, 3 ch. at Scarboro ; Theodate^, m. 
Alton Pope, of Hallowell, now of Vassalboro', and have ch. ; Peter 
MorriV'^ m. Mary Dow, he d. 1848, leaving ch. ; Charles^, m. and 
lives in Phil. Pa. ; Miriam^^ m. Samuel Taggard, of Charlestown, 

Ms. ; Thomas Wtnslow^, m. Winslow, of Vassalboro' ; Lavina^, 

m. Jacob Pope ; Miriam^y m. Weeks ; Sarah JElizaheth^, m. 



(234) VL Samuel^, b. 28 April, 177G, m. Rosanna, dau. of Paul and 
Mehitable Nute, (b. 4 Feb., 1777,) live in Rochester, and have had, 
Otis^^ b. 1797, m. 1st, Lucy, dau. of Tristram Heard of Rochester; 
2d, Mary, dau. of Isaac Brown, had 5 ch. by 1st wife, all d. young, 
and 2 ch. by 2d wife ; Joseph^, b. 1799, m. 1st, Eliza King, and now 
lives in N. Y., with his 2d wife ; Charles^ b. 1801, d. 1818 ; Miza\ 
b. 1804, m. Samuel Tibbets, of Rochester, 4 ch. ; 77iomas% b. 1806, 
m. Frances Courrier, of Portsmouth, 1850 ; Sophia^ ; Seth^, b. 1811, 
d. 1840 ; Paid Augustine'^, b. 1814, a Physician in Dover, N. II., m. 
1845, Elizabeth Garland, dau. of Charles P., and Elizabeth Hills, (b. 
in Haverhill, Ms., 1828, and two ch. ;) Mah% b. 1820. 

(235) VII. OTIS^ d. in Lynn, JE 15. 

(236) VIII. Tamsen^, a twin of Otis, m. Jonathan Morrill, of Berwick, 
removed to Vt. 

(237) IX. JoHN^, unmarried, in Demarara. 

(238) X. Amos^ m. Sarah Morrill, of Bamstead, and had JuUa^, who m. 
Jacob Coffin, and s. in Alton, 2 ch. 

10* 



218 The Otis Genealogy. [April, 

(239) XT. Susans, m. Wm. Sargent, of Great Falls. 

Nicholas OTIS^ (123 — I.) m. Esther Berry. She d. 2 Jan., 
1831. He s. at Barrington, where he signed the Pledge to support 
the Revolution, 177 G, and there d., 3 Dec., 1822. Children, (besides 
Samuel®, Abigail, and Molly^) 

(240) I. Joseph'^ b. Aug. 17G8, m. Elizabeth Berry, and d. at B., 25 
Jan., 1847, and had John', Nicholas', Asa\ all m. — anddaus. Betsys, 
and Sally^. 

(241) XL Esther*^, m. Robert Beny, of B., now live at Thornton, N. H. 

(242) III. Hannah^, m. Ebenezer Foss, of Strafford. He d. 26 Jan. 
1841. 

(243) IV. Elizabeth®, m. Mark Oilman, Barnstead. 

(244) V. Jane®, m. Joseph Cater, of Farmington. 

Elder Micajah Otis^ (124 — 11.) m. 17G9, Sarah, dau. of 
Joshua Foss. She was b. at Rye, 30 Dec., 1748, and d. 20 Jan., 
1827. He signed the Pledge to support the American Revolution, at 
Barrington, 177G, wdiere he lived an ordained Preacher of the Free 
Will Baptist denomination, and d, 20 May, 1821. Children, 

(245) I. Job®, b. 23 Aug., 1770, m. Sally, dau. of Ephraim Kimball, of 
Dover, 12 Oct., 1795. She was b. in Rochester, 7 Feb., 177G. Hon. 
Job Otis, was chosen selectman in B., 1808, which othce he held four 
years in succession. Representative from B., 1819 and 20, (in 1820 
the North west part of Barrington was incorporated into a town, and 
called Strafford,) Rep. from S. 1822, '23, and also in 1828 and 1833. 
In 1834, and '35, he was of the Council Board of N. H., and now 
lives at S., in the 81st year of his age. He has had JtJphraim K'\ d. 
young; Hannah, d. young; Sarah"^, b. 31 Mch., 1798, m. Daniel 
Winkley of S., 1816, and has Otis P.^, and DanieP ; Maria Henrietta', 
b. 11 May, 1802, m. Nathaniel Locke, Esq., of Strafford, 1825, and 
they have 4 daughters; Abigail K", b. 18 Jan., 1809, m. Paul T. 
Winkley, 1837, live in Newbury, Ms , with one son and four daus. , 
Micajalt}, and Joh^, twins, d. in infancy ; Andrew Jachson'', b. 8 Aug,, 
1815, m. 15 Feb., 1842, Sarah How Kimball, of Hiram, Me., is a 
Justice of the Peace, has been one of the General Staff, Post Master 
at Strafford, and has one son, John Langdon^ ; Joshua?, an adopted 
son of Job®, m. Rebecca F. Ricker, is a Justice, and resides at S. 

(246) II. Joshua®, b. 31 Jan., 1773, m. 1st, 26 Nov., 1799, Abigail, dau. 
of David Young, of Barrington, 2d, Abigail, dau. of Eleazer Cate. 
His first wife d. 11 Oct., 1818, and he d. 19 July, 1839, leaving 7 ch. 
by 1st wife, and 1 by the last, viz: Charlotte', m. Ephraim Cate, 
Esq. ; PolhJ, m. Ezra Stanton, Esq., Dec, 1810 ; Matilda', m James 
Varney, of Rome, Me. ; Eliza', m. John Montgomery, he d. 1846; 
AhigaiV, m. Paul Perkins, now of Lowell, Mass. ; Elmira", m. Fran- 
cis Plumer, of Somersworth ; Lavina', m. Ephraim K. Meder, of 
Rochester ; Sarah Ann'', m. Geo. W. Howard. 

(247) III. Simon®, b. 13 Oct., 1777, m. 1st, Abigail, dau. of Joseph Giles 
of Rochester, 4 March, 1803, 2d, Betsy Walker, dau. of Wm. W., of 
Barnsteiid, 3d, Catherine, widow of Timothy Jenkins, of Lee. His 
first wife d. 13 Mch., 1813; his 2d, 6 Aug., 1831. He has been 
Justice of Peace, and lives at Lee, N. H., and has had children, Ira?, 
b. 23 July, 1803, d. in Barnstead, 9 April, 1841 ; Thos. Jefferson^, 
b. 6 Oct., 1806, of Lee, N. H , m. Olive J. Goodwin, 1830, and has 
Augustus J\, Sylvanus IP., Joseph L. G^, John P^, Charles S^, 
Olive Jane^ ; Simom, b. 10 Mch., 1816, m. Maria AViggan, of Lee ; 
lie was killed, 27 Nov., 184G, by the bursting of a gun, leaving five 



1851.] The Otis Genealogy. 219 

daus. ; Joseph, b. 6 May, 1812, m. Sarah Baker, 1842, and has one 
chihi, Jbsepli^, at Lee ; Stephen"^, b. 16 June, 1809, s. Nova Scotia; 
Abigail^, h. 27 Mch, 1827, m. Timothy Davis, 1839, of Barnstead, 
now of Lee, and have 4 children. 

(248) IV. David^ b. 19 April, 1780, m. Nancy Libby, of Limmington, 
Me., where they lived and died — he, 17 Oct., 1844, and she, 14 Sept., 
1843, JE 55. He was a Captain of a company of Light Infantry, 
and his children were James', m. Mary Clark, of Cornish, Me. ; 
Stephen'', m., lived in Boston, and went to California ; Louisa?, m. 
William Paine, of Standish, Me. 

(249) Y. STEPHEN^ b. 7 Aug., 1787, m. Joanna, dau. of John B. Parsh- 
ley. He ^as Captain of a Company of Light Infantry at Strafford, 
where he d. 7 Jan., 1834. His widow m. Benjamin Foss, who d. 
Dec, 1849, and she now lives with her son Stephen. Capt. Stephen 
Otis^ had two sons, Alfred Harrison', b. 29 Nov. 1813, m. Emily 
Dunn, of Dover ; has been Representative to the Legislature, from 
Dover, and now lives a Dry Goods merchant at Boston ; Stephen 
Decatur'', unm. at Rochester ; Napoleon Bonaparte"^, b. 1824, d. 2826. 

(250) VI. Lydia^ b. 7 May, 1775, m. 1st, Arthur Danielson, who d. in 
Me., and had Stephen 0.^, m. and resides in Portland, Me. ; Rufus\ 
d. at Dorchester, Mass. ; Sally'', m. Staats M. Brasbridge, of Straf- 
ford ; she m. 2d, John Yeaton, March, 1811, who d. 16 Dec, 1844, 
and had Mercy' , d. 8 Sept., 1837, M 25 ; I/arrietf, m. Mr. Edgerly, 
of New Durham. 

Elijah Otis^ (125— III) m. 19 July, 1771, Dorothy, dau. of 
Jethro Locke, she d. at Rochester, 1824. In 1776, he enlisted "dur- 
ing the war," was at the battle of Bennington under Genl. Stark, and 
was discharged at the close of the war, and received a pension. He 
took the oath of fidelity at Barrington, 1776, was a blacksmith, lived at 
Rochester, N. II., and in 1827, removed to Durham, and died at the 
house of his son-in-law, Dea. Henry Gray, 8 April, 1838, se. 89. 
He had 14 children living at one time, viz : 

(251) I. Lemuel^ b. 24 Nov., 1774, m. Leah Peirl of Rochester, 9 Nov., 
1796, and lives at Farmington with daus. Lucy'', b. 6 Sept., 1797, m. 
Jeremiah Ricker of Farmington, no ch. ; Jemima'', b. 12 May, 1801, 
m. Howard L. Otis of Rochester, 12 April, 1832 ; Melindd}, m. John 
Peirl of Rochester, 1834 ; Clarissa', b. 11 July, 1799 ; Hannah\ 

(252) II. Hannah^, m. John Gray, d., had 10 ch. and she d. at Sheffield, 
Vt., June, 1817. 

(253) III. Jane^, a twin of Hannah, m. Nathaniel Ham, had five ch., 
and now lives a widow in Sheffield, Vt. 

(254) IV. PAUL^ b. 28 Mch., 1777, m. Mary Foss, 5 July, 1798, settled 
at Sheffield, Vt, and she d. 10 Jan., 1837. He has had, Dorothy'', m. 
John Gray of Rochester ; Lydid}, d. young ; Joseph Yi., m. Judith 
Chesley of Sheffield ; Thomas F''., m. Sarah Foss ; Martha"', m. John 
Sulloway of Wheelock, Vt.; Hannah'', d. young; Lydid}, d. young; 
Ilannnh Ft., m. AVillard Nutter of Rochester, and he d. 1843 ; Har- 
rief, m. Jonathan Clark of Lawrence, Mass.; and a child', d. in in- 
fancy. 

(255) v. JoiiN^ b. 1779, by his wife Hannah Howard, had 2 ch. ; he d. in 
Farmington, 31 Dec, 1825. 

(256) VI. JETHRO^ b. 1 March, 1781, m. Esther Howard of R., 31 
Mah. 1802, resides at Rochester and has had Nehemiah^, d. in infancy ; 
Ephraim}, b. 9 Nov., 1805, m. Sarah Mendum of Kittery, Me., 6 
Jan., 1830 ; was Armorer of the U. S. Sloop of War Concord 2 1-2 



220 The Otis Genealogy, [April, 

years, now Master Blacksmith at Portsmouth Navy Yard, is a Justice 
Peace, Co. York, has been Town Clerk of Kittery, Selectman, &c., 
and lias James F^, William^ Charles E^, George Wl, Robert F^, 
and two daus ; Martha^, b. 7 Dec. 1807, m. Jonathan Ham, IG Jan., 
1831, of Farmington, he d. 20 May, 1841, and she m. 2d. Lewis 
Yarney, 1843, 5 children ; Howard Locked, 15 Sept., 1809, m. 
Jemima, dau. of Lemuel Otis, 12 April, 1832, live at Farmington, 
and has one son and 3 daus.; Jiufus\ 15 Sept., 1811, m. Adah Per- 
kins of Wakefield, 7 April, 1834, was a seaman on board the sloop 
of War Concord 2 1-2 years, has 3 sons and 3 daus. at Rochester ; 
Hannah'', 23 Sept., 1813, m. Lewis Ham, 1839, of Rochester, and 
lias 4 ch. ; William Plummer', 8 April, 1815, m. Elizabeth Johnson 
of Northwood, N. H., 4 July, 1839, 4 ch., — he enlisted in the Mex- 
ican War, and there d. 1 June, 1848 ; Willard'^, 8 April, 1818, m. 
Elizabeth M. Gove, 1841, resides, a machinist, at Newburyport, Ms., 
with 4 ch. ; Sarah'', b. 30 April, 1820, m. Mr. Downes of Newbury- 
port, and has 4 ch. ; James H'., b. 1822, d. 1845 ; Dorothy', 15 Aug., 
1825, m. Lemuel Willey of Dover, s. at Hampton Falls, N. H. 

(257) YIL ThomasS b. 9 Feb., 1783, m. Polly Lee, 26 Mch., 1811, (b. 
29 July, 1789) and resides in New Boston, N. H. Their ch. have 
been Peter', b. 26 April, 1812 ; Mary\ b. 29 Nov., 1813, d. 1822 ; 
Hannah\ 6 Mch. 1817, m. Wm. Flint of Bedford; Sarah L\, 13 
May, 1819, m. James G. Holden of RolHnsford ; Thomas', 20 Feb., 
1821 ; 3fary Jane'', 24 Jan., 1824, m. Henry F. Straw; Harriet N"!., 
15 May, 1826 ; Wm. L\, 21 April, 1829 ; James L\, 7 June, 1831 ; 
Elizaheth\ 5 Nov., 1834. 

(258) YIIL MiCAJAH^ b. 6 Dec, 1785, m. 1st., Hannah Allard, 23 Jan., 
1806, d. 1845, and he m., 2d., Polly Brock, lives at Farmington and 
has Thomas Jefferson'', b. 9 Dec, 1806, m. 1st. Susan Nutter of Far- 
mington, ]\Iarch 31, 1830, and has Orrin K^, b. 1827, m. Sarah Gar- 
land, Melissa^ 1830, Lorenzo Dl, 1836, Rosetta^ 1833, George W^., 
b. 1843, He m 2d., Almira Canney, 1846, and has Thos. J^, and 
William^ William A\, b. 6 Nov., 1809, m. Sarah W. Deland of 
Brookfield, 22 Feb., 1835, and has Ai D^, Washington', John D^, 
Adelia^ Roesalona^, Serena^, Hannah^ Olive^. 

(259) IX. Joshua^, b. 1786, m. Lovey Elkins, (now deceased) and he 
d. in Dover, 1 Aug., 1826, had 3 ch., Elhridge', lived at Boston, and 
d. ; another son d. 1826, and a dau., Mary Jane, now living. 

(260) X. Elijah^ m. 13 May, 1811, Jane, dau. of Joshua Otis, she 
d. ; he enlisted in the war of 1812, and was not heard of after- 
wards. An Elijah Otis, m. Jane Marden, at Portsmouth, 21 March, 

1815. Who was he? 

(261) XL William^, b. 16 May, 1790, m. Hannah Bolles, 4 Nov., 1814, 
s. in Medford, Ms., and has, Mary'' and Elizabeth', twins, b. 31 
Aug. 1818, William-^ and Theresa', twins, b. 21 Aug- 1821. 

(262) XIL Dorothy^, b. 2 IMch. 1792, m. Deacon Henry Gray, Dec 
31, 1812, now of New Durham, N. II., and had Simon S''., Solomon 
Lj., Martha P\, Betsey Yt., Hannah Ji., Wm. Henrif, Otis M., 
Mary Amf, Wendell *S', Dorothy'', Joshna H'., Lavina A^. ; she d. 11 
Sept., 1840. He m. a 2d time and had 4 children. 

(263) XIIL Simeon^ m. Joana Wallingford, of Ahon, N. II., 1 July, 

1816, resides in Dover, and has children. 

(204) XIV. Maiitiia®, drowned when a child in attempting to cross a riv- 
er at Strafford, N. II. 

Lieut. Stepuen Otis*, (128 — YI.) m. Hannah, dau. of Solomon 



1851.] The Otis Genealogy. 221 

Emerson of Madbury, 30 Nov., 1786, lived at Barrington, N. H., on 
the farm of his father, where he d. 4 Dec, 1835. She d. in Me., 24 
Aug., 1848, vd 82. Children, 
(2G5) I. DANIEL^ b. 29 April, 1787, m. Betsey Jeffrey, 15 Nov., 1810 ; 
resides at Great Falls, N. H., and has had, Lovering^, b. 10 June, 
1813, d. 18 Oct., 1846; John C7.,b. 20 April, 1815, m. Abbey Rynes, 
1840, and lives in Somersworth, 2 eh. ; William St., b. 18 April, 
1821, m. Betsey Berrey, 1841, he d. 17 Oct., 1844, and she d. leav- 
ing no ch. ; Walter^ b. 12 Nov., 1823, m. Sarah Rand, of Rochester, 
lives in Manchester, N. H., 2 ch. ; Hannah\ b. 16 Dec, 1810, m. 
Trueworthy Tuttle, 1841, d. no ch. ; Adeline^ b. 8 Feb., 1819, m. Geo. 

Cheney, s. in Lowell, Ms., Sarah Ann'', 18 Sept., 1828, m. 

Thompson ; Betse^\ 29 Oct., 1831 Mary\ 16 Dec, 1833. 

(266) II. Joseph^ b. 3 Aug., 1788, m. Lucy Place, 25 Oct., 1812 ; re- 
side at Rochester, and have Maria G'., m. Brewster Hayes, Clarissa 
D7., m. George Wilkinson, and Rosa'. 

(267) IIL SoLOMON^b.25 Dec, 1792, m. at Trenton, N. J., Sarah Boor- 
ham, 4 May, 1817. Children, Jane J)\, b. 30 Aug., 1819 ; Charles 
Rl, b. 11 July, 1821 ; Mari/\ b. 30 July, 1823 ; Ann Elizaheth\ b. 
24 Aug., 1825; John Henry\ b. 4 Oct., 1830; Emeline\ 1 April, 
1828 ; Garret S\, 1833 ; Jacob B\, 1835 ; Catherine^ 1838 ; Maria'' . 

(268) IV. SusAN^ b. 3 Jan., 1793, m. Elder John Winkley, of Strafford, 
9 Nov., 1815, and has JeremiaJt', 1816, m. Betsey Hill. 

(269) V. MosEs^ b. 6 Mch. 1798, m. Lucy Eton, 1824, d. in Washing- 
ton, N. J., 24 Oct., 1828, and left one son, George\ b. 1826. 

(270) VL PoLLY^ b. 12 Dec, 1800, m. Thomas Chesley, of Dover, 26 
Sept., 1821. He d. 1845; she lives in Dover, and has Horatio'', b. 
1821, m. Mary A. Seward, 1844. 

(271) VIL HANNAH^ b. 16 May, 1802, m. Amos F. Stearns, of Cam- 
bridge, Mass., 1824, and has 11 children. 

(272) VIIL Martha^, b. 8 Aug., 1804, m. Jonathan Hodgdon, of Bar- 
rington, 25 Mch. 1824, and has 4 ch. at Dover. 

(273) IX. Sally®, b. 3 Jan., 1805, m. Isaac Foss, of Barrington. He d. 
5 Dec, 1843. She lives in Rochester, and has 5 children. 

(274) IX. Sophia^ b. 7 May, 1808, m. Hiram Hodges, 1830, now of In- 
diana, 7 ch. 

(275) XL Stephen®, b. 30 Aug., 1810, m. Abigail Ham, 1832, and has 
at Sanford, Me., David M\, Francis E\, John F\, Charles H. G\, 
Mary Jane', Clara}, Ahhey F''., Ervin C. 

Joshua Otis^ (130— VIIL) m. Lydia Meader, 15 Jan., 1788, 
now living. He was a soldier of the Revolution, and a volunteer 
from Vt., in the war of 1812. He resided at Barrington seven years 
after his marriage, removed to Wheelock, Vt., thence to Danville, re- 
sided fifteen years at Peacham, Vt., and d. at Parishville, St. Lawrence 
Co., N. Y., 4 Mch., 1834. Children, 

(276) I. SusAN^ b. 7 Nov., 1788, m. Phineas Lee, and had Susan, Jane, 
Abner, and Martha. 

(277) II. Jane^ a twin of Susan, m. 1st Elijah Otis, 13 May, 1811, and 
2d, Rollins, and had three sons by last husband. 

(278) III. Stephen®, d. unm. in the army during the war of 1812, in 
Franklin Co., N. Y. 

(279) IV. Samuel®, b. 16 Dec, 1792, m. Lucy Ayres, s. in St. Law- 
rence Co., N. Y., and had fifteen ch. seven now living: Jerome^, 
Stephen[, Carlisle', Lucy'', Marie', Susan'', Lydia'', SamueP, Darius^, 
and others which died young. 



222 The Otis Genealogy. [April, 

(280) V. Daniel^ b. G Dec, 1794, in Wheelock, Yt., m. Sophia Butler, 
s. ill East Pierpont, N. Y. ; was in tlie war of 1812, and in conse- 
quence of wounds received was discharged about the close of the war, 
and now receives a pension. He has had CeylorO^ b. April, 1818, 
m. 1st Delana Rice, 22 Oct., 1840, who became delirious and drowned 
herself, and a dau. 5 months old, 1847 ; he m. 2d, Mary Jane Read, 
of Buffalo, N. Y., 1849 ; AMeV, b. 18 Sept., 1820, d. 18 Jan., 1821 ; 
Daniel'^, b. 9 Sept., 1821, m. Philena Banister, 1842, and has 2 ch. ; 
Johii^, b. 12 May, 1823, m. Mandana Banister, 1844, 3 cli. and s. in 
Ills. ; Adaline JSP.^ b. 25 Aug., 1825, m. 5 April, 1847, James Wol- 
cott ; Angeline S\, 8 July, 1827, d. 1841 ; Roxana C., 5 July, 1830. 

(281) VI. Joshua^ d. at the age of 7 years. 

(282) VII. Jacob^, b. 11 June, , m. Elcy Bryant, and has Abraham^, 

Isaac\ and Jacob'', and three daus., and lives in Michigan. 

(283) VIII. JoiiN^, m. Louisa Preston, and had Stephen'^, Edmund?, Hi- 
ram'', Preston'', John'', and Louisa'^, resides in St. Lawrence Co., N.Y. 

(284) IX. George Washington^, m. Ehza Holmes, and s. in Lowell, 
Mass., and has 4 ch., Geo. W. C., Pamelia', Laura Ann', and El- 
bridge''. 

(285) X. Betsey®, m. Jacob McDaniels, and has George'', John', Lydia^, 
Louisa''', Mary"^, and Ceylon'^. 

(286) XL Thomas Jefferson®, m. Rebecca Pratt, and has had 4 ch. a 
son Edmund. 

(287) XII. James Madison®, m. has three sons, and s. in Indiana. 



NOTE FROM ENGLISH RECORDS, &C. 



The name Otis. — Hereditary surnames, were not assumed in England till after tlie Nor- 
man Conquest (1066) and then only gradually and b\' families of rank ; so that it is diffi 
cult to trace the pedigree of any family beyond the 13th century. Another difficulty 
arises from the loose orthography which obtained up to the time of Elizabeth and even 
later. At the commencement of the 15th century there was much confusion in family 
names, and surnames were not permanently settled before the era of the Reformation. 

In Hollingshed's copy of the Roll of " Battel Abbey," is " Fitz-Otes." As Latin was the 
language employed by the clerks of early times, proper names were almost uniformly 
Latinized from the 11th to 16th century. Camden gives a list of Latinized surnames in his 
" Remains," p. 130. In Wright's " Court Hand Restored " is a more copious list, in which is 
" Filius Odonis — Fitz — Otes." The method adopted by the old Normans to distinguish 
families was prefixing to their names the word Fitz, a corruption of Fils and that derived 
from the Latin Filius, as the Scotch employed ^lac — the Welsh Ap — meaning respective- 
ly, the soil of. Verstegan supposes that those names with Fitz superadded, to have been 
Netherlanders. 

Our investigations among English records are too limited to enable us to trace an; 
lengthened pedigree of the Otis P\amily previously to the arrival in this country of the 
emigrant ancestor. And it would be useless to speculate upon the origin of the name Otis, 
or, without any evidence of the fact from historical records, to jump to the conclusion that 
we must needs be descended from some stalwort Norman who " hacked his way to emi- 
nence and fortune through the serried ranks " of the Saxons at Hastings, because a name 
similar to that we bear happens to be on the Battle Roll. Even identity of surnames is not 
always proof of the consanguinity of the parties bearing it, for in some instances two fani 
ilies have derived their surnames from one j>!((ce. Names of the monosyllabic kindwci' 
borrowed generally by the Anglo-Saxon race from local places — other names from Natura 
objects, as coney, otter, &c., many fnm avocations, etc. 

We have already expressed the opinion that the families of Oates and Otes were in no 
wa}' connected with th.e family of Ottis or Otis. Thf former are and always have been of 
one syllable, while the latter are distinctly two. Resides, affinity of Arms in Heraldry 
distinguishes families with nearly if not quite the certainty of surnames. It will be seen 
on examination that the arms of these two families are widely different in their character 
and bearings. 

Extracts from the Parish Register of St. John the Baptist, Glastonbury, Co. of Somer- 
Bct, England. The register commences in 1603. Baptisms : 



1851.] The Otis Genealogy. 223 

Alicia Oattis, dau. of John, 23 June, 1604. Elleanor Ottis, dau. of James, 15 April, 1609. 

William Ottis, son of James, 5 Dec.^ 1610. Joan Ottis, dau. of John, 15 Dec, 1610. 

Joan Ottis, dau. of John, 1 Dec, 1612. Elizabeth Ottis, dau. of John, 12 Nov., 1614. 

Maria Ottis, dau. of James 2, Jan. 1615. Richard Ottis, son of John, 27 Feb., 1616. 

Hannah Ottis, dan. of John, 16 Aug., 1618. James Ottis, son of James, 31st May, 1617. 

Flora Wottis (Ottis VJ dau. of James, 3 John Ottis son of John, 14 Jan., 1621. 

April, 1612. Joan Ottis, dau. of James, 23 July, 1621. 

Marria(jes : — William Oattis and Agnes Awstin, 7 Jan., 1606. 

James Oattis and Flora Awstin, 1 Aug., 1G08. 

Burials: — Maria Oattis, wife of William, 1 Dec, 1605. 

Joan Ottis, dau. of John, 22 Dec, 1611. 

Joan Ottis, dau. of John, 21 Dec, 1612. 

Agneta Ottis, widow, 6 June, 1614. 

Elizabeth Ottis dau. of John, 31st March, 1615. 

James Ottis, son of .James, 14 March, 1618. 

Extracts from the Parish register of Othery, near Bridgewater, Somersetshire : 
Elizabeth Otis, dau. of Anthony, Baptised 19 Oct., 1561. 

Thomas Otis, son of " " 21 Aug., 1567. 

Sibella Otis dau. of " " 16 Oct., 1569. 

John Otis, son of " " 29 April, 1627. 

Joan Otis, dau. of " ♦' 3 May, 1629 ; buried 6 Sept., 1630. 

Anthony Otis, son of " buried 18th Jan., 1653. 

From this it is seen that the derivation of John Otis of Hingham, Mass., is not from 
Barnstable, in Devonshire, or from Hingham, in Norfolk, but from Glastonbury, in the Co., 
Somerset. Glastonbury is about five miles S.S.VV. from Wells, the seat of the Bishop, so 
a much more probable place for breeding early non-conformists. Besides, Glastonbury was 
one o the very highest spots for sanctification in the days of prevalence of the Romish 
superstition. It will be seen that John had a son Richard, but we have heretofore given 
our reasons for believing he was not the Richard of Dover, N. H. If Richard Otis of Dover, 
be not a son of John of Hingham, IMass., born (as above) in England, 27 Feb., 1616-17, it 
may be some gratification to presume that the same John, (the first) was probably son of 
Richard of Glastonbury, (whose Will is dated 1611) and that Stephen (Will dated at G., 
1637,) was his brother, each giving a son the name of the grandfither. 

Lechford, a Lawyer getting into difiiculty, or out of occupation among the colonists, went 
home and " wrote a book against them," * wherein he says, " they refuse to baptise old 
Ottis grand children, an ancient member of their own church." And Tudor, in his life of 
Otis, says, " as twelve years after a minute of the baptism of Mary Otis [dau. of second 
John] is made in the Journal of Rev. Peter Hobart, the difficulty, whatever it was, had 
been removed." " Old Ottis " — Tohni — had grand children by one, if not two daughters 
before Lechford wrote. Mary^ (Gill,) mentioned in the grandfather's Will, and old enough 
to marry John Beal, 14 Nov., 1660, was not baptized before Jan., 1644, and her sist'er 
Sarah^, who m. John Longley, 3 Jan., 1666, was baptized at the same tim<\ (The other 
child, Thomas Gill®, m. Susanna Wilson, in Dec, 1673.) The refusal of Lechford there- 
fore, may be applied to both these children. We know, that unless one of the parents was 
of the church, the offspring would not be admitted, in those times, to baptism. Many in- 
stances are known, where, three, four, and even six children were baptized at once, after 
the father or mother had just united with the church. 

Notice. — It is proposed to publish in pamphlet form, a corrected and enlarged edition of 
the Genealogy heretofore printed, being the descendants of John Otis. This is presumed 
to be sufficient notice to all descendants who may see this, to send a full account of their 
families to the compiler of this, or to the Editor, Mr. Samuel G. Drake, Boston. 

Who was James Otis, 2d Lieutenant ia,Capt._Jqhn Jones company of Col. James Reed's 
regiment, 2d i-egiment under Gen. Washington at Cambridge, 1776 ? 

Who was Joseph Otis, private, wounded at Morrisianna, Feb., 1781, residence, Branford 
Ct. Enlisted 1 January, 1777 for the war and received half pension ? 

* Plaine Dealing, Newesfrom N. E., written in 1641. 



Errata.— The Otis Genealogy, should be entitled, Otis, &c. Geneaologv. 
On the map of Cochecho in 1689, " Wentworth property " should read "Western part of 
Wentworth property." 

Page 184. The Canada husband of Christme Baker2, born March, 1688-9, should be Le- 
Beau instead of Le Beaw 

Page 180. The word Grizel, Grizet. 

y-dne 188. Judith should read Judith^. 

Page 186. " Hottesse," should read Hotesse. 

Page 187. Second line of Heard note, should read " at Dover, 16*3 : had a grant of land" 
&c., mstead of " at Dover, 1643, he had," &c. ' ' e 



224 Rogers, Pratt, ^e. [April, 

NOTE TO THE GENEALOGICAL MEMOIR OF THE ROG- 
ERS FAMILY. 

Although the Publishing Committee of the Register, as they have an- 
nounced, do not feel tliemselves responsible for articles which appear over 
the signatures of contributors, yet they feel constrained to notice some 
statements in the article on the Rogers family, pp. 105-152, of this number. 

The statement that Nathaniel Rogers of Ipswich, Mass., was a descend- 
ant of the Marian Martyr, or in other words, that Jolm Rogers of 
Dedham, Eng., the father of Nathaniel, was a grandson of the Martyr, is 
believed to be dependant wholly on tradition for its authority. The enqui- 
ries w^hicli have been bestowed upon this subject by genealogists in Eng- 
land and in this country have failed to verify this tradition, which cannot 
be traced beyond the time of Hutchinson. That it may be verified by 
future enquiries, is possible. But while it rightfully belongs in the cate- 
gory of traditions, it should be suffered to remain there. 

In the same class with the above belongs the statement on page 1^''^' *'^^^ 
" the identical Bible which belonged to the Proto-martyr is now owned 
by a descendant at Lunenburg, Mass." 

The relationship, as stated on page 118 between Richard R., of AYeath- 
ersfield and John of Dedham, England, is believed to be conjectural. 
Candler, almost a cotemporary, calls them brothers ; while Cotton Mather 
intimates that John of Dedham was " cosin " to Ezekiel of Rowley. 
Cousin would seem to be an uncertain designation. Neither is it by any 
means a well ascertained fact that Richard of Weathersfield, was a son 
of the Martyr. — Pub. Com. Hist. & Gen. Reg. 



REMARKABLE LONGEVITY OF THE PRATT FAMILY. 

Phineas Pratt died in Charlestown, April 19, 1G80, aged 90. He was 
one of the " first English Planters of New England." He came over in 
Weston's company about 1622. He saved Weston's men from extermination 
by informing the Plymoutli colonists of the " straits his associates were in." 
Aaron Pratt, his son, died at Cohasset, February 25, 1735, aged 81. — 
Aaron Pratt, 2d, died March 28, 17G6, aged 76. Thomas Pratt, son of 
Aaron 2d, died October, 1818, aged 83. Benjamin Pratt, now living in 
Cohassett, aged 84, has now living six brothers and sisters, whose average 
age is 76. Aaron Pratt 3d son of Aaron Pratt 2d, has nine children now 
living, whose average age is 76 years and six months. The average age 
of the fathers of five generations is nearly 83 years. 

Ephriaim Pratt of Plymouth, died 1804, aged 116. His descendants 
numbered nearly 1500. Jonathan Pratt died at Cohassett, aged 94. One 
other member of the Pratt family lived to the age of 100- 

A genealogy of this family is now being prei)ared for })ublication. The 
Pratt family have been mostly farmers of industrious habits, and have 
made little or no use of medicine. — Puritan Sf Pecorder, 



London, Nov. \2th, 1783. — Yesterday, John Adams, Esq., the Ameri- 
can Commissioner, made his appearance in the House of Lords, by the 
members of whicli august body, he was treated with every mark of respect. 
The famous Benedict Arnold, ex})erienced dilfcrent usage, when lie found 
it ])rudent to retire with precipitancy, after just peeping into the House. 
This shows the natural abhorrence entertained by mankind for political 
apostacy. — Massachusetts Spy^ 8 Jan. 1784. 



1851.] Records of Windsor^ CL 225 

RECORD OF MARRIAGES AND BIRTHS, IN WINDSOR, CT. 

[Communicated by Samuel H. Parsons, Esq.] 
Continued from page 66, of this Volume. 

Thomas Egelston, (son of Begat) b. 26 Aug. 1638 ; children, Marey, 
b. 29 May, 1641; Sara, b. 28 March, 1643; Debera, b. 8 Dec. 1644; 
Abigail, b. 12 June 1648 ; Jose])^h,_baj). 30 March, 1651 ; Benjamin, b. 18 
Dec. 1753; Begat Egelston (the father) d.l" Sept. 1674, "were 100 yer 
ouldr 

James Egelston, m. Hester ; chil. James, b. 1 Jan. 1656; 

John, b. 27 ^larch, 1659 ; Thomas, b. 27 July, 1661 ; Hester, b. 1 Dec. 

1663 ; Nathaniel, b. 15 Aug. 1666 ; I^ack, b. 27 Feb. 1668 ; Abigail, b. 
1 Sept. 1671; Debora, b. 1 May, 1674; Hanna, b. 19 Dec. 1676. 

JosiA Elesworth, [ancestor of Oliver Ellsworth, LL. D.] m. Eliza- 
beth Holcom, 16 Nov. 1654. He d. 20 Aug. 1689, « 60. Chil. Josias, b. 5 

Nov. 1655 ; EKzabeth, b. 11 Nov. 1657 ; Mary, b. 7 May, 1660 ; , 

b. 7 Dec. 1662 ; Thomas, b. 2 Sept. 1665 ; Jonathan, b. 28 June, 1669, d. 
13 Sept. 1749, se 81; John, b. 7 Oct. 1671; Job, b. 13 April, 1674; 
Benjamin, b. 19 Jan. 1676. 

Walter Fylar, m. ; chiL John, b. 12 Sept. 1642 ; Zurobabel, 

b. 23 Dec. 1644. 

Zurobabel Fylar, & Experience Strong, were m. 27 May, 1669 ; 
chil. Thomas, b. 25 Jan. 1669; Jane, b. 1 Jan. 1671 ; Zurobabel, b. 31 
Obt. 1673 ; Zurobell, b. 25 Dec. 1674 ; John, b. 2 March, 1676. 

John Fylar, m. Elizabeth Dohnan, 17 Oct. [1672?] 

IAVilliam Filly, [of Simsbury] & Margaret (liis wife) werem. 2 Sept. 
1642 ; chil. Samuel, b. 24 Sept. 1643 ; John, b. 15 Dec. 1645 ; Mary, b. 
; Elizabeth, b. March 4, 1650; Abigal, b. 21 Aug. 1658; 

Debroa, b. 21 March, 1661 ; William, b. 7 March, 1665. 

Samuel Filly, [Simsbury] m. Anna Gillet, 29 Oct. 1663 ; chil. Anna, 
b. 16 Aug. 1664; Mary, b. 12 April, 1667; Abigayl, b. 20 Jan. 1668; 
Samuel, b. 2 April, 1670 ; Jonathan, b. 30 Nov. 1672 ; Samuel, b. 7 Mar. 
1673; Josia, b. 21 Jan. 1675; John, b. 10 Feb. 1677; Abigayl, b. 3 
Jan. 1679. 

Ambous Fo\yller, ra. Jane Alvord, 6 May 1646; chil. Abigayl, b. 
1 March, 1646 ; John, b. 19 Nov. 1648 ; Mary, b. 15 May, 1650 ; Sam- 
uel, b. 18 Nov. 1652 ; Hanna, b. 20 Dec. 1654; Elisabeth, 2 Dec. 1656 ; 
Ambrous, b. 8 May, 1658. 

Samuel Foward, of Simsbury, m. Anne . He d. 1684. She 

d. 1685 ; chih Samuel, b. 23 July, 1671 ; Joseph, b. 10 Nov. 1674. 

Samuel Grant, was b. in Dorchester, 12 Nov. 1631. He was m. to 
Mary Porter 27 May, 1658, Samuel, b. 20 April, 1659 ; John,b. 24 April, 

1664 ; Matthew, b. 22 Sept. 1666 ; Josia, b. 19 March, 1668 ; Nathaniel, 
b. 14 April, 1672 ; Mary, b. 23 .Tan. 1675 ; Sara, b. 19 Jan. 1678. 

Samuel Grant, m. Anna Fillie, 6 Dec. 1683 ; Anna, b. 2 Sept. 1684. 
-Thomas Gunn, m. ; Elizabeth, b. 14 Oct. 1640; De- 
broa, b. 21 Feb. 1641 ; Mehitabell, b. 28 July, 1644; John, b. 8 July, 
1647. 

Henry Goren, m. ; William, b. 13 Oct. 1679. 

■GTaiian Grant was born 3 Feb'y 1633, in Dorchester. He was married 
to Ilanna Palmer, 22 .Ian. 1662 ; Matthew, born 4 .lanuary, 1663 ; Ta- 
han, b. 27 Septem. 1665 Ilanna, b. 8 June, 1668; Thomas, b. 20 Feb'j, 
11 



226 Records of Windsor^ Ct. [April, 

1670 ; Joseph, b. 14 May, 1673 ; Sara, b. 19 Sept. 1675 ; Mary, b. 23 
Oct. 1G78 ; b. 11 Nov., 1G80 ; d. 14 Nov. 1680. 

John Grant, was born in Windsor, 20 April, 1642. He was married 
to Mary Hull, 2 August, 1666. John, b. 20 Oct., 1670; Mary, b. 26 
April, 1675 ; Elizabeth, b. 10 July, 1677 ; Abigal, b. 27 Jan'y, 1679. She 
was baptised in Hartford, by Rev. Mr. Foster, 17 July, 168-. 

Seth Grant, removed Irom Hartford to Windsor, had no son. 

Jonathan Gillet, Sen., Simsbury. Anna, born in AVindsor, 29 Dec., 
1639 ; Joseph, baptized, 25 July, 1641 ; Samuel, b. 22 Jan'y, 1642 ; John, 
born 5 Oct., 1644; Abigayel, baptized 28 June, 1646; Jeremia, born 12 
Feb., 1647; Josias, baptized 14 July, 1650. 

Jonathan Gillet, Jun., Simsbury, m. Mary Kelsey, 23 April, 1661. 
chil. Mary, b. 21 October, 1667 ; Jonathan, 18 Feb. 1670 ; William, b. 4 
Dec, 1673. His wife died 18 April, 1676. He m. Merriam Deble, 14 Dec, 
1676. Thomas, b. 31 May, 1678, d. 11 June ; Ebenezer, b. 28 Oct. 1679 ; 
Samuel, b. 17 Dec. 1680, [two daughters.] 

JosiA Gillet, [Simsbury,] and Johana Tainter, were m. by Mr. John 
Allyn, 30 June, 1676; children, Josia, b. 24 Nov., 1678; Johana, b. 28 
Oct. 1680. 

Cornelius Gillet, [Simsbury,] m. ; chil. Pricilla, b. 

23 January, 1659; Pricilla, b. 30 March, 1661; Abigail, b. 20 Sept., 
1663 ; Cornelius, b. 15 Dec, 1665; Mary,b. 12 Aug., 1668; Hester, b. 

24 May, 1671 ; Sarah, 3 Jan., 1673 ; Joanna, b. 22 April, 1676 ; Daniel, 
b. 30 June, 1678, d. 15 Aug., 1753, in Winsor; Daniel, b. 30 June, 1679, 
bap. 27 July. 

Joseph Gillet, [Simsbury,] m. Ehzabeth Hawkes, 1664 ; chil. Jo- 
seph, b. 2 Nov., 1664; Ehzabeth, b. 13 June, 1666 ; Mary, b. 10 Sept., 
1667 ; Jonathan, b. 11 August, 1669 ; John, b. 10 June, 1671 ; Nathaniel, 
b. 4 May, 1673, and 3 daughters. j 

John Gillet, [Simsbury] m. Mary Barber, 8 July, 1669 ; chil. John, ' 
b. 6 August, 1673, d. 1699; Thomas, b. 18 July, 1676; Samuel, b. 16 
Feb., 1677 ; Nathaniel, b. 3 Oct., 1680 ; Mary, b. 30 Oct. 1682, at Hart- 
ford. 

Nathan Gillet, m. removed to Simsbury, wife d. 1670-1 ; chil. Eliza- 
beth, b. 6 Oct., 1639 ; Abia, b. 22 Aug. 1641 ; Rebeca b. 14 June, 1646 ; 
Elias, b. 1 July, 1649 ; Sarah, 13 July, 1651 ; Benjamin, b. 29 Aug., 

1653 ; Nathan, b. 17 Aug., 1655 ; Rebeca, b. 8 Dec, 1657. 
Edward Griswold, (b. in 1607, m. young) removed to Simsbury ; 

chil., Ann, bap. 19 June, 1642 ; Mary, bap. 13 Oct., 1644 Debroa, bap. 28 
June, 1646 ; m. Samuel Buell, went to Killingworth ; Joseph, b. 12 Mch., 
1647 ; Samuel, bap. 18 Nov., 1649 ; John, bap. 1 Aug., 1652 settled in 
Killingworth. 

Joseph Griswold, removed to Simsbury, m. Mary Gaylar, 14 July, 
1670 ; chil. Mary,b. 16 March, 1670 ; Joseph, b. 24 Jan., 1677. 

George Grisavold, [settled in vSimsbury,] m. Mary Holcom, 3 Oct. 
165- ; chil. Daniel, b. 1 Oct., 1656 ; Thomas, b. 29 Sept. 1658 ; Edward, 
b. 19 March, 1660; Mary, b. 28 Sept. 1663; George, 3 Dec 1665; 
John, b. 17 Sept. 1668 ; Benjamin, 16 Aug. 1671 ; Debrow, b. 30 May, 
1674; Abigayl, 31 Oct. 1676, d. 7 May, 1682, at Windsor; Samuel, b. 
, 1681, d. 1682 iE 7 months. 

William Gaylar, Jun., m. Ann Porter, 24 Feb., 1644 ; chil. Ann, b. 
24 April, 1645 ; Hanna, b. 30 Jan., 1646 ; John, b. 27 Jan., 1648 ; Wil- 
liam, b. 25 Feb., 1650; Ilezekiah, b. 11 Feb. 1652; Josia, b. 13 Feb., 

1654 ; Nathaniel, b. 3 Sept., 1656. 

Wilham Gaylar. (the father,) died 14 Dec. 1656. 



1851.] Records of Windsor, Ct. 227 

Walter Gaylar, m. Mary Stebbins, April 1G48 ; chil. Joseph, b. 13 
May, 1649 ; Mary, 19 March, 1G50 ; Joanna, 5 Feb. 1652 ; Benjamin b. 
12 April, 1655 ; Isack, b. 21 June, 1657 ; his wife died 29 June, 1657. He 
m. a 2d wife, Sarah Rockwell, 22 March, 1659 ; Eliazer, b. 7 March, 
1662 ; Sara, b. 13 April, 1665. 

Joseph Gayler, (son of Walter) m. Sarah Standly, 14 July, 1670; 
chil. Sarah, b. 11 July, 1671; Joseph, b. 22 Aug. 1673; John, b. 21 
Aug. 1677. 

John Gaylar, m. Mary Drak, 17 Nov. 1653 ; chil. John, b. 15 June, 
1656, ; Mary, b. 19 Jan. 1663; John, b. 23 June, 1667; Elizabeth, b. 
19 Feb 1670. 

Samuel Galar, m. Elisabeth Hull, 4 Dec. 1646 ; chil. Elisabeth, b. 4 
Oct. 1647 ; Mary, b. 10 Nov. 1649 ; Sara, b. 18 Jan. 1651 ; Abigayl, b. 29 
Sept. 1653 ; Samuel, b. — July, 1657 ; Martha, b. — June, 1660. 

John Griffin, [Simsbury,] m. Anna Bancroft, 13 ^May, 1647; chil. 
Hanna, b. 4 July, 1649 ; Mary, b. 1 March, 1651 , Sara, 25 Dec. 1654; 
John, b. 20 Oct. 1656; Thomas, b. 3 Oct. 1658; Abioaill, b. 12 Nov. 
1660 ; Mindwel, b. 11 Feb. 1662 ; Ruth, b. 21 Jan. 1665 ; Ephraim, b. 
1 Mar. 1668 ; Nathaniel, b. 31 May, 1673. 

Jacob Gibbes, m. Elisabeth Androus, 4 Dec. 1657 ; chil. Mary, b. 21 
Aug. 1659; Abigayl, b. 7 Jan. 1661 ; Jacob, b. 1 Dec. 1664; Jacob, b. 
22 June, 1666; Sara, b. 28 Feb. 1668 ; Elisabeth, b. 1 April, 1670; 
Elizabeth, b. 13 Sept. 167-. 

Samuel Gibbes, m. Hepsiba Deble, 15 Ai)ril, 1664 ; chil. Hepsiba, b. 
12 Jan. 1664; Patience, b. 2 Dec. 1666; Elisabeth, b. 30 Jan. 1668; 
Joanna, b. 26 March, 1671 ; Experience, b. 4 April, 1673 ; Catherine, b. 
29 April, 1675 ; Samuel, b. 16 April, 1677 ; Jonathan, b. 16 Feb. 1679. 

Thomas Holcom, [Simsbury,] m. Elizabeth . He d. 1657. 

His widow m. James Eno, 1658 ; chil. Abigayl, b. 6 Jan. 1638 Joshua, bap. 

27 Sept. 1640 ; Sara, b. 14 Aug. 1642 ; Benaja, b. 23 June, 1644 ; De- 
broa, b. 15 Oct. 1646 ; Nathaniel, b. 4 Nov. 1648 ; Debroa, b. 15 Feb. 
1650 ; Jonathan, 23 March, 1652. 

Joshua Holcom, [Simsbury,] m. Ruth Sherwood, 4 June, 1663 ; chil. 
Ruth, b. 26 May, 1664 ; Thomas, b. 30 March, 1666 ; Sara, b. 23 June, 
1668. 

Benaja Holcom, [Simsbury,] m. Sara Ennos, 11 April, 1667 ; Ben- 
aja, b. 16 April, 1668 ; James, b. 13 Oct. 1671. 

William Hayden, removed from Hartford to Windsor, 1642, and from 

Windsor to Killingworth, 1664 ; m. ; chil. Daniell, b. 2 Septem'r, 

1640, d. 22 March, 1713 ; Nathaniel, b. 2 Feb. 1643, d. in Killing- 
worth ; Mary, b. 6 June, 1648. 

Daniel Hayden, m. Hanna Wilcokson, 17 March, 1664 ; chil. Daniel, 
b. 5 Oct. 1666; d. 22 Dec. 1759 ; Hanna, b. 9 Nov. 1668 ; Nathaniel, b. 

28 March, 1671 ; William, b. 27 April, 1673, d. 11 June, 1675 ; William, 
b. 1 Jan. 1675, d. 3 July, 1713; Samuel, b. 28 Feb. 1678, d. 12 Oct. 
1742 ; Ebenezer, b. 14 Dec. 1681 ; Mary, b. 28 Sept. 1686, d. 31 Oct. 
1708. 

John Hosford, m. Philluy Trail, 5 Nov. 1657; chil. William, b. 25 
Oct. 1658 ; John, b. 16 Oct. 1660 ; Timothy, b. 20 Oct. 1662 ; Hester, b. 27 
May, 1664 ; Sara, b. 27 Sept. 1666 ; Samuel, b.2 June, 1669 ; Nathaniel, 
b. 19 Aug. 1671 ; Marcy, b. 12 April, 1674 ; John, b. 20 Sept. 167-. 

Nicholas Hayts, [Simsbury,] m. Susanna Joyce, 12 July, 1646 ; chil. 
Samuel, b. 1 May, 1647 ; Jonathan, b. 7 June, 1649 ; David, b. 22 April, 
1651 ; Daniell, b. 10 April, 1653. 

Robard Hay ward, m. < ; chil. Taphathy, b. 1 Jan. 1646 ; 



228 Records of Windsor, Ct [April, 

Rebeca, b. 17 Aug. 1648 ; Hester, 8 June, IGol ; Lidia, b. 13 June, 1655 ; 
Ephraiin, b. 11 Jan. 1656. 

John Hakes, m. ; cliil. Jolin, b. 13 Aug. 1643 ; Nathaniel, b. 

16 Feb. 1644 ; Elizabeth, b. 10 Jan. 164G ; Anna, b. 1 Oct. 1648 ; Isack, 
b. 11 Aug. 1650; Mary, b. 23 May, 1652; Johana, b. 8 Feb. 1653; 
Eliezer, b. 20 Dec. 1655 ; Sara, b. 21) Sept. 1657 ; Jetsom, b. 12 Aug. 
1659. 

JosiAS Hull, m. Elizabeth Loomis, 20 May, 1641 ; he d. 16 Nov. 
1675 ; cliil. Josias, b. — Sept. 1642 ; John, b. 17 Dec. 1644 ; Elisabeth, 
b. 18 Feb. 1646 ; jMary, b. 2 Oct. 1648 ; Martha, b. 10 June, 1650 ; Jo- 
seph, b. 10 Aug. 1652 ; Sara, b. 9 Aug. 1654 ; Naomy, b. 17 Feb. 1656 ; 
Rebeca, b. 10 Aug. 1659; George, b. 28 April, 1662; Thomas, b. 29 
May, 1665. 

MiCALL HouMFERT, [Simsbury,] m. Prissilla Grant, 14 Oct. 1647 ; 
chil. John, b. 7 June, 1650 ; Mary, 1). 24 Oct. 1653 ; Samuel, b. 15 May, 
1656; Sara, b. 6 March, 1658; Martha, b. 5 Oct. 1663; Abigayl, b. 
23 March, 1665 ; Hanna, b. 21 Oct. 1669. 

Luke Hill, m. Mary Hout, 6 May, 1651 ; chil. Liddya, b. 18 Feb. 
1651; Mary, b. 20 Sept. 1654; Tahan, b. 23 Nov. 1659 ; Luke, b. 6 
March, 1661; Abigayl, b. 16 April, 1664; Elisabeth, b. 8 Oct. 1666; 
John, b. 28 Nov. 1668. 

Anthony Howkins, [Simsbury] m. Isabel Brown, 16 July, 1656 ; chil. 
Mary, b. 16 July, 1644 ; Ruth, b. 24 Oct. 1649 ; John, b. 18 Feb. 1651. 

George Jeffery ; chil. Mary, b. 12 June, 1669; Hanna, b. 23 Aug. 
1671 ; Elizabeth, b. 2 4 Dec. 167-. 

John Loomis, m. Elisabeth Scot, dau. of Thomas Scot of Hartford, 6 
Feb. 1648 ; chil. John, b. 9 Nov. 1649 ; Joseph, b. 7 Nov. 1651 ; Thomas, 
b. 3 Dec. 1653 ; Samuel, b. 29 June, 1655 ; Daniel, b. 16 June, 1657 ; 
James, b. 19 Sept. 1659 ; Timothy, b. 27 July, 1661 ; Nathaniel, b. 8 July, 
1663 ; David, b. 30 May, 1665 ; Samuel, b. 12 August, 1666, d. 1665; 
Isark, b. 31 August, 1668 ; Elisabeth, b. 8 May, 1671 ; Mary, b. 7 Aug. 
1673, dec'd 14 May, 1674. 

Samuel Loomis, m. ; chil. Ruth, b. 14 June, 1660; 

Sara, b. 3 P'eb. 1662 ; Joanna, b. 22 Oct. 1665 ; Benjamin, b. 11 Feb. 
1667 ; Nehemia, b. 15 July, 1670. 

Joseph Loomis, m. Sarah Hill, 17 Sept. 1646 ; chil. Sarah, b. 22 July, 
1647 ; Joseph, b. 15 July, 1649 ; John, b. 1 Oct. 1651 ; b. Mary, 3 Aug. 
1653 ; Sarah, b. 1 April, 1660 ; Hanna, b. 2 Feb. 1661 ; Matthew, b. 4 
Nov. 1664; Stephen, b. 1 Sept. 1668; Nathaniel, b. 8 Aug. 1673; 
James, b. 31 Oct., 1669 ; Isark, b. 28 Oct. 1677. 

Nathaniel Loomis, m. Elisabeth ^loore, 24 Nov.; chil. Elisabeth, b. 
7 Aug. 1655; Nathaniel, b. 20 March, 1656; Abigayl, b. 27 March, 
1659; Josia, b. 17 Feb. 1660; Jonathan, b. 30 March, 1664; David, 
b. 11 Jan. 1667; Hezekiah, b. 21 Feb. 1668; Moses, b. 15 May, 1671; 
Mindwell, b. 20 July, 1673; Ebenezer, b. 22 March, 1674; Mary, b. 
5 Jan. 1679 ; Rebek, 10 Dec. 1682. 

Thomas Loomis, m. Hanna Fox, Nov. 1, 1653; chil. Thomas, b. 29 
Oct. 1654; Thomas, b. 17 March, 1655 ; Hanna, b. 8 Feb. 1657 ; Mary, 
b. 16 Jan. 1659. His wife Hanna d. 25 April. 1662; Thomas Loomis, 
m. his 2d wife, Mary Judg 1 Jan. 1662; chil. Elizabeth, b. 21 Jan. 1663, 
Ruth, b. 16 Oct. 1665 ; Sara, b. 1 Feb. 1667 ; Jeremia, b. 3 Julv, 1670 ; 
Maybell, b. 27 Oct. 1672; Mindwell, b. 6 Aug. 1676; Benjamin, b. 20 
May, 1679. 

Mr. Nathaniel Ciiancey (^) of the church of Christ in Windsor, m. 
Abigail daughter of Elder John Strong, at Northampton, 12 Nov. 1673 ; 



1851.] Records of Windsor, Ct, 229 

chil. Isaac was born 6 Sept. 1674 the night before and baptised that day ; 
Katherine, b. 12 June, 1674 and baptised 10 ; Abigail, b. 14 Oct. 1677 ; 
Charles, b. 3 Sept. 1679, bap. 7th and d. 31 Oct. 1679. 

(a) Rev. Nathaniel Chauncey, of Hatfield, was b. in Plymouth about 
1639. He was the son of Prest. Chancey, and was the twin brother of 
Elnathan Chauncey, a physician in Boston ; both were the first graduates 
of Harvard College. Elnathan received from Robt. Hix (merchant at 
Plymouth,) fifty acres of land at his birth. 

[Nathaniel Chauncey had an only son, Nathaniel, who settled in Dur- 
ham, Ct. From this branch is descended the highly respectable family of 
the name in Philadelphia ; and of which was the late Mr. Charles Chaun- 
cey, whose death we noticed in a previous volume, and the present Na- 
thaniel Chauncey, Esq. 

From the youngest son of President Chauncey, Israel, of Stratford, de- 
scend the equally respectable family of New York, of which is the present 
William Chauncey, Esq., son of Judge Moses Chauncey, of Schenectady, 
grandson of Josiah, who about the year 1792, removed from Amherst, 
Ms., to Schenectady. The father of Josiah, was the Rev. Isaac Chauncey, 
of Hadley, Ms., who was the son of Israel, before mentioned, who was the 
son of Charles Chauncey, the second President of Harvard College. 

A branch of the family settled at Fairfield, (Black Rock,) Ct., from 
which is descended the distinguished Commodore of the name (who died 
27 Jan. 1840,) who was the father of Charles W., and John S. Chauncey, 
late of the U. S. Navy, and the Rev. Peter Chauncey, of Hartford, Ct.] 

Dea. John Moore, [lived in Simsbury] m. ; chil. 

Mindwell, b. 10 July, 1643, in Windsor ; John, b. 5 Dec. 1645. Dea. 
Moore d. 18 Sept. 1677, buried 19th, in Windsor. 

John Moore, [lived in Simsbury,] m. Hanna Gofe, 21 Sept. 1664; 
chiL John, b. 26 June, 1665 ; Thomas, b. 25 July, 1667, d. 22 Jan. 1735, 
in Windsor, ge 68 ; Samuel, b. 24 Dec. 1669 ; Nathaniel, b. 20 Sept. 
1672 ;^IMward, b. 2 March, 1674 ; Josiah, Joseph, twins, b. 5 July, 1679. 
Samuel Marshall, [Simsbury] m. Mary Wilson, 6 May, 1652; 
Samuel, b. 27 May, 1653 ; Lidia, b. 13 Feb. 1655, bapt. 7 Feb. 1657 ; 
Thomas, b. 23 April, 1657 ; David, b. 24 Julv, 1661 ; Thomas, b. 18 Feb. 
1663; Mary, b. 8 May, 1667 ; Eliachim, b.' 10 July, 1669 ; John, b. 10 
April, 1672; Elizabeth, 27 Sept. 1674. 

John Mawdsly, m. Mary Newbury, 10 Dec. 1664; chil. Benjamin, 
b. 13 October, 1666; Margaret, b. 4 Feb. 1668; Joseph, b. 21 Dec. 
1670 ; Mary, b. 3 May, 1673 ; Consider, 21 Nov. 1675. 

John Moses, [Simsbury] m. Mary Brown, 18 May, 1653 ; chil. John, 
b. 15 June, 1054; William, b. 1 Sept. 1655; Thomas, b. 19 Feb. 1658 
Mary, b. 2 Dec. 1661 ; Sary, b. 2 Feb. 1662 ; Margaret, b. 2 Dec. 1666 
Timothy, b. Feb. 1670 ; Martha, b. 3 March, 1672 ; Mindwell, b. 13 Dec 
1676. 

Andrew Moore, [lived in Simsbury] m. Sara Phelps, Feb. ; chil 
Sara, b. Dec. 167-; Andrew, b. 15 Feb. 1674; Debora, b. 31 May, 1677 
Jonathan, b. 26 Feb. 1679. 

Thomas Maskel, [Simsbury,] m. Bethia Parsons, 10 May, 1660 
chil. Bethia, b. 6 March, 1660; Thomas, b. 19 March, 1661; Abigayl, b 
27 Nov. 1663 ; Thomas, b. 2 Jan. 1665 ; John, b. 19 Nov. 1667 ; Elisa- 
beth, b. 19 Oct. 1669. He d. 1671. 

SniON IMiLLER, [or Mills] m. Mary Buell, 23 Feb. 1660 ; Samuel, and 
Simon, twins, b. 23 April, 1661 ; Simon, bap. 11 May 1679 ; Mary, b. 8 
Dec. 1662; Simon b. 1 May, 1667; John, b. 2 June, 1668 ; Sara, b. 16 
Sept. 1670. 

11* 



230 Record of Windsor^ Ct. [April, 

Benjamin Newbery, m. Mary AUyn 11 June, IGIG ; cliil. Mary, b. 

10 March, 1G47 ; Sara, b. 14 June, 16;")0 ; Ilanna, b. 22 Dec. 1G52 ; Re- 
beca, b. 2 May, 1G55 ; Thomas, b. 1 Sept. 1057 ; Abigayl b. 14 March, 
16o9 ; Margaret, b. 23 Oct. IGGO ; Benjamin, b. 20 April, 1GG7 ; Ilanna, 
b. 1 July, 1G73. 

JosiAS OiiTON, m Margaret Pratt, June, 1641 ; chil. John, b. 17 Feb. 
1647 ; Mary, b. 16 May, 1650 ; Sara, b. 22 Aug. 1652 ; Elizabeth, b. 1 
Oct. 1654. 

John Owen, [Simsbury,] m. Rebeca Wade, 3 Oct. 1650 ; Josias. b. 8 
Sept. 1651 ; John, b. 5 Nov. 1G52 ; John, b. 23 April, 1654; Nathaniel, 
b. 9 April, 1656 ; Daniel, b. 28 March, 1658 ; Joseph, b. 23 Oct. 1660 ; 
Mary, 5 Dec, 1662 ; Benjamin, b. 20 Sept. 1664; Rebecca, b. 28 March, 
1666; Obedia, b. 12 Dec. 1662 ; Isack, b. 27 May, 1670 ; John Owen d. 
in Windsor, 1 Feb. 1698 £8 76. 

RoBARD OuLD, m. Susanna Hosford, — Dec. ; chil. Robard b. 9 

Oct. 1670; Jonathan, b. 4 Jan. 1672. 

John Osborn, m. Ann Ouldag, 19 May, 1645 ; cbil. John, b. 10 Jan. 
1645 ; Ann, b. 15 Jan. 1647 ; Nathaniel, b. 10 March, 1649 ; Samuel, b. 
25 July, 1652; Mary,b. 16 April, 1655; Hanna, b. 18 Dec. 1657; Sam- 
uel, b. 8 May, 1668 ; Isack, b. 28 Sept. 1664 ; Sara, b. 8 Feb. 1666 ; Es- 
ther, b. 9 Aug. 1662. 

John Osbon, junr. m. Abigail Egelston, 14 Oct. 1669 ; chil. Abigail, 
b. 2 March, 1671 ; Mindwell, b. 2 Jan. 1673 ; Ann, b. Jan. 1675 ; Mary, 
b. Jan. 1677. 

JosiAH Owen, [Simsbury] m. Mary Osborn, 22 Oct. 1674 ; chil. Jo- 
sias, b. 6 June, 1675 ; Isack, b. 4 June, 1678 ; Mary, b. 15 Feb. 1679. 

OuLD Mr. William Phelps, [Simsbury] m. in England. He d. 14 
July, 1672, and his widow 27 Nov. 1675 ; chil. AVilliam, Samuel, Nathan- 
iel, and Joseph, b. in England ; Timothy, b. in Windsor, Aug. 1639 ; Ma- 
ry, b. in Windsor, March, 1644, m. Thomas Barber. His son William 
Phelps m. Isabel Wilson, 4 June, 1646; "now since twenty-nine years, 
and has not a child, 15 July, 1674." After her death he m. 20 Dec. 1676, 
Sarah daughter of Humphrey Pinney. , 

Samuel Phelps, [vSimsbury] m. Sara Griswold, 10 Nov. 1650; chil. 
Samuel, bap. 5 Sept. 1652 ; Timothy, b. Oct. 1656, m. Sarah Gaylord, 18 
Nov. 1680, for his 2d wife he m. Sarah Pratt, 13 Nov. 1690 ; he d. 1712 ; 
Sara, b. March, 1653, m. John Mansfield, 13 Dec. 1683; Mary b. Oct. 
1658 ; William, b. 3 Nov. 1660, m. Hannah Ilayden, 4 Jan. 1693 ; John, b. 
7 July, 1662, d. without issue ; Ephraim, b. 1 Nov. 1663, m. Mary Joggers, 

11 May 1691, d. 1697; Abigayl, b. 16 May, 1666; Josias, b. 15 Dec. 
1667, m. Sarah Winchell, 26 April, 1690. Samuel Phelps died 15 May, 
1669. 

Nathaniel Phelps, [Simsbury,] m. Elizabeth Copley, 17 Sept. 1650, 
removed to Northampton, and d. there ; chil. JVlary, b. 21 June, 1651 ; Na- 
thaniel, 2 April, 1653 ; Abigayl, b. 5 April, 1655 ; William, b. 22 June, 
1657, [in Northampton.] 

Timothy Phelps, [Simsbury] m. Mary Griswold, 19 May, 1661, d. 
1719 ; Timothy, b. 1 Nov. 1663, m. INIartha Crow, 4 Nov. 1686, d. 1689 ; 
Joseph, b. 27 Sept. 1666, m. Sarah Hosford, 18 Nov. 1686, d. 1716; Wil- 
liam, b. 4 Feb. 1668 ; Cornelius b. 26 April, 1671 ; Mary, b. 14 Aug. 1673, 
d. 23 March, 1690 ; Samuel, b. 29 Jan. 1675 ; Nathaniel, b. 7 Jan. 1677 ; 
Sara, b. 27 Dec. 1679, d. without issue; Abigail, b. 5 June, 1682; Han- 
nali, b. 4 Aug. 1684 ; Ann, b. 2 Oct. 1686 ; Martha, b. 12 Nov. 1688. 

[2# le contmued.l 



1851.] Memoir of Hugh Peters. 231 



MEMOIR OF HUGH PETERS. 

BY JOSEPH B. FELT. 
[ Continued from the last Historical and Genealogical Register.] 

This was the persuasion of Peters, however it crossed his strong 
and habitual benevolence. Of his own parishioners, several were 
among the remonstrants in favor of Wheelwright, who were all 
disarmed, lest they might re-enact the scenes of violence, commit- 
ted by the Anabaptists in Germany. 

As a trust of prime importance to the literary and religious 
interests of an infant colony, Peters is elected a member of the 
Overseers of the College. 

At the same session, he enjoyed the high satisfaction of know- 
ing, that the Legislature granted to Joan Ames, the worthy relict 
of his colleague in Rotterdam, Dr. Ames, <£40. Thus generously 
dealing, they mention her deceased husband, as " of famous 
memory." She, having come over with her children and his 
valuable library, had been granted land at Salem, and received as 
a member of the church there. Such beneficence was most pro- 
bably manifested through the kind regard and exertion of Peters, 
who was the sincere friend of Ames and his family. His attach- 
ments were far from being the mere " shade, that follows wealth 
and fame," and leaves the afflicted without consolation. 

1638. About this time, he visits the portion of his flock at 
Enon, afterwards Wenham. He favors them and their neigh- 
bors with one of his pithy and pertinent discourses. The spot, 
then selected for his stand, was the top of a beautiful hill, near 
what was recently the stage road and the margin of the spacious 
pond. His text, according to his frequent custom, is strikingly 
suited to the localities of the situation. It is, " In Enon, near to 
Salim, because there was much water there." The eminence, so 
used as a natural pulpit, still bears the surname of this distin- 
guished divine. Like most mementoes of human actions, it is 
gradually diminished before the inroads of inventive convenience. 
What strange occurrences time brings to pass ! Near the very 
place, where Peters made his dying speech on the scaffold, there 
may be now seen, in the proper season, advertisements of " Wen- 
ham Lake-Ice for sale." 

Among the several conferences, between Peters, his Elder, and 
other brethren, and the followers of Williams, who separated from 
the Salem Church, was one with Francis Weston. This person, 
who intelligently and ingeniously sustained his cause, presented 
the subsequent complaints. That he was not tolerated in asking 
questions in time of public worship, on the Lord's day, without 
the imputation of pride and self-sufficiency. That the Church 
communed with Mr. Lathrop's Church, who did the same in rela- 
tion to the Church of England, and, therefore, the first of these 
bodies was alike chargeable with the second of them. That 



232 Memoir of Hugh Peters. [April, 

Peters had publicly remarked, with respect to the separatists, that 
it was " better to part, than to live contentiously." He replied, 
that it was true, but he meant that such an act should be " in a 
way of Christ." That the wife (1) of Peters and others, who 
came from Rotterdam after he did, had been received as members 
of his church at Salem, though by an unintentional omission, 
they brought no letters of recommendation. However he had 
spoken in their behalf, and was the principal means of their 
acceptance, yet, to meet the wish of objectors, he agrees with the 
majority, to send thither for such testimonials. This controversy 
favors us with the fact, that his first w4fe emigrated hither to aid 
him in the great work, to which he had consecrated his time and 
energies. On these occasions he prominently exhibited a disposi- 
tion of candor and kindness. He granted the accused a fair 
opportunity to vindicate themselves in truth and righteousness. 
With him, it was neither principle nor practice, that might was 
always right. 

March 12. Again is Peters placed by the Government on a 
committee for compiling a code of laws. 

April 12. With the other churches, his own solemnly keep a 
fast day for divine deliverance from the threatening evil of a Gen- 
eral Governor for the Colonies, and the consequent dissolution of 
their charter privileges, and the loss of all their religious freedom, 
for which they had prayed, toiled, and suffered. This was em- 
phatically a time of trial for him and the founders of the Com- 
monwealth, who were in imminent peril of being brought under 
the power of the dominant party in England, from w^iich they had 
fled. Sooner than give up their present liberties, they felt them- 
selves sacredly bound to resist the forces, which they expected 
would be sent over to impose upon them, the dreaded yoke of 
hierarchy. 

November 12. As an encouragement for the unwearied pains 
of Peters to advance theirs, as well as the country's best good, the 
proprietors, among whom he dwelt, grant him 230 acres of 
land, (2) in addition to 50 more at the head of Forest River the 
previous year, part of which bears his name to this day. 

Dec. 6. He attends the execution of Dorothy Talby, one of his 
parish, in Boston. Under a false impression, that she had been 
commanded from heaven, to kill her husband, children and herself, 
she tried to fulfil it, but only succeeded to take the life of one 
among the children. He cautioned the spectators against the 
pernicious effects of compliance with imaginary revelations. 

1639, May 22. As he was favorably known in Holland, the 

(1) There was an Anne Peters, who took up her relation from the Salem Church 
and united with the Boston Church about 1631. 

(2) He had a lot, "over against the meeting house on the north side," in Salem. 
His agent sold a quarter of an acre of ii for 40s. in 1652. It is likely, that his house 
stood on or near the spot so purchased. Peters, in his history of Connecticut, says, that 
his relative, Hugh, had the yard before such dwelling, paved with flint stones from 
England, and a well, surrounded with similar pavement, for the accommodation of all 
who wished for water there. 



1851.] Memoir of Hugh Peters. 233 

Generel Court request him to send thither, in their behalf, for 
of a supply of match (1) and saltpetre. They vote him 500 acres 
of land for his public services. 

June 25. With respect to his domestic affairs, he had an Indian 
servant, called Hope, (2) probably one of the Pequod captives. 
This person is brought to our notice in a way, unfavorable to his 
character. A Court record informs us, that, for intemperance and 
running away, he was sentenced to be whipped. The employ- 
ment of such natives in families, was anciently common in New 
England. 

July 1. By the vote of his church, and in accordance with regu- 
lar usage, he notifies the Dorchester church, that Roger Williams 
and others, who had been members of the former, and had failed 
to make concessions, requisite for the continuance of such a rela- 
tion, had been excommunicated. While deeply regretting the 
causes which terminated in the exclusion of those, who settled 
Providence, he could no longer omit such a custom and still har- 
monize with the ecclesiastical order of the Colony. 

1640, Jan. 2. Before this date, Peters had been called to taste 
the bitterest sorrows in the death of his first wife, to whom he was 
strongly attached, and of whom he made honorable mention. 
She, like many a noble sister of humanity, made large sacri- 
fices for the rich heritage, which we enjoy. Though for her and 
their dust. 

No " frail memorial, still erected nigh, 
Implores the passing tribute of a sigh," 

still it will awake and assume its spiritual forms, which will 
rejoice in the endless smile of approving Deity. He had recently 
married Mrs. Deliverance Sheffield, a member of the Boston 
Church, (3) who is now dismissed to the Salem Church. He 
was soon bereaved of the enjoyment in her society, which he had 
anticipated, by her being deprived of reason. He was called to 
endure so deep a calamity for twenty years, to the tragic close of 
his life. 

March 18. He receives an intelligent and talented colleague 
in the person of Edward Norris, to share with him the responsi- 
bilities of the clerical calling. 

Nov. He attends the formation of a Church at Lynn, com- 
posed of individuals who had emigrated thence and settled on 
Long Island On the same occasion, he takes part in the ordina- 
tion of Abraham Pierson, as their guide in the spread of Gospel 
knowledge and influences. 

1641, Feb. 2. As emigration to this country had much dimin- 
ished, from the greater enjoyment of freedom in England, and 
shipping was needed to carry on the colonial trade, Peters, " a man 



(1 ) This article was generally used with muskets, instead of flints. 

(2) An Indian of this name, a slave of Edward Wii 
f an agent to John Mainford, of Barbadoes, Jan. 12, 1 

(3) She joined the Boston Church, March 10, 1639. 



(2) An Indian of this name, a slave of Edward Winslow, of Plymouth, was sold 
by an agent to John Mainford, of Barbadoes, Jan. 12, 1648. 



234 Memoir of Hugh Peters, [April, 

of a very public spirit and singular activity for all occasions," as 
Wintlirop observes, stirs up his people to have a ship built of 300 
tons. The inhabitants of Boston were stimulated by this exam- 
ple, to do likewise, though their vessel was of less tonnage. 

The friends of New England, who were in the mother country, 
sent over advice, that agents should be dispatched thither to notice 
the national movements, and embrace opportunities to obtain the 
favor of Parliament in behalf of the colonists. A prominent 
motive for such a proposal, was, that advocates here, experimen- 
tally acquainted with the Congregational polity, might help there 
to counteract the powerful influence of the Presbyterians. The 
Assistants, having consulted with several of the Elders, proposed 
Weld, of Roxbury, Hibbens, of Boston, and Peters, of Salem, for 
so important an embassy. The Governor, nearly all the magis- 
trates, and some of the Elders wrote, and desired the society of 
the last town, to relinquish the services of their minister, desig- 
nated for such a trust. Endicott, one of his principal parishioners, 
argued against the request, but Humphrey, another, took opposite 
ground. The answer of his people was, that the severance of his 
connection with them, even for a limited period, was a greater 
sacrifice, than they felt themselves bound to make. Winthrop 
relates, that the main cause of such a response, was their fear, 
lest Peters should be detained in England, or diverted to the 
West Indies, whither Humphrey expected to go under the auspices 
of Lord Say and his associates. 

April. For the purpose of effecting a reconciliation between 
the adherents of Hanserd Knolles, on the one part, and those of 
Thomas Larkham, on the other, both clergymen, at Piscataqua, 
Peters went thither in company with Simon Bradstreet and Rev. 
Timothy Dalton. They successfully performed their errand and 
experienced the blessedness of peace-makers. In attempting to 
visit Accomenticus, Peters and Dalton, with two others, lost their 
course and wandered two days and a night, destitute of food, in 
wet and snow. Thus imperiled, they were nigh perishing, but a 
kind Providence heard their cry, and gave them deliverance. Lech- 
ford states, that Peters " went a second time for appeasing the 
same difference and had a commission from the Governor under 
his hand and public seal to bring the case before the Court of 
Justices there, whose descision was adverse to Knolles and his 
supporters." 

June 2. The Legislature renew their application for filling the 
number of their commissioners to London. Their address is, 
" The Court doth entreat leave of the Church of Salem for Mr. 
Peters to go for England." So pressed again on this subject, they 
denied their own wishes for the sake of the greater benefit of the 
Commonwealth, and very reluctantly gave up the teachings and 
society of their pastor. 

July 27. About to comply with this pressing call, he empowers 
his worthy deacons, Goft and Horn, as follows: " If the Lord 
continue my life, then I hereby do authorize them to do all my 
aflairs, as if myself were present, as in looking into my house, to 



1851.] Memoir of Hugh Peters. 235 

dispose of my ground, mill, and other things, as in wisdom they 
shall see meet." Such a needful act of prudence, no doubt, 
brought over his spirit its usual associations of sadness, lest the 
places, on which he had often looked, as familiar acquaintances, 
might soon cease forever to feel the pressure of his feet and to meet 
the greeting of his eyes. 

Aug. 3. Having prepared for his voyage, depressed at the 
thought of separating from a beloved flock, but sustained with the 
promises of discharged obligation, Peters and his two colleagues 
depart, on their important embassy, by the way of Newfound- 
land. Their instructions are to congratulate Parliament on their 
success ; to petition them for a repeal of impost, but not to receive 
privileges from them so as to commit the Colony, as an ally, in 
any event. This, of course, had reference to the doubtful issue of 
the contest, between the Royalists and the Reformers of govern- 
ment. The Agents were, also, desired to inform the creditors of 
our merchants, that a reason, why they had delayed to forward 
payment for goods, was the embarrassment of their trade. 

Embarked on an enterprise of great uncertainty as well as re- 
sponsibility, Peters had ground to expect, that, if spared to tread 
once more on the soil of his native land, the aspect of its civil and 
ecclesiastical concerns, would strike him very dift'erently from what 
it was when he last bade it farewell. Prior to his leaving New 
England, he had learned that Parliament were " set upon a gene- 
ral reformation of Church and State ; " that Bishop Laud and the 
chief supporters of his policy, were imprisoned, and, that, however 
the Presbyterians, especially the Covenanters of Scotland, held 
great sway, and were strenuous for adopting their form of religion, 
as the national standard, yet there was hope for Independency 
and the opportunity for its advancement should be seasonably 
improved. Hence the cause, on which his heart was set, and for 
which he had made many sacrifices of personal promotion, con- 
venience, and comfort, had assumed an encouraging appearance 
and urged him onward to the kingdom, where exertions for its 
ascendancy could be most hopefully made. 

Having reached Newfoundland, he and his colleagues were dis- 
appointed in not securing a passage so soon as they anticipated. 
But Weld and himself did not suffer the days of their detention, 
to pass away without useful employment. " They preached to 
the seamen of the Island, who were much affected with the word 
taught, and entertained them with all courtesy." They wisely 
believed, that beneficence done to fellow beings in obscurity, 
would stand as fair for them in their final account, as though it 
had been performed in the grandest metropolis of earth. The 
question with the Great I Am, is not where his will is obeyed, 
but how. 

Oct. 10. After the news that Peters and his associates were 
thus on the way to their father-land, a commission (I) is made 

(1) If this document reached Peters amid the troublous scenes of England, it camo 
to his hands, as from the Coionv of Connecticut, and not from the distinct company of 
Hartford, who had purchased lands for their particular use, where the Dutch had 



236 Memoir of Hugh Peters. [April, 

out for him personally. It was signed by Haynes and Winthrop, 
the former Governor of Connecticut, and the latter, sustaining a 
like office in Massachusetts. Its object was described, as follows : 
" Whereas the bearer, Mr. Hugh Peters, minister of Balem, is sent 
at the public request to England, to negotiate with the present 
Parliament there about such matters as concern us, which we con- 
fide to his care and fidelity, this is to authorize him, if occasion 
permit him to go to the Netherlands, to treat with the West India 
Company there, concerning a peaceable neighborhood between us 
and those of New Netherlands, and whatever he shall further think 
proper touching the West Indies." Then several propositions 
were subjoined, which contain fair offers for the territory on Con- 
necticut River, held and claimed by the Dutch authorities of 
New Netherlands, and a continual source of perilous controversy 
between them and the English in that vicinity. A reason why 
Winthrop took part in the matter, was, that Massachusetts exer- 
cised jurisdiction over some of the land, conquered from the 
Pequods, and in the quarter liable to aggressions from the Dutch 
of Manhattan. The intrusting of so important a negotiation to 
Peters, was a compliment to his integrity and intelligence, as well 
as to his love for New England. 

1642. Having reached London, the location of his former and 
abundant popularity and usefulness, and, also, of persecution for 
non-conformity, Peters attended to the. calls of his mission so far, 
as circumstances allowed. Subsequently reverting to this perioc 
of his eventful life, he thus expressed himself. I continued in 
Massachusetts, " till sent hither by the Plantation to mediate 
ease in customs and excise, the country being poor, and a tender 
plant of their own setting;" and to obtain "some supplies for 
learning, etc., because I had been witness to the Indians, receiv- 
ing the Gospel there, in faith and practice. I had nothing to 
support me, but the Parliament's promise. Not being able, in a 
short time, to compass my errand, I studied with a constant pur- 
pose of returning. I found the nation embroiled in troubles and 
war ; the preaching was. Curse ye Meroz, from Scotland to Eng- 
land ; the best ministers going into the field, in which, without 
urging, I was embarked in time." On his trial, he was represented 
by one of the witnesses, as having told him, that the main object 
of his re-visiting England, was to advance the revolution and 
reformation. This statement was probably an inference from the 
conversation, on which it was predicated. True, it was in accor- 
dance with the principles and wishes of himself, as well as of the 
authorities, who sent him over. Both he and they knew, that if 
the struggle for the permanent correction of the national govern- 
ment, as it had lately been, should fail, the civil and ecclesiastical 
liberties of the Puritan Colonies, would be destroyed. Hence, it 

claims and a trading establishment near the same town, a chief cause of the difficulties 
which existed. ^Jot making- sucli a distinction, ()"Callo<j:han in his valnal)le history of 
Kew Netherlands, which contains the Commission, ]). 235. says, tiiat Winthrop v. 2., p. 
32, errs in asserting, that Peters did not receive a Commission from Hartford, when 
in fact, lie was correct. The same is true as to the criticism on Hubbard. 



1851.] Memoir of HagJi Peters. 237 

was not strange, that he and they, while regarding their own 
cause as just, should desire and act, as opportunity presented 
for the defeat of its avowed and hostile antagonist. The Inde- 
pendents, with whom he became connected, were soon convinced, 
that, having drawn the sword against Royalty, it would be con- 
sistent for them to throw away the scabbard. Still, when he 
embarked for the metropolis of his native land, all was uncertain 
as to the issue of the contest, and it is likely, that the most he and 
the Colonial Rulers expected, was a greater restraint to the power 
of the Crown and the security of larger freedom to its subjects. 
To this extent, he was probably disposed to be understood, when 
speaking of the silent intention of his embassy, in connection 
with its expressed instructions. Such an acknowledgement was 
treason in the view of the Cavaliers, but patriotism in that of the 
Roundheads. 

August. Some fruits of the industrious and benevolent activity 
of Peters and his associates, reach Boston. They were a needed 
supply of linen, woollen, and other goods, to the amount of X500, 
which were contributed by friends to this country. Through the 
endeavors of such Agents, Richard Andrews, of London, renewed 
his generous intercourse with our fathers, by presenting to them 
a claim of his for X500, for the use of their poor, on the Company 
of Plymouth. Near this time, they also obtained X150 from 
Lady Moulson and other donations from the liberally inclined, 
for the benefit of the College. 

September. Letters had been received from Puritan members 
of both houses of Parliament, for Cotton, Davenport, and Hooker 
to visit England and attend the Synod, appointed there, to con- 
sider and advise about Church Government. The aid of these 
Divines was particularly desired and needed, because they had 
practical acquaintance with religious Independency, which was 
comparatively at a low ebb there, while Presbyterianism continu- 
ed at full flood. While the subject of ecclesiastical polity was 
generally regarded by the Kingdom as of great importance, seeing 
that Hierarchy had been suppressed, a communication came 
from Peters and Weld, advising, that the visit of such ministers 
be suspended, because a rupture had taken place between the 
King and Parliament. They were hearkened to and thus for this 
and other reasons, they had not these valuable assistants to help 
them contend for their Platform of Congregational Order, in 
Westminster Assembly. 

Hibbens who had taken leave of Peters and Weld, arrived at 
Boston, and in compliance with the custom, publicly related be- 
fore the Church the events of his agency. 

Referring to an audience with his Majesty, near this date, 
Peters observed, " I had access to the King about my New Eng- 
land business. He used me civilly." 

In the latter part of the current year, Peters had an invitation 

to visit Ireland, then in rebellion, as a chaplain in the Parlimen- 

tary service for the defence of the Kingdom and of the Protestant 

religion. Preparations for such an expedition, according to Rush- 

12 



238 3Iemoir of Hugh Peters. [April, 

worth, were making in London on the 3d of November. In 
a relation of the occurrence to his daughter, Peters remarks, 
" Most of your London, godly ministers, being engaged in 
person, purse, and preaching in the trouble. I had the pay of 
a preacher." As an addition to this, his last publication has the 
passage, " My first work was, with the first, to go for Ireland, 
which I did with many hazards ; then I was at sea, with my old 
patron, the Earl of Warwick, to whom I owed my life." Employ- 
ed amid scenes of peril and misery, which ever accompany civil 
war, his heart often ached and his wish was to afford relief to the 
distressed. 

1643, Jan 30. An ordinance is issued by Parliament for "loans 
and contributions for Ireland, as well from the United Provinces, as 
from England and Wales." The document begins, " Whereas 
the gasping condition of the Protestants in Ireland is too much 
manifest, their estates devoured, their lives daily sacrificed, not only 
to the malice of their and our bloody enemies, the Popish Rebels, 
but, also, to the more unavoidable executioners, starving, cold, 
and hunger, their sorrows hardly to be equalled, nor their utter 
destruction possible to be prevented, but by the gi'eat and unde- 
served mercy of God, upon some speedy supply of their gi'evious 
necessities." With such an appeal before him, whose sad reali- 
ties he had seen with his own eyes, followed with an application 
for his labor to give it effect, Peters needed no solicitation. His 
generous impulses far outstript his swiftest facilities of travel. He 
hastened to Holland, the sphere of his former usefulness and 
respectability, to obtain help for multitudes of such sufferers. 
Through his eloquence and activity, he collected nearly £30,000. 
With so noble a contribution from the friends of the Reformation, 
he went back to the field of his toils, and assisted in distributing 
it among the needy, for whom he so magnanimously acted the 
part of a good Samaritan. After this distinguished compliance with 
the calls of philanthropy and religion, he returned to England. 

O'Callaghan relates, from credible authorities, that, while 
Peters was on such a mission of charity, his preaching, in several 
cities of Holland, was unfavorable to the cause of Charles L, and 
that, in Amsterdam, he charged him with encouraging the Irish 
Romanists in rebellion, against the Parliament, and in their con- 
sequent cruelties upon their Protestant countrymen. He further 
states, that such a representation so deeply aflected his audiences, 
" crowds of women gave their wedding rings " to relieve the many 
thus distressed. Boswell, the English embassador, being then in 
the Netherlands, complained of speeches, so made by Peters, to 
the Government, who showed far more favor to the Republican 
preacher, than to the loyal statesman. 

March 10. As a prominent object of Peters mission to 
London, the Parliament release New England from all duties on 
imports and exports to and from the mother country, which were 
for the home consumption of the colonists. Such compliance with 
his wish, for the benefit of his friends here, must have yielded him 
'' the heart-felt joy." 

[To be continued.] 



1851.] Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County, Ms, 239 

ABSTRACTS OF THE EARLIEST WILLS UPON RECORD 
IN THE COUNTY OF SUFFOLK, MASS. 

[Continued from page 288, vol. iv.] 

Henry Plimpton. 

Mr. Hibbtns, Mr. Glouer S^ Recorder, did graunt power to Administracon 
to ye estate of Henry Pimpfon of Boston to Ricliaid Waight on ye behalf 
of ye creditors and friends of ye deceased ptie [l)arty] and order tliat he 
bring in an Inuentory of ye estate to ye next County Court. 

DoROTiiiE King, 

Wife of John King of Waymouth, seaman, will made ye 14tli day, 4 
mo., 1652. — To dan. Sarah limit, all my wooden moveables, w*^'' were 
mine before I married with my now husband, John King, as also one bed 
with ye furniture, also one piece of stuffe for a suite {)'"ped [j)repared] by 
her owne father for her, w"' my haire couler water chamlett gowne. The 
charge and care of the oversight of her I comitt to Mr. Thomas Thatcher^ 
Mr. Richard Collicott and John Kinsley of Dorchester, to dispose of her 
and her estate for her best advantage. 

To dau. Ruth Barker the rest of my wearing cloathes, w*^ y^ greater 
half of my larger linen, ye lesser half being reserved for my dau. Sarah ; 
also to dau. Ruth one bed w*^ ye furniture ; to dau. Susanna Heath one 
little Hockebed. 

My husband John King to be saued harmless from all his debte and dis- 
burstments laid out of any other way, it being answered out of my })ticular 
estate ; — That my sonne Joseph Barker be my executor, wholly and sole- 
ly, to whom I give the rest of my estate w*** any right in Thomas Perri- 
man my seruant. In case Ephraim Hunt shall sue my sonne Joseph as 
executor, and recover any thing of him for disbursements to myselfe, that 
then it shall arise equally upon y*' whole estate, as well legacies as else. 

I entreat Mr. Thomas Thatcher, Mr. RicKd Oollicott and my husband 
to be overseers. her 

Witnes to this will Wllm Tompson Dorothy X Kinge 

Jone Smyth '^■''^^ 

Taken upon oath 21st day 8 mo. 1652 by Wllm Tompson. Proved 
17th November, 1652, at a Countie court before me John Glouer, 

At a Counte courte, 21st of y^ 7*^ 8 month, 1652. 

Elwd Rawson, Recorder, 

At a Countie Court held at Boston, 18 : 9 : 1652, power of administra- 
con to the estate of Enoch Hunt, late of Waymouth deceased not yet ad- 
ministred, is granted to Ephrim Hunt his sonne. 

Edw'd Rawson Recorder. 



William Blanchard. 

The 27th of y^ 7 mo. 1652. William Blanchard of Boston, taylor 
being sicke : — To Hannah my wife the third pt of my estate, debts being 
paid, also all my household goods, paying vnto John my sonne XX Is out 
of it when he shall accomplishe the age of 20 yeai-s, and temie i)ounds to 
my dau. Hanna when 18. John to have a double portion, and dau. Han- 
nah half so much of ye rest of my estate ; and if either dye befoie accom- 
plishing their ages aboue said, the survivor shall have half of its porcon, 
and wife y^ other half. Brother John my best Cloake ; sister Garlicks chil- 



240 Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County^ Ms. [April, 

drcn pliall luiue 40 s a peeco. Isly deure and loving mother, Anne Blan- 
cJiard to liaue the lleyl'ore that is in the liands of Richard Barnes ; and if 
an adventure made by Capt. Henfield come well from Engl, that she to 
have a suit of the best cloth of y^ To my father-in-law, Bverrills three 
children, 20 s. apeice ; and loving wife Hannah the benefit of my ser- 
vants towards the bring vpp of my children. "Wife Hannah my sole 
executrix. I do intreate Mr. James Penne, Mr. Edward Tinge, and 
my loving father-in-law, lames Everill to be ouerseers. And haue pub- 
lished this my last will in y*^ prence of y* said lames Everill, lohn Barrell 
and Nathanidl Soivther, the day and yere aboue said. It was farther 
added that his said ouerseers should haue 5 s. apeice for their paines. 

In presence vs Willm Blan chard. 

James Ev err ell 

John Barrell 

Natha: Sowther 

Proved by the deposition of Sowther Sf Everill before ye County Court 
18 Novr. 1652. Edwd. Bawson, Record. 



Barnard Capen. 

Octo. 9tli 1G38. Sonne John five acres of land out of my great lott, 
next adioyning to his lott y^ which he is to possess immediately after my 
decease, w*^^ is to fulfill a promise made at his marriage. To wife all such 
lands and goods as I now possess during her life. And when it shall 
appear her dayes drawe to an end, that she w**^ ye rest of my friends 
wiiom I put in trust, to divide theis lands and goods to my children equal- 
ly. If she change her name by marriage with another man, then she 
shall, w**^ y® aduise of those my friends give porcons equally to my chil- 
dren. 

Now theis my friends m'^ I put in trust, to see theis things done accord- 
ing to my will are Mr. Minit the elder, my brother Dyer & Willm Sum- 
ner, & George Dger & Will Sumner deposed before County Court, IDth 
November, 1652, that this was the last will of Bernard Capen. 

Edwd Bawson, Record. 

John Capen deposed before y® County Court, 19th November, 1652, 
that the tyme when his ffather made the will was in y^ yere 1638.- 

Per Edwd Bawson, Reed. 



John Cotton. 

I John Cotton of Boston in New England, do make and declare this my 
last will and Testament. First, my soule w^'^ God hath chosen and re- 
deemed, my body to be committed to the earth till y'' day of resurrection 
of y® just. The outward estate which God hath giuen me, as it is y® will 
of God, so my will is. Out of it my debts be first paid, then my M'ife and 
children should Hue of y^ rest. And because y^ small part of my house, 
w^^ S"" Henry Vane built, whilst he sojourned with me, he by a deed gave 
it (at his de[)arture) to my sonne Seaborne, I doe y'fore leave it unto him 
as his by right, and together y'^with liberty of comonage with his mother 
in y* south garden, w'"'' lyeth vnder it ; he carrying himself, (as I hope he 
will) respectively and obediently to his mother. ]\Iy books I estimate to 
y'^ value of 1501. (though they cost me much more) and because they arc 
of vse only to my two sonnes. Seaborne & Jolni, therefore I giue them 
unto them both, to be devided by equal portions ; and what is wanting in 
their worth of 2001. to be supplyed to y'" out of my other goods. The 
like portion of an 1001. apiece I give to my two daughters, Elizabeth & 



1851.] Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County, Ms, 241 

Mary, to be paid unto y™ by tbeir mother, at 21 yrs. of age, or at day of 
marriage. And because God hath called me to expend y^ moneyes I have 
received, so y' I leave my wife little or noe ready money at all, y^re for 
y® discharge of my debts, legacies and portions, I give vnto her, my well- 
beloued wife, first all rents of hir house & garden in y*^ market place of 
Boston, in Lincolnshire, w*^^ are myne by right of marriage with her dur- 
ing my life. — I giue unto hir what moneyes were left in my brother 
Coneyes hand, and are now in y® vse of my sister Mary Coney his wife, or 
my cosigne John Coney their sonne, so far as any psell y^'of remayneth in 
their hand. — I giue vnto her ye dwelling house wherein I now live, with 
all the plate, goods, and furniture, in every roome in y^ house, together 
with all y® barnes, edifices, gardens, backsides and fences w^^ lye about y* 
same, y* is, y® goods plate and furniture, for her owne prper vse, during 
her naturall life, also my farme at Muddy River, with y^ building thereon, 
and y^ stocke, for y^ better education of my children, as by name my 
Sonne John at Cambridge, and for her owne maintenance. Should my 
wife dye before my children, my estate to be divided amg my child", my 
eldest Sonne Seaborne to have a double portion, and my yonger child", 
equall single pertions. But if it shall please y^ Lord to take my wife & 
children by death, without heires descending fro me, or if they shall trans- 
plant y"'selves from hence into Old England, then my will is (& I trust 
acceptable to y^ will of God) and I do hereby bequeath and devise my 
ffarme and grounds at Muddy River, by two equall moityes, the one moi- 
tye to Harvard Colledge at Cambridge for y® vse of y^ Colledge foreuer, 
& y* other moity to ye® Deacons of y*^ church at Boston, towards y® main- 
tenance of y® free schoole in Boston foreuer. I give to my cosigne Henry 
Smith, whilst he liveth with my wife, (for an acknowledgement of his 
former seruice & an encouragement to be farther helpeful and seruiceable 
to her) his dyet and lodgeing with such apparell of myne as my wife shall see 
meete ; also 20^ worth, in cattle or goods, to be kept for him at the farme. 
To my cosigne John Angier, with his wife and child (who now live in my 
house) y® sume of 10/, over and above what moneyes I have laid out for 
him formerly. To my kinswoman Martha Mellowes, flue marks. To 
Elizabeth Clarke my maide XX s. The rest of my goods and chattells to 
my deare wife Sara Cotton, whom I make sole exutrix. 

This 30th of 9 : 1652 By me John Cotton. 

Witnes James Pen. 

For a shdule 1 give to the church of Boston a silver tunn to be vsed 
amongst the other comvnion plate. To my grand child Betly Day, my 
seconde silver wine boule. 

This 12 : 10 mo. 1652 By me John Cotton. 

In witness James Penn, 

Jno. Leverett, Proved by the oaths of Mr James 

Wm. Davis. Penn & Mr. William Davis, be- 

Nathaniel Williams. fore the County Court, this 27 

January, 1652 [1653] 

[In the Will of Daniel Maud of Dover, N. H., dated 17th llmo. 1654, 
and proved 26 June, 1655, are some interesting facts connected with the 
present subject — " my body to be layd in the place of ordinary burial! 
near to my last wife " — " what few books I have I leave [to my succes- 
sor] for the use and benefit of such a one as may be fit to have improve- 
ment, especially of those in the Hebrew tongue ; but in case such a one 
be not had, to let them go to som of the next congregation as York or 
Hampton ; except one boke titled " Dei [illegible'] y/''^ I woul have left 
12* 



242 Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County, Ms. [April, 

for Cambridge library, and my little Hebrew bible for Mr. Brock " — 
" And of my wifes 4 children, seeing I received some of her debts since 
my marriage, of about 11 /, to have, (if my estate will reach) to the value 
of 20 ackers" — '' my best outward receiving coate to Mr. Pemhleton, & 
14 s. to Mr. Ciitts ; IO5 [due] to George Walton \v^ Tko : Beard is io 
pay ; 4s to goodwife Tucke of Hampton \_Joajina wife of Robert Tucke^ 
who d. 4 Feb. 1673] & 20s to one George Feild [who was] dwelling in 
Boston, but was removed as was sayd, to Sudbury, w^ I owed him for som 
conveighance of som comoditos hither fro Boston. Something I am in- 
debted Mr. Newgate — bout 7s to Mr. [illegible] for som bokes — I desire 
Mr. Brock, William Pomfret and John Hall to undertake [illegible.] 
One thing there is of som greater importance, w^ is a little \_manuscript ?] 
wrayped up in my deske w^ I would have comitted to Mr. Brock to put 
into the hands of Mr. Dauenport, who as I heard, is intended go for Eng- 
land, that he would pruse, and for putting it forth I would leave it to his 
wise and godly ordering of, — w^ I think there is a trust of God in, and 
som benefit to redound to som by. There is a booke of Mr. Nortons 
which is entitled Orthodox Evangelist, w^ I would have my sister Cotton 
to have, and another booke I borrowed of my brother Cotton, is to come 
to his son Seaborn, [much illegible^ Susan Halsted — his bro. and sister 
& sister-in-law who have no need of supplyes for me, I desire to be hearti- 
ly remembered to those, they are ch — in years. In presence of William 
Wantivorth, Job Clements. 

Approved in Court, Jun 26th 1655. Renald FernaW — Copied from 
the original at Exeter, N. H., by Mr. A. H. Quint.^ 

lOHN HOLMAN. 

Whereas Almighty God having laid upon me a great affliction I think it 
my duty to dispose of y** small estate God haue giuen mee to p'^vent trouble 
for tyme to come. And whereas the honorable Court haue established a 
lawee the eldest sonne shall haue a double porcon, my earnest desire is, 
& to my griefe I speake it, my sonne being groune to some yeres proueth 
disobedient & stubborn against mee my desire is he may be depriued of 
that benefit w'^'^ others may justly enjoy, & I giue onto him my ^om\e John 
Holman 50/. at 20 yrs of age. To Mary Holman 501. at 18 yrs of age, or 
at day of marriage. To my foure yongest child'^ 50/. each at y^ age of 20 
yrs. To my two sonnes Thomas ^ Samuel Holman, & to daus. Abigal ^ 
Hannah Holman 50/. each, at day of marriage or at 18 yrs. of age. My 
housing & land at Dorchester to my wife during her life ; & after her 
death, halfe to sonne Thomas S^ Samuel Holman, the other half wife to dis- 
pose of as she see fitt. Rest of estate to wife, her I make executrix. In 
case any child die before their porcon be due, then to bee att my wifes dis- 
pocing. My four yongest child" to remain w"^ their mother till they come 
to age menconed. I appoint my beloved brethren Richard Collocott S^ 
William Robeson to be overseers unto my wife & children. This 10 day 
4 month 1652. 

Rich : Collicott S^ Willm Robinson both of Dorchester deposed before 
the Majistrates, that on their pfect knowledge this was y'^ las will o^ John 
Holman, owned by him bfere his death. 

Edward Rawson, Recorder. 

[Ttf he continued.'] 



1851.] 



Early Records of Boston, 



243 



EARLY RECORDS OF BOSTON. 

[Continued from Vol. VI., page 98.] 

Jonathan the sonne of John ffarnum & Ehsabeth his jffarnum* 

wife was borne 16^(11'^) 1638. 

Joanna the daughf of John ffarnum & Elisabeth his wife 
was borne 3^ (1<>) 1644. 

Hanna the daughter of John ffarnum & Elisabeth his 
wife was borne 9"^ (9°) 1642. 

Mary the daughf of Joseph ffarnworth and Elisabeth his ff'areworth. 
wife was borne 30"^ (r) 1637. 

Hannah the daughf of Joseph ffarneworth & Elisabeth 
his wife was borne U'^ (10°) 1638. 

Rebeccah the daught"^ of Joseph ffarneworth & Elisabeth 
his wife was borne 2^ (11°) 1639. 

Ruth the daughf of Joseph ffarneworth & Elisabeth his 
wife was borne 3° (4°) 1642. 

Eliezer the sonne of Barnabas ffower k, Dynah his wife ffower, 

was borne 8° (7°) 1642. 

Dynah the wife of Barnabas ffower dyed 27° (7°) 1642. 

John the sonne of John ffrench & Grace his wife was ffrencJi, 

borne 28° (12°) 1640. 

Thomas the sonne of John ffrench & Grace his wife was 
borne the 10° (5°) 1643. 

Jonathan the sonne of Rob* ffuller & Anne his wife was fuller, 

was borne 15° (6°) 1643. 

Joseph the sonne of of Humphrey Gallop & Anne his Gallop, 

wife was borne anno 1633. 

Pelatiah the sonne of John Glover & Anne his wife was Glover, 

borne the (7°) 1636. 

Bethyel the daughter of Richard Hewes & Anne his wife Hewes. 

was borne 27° (5°) 1037. 

Deliverance the daughter of Richard Hewes & Anne his 
wife was borne 11° (4°) 1640. 

Constant the daughter of Richard Hewes & Anne his 
wife was borne 17° (5°) 1642. 

Samuel the sonne of John Hill & ffrancis his wife was Hill, 

borne the yeare 1640. 

Hannah the daughter of John Hill & ffrancis his wife 
was borne 1641. 

Mercy the daughter of John Hill & ffrancis his wife was 
borne 1642. 

John the sonne of John Holman & Anne his wife was Holman, 

borne 23° (12°) 1637. 

Anne the wife of John Holman dyed 1° (10°) 1639. 

Thomas the sonne of John Holman & his wife 

was borne 0° (6°) 1641. 

Abigail the daughter of John Holman & his wife 

was borne 1642. 

Sarah the daught' of Jonas Humphrey & ffrancis his Humphrey, 
wife was buryed (7°) 1638. 

Hannah the daughf of Thomas Jones & Ellen his wife Jones, 

was borne 28° (1°) 1636. 



244 



Early Records of Boston, 



[April, 



Rebecca the danghf of Thomas Jones & Ellen his wife 
was borne 9° (12^) 1641. 

Thomas Sonne of Thomas Jones & Ellen his wife dyed 
24« (5°) 1635. 

Eldad the Sonne of John Kingslowe was borne 1G38. 

Renewed the daughter of John Kingslowe was borne 
19° (1°) 1644. 

Elieser the sonne of Richard Mather & Katherin his 
wife was borne 1638. 

Joseph the sonne of John Maudsley & Elisabeth his wife 
was borne 1638. 

— John the sonne of Thomas Millet & Mary his wife was 
borne the 8*^ (5°) 1635. 

Jonathan the 'sonne of Thomas Millet & Mary his 
wife was borne 2V (5^) 1638, & dyed lo'^ (6^) 1638. 

Mary the daughter of Thomas Millet & Mary his wife 
was borne 26' (6^) 1639. 

Mehitabel the daughter of Thomas Millet & Mary his 
wife was borne 14'' (1°) 1641. ~ 

Hopestill the sonne of Edmund Munnings & Mary his 
wife was borne lb"" (2^) 1637. 

Returne the sonne of Edmund Munnings & Mary his 
wife was borne 7'^ (7'^) 1640. 

Take heed the sonne of Edmund Munnings & Mary 
his wife was borne 20'^ (8'*) 1642. 

Deborah the daughf^ Robert Pearce & Anne his wife 
was borne (12'^) 1639 & dyed 15<> (2'^) 1640. 

Joseph the sonne of John Pearce & Parnell his wife was 
borne SO'' (8'') 1631. 

Abiiah the daughter of John Pearce & Parnell his wife 
was borne IV {b") 1633. 

John the sonne of John Pearce & Parnell his wife was 
borne 3" (l") 1634 & dyed the 30" (1") 1634. 

Nehemyah the sonne of John Pearce & & Parnell his 
wife was born 12" (5") 1637 & dyed (8") 1639. 

Parnell the wife of John Pearce dyed (8") 1639. 

Mary the daught' of John Pearce & Mary his wife was 
borne 6" (1") 1638. 

Nehemyah the sonne of John Pearce & Mary his wife 
was borne \V (11°) 1631. 

Mary the daughter of John Phillips & Joanna his wife 
was borne (2°) 1633 & dyed (4°) 1640. 

John the sonne of John Pliillips & Joanna his wife was 
borne (2°) 1635. 

Israel the sonne of John Phillips & Joanna his wife was 
borne 3" (4") 1642 & dyed (7") 1743. 

Mary the daughter of John Phillips & Joanna his wife 
was borne (2") 1636 & dyed (2") 1636. 

Deboroah the daughter of Wm. Pilsbcrry & Dorothie 
his wife was borne 16" (2") 1642. 

Job the sonne of Willm Pilsbcrry & Dorothie his wife 
was borne 16" (8") 1643. 

Abigail the daughter of George Proctor & Edeth his 
wife was borne 24" (6") 1637. 



Kingslow, 

Mather. 

Mandsley, 

Millet, 



Munnings, 



Pearce, 
Pearce. 



Pearce. 



Phillips. 



Pilsherry. 



Proctor, 



[2b he corUinued.1 



1851.] Vaughan and Shannon Families. 245 

VAUGHAN AND SHANNON FAMILIES. 

[Communicated by Thomas Shannon, M.D., of Moultonboro', N. H.) 

Note. — The following communication has been sometime delayed, in the hope 
that iis contributor would be able to make it more complete. — Editor. 

On the maternal side, Maj. William Vaughan, was of Welsh extraction, 
and bred in London, under Sir Josiali Child. He came early in life to 
Portsmouth, N. H., and, probably was in the employ of the Cutts's. He 
married Margai-ett, daughter of Richard Cutts, 8th Dec, 1668 ; she died, 
22d Jan'y, 1 61)0, aged 40. He was a Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, 
from 1680 to 1686, and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, from 1708 
to 1715. He was also of the Council. His children were, Eleanor, born 
5th March, 1(561). wife of Richard Waldron ; Mary, born March 6th, 1671, 

wife of Mr. Thing ; Cutts, born March Dth, 1673 ; George, born 

April 13th, 1676 ; Bridget, born July 2d, 1678, wife of Nathaniel Gerrish, 
Esq.; Margaret, born Dec, 30th, 1680; Abigail, born May 5th, 1683 ; 
Elizabeth, born April 26th, 1686. George Vaughan was married to Eliza- 
beth Elliot, Dth Jan'y, 1700 ; their children were, Sarah, born Feb'y 8th, 
1701, married to Doct. Ross; *William, born Sept. 12, 1703; Margaret, 
born Aug. 21sr, 1705, died young; George, born 2d July, 1706; Eliza- 
beth, boi-n Oct. 8th, 1707, wife of William Piennet ; Abigail, born March 

11th, 1701), wife of Mr. Wentworth; Elliot, born April 12th, 1711 ; 

Mary, born April 26th, 1713, wife of Cutts Shannon; Jane, born Dec'r 
27th, 1714, wife of Mr. [.James?] Noble, of Bo^to-. 

Elliot Vaughan, married Anne, daughter of Col. Timothy Gerrish, 
1736 ; his children were, Sarah, born 1739, wife of Jotham Rindge, of 
Portsmouth, N. 11. ; she died at Pittsfield, N. II., Feb'y, 1826, at the resi- 
dence of her grand-daughter, Mrs. Thomas Shannon ; William, born 
March 14th. 1745, died June 19th, 1826 ; George, born June, 1747, died 
in Boston ; .Jane, born 1751, married Ammi Wise, of Westbrook, Me., 
died January 7th, 1831. 

George Vaughan, was Lieut. Gov. of New Hampshire, from July 18th, 
1715, to Dec, l717 ; his Commission is still in existence, and in the hands 
of his great grandson, Doct. Thomas Shannon, of Moultonboro', N. H. His 
widow married Gov. Belcher of Mass.t[?] 

On the Shannon side, there were two brothers ; the elder. Sir Robert 
Shannon, was JNIayor of the City of Dublin, Ireland ; he died without 
issue — a batchelor. The other brother, emigrated to Portsmouth, N. H. 
While on the passage, he had a son born, whom he named Sea-born, who 
was afterward a ship-master, and died in the West Indies ; he married a 
daughter of Major William Vaughan ; his sons were, Cutts, and Nathaniel; 
Cutts was a Lawyer at Portsmouth, married Mary, the daughter of 
Lt. Gov. George Vaughan, and died suddenly, aged 46 — his widow died at 
Moultonboro', in 1793, aged 80, at the residence of her son, Nathaniel 

* William Vauirhan, son of Lt. Gfov. George Vauo:ban, was a Lt. Colonel, and 
planned the Expedition to Louisbiiri h, wbicb received tbe approbation of the British 
Government; he had the command of a Division, and was the first to enter one of the 
most important forts, under the Chief Commander, Sir William Pepperell ; he died in 
London, soon after. 

t[In a Belcher pedigree in our possession. Gov. Belcher, of Mass., married 1st, Mary, 
dau. of Lieut. Gov. I'artrid^^e, of N. H., who died in 17o6 ; and 2d, a Mrs. Tilley, of 
BurlinLjton, N. .J. Gov. Belcher's youngest sister, Mary, married George Vaughan, 
Esq. — Editok.J 



246 



Vaughan and Shannon Fatmlies, 



[April, 



Shannon. They had five sons and two daughters, viz : Richard Cutts, 
Tliomas, William, James Noble, Nathaniel, Mary and Ellis ; Richard 
Cutts, was a Lawyer, at Portsmouth, and many years Clerk of the United 
States District Court. Thomas and William, were merchants, and resi- 
dents of Dover. James Noble, was a merchant in the Province of Nova 
Scotia ; Nathaniel was a farmer, and resided at Moultonboro', twenty-five 
years ; he was a Representative, and Senator in the N. H. Legislature, 
Justice throughout the State, and Elector of President and Vice-Presi- 
dent. 

Mr. Nathaniel Shannon, brother of Cutts Shannon, resided at Newing- 
ton, where his descendants still are, and at Gilmanton. 

Note. — The late Col.Joseph Whipple. Esq., Collector of the Customs at Ports- 
mouth, N. H., " a sensible man, inquisitive about his pedigree ; and very accurate," 
left among his papers the following memorandum, which is entitled to considerable 
credit as an authentic siatement. 

" Mary Whipple [Mother of Col. Whipple] daughter of 



RoBEKT Cdtts, 



by Dorcas Hammond, 

daughter to Major Joseph Hammond son 
to Hammons, who came to America from 
England, in Anno was of 

Monmoth's party, and died in Wells, in 
the Province of Maine, about Anno 1700, 
sat 102. Said Dorcas Hammon's mother, 
was Katherine Frost, daughter of Nicholas 
Frost, who came from the West of Eng- 
land, and was of the Chevalier's, or King's 
party in opposition to the Duke of Mon- 
mouth." 



son to "Robert Cutts, (one of the three broth- 
ers, John, Richard, and Robert, who came 
to America ; John settled in Portsmouth, 
New Hampshire, and was President Cutts; 
Richard settled at Portsmouth, and was 
a man of great property there;) Robert 
settled at St. Christopher's, where he mar- 
ried, afterwards in Barbadoes, where he mar- 
ried his second wife, Mary Hoelf, [the MS. 
is indistinct Hoel or Stoel.] whom he 
brought with him to New England. [Their 
son Robert Cutts, in his will made Sept. 
18, 1734, names "my uncle John Hoels 
[or Hoets] formerly of Kittery deceased."] 
He first set down in Portsmouth, but after- 
wards removed to Kittery. His native place 
was Bath, and his father* Cutts was, 

the year he died, a member of Parliament. 
His mother, by his father and a former hus- 
band named Shelton, had 23 children all liv- 
ing at once." 

* Richard Cutts was returned from Essex, for Cromwell's second Parliament, in 
1654, but not for that of 1656. 

t After the death of Robert Cutts, Esq., his widow, Mary, married Francis Champer- 
non, P:sq., >'the loving nephew" of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, the Founder of Maine. — 
July 13, 1685, Francis Champernon,gave a deed of a portion of "Champernon's Island" 
" to Elizabeth Elliot," daughter of Marv, my beloved wife and in consideration of a 
marriage already solemnized between Humphrey Elliot of Great Island, &c. Marv 
Cham;)ernon, also signed the deed. York Reg. of Deeds, Vol. 5, fol. 110. His will 
made Nov. 16, 1686, proved Dec, 28, 1687, is in York Prob. Rec, Vol. 1, fol. 55. " I, 
Francis Campernon, Gentleman, Inhabitant of ye Island, commonly called by the 
name of Champernon's Island, [since, about 1690, called' Cutts's Island,"] in ye town- 
ship of Kittery, in ye Province of Maine in New England doe make and ordaine this 
my last Will, ' &e., " well beloved wife Mary Champcrnoon " sole excutrix. " My son- 
in-law Humphrey Elliot, and Elizabeth, his now wife— my son-in-law, Robert Cutts, 

am Scriven] 
wife Joanna, 
utts Island 
in Kittery] '-grand-child Champernoon Eliot" — " lands belonging unto me in Old 
England, or in New England." "Robert Mason, Esq., JohnHmcks, Esq., Major John 
Davis of York, aid Robert Elliot, of Great Island, merchant, my loving friends, to be 
overseers." 



mv 
M 

dii 



liiw n.um|»iin;y rjiiiut, auci iMizaocin, nis now wire — my son-in-iaw, koc 
r daughter in-law Bridget Scriven [wife of the Baptist minister Willian 
iry Cutrs, Sarah Cutts, son-in-law [Hon.] Richard Cutts, [who, by his wi 
u. of Thomas and Lucia Wills, had, inter alios, Hon. Richard Cutts, of Ci 



1851.] 



lAst of Freemen of Windsor^ Ct. 



247 



LIST OF FREEMEN OF WINDSOR, CT. 



Belcherton, Mass., March 1, 1850. 

Mr. Drake — Dear Sir : — I find among our family papers several ancient lists 
of the Freemen of Windsor, Con., and send herewith a copy of the earliest. 

Yours truly, Sam'l Wolcott. 

" Oct. 7th. 1669. Acount taken of all such Persons as dwell within the Lim- 
ets of Windsor, and have bin approved of to be freemen, and alowed to take the 
oath of freedom. 



A. Mr. Allyn : Mathew 
Allyn Thomas 
Alvard Benedictus 

B. Barber John 
Bissell John Senr 
Bissell John Junr 
Bissell Thomas 
Bissell Samuel 
Bissell Nathaniell 
Bartelet John 
Brp\vn Peter 
Bewell William 
Buckland Timothy 
Buckland Nicholas 
Burnam Thomas 
Baker fSamuell 

C. Mr Chancy Nathanell he doe 

not refuse : but only forbeare 
ye oth till after ye uixt court. 

Clark Mr. Daniell 

Cooke Nathanell 

Chapman : Edward 

Coult John 

Crow Christopher 

D. Deble Thomas Senr 
Denslow Henery 
Denslow John 
Drake John 
Drake Jobe 
Drake Jacob 

E. Egelston Beagat 
Egelston James 
Egelston Thomas 
El es worth Josiah 
El mar Edward 
Eanno James 

F. Mr. ffitch Joseph 
ffilly WiUiam 
ffish William 

_ffylar Walter 
JTord T homas 

G. Gaylar William 
Gavlar Walter 
Gaylar Samuell 
Gaylar John 

Gillet J onathan Senr 
Gillet Nathan 
Gillet Jonathan Junr 
Gillet Cornelus 



Gillet Joseph 

Gibbes Jacob 

Gibbes Samuell 

Grant Mathew 

Grant Samuell 

Grant Tahan 

Grant John 

Griswold Georg 
H. llayden Daniell 

Hall Timothy 

Hosford John 

Iloskins Anthony 

Hay ward Robart 

Holcom benaga 
L. Loomys Joseph 

Loomys John 

Loomys Thomas 

Loomys Samuell 

Loomys Nathanell 
M. Marshall Samuell 

Modosly John 

Milles Simon 

Moore John Senr 

Moore John Junr 
fosses John 

Mol ton William 
N. Mr Newbury Beniamen 
O. Owen John 

Osbon John Sen 
P. Mr. Phelps William Senr 

f helps William lunr 

Pinne Houmfery 

Pinne Nathanell 

Phillups Georg 

Porter John 

Palmer Nicholas 

Palmer Timothy 

Pomry Eltwed 

Phelps Georg 

Phelps Timothy 

Phelps Isaac 

Phelps Abraham 
R. Randall Abraham 

Rockwell John 

Rockwell Samuell 

Rowly Thomas 
S. Senchon Nicholas 

Stilles Ilenery 

Stilles John 



248 



Will of John Crreen, of Warwick, R. L 



[April, 



Stoton Thomas 
Strong John 
Strong Returne 

T. Taylor Stephen 
Tory John 
Trail William 
Tudor Owen 

Y. Vore Richard 
W. Mr Warham John 
Watson Robart 
Mr Wolcot Ilencry 
Wolcot Simon 
"Wolcot Henery Junr 
Mr. Witchfeld John 
AVilliams John 
Winchell Nathanell 
AVinchell Jonathan 

Octobr. John WoUcot 
12.70 Zurrobl fylar 

Josepli Griswold 
John Gaylar Junr 
David Winchell 
Daniell Birg 
John fylar 



John Gillet 
Thomas Buckland 

These are Parsons that have been of 
Wmdsor : But now .stated inhabitant 
of Masaco, [Simsbury] and this yeare 
are left out of Windsor list of Estates 
yet an owned free men of this Juris- 
diction. 

Barber Thomas 

Casse John 

filly Samuell 

griffen John 

Iloumfry Micall 

Hill Luke 

Maskell Thomas 

Pinne Samuell 

Pettebon John 

Skiner Joseph 

Holcomb Josuay 

buell Peter 

Phelps Joseph 

Ruly Thomas 

Milles Simon." 



Will of John Green of Warwick, R. I. 

[Copied from the original, and communicated bv the Hon. Geo. A. Bratton, of 
Warwick, R. I., Cor. Memb. of the N. E. H. Gen. Soc] 

Bee it knowen unto all men by these presents, that I John Greene, Sen^ 
of the Town of Warwicke, in the Nanhiganset Bay, in New England, doe 
make this my last will and testament, as followeth : ffirst, I give to my be- 
loved wife, Phillix Greene, that part of buildinge, being all new erected, 
and conteininge a large hall, and chimney, with a little chamber ioyninge 
to the hall, as also a large chamber, with a little chamber within that, with 
a large Garret with a little dairry roome, w^hich butts against the ould 
house, to enioy duringe her life. Also I give unto her halfe the Orchard ; 
Also I give unto her my lott next to the Orchard, together with the 
swamp which the Towne granted mee : Also I give unto her fower kine 
at her owne choice ; Also I give unto her my sayd Avife two, two yeares 
ould heifers ; Also, I give unto my sonne John Greene, that necke of land 
called Occupessuatuxet, together with all the meddowe that belonges thereto 
memorandum that my sayd wife is to make use of all the sayd meddowes of 
Occupessuatuxet during her life with a little Island adioynge to the necke, 
all which upland and meddowe I bought of Miantonomu ; Also I give 
him my right that belonges to me, of land in the Purchase of Providence 
Plantation ; ffurthermore, I give to my sonne Peter Greene, that other 
house adioyninge unto the house aforesayed, which I gave my wife ; Also, 
I give unto him after the discease of my aforesayd wife, the other house 
that I gave unto my wife, and the lot belonging thereto, u})on this Consider- 
ation ; that bee shall give, or cause to bee payd, within one whole yeare, 
ten pound starling to my sonne John Greene, for the use of his children, to 
bee Imployed by my sayd sonne John Greene for the use of his children ; 
Also, I give unto my sonne Peter, a yoake of Steeres together with half 
the orchard upon this consideration ; that hee shall provide my sayd wife 



1851.] Sayhrooh Records. 247 

with thirty load of wood in a jeare and bring it in seasonably for her use 
during her life. Item, I give unto my sonne James Greene, my six aker 
lott in tlie necke called Warwick necke, or Misliaomet, together with my 
great lott and all my other right in the sayd necke yet undevided, either 
Upland or meddowe. Also, I give unto my sonne Thomas Greene, that 
parcel of meddowe land formerly layed oat unto me in the sayd Warwick 
Necke, laying on the West side towards the far end according as it is 
bounded ; Also, I give unto him my six aker lott, laying near Mr. Brad- 
ley's now dwellinge ; Also, I give unto my fower sonnes aforesayd, all that 
land that is due mee, as I am a purchaser of the Towne of Warwick, lay- 
inge beyond tlie Townshipp, to bee equally divided betwixt them fower ; 
Also, I give unto my fower sonnes aforesayd, together with my daughter 
Mary Sweet, what money can be gotten by lawe, or other wase, from Wil- 
liam Arnold, in the case dependinge betwixt mee and him, after my sonne 
John hath receaved the one halfe of it to himself, for his proper use, ac- 
cording to former promise ; Also, I give unto my aforesayd daughter, two 
kine, and one yearlinge heifer; Also, I give unto my grandchild, Ann 
Hade, one two yeare ould heifFer, and one yearling calfe, to bee disposed 
of by her unkle James Greene, for her protfit, as hee shall see best ; Also, 
I give unto my sonne Peter Greene, twenty pound in peage white, at six 
p®, or blacke at 3 p*', upon consideration of a Ibrmer promise of rcpairinge 
the aforesayd house, which I have given him ; Also, I give unto my be- 
loved friend, Mr. Samuel Gorton, fForty sliiUings ; Also, I give unto my 
beloved wife Phellix Greene, aforesayd, all my undisposed 

of exceptinge one bead and beadstead, together with the furniture, which 
at the writinge hereofe belongeth thereto, which I give unto my aforesayd 
Sonne Peter Greene ; Also, I mak my aforesayd wife my sole exetrix, in 
all matters, excepting all differences betwixt William Arnold of Patuxet, 
and myself, wherein I do state my sonne John Greene to prosecute, as hee 
shall see cause ; but otherwayes my sayd wife is to fulfill my will and tes-- 
tament ; in witnesse whereof e, I have hereunto sett my hand this, twenty 
eight of december, 1058. Memorandum — that the use of the meddowes 
of Occupessuatuxet duringe my wives life in the margeant, and half the 
Orchard to my sonne Peter, was Interlined before the sighninge hereof, a& 
also Greene in one place and John in another. 

Signed in presence of By mee John Greene^ Senior, 

John AVickes, 

Anthony Loe. A true Cappie as atests 

John Greene, Town Gierke* 

The will of Mr. John Greene late decesed, ] 

being proved to bee a true Will according to | per me Ezekiel 

law before me this seven of the eleventh )- Hollyraan, debety 

month : 58 in probation hereof I set my hand | H^J^I;^^^ 

and seal unto this Coappy J Ijq^^^^H* 



SAYBPvOOK RECORDS. 

In our publication of the Saybrook, Records, in Vol. IV. p. 20, the follow- 
ing, having been omitted in the copy, and since received, is here inserted. 

" Hannah Bull, dau. of John Bull, was born at Dinington, in the parish 
of Stowe, in the county of Gloucester, England, the 3d day of February, 
1679. Edward Bull, the son of John Bull, was born at Duning [ton ? ] in 
the parish and county aforesaid, the 12th day of September, Ano 1G82." 
13 



2o0 Note on the Varnum Family, [April, 

Here lyes y* Body of IM" IMary wife to Mr. John Bemis who Deceased 
Sej)t'' y*^ y"^ 17 1() in the 04'*^ year of her age. 

Here Lyes lUiried the Body of Cap* Benjamin Gearfeild aged 74 
years who departed 1'his Life Novemb"" the 28*^ 1717. "Blessed are the 
dead that die in the Lord." 

Here Lyes the Body of M"- Daniel Ball Who Died March the 9*^ 
1717-18 in y^ 35*^ year of His Age. 

Here Lyes the Body of M''^ Elizabeth Fisk wife to M'" David Fisk 
Died March 21 1717^^ in y*' Go"' year of her age. 

f Here Lves y* Body of M"" John Hastings aged 63 years Who Dec'd 
(March 28"' 1717-18. 

\ Here also Lyes y^ Body of ]\P' Abigail Hastings wife to M"^ John 
'( Hastings Aged iS'd years Dec'd April 7 1717-18. 

Here Lyes y® Body of Jonas Geal Aged 24 years Died March y^ 17"^ 
171^. 

Here Lyes y® Body of Abraham Geal who died Septemy y® o^^ 1718 
In y'' 76 year of His Age. 

Here. Lyes y^ Body of M'" Elisabeth Straight wife to M' Thomas 
Straight who died Jan''^ 1^' 1718 in y*' 90*^ year of her age. 

Here Lyes y^ Body of Nathaniel Shattuck aged 29 years who Dec'd 
Jan'^^^ 13 171 J. 

Here Lyes y® Remains of y® Rev"^ ]\P Samuel Angier Descended From 
y^ Most Famous D'^ James & Allied to y^ Earned President & Divine M' 
Uriah Oakes by Marrying his only Daugh^ He was Maney years y*' Del- 
igent Pastor of y*' Church of Christ in Hehoboth Removed Thence to y® 
Pastoral C'harge of a church in Watertown Whare He Faithfully Man- 
aged that Trust Till His Translation to y*^ Temple Above which was 
Jan'y 2P* 1718-19 ^tat 65. 

Here Lyes the Body of M' John Fisk Who Dec'd Jan f 6*^ 1718 in 
y® 63^ year of His Age. 

Here Lyes y*^ Body of Joshua Geal Who Died September y^ 15*^ 1719 
In y® 2'd'^ year of His Age. 



NOTE ON THE YARNUM FAMILY. 

An account of the Varnum family in the last number of the Register, 
has just come under my observation, and as a descendant of Parker Yar- 
num I beg leave to make an important correction. 

The " Account of the family " seems to be a copy, nearly verbatim, of 
"A sketch drawn up by Parker Yarnum on the 17th of February, 1818, 
when he was seventy-one years old," a copy of which is in my possession, 
By a change of one letter, by either transcriber or printer, your account, 
page 80th, 3d line from bottom, says of his fifteen children: ^^ None are 
now living." Change none to nine and you have the true reading. In 
the next line, 1818 should be substituted for 1813. 

Of the nine childi-cn living in 1818, four have since died; and Parker 
Yarnum, Esq., died December I8th, 1821. 

A Yarnum. 

Groton, March 12th, 1851. 



1851.] Crenealogical Items Belattve to Lynn, Mass, 251 

GENEALOGICAL ITEMS RELATING TO LYNN, MASS. 
[Continued from page 96 of this volume.] 

Thomas, m. Abigail Collins, 3 March, 1682. 

Farrer, Thomas chn. Susanna, b. 26 March, 1659 ; Pelegand Mehita- 
ble, b. 6 Oct. 1660, when his w. was Elizabeth. The last of these twins 
d. 12 Oct. 1660, and the first the same year ; dr. Elizabeth d. 25 Oct. 
1677. His w. Elizabeth d. 8 .Jan. 1681. 

Farrington, Mathias chn. Sarah b. 13 Feb. 1658, d. 6 June 1659 ; 
Wm., b. 6 May 1660; Sarah, b. 15 June 1GG3 ; Theophilus, b. 13 Aug. 
1666. 

Mathew, Jr. ; elm. Sarah, b. 1 Feb. d. 26 Nov. 1676 ; Sarah, b. 

20 Sept. 1677 ; Martha, b. 2 May 1679 ; Samuel, b. 29 Sept. 1681. 

Edmond, d. 20 Jan. 1671. 

Elizabeth, d. 15 Dec, 1678. 

John, sen., d. 2 May 1666. 

John, chn. Edward, b. 5 July 1662; John, b. 9 March 1664 ; Jacob, b. 
22 July 1666, when his w. was Elizabeth. One of his name m. Lydia 
Hudson, 7 Oct. 1679; chn. John, b. 22 Nov., 1680; Mary,b. 2 0ct. 
1685. 

William, s. Wm., b. 16 May 1684. 

FisK, Joseph m. Elizabeth Haman, 22 May 1677; s. Joseph, b, July 
1678. 

Floyd, John w. Sarah; chn. Sarah, b. 24 Feb. 1662 ; Hugh, b. 10 
Sept. 1663; John, b. 20 Feb. 1665; Joseph, b. 15 March 1667; Jo- 
anna, b. 3 Jan. 1669. 

Frayle, George w. Elizabeth ; chn. Elizabeth, b. 30 March 1641; 
Hannah, b. Nov. 1642, d. 16 Nov. 1661 ; Eunice, b. Dec. 1644 ; Samuel, 
b. 7 March 1646; Deborah, b. 1 Aug. 1648; Ruth, 30 April 1653. He 
d. 9 Dec. 1663. His wid. d. 5 May 1669. 

Fuller, John chn. Elisha, b. 5 April 1657 ; Joseph, b. 1 Nov. 1661 ; 
Benjamin, b. 16 Dec. 1665, when his w. was Elizabeth. 

Gaines, Samuel m. Ann Wright 7 April 1665. 

Gibson, AYm. sons, Purchas, d. 15 June 1665 ; Aquila, d. 4 Nov. 1671. 

Giffard, or GiFFORD Philip m. Mary Davis, 30 June 1684, s. Philip 
b 30 July 1685. 

Giles, Eleazer m. Sarah More 25 Jan. 1665. 

GiLLOW, John m. Sarah Keaser, 7 April 1666, chn. John, b. 6 Jan. 
1667 ; Sarah, b. 2 Oct. 1670. He d. 20 Feb. 1673. His wid. had s. Rob- 
ert, b. 20 April 1673. 

Goodell, or GooDALL, Nehemiah chn. Martha, b. 4 May 1674; 
Joseph, b. 24 March 1677. 

GoTT, Charles m. Lydia Clarke, 25 Dec. 1665. 

Daniel, m. Elizabeth Morris, 2 Jan. 1666, chn. Mary, b. 27 Jan. 1667 ; 
John, b. 17 Sept. 1672 ; Thomas, b. 22 July, d. 3 Aug. 1675. 

Graves, Mark chn. Hannah, b. 14 Dec. 1657 ; Hester, b. 10 Feb., 
1669. 

Samuel, m. Sarah Brewer, 12 March 1678, chn. Crispus, b. 3 Aug. 
1679 ; Hannah, b. 27 Aug. 1681 ; Samuel, b. 2 Aug. 1684. 

Grunnill, Susan d. July 1678. 

HALt Edward chn. Joseph, b. 3 July 1646; Ephraim, b. 8 Sept. 
1648; Sarah, b. Aug. 1651 ; Elizabeth, b. 30 April 1654; Rebecca, b. 30 
April, 1657. He d. 15 April 1657. 

Hall, Joseph m. Elizabeth Rand, 3 March 1674, chn. Elizabeth, b. 
13* 



252 Genealogical Items Relative to Lynn^ 3Iass. [April, 

12 Jan. 1G75 ; Joseph, b. 2 Nov. 167G; Sarah, b. April 1G79; Zachariah, 
b. Nov. 1G84. 

EriiKAiM, m. Sarah Rand, 1 July, 1G74. 

IIakker, W31. his w. Elizabeth d. 21 May, 1661. 

Hakt, Samuel ehn. Hannah, b. April, lGr>7 ; Mary, d. 20 Sept. 1G57; 
Joseph, b. 10 April, 1659, when liis w. was Mary; Abigail, b. 15 Nov. 
1660; John,b. 3Aug. 166G, d. 8 Oct. 1667; Rebecca, b. 27 Jan. 1668 ; 
Ezekiel, b. 28 April, d. 10 May, IGGO. His w. Mary d. 24 Dec. 1671. 
He m. Mary Whiting, 29 Jan. 1674 ; clin. John, d. 4 Jan. 1676 ; Wm., b. 
30 July 1676. 

Samup:l, Jr., m. Elizabeth Ingalls. 4 Jan. 1681 ; chn. Elizabeth, b. 22 
Oct. 1681. His w. d. 2 Nov. 1681. He m. Abigail Lambard, 9 June 
1684; s. Samuel, b. 17 Sept. 1685. 

Isaac, dr. Rebecca, d. 1 June, 1670. 

Joseph, m. Ruth Chad well, 24 June, 1684. 

Hathorn, John ; chn. William, b. Nov. 1651 ; Mary", b. July, 1653 ; 
Ebenezer, b. March, 1656; Phebe b. 22 March, 1665. He d. 12 Dec. 
1676. His s. Wm. d. 14 Sept. 1676, and dr. Mary, 31 Dec. 1676. 

Ebenezer, m. Hester AV itt, 26 Dec. 1683 ; dr. Sarah, b. 16 Oct. 1684. 

Jonathan, d. 10 Nov. 1672. 

Haven, Richard chn. John, b. 10 Dec. 1656 ; Martha, b. 16 Feb. 
1658, d. 14 June 1659 ; Samuel, b. 31 May, 1659, d. 1 March, 1660 ; Jona- 
than, b. 15 Jan. 1663, d. 3 July, 1664 ; Nathaniel, b. 30 June, 1664 ; Mo- 
ses, b. 20 May, 1667. 

Richard, Jr. ; chn. Hannah, b. 10 Aug. 1677 ; s. Joseph, b. 17 Aug. 
1680. 

Hawkes, John m. Rebecca Maverick, 3 June 1658, chn. Moses, b. 
Nov. 1659 ; she d. 4 Nov. 1659. He m. Sarah Cushman, 11 April. 
1661 ; chn. Susan, b. 29 Nov. 1662; Adam, b. 12 May, 1664 ; Anna, 
b. 3 May, 1666; John, b. 25 April, 1668; Rebecca, b. 18 Oct. 1670; 
Thomas, b. 18 May, 1673 ; Susanna, Anna, and Rebecca d. last of Nov. 
1675 ; Mary, b. 14 Nov. 1675. 

Adam, his w. Ann, d. 4 Dec. 1669. He m. Sarah Hooper, June 1670 ; 
dr. Sarah, b. 1 June, 1671. He d. 13 March, 1672. 

HiCHEN, JosEi H, chn. Rebecca, b. 10 June, 1662 ; Joseph, b. 3 Nov. 
1664; Samuel, b. 10 Aug. 1666; Sarah, b. last of Sept. 1671, Martha, b. 
1674; Elizabeth, b. 24 Oct. 1676; Ehiathan, b. 1 Jan. 1679; Ruth, b, 
18 March, 1681. 

Hollo WAY, Joseph elm. Joseph and Edward, b. 4 Aug. 1673 ; Mary, 
b. 16 April, 1G75; Samuel, b. 2 Nov. 1677. 

Hols WORTH, Joshua m. Sarah Rawlins, 10 May, 1669. 

Hood, or Hud, Richard chn. Richard, b. 18 Nov. 1655 ; Sarah, b. 

2 Aug. 1657 ; Rebecca, b. 7 Feb. 1663 ; John, b. 7 May, 1664 ; Hannah, 
b. 21 Oct. 1665 ; Samuel, b. 12 May, 1667; Ann, b. 13 Feb. 1673; Jo- 
seph b. 8 July, 1674 ; Benjamin, b. 3 Jan. 1678. 

Howe, wid. d. 25 Jan. 1672. 

Howard, Thomas m. Ruth Joanes, 15 Nov. 1667; s. Thomas, b. 17 
Jan. 1669. 

Huciiix, Nicholas m. Elizabeth Farr, 4 April, 1666; chn. John, b. 

3 June, 1668 ; Elizabeth, b. 15 June, 1670. 

HuCHESON, Edward, chn. Thomas, b. March 16*54; Mary, b. Sept. 
1656 ; Joseph, b. June 1658 ; Sarah, b. 24 Sept. 1671. 

Francis, m. Sarah Layghton, 11 Dec. 1.661. She d. 23 Dec. 1661. 

Hudson, Jonathan s. JNIoses, b. 15 July, 1658. 

Ingalls or Ingolls, Robert chn. Hannah, b. 20 Sept. 1647 ; Robert, 



1851.] Genealogical Items Relative to Lynn^ Mass. 253 

b. 9 Feb. 1649 ; Samuel, b. 22 Sept. 1650 ; Sarah, b. 4 July, 1654 ; Eliz- 
abeth, b. 7 March, 1657. 

John, m. Elizabeth Barrett, 26 Mav, 16G7 chn. John, b. 6 Feb. 1668; 
Ehzabeth, b. 10 Aug. 1671, d. 29 Oct." 1675. 

Robert, m. Rebecca Laighton, 20 June, 1675; chn. Sarah, b. 19 
Sept. 1677 ; Robert, b. 10 July, 1679 ; Rebecca, d. Feb. 1680. 

Samuel, m. Hannah Brewer, 2 Feb. 1682 ; chn. Hannah, b. 10 July, 
1683 ; Abigail, b. 13 Aug. 1685. 

Richard, Jr, s. James, b. 16 July, 1684. 

Ireson, Edward chn. Hannah, b. 10 Feb. 1639 ; Ruth, b. 12 Jan. 
1641 ; Samuel, b. Sept. 1641 ; Eleazer, b. 1 Sept. 1642 ; Benoni b. Sept. 
1645 ; Ehzabeth, b. Dec. 1648 ; Rebecca, b. May 1657. One of his name 
d. the beginning of Dec. 1675. 

Benjamin, m. Mary Leach, 1 Aug. 1680 ; s. Edward, b. April, d. first 
week of May, 1681. 

Ivory, or Ivery, Thomas m. Mary Davis, about 17 May, 1660, chn. 
Lois, b. 7 Feb. 1661 ; Tabithacumy, b. 30 April 1663 ; Thomas, b. 2 Aug. 
1665; Hannah, b. 22 Dec. 1667 ; John, b. 10 Oct. 1669; Theophilus, b. 

I Nov. 1670; William, b. 10 June, 1674. 

Jenks, or Jenckes, Joseph sen., w. Elizabeth; chn. Deborah, b. 11 
June, 1658; John, b. 27 July, 1660; Daniel, b. 19 April, 1663. His w. 
Ehzabeth d. July, 1679, and he d. March, 1683. 

John, m. Sarah Mirriam, 11 July, 1681 ; dr. Elizabeth, b. last of 
March, 1683. 

Jewett, Neiiemiah m. Experience Pearce, 19 Oct. 1668. 

Johnson, Samuel m. Mary Collins, 22 Jan. 1664; dr. Mary, b. 19 
Jan., d. 13 April, 1665. 

Richard, d. 26 Aug. 1666. 

Daniel, chn. Abigail, b. 21 April, 1675 ; Stephen and Nathaniel, b. 
14 Feb. 1678; vSarah, b. 5 July, 1680; Elizabeth, b. 7 March, 1682 ; 
Simon, b. 25 Jan. 1684. 

Samuel, and w. Mary; chn. Samuel, b. 18 Nov. 1666, d. 14 June, 
1669 ; Mary, b. 25 May, 1669 ; Hannah, b. 15 May, 1671 ; Elizabeth, b. 
16 Dec. 1672 ; Richard, b. 8 Nov. 1674; Ruth, b. 6 March, 1678 ; Sam- 
uel, b. 18 March, 1679. 

KiRTLAND, or Kertland, or Kerkland, Nathaniel w. Parnel ; 
chn. Ann, b. 16 April 1658; John, b. Aug. 1659; Hannah, 15 April, 
1662; Ehzabeth, b. 20 March, 1664; Martha and Mary, b. 15 May, 
1667. 

Nathaniel, m. Mary Rand, 20 Jan. 1675 ; chn. Nathaniel, b. 3 May, 
1677 ; Mary, b. 1 Feb. 1680 ; Priscilla, b. 9 April, 1683 ; Elizabeth, b. 
22 June, 1685. 

Philip ; chn. Mary, b. 8 June, 1640 ; Sarah, b. 27 Sept. 1646 ; Susan- 
nah, b. 8 March, 1652, Hannah and Ebenezer, b. 12 June, 1654. 

Philip, m. Ruth Pearce, 14 Oct. 1679. 

Keyser, George, w. Ehzabeth; chn. George, b. May, 1657; Edward, 
20 June, 1659 

King, Daniel sen., d. 27 May, 1672. His w. Elizabeth d. 26 Feb. 1677. 

Daniel, Jr., m. Tabitha Walker, 11 March, 1663; chn. Richard, b. 1 
March, 1668 ; Tabitha, b. 6 Jan. 1670 ; John, b. 4 Sept. 1670 ; Sarah, b. 

II April, 1672; Ehzabeth, b. 19 March, 1674. 

Ralph, m. Elizabeth Walker, 2 March, 1664 ; chn. Ralph, b. 13 Aug. 
1667 ; Daniel, b. 10 Oct. 1669 ; Sarah, b. 25 Nov. 1671 ; Richard, b. 3 
May, 1677 ; Mary, b. 28 July, 1679. 

Knight, William d. 5 March, 1656. 

Daniel, d. 29 Oct. 1672. 



254 Genealogical Items Relative to Lynn, Mass. [April, 

Jacob, m. Sarah Burt, 25 Dec. 1668 ; clin. Sarah, b. 28 Nov. 1670, d. 
16 Dec. 1G71 ; Daniel, b. 25 Oct. 1672 ; Elizabeth, b. 4 Aug. 1677. His 
w, Sarah d. 14 Feb. 1682. He m. Hannah Rand, 18 Sept. 1682. 

John, dr. Martha, b. 11 Aug. 1657. 

Lambert, Michael w. Elizabeth, d. Oct. 1657; chn. Michael and 
Mary, b. 23 Jan. 1662; Moses, b. 27 April, 1673. He, the father, d. 
18 Aug. 1676. 

John, d. 28 Oct. 1676. 

Laughtox, or Laighton, or Latghton, Thomas m. Sarah Redknap, 
28 Dec. IG70 ; chn. Thomas, b. 15 Oct. 1671 ; Sarah, b. 16 Sept. 1673 ; 
Joseph, b. 14 Oct. 1675. His w. Sarah d. 26 Feb. 1680. He m. Han- 
nah Silsby, 2 Dec. 1680. 

Thomas. Jr., dr. Margaret, b. 13 June, 1677. 

Samuel, rn. Sarah Graves, 14 Feb. 1680; chn. Elizabeth, b. 30 Oct. 
1681 ; Samuel, b. 10 Feb., d. 12, 1684. 

Lawthrop, Melatiah m. Sarah Farrar, 20 May, 1667. 

Leonard, or Lennord, or Learnard, Henry ; chn. Henry, b. 14 June, 
1656, d. Sept. 1657 ; Sarah, b. 26 June, 1663 ; Mary, b. 13 Jan. 1666, d. 
Aug. 1667. 

Lewis, Edmund wid. Mary d. 7 Sept. 1658. 

John, m. Hannah, dr. of Capt. Marshal, 17 June, 1659 ; chn. John, b. 
SO March, 1660; Hannah, b. 25 Feb. 1662; Thomas, b. 2 June, 1663 ; 
Mary, b. 24 Feb. 1666 ; Benjamin, b. 27 April, 1667 ; Samuel, b. 25 July, 
d. 12 Aug. 1675 ; Abigail, b. 16 May, 1679 ; Ebenezer, b. 16 July, 1681 ; 
Elizabeth, b. 7 April, 1684. 

Tho.mas, m. Hannah Baker, 11 Nov. 1659 ; chn. Edward, b. 28 July, 
1660 ; Thomas, b. 29 April, 1668. 

Nathaniel, chn. Nathaniel, d. 20 Aug. 1676 ; Mary, b. 4 Dec. 1677. 

LiNSY or LiNSEY, Christopher d. 19 April, 1669. His wid. Mar- 
garet, d. 30 Dec. 1669. 

Eleazer, ni. Sarah Ally, Aug. 1668 ; chn. Sarah, b. 12 May, 1669 ; 
Eleazer, b. 25 March, 1671 ; Mary, b. 22 July, 1673 ; John, b. Aug. 1675 : 
Abigail, b. 10 Nov. 1677 ; Mary, b. 10 March, 1680 ; Ralph, b. 15 Dec. 
1684. 

John, m. Mary Ally, 6 June, 1667 ; chn. John, 15 Feb. 1668 ; Samuel, 
b. May, 1669 ; Eleazer, b. 19 Feb. 1671 ; Natlianiel, b. 16 April, 1672 ; 
Sarah, b. 2 March, 1675 ; Mary, b. 28 Nov. 1677 ; Margaret, b. 25 Feb. 
1680; his wid. d. 2 Jan. 1681; s. Benoni, b. the same day and d. the 
10th. He m. Amy Richardson, July 1682. 

Longly, William w. Joanna ; dr. Sarah, b. 15 Oct. 1676. 

John, s. Nathaniel, b. 1 July, 1676. 

LoOKE, Thomas chn. Thomas, b. June, 1646; Sarah, b. 12 March. 
1649 ; Jonathan, b. July 1651 ; Mary, b. July, 1654; Elizabeth, b. May 
1656. His wid. Sarah, d. 30 June, 1666. 

LovELL, John s. Zaccheus, d. 28 Dec. 1681. 

Mackalum, Callum chn. Galium, b. 30 May, 1664; Daniel, 2 June, 
1667. 

Mackduggel, AuiSTERm. Hannah Meadows, 1 Feb. 1660. 

Mackmallen, Mackum dr. INIary, b. 12 Sept. 1657. 

Mansfield, Andrew w. Bethiah, chn. Bethiah, b. 7 April, 1658 : 
d. 2 July 1672; Mary, b. 7 March, 1660; d. 15 Sept. 1661; Lydia, 
b. 15 Aug. 1662 ; Deborah, b. 1 Jan. 16(;7 ; Daniel, b. 9 June, 1669. He 
m. Mary Neale, 4 June, 1673. She d. 27 June, 1681. He m. Elizabetl' 
Conant, 10 Jan. 1682. 

[To he continued.'] 



1851.] Dorchester Inscriptions, 255 

INSCRIPTIONS FROM THE OLD BURIAL GROUND IN 

DORCHESTER, MS. 

[Continued from page 92 of this Volume.] 

Here Lyes Ebenezer Morgan Son to Ralph & Anna Morgan aged 1 
Year Died April y^ 1^* 1722. 

Here Lyes y'^ Body of M" Hannah Humfrey wife to M"* Hopestill 
Humfrey who Died May y^ 16*^ 1722 in y^ 67*^ Year of her age. Note 
she was formarly y'^ wife of Deacon John Blake. 

Here Lyes Buried Elijah Capen son of Preserved & Susanna Capen 
Died August y^ P* 1722 Aged 18 weeks & 5 days. 

Here Lyes Buried y*^ Body of M""' Elizabeth Clap y" Widdow of M' 
Nathanael Clap who Died September y^ 12^^ 1722 in y" 75 Year of Her 
Age. 

Here Lyes y^ Body of Elder Samuel Topliff who departed this life y® 
12*^ Day of October Anno Domini 1722 in y*^ 77 year of his age. 

[" He was son of Clement Toplitf, born May 7, 1G4G, Ordained Ruling 
Elder Feb. 3, 1701-2, which office he held 21 years, having been previ- 
ously Deacon 9 years He is characterized on the Church Records as 
*a man of piety, parts, and worth.' His father was b. in Eng. Nov. 17, 
1 603, and came over to New England, and settled in Dorchester soon after 
the first settlers." See Reg. p. 166, vol. iv.] 

Here Lyes y® Body of Hannah Murry daughter to William & Mary 
Royal Died October y^ 21^ 1722 in y^ 45 year of her age. 

Here Lyes Buried y^ Body of M" Elizabeth White y*^ Widdow of M' 
James White she was formally wife y® of Cap" John AVithington she de- 
parted this life y^ 19 day of November 1722 in y^ 70*^ year of her age. 

Here Lyes y^ Body of Samuel Blackman son of John & Jane Black- 
man Died December y® 9*'^ 1722 in y*" 21 year of his age. 

Here Lyes y® Body of Bathsheba Mash y^ Widdow of Alexander Mash 
aged about 82 years Died January y^ S'"" 172^ 

Here Lyeth Elizabeth Bradley aged 50 years Died January y^25 1723. 

Here Lyes y*" Body of Sarah Leeds y^ Wife of Consider Leeds Died 
February y^ 25 172| in 2P* year of her age. 

Here Lyes y'^ Body of Elizabeth Weeks Wife to Ammiel Weeks who 
Died y^ 10"^ of April 1723 in y" 90 year of her age. 

Here Lyes Alex[ander] Soper son of Alexander & Mary Soper Died 
April 22^ 1723 in y« 3° year of his age. 

Here Lyes y^ Body of M*"" Abigail Preston y^ Wife of Elder Daniel 
Preston Died April y® 24 1723 in y^ 75'^ year of her age. 

Here Lyes y^ Body of Miriam Bird wife to James Bird aged 53 years 
Died May 2" 1723. 

Here Lyes Interred y^ Body of M' Jonathan Mason late of S* Christo- 
phers He was y^ third son of M"" Arthur & M" Joanna Mason of Boston 
He Died at Stoughton House May y*' 9*^ 1723 in y^ 47'^ year of his age. 

Here Lyes .James Capen y® son of Preserved and Susanna Capen Died 
June y'^ 22° 1723 aged 20*^ Dayes. 

Here Lyes Preserved Prestone son to John & Mary Prestone Died 
July y^ 13"^ 1723 in y« 14*^ year of his age. 

Here Lves Buried y® Body of Ensigne James Bird aged about 77 years 
Died Sept 1"* 1723. 

Here Lyes y® Body of Thamson Bradley y^ Wife of John Bradley Died 
Sep 6"' 1723 in y' 34*^^ year of her age. 



256 Dorchester Liscriptions. [A]yYi{^ 

Here lyeth y« Body of WILL"- ROYALL 
of North Yarmouth, in the PROVINCE 
of MAIN, who departed this Life 
j^QyBBB Ye 7TH 1724. in y* 85"' year of his Age 
this Stone is Erected, to y* Pious Memory 
of his Father, by his Eldest Son ISAAC 
as the last Act of a dutifull remembrance 

HEre lyes the Body 

of the Hon'^'"- ISAAC ROYALL Esq 

who departed this Life at his Seat in Charlestown 

June y" 7^ Anno Dom°' 1739 iEtatis 67. 

He was a Gent" of Superiour natural powers & great acquired knowledge 

Civil affable, courteous & Just to all Men 

Dutifull to his Parents Kind to his Relations & Charitable to y" Poor 

He was a faithfull Husband, a tender Father, a kind Master, and a True Friend 

Delighted in doing good 
He was highly esteemed & respected during his residence at Antigua which was 

near 40 years 
And advanced to y" most Honourable & important Public employments Civil & 

Military 

Which He discharged with y" highest reputation & fidelity 

He Returned with His Family to Ne>^v-England His Native Country 

July 27"^ 1737 

Where His death which soon followed was greatly lamented by all who knew Him 

But as He Lived a Virtuous Life So He was removed by a peaceful Death 

Leaving a SON & DAUGHTER 

To inherit a plentifull Fortune which He was Bles'd with 

And an Flxemplary Pattern for Their Imitation 

At His desire His Remains were here 

Interred with His Parents. 

For whom He Erected This 

MONUMENT. 

Here Lyes Priscilla Bird y® Daughter of Ensigne James & Ann Bird 
died Sep' y" 23^ 1723 in y« 36 year of her age. 

Here lyes Mary Bird Daughter to Thomas & Mary Bird Died y^ 23*^ of 
September 1723 in y^ 4'"^ Y''ear of her age. 

Here Lyes Dorcas Dauenport y^ Wife of Ebenezer Dauenport aged 60 
years who Died Nouember y^ 24**^ 1723. 

Here Lyes George Lion y^ Son of Thomas & Johannah Lion y* Son 
Thomas & Johannah Lion Died December y« 20^'^ 1723 in y*' 28 Y^ear of 
his Age. 

Here Lyes Buried y^ Body of Deacon Jonathan Clap who Died Janu- 
ary y^ 2*1 1723-4 In y" 51 Year Of His Age. 

Here lyes y^ Body of M' Nathaniel Glouer who Died y^ 6* of January 
1723-4 in y*^ 71 year of his age. 
. --Here Lyes y'^ body of Bernard Capen Died January y* 8*^ 1723-4 in 

' Here Lyes Buried y*' Body of Lievetenant Capt Samuel Clap who do- 
parted this Life Jan y*^ 30'^^ 1723-4 In y^' 56*'^ Y^ear of His Age. 

Jesse y*' Son of Ilezekiah & Eunice Barber Aged 11 days Died Feb- 
rua'-y ll'*^ 1723-4. 

Ann Wis will y*^ Daughter of John & Sarah W^iswill Aged 1 month 
Died JMay y" 4"^ 1724. 

Joanna Bird y*' Daughter of Aaron & Mary Bird Died May 19 1724 
In y« 7 Year Of Her Age. 

Here Lyes y'^ Body of Sarah Capen Widdow of Barnard Capen Died 
June y'^ 2^ 1724 y* 7P' Y\^ar of Her Age. 

II(M-e Lyes y*^ Body of Samuel Trott wdio Died in August 1724 in y' 
G4"' Year of His Age. 



1851.] Dorchester Inscriptions. 257 

Here Lyes y*' body of Sarah How y^ AVife of Abraham How Died 
Sep' 20th 1724 Aged about 64 Years. 

Here Lyes y^ Body of M'^- Ehzabeth Bird Wife of Mr. John Bird 
Aged 77 Years Dec^ Oct y*^ 20'"^ 1724. 

Here Lyes y^ Body of Eleanor Foster y*^ Wife of Comfort Foster Aged 
32 Years Died Oct y^ 23 1724. 

Here Lyes Dorcas Payson y^ Daughter of Samuel & Mary Payson 
Died y^ 20 Day of Nouember 1724 in y*' 25*^ Year of her Age. 

Here Lyes y^ Body of Mindvvell Bird Wife of Abihail Bird Died De- 
cember y'' 10 1724 in y*" 52 Year of Her Age. 

[The upper part of this stone is broken off.] 
Josiah & Mary Blackman Aged | And Lydia Bradley Aged 2 Years 

1 Year Died Dec y*^ 2P' 1724. | Died Dec"" f 20^*^ 1724. 

II(3re Lyes Buried Y'' Body of M*" John Tolman who Dec*^ January Y^*' 
l^t 1724-5 in Y^ 83 Year of his age. 

Here Lyes Buried Y*^ Body of John Brown Aged 73 years Died May 
f 14 1725. 

Elizabeth Maudsley Y^ Daughter of Ebenezer Maudsley Jun & Eliza- 
beth Maudsley Died June y*^ '2^ 1725. 

Here Lyes y^ Body of Hannah Smith Wife to Samuel Smith Died 
Dec"" 10'^ 1725 in y« 27*^ year of her age. 

Here Lyes Dorcas How daughter of Timothy and Dorcas How Died 
January 14*'^ 1725-6 in ye 9*^^ year of her age. 

Here Lyes y*" Body of Sarah Blackman daughter of John and Sarah 
Blackman Died Feb y^ 11"' 1725-6 in y*' 25 year of her age. 

Here Lyes Buried y*" Body of Elder Daniel Prestone wlio Died March 
13*^ 1725-6 in Y*^ 77"' year of his age. 

Here Lyes Y* Body of Experience Tolman wife to Samuel Tolman 
Aged 43 years Died April y'^ 9"^ 1726. 

Here Lyes Y"* Body of M"^^ Lydia Capen y^ wife of M"" Samuel Capen 
Jun ; She Died May 30^'^ 1726 in y^ 26"' year of her age. 

Here Lyes Buried Y® Body of Cap Samuel Paul who Died August y® 
25 1726 in y^ 56"Year of his age. 

Here Lyes Y^ Body of Mary Sever daughter to Lieu°* Joshua and M" 
Mercy Sever Died Oct 7 1726 in y'' 18 year of her age. 

Here Lyes James Wiswell y*^ son of John & Sarah Wiswell Aged 5 
months Died Nou^ Y* 23 1726. 

Here Lyes Buried Y*^ Body of M"" Samuel Withington who Died Dec'" 
15 1726 in y^ 43 year of his age. 

Here Lies Y^ Body of Jane King y^ wife of Charles King Died Janu^ 
726-7 in y® 33^ year of her age. 

Here Lyes Y'® Body of Elizabeth Leeds y® wife of Samuel Leeds Died 
April 14 1727 in y*' 47'^ year of her age. 

Here Lyes Y^ Body of Dorcas Maxfield y^ wife of Ichabod Maxfield 
Died April 24 1727 in y^ 38 year of her age. 

Here Lyes Y^^ Body of M" Mehetabel Danforth who Dec^ May 1 ^* 
1727 in y*' 27 year of her age. 

Here Lyes Y^ Body of M" ]\Iary Payson y^ widow of M'' Samuel Pay- 
son who Died y* 25"' May 1727 in y^ 59"^ year of her age. 

Here Lyes Y^ Body of Joseph Bird who Died August 1'* 1727 in y^ 
3Qeth year of his age. 

Here Lyes Buried Y^ Body of Cap'' Standfast Foster who Died Nou- 
embcr 11"' 1727 in Y*' 67"^ year of his age. [This stone is in pieces, one 
fragment being removed to another place.] 

Here Lyes Y^ Body of M" Sarah Foster Wife of Cap^ Standfast Fos- 
ter Died Aug* 1'' 1727 in y^ 59 year of her age. 



258 Dorchester Inscriptions. [April, 

Here Lyes Y*' Body of Josepli Foster son to Comfort & Elenor Foster 
Died January 1727-8 in y IG''' year of his age. 

Elizabeth Capen daughter to John & Elizabeth Capen Aged 13 Weeks 
Died Febr^' y« 2^ 1727-8. 

Here Lieth Interred the Body of ]\F Jolin Danforth Junior He was 
born on January the 2G*^ 1088 He Deceased on March the 2 1728 Aged 
Years 40 Compleat 41 Current. 

Here Lyes Y^ Body of Jane Humfrey wife to Isaac Ilumfrey Died 
June Y^ 28 1728 in f 34 year of her age. 

Here Lyes two Children of Ebenezer Maudsley Jun & Elizabeth his wife. 



Elizabeth IMaudsley Died August 



Ebenezer Maudsley Died August 



1728 in y'^ 3^ Year of Her A^q. 1728 In y" 5*^ Year of His Age. 

Here Lyes ye Body of M"^ Patience Topliff Widow of Elder Samuel 
Toplitr Died Sep* y^ 8**^ in y*^ 76*^ Year of Her Age. 

Here Lyes Buried y^ Body of James Bird who Deceased Sep* y^ 15*^ 

1728 In y" 57*^ Year of His age. 

Hannah TopliiF Daughter of Samuel & Hannah Topliff Died Sept y^ 
28 1728 In y" 8*^ Year of Her Age. 

Here Lyes Ralph Blackman Son to Thomas and Mary Blackman Aged 
8 Months Died y*^ 13'^ Day of October 1728 y' First that was Buried in 
y^ New Addition. 

Here Lyes Susanna Davenport Daughter to Charles & Jemima Daven- 
port Died October y*^ 29^^ 1728 in y" G"^ year of Her Age. 

Joseph Trescott Son of Joseph & Abigail Trescott Died Nou^ 15 1728 In 
ye 5th Year of His Age. 

Here Lyes Buri'd y^ Body of M"" Ebenezer Withington who Departed 
this Life February y*^ 11*^ 1728-9 In y^ 78*^ year of His Age. 

Here Lyes Thomas Leadbetter y*' Son of Israel & Mary Leadbetter 
Aj^ed 3 Years Died March 20"^ 1728-9. 

David How Son to Timothy & Dorcas How aged 9 Months He diei 
May y^ 15^^. Dorcas Daughtm* to Timothy & Dorcas How Died June 
18*^ 1729 In y^ 5"^ Year of her Age. 

Susanna Blackman Daughter to John & Susanna Blackman Died July 
y« 3^ 1729 In y" 3^ Year of her Age. 

Here Lyes y^ Body of Josepli Blackman Son to John & Jane Blackman 
Died July G 1729 in y* 34 Year of his Age. 

Here Lyes y^ Body of Silence Euens y^ Wife of Matthias Euens Who 
Died y« 3*^ of August 1729 in 42*^ Year of Her Age. 

Here Lyee Buried y® Body of Jonathan Hall Who Died October y^ 
13*'^ 1729 In y« 28th Year of His Age. 

Elizabeth Glover Daughter Thomas & Eliz^ Glover Aj^ed 1 Year 10 
M° & 11 D^ Died 17'" August 1729. 

Here- lyes y^ Body of M" Jerusha KoUock Wife to M' Cornelius Ivol 
lock Died y« 1 of Nov"- 1729 In y« 25*'» Year of Her Age. 

John Brown Jun"" Son to John & Mary Brown He Died Nov"" 5" 

1729 In y'^ 7*^ Year of His Age. 

Jeremiah Brown Son to John & Mary Brown He died Nov^ 13 1729 ii 
ye 5th Year of His Age. 

Ann Glover y*= Daughter of W Thomas & M" Elizabeth Glover Aget 
17 Days Died March 4 1729-30. 

[To he continued.^ 

* [Probably son of the Pastor. — Rev. John Danforth, who died May 84, 1739 
and his wife Elizabeth, were buried in Lieut. Geo. Stougliton's tomb.] 



1851.] Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. 259 

ABSTRACTS OF THE EARLIEST WILLS IN THE*PI10BATE 

OFFICE, PLYMOUTH. 

[Communicated by Mr. Justin Winsor, of Boston.] 
(Continued from page 320, Vol. IV.) 

William Pontus, (Plymouth.) 

Will dated Sep. 9, 1650 signed by his mark. Gives his house to his eld- 
est daughter Mary. Names another da. Hannah^ and appoints his son- 
in-law James Glass^ executor. Witnessed by Joshua Pratt, James 
Hurst, and John Donham, his mark. 

Memorandum Johyi Dunham testifies that he heard Pontus say that he had 
given his son-in-law, John Churchill^ and Hannah his wife one half of 
the meadow at the watering place, Plymouth; and also that the other- 
daughter, the widow Mary Glass consented. 

Inventory taken Feb. 20, 1052, by Nathaniel Morton and Ephraim Mor- 
ton. Am't £12. 17 s. 

James Glass, (Duxbury.) 

Inventory taken on oath of his widow, Mary, by John Donham and Eph- 
raim Morton. Am't £32. 6s. 5d. He d. Sept. 3, 1652. 



Mr. Henry Andreavs, Sen., (Taunton.) 

Styled "yeoman," will dated Mar. 13, 1652. To daughter Mary Hedges 
wife of Wm. Hedges a dwelling house near his own in Taunton, and 
after her to his grandson John Hedges. To daughters Sarah and Abi- 
gail, £130 in the hands o^ John Parker, shoemaker, of Boston. To son, 
Henry his house. Names his wife Mary. Makes a bequest to the 
Minister of the town, and to Elisabeth Harry, widow, one of the poor 
of the church. Appoints James Wyate and Walter Degji, overseers. 
Witnessed by Wm. Parker, James Wyate, and John Jottop. 

Inventory taken Feb. 10, 1652, by Walter Dean, James Wyate, Wm. 
Parker, and Pic' d Williams. Am't £330. 16 s. 



Robert Waterman, (Marshfield.) 
Inventory taken Jan. 13, 1652, on the oath of Elizabeth Waterman by /' 
Anthony Eames, Edmond. Hincksman, Mark Eames and Anthony! 

Snow. Am't £78. / 

John Barker, (Marshfield.) 

Inventory taken Dec. 17, 1652, on the oath of his widow Anna, by 
Kenelm Winsloiv, Edmond Hincksman, Joseph Beadle, John Bourn. 

Am't £131. lis. 

Thomas Chillingwortii, (Marshfield.) 

[nventory exhibited at court, June 7, 1653, taken by John Dingley, Arthur 
Howland, John Russell. Am't £180. 



William Halo way, (Marshfield.) 

inventory taken (no date) by John Dingley, Robert Carver, and John 
Russell. Am't £65. 15 s. 



John Faunce, (Plymouth.) 

nventory 15 Dec. 1653, by Lt. Tho. Southworth and Nathl. Morton. 
Am't £27. 10s. 6d. 
14 



260 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills, [April, 

Thomas Hicke, (Scituate.) 

Ilis will signed by his mark, Jan. 10, 1652. His wife Margaret, Execu- 
trix. To his sons, Zackariah, Daniel^ and Samuel. 

Inventory by Walter Woodward^ and Wm. Brooks. Am't £18. 2s. His 
widow Margaret took oath to it, Oct. 3, 1653. 



Mr. John Lothrop, (Barnstable.) 

Pastor of the church. His will dated Aug. 10. 1653. To his wife, the 
house he then lived in. To his eldest son Thomas, the house formerly 
occupied by him in Barnstable. To son Benjamin. To son John, who 
is in Eng*^. To daughters Jane and Barbara. He requests his chil- 
dren to take in order of their ages such of his books as they may wish, 
and the rest he orders to " bee sold to any honest man whoe can tell 
how to make use of tliem." 

Inventory, Dec. 8. 1653. By Thomas Dimmack, Henry Cobb, John 
Cooper, and TJiomas Hinckley. Am't £72. 16s. 6d. 



Henry Merritt, (Scituate.) 

Inventory, Jan. 24, 1653, by James Cudworth and John Williams. Am^t' 

£121. 16s. 3d. 
Inventory of things jointly purchased by Henry Merritt, dec*^., and his 

brother John Merritt, which remained undivided. 



Mrs. Ann At wood, (Plymouth.) 

Her will dated April 27, 1650. "Widow sometime wife of Mr. John 
Atwood, Gent, being in p^'fect health and strength and in p'^fect memory, 
yett considering our frayle estate, that our waies are like unto to the 
grasse that soone withereth," ordaineth as follow: To my brother and 
sister, Robert and Mary Lee, " unto whome both myselfe and my de- 
ceased husband have formerly shewed what healp and kindness wee 
could." To loving nephew, Wm. Crow, the rest of my property, and 
if he die, then the estate to be devided among his brothers and sisters, 
that bee by his own father and mother. Appoints him the executor of 
the will. Witnesses, her 

Wm. Bradford, Ann X Atwood. 

Nathl. 3Iorton. "'^^^ 

Inventory taken, June 1, 1654, by appraisers appointed by Governor 
Bradford. 

[ Here ends the first Volume of Plymouth Wills, containing forty- 
two Wills with Inventories attached, (five of which are nuncupative) 
and thirty Inventories of intestates, and a few miscellaneous papers. It 
was commenced in 1633 and ended in 1654.] 



BEGINNING WITH " VOLUME 11. 1654-1669." 

William Phillips, (Taunton.) 

His will dated April 16, 1654. He says therein he is "aged three score 
years and ten att the least." He bcciucatlies his house to his wife Eliz- 
abeth, and to his son James, whom he made Executor of his will, and 
provided that if he should die without issue, it might descend to the 
chiklren of his son-in-law, James Walker. He mentions also his daugh- 
ter [in-law ?] Elizabeth Walker, and lior little daughter Hester Walker. 

Inventory Mar. 1, 1644, by William Hailston and William Otway. Am't 
£78. 8. 



1851.] Abstracts of the Earliest Wills, 261 

Thomas Coggen, (Taunton.) 

Deceased March 4, 1653. Inventory by George Hall and Richd Wil- 
Hams. Am't £23. 8s. 



Mary Hedge, (Taunton.) 

Her will disposes of the estate left her by her husband to her sons John and 
Henry. It mentions Henry Cohb and brother Henry Andrews. I re- 
quest Peter Pitts " to perform these conditions in case I make him my 
husband." 



William Hedge, (Taunton.) 

Deceased Ap. 2, 1G54. Inventory taken by James Wyate, Wm. BarLer, 
Oliver Purchus. Am't 157. 9s. 



Mary Andrews, (Taunton.) 

States in her Will, she is aged 43 years. Disposes of her estate left her 
by her deceased husband, Mr. Henry Andrews^ to son Henry (whom she 
appoints her executor ;) to daughter Abigail: to little daughter Sarah ; 
to son-in-law, Wm. Hedge, and daughter Mary Hedge. Appoints her 
kind and beloved friends, Oliver PurcJds, James Wyate, Walter Deane, 
overseers. Signed Feb. 14, 1653 : by her mark. 



Anthony Gilpin, (Barnstable.) -^ 

His Will was exhibited at Court, June 5, 1655. To his kinsman in Eng- \ 
land, Wm Hodges of Darnton, Yorkshire, together with his five sisters, 
all of whom were made his heirs. He gave, to Nathaniel Bacon o^ Barn- 
stable, all his property in trust for his heirs. Accompanying this are 
several papers signed by Bacon, relating to the estate. 
V_ Inventory, Apr. 2, 1655. Amt £57. 9^ 



James Pilbeame, (Rehoboth.) 

Inventory taken 6 3 mo. 1653, by Stephen Paine, 2indi Robert Martin, \y'^ 

Amt. £48. 6^ 10^ 
Lenard Ryce, being son-in-law of Pilbeame, is allowed to be administrator. 



Thomas Gannatt, (Bridgewater,) 

" Sometime of Duxbury, now of Bridgewater." Will dated June 19, 1655. 

To his wife. To his brother Matthew Gannatt. 

Witnesses, Wm. Brett., Wm. Bassetty Thomas Haward. 
Inventory, July 10, 1655. Am't £41. 19 s. 



Edward Dot en. Sen., (Plymouth.) 

Will dated May 20, 1655. To his wife, his house. To son Edward. 

Signed by his mark. Witnessed by John JIawland, James Hurst, John 

Cook, William Hoskins. 
Inventory, Nov. 21, 1655, by Hoskins and Ephraim Tinckham (his mark.) 

Am't £137. 19^ 6% 



262 Abstracts of tie Earliest Wills. [April, 

Mrs. Sarah Jeney, (Plymouth.) 

Widow. Her Will dated April 4, 1654, witnessed by Thomas Southworih. 
To daughters Sarah Pope and Abigail Wood. To grand-dau. Sarah 
Wood. To son Samuel. To son [in-law] Bein Bartlett. To Rev. Mr. 
Rcyner. To Elder Cushman, the Bible which was my daughter Susan- 
nah's. To 21io. Southwoi'th. 

An addition to her Will, dated Aug. 18, 1G55, mention is made of son 

SamueVs children ; of her grand-children Sarah Wood, Susannah Pope, 

and Sarak Jeney. This last witnessed by Wm. Bradford and Allice 

Bradford, (her mark.) Her Inventory taken 18 Feb. 1655, by ^'ho 

Wiliet and T'ho. Southworih. Am't £248. 5s. 8d. 



John Graunger, (Marshfield.) 
Inventory of J. G. deceased, 24th 7th mo., November, (?), 1656, taken by 
Anthony Barnes, Brands Crooker, and Moriis Truant. 



Richard Mann, (Scituate.) 

Inventory, taken Apr. 14, 1656, by James Cudivorth and Walter Briggs. 
Am't £92, 2s. 



Mrs. Elizabeth Poole, (Taunton.) 

Her Will is dated 17 3 mo., 1654, Aged 65 yrs. " Being sicke and weake 
under the vistation of the Lord, yett being of p'"fect memory, & under- 
standing, and willing to set my house in order according to the direc- 
tion and message of the Lord unto Hezekiah, when he was sicke, that 
I might leave mine affairs soe as might bee peaceable and comfortable to 
my friends remaining behind me, I therefore committ my body to the 
grave according to the appointment of god, whoe tooke me from the 
dust, and saith wee shall return unto the dust, there to remaine untill the 
resurection, and my soul into the hand of god, my heavenly father, 
through Jesus Christ, whoe is to me all in all, and hath as I believe and 
arae persuaded througli the mercy of God reconciled mee unto god, and 
taken away the guiltiness of sin and fear of death, which would other- 
wise have been heavy to bear, and makes me willing to leave the world, 
and desire to be with Christ, which is best of all. And as to that portion 
of wordly goods which the Lord of his mercy hath yet continued unto 
me, I give and bequeath as followeth : " 

To my brother Gapt. Williajn Poole of Taunton, my house now occupied 
by him, which I built, and have lived in until of late. To my " cousen" 
John Pole, " my brothers eldest sonne," I give him, if he marries before 
his father dies, the house I now live in, which I bought of Robert Thorn- 
ton. To my " cousens " Timothy and Mary. To the church of Taunton. 
To my " cousen John Pole, my |)ts in the Iron works to be for the fur- 
therance of him in learning, which I desire him to attend unto." The 
same provisions were made for Nathaniel Pole. To my " kind old frind, 
sister Margery Paule, widdow." I appoint John Pole my executor, 
and my " frinds Richard Williams and Walter Deane, deacon of the 
Chuich of Taunton, and Oliver Pnrchis," my overseers. 
Witnessed by James Wyate, Oliver Purchis, Richard Williams. 

She died May 21, 1654. Her Inventory taken by Wm. Hailstone. 
£188. lis. 7d. 

[Tb he continued.^ 



1851.] 



Witchcraft in Hingham, 
WITCHCRAFT IN HINGHAM. 



263 



Hingham the 7th of February 170-|. 
Whereas we under-written, have heard that there are scandalous Re- 
ports of the widow Mahitabel Warran of plimouth, we Knowing that she 
was brought up in this place, k, in her younger time had been A person 
of great affliction before she was married, and hath lined in this towne 
diuers years in her Widowhood, & We neuer have had any thoughts, or 
sispition, nor have neuer heard that any amongst us have had the least 
suspition that euer she was guilty of the sin of being a witch, or anything 
that may occation such suspition of her. 

Hingham, February 10th, 1708-9. 
I having had knowledg this eleuen yars of the above named mahitable 
waren & being her phisition doe know that she has bene a woman of great 
afliction by reason of many distemprs of body but never hard nor had 
thought that Euer she was gilty of any such thing as above named but 
contrary wise did & doe belive that God gave her a sanctified improve- 



ment of his aflictive hand to her. 

Mathew Whitun 
Debora Whitun 
Samuell Tower 
Deborah Tower 
John Lewes 
Hannah Lewes 
Andrew Lane 
Joseph Joy 
elesebeth Lane 
Martha Stodder 
David Thaxter 
Alise Thaxterf 
Samuell Thaxterf 
Ruth Andrews 
Ruth Low — 
Thomas Marsh 
Sarah Marsh 
Joseph Lincolne 
Enoch witon 
Samuel Lincon 
Joshu Tucker 
Martha Lincolne 
Dauid Lincolne 
Margret Lincolne 
Samuel Hobbart 
Hannah Tucker 
James Hearsey 
Susannah Heasrey 
Mary May 
Josiah Loring 
Samuel Eells 



Nathaniel Hall 
Ann Hall* 

Sarah Ells 
John Norton 
Mary Norton 
Thomas Gill 
Thomas Andrews 
Abigail Andrews 
David Hobart 
Leah Hobart 
Benlamin Lincolne 
Mary Lincolne 
Daniell Gushing 
Elizebeth Gushing 
Matthew Gushing 
Thomas Loring 
Leah Loring 
Matthew Gushing 
Deborah Gushing 
Presarued Hall 
Leddia Hall 
Thomas Sayer 
Sarah Sayer 
Peter Jacob 
Hannah Jacob 
Elisha Bisbe 
Mary Bisbe 
The" Gushing 
[?] Gushing 
Benianim Parneel§ 
Edmond Gross 
Ruth Bate 



* Presumed to mean as we have given it, hut the signature would answer for almost 
any other name of an equal number of letters. She was probably the wife of Natkl 
Idall^ whose name is next above. 

1 Alice wife of David Thaxter. 

t Mr. Lincoln thinks this " cannot well be twisted into Samuel Thaxter," but I have 
very little doubt in the matter. 

^ This, Mr. Lincoln thinks, should be Benjamin Garnet, since Gardner^ but the MS. 
will not allow of the change. The Benjamin is very plain. 
14* 



264 Declaration of the JnliaUtants of Scarborough, ^c. [April, 



A DECLARATION OF THE INHABITANTS OF SCAR- 

BOROUGH, &C. 

1663 ) A Declnration of y® Townes of Scarborow & Ffalmouth Black 
4 July ) Point & Casco to be Presented to y^ Hon^ Court att York. 

Wee y^ Subscribers according to a petition presented by some of vs to 
y® lion'^ Generall Court of y*^ Massachusetts doe lierby Declare that we 
are not willing to contend or Determine who shall be our Gouernours butt 
in that to submit to whom itt shall please y^ Lord & our Soueraing to ap- 
point ouer vs Neither to resist any power whereby any man shall be legal- 
lie cast in any Civill action Capitall or Criminall. 

Yett wee are nott willing to subiect or submit ourselves to y* claims of 
either Authorities in this province or Countie for fear of bringing our 
selues into further trouble till itt shall bee Determined by his Maiestie our 
Soueraing Lord y® King to whom we properlie belong, but if itt shall so 
please y^ Claimes of both Authorities to act according to y® agreement all 
wels wee shall willinglie and Chearfulli Submitt thereto Till wee haue a 
definite resolution from our Soueringe AYee doe Likewise Declare our 
greife of Spiritt for y^ hard and vnciuill cariage & vsage w^'^ not Long 
since exercised vpon an Antient officer amongst vs who acted in his Maiesties 
Name and for ought we know by Authoritie Deriued from him and y^ Day lie 
threatnings which are Daylie putt forth concerning them y* joyned with 
him in acting & those y* obayed in submitting and as wee conceiue in Con- 
fidence wee are bound to Doe the vtmost of ovr endeauors for y* preseruation 
of any from amongst vs to be vsed in y® Like manner by reason wee are 
fullie perswaded y* y® Hon^ Covrt neur gaue any order for svch actings and 
y* some of vs haue often heard him & others declare y* if y^ H*^ General 
Covrt had ovght to say against them they would be willing to goe if they 
sent but y^ Least officer for them. Subscribed by vs fourth day of 
Juli 1663. 



Ambros bowdin Senior 

Roger Vicars 

Michall Maddine 

Joell Maddine 

Tho Hamett 

Samuel Gakman 

Walter Kendall 

Authur Alger 

And [blot] Alger [or Algar] 

Tho : Elkin 

Mr. W" Smith 

]Mr. R chard Foxwell 

John Timin 

John Li bee Senior 

John Jackson 

Peter Hinkson 

Christopher Elkins 

Antonie Roe 

William Smallall 

Jonas Bayli 

Christopher Collins 

Andrew l^rowne 

IMiillip Griffin 

George Bartlctt ]/ 



John Kowell 
Mr. Henry Watts 
John Libbee Jun"^ 
John Austin 
Jane Mackwprth widow 
Ffrancis Neall 
Richard Martin \ 
Ffrancis Small 
Rob* Corbin 
George Ffelt 
Nathaniell Whorf 
Thomas Sandford 
Robert Sandford 
Benjamin Hatwell 
John Guye 
Samson Penlie 
Theod Cleark 
Lawrence Dauis 
Thomas Greenslad 
Edward Mannering ., 
slohn Winter 



f 



/ 



'WilTBatten [?] 
Ralph Turner 



/ 



Ongmal Paper. 



1851.] Notices of New Publications. 265 



NEW PUBLICATIONS. 

Report of the City Registrar of the Births^ Marriages^ and Deaths, in the 
City of Boston, for the year 18;j0. Boston: 1851. J. H. Eastburn, 
City Printer. 

It is much to be regretted that the pages of the Register are not sufficiently numerous 
to allow the publication of the entire report of Mr. Simonds, the indefatigable City 
Registrar, and that a few extracts from this valuable document are all that can be 
given at this time. 

The Revised City Ordinances require that " the Registrar shall, in the month of 
January annually, report to the City Council, a statement of the number of Births, of 
Intentions of Marriage entered according to law, of Marriages solemnized, and of 
Deaths recorded during the previous year, with such other information and sugges- 
tions in relation thereto as he may deem useful." In compliance with this requisition 
the Report above mentianed was made. 

The Registrar informs that " the older records in this office are regarded by anti- 
quarians and genealogists as of great value, and those of later date are often exam- 
ined and found useful in reference to numerous questions, arising in the distribution 
of estates, in the obtaining of pensions, and many other matters of jjrivate and public 
interest." In regard to births we are told that " five thousand two hundred and seven- 
ty-nine births are registered for the year 18.50,'' being an increase of two hundred over 
those of the year 1849 ; and that " it is evident that the Registration of Births is re- 
garded with increasing favor, as the object and its benefits are better understood." 

Respecting marriages and intentions of marriage we are informed by the report that 
"during the past year, 2557 Intentions of Marriage have been registered, one or both 
of the parties, in each case, being described as residing in Boston. The number of 
marriages actually returned by officiating Clergymen and Magistrates and recorded, 
is 2467, which includes 247 cases, in which both parties were from other places, and 
whose intentions of course were not entered here, but in their respective towns and 
cities. The marriages recorded for 1850, are more than twice the number of any pre- 
ceding year, although there has been no material increase in the number of Intentions 
of marriage entered. It is thus seen that there has been a commendable improve- 
ment in making returns for registration by Clergymen and Magistrates." 

" The records are often examined to prove marriages and legitimacy, for the benefit 
of widows and heirs." 

" A full index of the names of parties entering Intentions of Marriage, as well as 
of parties actually married, is now kept in a convenient form, and is found of great 
utility. Before July, 1849, female parties were never indexed, and attempts to find 
any given name, unless the date can be nearly stated, are laborious and discouraging." 

'•From 1751 to 1761, we have no records of Boston marriages, and from the latter 
period to 1850, it is probable that only about one half are on record. In cases where 
the record of a marriage cannot be found, partial evidence of the fact may be obtained 
from the entry of intention for publishment. There are eighteen volumes in this 
office, forming a complete series of intentions entered irom the year 1707 to July, 
1849." 

'• The whole number of Deaths^ registered as having occurred in the City, including 
those who died at Deer Island, is 3,667, being about 1400 less than in 1849, and less 
in proportion to population, than in the two preceding years. A kind Providence has 
mercifully preserved the community from pestilential scourges ; the only epidemic 
that has prevailed with severity last year, being Small Pox, which caused 192 deaths." 

" It is thus seen, that Boston still maintains its satisfactory sanitary reputation, [n 
every part of the City, where the dwellings are fit for human habitation, tolerably 
ventilated and drained, and where the population live with decent regard to health, 
human life may be considered as secure as in any populous town." 

"By an analysis of the ages of more than two thousand who died in 1850, taken 
from all the seasons of the year, it is found that the average period of human life in 
Boston, is less than twenty-one years ; that those of American origin, average over 
twenty-five years, while those of Foreign origin average scarcely seventeen years. 
The great proportion of infants of foreign parentage, that live only a few days or 
weeks, is the principal explanation of the difference." 

Of the 3667 Interments^ 821 have been in the City proper, 172 in South Boston, 306 
in East Boston, 198 at the House of Industry, 2 at the House of Correction, 163 at 
Beer Island, and 2005 out of precincts of the city. 

We also learn by this Report that 



266 Notices of New Publications, [April, 

"In 1845, the population of Boston consisted of 

Americans and their Children, . . . \ . 77,077 
Foreigners and their Children, 37,289 

Total, 114,366 

In 1850, according to the Census taken in May, for State and City purposes, the 
population consisted of 

Americans and their Children, 75,322 

Foreigners and their Children, 63,466 

Total, 138,788 

It is thus seen that there ha? been in five years, an actual dimunition of 1755 in the 
American, and an increase of 26,177 in the foreign population." 

" In compliance with the State law, copies of the records of births, marriages, and 
deaths, have been prepared and deposited in the Office of the Secretary of the Com- 
monwealth. These copies are made from 690 pages of records, equal to about 1400 
pages of letter size." 

The tables at the end of the Report are truly valuable and instructive. 

A Century Sermon delivered at Hopkinton, Ms., on Lord's day, Dec. 24. 
1851 . By Nath'l Howe, A.M., Pastor of the Church. Fourth Edition. 
With a Memoir of the Author and Explanatory Notes, by Elias 
Nason, A.M. 8vo. Boston: 1851. pp.56. 

That a Century Sermon should be of interest enough to have four editions of it 
called for, even in four times ten years, is, to say the least, what happens to but few 
of such productions ; but whoever has read this by the Rev. Mr. Howe, will only 
wonder that twice that number of editions have not been called for in half that num- 
ber of years. For, in the language of its learned editor, it is " a diamond of the first 
water { an honest transcript of what an honest man thought ; and is the best biogra- 
phy which can ever be written of its author." 

To this edition of " Tlie Celebrated Century Sermon," the Editor, Mr. Nason, 
has added copious and very valuable notes ; biographical, genealogical, and historical. 
The Memoir of Mr. Howe is a neat and excellent piece of biography ; and no one, 
we venture to say, can read it without profit, or leave it half read when once he has 
begun it. We hope the edition is large, as it should be extensively circulated. 

Border Adventures: or, TJie Romantic Incidents of a New England 
Town ; and other Poems, With an Appendix. By Eugene Batch- 
elder, author of the Extravaganza, entitled, a " Romance of the Sea 
Serpent, or Icthyosaurus." 12mo. Boston : 1851. 

New Ipswich, N. H., is quite a famous town, but like numerous other towns, its fame 
was somewhat confined ; there being scarcely room enough in the community for it 
to expand ; other and older towns having got the start of her. But not many years 
since, a certain enterprising merchant of Boston, who happened to be born in New 
Ipswich, having been led captive by a Spirit of Antiquity, very properly began to 
enquire into the beginnings of his native town ; and though for a long time he met 
with many discouragements — seeking for records and finding none — by a persever- 
ance, which the uninitiated might say would do honor to a better cause, he fished up 
from cellars and down from garrets a mass of materials which astonished everybody, 
but none more than himself. Compelled to be brief, we can only add, that it was 
found that Sept. the Uth, 1850, completed a century since New Ipswich was a town. 
It was therefore determined that a celebration should on that day be enacted. The 
Poem of which we have given the title above, was delivered on that occasion, and an 
oration or address was also delivered by A. A. Gould, M. D., of Boston. This last has 
not, we believe, been printed. But our poet tells us in the following lines to whom 
we arc to look for a history of New Ipswich, and they will also explain to whom we 
have alluded — the prime mover in the matter : 

The Applctons and Chandlers also came, 
To link New Ipswich with their growing fame; 
The Chandlers on Skowhegan built a mill, 
And Kidder '11 point you to its ruins still. 



1851.] 



3Iarriages and Deaths* 



267 



MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 



MARRIAGES. 

Brown, Wm. Locke, Esq., of South 
Rcadinc^, to Miss Frances Matilda, 
daughter of Mr. Robert Oliver, 23 Jan- 
uary, at South Reading. 

Haddock, Mr Lorexzo K., of Buffalo, 
N. Y., to Miss Sarah Elizabeth Bige- 
low, at Buffalo, 16 October, 18.50; by 
the Rev. M. L. R. P. Thompson, D.D. 



DEATHS. 

BixBY, Mart Greenwood, widow of the 
late Seargent Sam'l Bixby, Millbury, 3 
January, aged 93 yrs. 6 mos. 26 ds. 

Her husband joined Capt. Isaac Bolster's 
Company of Sutton, who opened his 
recruiting rendezvous in that town, 27 
April, 1775; and on the 6th of May 
following, in the evening, the company 
was encamped at Head quarters in 
Roxbury, where it was stationed eight 
months, during the seige of Boston. 
He served in other campaigns. Both 
became pensioners, and both, during 
their long lives, were patriotic and de- 
votedly pious. — Communicated. 

Chesley. Mr. James, Rochester, Jan. 
13th. Had he lived until the 25th inst., 
he would have been one hundred and one 
years old. The subject of this notice 
originated from an ancient and respect- 
ble family. He married a worthy lady, 
a daughter of Ensign Furber of Roch- 
ester, and a sister to the late Gen. 
Richard Furber, of Farmington. They 
had a family of eleven children, ten of 
whom married in early life. Fifty years 
ago last October, his amiable wife was 
taken from him by death. He never 
seemed to know what trouble was until 
his children were motherless, and him- 
self a disconsolate mourner. Subse- 
quently he married the second time, 
and removed from Rochester to Ports- 
mouth, where he resided a number of 
years. His second wife having gone to 
her rest, his active year's gone by, and 
his eye-sight fast leaving him, he re- 
turned to Rochester, where he spent 
several of the last years of his life with 
his daughter, Mrs.'Mary Home. Kine 
of his children survive him, a large 
number of grand-children, and great- 
grand-children, and between twelve and 
twenty grand children's grand-children, 
amounting in all to between two and 
three hundred. The funeral services 
were performed on the 16th, in presence 
of a large number of relations and 
friends. Sermon bv the writer, founded 
on 2 Cor. 5: l. — E. Place. 

Hayward, Mrs. Experience, relict of 
Hon. Beza Hayward, d. at Plymouth, 
4 March, in the 89th year of her age. 



She was dau. of Ichabod and Priseilla 
Shaw of Plymouth. 
Plummei^, Hon. William, Epping, 22 
Dec. 1850, in the 92d year of his age; 
one of the few survivors of the revolu- 
tionary period, and preserved to the 
last much of the primitive simplicity of 
manners and the hardy virtues of that 
early age of our republic. He was born 
at Newbury, June 25, 1759, in what was 
then the province of Massachusetts. 
He removed with his father from that 
place in 1768, to Epping in New Hamp- 
shire, where he continued to reside till 
his death. His first public employment 
was in the humljle yet not unimportant 
offices of his adopted town, whose af- 
fairs he managed for many years, to its 
general satisfaction. He was elected 
to the Legislature, as a member of the 
House of Representatives in 1785, 1788, 
1790, 1791, 1797, 1798, 1800 and 1801. 
He was two years Speaker of the 
House, and also for two years President 
of the Senate, in 1810 and '11. He was 
admitted to the Bar in 1787, and con- 
tinued in the practice of the law till 
1809. In 1791 and 1792 he was a mem- 
ber of the Convention which formed 
the present Constitution of the State. 
He was for some years Solicitor for the 
county of Rockingham, which office he 
resigned on being elected to the Senate 
of the United States in 1802. In 1812 
he was chosen Governor of New Hamp- 
shire, which office he also held in 1816, 
1817, and 1818. He was one of the 
Presidential Electors in 1820, which 
was his last public employment. His 
health had become, about this time, 
very seriously impaired, and he declined 
ever after being a candidate for any 
office. 

He thenceforth devoted himself to 
study. The love of learning had al- 
ways been his ruling passion. He had 
sought money ; for it was necessary to 
independence ; he had accepted office ; 
for he was fond of distinction ; and he 
felt that he owed a duty to his country, 
which he could thus best perform. But 
his fondness for books seemed a native 
taste, which required no adventitous 
aid ; and his love of literary labor was 
its own best reward. In the seclusion 
of a country residence, surrounded by 
his family and his friends, he found for 
nearly thirty years his chief occupation 
and his greatest pleasure in the quiet pur- 
suits of literature. Until he was more 
than eighty years of age his relish for 
these studies was unabated, and his 
fondness of them seemed to increase 
with every year of their indulgence. 
He gave occasionally to the public 
some of the fruits of his studies, in the 
periodicals of the day ; and a series of 



268 



Marriages and Deaths, 



[April, 



papers, under the signature of " Cin- 
cinnatttis,^^ had a wide circulation and 
■were much admired. The larger por- 
tion, however, of his writings, remain in 
manuscript, though even wiiat was pub- 
lished would form several volumes. 

He had not the advantage of a liber- 
al education, and knew no language but 
his own ; yet few men Avrite with more 
accurracy and precision than he did, or 
have a better command of a pure idio- 
matic English style than his writings 
display. He Avas an Honorary Member 
of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 
of the American Antiquarian Society, 
of the Danish Antiquarian Society, of 
the New Hampshire Historical Society, 
(of which he was the first President.) 
and of various literary and other asso- 
ciations. 

The strength of his convictions and 
the ardor of his temper carried him 
with zeal into the support of Avhatever 
cause he espoused ; and as he lived and 
acted in times of great party violence, 
he had, while a candidate for public 
office, his full share both of the praises 
and the denunciations to which public 
men are so generally exposed. This 
excess, however, whether of admiration 
cr condemnation, had very little influ- 
ence on his feelings or his conduct ; and 
in the long evening of life which fol- 
lowed his retirement from public busi- 
ness, he had early learned to look back 
with pity or indifference on the calum- 
nies of his enemies and the misapprehen- 
sions of his political opponents. He ever 
retained a lively sense of gratitude 
towards the friends of his youth and 
his manhood, and a just respect for and 
liberal estimate of the merits of the 
many distinguished men Avith whom it 
was his fortune to act. His conversa- 
tion respecting them was replete with 
curious anecdotes and striking traits of 
character, which he knew how to relate 
in the most interesting and attractive 
manner. In these conversations, as in 
his more deliberate writings, he seldom 
failed to do justice to the true charac- 
ters of the parties concerned, with very 
little regard to the relations, whether 
friendly or otherwise, which they had 
borne to himself personally. The pas- 
sions and the prejudices of that earlier 
period he had long since outlived, and 
while looking with indulgence on the 
errors, he might not unnaturally claim 
the same lenity of judgment for his own. 

For the last few years of his long 
life he felt sensibly the decays of 
nature ; and sunk at length, as the 
shades of death darkened around him, 
with cheerful acquiescence, and in the 
closi!ig scene, without a struggle or a 
groan, into the quiet of the grave. 
"An old man, and full of years, he was 
gathered to his people." ' His was in- 



deed that most desirable consummation 
of life, predicted by Tiresias to Ulysses 
in the shades, " A gentle death, which 
shall come upon thee when thou art 
subdued by a happy old age, and thy 
children are happy around thee. — Ports- 
mouth Journal. 

The common ancestor of the Plura- 
mer family in this country was Fran- 
cis Plummer, who took the freeman's 
oath at Boston, 14 May, 1634, and was 
one of the original grantees of New- 
bury, where he settled. He died there 
17 Jan., 1672. His oldest son Avas Sam- 
uel, b. 1619, made a freeman 2 June, 
1641, d. 1682. Samuel's fourth son, 
named Sylvanus, b. 22 Feb., 1658. 
freeman 30 May, 1690, d. about 1728, 
Sylvanus' second son, named Sam- 
uel, b. 1685 or 1686, d. in 1759 or 
1760. This Samuel's second son, Sam- 
uel, b. 14 Jan., 1722, m. Mary Dole, 8 
April, 1755. These Avere the parents of 
the subject of this article. Gov. Plumer's 
Avife Avas ^arah Foidcr, of the IpsAvich 
family of that name, yet living. He had 
two brothers and several sisters ; of the 
former. Col. Daniel Plumer is still Ha'- 
ing, in his 81st year, on the old estate oc- 
cupied by his father. His Avife was Sa- 
rah, daughter of Simon Drake, of Ep- 
ping, also living, in her 79th 3'ear. One 
of Go A'. Plumer's sisters Avas wife of Col, 
Daniel Cilley, of Epsom, N. H.,both de- 
ceased. Gov. Plumer had several sons, 
but no daughters. William, the oldest. 
H. C, 1809, M. C, 1819 to 1825: re- 
sides in Epping. 

Stickney, Mr. Benjamin, Hallowell 
Me., 10 Oct., 1850, 02. 91 ; a pensioner ol 
the Revolution. 

AViLDER, Mrs. Anna S., Rindge, N. H. 
5 Feb., ». 72 ; Avife of Samuel Locke 
Wilder, Esq., and mother of the Hon. 
Marshall P. Wilder, of this city. 

WoRMELEY, James Prerle, at the Ne\i 
York Hotel, Ncav York city, 10 Jan., x. 
25 years ; a civil engineer, only son 0; 
Rear Admiral Ralph Randolph Wormc 
ley, R.N., and grandson, on his mother ^ 
side, of Ebenezer Preble, Esq., form- 
erly merchant of Boston, and tli( 
brother of Commodore EdAvard Preble 
Young Wormeley Avas educated as i 
civil engineer under the direction anc 
tuition of the celebrated Mr. Brunal 
and Avas esteemed by him a young mar 
of talent and capacity. He had beci 
recently engaged as Engineer on th( 
Baltimore and Ohio railroad, and but i 
short time previous to his decease re 
ceived an ajipointment as Chief Engi 
neer of the Syracuse railroad, N. York 
Avhich he accepted, but Avhich his failing 
health obliged him to resiun. His fa 
thcr. Rear Admiral Wormeley, is a de 
scendant of old Virginia families. ^Hi 
mother being the daughter of Sir Join 
Randolph, the last Attorney General un 



851.] 



Marriages and Deaths, 



269 



der the Colonial Government, and her 
brother was Edmund Randolph, Secre- 
tary of the 1st Congress. The Worme- 
ley's can be traced without difficulty to 
1312,in Yorkshire,England,and the name 
is found in all the early annals of Virgi- 
nia. The Admiral's children are the 
first born out of that State for 200 years. 
James Preble Wormeley was born on 
his grandfather's estate, near Water- 
town, now the residence of Mr. Cush- 
ing, and his remains are entombed un- 
der Trinity Church, Boston. 

On his mother's side he is descended 
from Abraham Preble, who emigrated 
from England, 1636, with the " men of 
Kent ;" and of Judith, daughter of Elder 
Nathaniel Tilden, of Scituate, born in 
England, and married 1642. 

Their son Benjamin married Mary 

. Their son Brigadier Gen. Jedi- 

dia Preble, m. 2d wife Mehitable Bangs, 
widow of John lloberts, Jr. Their son 

Ebenezer Preble m. . Their dau. 

Caroline, the mother of James Preble 
Wormeley. — Communicated. 
Wentworth, Col. Ariel, at Rochester, 
N. Y., 18 December, 1850, for many 
years Police Justice of that city, leaving 
an aged mother, a wife and six children 
(the oldest 17 and the youngest 4) who 
were dependent upon him for support. 
He was a descendant of Elder William 
Wentworth, of Dover, N. H., whose son 
Paul'-^ had a large family of children, all 
of whom were baptized in the old church 
of Rowley, Mass., and the time of whose 
births is correctly given in the article of 
the Wentworth family in the October 
No. of the Genealogical Register, 1850. 
June 29, 1707, Paul-^ and his wife 
Catherine were dismissed from the 
church in Rowley, Mass., to the church 
in New London, Conn. lie must have 
been at Rowley as early as 1 68 1 or 1 682, 
since he was one of the thirty-six mem- 
bers of the Church where the Rev. 
Edward Payson was settled, Oct. 25, 
1682, although he commenced preach- 
ing there in 1680, and received a call 
August 17, 1681. The thirty-six names 
appear to have been written by Mr. Pay- 
son himself when he was settled. The 
last trace we have of this Paul-^ Went- 
worth is found in all old book at Nor- 
wich, Conn., containing a list of the allot- 
ment of lands in town, where in 1732 
there is "a grant to Paul Wentworth of 
two and one half acres of land on the East 
side of Shetucket River, near his dwell- 
ing house, being a narrow strip of land 
between land of Nathaniel Leffingwell 
and the County lTcmd^laITngT?r'jj§?t'ln 
satisfaction for his farm being laid out 
to him 1 ipping on land of Thomas Lc£- 
,fij[igwelL" This is all the record of him 
afterHie left Rowley that any one has 
been able to g*.t. His daughter Cathe- 
rine^, March 22, 1713, m. Daniel Chap- 



man, of Colchester, Conn. Mercy^, 
April 5, 1707, m. John Chapman, of 
Ipswich, Mass. Mary^, April 23, 1707, 
m. Joseph Chapman, of Rowley, Mass. 
Nothing is known of his other daughters 
as yet. Of his sons, Sylvanus'^ April, 
1723, m. Eleanor Davis, of Rowley. 
PauF was an " Inn holder" and " ferry 
man" at Kittery, Maine, and had a wife 
Jane and children. Jane"* and Cathe- 
rine'* baptized April 1,1716, Paul"*, Aug. 
24, 1718, and Mary^ July 1 0th, 1717. 
In August, 1724, Paul'^ of Kittery, mar- 
ried his second wife Rebecca Jackish, of 
Ncwington, and this is the last we know 
of PauP and Sylvanus'^ or any of their 
descendants. Besides what is contain- 
ed in the Wentworth article in this Re- 
gister of October, 1850; nothing is 
known save that the deceased is believ- 
ed to be a descendant from Paul's son 
Ebenezer^. born June 18, 1683, who is 
given in your Register as marrying in 
1735 at Norwich, Conn., Ann Staskin 
(Haskin?) His son Ebenezer"*, Jr., mar- 
ried a Miss Fox and settled at Covent- 
ry, Conn., where it is said his brother 
Ezekiel* also settled. This Ebenezer* 
had a son Daniel^, born at Coventry, 
Conn., who married Susanna Turner, of 
Mansfield, Conn. They moved to 
Hindsdale, Massachusetts, where she 
died in 1827, aged about 70, and he, 
after becoming a pensioner for his revo- 
lutionary services, died in 1840, aged 
about 83. They had six sons and four 
daughters, viz: Ariel^, born at Hinsdale 
about 1781, John^, born in Coventry, 
Conn., April 8, 1783, married about the 
year 1806 Polly Parsons, of Worthing- 
ton, Mass., and had ten children, and 
now lives in Luzerne, New York, and 
his son DanieF, at Hartford, Conn., 
Sylvanus'^, at Russia, New York, and 
David'^, at St. Louis, Mo., Susanna^, 
born about 1786, married Azel Webster, 
of Worthington, Mass., DanieF, born 
May 5, 1788, and died in Tollingford, 
Ct., Jany. 1st, 1851, married in Hins- 
dale in 1811, to Mary Hardin, Han- 
nah^, married in 1811, Justice Webster, 
of Worthington, Mass, Levi^, died at 
Clarkson, on Sandy Creek, New York, 
about 1817 or 1818, leaving no family, 
Elijah^, born 1800, married 1st. Caroline 
Stowell in 1824, and 2d, in 1839, Cyn- 
tha Stowell, and had by both five child- 
ren, Amanfla'^born about 1797, (married 
in 1833, William Clark, of Hinsdale,) 
David^ born Feb. 3rd, 1803. in Hins- 
dale, Mass., married in 1842, Naomi 
Hall, of Riga, Monroe Co., New York ; 
live at Hinsdale and have four children, 
Lucinda'', born in Washington, Mass., 
1795, lives single with David^; Ariel^, 
or Daniel's^ oldest son, father of the de- 
ceased Col Ariel", Jr., moved to Otse- 
go Co., and was married in October, 
1808, to Clarissa Bissell, of Hartwick, 



270 



List of Memhers^ Notices, ^c. 



[April, 



in that Co. In 1818, they removed to 
that part of Monroe Co., iNew York, 
known as Sandy Creek, where he died 
at Clarkson, on the 27th August, 1819, 
and his widow still lives at Rocliester. 
They had five children, ArieF, Dennis'^, 
died August 23d, 1819, Clarissa, Verona'^ 
died in infancy, Delos", now a lawyer in 



Rochester, Levi7, died Sept. 12. 1819. 
ArieP, began the study of the law in 
in Rochester in 1826, with Selleck 
Boughton, Esq., and there married Ma- 
ria 131air in 18'32, where he was City 
Clerk, Police Justice, and Col. of the 
18th Regiment of Riflemen. 



The following gentlemen have been elected members of the Society, 
since the commencement of the present year. 

Hon. Samuel D. Bell, of Manchester, Corresponding member, 

Hon. Chandler E. Potter, " " " 

Henry Brooks, Esq., of Boston, Resident " 

Henry A. Scudder, Esq., " " " 

Mr. Sylvester Bliss, " « « 

Jacob Q. Kettell, Esq., « « " 

Ballard Smith, Esq., Louisville, Ky., Corresponding " 

Nathaniel Sargent, Esq., "Washington, D. C, '^ " 

Mr. John W. Parker, Roxbury, Resident " 

Mr. Edward Kidder, Wilmington, N. C, Corresponding " 



Guy C. Haynes, Esq., East Boston, 
Hon. Amasa W^alker, " 
Hon. Francis Brinley, " 
Mr. John I. Baker, Beverly, 
Mr. John R. Rollins, Boston, 
Mr. Daniel C. Colesworth, Boston, 
Mr. William G. Brooks, " 



Resident 



« 



a 



The N. E. Historic- Genealogical Society will hold its meetings regu- 
larly during the summer season, the first Wednesday in every month, at 
4 o'clock, P. M., at No. 11| Tremont Row. 



A list of the donors to the Society's Library, not having been furnished 
for publication, is necessarily deferred. 



Errata for the Rogers Memoir. — Page 107 I. Sfrfoot {jnisphced. — P. 108 /. 20 
r. one. — /. 25 r. shalt. — /. 26 r. wilt. — P. 110/. 1, add, afttr asked, again. — /. 2,ybr our 
r. one, bishop's and, and not Bishop's of; /. 12, r. for four ; /. 18, r. could ; /. 19 add and 
obey thereto ; P. 1 1 1, /. 12 r. livings, and had never after Jan'y ; /• 17, add at afternoon ; 




:^/ 



V' 







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xB^^ftcc^ ~^-n^An^. ^-.^l^^'fS 



^y7r/J///dJ //w^L J?K 







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o, A.Sdiuii' ciml T. I\iiVy yr 



NEW ENGLAND 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER. 

VOL. V. JULY, 185L NO. 3. 



MEMOIR OF MAJOR GENERAL ARTEMAS WARD. 

Extracted from the Genealogy of the " Ward Pamily," by Andrew Henshaw 
Ward, Esq., just published. With a Portrait. 

The family from which Gen. Ward was descended, was one of 
those early settled in New England. The precise period at which 
his ancestor, William Ward, arrived in the country, has not yet 
been ascertained, but it was in or before 1639; as in this year he 
was among the proprietors of lands in Sudbury, in the colony of 
Massachusetts Bay. He had fourteen children, the seventh of 
which bore his own christian name, and was born in the year 
1640, This son appears to have had, by his wife, Hannah, 
daughter of Gershom Eames, six children ; among whom was 
a son Nahum, born in 1684, who married Martha, daughter of 
Daniel How, of Marlborough. He was a proprietor and one of 
the first settlers of Shrewsbury, in Massachusetts, and held vari- 
ous public offices, as judge of the Court of Common Pleas, 
Colonel, 6ic. He died at the age of 70, in the year 1754. He 
had a family of seven children, the sixth of which was the sub- 
ject of this brief memoir. 

General Artemas Ward was born on the 27th of November, 
in the year 1727, married Sarah, daughter of the Rev. Caleb 
Trowbridge, of Groton, July 31st, 1750. She was born in 1724. 
Her grand father was Deacon James Trowbridge, of Newton, 
who was son of Thomas, of Dorchester. The mother of Mrs. 
Ward was Hannah, daughter of the Reverend Nehemiah Wal- 
ter, of Roxbury, by Sarah, daughter of Doctor Increase Mather, 
of Boston, by Maria, daughter of the Rev. John Cotton, the dis- 
tinguished pastor of the first church in Boston, who came to New 
England in 1633, and died in 1652, aged sixty-seven. 

Artemas Ward resided at Shrewsbury, but did not study a 
profession. At the age of 25 years, he was commissioned a 
Justice of the Peace; in 1755, a Major in the 3d Regiment of 
Militia, in the counties of Middlesex and Worcester, whereof 
Abraham Williams, Esquire, of Marlborough, was Colonel ; and, 
1 



272 3Iemoir of Major General Arlemas Ward. [July, 

in 1758, was Major in the Regiment of foot commanded by Wil- 
liam Williams, raised for a general invasion of Canada. He 
went out on that ill-fated expedition, under the command of Gen- 
eral Abercrombie, from which he returned with the rank of Lieu- 
tenant Colonel. The frequent wars, between England and 
France, involved the American Colonies in the contests of the 
mother country until the conquest of Canada, in 1760. Our 
northern frontier was long the principal battle-ground, where the 
Provincials, co-operating with regular and well disciplined troops 
under the command of experienced officers, were at school in 
learning the art of war, and therein made such proficiency, that 
in a short time they coped with their teachers, and, possessing an 
unconquerable spirit and love of liberty, turned them out of the 
school-house and retained possession for themselves and their 
posterity — forever may they keep it I 

Artemas Ward succeeded Abraham Williams, in the command 
of the 3d Regiment, and represented his native town in the Gen- 
eral Court; where he took an active part in the controversies be- 
tween the Colonial Governors and the House of Representatives 
that preceded the Revolution. 

Fearless in speech and resolute in manner, he boldly denounced 
such Parliamentary measures as encroached on the rights of the 
Colonies, and which the Governors, if they did not recommend, 
at least sought to enforce in oifensive language and by arbitrary 
means. The country was roused, and militia trainings became 
frequent ; some of whose officers gave political as well as mili- 
tary instruction to the troops under their command; such wa? 
Col. Ward's practice, which occasioned the following letter: — 

Boston, June 80, 1766. 
To Artemas Ward, Esquire. Sir: I am ordered by the Gov 
ernor to signify to you, that he has thought fit to supersede yom 
commission of Colonel in the Regiment of jNIilitia, lying in part 
in the County of Worcester, and partly in the County of Slid- 
dlesex. And your said commission is superseded accordingly 
I am, sir, your most ob't and humble ser't, 

John Cotton, Dep'ty Sec'y. 

The foregoing letter was forwarded by express, and the mes 
songer, as directed, delivered it himself to Colonel Ward, and 
then waited until he had opened and read it, as if to ascertain 
and report how it was received. As the messenger was in ful 
military costume and mounted on a foaming steed, he attracted 
the attention of many citizens, who were present, and who in- 
quired of Colonel Ward, if he had important news — whereupon 
he read the letter aloud, and then, turning to the messenger, said, 
" give my compliments to the Governor, and say to him, I con- 
sider myself Uvice honored, but more in being superseded, than in 
having been commissioned, and that I thank him for this," hold- 
ing up the letter, "since the motive that dictated it is evidence, 
that I a)n^ what lie is not, a friend to my conntrj/y 

In losing the conlidence of the Governor he shared more large- 



1851.] Memoir of Major General Artemas Ward. 273 

ly in that of the public. In 1768, the House of Representatives 
being disposed to surround the Governor with a Council com- 
posed of men proved and approved for their patriotism and fidel- 
ity, elected him as one of the members of that body. The Gov- 
ernor negatived the choice — some others shared the same fate. 
What a compliment to their integrity and vigilance in defending 
chartered rights! The people sustained their Representatives, 
and for so doing, were threatened with subjection by military 
force. The country was alarmed. Submission or resistance was 
the only alternative. Conventions were held, and through them 
the people, as with one voice, proclaimed resistance and their de- 
termination to repel force by force ; preparations for that purpose 
commenced ; and on the 27th of October, 1774, the Provincial Con- 
gress, then sitting at Cambridge, elected Jedediah Preble, Artemas 
Ward, and Seth Pomroy, General Officers, to take rank in the 
order above stated. Hostilities commenced at Lexington and 
Concord on the 19th of April, 1775, and, on the 20th, General 
Ward was at Cambridge ; where on that day he issued several 
general orders, and appointed Samuel Osgood, Esq., afterwards 
of Andover, and Joseph Ward, Esq., of Newton, his Aids-de- 
Camp ; the latter also officiated as his Secretary. Mr. Preble did 
not accept his appointment. It was not until the 19th of May 
following, that General Ward was appointed Commander-in-chief. 
On the 20th he received his commission, which was as follows : 

The Congress of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay. To the 
Honourable ARTEMAS WARD, Esquire, Greeting : -- 

We, reposing especial trust and confidence in your courage and 
good conduct, do by these presents constitute and appoint you, the 
said ARTEMAS WARD, to be GENERAL and COMMAND- 
ER-IN-CHIEF of all the forces raised by the Congress afore- 
said, for the defence of this and the other American Colonies. 

You are therefore carefully and diligently to discharge the duty 
of a General in leading, ordering, and exercising the Forces 
in Arms, both inferior officers and soldiers, and to keep them in 
good order and discipline ; and they are hereby commanded to 
obey you as their General ; and you are yourself to observe and 
follow such orders and instructions as you shall, from time to 
time, receive from this or any future Congress or House of Rep- 
resentatives of this Colony, or the Committee of Safety, so far 
as said Committee is empowered by their commission to order 
and instruct you for the defence of this and the other Colonies, 
and to demean yourself according to the military rules and disci- 
phne established by said Congress in pursuance of the trust re- 
posed in you. By order of the Congi'css. 

Dated 19th May, A.D. 1775. Jos. Warren, Pres. P. T. 

Middlesex, ss. May 20, 1775. 

The Honorable Artemas Ward, Esquire, took the oath ap- 
pointed by the Congress of the Colony of the Massachusetts 
Bay to be taken by the General Officers, and subscribed the same 
before me. Samuel Dexter, Justice of the Peace. 



274 Memoir of Major General Artemas Ward. [July, 

This commission did not authorize him to command the forces 
raised in the other Colonies, of which a considerable number 
arrived at Cambridge previous to the battle of Bunker Hill. 

A continental Congress assembled at Philadelphia in Sept. 
1774, and on the 15th day of June, 1775, made choice, unani- 
mously, of George Washington, to command all the Continental 
Forces raised or to be raised for the defence of American Liberty 
— and on the 17th, Artemas Ward, Esquire, was chosen first 
Maj. General, and Charles Lee, Esquire, second Maj. General. 

In April, 1776, Gen. Ward represented to Congress the feeble 
state of his health and his unwillingness to continue in office and 
receive its emoluments, while prevented by ill health from render- 
ing an equivalent in the service, and requested Congress to accept 
his resignation of the office of Maj. General. He continued in the 
service at the request of Gen. Washington and of the Continental 
Congress until the close of that year. In 1777, he was elected by 
the House of Representatives a member of the Executive Council of 
the State of Massachusetts, and by the Council, President of that 
Board ; and in 1779, appointed a member of the Continental Con- 
gress, but prevented by ill health from taking a seat in that body. 

After the adoption of the Federal Constitution, he was elected 
and re-elected a member of Congress. 

A monument in the burying-ground at Shrewsbury erected to 
his memory has the following inscription, containing a condensed 
account of the principal stations in which he acted his part in an 
eventful period of our country's history : — ^ 

Major General Artemas Ward, 

son of Col. Nahum Ward, 

H. U. 1748 ; 1762 a Justice, and 1776, Chief Justice of the 

C. C. Pleas for the County of Worcester. 

1758 a Major in the expedition against Canada. 

1759 appointed Col. ; 1766 his commission as Col. revoked 

for his inflexible opposition to arbitrary power ; 

whereupon he informed the Royal Governor 

that he had been tivice honored. 

1768 chosen one of the Executive Council and by the 

Royal Governor, and, for the same reason, negatived 

and deprived of a seat at that Board. 

1775 appointed to the command of the Army 

at Cambridge ; and by the Continental Congress, 

first Major General in the Army of the Revolution. 

1779 appointed a member of the Continental Congress and under 

the Federal Government, repeatedly elected a member. 

16 years a Rep. from this town in the Legislature, and in 1785 

Speaker of the House of Representatives. 

Firmness of mind and integrity of purpose were characteristic of his 

whole life — so that he was never swayed by the applause or censure 

of man, but ever acted under a deep sense of duty to his country 

and accountability to his God. 

Long will his memory be precious among the friends of 

Liberty and Religion. 

Oct. 27, 1800, JE. 73. 



1851.] 3Iemoir of Hugh Peters. 275 

MEMOIR OF HUGH PETERS. 

BY JOSEPH B. FELT. 
[ Continued from ilie last Historical and Genealogical Register ^ page 238.] 

Brought to experience what he often had occasion to express, 
that there is no eminence of human origin, which temporal 
changes may not overthrow, Bishop Laud is imprisoned. He is 
thus confined on the charge of treason against the State. 

1643, March 24. He notes in his diary ; " One IVIr. Foord told 
me, he is a Suffolk man, that there is a plot to send me and 
Bishop Wren to New England, within fourteen days. 

April 25. It was moved in the House of Commons, to send 
me to New England, but it was rejected. The plot was laid by 
Peters, Wells and others." This endeavor of Peters to have the 
Primate banished, instead of being put to death, accords with his 
repeated declarations, that his wish and exertion were to spare 
the Hves of the Royalists, who were in peril of public execution. 

Concerning his relative position, as to his distinguished bene- 
factors, Peters observes, " Upon my retui-n, was staid again from 
home by the Earl of Warwick, my patron, then by the Earl of 
Essex ; afterwards by the Parliament." Thus he failed of revisit- 
ing his American residence, for which he had strong desires, true 
affection and kind wishes. Had he known the end of such delay, 
his ardent aspiration would have been, — " The ill, I ask, deny." 

About this season of the year, " Church Government and 
Church Covenant," being a reply of our Elders to 82 questions 
sent over to them by ministers of England in 1640, is printed there 
and recommended by Peters. In his prefatory remarks, he refers to 
the ecclesiastical affairs of the kingdom. " I do conceive, that 
this sword will not be sheathed, which is now drawn, till church- 
work be better known. Presbytery and Independency are the 
ways of worship and church fellowship, now looked at, since we 
hope. Episcopacy is coffined out and will be buried without ex- 
pectation of another resurrection. We need not tell the wise, 
whence tyranny grew in Churches, and how Commonwealths got 
their pressure in the like kind. These be our sighs and hearty 
wishes, that self may be conquered in this poor nation, which 
shuts the door against these truths. Commonly, questions and 
answers clear up the way, when other treatises leave us to dark- 
ness." This acquiescence in the downfall of Hierarchy, as here 
expressed, was vividly recollected against him when it came to be 
revived. The production he so aided to circulate, and others, 
from the able pens of our Elders, were eagerly sought by advo- 
cates of Congregationalism, as the fruits of experience and efficient 
auxiharies to advance the cause of freedom in Church and State, 
and, also, much feared and contradicted by their opponents, as 
powerful hindrances to the success of their plans for the dominancy. 

July 5. While in the metropolis, Peters found various channels 
for the flow of his expansive benevolence. Having attended on 



276 3Iemoir of Hugh Peters. [July? 

Mr. Chaloner, under sentence for being implicated in the Waller 
plot, with the precepts and consolations of the gospel, he now 
continues similar ministrations towards him, at the place of exe- 
cution. Peters inquires of the prisoner, conscious of the solemni- 
ties which surrounded and of the momentous realities which 
awaited him, if he had any thing more to explain concerning the 
plot. He replies, " It came from Mr. Waller under this notion, 
that, if we could make a third party here in London, to stand be- 
twixt, to unite the King and Parliament, it would be a very 
acceptable work, for now the three kingdqms lay a bleeding, and 
unless that were done, there were no hopes to reunite them." 
After several other observations, Peters offers prayer with him, 
whose last words are, " I commend my soul into the hands of my 
God." 

Sept. 25. Weld, the colleague of Peters, pens in London, the 
following paragraph with his consent, then absent from that city : 
" The present condition of this kingdom, yt is now vpon the ver- 
ticall point, together with ye incredible importunities of very many 
godly persons, great and smale, (who hapely conceive we by our 
presence doe more good here, then we ourselves dare imagine yt 
we doe) haue made vs, after many various thoughts, much agita- 
tion and consultation with God and men, vnwillingly willing, to 
venter ourselves vpon God's Providence here and be content to 
tarry one six moneths longer from you and our churches most de- 
sired presence, with whom our hearts are, without the least wav- 
ering, fixed. Things cannot long stand at this passe here, as now, 
but will speedily be better or worse. If better, we shall not repent 
vs to have bene spectators and furtherers of our deare Countries 
good, and to be happy messengers of ye good newes thereof vnto 
you. If worse, we are like to bring thousands with vs to you." 
They desire, that the communication, containing this extract, may 
be read to their respective churches. The passage, so quoted, in- 
dicates, that, amid events, soon to be succeeded with great results 
to the nation, the influence of these two divines was highly ap- 
preciated and strongly desired in continuance, by numerous 
friends of reform. It, also, shows, that while they longed to renew 
their pastoral cares and labors in their adopted country, they denied 
this wish, that they might assist, to the utmost of their power, 
in promoting what they conscientiously believed to be the high- 
est welfare of their native land. 

Dec. 10. A letter is addressed by Winthrop, " To his Rev- 
erend and very Godly Brother, Mr. Hugh Peters," in London. 
It refers to Parker's manuscript and others from this country, on 
Presbyterianism. Its words are, " Our late Assembly of about 
forty Elders met, wherein the way of our churches was approved, 
and the Presbytery disallowed." This information was as a sharp 
arrow from the quiver of Peters, in his continual combat with the 
superior power of the party, who favored the speculations of 
Parker. 

1644, Jan. 4. Brought to the scaffold for political offences, Sir 



1851.] Memoir of Hugh Peters. 277 

John Hotham forgives all concerned in his trial, and thanks Peters 
for reminding him so to do. The latter as his spiritual adviser, 
speaks in his behalf, and, in his name, desires the spectators 
would notice in him, soon to die, " The vanity of all things here 
below, as wit, parts, prowess, strength, friends and honour." After 
this, Peters having prayed, and then Sir John, they sing the 38th 
Psalm. The latter spends a quarter of an hour behind the block, 
in private supplication, and then gives his neck to the axe, which 
severs it at a single blow. Clarendon's relation of this mournful 
scene, is incorrect, and his epithet of " ungodly confessor," as ap- 
plied to Peters, is of the same description. 

March 12. In a speech of Bishop Laud, at the beginning of 
his trial, he says, after narrating the individuals, whom he had 
been the means of turning from Romanism, " Let any clergyman 
of England come forth and give a better account of his zeal to the 
Church." Peters, who stood near him, replied, that, however he 
was an humble individual among many hundreds of ministers in 
the kingdom, he had been instrumental, through divine aid, of 
bringing not only twenty-two from Papistry, but one hundred 
and twenty, who " witnessed a good profession," as true Protest- 
ants and sincere Christians. He added, that others as well as 
himself, were able to produce hundreds of real converts to Christ, 
for each whom the Prelate could. This answer gave great offence 
to the latter. There is no wonder, that it did, with his impres- 
sions of privilege and deference, which he had properly received, 
as the Primate o{ England. Especially so must it have been, as 
the reply came from the mouth of one, who had fled beyond the 
reach of his power, and returned as the representative of a Colony, 
whose authorities, above those of all others, had resisted his com- 
mands and prevented the enforcement of his plans for the sup- 
pression of all non-conformity on their shores. Still, he had 
thrown down the glove, and it was manfully taken up. Of the 
result, he had no real cause to complain. 

April 12. Bailie writes to Spang. He complains, that the 
Independents so thwarted the Presbyterians in the Assembly, 
as to prevent their bringing matters to a close, in accordance with 
their wish. He particularly singles out Peters, as one of their 
principal troublers. 

June. Being among the Chaplains for the forces against those 
of the Royalists, Peters reaches London. He, as Whitelock nar- 
rates, " gave a large relation to the Commons of all the business 
of Lyme, where he was with the Earl of Warwick, and that, after 
the siege was raised, the enemy set fire on divers gallant houses 
about Studcome, Frampton, and other places." This nobleman, 
who showed particular regard for Peters, soon resigned his mili- 
tary commission, in consequence of the " self-denying ordinance," 
adopted by Parliament, which excluded members of both Houses, 
from being officers in the army. 

1645, Jan. Bishop Laud having been condemned on the 
charge of attempting to subvert the essental laws of the kingdom, 



278 Memoir of Hugh Peters. [July^ 

is visited by Peters, who, long before, as a prosecuted non-con- 
formist, had. been to his Palace. At the request of the visiter, a 
motion had been offered in the Commons, as previously stated, 
to release and send him to America. While the instinctive com- 
passion of Peters for the afflicted forbids the suspicion, that he 
intended, by this proposal, to mock the fallen Prelate, still the 
friends of the latter readily endorsed such a representation. They 
quoted the words of the Bishop, " The plot was laid by Peters 
and others of that crew, that they might insult over me." The 
very spirit, exhibited on the face of this passage, gives the impres- 
sion to every candid beholder, that what was meant in compara- 
tive kindness, on one hand, was viewed as the offspring of 
malevolence on the other. 

In the account, given by Wood, of graduates from Oxford, we 
have an extract, which is a sample of the severe style, used by 
royalists towards republicans, and which should be taken with 
many grains of charitable allowance. Speaking of the three lost 
books of Hooker's Ecclesiastical Polity, deposited by order of 
Archbishop Abbot, in the Library at Lambeth, Wood indulges in 
the subsequent strain. They remained there, " till the decollation 
of Archbishop Laud ; were then, by the Brethren of the predomi- 
nant faction given with the library, to that most notorious villain 
Hugh Peters, as a reward for his remarkable service in those sad 
times of the Churches' confusion. And though they could hardly 
fall into a fouler hand, yet there wanted not other endeavors to 
corrupt and make them speak that language, for which the Fac- 
tion then fought, which was to subject the jSovereic/n power to the 
People. From the said copy, several transcripts were taken, not 
only I presume, while it remained in the said Library, but while 
it continued in the hands of Peters, differing much in words." 
The epithets of disparagement, here poured out, are evidently the 
expressions of prejudice against all of political principles opposite 
to those of the writer. Though the author of them could see no 
good come out of the Nazareth of revolution, under any circum- 
stances, still much of real merit was possessed by the founders 
of the English Commonwealth. The viffany and foulness attrib- 
uted to Peters, were images of suspicion, but of no real entity. 
The intimation, thrown out by the same author, that this object 
of his displeasure may have been accessary to the giving of incor- 
rect copies of the Polity, for the sake of party purposes, is so 
vague, it deserves scarcely an attempt at refutation. Baxter, of 
better information and greater candor, in this matter, explicitly 
states, that the work had undergone no such alteration. 

Different representations have been given as to the number and 
value of the Primate's library, granted by Parliament to Peters. 
The latter estimated the worth of its volumes at X140, much less 
than generally conjectured. He intended to transport them for 
Massachusetts, most likely as a donation for the College. Brook 
quotes the language of Laud, rehitive to this subject. " All my 
books at Lambeth, were, by order of the House of Commons, 



1851.] Memoir of Hugh Peters. 279 

taken away and carried I know not whither ; but are, as it is com- 
monly said, for the use of Peters. Before this time, some good 
number of my books were delivered to the use of the Synod," or 
Westminster Assembly. The vicissitudes, to which these volumes 
and their owners were subjected, are emblems of the mutations, 
to which all temporal greatness is exposed, and an admonition, 
that nothing earthly is sure in its promise of good, but right mo- 
tive and life, which forever yield a rich revenue of "the soul's 
calm sunshine." 

April 2. In the exercise of his clerical duties, Peters delivers 
a sermon before Parliament, the Lord Mayor and Aldermen of 
London, and the Assembly. It is from Judges, 3 c. 31 vs. Its 
subject is, " God's doings and man's duty." Its occasion is the 
success of the Parliamentary arms in the West. It is replete with 
original, sound and salutary thoughts. Though it exhibits its au- 
thor, as the decided advocate of rational liberty, yet it affords no 
proof of his rudely trampling on the opponents of his cause. In 
the introductory remarks, he states, that he had derived great satis- 
faction from his chaplaincy in the army, under Sir Thomas Fair- 
fax. In his dedication to the Lord Mayor and Aldermen, he 
intimates, that the tide of slander, afterwards overwhelming him, 
had already begun its course. His words are, " How I have been 
represented to you and others by printing or otherwise, shall not 
fill up this paper." Near the close of the discourse, he observes, 
" I know no publick person, but ought to carry a spare handker- 
chief to wipe off dirt ; yet certainly blasting men's names in print, 
is not the way to clear a cause in dispute. Let us look to our 
duty, and the Lord will care for our reproaches." Men, however 
worthy, who are eminently active in seasons of political or relig- 
ious excitement, are, too often, made a mark for detraction. It is 
a debasing frailty of our nature, in such collisions, not to 
spare where equity requu'es, but to prostrate by every possible 
method. 

June 4. Cromwell writes to the government from Huntingdon, 
where Peters, his faithful friend, was with him. 

6. The " Occurrences of Parliament," contain the ensuing 
passage, " Whereas,* the last week, a petition was presented to 
the House by the Common Council in the name of the City, the 
day before many came to Guild Hall, to that end, and their spirits 
being much moved by the^loss of Lestei:, Master Peters was in- 
treated to speak som'etRmg to quiet them, which he did to this 
purpose, viz : beseeching them to let go all differences about relig- 
ion, and as Romans and Londoners, to attend the public safety 
of the city and kingdom, which was cheerfully assented to, and all 
men's spirits quieted, for which good service of his, amongst 
others of no small consequence, it is hoped, that all good men will 
be thankful to him, who hath not spared himself to the utmost, 
upon his own charge, to serve his native country." The compli- 
ment here paid to the patriotism of its subject, was no flattery to 
his pride, but the genuine expression of regard for his real deserts 

2 



:<!80 Memoir of Hugh Peters, \j^^Y^ 

It was no less his due, because, at the downfall of the Common- 
wealth, it was converted into rej)roaeh. The contrast was pro- 
duced, not by the extinguishment of his kind affections or the loss 
of his probity, but by the fickleness of popular applause. The 
notes of this, too often, are, in accordance with the diversified 
phases of a man's life, — crown him, — or away with him. 

24. Tidings, relative to the storming of Bridgewater, which 
submitted the 22d, reach the metropolis ; " That the Lord's day 
before, Mr. Peters and Mr. Boles, in their sermons, encouraged the 
soldiers to the work. About 7 at night, the foot being drawn out, 
and those, that commanded the storm and forlorn, Mr. Peters, in 
the field, gave them an exhortation to do their duties." 

26. Having brought letters from Sir Thomas Fairfax, he " was 
called into the House, and made a large relation of the particular 
passages in the taking of Bridgewater. He also produced several 
commissions in characters, which the House referred to a Com- 
mittee to be decyphered, and gave XlOO to Mr. Peters, for his 
unwearied services." 

Aug. About this time, in compliance with his former applica- 
tion to Parliament, they pass an ordinance, enlarging that of 1643, 
which allowed all exports to New England to be free from duties 
without the previous restriction. Massachusetts, as an expression 
of their gratitude for such favor, repeal, in October, their rule of 
the previous May session, for 6d. a ton on foreign vessels, with 
reference to such as bore the Parliament's flag. Thus it was, that 
Peters was vigilant to embrace opportunities for the prosperity of 
our ancestors, to strengthen their ties of attachment to the Repub- 
lican party in their native land, and bring the influences of their 
practical freedom to bear efficiently on the political character oi 
the battling kingdom. 

Sept. 9. Still engaged, like others of the most worthy clergy- 
men, as a chaplain of the Parliamentary forces, Peters is again 
brought to our notice in the Memorials of Whitlock. He " was 
called into the House, and gave them a particular account of the 
siege of Bristol, and the cause of sitting down before it to pre- 
vent the plunder and cruelties of Prince Rupert in that country, 
and he pressed the desire of Sir Thomas Fabrfax to have recruit?^ 
sent him." 

Oct. 4. In accordance with the request of Peters and Weld, 
the authorities of Massachusetts appoint other commissioners to 
supply their place in England. As the sequel shows, they both 
felt themselves called to continue there, and exert themselves, as 
opportunity should afford, for the advancement of the Revolution. 
The conclusion was perilous, and the cost to each was widely 
different. 

7. Again invited to appear before the Commons, Peters "made 
a particular relation of the taking of Winchester Castle." He, 
also, brought them a narrative of this occurrence from the hand of 
Cromwell. He is voted X50 by them, as a token of their regard for 
his services. 14. He is the bearer of dispatches to this Body from 



1851.] 3femoir of Hugh Peters, 281 

the same commander, that Basingstoke had been taken by storm. 
Being desired, as Carlyle informs us, to give particulars of the 
event, he complies. He mentions his application to the Marquis 
of Winchester, to give up before so forcible an attack commenced, 
who replied, "that if the King had no more ground in England, 
but Basing House, he would adventure as he did, and so main- 
tain it to the uttermost, meaning with these Papists, comforting 
himself in his disaster, that Basing House was called Loyalty. 
But he was soon silenced in the question concerning the King and 
Parliament ; and could only hope, that the king might have a day 
again. And thus the Lord was pleased to show us what mortal seed 
all earthly glory grows upon." Thus while Peters gives free utter- 
ance to his hearty engagedness for freedom, he brings before us 
the resolute Marquis, who as honestly determines to venture all 
for his royal master. Though alike in the fixedness of their pur- 
pose, they were wide asunder in the ends of their zealous action. 
The narrator proceeds. " This is now the twentieth garrison, that 
hath been taken in this summer, by this army ; and 1 believe the 
most of them the answers of the prayers and trophies of the faith 
of some of God's servants. The commander of this Brigade, Lt. 
General Cromwell, had spent much time with God in prayer the 
night before the storm, and seldom fights without some text of 
Scripture to support him. This time he rested upon that blessed 
Word of God, written in the 115 Ps. 8 vs.: ^' They that make 
them, are like unto them, so is every one that trusteth in them." 
Here is a graphic portraiture of the strong religious sentiment, 
which swayed the officers as well as soldiers of the Parliamentary 
forces, and prompted them to deeds of chivalrous daring. How- 
ever such an influence has been represented as carried to an excess, 
and ridiculed by the Cavaliers as cant and hypocrisy, it operated as 
an almost irresistible power against the success of their arms. 
After describing it, Peters presents "to the House, the Marquis's 
own colours, which he brought from Basing. The motto of 
which was. Donee pax redeat terris ; the very same as King 
Charles gave upon his coronation money, when he came to the 
Crown." Thus closes the narrative, which, in point of particu- 
larity, is likely to have resembled others of the kind, given before 
the Commons by Peters, then on the dizzy heights of popularity, 
liable to be shaken and prostrated by a single blow. 

While in London at this time, Peters has ample scope for his 
eloquence. As Edwards informs us, among the topics, against 
which he aims the shafts of his wit, is Presbyterianism. A des- 
perate struggle is being made by those of this denomination, to 
sustain his Majesty, so that they may secure an ascendancy in 
the nation, and, by such means, cripple and depress the Independ- 
ents. By thus standing with others of like motives, in the 
breach, Peters is exposed to every missile, which the displeasure of 
opponents could command. Another of his favorite themes of 
discourse, at this period, is " a toleration of all sects," as most con- 
genial with the spirit and success of a free government. 



282 Memoir of Hugh Peters, [July, 

Dec. 2. After this date, Bailie, a strong Presbyterian, addresses 
Kev. IVIr. Roberts, as follows : " Yesterday, the Assembly's petition 
was frowned upon in both Houses ; notwithstanding we purpose, 
God Avilling, on Thursday, to give in a remonstrance of a more 
full and high strain. I heard yesterday, that Mr. Lilburn has a 
petition for the Sectaries, subscribed with the hands of a great 
many thousands. If your city will countenance Mr. Peters' ser- 
mon on the day appointed, they do but go on as they have 
begun." The author of this passage thus speaks of the last indi- 
vidual, because he openly and ably advocated the order of the 
Congregationalists. 

Prynne, in the out-pouring of his displeasure against this de- 
nomination, remarks, as to the document just named, " They lately 
conspired together to exhibit a petition to parliament, for present 
dissolving the Assembly, and sending them hence to country 
cures, to prevent the settling of any Church government ; to which 
end, they met at the Windmill Tavern, where Lt. Col. John Lil- 
burn sat in the chair, and Master Hugh Peters suggested the 
advice which was accordingly inserted in the petition ; but the 
Common Councilmen, smelling out the design, when the petition 
came to their hands, most discreetly left out the request." The 
intention of Peters, in exerting himself for such a dissolution, was, 
that the Presbyterians might not carry their purpose, and so 
encumber the progress of national freedom. Though partially 
defeated at this time, his plan was finally adopted, when more 
fully understood, as most fitted to the promotion of Republican 
principles and policy. 

1646, Jan. 23. Still occupied in the struggle for popular rights, 
Peters returns and makes to the House, " a narration of the storm- 
ing and taking of Dartmouth, and of the valour, unity and affec- 
tion of the army, and presents several letters, papers and crucifixes, 
and other popish things, taken in the town. The letters are re- 
ferred to a Committee." 

Feb. 28. News from the army certifies, that " Mr. Peters 
preached in the market place at Torrington, and convinced many 
of their errors in adhering to the King's party, and that he, with 
L. C. Berry, was sent to Plymouth, to treat with the Governor." 

March 21. The Commons gladly hear Peters describe the pro- 
ceeding of Sir Thomas Fairfax, " at the head of the army. He, 
also, relates to them, that Lord Hopton and many of his officers 
had gone to France;" that " Pendennis Castle was closely be- 
sieged, and that the General intended to return towards Exeter." 
In consideration of his deep devotion to their cause, and incessant 
efforts for its triumph, the parliament settle on Peters and his 
heirs, £100, " out of the Earl of Worcester's estate." 

At this period of violent excitement and bitter invective among 
the different parties in England, the production of Prynne, " A 
Fresh Discovery of Blazing Stars, Fire-brands," etc., appears. He 
had found in the study of Bishop Laud, the subscription of con- 
formity, signed by Peters, Aug. 17, 1627, endorsed by the Primate 



1851. Memoir of Hugh Peters, 283 

himself, as well as similar documents from other divines, who 
stood strongly for Congregationalism. Without making any 
charitable allowance for their privilege to alter from what they 
deemed a wrong to a right position, he gives a loose rein to the 
expression of his prejudice. " Some of their own Independent 
Faction had other thoughts of her (the Established Church) and 
ministry, unlesse they dissembled before God and man, as they 
commonly do without blush or check, but very few years since ; 
and among other, all our New England brethren at their first 
departure hence, the five Independent Apologists and Master Hugh 
Peter, Solicitor Generall of the Independent cause and party." 
Conscious that the stand he had taken and retained, however 
thus assailed, was essentially correct, Peters resolved to hold it, 
let the results to his person be what they might. 

The Gangraena of Edwards, published this year, runs a tilt 
against the Congregationalists. Of its remarks is the following : 
" Mr. Peters hath frequently, in city and country, in many places, 
as at Chelmsford, in Essex, and at several churches in London, 
preached, that, if it were not for livings of two or three hundred 
pounds a year, there would be no difference between the Presby- 
terians and Independents." However it was thus imputed to 
Peters, as a fault, that he had advanced the belief, that, as a gen- 
eral fact, the clergy of his opponents were much more zealous for 
party lines, on account of large salaries, than they would be, if 
situated otherwise, still he was correct in the assumption, as ex- 
perience has long proved, with regard to all denominations. 

In his " Picture of Independents," John Vicars, one of their 
good natured antagonists, gives the subsequent anecdote. "This 
gentleman," Peters, " being my old acquaintance, came to me," 
at Westminster Hall, " O Master Vicars," says he, " certainly a 
great deal of repentance must lie on your soul." Why, Master 
Peters, says I, what have I done ? O, says he, in sadding and griev- 
ing the hearts of God's saints, as you have in your book. Why, Sir, 
says I, pray tell what is amiss in it. Truly, Master Vicars, says he, 
it is naught all over, naught all over," and then quickly departed. 
Such an example of pleasantly giving and receiving rebuke, in 
ecclesiastical difference, is worthy of imitation. 

June. The ensuing note from Peters, is characteristic of the 
kindness, with which his heart ever throbbed for the distressed. 
" To my worthy friend, Mr. Rushworth, Secretary to the General. 
Honored friend, I understand, that the Lady Harlavv (^) is out, and 
the Lady Aubigny. You may remember, that I had a promise 
for my Lady Newport, when you know my Lord Newport is here 
with you. I pray therefore, let me entreat you in favour of her 
enlargement." 

July 23. The Town of W^orcester having capitulated, its 
principal inhabitants receive passes of protection from the hands 
of Peters, on condition, that they do not bear arms against the 
Parliament. 

(1) The Sloane MS., as transcribed by H. G. Somerby, Esq., calls this name Harford. 



284 Memoir of Hugh Peters. [July, 

Aug. 5. Aware of his being " instant in season," and " out of 
season " to promote their cause, far more for the public welfare, 
than his private interest. Parliament settle upon him £200 annually, 
and, Oct. 5, X200 more. One or both of these sums may have 
been derived from part of Lord Craven's estate, forfeited for his 
loyalty and granted to Peters without his request, who refeiTedto 
it in his Legacy, as a source of his principal trouble. 

In his " Last Report of the English Wars," Peters answers 
seven questions. 1. " Why he was silent at the surrender of Ox- 
ford ? " He replies, that the place was so near London, and the 
occurrence so generally known, there was no need of his giving it 
greater publicity. He adds, " You had nothing committed there 
by ours, that had not its rise from integrity and faithfulness to the 
State." 2. " What he observed at Worcester, it being the last 
town in the king's hand ? " He speaks, in high terms of the skill 
and bravery, exhibited there by Col. VVhalley and other officers. 
He observes, " I preached at Worcester at our coming in and 
afterwards, did observe a door open to the Gospel. I am now 
satisfied with my many, many petitions, that I might live to see 
this day, this blessed day, and the last town of the enemies taken. 
I am thinking whether to go a few days more in this vale to ad- 
mire what I have seen upon earth, and then die, that I may 
praise Him, as He would be praised, who hath founded mercies 
for his servants, and brought forth deliverance to miracle, through 
Jesus Christ." 3. "What were best to do with the army?" 
" The disbanding an army if trusty, ought not to be a work of 
haste. Never fewer complaints, nor many men of such quality, 
whose design is only to obey their masters, viz : the Parliament." 
4. " If he had any expedient for the present difference ? " To 
nullify such want of harmony, the clergy should become recon- 
ciled, and general charity exercised ; Presbyterians and Independ- 
ents should be iriendly and seek for the greatest public benefit. 
" Coals blown get heat and strength ; neglected, grow cold. I 
think we might do God more service in study and pulpits, than 
in waiting at great men's doors and working them up to their self- 
ish interests." 5. " What his thoughts were in relation to 
foreign States ? That forthwith we might have some choice 
agents sent, as two to Sweden, two to the Cantons, our good 
friends, two to the Netherlands, and so to other parts, as we see 
cause, and these accompanied with a manifest of God's gracious 
dealings with this State, letting them know we omitted this work 
in our misery, lest our friends might fear us for beggars, but now 
being upon an even foot with them, we let them know our con- 
dition, and how we are ready to own them against a common 
enemy." 6. " How these late mercies and conquests might be 
preserved and improved ? By the same means the mercy is 
gained, it may be preserved," even the encouragement of good 
men. " W^alk plainly in your counsels. God needs no man's lies 
to carry on his work. Let it be our care that after ages may not 
say we conquered ourselves into a new slavery. Justice will 



1851.] Memoir of Hugh Peters. 285 

exalt and maintain a nation. I wish they might be first sharers in 
it, that first adventured their estates and lives. A State mav 
stand upon any frame of Government, if fastened together with 
justice, charity and industry, the only upholders of the flourishing 
neighbor-nation, the Netherlands." He proposed, that, for the 
promotion of morals and religion, as the chief source of a nation's 
prosperity, three or four missionaries might be employed in each 
County. He added, " How ripe have I found Herefordshire and 
Worcestershire for the Gospel and many other counties." 7. 
" Why his name appears in so many books not without blots and 
he never wipe them off?" " I have been thinking to answer six or 
seven pamphlets, that name me either enviously, or disgracefully, 
but yet remain doubting. The Lord rebuke Satan. This I must 
say, if either in doctrine or practice I have failed, the time is not 
yet wherein any brother in any way of God hath dealt with me." 
He referred to his friendly relations with Ames and Forbes in 
Holland. Speaking of his former church in Rotterdam, he re- 
marked, " I thank the Lord it continues to this day." Alluding 
to his residence in Massachusetts, he said, " Nor did I lose all my 
seven years being in New England, amongst those faithful, learn- 
ed, godly brethren, whose way of worship, if we profess, it will 
not be groundless when their writings are examined. But to those 
printed scribbles against me, I may provide shortly a more satis- 
factory answer, where I may plainly charge untrue and unworthy 
passages upon the authors. Now the good Lord, who hath led 
captivity captive for us, subdue us to himself and grant that, in 
these tossing, tumbling, foaming seas, we depart not from our 
principles of reason, honor, liberty, much less Religion, which is 
the prayer of Hugh Peters." 

Oct. 26. While thus laying the precepts of his observation and 
experience before the public, as a means of promoting the national 
good, his wife had recently arrived at Boston from London, some 
better of her derangement. She soon paid a visit to his affectionate 
parishioners at Salem. Her affliction received his deep sympa- 
thy and bore heavily on his spirits. 

In the course of this year, he united his exertions with those of 
the estimable Winslow and others, to parry off the thrusts, made 
by the non-freemen of this Colony, who had gone to London with 
their complaints, at the reputation of our Rulers, before the func- 
tionaries of Government. 

1647, May 17. As a mark of continued attachment to his con- 
gregation here, he had given his share of a small barque to them, 
and they now receive profits from what it had made. 

June 4. The King is taken from Holdenby House, by a volun- 
teer force, under Cornet Joyce. Dr. Young testified, that Peters 
told him, that, when this took place. Parliament intended to se- 
cure Cromwell and himself, then in London ; but being informed 
of their design, they both escaped; that, as they rode to Ware, 
they halted to consult about what should be done to his Majesty, 
and that they concluded he ought to be tried and beheaded. 



286 Memoir of Hugh Peters. [July, 

SHU the deponent put in the caution, that he was not certain 
whether he understood it was Peters or Cromwell, who gave such 
advice, but he rather thought it was the former. To this charge, 
Peters answered, " I speak in the presence of God, I profess I 
never had any near conversation with Cromwell, about such 
things." 

1647, July 19. Whitlock relates, " Mr. Peters went to the King 
at Newmarket and had much discourse with him." He proposed 
to his Majesty, the abolition of Episcopacy as a means of recon- 
ciliation between him and Parliament. The offer was accepted, 
and a corresponding treaty was made. But the document was 
rendered nugatory by the Parliament's falling under the power of 
the army. 

Sept. 18. These forces having quartered themselves in Lon- 
don, contrary to the wishes, exertions and influence of the Pres- 
byterian party, Peters preaches before their officers in Putney 
Church. After the discourse was finished, " they met there and 
debated propositions towards the settlement of the bleeding 
country." 

About this date, Peters publishes a pamphlet with the title, 
" A word for the Armie, and two words for the Kingdome. To 
cleare the one, and cure the other." He mentions the reasons, 
for which the military felt themselves called to exercise their 
power so that the royalists of Parliament should comply with 
what they considered reasonable terms. The chief was, that the 
said political party intended to disband the former instead of send- 
ing them to Ireland, where they had offered to go ; because the 
first feared, that if the last conquered that country, they would 
return and give law to the kingdom. He enumerates the hin- 
drances, which retarded the nation from advancing towards the 
great object of the Revolution, and the means which should be 
used to remove them. He closes as follows, " However I am con- 
fident God will carry on this work, which is his owne ; and to that 
end I looke above all present agitations, knowing if wee enter into 
our chambers, and shut our doors for a little moment, the indig- 
nation shall be over past." 

Having, in this production, disagreed with Nathaniel Ward's 
remarks in his " Religious Retreat to a Religious Army ; " Peters 
received a spirited reply from this old acquaintance of his, in a 
pamphlet called, " A Word to Mr. Peters, and Two Words for the 
Parliament and the Kingdom." 

The stand, taken by Peters on this occasion, though very offen- 
sive to the Royalists, helped forward the Republican cause, and 
consequently, to bring down on his head, the increased resent- 
ment of his opponents. 

However these considered his course, others of equal intelli- 
gence and worth held the same ground with him. The observa- 
tions of but one among the latter will be cited. Milton, in his 
reply to Salmasius, used the subsequent language : " Our army 
sure was in no fault, who being ordered by the Parliament to 



1851.] Memoir of Hugh Peters. 287 

come to town, obeyed and quelled the faction and uproar of the 
King's party, who sometimes threatened the House itself. For 
things were brought to that pass, that of necessity either we must 
be run down by them, or they by us." He then spoke of the de- 
nomination, among whom Peters was classed. " The Independ- 
ents, as they are called, were the only men, that, from the first to 
last, kept to their point, and knew what use to make of their vic- 
tory." 

Dec. Henry Somerset, Marquis of Worcester, dies in the cus- 
tody of Government. Peters was active for the amelioration of 
his sorrows. The Marchioness, relict of the deceased, gave him a 
certificate, when prosecuted as a regicide. It was, " I do hereby 
testify, that in all the sufferings of my husband, Mr. Peters was 
my great friend." While relating this fact at his arraignment, he 
added, " I have here a seal (and then produced it) that the Earl 
of Norwich gave me to keep for his sake, for saving his life." 

Sir John Denham, with letters from the Queen, gained access 
to his Majesty through the kindness of Peters. 

Lilly remarks, that after conversing with General Fairfax, " we 
went to visit Mr. Peters, the minister, who lodged in the Castle 
(at Windsor) whom we found reading." Peters, looking at a 
new satirical pamphlet in his hand, said, " Lilly, thou art herein," 
to which he replied, " are not you there also ? " " Yes, that I am, 
quoth he." While the production had epithets for Lilly, as an 
Astrologer, it called Peters, " Dr. Sybbald." 

1648, June. At the beginning of this month, Peters went to 
Milford and hastened large ordnance forwarded from the ship 
Lion to the Leaguer, and they were used in the storming of Pem- 
broke. 

July. Dr. Young, the principal accuser of him on his trial, be- 
comes acquainted with him at Milford, under the profession of 
being a strong opposer to the king. This was when Peters was 
actively engaged, so far as his health could permit, in procuring 
supplies for the Parliamentary forces in Ireland. 

Sept. 7. He, with Messrs. Marshall and Caryl, is requested to 
perform religious service before the Commons, next day, being 
Fast. 

Near this date, the Duke of Hamilton surrenders himself, as a 
prisoner, to Peters, and hands him his George. (^) 

Dec. 6. While the forty-one members of Parliament, as Carlyle 
relates, who were of the Presbyterian party and desirous to con- 
tinue the King on the throne, were detained in the Queen's 
Court, Peters visited them. They inquired of him by what law 
they were held in durance. His answer implied, that he knew of 
none unless the law of necessity. 

7. He assists in the religious services of the day appointed by 
the House. 

Dec. 20. He is desired to officiate before the Commons, the 
next Friday, in St. Margaret's Church. 

(1) A figure of St. George on horseback, borne by Knights of the Garter. 

3 



288 Memoir of Hugh Peters, [July, 

During this month, he met frequently with Cromwell and a 
few others, in Windsor, where the army had their head quar- 
ters. 

Lilly relates, that, in the Christmas Holidays, " Lord Gray of 
Grooby and Hugh Peters sent for me to Somerset House, with 
directions to bring them two of my Almanacks. I did so. Peters 
and he read January's Observations." The author had printed 
under this month, in such publications, " I beg and expect Justice." 
He observes, that one of the two others said, " We shall do jus- 
tice." He adds, that he did not think then, that they referred to 
King Charles. 

1649, Jan. 4. The Commons, having laid down the position, 
that " The people are the origin of all just power," and they them- 
selves are representatives of the people, decide, that whatever act 
was passed by them, had the force of law, without the consent of 
the King and Peers. Then they adopt an order for the trial of 
the royal prisoner. 

Immediately Peters accompanies the King to London, under 
the command of Colonel Harrison. He was afterwards accused 
of riding at St. James' before his Majesty's coach with six horses, 
" like a Bishop Almoner," in a triumphant manner. He answered, 
" The king commanded me to ride before him, that the Bishop of 
London might come to him." 

13. " The King desired that Master Peters, Mr. Thomas Good- 
win, and Mr. Dell may be sent to him about some resolves." 

20. After a conference between his Majesty and Peters, the 
latter offered a petition to the House, that the former might have 
one of his chaplains to advise him on some questions of con- 
science. Dr. Juxon, bishop of London, was accordingly allowed 
to be with the King till his execution. Lingard speaks of th< 
part acted by Peters, on this occasion, as honorable to his head 
and heart. 

27. In a letter from Roger Williams, to John Winthrop, Jr.. 
the next May, it is stated, that news had reached the former, that 
on the first of these two dates, " Mr. Peters preached after the fash- 
ion of England, the funeral sermon to the king after sentence,"* 
from Isaiah, 14 c. 18 vs. It appears from his trial, that he intended 
to preach from this text, at such a time, but did not. He, however, 
delivered a discourse the next day, from Psalm 149 : 6 7, 8, 9, vs. at 
St. James's Chapel. He officiated on the 21, from the same pas- 
sage, at Whitehall. When arraigned, he was accused of remarks 
in such discourses, as justified the execution of his Majesty. Part 
of them, he denied. With regard to the rest of them, as the lan- 
guage of a decided and energetic republican, they, of course, musl 
have been ofi'ensive to the cars of royalists. There can be 
little doubt, but that after his endeavors to effect a reconcihation 
between the King and Parliament, and it was plain, that if the 
former swayed his sceptre as he had done, the latter must yield 
up the power they had gained, and thus the great object of the 
revolution for greater liberty in Church and State, be lost, Peters 



1851.] Memoir of Hugh Peters. , 289 

came to the unpleasant, but necessary conclusion, that it was 
better for his Majesty to lose his crown, than the Parliament to 
be subdued. Of course, when invited to speak before the national 
authorities on public affairs, he in the honest expression of his 
opinion, would lay down such propositions and so remark on 
them as to displease the favorers of the throne, and prepare their 
minds to entertain impressions against him and utter them to his 
disadvantage, when opportunity should offer. This has always 
been exhibited by strong opponents, when summoned to describe 
the words and actions of their antagonists, especially after bloody 
contentions for the mastery of a kingdom. 

30. On this day, Charles Stuart, the King of England, is 
brought to the scafibld, erected in the street before Whitehall. 
Having addressed those near his person, in vindication of himself 
against the charge of treason and made a confession of his regret, 
that he consented to the death of Strafibrd, and expressed the for- 
giveness of his persecutors, Juxon reminded him that he had but 
one short stage more, though a trying one, to heaven. " I go," 
said Charles, " from a corruptible to an incorruptible crown, where 
no disturbance can arise." " You are exchanged," said the bishop, 
" from a temporal to an eternal crown, a good exchange ! " The 
monarch laid his head on the block and it was immediately sev- 
ered. Lamentable scene, and equally so, the imperfections of 
human nature, which were the cause of its being acted I 

Among the numerous stories told of Peters, was one, that he cut 
off his majesty's head with his own hand. Bar wick as referred 
to by Harris, remarks, that Peters " was, upon no slight grounds, 
accused to have been one of the King's murtherers, though it 
could not be sufficiently proved against him." In such a connex- 
ion, a satyrical piece of 1649, is adduced as confirmatory of the 

suspicion. 

'* There's Peters, the Denyer (nay t' is said) 
He that (disguised) cut off his master's head." 

But, by the only witness, whom Peters summoned at his trial, 
and who lived with him, at the royal execution, but afterwards 
was in the national service, he showed, that he was confined to 
his bed with sickness, the very hours before, at and after the tragic 
event. His solemn declaration was, " I do profess before angels 
and men, I did not stir out of my chamber that day." On this 
point, Lilly in his Memoirs states, that Robert Spavin, Secretary 
of Cromwell, declared to him, that the executioner was, Lt. Col. 
Joyce, and then repeats his words, " I was in the room when he 
fitted himself for the work, stood behind him when he did it ; 
when done, went in again with him." 

Feb. 17. Desirous to save the life of Hamilton, Earl of Cam- 
bridge, Peters gives testimony, that this nobleman was promised 
quarter, when he surrendered. March 8. A letter has the passage, 
" Yesterday, Mr. Peters' presenting Hamilton's petition, made 
many believe, that he would escape." This nobleman command- 
ed the Scottish forces, who invaded England, to sustain the royal 



290 Memoir of Hugh Peters. [July, 

cause, and was defeated at Preston. Though the compassionate 
effort of Peters did not prevail, the general expectation, that he 
would succeed, indicated the prevalent impression of his aversion to 
taking away the life of friends to the Crown, and the large share of 
influence, which he had with the national authorities. The emi- 
nent prisoner, for whom he so interceded, was executed the next 
day. As the dying expression of his obligation to Peters, he bid 
him adieu and embraced him. 

Lord George Goring is condemned for waging war against the 
Parliament, but is soon reprieved through the application of Peters. 
In view of his repeated endeavors of this kind, he could truly say, 
as he did in one of his last publications, " For my carriage, I 
challenge all the King's party to speak, if I were uncivil ; nay, 
many of them had my purse, hand, help every way, and are 
ready to witness it." 

June 7. At a Thanksgiving, in commemoration of Cromwell's 
victory, to which the Lord Mayor of London invited the Council, 
the General and his officers, Peters is a guest. With his usual 
acrimony of style, when the advocates for free institutions were 
his theme, Clement Walker, in his Anarchia, describes the occa- 
sion, and asserts, that many of the partakers indulged themselves 
to intoxication. He particularly singles out Peters as the object 
of his deep-rooted prejudice. But the spirit of his whole strain 
carries proof on the face of it, that his vision was distorted, so that 
it discerned men as trees walking and led him to portray his po- 
litical antagonists as he should not. 

Aug. 16. The Diurnal contains a communication from Peters, 
at Milford Haven, to the Council of State. " Last night, when 
we came from sea, we agreed (after seeking God,) to wait upon 
his pleasure for the place, being persuaded it were better to fasten 
upon any part of Ireland, than to hazard our men aboard, or 
bring them ashoar to burden the poore country. Things look 
hopefully, if our corruptions hinder not. Oh ! that self, that reigns 
every where. Be assured, all diligence is used for you by H. 
Peters." 

Sept. 1. He sends the same Body an account, that their force? 
had arrived safely at Dublin. He relates that they had detained 
a Dutch man of war under suspicion of being bound to Ireland. 
He was employed in examination of her officers, particularly 
for his acquaintance with their language. 

15. He addresses the Council from the same country, where 
he is with Cromwell. '• Tredagh (Drogedah) is taken ; 3552 oi 
the enemy slain, and 64 of ours. We have also Trim and Dun- 
dalk, and are marching to Kilkenny. I came now from giving 
thanks in the great church." With regard to the expeditions to 
Ireland, 1 hey were considered by the Parliamentary army, as a 
sort of holy crusades against the Catholics, who, in zealously bat- 
tling for the royal cause, had killed many of the Protestants and 
treated those of them, who fell into their hands, as heretics, de- 
serving no mercy. 



1851.] Memoir of Hugh Peters, 291 

17. Whitlock informs us, that Peters, " at the beginning of the 
troubles " there, headed " a Brigade against the rebels, and came 
off with honour and victory, and the like was not expected from 
him." It may appear strange, under ordinary circumstances, and 
very different from those of that occasion, that Peters should so 
have united the military with the clerical cloth. 

But the public opinion of those, with whom he was associated, 
applauded his course, as honorable and dutiful. 

To this import, was a communication from the Protector to 
Col. Hacker, though written afterwards, Dec. 25, 1650. " Truly 
I think, he that prays and preaches best, will fight best. I bless 
God to see any in this army, able and willing to impart the 
knowledge they have, for the good of others. I expect it will be 
encouraged by all the chief officers in this army." Others of op- 
posite principles, censured such a practice among the Independ- 
ents, while they approved of it in those of their own party. The 
very historians, who reproached Peters for similar conduct, 
praised the Rev. Dr. Walker for defending Londonderry, against 
James 11. ; Williams, Archbishop of York, for doing the same as 
to Conway Castle, and Chillingworth, the celebrated divine, for 
bearing arms to sustain his Sovereign, and acting as engineer at 
the siege of Gloucester. It may be said, that these, so commin- 
gling clerical and military services, did it, because they thought 
themselves brought into extraordinary crises, and, therefore, they 
are to be praised rather than blamed. Peters believed that he 
was similarly situated, and his case requires a like allowance. 
The facts, so adduced, are not offered as a plea for the general ex- 
pediency of preachers becoming soldiers, but to show, that, in 
accordance with consistency, if others are approved for doing, in 
no greater emergency, what Peters did, his reputation should not 
be sunk with a mill stone of prejudice, while theirs is exalted by 
the plaudits of favor. 

Oct. 12. John Eliot addresses Peters. Some extracts follow : 
" The Lord hath greatly delighted to improve you, and eminently 
your talent is increased to ten talents, for our Lord and Master's hon- 
our and use ; and doubt not but your crowne shall be answerable. 
You are indeed much envyed, evil spoken of, smitten with the 
tongue. No matter. Be not troubled at what men say, when 
they speake evill of you, seeing you cannot but see, yea, all may 
see it, God dealeth well by you, the Lord doth improve, accept, 
succeed you. I cannot wish you in New England so long as 
you are of such great use and service in the Old ; not because 1 
love you not, but because I love you and the cause of God, which 
you do totis viribus pursue and prosper in. I have a request unto 
you in behalfe of these poore Indians. We are about to make a 
Town, and bring them to a cohabitation and civility, for the accom- 
plishment whereof we want a Magazine of all sorts of edge tools, 
and instruments of husbandry, for cloathing, etc. That success- 
ful and seasonable Magazine of Provisions, which you were a 
lively instrument to procure so seasonably at BristoU, for the re- 



292 Memoir of Hugh Peters. [Julj, 

liefe of the army at Pembroke, doth incourage and imbolden me 
to request this favour, that you would be pleased to use that 
wisdome and interest the Lord hath given you in the hearts 
of his people, to further this Magazine for the poore Indians." 
Eliot proceeds to advance ideas, like those in his Christian Com- 
monwealth. " The only Magna Charta in the world, is the holy 
Scriptures. Oh ! what an opportunity hath the Parliament now 
to bring in Christ to rule in England. If they do that, Christ will 
prosper and preserve them." This epistle from a far country, dear 
to his heart, must have been very welcome to Peters. It speaks 
of the calumny, uttered against him by political foes, with the dis- 
approbation, which it deserved. It brings to light an instance of 
his beneficent enterprise, which, but for such development, like 
many others of a kindred sort, might have slumbered in oblivion. 
Its author, while uttering the expressions of his friendship and his 
opinions in favor of a Republic, as little thought, that the influ- 
ence of restored Royalty would reach across the Atlantic and com- 
pel him to apologize, as Peters had, that his zeal for freedom, 
would prove the forfeiture of his life. 

Returning from Ireland to Milford, Peters was taken dangerously 
ill. It was supposed, that he took his sickness from the com- 
mander of the ship, which brought him over, while praying at his 
side. He was so low, that it was difficult to have him moved on 
shore. Dr. Young, who became acquainted with him, the year 
previous, received him to his own house. He was instrumental in 
restoring him to health in a short time. He was a secret sup- 
porter of the crown, under the guise of a Parliament man. Thus 
he acted as a spy upon his confiding patient, who remained with 
him ten weeks. His own relation was, " I observed in him, that 
he had some secret thoughts, that I could not well discover, 
neither well understand ; whereupon I thought it might tend to 
my security, that I should so much sympathize with him, to get 
within him to know his intentions." Capable of such duplicity, 
he was a chief witness against Peters, at his subsequent trial. 

Among other items, told by him in reference to the latter, was, 
that he came over with power from Cromwell, to have companies 
of soldiers raised for service in Ireland. Brook quotes the story 
of Dr. Walker, who eagerly caught at exaggerated reports to the 
disadvantage of those, whose state policy came in collision with 
his own. Peters " having misspent his time and raised only three 
companies, Cromwell's wife drew up articles against him. Hear- 
ing of this, Peters contrived with Col. Philip Jones and Mr. 
Sampson Lort, to settle a Congregational Church of their own 
invention, hoping, by this means, to make it appear, that instead 
of being idle, he had been all the time, very well employed." 
The accusation here fails to be substantiated by its accompany- 
ing facts. Peters was at Milford but ten weeks, as already speci- 
fied. Owing to his severe illness, he could not have been suffi- 
ciently strong to have complied with his instructions in less than 
two or three weeks. For the rest of the time, he exerted himself 



1851.] Memoir of Hugh Peters. 293 

so that three companies were engaged, prepared and sent to their 
appointed station. This, of itself, would have saved him, with all 
his activity, from the just charge of being dilatory. But, in addi- 
tion, he and two friends, succeeded in collecting and establishing 
a church on their own platform. Surely, were the supposed fic- 
tion of Mrs. Cromwell's displeasure at Peters, because he wasted 
his time, a fact, she must have judged erroneously ; could she have 
had experience in the performance of such labors, she would have 
been convinced, that commendation, and not blame, was his due. 
1650, Feb. 7. A letter of the Cromwelliana, is addressed by 
Peters, from Milford, to one of his friends. He mentions, that "the 
Marquesse of Ormond hath had a treaty with the popish clergy," 
in Ireland, " and many overtures have passed between them, and 
at last all things are fully concluded between them." He states, 
that Cromwell is preparing to march against their forces. He 
adds, " Sir Lewis Dives (the great royalist, that broke away to 
save his head, when the Lords were to be tried,) is among the Popish 
Irish. I believe his being there is to see what is probable to be 
done by them for their king there. We are giving the ingagement. 
I pray God self-denial may appear among all hearts." 

March 23. The Diurnal says, one writes' from Milford to Lon- 
don, " I have enclosed two letters, sent Master Peters, which he 
was entreated ; wherein there are from New England and else- 
where, very savoury propositions and seasonable for England and 
Ireland." One of these communications is signed R. S. A pas- 
sage or two are cited. " Observing in a letter of yours, your pious 
desires to have help of ministers among the ignorant and super- 
stitious Irish, I thought it not amisse, to impart some cogitations 
unto you. Ireland is conceived unhealthy in the generality, so 
that men dare not fix themselves without some triall. I conceive, 
that if some liberty were given to English ministers, to depute, 
for a while, some in their places in England, till they had experi- 
ence how their bodies would agree with that climate, it might 
happily draw over some considerable men, that did affect the con- 
version of that nation." The writer advises, that favor be shown 
to the Irish, who speak English, and thus " spread our language 
unto the people and the sooner let in the Gospel." 

25. Information is received in the metropolis, from " Milford 
Haven, that the country thereabout did unanimously take the In- 
gagement ; that Mr. Peters opened the matter to them, and did 
much incourage them to take it." 

April 27. He communicates at South Wales, with a distant 
friend. Among his related facts is, that a frigot which sailed yes- 
terday from Milford for Ireland, is to bring Cromwell back to Eng- 
land if he prefer. 

1651, April 17. The Missionary Corporation write from Lon- 
don to the Commissioners of the United Colonies. They observe 
in reference to the Mission, among the Indians : " It is strange to 
see what and how many objections arise against the work, some 
from the ill management of former gifts, bestowed on the country of 
New England, of which no account hath been given to the donors, 



294 Memoir of Hugh Peters, [J^^y? 

and some personally reflecting on Mr. Wells and Mr. Peters, some 
upon ourselves, as if we had so much per pound of what is col- 
lected, or might feast ourselves liberally therewith; whereas 
through mercy, we never eat or drank of the fruit or charge of it, 
and neither have had or expect a penny or pennyworth for all the 
pains we shall take therein. As for Mr. Peters and Mr. Wells, 
they have sufficiently satisfied us with what hath been formerly 
answered." 

This year, Peters publishes his " Good Work for a good Magis- 
trate, or a short cut to great quiet." 

June 7. In the dedication of it, " To the Supreme Power, and 
all true Patriots under them," are the subsequent extracts. The 
contents of the production " are the scribblings of two friends di- 
vided by places, to satisfy each other about some practicable 
pieces of several kindes, especially looking at Religion, the Poor, 
Justice, Law, Navies, Merchandize, which are now the breeders 
of manie thoughts amongst Englishmen. And truly as hee is 
foolish, that would dare to prescribe to your wisdoms ; so is hee 
unfaithful, that would keep a mite from your treasure. It is de- 
sired, that no man of anie profession would despise these small 
things, or the dale of them ; but seriously attend them to enlarge- 
ment and practice ; for doubtless, an honest heart and a quick 
head will soon enliven all these. Your Honors know you are the 
Remainders of much winnowing. You know as your travels 
have been great and dangerous, so verie successful. This good we 
have alreadie under you, that men may bee as good as they can, 
but not so bad as they would. It is humbly conceived, Republicks 
sow the seed of their ruin in faction ; which wise men sale cannot 
bee cured but by frequent elections, and cleer and plain dealings 
betwixt men in place, according to Mat. 18. And then who can 
saie a government of so manie praiers and tears should perish ? 
when after ages shall read written on your doors, and practised by 
you and your successors, 

This hous hates sin, loves 

peace and vice corrects, 
Mainteins just Laws, and 

honest men protects." 

After these suggestions, Peters addresses a friend of the initials, 
J. T. " You must excuse mee, if I join my thoughts with yours, 
and further give waie to opportunitie pressing the publishing our 
heartie short breathings after the good of the Commonwealth, 
rais'd and preserv'd even to miracle. Bee not discouraged to con- 
tinue your contributions. I know wee now desire onley to laie 
this rough work before better heads and hands, and be assured 
this nation is not barren altogether of self denying spirits and in- 
genuous Patriots; and though Holland seem to get the start of us, 
yet wee may so follow, as to stand at length on their shoulders 
and so see further. Our present ti'ansactions make us look like 
Martha, wee hope our great end will appear to be Marie's one 
thing necessarie." 

[To he continued.'] 



1851.] Earliest Wills on Record in Saffolk County^ 3Is, 295 



ABSTllACTS OF THE EARLIEST WILLS UPON RECORD 
IN THE COUNTY OF SUFFOLK, MASS. 

[Continued from page 242, vol. vi.] 

Thomas Rucke, Junior,* 

Of Boston in New England. To John Rucke of Salem in New Eng- 
land, all my wearing a})paiTell & lynnen 6c my sea instruments & books. 
To Samuel Rucke of Salem 10/. of lawful money of England. To Joane 
Kalsoe, my sister, 10/. Goods unbequatlied to Mr. Thomas Rucke my 
father, wliome I make my sole. executor. Thomas Rucke. 

In presence of William Crofts^ 
Zachary Cullen, 

This being belieued to be y° act and deede of Tho : Rucke, Juno*", though 
the witnesses that should pi'ove it are in England, & so not cappable of 
giueing their testimony, at the request of Mr. Tho : Rucke, Sen'", the 
magistrates doe graunt administracon to the estate of Tho : Rucke, Jun^, to 
Tho : Rucke, Sen"", he acting with the estate as neare as may bee to the 
will. 2G June,f 1G53. Rdward Rawsotijllecord^ 

Thomas Dudley, 

Of Roxbury in New England, made in perfect health, the 26tli of Aprill, 
1652 ; for my sole I comend it unto the hande of my God in whome I 
haue beleued, whome I haue loued, which hee hath promised to receiue in 
lesus Christ my redeemer & sauiour, with wliome I desire euer to bee, 
leaueing this testimony behinde mee for the Vse & exam})le of my ppsteri- 
tie, & any other vpon whome it may worke, that I haue hated & doe hate 
euery falce way in religion, not onely the old Idolitry & superstition of 
Popery which is wearing away, but much more (as being much worse) the 
more herisies blasphamies & error of late sprunge vpp in our natiue coun- 
try of England & secretly receieied & fostered. — My body I desire to bee 
buried neare my first wife, if my present wife be lining at my death. My 
temporall estate I intend to despose of it as iustly and equally as I can 
contriue it, betweene the posteritie of my childn by my first wife, and my 
children by my last wife, accounting Thomas Dudley & John Dudley my 
grand children (wliome I haue brought upp) in some sort as my immediate 
children. First what I couenanted at my marriage with my p^'sent wife, 
to giue to her, & such cliild"^ as I should haue by her, bee made good vnto 
them, with this condition & explanacon ; that all my lands in Roxbury, 
being duely vallued by my executor, w*^ all my goods, debts, plate, house^ 
hold stuffe & bookes. — My sonne Joseph Dudley to haue a double portion, 
& Paule Dudley, & Deborah Dudley, each a single porcon ; — land to goe to 
Joseph according to my foremenconed couenant, & y^ Goods & debts to 
Paule &: Deborah. If the land amount to more then a double porcon, 
then to take ovt of y® same from Joseph, and giue it to Paule & Deborah. 
My present wife & my three children to haue all my lands, goods & debts, 

* This will is twice recorded in the original volume. The second time, what fol- 
lows was added : " The orii^inall will by order of y^ majests, Depty Goun^s, Mr. Now- 
el/i & Mr. Hibbias, was deliuered to Mr. Thomas Jiticke, Serf, y* so he might prooue it 
in England. Ediv'^ liawson, ReC- 

t This date is given by the Recorder, when he recorded it the second time, "16 
June." 

4 



296 Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County^ Ms, [July, 

(except what I giue to others) I giue to the children of my sonne Samuell 
Dudley, the Gtli ])art of my mill at AVatertowne, & of the house & ffteene 
acres of land in AVatertoAvn, together av^'' a Gth part of y*^ debt w"^^ Thos: 
Mayhew his heires doe owe me for not performing their hargaine w*^ me, 
for w*^^ the said myll was pte of my assurance — to be equally divided 
among them. — To the childn of my dau. Bradstreete, another Gth. To the 
childrn of my (\i\\\. Denison, another Gth. — To the children of my dau. 
Woodhridge another Gth. Also vnto the aforesaid Thomas Dudley^ an- 
other Gth ; & to the aforesaid Jolin Dudley the other Gth. If my sonne 
Samidl Dudley, or any of my three daughters, Bradstrecte, Denison, or 
Woodbridge, have any more cliildren, they shall haue equal shares with 
the rest. To enter upon said mill & lands the 20th day of October 
next, after my death & not before. They to pay my dau. Sarah Pacy, 
half yearly, 20 s. apiece yearly. To the deacons of the church of Rox- 
bury, 5 markes, by them to be distributed to the poor of said towne. 
"Worthy & beloued friends, John Elliott, teacher of the church at Roxbury, 
Samidl Danforth, pastor of the said church, John Johnson, Surveyor Gen- 
erall of the Amies, & Willim Parlces of the said church, giueing to each 
of them, if they shall line, 2 years after my death, 5 /. apiece — that they 
will doe for mee & mine as I would haue done for them 6c theirs in the 
like case. In my former will I have named my sons executors, but better 
considering of their remote dwelling, &c., I have chosen my aforesaid 
friends to be executors. Tho: Dudley. 

To grand-childe Thomas Dudley, 10 Z a yeare, for 2 yrs after my death, 
besides what I shall owe the colledge for him at my death. To grand- 
childe, John Dudley, 15 /. a yeare, for 3 yeares after my death. To wife 
I give the tyme & interest I haue in John JRankcn, also all my rent Sc 
profitts of my will at Watertowne, from the day of my death till the 20th 
of October, then next following, on condition that she giue to my dau., Sa- 
rah Pacy, her diett, &c., or after the rate of G I. by the yeare, till she is to 
receive what I haue giuen her out of my will — I meane her first payment 
thereof. Whereas my sonne, Samuell Dudley, hath beene importunate with 
me to mayntaine his sonne, Thomas, at y^ colledge at Cambridge, untill 
the month of August, 1G54, when he is to take his 2d. degree, I haue con- 
sented thereto, but soe that the case of the Educacon of my younger child- 
ren doth compell me to retreate and revoake from my said sonne, Samnell, 
and his other children & their heeres, the Gth part of my mill & lands at 
Watertowne, and do revoake & call back also 20 I. I gaue to the said 
Thomas Dudley his soone, & 45/. I gaue to John Dudley, another of the 
sonnes of my said sonne Sarmiell Dudley, ^y^^ I hereby doe, yett because it 
is not equal! that John Dudley nforei^ixid (who hath been seruisable to mee) 
should losse any thing by my benefycence to his brother, I do hereby giue 
vnto him, the said John Dudley, all the said Gth part of my myll & land at 
Watertowne, w'^^^ I had formerly giuen to his father, or his yonger brothers 
& sisters, so that I haue settled a 3d part of the said mill vpon him the 
said Johji Dudley, & a Gth ]>art vpon the said Thomas Dudley. Witness 
my hand, this 13tli day of Aprill, 1G53. Thomas Dudley. 

My will is that this scIkmIhIc be annexed to my will, & be as authentic- 
all as the same, and my meaning is, that this Gth part of the mill at AVater- 
towne be charged w*^ 40s. a yeare, to be })aid to my dau. Saj'ah Pacy, as 
before this schedule was made. ISIy dau. Pacy to haue guen her a feather 
bed & boulster, w*^'^ shee had when she lined last at Boston, one yellowe 
Ilugg & 2 blanketts of the worser sort, 2 paire of little sheetes, & a chest. 

May 28th, 1 G53. Tho: Dudley. 



1851.] Earliest Wills on Uecordin Suffolk County, Ms, 297 

The charge of my long sicknesse, I thereby being disenabled to make 
bargaines as I was wont for the vpholding of my estate, I finde my estate 
thereby, and by other meanes soe weakned, that the due care of my thre 
youngest children's education compelleth mee to reuoake & detract a 6th 
part of what I had giuen to mine other children & grand child'^ out of my 
will, & settle it vpon my three younger child*^, I do therefore recall from 
my other child'} a 6th part out of euery share w^^ by my will I had for- 
merly giuen them. And I giue the said 6th parts to my said three 
youngest children. Witness my hand to this vSchedule also. Witness, 
Samuel Dcmfortli^ who wrot this, as Mr. Dudley dictated to me by his 
direction, this 8tli day of July, 1653. Tiio: Dudley. 

My three youngest child? shalbe rateably charged for what is here 
giuen them to my daughter Sarah Pacy, as the others are. 




Mr. John Johnson, on the 15th of August, 1653, appeered before the 
Magistrates, & did on his oath present this as the last will of Tho: Dudley, 
late of Roxbury, Esqr. w^ was found in the chest of the said Thomas 
Dudley, psently after his decease, vnder locke & key. 

Edio'^. Bawson, Recorder. 

The magistrates did allow & approue of this will with the schedules 
annexed. Present, Richard Bellinyham, Esq. Mr. Nowell, & Mr. Hihhins. 

Edwt Rawson, Recorder. 



James Bate 



Elder, of Dorchester in New England, 22^ day of the ninth month 
called November, 1655, giue vnto my Sonne Mf Richard Bate of Lid 
Towne in Kent in Old England, all my Lands, moveable goods & debts 
y* I now haue or hereafter may haue in Old or New England, to be dis- 
posed of by him, according to his discretion ; yet desireous y* he would 
attend vnto such directions thereabout, as I shall send in writing, vnless I 
shall See ground & reason afterwards to alter the said directions in any of 
the pticulars thereof. Said Sonne whome I haue all wayes found faithfuU, 
my sole Executor. 

Subscribed as well as he in y® want of his bodily sight could write in ye 
p^'sence of Gabrell Mead & in"" Roh* Howard, Not^ pub*:"^ 

James Bate. 

Codicil Sonne James Bate shalbe joyned Executo"^ with Sonne 

Richard, only for this purpose, that, sonne James may receiue such debts 
as are owing vnto me in N. England, also to Sell such Lands & goods as 
I have, excepting what is mentioned in my directions, to be giuen vnto my 
Grand child James ffoster, provided he doth make a true Inventory y'^of, 
and convey y^ said Estate vnto my said Sonne Richard. 

26*^ Nov. 1655 James Bate the Elder, 

Roh' Howard deposed to the above, 14 Jan 1655. ^^ 1 U^ "*^- 

Roger Clap, aged forty sixe yeares or thereabouts, saith — he being w*^ 
m'" James Bate to visete him in his sicknes, — he intreated him to take 

* This fac simile has been loaned for our use by Mr. Capcn, author of tho State 
Record. 



298 Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County^ Ms. [July, 

some wittnes witli himselfe, that it was his will his daughter Gibson haue 
lenn pounds for liir owne vse & at liir disposing, &c not to her hus- 
bands ; the said lioger said to m"^ Bate, if you haue any written will, it 
must be added thereto, he replyed with earnestness y* he would haue done. 
Edw'^ Roger & Nicho Claj^p — haue all three taken theire Oathes to the 
truth of the Testimony — written 17: 11"' mo. before me, 22 Jan. 1G55. 

Jo: Endecott, Gov' 

1 Jas Bate testify, — I heard my father Bate say the Sabbath day before 
he dyed, y* he would giue vnto his dau. Margret Gibson tenn pounds — at 
her disposing, & not at her husbands, which he said he would add vnto his 
written will. James Bate came before me, 19: ll'^" caled Jan^ 1655, and 
took oath to the truth of the p'mises. Jo Endecott, Gov'" 

Know That whereas I James Bate the Elder haue made a will, — 22*^ 
9T 1655, wherein I make son RicU Sole Execut'" expreseing in Said will 
further direction, in writing to be given vnto him — as followeth, vdizt. — 
he to giue vnto sonne James three children Sam!- Allice Sc Mary, £100 
a piece, when one & twenty yeares of age ; son James to have the profit 
of sd portions, vntill then for & towards their bringing vp ; in case he doth 
goe with his family to Line in Eng. Allso sonne James putt in good secu- 
rity to pay said £300. my house. Orchard & three Acres of planting 
Land adjoyning with the meadow, also adjoyning, on y^ back of said 
dwellinghouse, in Dorchester, New England, I giue vnto James ffoster, 
his Grandchild provided y* (J^ar wife Allice Bate, haue her maintenance 
out of said house &c. Also I will m"" Mather Teacher of the church of 
Dorchester haue £20 and y^ now wife of Gabriell Mead £20. These 
directions bearing date with said will. James Bate y^ Elder 

Rob' Howard No^>' pub. * ^ "^"^^' 

14 Jan 1655 deposed by Robt Howard, 



W^? Davis. 

W"" Davis, seaman — giue Isaac Colemore of Boston all to me belong- 
ing — only to Henery Tite my pistoll, what debts I doe owe be pajd out of 
my Estate. — 14 Sep. 1655. William Davis. 

Witness NatJt^ Williams 
Marke of J >j John Sauders. 

10.9:1655 NatU Williams & Jno Sanders deposed before Court, 
that this schedule was the true mind of W^ JJaris. 

10: 9: 55. Power of Administration graunted to Isaac Cidlemore. 



Timothy Jones. 

11: lO"?'' 1655 — Timothy Jones of Dorchester — appoint John Kinrjsley 
of Dorchester & IP" Robinson oi' same towne executors; they shall dis})ose 
of what is mjne for the best good of my wife <fe child ; — vnto wife tliird ]i* 
of all I haue here or in England, my son to have the rest. — P^xecutors sell 
Land to the paying wife her Legacy & the keeping of my child. If 
father Kingsley desire to buy any of my Land IP" Robinson shall choose 
two men to judge the value of it — he paying for it as much as another 
would doe. Timothy Jones O'Is marke) 

'"'iT'"'' 3 J^" 1^^^^ ^^^^' Sp2irr k Thos Pearse 

"^f^,* a de])osed that this was the Last will 

^t^ ^P''"! of Timothy Jones. 

I nomas Rearse 



1851.] JEarliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County, Ms. 299 

John Clemens. 

John Clemens seaman — giue Isaac Cullemore that I have clue vnto me 
in the Adam & Eue ; foure pounds vnto my sister liueing in wakerin 
Avithin Sixe miles of Lee named Mary Clemens to pay what 1 owe in the 
sliipp. — I owe Nicholas Pris one shilling, — Rich'^ Gletherhj one shilling 
c\: sixe pence ; — the rest giue vnto Isaac Cullemore. 

The marke of John I ll SandcrS. The marke of JoJin W ClcmenS. 

Jjenj Thiving ' 
W"" Steuenson 
more — one pound ten shillings to be allowed vnto my wages for short 
allowance 

County Court 10. 9: 1G55 
Jno Sanders & IP" Steuenson deposed — Administration granted to 
Isack Cullemore. 



Samuell Morse. 

2: 10: 1654. Samuell Morse, Estate whether movables or jmmova- 
bles, as house, Lands, Chattle, house houlde stulfe, bequeath all vnto J^h'z- 
abeth Morse my wife ; — after her decease to be devided amongst my child- 
ren, John Morse^ Danielle Mary Bidlin^ & Aim Morse, the wile of my son 
Joseph deceased, who with my sajd children shall haue an equall portion — 
for the childrens sake of my said beloued Joseph — the above named Ann 
shall make an equall distribution when they & euery one of them shall 
grow vp to the age of one & twenty wife Elizabeth executrix. 

SaM^ Morse 2 Ws marke. 
his 

Henry H Smith Ralph Wheelock 

inarkc hia 

Samuell ^J Rullin. 

marke 



Bezoune Allen 

Of Boston ; beloued wife Third part of Estate Reall & psonall, besides 
my best bed bedstedd, Curtaines, vallaints & furniture in y'' Chamber w^''^ 
I now lye in, with all my plate, not doubting hir motherly Care and Loue 
to bring vp my Children in y*^ feare of god, — being allowed necessary 
Charge for diet & Clothes. Overseers, Mr Edivard Raivson, & mr Jere- 
miah Houchin. Eldest sonne a duble portion ; all y^ rest of my children, 
as well y* w*^^ shee goeth withall, haue equall porcons paid them at y*' age 
of one & twenty yeares or day of marriage, w*^'* shall first liappen. In 
case any of My Children die the portions to be equally devided amongst 
y^ rest ; if all should die before they attaine y^ age or tyme aforesaid, then, 
wife haue one halfe, y^ other halfe to be deuided between sister Eliz: bnr- 
cJiam, & sister Joanna Pecks, thejre Children ; to M"" Hnhbard my friend 
& pasto"" Ten pounds, ffiue pounds whereof I formerly j)romised him 
towards his house — to Mathewe Hawkes fiue pounds ; my eldest Son my 
Ring ; & y* he haue my mares as p* of his double porcon at aprizm* now, 
and to Runne till he be of Age ; my man hue pounds at y^ end of his time, 
if he proue faithfull to his mrs: 20f to my maid. Bkzoun Allen. 

9*^ Sep. 16o2. 

Jeremiah Beales, 

Josiah Huhberd. memorandum, y* y*' scale of this will was accedentally 
torn off by y® deputyes before m'' Hills brought it vp to y^ magistrates : 
w^^ is to stand as firme as if it were sealed as it was: 28 oct. 1G52. y® 



300 Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County^ Ms. [July, 

magistnites consid*" this act to be necessary. Jo: Endecott^ Gov.^ vi'^^ was 
ordered by y*^ vote of y^ whole Court to be as Athenticke w4iout y^ scale 
as witli it, & as it was before. Edw'^ Jtawson, Secret" Recorded 10 July," 
1053. Edw'^ liawson, Sec^. 



Raciiell Bigg 

(17. Nov^ 1G4G) of dorchester, widdow, hauing soulde my house and 
land wherein now I dwell vnto Nephew Ilopestill ffostcr for one hundred 
& twenty pounds, to be payed w*4n halfe one yeare after my decease, he 
shall paie vnto thankfull Stowe Threescore pounds within halfe a yeare 
next after my decease, & I giue more vnto thankfull Stow, Twenty pounds, 
w^hich is due from said Hopestill to be paid her w^'Mn three months after my 
decease ; if the said Hopestill do not pay the three-score pounds so giuen, 
then I giue the house & land vnto her ; he performing y^ payments. I 
giue him three score pounds the remainder of the said some of one hun- 
dred & Twenty pounds, & the Rent of the said house & Lands so it 
amountes not to aboue Eight pounds, out of w*^^ he shall giue three pounds 
vnto his dau. Thankfull, to bee layed out vpon a siluer Pott for her, 
marke w'^ E. B. and twenty shillings to his sonne Hopestill to buy for him 
three siluer spoones, — also fforty shillings to his dau. Patience, to be lay^d 
out vpon sixe siluer spoones for her ; all the spoones to be marked w*^ 
R. B. — also I giue vnto him the said Hopestill a ffeather Bed & boulster. 
My sonn in Law John Stow oweth me one hundred and iforty pounds, 
which he promiseth to pay out of his house and lands in Roxbury, out of 
w^^ I giue vnto his Eldest sonn Thomas Stowe Thirty pounds, he paying 
out of it fforty shillings to be layed out vpon sixe siluer spoones to be 
marked w*^ R. B. of w*^^ I giue three of them to his dau. Marie, the other 
three to his son Sard.. Vnto his Eldest sonn John, a siluer cup, w^^ I 
bought of his father ; — vnto Elizabeth Stow, wife of henery Archer, Thirty 
pounds, Ifiue pounds out of it in fifteene spoones marked R. B. sixe to her 
dau. Rachell, three to John, three to Isaac, three to Theophilos, ther three 
sonnes ; — vnto Elizabeth Stow my siluer Pott, and my Booke of dockter 
Preston to be deliuered by executors. Vnto NatU Stoic, Twenty pounds, 
hauing giuen him formerly a small Tenement & land ; vnto Sam'' Stow 
Thirty pounds, to be paid vnto them by their ffather Av*^in one year after 
my decease ; — vnto Peter Masters, my sonn in law, now lining in England, 
Twenty shillings; — to his dau. Elizabeth Tenn shillings ; to his wife. Rath- 
er in, my fiUe kirtle ; — vnto nC Richard Mather, iforty shillings ; — to the 
poor in Dorchester, Twenty shillings, to be distributed to tliem by the dea- 
cons where they see most need ; — vnto yci^ Newman HcjiV John Miller tenn 
shillings apeece ; — vnto James Batte senio'", ffiue shillings, to his sonne 
Ja?;ie5, Ifme shillings ; the now wife of Thos. Lyme lliue sliillings; — Cle- 
7nent Batte Twenty shillings ; — his dau. Rachell ten shillings ; — to the resi- 
due of his Children, ihue shillings apeece: — Thos Bcatts, T^v cut j shillings; 
Thos Beall, John Compton, Goodwife Turner, wife of Rich"^ Brittainc, 
Goodman Meade, Old marrfery, & Goodwife Place, to euery of them ffiue 
shillings ; — poore Goodwife /////, «& goodwife Patching, tenn shillings 
apeece ; — some considerations moueing 1 further giue Thankfull Stow all 
my houseliold stuife & ])late. — All the residue of my goods &c to louing 
soime in law John Stowe, — my executor. — Dated the day & yeare aboue 

AVrittcn, The markc of R . B. RaCIIELL 

J (MC). Jii p''sence of Bigg & scale 

Rich'^ Pcacocke, 
Oabrell Meede. 



1851.] Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County^ Ms, 301 

Biclt'^ Peacoche Testified that this was the last will of Rachell Bifjg 
Taken vppon oath &c 30 (4) 1647 W"' Aspinuall 

Record^ 
Entr'^ & Record"^ 20 Feb. 1653 at Request of Ensijrne Hopstill foster 

Edw'^ Uaivson Recor'^ 



William Potter 

(14 Jan. 1653) — of Roxheiy, being sicke. Vnto ni^ Tompson, Pasto'" 
of y*' church of Brantrey, Tenn Pounds, to be pay*^ within one yeare after 
my death ; m'' fjHint^ Teacher of y^ church of Brantrey, tenn pounds, to be 
payd within one yeare as before ; vnto brother John Potters wife, in Eng- 
land, her foure Children w^^ she had by my brother, sixe pounds, thirteene 

shillings foure pence ; vnto Brother Geo, Potter, if he be lining, [the 

same] if he be dead to be equally deuided betweene all his children then 
lining ; — to sister Jane three pounds sixe shillings, eight pence, if Lining, if 
dead to her children, if she hath none, then itts go to brother Jii" Potter's 
children ; — sister Amies dau. wife of John Cohing, three pounds, sixe 
shilP eight pence, if lining, if not, to her children, if none, to bro. Geo. 
Potters children. — my wifes dau. Hannah Graue, Twenty pounds, to be 
payd her at y^ day of her marriage ; also Twenty pounds more to be payd 
her at my wifes death. Vnto y*^ Schoole in Roxbery, Twenty shillings : 
to y^ CoUedge at Cambridge, Twenty shillings; all y*^ rest of estate Lands 
& debts with the debt y* mr. W'^ Brenton of Boston doth owe me, three 
score & tenn pounds or thereabouts, vnto loueing wife. Executor, she & 
her heires foreuer. My desyer is my wife wil be carefull to send to my 
friends in England, & if they desyer to haue this twenty pound sent them, 
y* she will be carefull to advice w*'^ 3P fiint, y* it may be conveyed to y'" 
as safely as it may be, but my wife not to stand to any hazard of y^ goeing 

f^V ^1 The marke ..^ of 

P It p Phillip Elliot & Rol/ Pepper deposed before 

Phillip ^Curtis ' y' ^^"''^ y' ^'''^ ^''^^^ ^^^ Jan^ 1653, y* 

r J. r iKT 77 they saw W"" Potter si^-ne this as his 

p'^sent m JS/oioeil t x -n o 1 1 i* o j i 

^ r TT-ii' Last will, & Y^ he was oi a bound mynd, 

m Hibbins „ rn o*' , i .i c 

fy t fy 7. • &c. 1 he Court approved thereoi. 

& Recorder 



John Glover 

Of Boston. — I haue by deede giuen to sonne Thos. all my Lands in 
England, w*^^ pmise they shalbe freed of my wines dowre &: promised to 
him four hundred pounds ; — to sonne JVathl so much in good payment, as 
would make Lands, the which I deliuered him, worth foure hundred 
pound ; haue also giuen sonne Eahakucke, one halfe of the new house in 
Boston nearest m*^ Wehhs house with halfe of all the other housing, lialfe of 
y'^ yeard, & pitts in it, & other accomodations for tanning, & promised to 
make it vp foure hundred pounds, these with all other my debts to be 
duely payd out of goods, debts due me, profitts of Lands in Dorchester & 
Boston, saucing wiues dowre. my two sonnes, John & Pelatiah, either of 
them, one hundred pound payd them out of my goods. — y^ profitts of my 
two farmes on the further side of the River in Dorchester & out of tlie 
one halfe of my house, yeard, other housing &: tan pitts not herein exprest, 
to be giuen my sonne Hahacucke, as soone as my wiues necessary mainte- 
nance out of the aforesaid estate will p mitt ; my beloued wife relinquish- 



302 Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County^ Ms. [July, 

ing right of dowre in England shall haue all the rest of my goods, profitts 
of two farmcs in Dorchester aforesaid, half house, yeard, housing and tann- 
pitts in Boston vndisposed of. sonn Ilabacucke halfe of my house in Bos- 
ton next goodman Hudsons^ w**^ half of yeard &c [he] paying in one year 
to Sonne Thos Glover ten pounds ; son Nath'' forty pounds, & to Harvard 
CoUedge at Cambridge, towards y^ maintenance of a fellow there, fiue 
pounds a yeare foreuer, if my heloved wife can spare to giue the said Hue 
pound a year in her life time, I doubt not she will giue it ; wife Executor, 
m'" Rich'^ Mather & m'' Henery WitJdngton overseers. 

If sonnes Jolm & Pelatiah haue occasion to sell m^ Neivherys farme, it 
be sould to sonne NatU if he desyer to buy it — 11 Aprill, 1G55. 

John Glover 

Vpon further Consideration of what Sonnes John & Pelatiah haue 
already receiued in their education, y* after the decease of my wife, they 
receiue out of my farmes in Dorchester either of them y^ sume of two 
Imndred pounds, w*^*^ sume of four hundred pounds being first payd them, 
I giue the Reversion & Inheritance of the said farmes to Hahacuke, John, 
Natli^ & Pelatiah, & their heires foreuer, to be equally devided. 26: 11: 
lGo3. John Glouer. 

W'" Hihhins. 

9*^ ffeb: 1653 m'" Hahacuche Glouer appeared before y^ Magistrates & 
presented y^ aboue to be y^ Last will & Testam* of his father m"" John 
Glouer deceased m'" IT'" Hihhins being wittnes. Approved, 

nf Hihhins Record"" 



W*^ Denning. 

Being now sick ; Louing friends & Brethren Edw^ ffletcher & John 
Hull of Boston, overseers. To wife A7in Dening y® vse of all my estate 
shall not haue power to alienate any part ; — after her decease, if son Qh\T , 
diah come over into N. E. then one half of estate to be his, in case he doth 
not come p sonally into y^ Country, then I giue vnto said sonne twenty 
shillings, and no more ; y^ Remainder shal be giuen, together with y^ other 
halfe, after the decease of my wife, vnto my kinswoman Mary Powell, 
Provided y^ said Mary continue with my wife dutifull dureing her life, if 
not, vpon just complaint made to Edw'^ ffletcher & Jno Hull, I giue full 
power to disinheritt her; — also giue them power to sell one piece of 
ground of about half an Acre lyeing below my garden, bounded with the 
highway one side, & ground of Maudil English on the west. & Dea Mar- 
shall & Cap* RoU Keayne on y*^ North, only reseruing one Roud broad at 
y*^ end next my garden from the high way, for a passage into my other 
ground ; also any other part of estate to pay any just debt withall ; if my 
wife stand in necessity for further maintenance she shall haue liberty to 
sell such things as may best be sould for necessary support, provided it be 
with y^ consent of overseers. 18^^ IIT 1653. William Denning. 

Attestants, Gamalell Waite. 
Benj Negus. 

Gamaliell Waite & Benj"' Negus deposed before the IVlagistrates that 
they saw W'" Denning signe this will ; he was of a disposing mind to the 
best of their knowledge this 31 Jan^' 1653. 



Jn^ Robinson 

2d day of June, 1653. — Due to me from My maister, W"^ Phillips, for 
wages, Eight pounds seauen shillings, also seauen pounds ten shillings 



1851. Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County, 3fs. 303 

from m*" Richard Lord & m** Goodier of Newhauen, for wages vpon a 
Barbadoes Voyage, my request is y* the docter be satisfyed, & what I 
owe to my Landlord, RoM ffeild^ for dyett. Lodging, & Attendance ; what 
I owe my maister, & what may be over & aboue I leaue to [him] & Rolf' 
ffeild, [but] in case y* my mother or sister may bp aliue and demand it, 
then they to haue it, if not aliue, then to keepe it P'"^ Comfort Starr. 

JElias Hosking. 
m' Comfort Starr deposed before Magistrates, 9 June, 1653, — was pres- 
ent when Jn" Rohison declared this to be his will — Administration granted 
to Rol/ffeild. 



John Cooper. 

Now resident in Weymouth being sicke, doe make this my will ; y* y® 
wife of m"" Hcnery Wakliam, in whose house I now sojourne, may be fully 
satisfyed for charges in Phisicke, Attendance or otherwise w^^ being done, 
if any thing remaine, y* Hazillpenah Willockes, dwelling now with m** 
Waltham, haue tcnn shillings — all the rest of my goods & cloathes vnto 
Louing friend Thos Dyer of Weymouth, executor. John Cooper. 

witnesse W"" Torry, 

Jonatham Waltham. Deposed by W^ Torry, Oct 2L 1G53. 



Joseph Shaw. 

12. Decf 1653,) of Wej^Tiiouth; to Mary my Louing wife, one halfe, of 
all my Estate & Lands, the other halfe to be devided amongst my Child- 
ren, with respect of a double portion to Joseph, my Eldest Sonne ; wife 
& my Brother Nicholas Browne* Executors ; — Ephraim, Hunt & Joseph 
BicTcnall, both of Weymouth [overseers] Joseph Shaw. 

Witnesses John Clarke 
W^ Cotton 
NatU Souther, Not. pub. 

m'' John Clarke & JF"* Cotton deposed before the Magistrates y* they 
saw John Shaw siorne this as his Last will, &c. 3 ffeb. 1653. 



Rebecca Webb 

Grandchild Rehecca Armitaye, sole executrix ; to pay all my debts, pos- 
sesse all my goods, debts & estate. Loveing friends Thomas Butolph 
Seniof & Peter Ollii^er administrators. Committ vnto y^ the care of said 
grandchild & my said goods debts or Estate to improoue to the best be- 
hoofe of said grandchild, also to dispose of her in marriage (if she Hue till 
she be capable thereof, or at sixteene yeares of age, then she hath liberty 
to dispose of hir estate hir selfe, in case God take hir away by death 
before marriage, but at twenty yeares of Age she hath power over hir 
estate, but not of hir pson in marriage without Consent of hir father God- 
frey Armitage, Thomas Butolph & Peter Olliver. If God take away 
said Rebecca by death before the age of sixteen yeares, then Admin- 
istrators & Sonne Armitage have all my estate to be equally devided be- 
tweene y'^, they paying such Legacys as followeth, (vizt) to Seaborne Cot- 
ton & John Cotton forty shillings a piece, to m^ John Wilson, Junior, forty 
shillings, to his sister dauenport forty shillings ; m" dauenport forty shil- 
lings, for her loue & care of said grandchild ; & sixe pound a yeare with 

* The name Byram written with a pencil in the margin and a line drawn under 
Brown. 



304 JEarliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County^ 3Is. [July, 

hir for two ycares. Aboue named Administrator^ & said sonne in Law 
twenty shillings a piece : wittnes my hand the 10*^ Dec'" 1654. 

in j/sence of Rebecca Webb W hermarko 

James Johnson. 
Jonath Negus. 
Leift James Johnson & Jonathan JVer/us sworne before y^ Magistrates 
23 feb. 54, saith they saw liehecca Webb signe this as hir Last will, &:c. 



William Lane of Dorchester. 

Vnto Thomas Rider my Sonne in Law, & dau. Elizabeth his wife, my 
new dwelling house in Dorchester with all the outhousing, garden, &c. 
only to & for the vse of my dau. & liir children : ffor euer : except my 
great Lott within the great Lotts of Dorchester within Pale & without, 
Estimated 24 Acres more or lesse, wch I giue vnto dau Mary Long ; also 
such psonall Estate as I dye possesed of shall by my Executors be thus 
distributed; vnto sonne Thomas Linclzliorne of Hingham, £8. in silver; 
vnto Sonne George Lane of Hingham, £8. ; sonne Nath Baker of H. £8. ; 
Sonne Andrew Lane of H. £8. the discharge of these Legacyes in Siluer 
aforesaid £G0. due vnto me vpon Bill fro m^ John Glover, the Remainder 
of the Bill after £32. in Legacyes (being Twenty Eight) I giue Ynio Mary 
Long, my dau. together with all my psonall estate, except one standing 
bedsteed in the Parlor, also one table & one chest in the house, & also 
two fatt? in the Leantoo to wett Barly in, w'^^ I giue vnto my s_onne Rider, 
& his wife to Pemaine at the house, vnto 3fary Long all my Cattle, haye, 
Corne, mault, swine. Pewter, brase, beding, & all my Estate ; funnerall 
charges & Legacyes being discharged ; vnto ffredome Kingley, who hath 
beene my faithfvll Servant. 20f Mary Long Xo haue liberty in my dwell- 
ing house after my decease for the Removall of hirselfe & goods fro 
thence, such time as my executors thinke convenient, not exceeding sixe 
moneths after the day of my Buriall, also such liberty in the Barne & 
vpon the Land Concerning hir haye, Corne & Cattle, w*^^ is thus to be 
vnderstood, that it shall not at all p'judice or hinder Tho Rider from the 
vse of the Land at all ; in case I dye in such Season as the Land is to be 
planted or Sowne, he haue liberty so to doe, & she haue liberty to Reape 
& take what was by me planted or Sowne. Louing ^voihox Joseph ff am- 
worth & John Wisivall executors. 28. 12mo 1650. 

Signed in p^sence of the marke of H William Lane 

Thomas Wiswall 

ffreedome Kingsley Thomas Wisivall deposed before y*^ magist 

p'^sent y^ Govef this 6"^ of July 1654 y* this was y' Last 

m^ Nowell will of IF"* Lane. 

m'" Hibbins 

Capt Goohin & Record": 



Thomas Jewell of Brantrey. 

All y^ estate to my wife to be hers as long as she is a widdow, if she 
mary then to deuide it into thi-ce ])arts, two parts among my children the 
third to be hirs. William Needom & Tho: Jfoster to take the care & over 
sight of Estate for my wife & Children. Thomas Jewell t i^ismarko 

10. 2 mo 1654 That this is the true will of Tho: Jewell 

in the p^'sence of testifyed by TT"* Scant & Hannah 

William Scant Harbor before me Sam^ Basse Com- 

Hannah H Harbor witnesses ission"* 

Administration granted to Grisell Jewell his Late wife who is to see the 



1851.] Earliest With on Uecord in Suffolk County^ Ms, 305 

will pformed & giue security that the children shall haue their parts out of 
it; this 21 July, 1654. 

Att a meeting of the Magists & recorder the 5"^ October 1655. 

Humphry Griggs of Brantrey who with Gods leaue is Suddenly to 
mary the lielict of Tho: Jewell, Appeared before the magists & acknowl- 
edged y* it was agreed betweene him, TJio: ffoster, & IP" Needom, y* the 
said Griggs haue sole benefitt of the Estate of llio: Jeiuelly Sc at his owne 
charge bring vp all the children of said Jeivell till they were fitt to be 
putt Apprentice, causing them to Read, & the said Griggs did binde liim- 
selfe <fc estate, vizt, y*^ house & Land of said Jewells besides his owne, to 
pay to each of the said children the sume of seaven pounds & ten shillings 
when they come to the age of twenty one yeares y^ sonnes ; at day of mar- 
riage or eighteen yeares y^ daugliters, & to y*^ Eldest sonne fiueteene 
pounds at his age of twenty one yeares ; in witnes said Humphry Griggs 
subscribed his name before y° magistrate & Recorder, y^ day aboue men- 
tioned, w^'^ Agreement was approved of & vpon the former, Humphry 
Griggs bond of ir™ Needom & llio: ff aster is to be giuen vp 

witnes W^ Needom, Tho: ffoster 



Thomas Wheeler of Boston. 

Wife Rehecca Sole-executrix ; to said wife all my Estate dureing Life, 
if she continue a widdow; if she mary then vnto sonne Joseph Wheeler my 
house and Land, reserving vnto my wife her thirds, vnto my dau Rebhecca 
out of my moveables £20. at hir marriage or at y*^ age of nineteene yeares 
Riclf Trusdall NatU Williams &c Ediu"^ ffietcher [overseers] 

6: 3mo 1654 Tno: Wheeler 

witnes IT! * Gol hron^ Proved by NatU Williarns, 25 July 1654 

Nathaniell Williams, 



Richard Wilson of Boston. 

Being very sick, bequeath all my Estate vnto Sarah my wife, debts 
being payd, said estate kept & improued for y*^ vse of said wife. IP" Kil- 
cop & Richard Knight overseers, forty shillings a peece as a token of my 
Loue 19 Aug. 1654. Richard Wilson 

W'" Holloway^ 

Thomas Harwood, 



23 Dec. 1654. Barnabas ffav^ter of Boston. 

Debts being payd, vnto Grace ff aw er my wife & Eliazer my Sonne the 
Remainder of my Estate, wife sole Executrix. I will y* sonne Eliasar 
shalbe kept at Schoole with m'^ Chevers at Ipswitch for one yeare to be 
brought vp at Learning, m^ James Penn, m'^ W"" Paddy, m*" Tho: I-^ake, 
& Tho Marshall all of Boston, overseers, to see my will truely p formed, 
Viz*, that when my sonne shall come to the age of twenty & one yeares, 
the estate to be equally devided betwixt them. 

Witnes Thos Marshall Will proved 2 feb. 105 4 by Elder James 

James Penn Penn m"" W"^ Paddy & m"^ Thos Lake. 

W^ Paddy 



12: 2r 1654 Jefery Turner of Dorchester, 

Husbandman, being Sicke knowing it to be y^ minde & will of God y* 
a man should Sett his house in order before he depart this life, all my 



306 Earliest Wills on Record in Suffolk County, Ms, [July, 

outward estate house Lands & other goods to be employed for y* mainte- 
nance of my wife Jsabell, & two sonnes Praiseeiier & Increase^ & for the 
increasing of a stocke, if God shall please to blesse the same vntill the time 
y* my sonne Praiseeiier shall haue accomplished the age of one &: twenty 
yeares, then one halfe of all vnto my wife dureing life, & y*^ other halfe 
to my two sonnes after wifes decease ; a double portion to sonne Praise 
ever, saveing the sume of twelfe pounds to be abated in regard of a trade 
w^^ I haue putt him out to Learne, liaue bestowed y* cost vpon him in 
regard of his api)arell, & haue wanted that helpefuUnesse from him in 
pointe of his Labour, w^^ otherwise he might haue afforded if he had liued 
with me as y^ younger sonne hath done, his porcon (except here excepted) 
to be double to sonne Increase, & deliuered to him in house &: Lands, if 
what I leaue in y* kind extend so furr ; sonn Increase to haue his in house- 
hold stuffe or other goods, if my goods extend to such a value ; if either 
my sonnes dye before Praiseeiier haue attayned the age of 21 yeares, 
then y^ portion shalbe to my other sonne surviving ; if my wife depart 
this life before sonnes receiue their portions the outAvard estate shalbe used 
for the benefitt of both by my overseers, & by the Survivo^ of them, to 
witt, Lieft Roger Clap, & Ensigne Hopestill ffoster ; wife Isahell executor, 
witnesses Richard Baher Jeffery Turner 

Richard Leedes ( — p ws marke Will Proved 25. 3"^° 1654 before me 
John Gornell Humphrey Athcrton, 

nf Noioell 

Cap' Atherton Will aUowed 25 Mch, 1655. 

& Recorder 



23 Sep. 1654 George Davis. 

Wife Barbara & Da7i^ Turell Executors ; whole Estate to wife she al- 
lowing thirty pounds to Eldest sonne Samiiell when he is in age, & twenty 
to sonne John when he is in age, provided this estate by a crosed hand of 
p vidence be not wasted ; if wife mary another husband, then Executor^ 
shall pay to Sam^ one hundred pounds when he is in age, & to John sixty, 
if God so despose of Barbara my wife, y* she change not her condicon 
into a state of marriage, then I bequeath all to hir disposing she allowing 
the forenamed portions to my sonnes. George Davis. 

Li the p^'sent of NatW Greemvood, 

John Brimblecome. Proved by them 25 Aprill, 1655. 

psent yC Qoxsernd". 
TrL" Nowell. 
Cap' Atherton. 
Ediod^ Raivson Recordf 



August, the 24th Day, 1653. 
Granted vnto INIr. Richard Leader land for his vse three acres of Mead- 
ow at the vpper end of that peece of Meadow where Thomas Spencer liad 
his ten acres of medow & lying at Saco pond on the South west side of 
the same pond, with all the little spotts of medow, they being Hue spolts 
they being neare adiacent vnto the ponds, provided they be in noe former 
grants of the towne. 

A true Coppie taken the 30 day 
of September, 1 654, p me, 

Humphrey Ciiadburne, 

2'oivn Clerk. 



1851.] Ancient Family Letters. 307 

ANCIENT FAMILY LETTERS. 

Mr. Drake : 

Dear Sir, I send you herewith, copies of two letters, the originals of 
which, in a beautiful style of penmanship, have survived to the present 
day. The " Mrs. Elizabeth Harris" to whom they are addressed, was the 
wife of Robert Harris, one of the early settlers in Roxbury, where, in an 
old town or church book, appears the following record ; — " Robert Harris 
&Ehsabeth Boffee (Boughey) were married, Jan. 24, 1642." About 1655, 
the said Robert removed to Muddy River, now Brookline ; and, on the very 
spot where he then built, one branch of his descendants, in an unbroken 
line, hved, and owned the soil until 1828. I am desirous that you should 
give these papers an insertion in your excellent Register, in the hope 
that some one of its readers may have heard or known something of the 
^^Boughey ffamilye,^^ and will be Bold enough to communicate to me such 
information. Respectfully, yours, &:c. Luther M. Harris. 

Jamaica Plain, Feb. 15, 1851. 

Most deare Sister 

My vnfeigned love and respects to yoV and to yo^ husband [and] 
children with my prayers to the God of Heaven & Earth for to endue you 
with all blessings both spirituall and temporall my father remembreth his 
love to yo^ in the Lord Jesu [s] and his service and respects to his chris- 
tian and dearly beloved friend M"" William Hibbins, and acquainte him 
that my father saith praised be the Lord he doth remember him in his 
prayers, you shall receive by M^ Oulton m'^ of the Goode shipp the John's 
adventure 10 yards of Kersy as a token of his vnfeigned love to you, 
desiring he may heare from you of the Receipt of it by the next shipping ; 
and (God willing) we shall then otherwise send to yo^, and then myselfe 
shall remember yo" w*^ a Token. My ffather is intending (God willing) 
by the next September or the Spring, to send you some more [of] these ; 
therefore faile not to send to him. I have not else But the lord God 
blesse and Protect you. I am yo'" most really affectionate 

sister Katherin Thorpe. 
London, May 7th 1654. you may direct yo"" letter to my house in 
[vine]yard over against the back side of the Charterhouse in Aldersgate 
Street. 

May the 9*^ 1654. 

Reced aboard the Johns adventure M"" Oulten Comander one small 
bundell assigned to M'^ Hibbins in bostowne reed by me 

Thomas Dea 
[ Superscription.'] 

To my much esteemed friend Mr. William Hibbins att Boston in New 
England ffor Elizabeth Harris These 

Dear Sist^ 

my love in the Lord Jesu to yo"'" husband & Children premised, I 
have reed jo^l fro"? Roxbury dated Jan: 27*!? 61 and am hartily Glad to 
hear of yo""" healths the Lord in mercy continue it to yo!J yo"" and us all. 
In answer to the pticulars of yo"/" letter as ffolloweth, I know Coll: Crowne,* 

* Probably Crown the poet, known in his own times by the familiar name of Jonny 
Crown. He appears to have had something to do with Ncav England, and from this 
letter it may be inferred that he was once a visitor here. He probably performed some 
service, in, or about the time of the restoration, as he had from Charles II, a grant of 
land in New England. We know not that history records any thing of " Coll. 



308 Ancient Family Letters. [Ju^J? 

and did receive a former letter fro?^ yo" but whether by his meanes or not, 
I cannot tell, however, I am glad he proves yo"5 friend, for w':^ when I 
have an opportunity, I shall, god willing, give him thanks ; next, all our 
Brothers, Brother in Laws and Sisters hereafter mentioned, praysed bee 
our good god, are in good health for the most parte ; our youngest Brol'^ 
Timothy is Chaplaine to the Kings Rigimt of Guards in Dunkirke, 
Thomas Imployed by me in business, our sister Katherine, whom you 
Know, is married to one IVP Thorpe in London, hath her health Indiffer- 
ently well ; and lives comfortably, our Sist?5 Hannah is married to one Mf 
Wilding, and lives in Shrewsbury, Mary is married to M^ Roe, who hath 
an Imployment under me in London, and lives well, Pricilla is married to 
an honest minister, one Mf Bruce, and at p^'sent Lives in London, is 
Chapline to mee, at the ffleete. Our Sisters, Except Katherine, are all 
mothers of Children, I doubt not but our good god will continue his good 
hand of providence over us all, and [I] hartyly pray that wee may walke 
worthy of the least of his mercys, and in all humilytie truly thankfull for 
what Ever hee in his divine wisdome tliinks fitt to bestow or Lay vpon vs ; 
my harty prayers to the Lord for yo" and yo" are that if not m this world 
w^?^ is full of Sinn and Misery, yett